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hemaglutinace virová

Agglutination of ERYTHROCYTES by a virus.
MSH

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pneumokonióza

A diffuse parenchymal lung disease caused by inhalation of dust and by tissue reaction to their presence. These inorganic, organic, particulate, or vaporized matters usually are inhaled by workers in their occupational environment, leading to the various forms (ASBESTOSIS; BYSSINOSIS; and others). Similar air pollution can also have deleterious effects on the general population.
MSH

any of a group of lung diseases resulting from inhalation of particles of industrial substances.
CSP

An occupational lung disorder caused by inhalation of dust particles. It is characterized by bilateral interstitial lung infiltrates. Representative examples include asbestosis, silicosis, anthracosis, and talc pneumoconiosis.
NCI

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dendrity

Extensions of the nerve cell body. They are short and branched and receive stimuli from other NEURONS.
MSH

one of the threadlike extensions of the cytoplasm of a neuron, which typically branch into tree-like processes; in unipolar and bipolar neurons, there is a single dendrite, which proximally resembles an axon but branches distally; in multipolar neurons there are many short, branching dendrites; dendrites compose most of the receptive surface of a neuron; called also dendron, neurodendrite, and neurodendron.
CSP

A neuron projection that has a short, tapering, often branched, morphology, receives and integrates signals from other neurons or from sensory stimuli, and conducts a nerve impulse towards the axon or the cell body. In most neurons, the impulse is conveyed from dendrites to axon via the cell body, but in some types of unipolar neuron, the impulse does not travel via the cell body. [GOC:dos, GOC:mah, GOC:nln, ISBN:0198506732 “Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”]
GO

Neurite which has as its direct parts a dendrite proper and a set of dendritic spines.
FMA

Cell appendage of a neuron that consists of the dendrite proper and the dendritic spines.
UWDA

A long, branching outgrowth or extension from a neuron, that carries electrical signals from synapses to the cell body; any structure that resembles a dendrite.
NCI

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modely chemické

Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
MSH

representation of the structure, behavior or activity of a chemical or chemical processes or systems which can be manipulated to demonstrate the effects that various actions will have on the chemical or chemical process or system; do not confuse with STRUCTURAL MODEL.
CSP

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tarzální kosti

The seven bones which form the tarsus – namely, CALCANEUS; TALUS; cuboid, navicular, and the internal, middle, and external cuneiforms.
MSH

Any one of the seven bones forming the instep of the foot. (NCI)
NCI

The seven bones which form the tarsus; namely the calcaneus, talus, cuboid, navicular, and first, second and third cuneiforms. The tarsus is a skeletal part of the foot.
NCI

Any one of the seven bones forming the instep of the foot.
NCI

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artritida adjuvantní

An experimental model of arthritis that is induced by injecting adjuvants. These adjuvants generally consists of a mixture of light paraffin oil, emulsifying agent, and infective agents or antigens, such as killed mycobacteria or bacterial lipopolysaccharides.
MSH

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hemová oxygenasa (decyklizující)

A mixed function oxidase enzyme which during hemoglobin catabolism catalyzes the degradation of heme to ferrous iron, carbon monoxide and biliverdin in the presence of molecular oxygen and reduced NADPH. The enzyme is induced by metals, particularly cobalt. EC 1.14.99.3.
MSH

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Poisoning aspects

Used with drugs, chemicals, and industrial materials for human or animal poisoning, acute or chronic, whether the poisoning is accidental, occupational, suicidal, by medication error, or by environmental exposure.
MSH

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zubní sklovina – rozpustnost

The susceptibility of the DENTAL ENAMEL to dissolution.
MSH

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molybdoferredoxin

A non-heme iron-sulfur protein isolated from Clostridium pasteurianum and other bacteria. It is a component of NITROGENASE, which is active in nitrogen fixation, and consists of two subunits with molecular weights of 59.5 kDa and 50.7 kDa, respectively.
MSH

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technologie v biomedicíně – hodnocení

Evaluation of biomedical technology in relation to cost, efficacy, utilization, etc., and its future impact on social, ethical, and legal systems.
MSH

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askaridiáza

Infection with nematodes of the genus ASCARIDIA. This condition usually occurs in fowl, often manifesting diarrhea.
MSH

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hemoglobin srpkovitý

An abnormal hemoglobin resulting from the substitution of valine for glutamic acid at position 6 of the beta chain of the globin moiety. The heterozygous state results in sickle cell trait, the homozygous in sickle cell anemia.
MSH

abnormal hemoglobin caused by a point mutation in the beta chains, found in sickle cell anemia.
CSP

An abnormal hemoglobin assay is a device consisting of the reagents, apparatus, instrumentation, and controls necessary to isolate and identify abnormal genetically determined hemoglobin types.
SPN

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polybrombifenylové sloučeniny

Biphenyl compounds which are extensively brominated. Many of these compounds are toxic environmental pollutants.
MSH

A mixture of synthetic solids, containing three or more bromine atoms, that is virtually insoluble in water but is soluble in fat and various organic solvents. There are 209 different molecular combinations, or congeners, that are possible for polybrominated biphenyls. These mixtures are no longer used or produced in commercial quantities in the United States. Residues remaining in and around plants that formerly manufactured, processed or produced products using polybrominated biphenyls are the current sources for human exposure. The primary routes of potential human exposure to polybrominated biphenyls are ingestion, inhalation, and dermal contact. A commercial mixture of these compounds is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05)
NCI

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zubní dřeň

A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
MSH

the richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin.
CSP

A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin. It has formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions.
NCI

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nálada

A relatively temporary state of feeling.
NCI

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temporomandibulární kloub

An articulation between the condyle of the mandible and the articular tubercle of the temporal bone.
MSH

temporomandibular articulation: a bicondylar joint formed by the head of the mandible and the mandibular fossa, and the articular tubercle of the temporal bone.
CSP

The joint between the head of the lower mandible and the temporal bone. (NCI)
NCI

The joint between the head of the lower mandible and the temporal bone.
NCI

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aspergilóza alergická bronchopulmonální

Hypersensitivity reaction (ALLERGIC REACTION) to fungus ASPERGILLUS in an individual with long-standing BRONCHIAL ASTHMA. It is characterized by pulmonary infiltrates, EOSINOPHILIA, elevated serum IMMUNOGLOBULIN E, and skin reactivity to Aspergillus antigen.
MSH

An immune reaction to aspergillus in patients usually suffering from asthma or cystic fibrosis.
NCI

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HEMORROIDEAK

Swollen veins in the lower part of the RECTUM or ANUS. Hemorrhoids can be inside the anus (internal), under the skin around the anus (external), or protruding from inside to outside of the anus. People with hemorrhoids may or may not exhibit symptoms which include bleeding, itching, and pain.
MSH

An enlarged or swollen blood vessel, usually located near the anus or the rectum.
NCI

Hemorrhoids are swollen, inflamed veins around the anus or lower rectum. They are either inside the anus or under the skin around the anus. They often result from straining to have a bowel movement. Other factors include pregnancy, aging and chronic constipation or diarrhea.

Hemorrhoids are very common in both men and women. About half of all people have hemorrhoids by age 50. The most common symptom of hemorrhoids inside the anus is bright red blood covering the stool, on toilet paper or in the toilet bowl. Symptoms usually go away within a few days.

If you have rectal bleeding you should see a doctor. You need to make sure bleeding is not from a more serious condition such as colorectal or anal cancer. Treatment may include warm baths and a cream or other medicine. If you have large hemorrhoids, you may need surgery and other treatments.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by the presence of dilated veins in the rectum and surrounding area.
NCI

Dilated veins in the rectum and anal area.
NCI

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polymerázová řetězová reakce

In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
MSH

method for reproducing specific DNA sequences based on elongation of complementary primers by DNA polymerase; primarily used to increase quantities for analytical detection of, e.g., virus genome.
CSP

A laboratory method used to make many copies of a specific DNA sequence.
NCI

laboratory procedure for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments
CHV

Description:Polymerase Chain Reaction


HL7V3.0

A method for amplifying a DNA base sequence using multiple rounds of heat denaturation of the DNA and annealing of oligonucleotide primers complementary to flanking regions in the presence of a heat-stable polymerase. This results in duplication of the targeted DNA region. Newly synthesized DNA strands can subsequently serve as additional templates for the same primer sequences, so that successive rounds of primer annealing, strand elongation, and dissociation produce rapid and highly specific amplification of the desired sequence. PCR also can be used to detect the existence of the defined sequence in a DNA sample.
NCI

Molecular, Polymerase chain reaction


HL7V3.0

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dentice smíšená

The complement of teeth in the jaws after the eruption of some of the permanent teeth but before all the deciduous teeth are absent. (Boucher`s Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
MSH

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pohyb – percepce

The real or apparent movement of objects through the visual field.
MSH

sensory interpretation of the movement of objects or persons.
CSP

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testis – nemoci

Pathological processes of the TESTIS.
MSH

deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the testis.
CSP

Testicles, or testes, make male hormones and sperm. They are two egg-shaped organs inside the scrotum, the loose sac of skin behind the penis. It`s easy to injure your testicles because they are not protected by bones or muscles. Men and boys should wear athletic supporters when they play sports.

You should examine your testicles monthly and seek medical attention for lumps, redness, pain or other changes. Testicles can get inflamed or infected. They can also develop cancer. Testicular cancer is rare and highly treatable. It usually happens between the ages of 15 and 40.


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by involvement of the testis.
NCI

A non-neoplastic or neoplastic disorder affecting the testis. Representative examples include torsion, infarction, germ cell tumor, sex cord-stromal tumor, lymphoma, and leukemia.
NCI

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plíce – atelektáza

collapse of all or part of a lung due to bronchial plugging or the chest cavity being opened to atomspheric pressure.
CSP

Failure of the lung to expand (inflate) completely. This may be caused by a blocked airway, a tumor, general anesthesia, pneumonia or other lung infections, lung disease, or long-term bedrest with shallow breathing. Sometimes called a collapsed lung.
NCI

Absence of air in the entire or part of a lung, such as an incompletely inflated neonate lung or a collapsed adult lung. Pulmonary atelectasis can be caused by airway obstruction, lung compression, fibrotic contraction, or other factors.
MSH

A disorder characterized by the collapse of part or the entire lung.
NCI

The collapse of part or the entire lung due to airway obstruction, infection, tumor, or general anesthesia.
NCI

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virus hepatitidy B

A virus that causes hepatitis (inflammation of the liver). It is carried and passed to others through blood or sexual contact. Also, infants born to infected mothers may become infected with the virus.
NCI

The type species of the genus ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS which causes human HEPATITIS B and is also apparently a causal agent in human HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA. The Dane particle is an intact hepatitis virion, named after its discoverer. Non-infectious spherical and tubular particles are also seen in the serum.
MSH

Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) is the prototype of the Hepadnavirus Family. Included in the family are the Woodchuck Hepatitis Virus (WHV) and the Duck Hepatitis B Virus (DHBV) which provide animal models of infection. The HBV genome is a partially double stranded circular DNA. A viral reverse transcriptase is bound to the 5` extremity of the long strand. (from http://www.genetique.uvsq.fr/RC/virologie/hepatiteB_2_uk.html)
NCI

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polytetrafluoroethylen

Homopolymer of tetrafluoroethylene. Nonflammable, tough, inert plastic tubing or sheeting; used to line vessels, insulate, protect or lubricate apparatus; also as filter, coating for surgical implants or as prosthetic material. Synonyms: Fluoroflex; Fluoroplast; Ftoroplast; Halon; Polyfene; PTFE; Tetron.
MSH

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deoxyribonukleasa BamHI

One of the Type II site-specific deoxyribonucleases (EC 3.1.21.4). It recognizes and cleaves the sequence G/GATCC at the slash. BamHI is from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens N. Numerous isoschizomers have been identified. EC 3.1.21.-.
MSH

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Mosambik

A republic in southern Africa, south of TANZANIA, east of ZAMBIA and ZIMBABWE, bordered on the west by the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Maputo. It was formerly called Portuguese East Africa.
MSH

A country in Southern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Southern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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tetrahydrouridin

An inhibitor of nucleotide metabolism.
MSH

A substance that makes tumor cells more sensitive to radiation therapy and is being studied in the treatment of cancer. It belongs to the families of drugs called cytidine deaminase inhibitors, multidrug resistance modulators, and radiosensitizers.
NCI

A synthetic pyrimidine nucleoside analogue with biomodulating activity. Tetrahydrouridine increases the efficacy of the radiosensitizer cytochlor (5-chloro-2`-deoxycytidine) by inhibiting the enzyme deoxycytidine monophosphate (dCMP) deaminase and preventing the premature deamination of the cytochlor metabolite 5-chloro-2`-deoxycytidine monophosphate (CldCMP) to 5-chloro-2`-deoxyuridine monophosphate (CldUMP); in turn, this increases tumor concentrations of CldUMP which is then further anabolized and incorporated selectively into tumor DNA as CldU (5-chloro-2`-deoxyuridine). Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39710&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39710&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C868″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A synthetic pyrimidine nucleoside analogue with biomodulating activity. Tetrahydrouridine increases the efficacy of the radiosensitizer cytochlor (5-chloro-2`-deoxycytidine) by inhibiting the enzyme deoxycytidine monophosphate (dCMP) deaminase and preventing the premature deamination of the cytochlor metabolite 5-chloro-2`-deoxycytidine monophosphate (CldCMP) to 5-chloro-2`-deoxyuridine monophosphate (CldUMP); in turn, this increases tumor concentrations of CldUMP which is then further anabolized and incorporated selectively into tumor DNA as CldU (5-chloro-2`-deoxyuridine). (NCI04)
NCI

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postoj k smrti

Conceptual response of the person to the various aspects of death, which are based on individual psychosocial and cultural experience.
MSH

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