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gastrointestinální hemoragie

Bleeding in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.
MSH

escape of blood from the vessels, or bleeding, in the gastrointestinal tract.
CSP

Your digestive or gastrointestinal (GI) tract includes the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine or colon, rectum and anus. Bleeding can come from one or more of these areas. The amount of bleeding can be so small that only a lab test can find it.

GI bleeding is not a disease, but a symptom of a disease. There are many possible causes of GI bleeding, including

The test used most often to look for the cause of GI bleeding is called endoscopy. It uses a flexible instrument inserted through the mouth or rectum to view the inside of the GI tract. A type of endoscopy called colonoscopy looks at the large intestine.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


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kolon

The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the RECTUM. It includes the ASCENDING COLON; the TRANSVERSE COLON; the DESCENDING COLON; and the SIGMOID COLON.
MSH

part of the large intestine that extends from the cecum to the rectum.
CSP

The longest part of the large intestine, which is a tube-like organ connected to the small intestine at one end and the anus at the other. The colon removes water and some nutrients and electrolytes from partially digested food. The remaining material, solid waste called stool, moves through the colon to the rectum and leaves the body through the anus.
NCI

The part of the large intestine measured from the cecum to the rectum consisting of ascending, transverse, descending and sigmoid portions. The purpose of the colon is to remove water from digested food prior to excretion. (NCI)
NCI

The part of the large intestine measured from the cecum to the rectum consisting of ascending, transverse, descending and sigmoid portions. The purpose of the colon is to remove water from digested food prior to excretion.
NCI

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Penicillin G Sodium

The sodium salt form of benzylpenicillin, a semi-synthetic, broad-spectrum penicillin antibiotic with bactericidal activity. Benzylpenicillin sodium binds to and inactivates penicillin-binding proteins (PBP) located on the inner membrane of the bacterial cell wall. Inactivation of PBPs interferes with the cross-linkage of peptidoglycan chains necessary for bacterial cell wall strength and rigidity. This results in the weakening of the bacterial cell wall and causes cell lysis.
NCI

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malátsynthasa

An important enzyme in the glyoxylic acid cycle which reversibly catalyzes the synthesis of L-malate from acetyl-CoA and glyoxylate. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 4.1.3.2.
MSH

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přemístění pacientů

Interfacility or intrahospital transfer of patients. Intrahospital transfer is usually to obtain a specific kind of care and interfacility transfer is usually for economic reasons as well as type of care provided.
MSH

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exprese genu – regulace leukemická

Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in leukemia.
MSH

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zodpovědnost duševně nemocného

Legal process required for the institutionalization of a patient with severe mental problems.
MSH

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somatostatinom

A SOMATOSTATIN-secreting tumor derived from the pancreatic delta cells (SOMATOSTATIN-SECRETING CELLS). It is also found in the INTESTINE. Somatostatinomas are associated with DIABETES MELLITUS; CHOLELITHIASIS; STEATORRHEA; and HYPOCHLORHYDRIA. The majority of somatostatinomas have the potential for METASTASIS.
MSH

A rare, usually malignant tumor arizing from delta cells. This neoplasm produces large amounts of somatostatin, which may result in a syndrome characterized by diarrhea, steatorrhea, weight loss, and gastric hyposecretion. Sixty percent are found in the pancreas and 40% in the duodenum or jejunum. The peak incidence occurs between 40 and 60 years of age; women are affected more than men by 2:1.
NCI

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mamografie

Radiographic examination of the breast.
MSH

radiography of the mammary gland.
CSP

The use of film or a computer to create a picture of the breast.
NCI

An x-ray of the breast.
NCI

A mammogram is a special type of X-ray of the breasts. Mammograms can show tumors long before they are big enough for you or your health care provider to feel. They are recommended for women who have symptoms of breast cancer or who have a high risk of the disease. You and your health care provider should discuss when to start having mammograms and how often to get one.

Mammograms are quick and easy. You stand in front of an X-ray machine. The person who takes the X-rays places your breast between two plastic plates. The plates press your breast and make it flat. This may be uncomfortable, but it helps get a clear picture. You will have an X-ray of each breast. A mammogram takes only a few seconds and it can help save your life.

NIH: National Cancer Institute


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A type of radiography used specifically to examine breast tissue. The procedure utilizes a low-dose of x-rays or radiation to generate an image. A mammography exam or mammogram, is used as a screening tool to detect early breast cancer in women experiencing no symptoms and to detect and diagnose breast disease.
NCI

A low voltage X-ray photograph of the breast generally done to detect breast cancer. This method is also valuable in diagnosis of benign abnormal conditions of the breast such as fibroadenoma, mastitis, abscess, and cysts.
NCI

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pánev – infekce

Infection involving the tissues or organs in the PELVIS.
MSH

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geny dominantní

Genes that influence the PHENOTYPE both in the homozygous and the heterozygous state.
MSH

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srovnávací studie

Comparison of outcomes, results, responses, etc for different techniques, therapeutic approaches or other inputs.
MSH

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spasmus

An involuntary contraction of a muscle or group of muscles. Spasms may involve SKELETAL MUSCLE or SMOOTH MUSCLE.
MSH

a sudden, violent, involuntary contraction of a muscle or a group of muscles, attended by pain and interference with function, producing involuntary movement and distortion.
CSP

A sudden, violent, involuntary contraction of a muscle or group of muscles.
NCI

A sudden contraction of a muscle or group of muscles, such as a cramp.
NCI

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mannosafosfáty

Phosphoric acid esters of mannose.
MSH

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penze

Fixed sums paid regularly to individuals.
MSH

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genetika

The branch of science concerned with the means and consequences of transmission and generation of the components of biological inheritance. (Stedman, 26th ed)
MSH

branch of science concerned with the means and consequences of transmission and generation of the components of biological inheritance; the study of genes and their heredity.
CSP

The study of genes and heredity. Heredity is the passing of genetic information and traits (such as eye color and an increased chance of getting a certain disease) from parents to offspring.
NCI

The branch of biology that deals with heredity, especially the mechanisms of hereditary transmission and the variation of inherited characteristics among similar or related organisms
NCI

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komplement – fixační testy

Serologic tests based on inactivation of complement by the antigen-antibody complex (stage 1). Binding of free complement can be visualized by addition of a second antigen-antibody system such as red cells and appropriate red cell antibody (hemolysin) requiring complement for its completion (stage 2). Failure of the red cells to lyse indicates that a specific antigen-antibody reaction has taken place in stage 1. If red cells lyse, free complement is present indicating no antigen-antibody reaction occurred in stage 1.
MSH

serologic tests based on inactivation of complement by the antigen-antibody complex (stage 1); binding of free complement can be visualized by addition of a second antigen-antibody system such as red cells and appropriate red cell antibody (hemolysin) requiring complement for its completion (stage 2); failure of the red cells to lyse indicates that a specific antigen-antibody reaction has taken place in stage 1; if red cells lyse, free complement is present indicating no antigen-antibody reaction occurred in stage 1.
CSP

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řeč – artikulační testy

Tests of accuracy in pronouncing speech sounds, e.g., Iowa Pressure Articulation Test, Deep Test of Articulation, Templin-Darley Tests of Articulation, Goldman-Fristoe Test of Articulation, Screening Speech Articulation Test, Arizona Articulation Proficiency Scale.
MSH

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marketink zdravotnických služeb

Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.
MSH

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peptidy – faktory zahájení

Protein factors uniquely required during the initiation phase of protein synthesis in GENETIC TRANSLATION.
MSH

One of several soluble proteins involved in the initiation of protein or RNA synthesis. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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Geotrichum

A mitosporic Saccharomycetales fungal genus, various species of which have been isolated from pulmonary lesions. Teleomorphs include Dipodascus and Galactomyces.
MSH

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konkanavalin A

A MANNOSE/GLUCOSE binding lectin isolated from the jack bean (Canavalia ensiformis). It is a potent mitogen used to stimulate cell proliferation in lymphocytes, primarily T-lymphocyte, cultures.
MSH

mannose/glucose binding lectin isolated from the jack bean (Canavalia ensiformis); potent mitogen used to stimulate cell proliferation in lymphocytes, primarily T-lymphocyte, cultures.
CSP

A mannose-binding lectin originally isolated from jack-bean, Canavalia ensiformis. Concanavalin A is a potent lymphocyte mitogen and a stimulator of matrix metalloproteinases, thereby exhibiting immunostimulatory effects. It is used in the characterization and purification of glycoproteins.
NCI

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spermidin

A polyamine formed from putrescine. It is found in almost all tissues in association with nucleic acids. It is found as a cation at all pH values, and is thought to help stabilize some membranes and nucleic acid structures. It is a precursor of spermine.
MSH

polyamine found in most tissues in association with nucleic acids; formed from putrescine and a precursor of spermine.
CSP

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mastitida

INFLAMMATION of the BREAST, or MAMMARY GLAND.
MSH

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perianální žlázy

A large apocrine gland located in the area surrounding the anal orifice.
NCI

A gland located in the area around the anus.
NCI

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gibereliny

A class of plant growth hormone isolated from cultures of Gibberella fujikuroi, a fungus causing Bakanae disease in rice. There are many different members of the family as well as mixtures of multiple members; all are diterpenoid acids based on the gibberellane skeleton.
MSH

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Connův syndrom

An ADENOMA of the ZONA GLOMERULOSA that produces ALDOSTERONE and HYPERALDOSTERONISM.
MSH

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Spinal meninges

Connective tissue membranes that surround and support the spinal cord and cauda equina. They are continuous with cranial meninges, which surround and support the brain.
NCI

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sinus maxillaris

The air space located in the body of the MAXILLARY BONE near each cheek. Each maxillary sinus communicates with the middle passage (meatus) of the NASAL CAVITY on the same side.
MSH

A pyramidal-shaped, thin-walled, air-filled cavity located in the maxilla. It is lined by mucus membrane and periosteum (mucoperiosteum) which contains cilia. It is adjacent to the nasal cavity and communicates with the middle meatus of the nose. It is the largest paranasal sinus and is composed of three recesses: alveolar, zygomatic, and infraorbital. (NCI)
NCI

A type of paranasal sinus (a hollow space in the bones around the nose). There are two large maxillary sinuses, one in each of the maxillary bones, which are in the cheek area next to the nose. The maxillary sinuses are lined with cells that make mucus to keep the nose from drying out.
NCI

A pyramidal-shaped, thin-walled, air-filled cavity located in the maxilla. It is lined by mucus membrane and periosteum (mucoperiosteum) which contains cilia. It is adjacent to the nasal cavity and communicates with the middle meatus of the nose. It is the largest paranasal sinus and is composed of three recesses: alveolar, zygomatic, and infraorbital.
NCI

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periodontální vaz

The fibrous CONNECTIVE TISSUE surrounding the TOOTH ROOT, separating it from and attaching it to the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS).
MSH

Skeletal ligament (organ) that connects a tooth to the maxilla or mandible.
FMA

The fibrous connective tissue surrounding the root of a tooth that separates it from and attaches it to the alveolar bone.
NCI

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