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oligopeptidy

Peptides composed of between two and twelve amino acids.
MSH

structure formed by the linkage of a small number of amino acids.
CSP

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Eikenella corrodens

Gram-negative bacteria isolated from infections of the respiratory and intestinal tracts and from the buccal cavity, intestinal tract, and urogenital tract. They are probably part of the normal flora of man and animals.
MSH

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram negative, rod shaped bacterium assigned to the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is oxidase positive, catalase, urease and oxidase negative, indole negative and reduces nitrate. E. corrodens is generally classified as a commensal organism of the mouth and upper respiratory tract but may cause disease in patients with cancer.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Eikenella corrodens.
NCI

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pojivová tkáň – nemoci smíšené

A syndrome with overlapping clinical features of systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, polymyositis, and Raynaud`s phenomenon. The disease is differentially characterized by high serum titers of antibodies to ribonuclease-sensitive extractable (saline soluble) nuclear antigen and a “speckled” epidermal nuclear staining pattern on direct immunofluorescence.
MSH

An autoimmune overlap syndrome characterized by the presence of symptoms of systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic scleroderma, and polymyositis.
NCI

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bronchiolitida

Inflammation of the BRONCHIOLES.
MSH

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Sandhoffova nemoc

An autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by an accumulation of G(M2) GANGLIOSIDE in neurons and other tissues. It is caused by mutation in the common beta subunit of HEXOSAMINIDASE A and HEXOSAMINIDASE B. Thus this disease is also known as the O variant since both hexosaminidase A and B are missing. Clinically, it is indistinguishable from TAY-SACHS DISEASE.
MSH

autosomal inherited disease caused by deficiency of the enzymes hexosaminidase A and B which leads to an accumulation of GM2 ganglioside and the sphingolipid globoside in neurons and other organs; clinical manifestations resemble Tay-Sachs disease.
CSP

An autosomal recessive inherited lysosomal storage disorder caused by mutations in the HEXB gene. It is characterized by deficiency of the enzyme hexosaminidase, resulting in the accumulation of gangiosides in the central nervous system and other body tissues. Signs and symptoms include progressive motor and mental deterioration, early blindness, macrocephaly, seizures, and hepatosplenomegaly.
NCI

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hematopoéza

The development and formation of various types of BLOOD CELLS. Hematopoiesis can take place in the BONE MARROW (medullary) or outside the bone marrow (HEMATOPOIESIS, EXTRAMEDULLARY).
MSH

formation and development of blood cells.
CSP

The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the myeloid and lymphoid derived organ/tissue systems of the blood and other parts of the body over time, from formation to the mature structure. The site of hemopoiesis is variable during development, but occurs primarily in bone marrow or kidney in many adult vertebrates. [GOC:dgh, ISBN:0198506732 “Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”]
GO

A process of blood formation and more specifically formation of blood cells that are all derived from hematopoietic stem cells.
NCI

The formation of new blood cells.
NCI

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oogeneze

The process of germ cell development in the female from the primordial germ cells through OOGONIA to the mature haploid ova (OVUM).
MSH

process of germ cell development in the female from the primordial germ cells through oogonia to the mature haploid ova.
CSP

The complete process of formation and maturation of an ovum or female gamete from a primordial female germ cell. Examples of this process are found in Mus musculus and Drosophila melanogaster. [GOC:kmv, GOC:mtg_sensu]
GO

The development of ovum, which are the female germ cells. Oogenesis occurs by meiosis and is essential for the production of mature eggs.
NCI

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elektrodiagnostika

Diagnosis of disease states by recording the spontaneous electrical activity of tissues or organs or by the response to stimulation of electrically excitable tissue.
MSH

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Tenericutes

A taxonomic phylum within kingdom Bacteria consisting of the Mollicutes, a class of intracellular parasitic bacteria without a cell wall.
NCI

A phylum of gram-negative bacteria consisting of cells bounded by a plasma membrane. Its organisms differ from other bacteria in that they are devoid of cell walls. This phylum was formerly the class Mollicutes. Mollicutes is now the sole class in the phylum Tenericutes.
MSH

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pufry

A chemical system that functions to control the levels of specific ions in solution. When the level of hydrogen ion in solution is controlled the system is called a pH buffer.
MSH

chemical system that functions to control the levels of specific ions in solution; when the level of hydrogen ion in solution is controlled the system is called a pH buffer.
CSP

The property of being able to chemically neutralize both acids and bases thereby maintaining the original pH of the solution.
NCI

An ionic compound that resists changes in its pH.
NCI

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kyretáž zubní

Removal of dental plaque and dental calculus from the surface of a tooth, from the surface of a tooth apical to the gingival margin accumulated in periodontal pockets, or from the surface coronal to the gingival margin.
MSH

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hemoglobin A

Normal adult human hemoglobin. The globin moiety consists of two alpha and two beta chains.
MSH

normal adult hemoglobin, composed of 2 alpha and 2 beta chains.
CSP

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chiasma opticum

The X-shaped structure formed by the meeting of the two optic nerves. At the optic chiasm the fibers from the medial part of each retina cross to project to the other side of the brain while the lateral retinal fibers continue on the same side. As a result each half of the brain receives information about the contralateral visual field from both eyes.
MSH

hypothalamic structure formed by the crossing of optic nerve fibers from the medial half of each retina.
CSP

An anatomy term for an X-shaped crossing (for example, of nerves or tendons).
NCI

Nerve trunk which is continuous with right and left optic nerves and right and left optic tracts.
FMA

An anatomic structure formed by the crossing of the two optic nerves under the hypothalamus.
NCI

The place in the brain where some of the optic nerve fibers coming from one eye cross optic nerve fibers from the other eye.
NCI

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elektrický šok

Induction of a stress reaction in experimental subjects by means of an electrical shock; applies to either convulsive or non-convulsive states.
MSH

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monomethylhydrazin

Hydrazine substituted by one methyl group.
MSH

hydrazines substituted by one or more methyl groups.
CSP

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syndrom pálení v ústech

A group of painful oral symptoms associated with a burning or similar sensation. There is usually a significant organic component with a degree of functional overlay; it is not limited to the psychophysiologic group of disorders.
MSH

A condition characterized by a burning or tingling sensation on the lips, tongue, or entire mouth.
NCI

A disorder characterized by a burning or tingling sensation on the lips, tongue or entire mouth.
NCI

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Schizophyllum

A genus of fleshy shelf basidiomycetous fungi, family Schizophyllaceae, order POLYPORALES, growing on woody substrata. It is pathogenic in humans.
MSH

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hemoragická nemoc novorozenců

self-limited hemorrhagic disorder of the first days of life, caused by a deficiency of the vitamin K-dependent blood coagulation factors II, VII, IX, and X.
CSP

Neonatal nasogastric or intracranial hemorrhage caused by vitamin K deficiency.
MSH

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orgánová specificita

Characteristic restricted to a particular organ of the body, such as a cell type, metabolic response or expression of a particular protein or antigen.
MSH

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embryologic

Used with organs, regions, and animal headings for embryologic and fetal development. It is used also with diseases for embryologic factors contributing to postnatal disorders.
MSH

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MOS gene

This gene is involved in signal transduction and the control of meioses.
NCI

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vlákna C

unmyelinated sensory axons in peripheral nerves which carry slow pain responses; attached nociceptors are thought to be activated by a chemical released into the extracellular fluid as a result of tissue damage; widely distributed in deep tissue as well as skin.
CSP

The axon of a dorsal root ganglion cell that are responsive to pain and temperature. C-fibers are small in diameter (0.2-1.5 um) and unmyelinated. [NIF_Subcellular:nlx_subcell_20090210]
GO

Type C fibers are peripheral unmyelinated nerve fibers in which several AXONS are surrounded by a single Schwann cell (SCHWANN CELLS). They constitute more than half of the peripheral sensory nerve fibers as well as all the postganglionic autonomic fibers.
MSH

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sklerodermie lokalizovaná

A chronic disorder, possibly autoimmune, marked by excessive production of collagen which results in hardening and thickening of body tissues. Localized scleroderma typically affects the skin, with formation of patches or lines of thick and unyielding tissue; there can be muscle and underlying tissue involvement as well as occasional joint complications. The affected areas of skin can be restrictive and disfiguring. The shape, depth and location of the affected area is used to classify one of the four types of local scleroderma. An individual can have a combination of localized scleroderma types.
NCI

A term used to describe a variety of localized asymmetrical SKIN thickening that is similar to those of SYSTEMIC SCLERODERMA but without the disease features in the multiple internal organs and BLOOD VESSELS. Lesions may be characterized as patches or plaques (morphea), bands (linear), or nodules.
MSH

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hepatitida

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER.
MSH

inflammation of the liver and liver disease involving degenerative or necrotic alterations of hepatocytes.
CSP

Disease of the liver causing inflammation. Symptoms include an enlarged liver, fever, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and dark urine.
NCI

Your liver helps your body digest food, store energy and remove poisons. Hepatitis is a swelling of the liver that makes it stop working well. It can lead to scarring, called cirrhosis, or to cancer.

Viruses cause most cases of hepatitis. The type of hepatitis is named for the virus that causes it; for example, hepatitis A, hepatitis B or hepatitis C. Drug or alcohol use can also lead to hepatitis. In other cases, your body mistakenly attacks its own tissues. You can help prevent some viral forms by getting a vaccine. Sometimes hepatitis goes away by itself. If it does not, it can be treated with drugs. Sometimes hepatitis lasts a lifetime.

Some people who have hepatitis have no symptoms. Others may have

  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Dark-colored urine and pale bowel movements
  • Stomach pain
  • Jaundice, yellowing of skin and eyes


MEDLINEPLUS

Inflammation of the liver; usually from a viral infection, but sometimes from toxic agents.
NCI

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ornithinkarbamoyltransferasa

A urea cycle enzyme that catalyzes the formation of orthophosphate and L-citrulline (CITRULLINE) from CARBAMOYL PHOSPHATE and L-ornithine (ORNITHINE). Deficiency of this enzyme may be transmitted as an X-linked trait. EC 2.1.3.3.
MSH

Ornithine carbamoyltransferase, mitochondrial (354 aa, ~40 kDa) is encoded by the human OTC gene. This protein plays a role in the metabolism of ornithine.
NCI

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emulze

Colloids formed by the combination of two immiscible liquids such as oil and water. Lipid-in-water emulsions are usually liquid, like milk or lotion. Water-in-lipid emulsions tend to be creams. The formation of emulsions may be aided by amphiphatic molecules that surround one component of the system to form MICELLES.
MSH

stable mixture of two or more immiscible liquids where one liquid, in form of fine droplets or globules, is dispersed in the other.
CSP

A suspension of liqid within another liquid or a dispersion consisting of two or more liquid phases.
NCI

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ústa – nádory

Tumors or cancer of the MOUTH.
MSH

new abnormal tissue of the mouth that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

A benign or malignant tumor involving the oral cavity and/or the lips.
NCI

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blokátory kalciových kanálů

A class of drugs that act by selective inhibition of calcium influx through cell membranes or on the release and binding of calcium in intracellular pools. Since they are inducers of vascular and other smooth muscle relaxation, they are used in the drug therapy of hypertension and cerebrovascular spasms, as myocardial protective agents, and in the relaxation of uterine spasms.
MSH

class of drugs that act by selective inhibition of calcium influx through cell membranes or on the release and binding of calcium in intracellular pools; since they are inducers of vascular and other smooth muscle relaxation, they are used in the drug therapy of hypertension and cerebrovascular spasms, as myocardial protective agents, and in the relaxation of uterine spasms.
CSP

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mazové žlázy – nádory

new abnormal sebaceous gland tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

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heptanoáty

Salts and esters of the 7-carbon saturated monocarboxylic acid heptanoic acid.
MSH

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