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oxazoly

Five-membered heterocyclic ring structures containing an oxygen in the 1-position and a nitrogen in the 3-position, in distinction from ISOXAZOLES where they are at the 1,2 positions.
MSH

five-membered heterocyclic ring structures containing an oxygen in the 1-position and a nitrogen in the 3-position.
CSP

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MOS gene

This gene is involved in signal transduction and the control of meioses.
NCI

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sexuální delikty

any violation of established legal or moral codes in respect to sexual behavior.
CSP

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nitrofenoly chlorortuťnaté

Mercuriphenols substituted with one or more chlorine atoms and one or more nitro groups. Some of these are sulfhydryl reagents which act as chromophoric probes in enzymes and other proteins.
MSH

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hepatitida

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER.
MSH

inflammation of the liver and liver disease involving degenerative or necrotic alterations of hepatocytes.
CSP

Disease of the liver causing inflammation. Symptoms include an enlarged liver, fever, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and dark urine.
NCI

Your liver helps your body digest food, store energy and remove poisons. Hepatitis is a swelling of the liver that makes it stop working well. It can lead to scarring, called cirrhosis, or to cancer.

Viruses cause most cases of hepatitis. The type of hepatitis is named for the virus that causes it; for example, hepatitis A, hepatitis B or hepatitis C. Drug or alcohol use can also lead to hepatitis. In other cases, your body mistakenly attacks its own tissues. You can help prevent some viral forms by getting a vaccine. Sometimes hepatitis goes away by itself. If it does not, it can be treated with drugs. Sometimes hepatitis lasts a lifetime.

Some people who have hepatitis have no symptoms. Others may have

  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Dark-colored urine and pale bowel movements
  • Stomach pain
  • Jaundice, yellowing of skin and eyes


MEDLINEPLUS

Inflammation of the liver; usually from a viral infection, but sometimes from toxic agents.
NCI

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oxyfenon

A quaternary ammonium anticholinergic agent with peripheral side effects similar to those of ATROPINE. It is used as an adjunct in the treatment of gastric and duodenal ulcer, and to relieve visceral spasms. The drug has also been used in the form of eye drops for mydriatic effect.
MSH

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ústa – nádory

Tumors or cancer of the MOUTH.
MSH

new abnormal tissue of the mouth that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

A benign or malignant tumor involving the oral cavity and/or the lips.
NCI

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šok hemoragický

Acute hemorrhage or excessive fluid loss resulting in HYPOVOLEMIA.
MSH

hemorrhage decreases the mean systemic filling pressure, therefore decreasing venous return; as a result, the cardiac output falls below normal, and shock ensues.
CSP

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sklerozující cholangitida

Chronic inflammatory disease of the BILIARY TRACT. It is characterized by fibrosis and hardening of the intrahepatic and extrahepatic biliary ductal systems leading to bile duct strictures, CHOLESTASIS, and eventual BILIARY CIRRHOSIS.
MSH

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heptanoáty

Salts and esters of the 7-carbon saturated monocarboxylic acid heptanoic acid.
MSH

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bolest

An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
MSH

unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli and generally received by specialized nerve endings.
CSP

Pain is a feeling triggered in the nervous system. Pain may be sharp or dull. It may come and go, or it may be constant. You may feel pain in one area of your body, such as your back, abdomen or chest or you may feel pain all over, such as when your muscles ache from the flu.

Pain can be helpful in diagnosing a problem. Without pain, you might seriously hurt yourself without knowing it, or you might not realize you have a medical problem that needs treatment. Once you take care of the problem, pain usually goes away. However, sometimes pain goes on for weeks, months or even years. This is called chronic pain. Sometimes chronic pain is due to an ongoing cause, such as cancer or arthritis. Sometimes the cause is unknown.

Fortunately, there are many ways to treat pain. Treatment varies depending on the cause of pain. Pain relievers, acupuncture and sometimes surgery are helpful.


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by the sensation of marked discomfort, distress or agony.
NCI

The sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony, resulting from the stimulation of specialized nerve endings.
NCI

Causing physical or psychological misery, pain or distress.
NCI

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ductus Mülleri

A pair of ducts near the WOLFFIAN DUCTS in a developing embryo. In the male embryo, they degenerate with the appearance of testicular ANTI-MULLERIAN HORMONE. In the absence of anti-mullerian hormone, mullerian ducts give rise to the female reproductive tract, including the OVIDUCTS; UTERUS; CERVIX; and VAGINA.
MSH

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sigma faktor

A protein which is a subunit of RNA polymerase. It effects initiation of specific RNA chains from DNA.
MSH

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estery cholesterolu

Fatty acid esters of cholesterol which constitute about two-thirds of the cholesterol in the plasma. The accumulation of cholesterol esters in the arterial intima is a characteristic feature of atherosclerosis.
MSH

fatty acid esters of cholesterol which constitute about two-thirds of the cholesterol in human plasma; accumulation of cholesterol esters in the arterial intima is a characteristic feature of atherosclerosis.
CSP

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hesperidin

A flavanone glycoside found in CITRUS fruit peels.
MSH

A flavonoid comprised of the flavanone hesperetin and the disaccharide rutinose.
NCI

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pankreas

A nodular organ in the ABDOMEN that contains a mixture of ENDOCRINE GLANDS and EXOCRINE GLANDS. The small endocrine portion consists of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS secreting a number of hormones into the blood stream. The large exocrine portion (EXOCRINE PANCREAS) is a compound acinar gland that secretes several digestive enzymes into the pancreatic ductal system that empties into the DUODENUM.
MSH

Lobular organ the parenchyma of which consists of glandular acini which communicate via a duct system with the duodenum. Examples: There is only one pancreas.
UWDA

mixed exocrine and endocrine gland situated transversely across the posterior abdominal wall in the epigastric and hypochondriac regions; endocrine portion is comprised of the islets of Langerhans, and the exocrine portion is a compound acinar gland that secretes digestive enzymes.
CSP

Having to do with the pancreas.
NCI

A glandular organ located in the abdomen. It makes pancreatic juices, which contain enzymes that aid in digestion, and it produces several hormones, including insulin. The pancreas is surrounded by the stomach, intestines, and other organs.
NCI

Lobular organ the parenchyma of which consists of glandular acini which communicate via a duct system with the duodenum. Examples: There is only one pancreas.
FMA

An organ behind the lower part of the stomach that is the shape of a fish and about the size of a hand. It is a compound gland composed of both exocrine and endocrine tissues. The endocrine pancreas makes insulin so that the body can use glucose (sugar) for energy. The exocrine pancreas makes enzymes that help the body digest food. Spread all over the pancreas are areas called the Islets of Langerhans. The cells in these areas each have a special purpose. The alpha cells make glucagon, which raises the level of glucose in the blood; the beta cells make insulin; the delta cells make somatostatin. There are also PP cells and D1 cells, about which little is known. (NCI)
NCI

An organ behind the lower part of the stomach that is the shape of a fish and about the size of a hand. It is a compound gland composed of both exocrine and endocrine tissues. The endocrine pancreas makes insulin so that the body can use glucose (sugar) for energy. The exocrine pancreas makes enzymes that help the body digest food. Spread all over the pancreas are areas called the Islets of Langerhans. The cells in these areas each have a special purpose. The alpha cells make glucagon, which raises the level of glucose in the blood; the beta cells make insulin; the delta cells make somatostatin. There are also PP cells and D1 cells, about which little is known. (from Diabetes Dictionary: http://www.childrenwithdiabetes.com/dictionary)
NCI

Of or pertaining to the pancreas.
NCI

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svalové proteiny

The protein constituents of muscle, the major ones being ACTINS and MYOSINS. More than a dozen accessory proteins exist including TROPONIN; TROPOMYOSIN; and DYSTROPHIN.
MSH

protein constituents of muscle.
CSP

A special subset of proteins whose roles are directly related to the function of muscle cells. This group is comprised of both short and long filament polypeptides that are primarily involved in movement and muscle contraction and extension. Muscle proteins are also responsible for the conversion of chemical energy into mechanical energy.
NCI

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simethikon

A poly(dimethylsiloxane) which is a polymer of 200-350 units of dimethylsiloxane, along with added silica gel. It is used as an antiflatulent, surfactant, and ointment base.
MSH

A mixture of polydimethylsiloxanes with antifoaming and anti-bloating effects. Simethicone reduces the surface tension of gas bubbles causing them to coalesce into larger bubbles that can be passed more easily by belching or flatulence.
NCI

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chorea

Involuntary, forcible, rapid, jerky movements that may be subtle or become confluent, markedly altering normal patterns of movement. Hypotonia and pendular reflexes are often associated. Conditions which feature recurrent or persistent episodes of chorea as a primary manifestation of disease are referred to as CHOREATIC DISORDERS. Chorea is also a frequent manifestation of BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES.
MSH

ceaseless occurrence of rapid, highly complex jerky movements that appear to be well coordinated but are performed involuntarily.
CSP

A neurological condition affecting the involuntary movements. It is characterized by brief, non-repetitive irregular muscle contractions. It is seen in patients with Huntington`s disease.
NCI

a group of diseases marked by involuntary and jerky movements
CHV

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hexosy

monosaccharide containing six carbon atoms in one molecule.
CSP

A class of monosaccharides with six carbon atoms.
NCI

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pantethein

An intermediate in the pathway of coenzyme A formation in mammalian liver and some microorganisms.
MSH

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Mycobacteriaceae

A family of gram-positive bacteria found in soil and dairy products and as parasites on animals and man. Several are important pathogens.
MSH

A taxonomic family of bacterium in the phylum Actinobacteria that includes the genus Mycobacterium, among others.
NCI

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kůže – absorpce

Uptake of substances through the SKIN.
MSH

to take in or assimilate substances into or across the skin.
CSP

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chromatografie DEAE-celulózová

A type of ion exchange chromatography using diethylaminoethyl cellulose (DEAE-CELLULOSE) as a positively charged resin. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

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histaminasa

A group of enzymes including those oxidizing primary monoamines, diamines, and histamine. They are copper proteins, and, as their action depends on a carbonyl group, they are sensitive to inhibition by semicarbazide. EC 1.4.3.6.
MSH

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Paragonimus

A genus of lung flukes of the family Troglotrematidae infecting humans and animals. This genus consists of several species one of which is PARAGONIMUS WESTERMANI, a common lung fluke in humans.
MSH

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myelitida

Inflammation of the spinal cord. Relatively common etiologies include infections; AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES; SPINAL CORD; and ischemia (see also SPINAL CORD VASCULAR DISEASES). Clinical features generally include weakness, sensory loss, localized pain, incontinence, and other signs of autonomic dysfunction.
MSH

A disorder characterized by inflammation involving the spinal cord. Symptoms include weakness, paresthesia, sensory loss, marked discomfort and incontinence.
NCI

An inflammatory process affecting the spinal cord. Causes include viral infections, autoimmune disorders, vascular disorders, and toxic agents. Symptoms include weakness, paresthesia, sensory loss, pain, and incontinence.
NCI

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Slovinsko

Created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia.
MSH

A country in Central Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Austria and Croatia. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Central Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Austria and Croatia. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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chromozómy lidské, 13-15

The medium-sized, acrocentric human chromosomes, called group D in the human chromosome classification. This group consists of chromosome pairs 13, 14, and 15.
MSH

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Histone H3

Histone H3 is a core subunit of the eukaryotic nucleosome complex. Histones are basic nuclear proteins responsible for the nucleosome structure of chromatin. Repeating nucleosome units contain two molecules each of Histones H2A, H2B, H3, and H4 that form an octamer complex around which approximately 146 base pairs of DNA is wrapped. Linker Histone H1 interacts with DNA between nucleosome units in mediating chromatin compaction into higher order structures. (NCI)
NCI

Arginine rich histone. One of four histones assembled into a nucleosomal core octamer. Various posttranslationally modified forms and variants exist. Combines with histone H4 in a heterotetramer of composition (H3)2(H4)2; one tetramer is incorporated in the nucleosomal octamer.
NCI

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