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duodenum – obstrukce

Hindrance of the passage of luminal contents in the DUODENUM. Duodenal obstruction can be partial or complete, and caused by intrinsic or extrinsic factors. Simple obstruction is associated with diminished or stopped flow of luminal contents. Strangulating obstruction is associated with impaired blood flow to the duodenum in addition to obstructed flow of luminal contents.
MSH

Blockage of the normal flow of stomach contents through the duodenum.
NCI

A disorder characterized by blockage of the normal flow of stomach contents through the duodenum.
NCI

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nemoc rukou, nohou a úst

A mild, highly infectious viral disease of children, characterized by vesicular lesions in the mouth and on the hands and feet. It is caused by coxsackieviruses A.
MSH

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hematoencefalická bariéra

Specialized non-fenestrated tightly-joined ENDOTHELIAL CELLS with TIGHT JUNCTIONS that form a transport barrier for certain substances between the cerebral capillaries and the BRAIN tissue.
MSH

a physical barrier and a system of cellular transport mechanisms which maintain homeostasis in the brain by restricting the entrance of potentially harmful chemicals from the blood and by allowing the entrance of essential nutrients.
CSP

A network of blood vessels and tissue that is made up of closely spaced cells and helps keep harmful substances from reaching the brain. The blood-brain barrier lets some substances, such as water, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and general anesthetics, pass into the brain. It also keeps out bacteria and other substances, such as many anticancer drugs.
NCI

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ganglion spirale

The sensory ganglion of the COCHLEAR NERVE. The cells of the spiral ganglion send fibers peripherally to the cochlear hair cells and centrally to the COCHLEAR NUCLEI of the BRAIN STEM.
MSH

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Mus musculus

the scientific name of the common house mouse; for inbred and mutant strain mice used in research, use LABORATORY MOUSE or narrower terms.
CSP

The common house mouse, often used as an experimental organism.
NCI

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periferní nervový systém – nádory

Neoplasms which arise from peripheral nerve tissue. This includes NEUROFIBROMAS; SCHWANNOMAS; GRANULAR CELL TUMORS; and malignant peripheral NERVE SHEATH NEOPLASMS. (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp1750-1)
MSH

A benign or malignant neoplasm arising from a peripheral nerve or the perineural sheaths.
NCI

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dyslexie získaná

A receptive visual aphasia characterized by the loss of a previously possessed ability to comprehend the meaning or significance of handwritten words, despite intact vision. This condition may be associated with posterior cerebral artery infarction (INFARCTION, POSTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY) and other BRAIN DISEASES.
MSH

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nemocenské dávky pracujícím – plány

Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.
MSH

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Bolívie

A country in Central South America, southwest of Brazil. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Central South America, southwest of Brazil. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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spondylolistéza

Forward displacement of a superior vertebral body over the vertebral body below.
MSH

forward displacement of one vertebra over another
CHV

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mikrofilamentové proteiny

Monomeric subunits of primarily globular ACTIN and found in the cytoplasmic matrix of almost all cells. They are often associated with microtubules and may play a role in cytoskeletal function and/or mediate movement of the cell or the organelles within the cell.
MSH

Structurally complex proteins that are comprised of microfilaments, which are necessary components of the cellular cytoskeleton for motility and shape. Microfilaments physically associate with microtubules to play a structural role in cytoskeleton integrity.
NCI

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rozvoj osobnosti

Growth of habitual patterns of behavior in childhood and adolescence.
MSH

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ekkrinní žlázy

Simple sweat glands that secrete sweat directly onto the SKIN.
MSH

A type of simple sweat gland that is found in almost all regions of the skin. These glands produce sweat that reaches the surface of the skin by way of coiled ducts (tubes). The body is cooled as sweat evaporates from the skin.
NCI

An unbranched, coiled, tubular gland not associated with the hair follicle that promotes cooling by evaporation of its secretion. It is innervated by cholinergic nerve fibers.
NCI

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zdravotnictví – zdroje

Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.
MSH

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polygrafie

The aggregate enterprise of manufacturing and technically producing books. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
MSH

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stanozolol

A synthetic steroid that has anabolic and androgenic properties. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1194)
MSH

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mikrotomie

The technique of using a microtome to cut thin or ultrathin sections of tissues embedded in a supporting substance. The microtome is an instrument that hold a steel, glass or diamond knife in clamps at an angle to the blocks of prepared tissues, which it cuts in sections of equal thickness.
MSH

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bakteriofág phi X 174

The type species of the genus MICROVIRUS. A prototype of the small virulent DNA coliphages, it is composed of a single strand of supercoiled circular DNA, which on infection, is converted to a double-stranded replicative form by a host enzyme.
MSH

Microvisus type species; circular (+)-sense ssDNA; causes lysis of enterobacteria within 25-30 minutes of entry.
CSP

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ekonomická hodnota života

The evaluation of the monetary value of a life lost or a life saved.
MSH

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srdce – katetrizace

Procedure which includes placement of catheter, recording of intracardiac and intravascular pressure, obtaining blood samples for chemical analysis, and cardiac output measurement, etc. Specific angiographic injection techniques are also involved.
MSH

procedure which includes insertion of a tubular device into the heart for recording of intracardiac and intravascular pressure, obtaining blood samples for chemical analysis, and cardiac output measurement, injecting or withdrawing fluids, etc.
CSP

A procedure in which a thin plastic tube (catheter) is inserted into an artery or vein in the arm or leg and then advanced into the chambers of the heart or into the coronary arteries. Catheterization can measure blood pressure within the heart and how much oxygen is in the blood. It`s also used to get information about the pumping ability of the heart muscle. Catheters are also used to inject dye into the coronary arteries. Catheters with a balloon on the tip are used in the procedure called percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty.
NCI

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botulotoxiny

Toxic proteins produced from the species CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM. The toxins are synthesized as a single peptide chain which is processed into a mature protein consisting of a heavy chain and light chain joined via a disulfide bond. The botulinum toxin light chain is a zinc-dependent protease which is released from the heavy chain upon ENDOCYTOSIS into PRESYNAPTIC NERVE ENDINGS. Once inside the cell the botulinum toxin light chain cleaves specific SNARE proteins which are essential for secretion of ACETYLCHOLINE by SYNAPTIC VESICLES. This inhibition of acetylcholine release results in muscular PARALYSIS.
MSH

toxins produced by Clostridium botulinum; there are at least seven different substances, most being proteins; they have neuro-, entero-, and hemotoxic properties, are immunogenic, and are among the most potent poisons known; used medically to block release of acetylcholine at cholinergic synapses.
CSP

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kyseliny stearové

A group of compounds that are derivatives of octadecanoic acid which is one of the most abundant fatty acids found in animal lipids. (Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

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Hereditair lymfoedeem

A congenital condition that results in swelling in the arms or legs, and can occur during adolescence or adulthood. Loss of motion and pain may also accompany the swelling. Protein-rich lymphatic fluid accumulates in tissues, engorging and enlarging vessels and often causing visible swelling, tenderness, and pain. Left untreated, the affected tissues may continue to swell, and can become hardened or fibrotic and susceptible to infection.
NCI

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fenaziny

3 ring aromatic structure consisting of 2 benzene rings bridged by ortho nitrogen heteroatoms; used in dyes and larvicides; do not confuse with Phenazine, the drug trade name.
CSP

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Educational aspects

Used for education, training programs, and courses in various fields and disciplines, and for training groups of persons.
MSH

The activities of educating or instructing or teaching; activities that impart knowledge or skill.
NCI

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horko

high temperature; quality of being hot or warm.
CSP

The form of energy and the sensation of an increase in temperature. Its interest in medicine is largely with reference to its physiological effects, its therapeutic use, and its use in procedures in physics and physical chemistry.
MSH

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Moraxella (Branhamella) catarrhalis

Gram-negative aerobic cocci of low virulence that colonize the nasopharynx and occasionally cause MENINGITIS; BACTEREMIA; EMPYEMA; PERICARDITIS; and PNEUMONIA.
MSH

A species of gram-negative, aerobic, oxidase-positive diplococcus bacteria within the phylum Proteobacteria that causes upper respiratory tract infections, particularly in immunocompromised hosts.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Moraxella catarrhalis.
NCI

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steroly

Steroids with a hydroxyl group at C-3 and most of the skeleton of cholestane. Additional carbon atoms may be present in the side chain. (IUPAC Steroid Nomenclature, 1987)
MSH

steroids with long (8-10 carbon) aliphatic side chains at position 17 and at least one alcoholic hydroxyl group, usually at position 3; they have lipid-like solubility.
CSP

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roztoči

Any arthropod of the subclass ACARI except the TICKS. They are minute animals related to the spiders, usually having transparent or semitransparent bodies. They may be parasitic on humans and domestic animals, producing various irritations of the skin (MITE INFESTATIONS). Many mite species are important to human and veterinary medicine as both parasite and vector. Mites also infest plants.
MSH

any arthropod of the subclass Acari, except the ticks; minute animals related to the spiders, usually having transparent or semitransparent bodies; may be parasitic on humans and domestic animals, producing various irritations of the skin; many mite species are important to human and veterinary medicine as both parasite and vector; mites also infest plants.
CSP

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fenylbutazon

A butyl-diphenyl-pyrazolidinedione that has anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, and analgesic activities. It has been used in ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS; RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS; and REACTIVE ARTHRITIS.
MSH

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