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Urbachův-Wietheho syndrom

An autosomal recessive disorder characterized by glassy degenerative thickening (hyalinosis) of SKIN; MUCOSA; and certain VISCERA. This disorder is caused by mutation in the extracellular matrix protein 1 gene (ECM1). Clinical features include hoarseness and skin eruption due to widespread deposition of HYALIN.
MSH

A rare, autosomal recessive metabolic disorder characterized by hoarseness of voice, eyelid beading, skin lesions, and seizures.
NCI

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diftérie

A localized infection of mucous membranes or skin caused by toxigenic strains of CORYNEBACTERIUM DIPHTHERIAE. It is characterized by the presence of a pseudomembrane at the site of infection. DIPHTHERIA TOXIN, produced by C. diphtheriae, can cause myocarditis, polyneuritis, and other systemic toxic effects.
MSH

localized infection of mucous membranes or skin caused by toxigenic strains of Corynebacterium diphtheriae; it is characterized by the presence of a pseudomembrane at the site of infection; diphtheria toxin, produced by C. diphtheriae, can cause myocarditis, polyneuritis, and other systemic toxic effects.
CSP

Diphtheria is a serious bacterial infection. You can catch it from a person who has the infection and coughs or sneezes. It usually affects the nose and throat and causes a bad sore throat, swollen glands, fever and chills. But if it is not properly diagnosed and treated it produces a poison in the body that can cause serious complications such as heart failure or paralysis.

The diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus (DPT) vaccine can prevent diphtheria, but its protection does not last forever. Adults should get another dose, or booster, every 10 years. Diphtheria is very rare in the United States because of the vaccine.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


MEDLINEPLUS

A Gram-positive bacterial infection caused by Corynebacterium diphtheria. It usually involves the oral cavity, pharynx, and nasal cavity. Patients develop pseudomembranes in the affected areas and manifest signs and symptoms of an upper respiratory infection. The diphtheria toxin may cause myocarditis, polyneuritis, and other systemic effects.
NCI

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formiáty

caustic acid or its derivatives containing the HCOO- radical.
CSP

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řeč – artikulační testy

Tests of accuracy in pronouncing speech sounds, e.g., Iowa Pressure Articulation Test, Deep Test of Articulation, Templin-Darley Tests of Articulation, Goldman-Fristoe Test of Articulation, Screening Speech Articulation Test, Arizona Articulation Proficiency Scale.
MSH

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berylióza

A form of pneumoconiosis caused by inhaled rare metal BERYLLIUM or its soluble salts which are used in a wide variety of industry including alloys, ceramics, radiographic equipment, and vacuum tubes. Berylliosis is characterized by an acute inflammatory reaction in the upper airway leading to BRONCHIOLITIS; PULMONARY EDEMA; and pneumonia.
MSH

lung disease caused by exposure to metallic beryllium or its soluble salts.
CSP

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peptidy – faktory zahájení

Protein factors uniquely required during the initiation phase of protein synthesis in GENETIC TRANSLATION.
MSH

One of several soluble proteins involved in the initiation of protein or RNA synthesis. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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lithium

An element in the alkali metals family. It has the atomic symbol Li, atomic number 3, and atomic weight [6.938; 6.997]. Salts of lithium are used in treating BIPOLAR DISORDER.
MSH

white metal, symbol Li, atomic number 3; lithium salts are used in treating the manic phase of bipolar disorder.
CSP

A monovalent cation that is metabolized much like sodium and is important in many cellular functions inside or on the surface of cells.
NCI

An element with atomic symbol Li, atomic number 3, and atomic weight 6.941.
NCI

A soft metal. Lithium salts are used to treat certain mental disorders, especially bipolar (manic depressive) disorder. Lithium salts include lithium carbonate and lithium citrate.
NCI

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diskriminační učení

learning that is manifested in the ability to respond differentially to various stimuli.
CSP

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fraktury nespojené

A fracture in which union fails to occur, the ends of the bone becoming rounded and eburnated, and a false joint occurs. (Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

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spermidin

A polyamine formed from putrescine. It is found in almost all tissues in association with nucleic acids. It is found as a cation at all pH values, and is thought to help stabilize some membranes and nucleic acid structures. It is a precursor of spermine.
MSH

polyamine found in most tissues in association with nucleic acids; formed from putrescine and a precursor of spermine.
CSP

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dispozice (epidemiologie)

Any deviation of results or inferences from the truth, or processes leading to such deviation. Bias can result from several sources: one-sided or systematic variations in measurement from the true value (systematic error); flaws in study design; deviation of inferences, interpretations, or analyses based on flawed data or data collection; etc. There is no sense of prejudice or subjectivity implied in the assessment of bias under these conditions.
MSH

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perianální žlázy

A large apocrine gland located in the area surrounding the anal orifice.
NCI

A gland located in the area around the anus.
NCI

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Nephropidae

Family of large marine CRUSTACEA, in the order DECAPODA. These are called clawed lobsters because they bear pincers on the first three pairs of legs. The American lobster and Cape lobster in the genus Homarus are commonly used for food.
MSH

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dithionit

Dithionite. The dithionous acid ion and its salts.
MSH

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fruktany

Polysaccharides composed of D-fructose units.
MSH

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Spinal meninges

Connective tissue membranes that surround and support the spinal cord and cauda equina. They are continuous with cranial meninges, which surround and support the brain.
NCI

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bilirubin

A bile pigment that is a degradation product of HEME.
MSH

bile pigment that is a degradation product of heme.
CSP

Substance formed when red blood cells are broken down. Bilirubin is part of the bile, which is made in the liver and is stored in the gallbladder. The abnormal buildup of bilirubin causes jaundice.
NCI

A dark orange, yellow pigment that is the product of the breakdown of iron in the blood; it is conjugated in the liver and excreted in the bile.
NCI

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periodontální vaz

The fibrous CONNECTIVE TISSUE surrounding the TOOTH ROOT, separating it from and attaching it to the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS).
MSH

Skeletal ligament (organ) that connects a tooth to the maxilla or mandible.
FMA

The fibrous connective tissue surrounding the root of a tooth that separates it from and attaches it to the alveolar bone.
NCI

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dolní část těla – negativní tlak

External decompression applied to the lower body. It is used to study orthostatic intolerance and the effects of gravitation and acceleration, to produce simulated hemorrhage in physiologic research, to assess cardiovascular function, and to reduce abdominal stress during childbirth.
MSH

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deoxyribodipyrimidinfotolyasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the reactivation by light of UV-irradiated DNA. It breaks two carbon-carbon bonds in PYRIMIDINE DIMERS in DNA.
MSH

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hrudník vpáčený

A developmental anomaly in which the lower sternum is posteriorly dislocated and concavely deformed, resulting in a funnel-shaped thorax.
MSH

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arteria lienalis

The largest branch of the celiac trunk with distribution to the spleen, pancreas, stomach and greater omentum.
MSH

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biologická odpověď – modifikátory

a diversity of reagents employed for nonspecific active immunization; used to enhance the immune response; 4 major groups: bacterial products, synthetic molecules, cytokines, and hormones.
CSP

Substances that enhance, restore or alter the host`s immune system. Immunomodulating agents can be preventive or therapeutic and can suppress or activate the immune system, either directly or indirectly. For cancer treatment purposes, immunomodulating agents can be used to prevent or inhibit tumorigenesis. Examples of immunomodulators include, but are not limited to, cytokines, monoclonal antibodies and vaccines.
NCI

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peroxidasy

category heading term also another name for EC 1.11.1.7, MYELOPEROXIDASE, do not confuse.
CSP

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lupus vulgaris

A form of cutaneous tuberculosis. It is seen predominantly in women and typically involves the NASAL MUCOSA; BUCCAL MUCOSA; and conjunctival mucosa.
MSH

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dolichol

Eicosamethyl octacontanonadecasen-1-o1. Polyprenol found in animal tissues that contains about 20 isoprene residues, the one carrying the alcohol group being saturated.
MSH

20-unit isoprenoid found in eukaryotes; serves as membrane anchor for oligosaccharide assembly in rough endoplasmic reticulum during protein glycosylation.
CSP

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galaktokinasa

An enzyme that catalyzes reversibly the formation of galactose 1-phosphate and ADP from ATP and D-galactose. Galactosamine can also act as the acceptor. A deficiency of this enzyme results in GALACTOSEMIA. EC 2.7.1.6.
MSH

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virus SSPE

A defective variant of MEASLES VIRUS that has been isolated from the brain tissue of patients with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis.
MSH

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deprese bipolární

severe disorder characterized by one or more manic episodes; although diagnosis does not require a major depressive episode, virtually all cases eventually develop one.
CSP

The depressive stage of bipolar disorder.
NCI

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Pestivirus

A genus of FLAVIVIRIDAE, also known as mucosal disease virus group, which is not arthropod-borne. Transmission is by direct and indirect contact, and by transplacental and congenital transmission. Species include BORDER DISEASE VIRUS, bovine viral diarrhea virus (DIARRHEA VIRUS, BOVINE VIRAL), and CLASSICAL SWINE FEVER VIRUS.
MSH

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