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Cytophagaceae

A family of gram-negative, gliding bacteria in the order Cytophagales, class Cytophagia. They are found in SOIL and SEA WATER.
MSH

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Apgarové skóre

A method, developed by Dr. Virginia Apgar, to evaluate a newborn`s adjustment to extrauterine life. Five items – heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, reflex irritability, and color – are evaluated 60 seconds after birth and again five minutes later on a scale from 0-2, 0 being the lowest, 2 being normal. The five numbers are added for the Apgar score. A score of 0-3 represents severe distress, 4-7 indicates moderate distress, and a score of 7-10 predicts an absence of difficulty in adjusting to extrauterine life.
MSH

The numerical sum between zero and ten that is computed from individual values of zero to two that are assigned to five different areas of interest in newborn screenings. These areas are breathing, muscle tone, pulse rate, reflex irritability and skin color.
NCI

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Aloe

A plant genus of the family Aloeaceae, order Liliales (or Asphodelaceae, Asparagales in APG system) which is used medicinally. It contains anthraquinone glycosides such as aloin-emodin or aloe-emodin (EMODIN).
MSH

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Rana pipiens

A highly variable species of the family Ranidae in Canada, the United States and Central America. It is the most widely used Anuran in biomedical research.
MSH

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infračervené paprsky

That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum usually sensed as heat. Infrared wavelengths are longer than those of visible light, extending into the microwave frequencies. They are used therapeutically as heat, and also to warm food in restaurants.
MSH

electromagnetic radiation at wavelengths longer than the red end of visible light and shorter than microwaves (roughly between 1 and 100 microns); infrared is usually divided into 3 spectral regions, near, mid and far-infrared.
CSP

Electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths between 750 nanometers and 1 millimeter, between those of visible light and microwaves. This portion of the electromagnetic spectrum can usually be sensed as heat.
NCI

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adaptace na tmu

Adjustment of the eyes under conditions of low light. The sensitivity of the eye to light is increased during dark adaptation.
MSH

adaptation of the eye to vision in the dark or in reduced illumination (night vision), with build-up of rhodopsin in the retinal rods; called also scotopic adaptation.
CSP

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Malus

A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE, order Rosales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known as a source of the edible fruit (apple) and is cultivated in temperate climates worldwide.
MSH

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alprostadil

A potent vasodilator agent that increases peripheral blood flow.
MSH

The naturally occuring prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) which displays a variety of pharmacologic actions. Alprostadil is a potent vasodilator agent that increases peripheral blood flow, inhibits platelet aggregation, and induces bronchodilation. Used in the treatment of erectile dysfunction, this agent produces corporal smooth muscle relaxation by binding to PGE receptors, resulting in the activation of adenylate cyclase and the subsequent accumulation of 3`5`-cAMP. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=360459&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=360459&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C28816″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A drug that is used to treat impotence (inability to have an erection) and is being studied in the treatment of sexual problems in men who have had surgery for prostate cancer. It is a type of vasodilator.
NCI

The naturally occuring prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) which displays a variety of pharmacologic actions. Alprostadil is a potent vasodilator agent that increases peripheral blood flow, inhibits platelet aggregation, and induces bronchodilation. Used in the treatment of erectile dysfunction, this agent produces corporal smooth muscle relaxation by binding to PGE receptors, resulting in the activation of adenylate cyclase and the subsequent accumulation of 3`5`-cAMP.
NCI

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Rauwolfia

A plant genus of the APOCYNACEAE or dogbane family. Alkaloids from plants in this genus have been used as tranquilizers and antihypertensive agents. RESERPINE is derived from R. serpentina.
MSH

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anorganické látky

A broad class of substances encompassing all those that do not include carbon and its derivatives as their principal elements. However, carbides, carbonates, cyanides, cyanates, and carbon disulfide are included in this class.
MSH

A broad class of substances, principally from mineral sources of non-biological origin, encompassing all those that do not include carbon and its derivatives as their principal elements.
NCI

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zpomalení

A decrease in the rate of speed.
MSH

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arachnoidea

A delicate membrane enveloping the brain and spinal cord. It lies between the PIA MATER and the DURA MATER. It is separated from the pia mater by the subarachnoid cavity which is filled with CEREBROSPINAL FLUID.
MSH

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ambulantní péče – informační systémy

Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of ambulatory care services and facilities.
MSH

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receptory dopaminové

Cell-surface proteins that bind dopamine with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes influencing the behavior of cells.
MSH

family of G protein-coupled receptors of two general classes: D1 (- A, -B) stimulation increases intracellular cAMP, whereas D2, D3, or D4 stimulation decreases cAMP, increases K+ flux, or decreases Ca++ flux.
CSP

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instilace léků

The administration of therapeutic agents drop by drop, as eye drops, ear drops, or nose drops. It is also administered into a body space or cavity through a catheter. It differs from THERAPEUTIC IRRIGATION in that the irrigate is removed within minutes, but the instillate is left in place.
MSH

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DESHIDRATAZIOA

The condition that results from excessive loss of water from a living organism.
MSH

condition that results from excessive loss of water from a living organism.
CSP

A condition caused by the loss of too much water from the body. Severe diarrhea or vomiting can cause dehydration.
NCI

A disorder characterized by excessive loss of water from the body. It is usually caused by severe diarrhea, vomiting or diaphoresis.
NCI

A condition resulting from the excessive loss of water from the body. It is usually caused by severe diarrhea, vomiting or diaphoresis.
NCI

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kosti horní končetiny

The bones of the upper and lower ARM. They include the CLAVICLE and SCAPULA.
MSH

A bone of the arm (upper extremity).
NCI

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amilorid

A pyrazine compound inhibiting SODIUM reabsorption through SODIUM CHANNELS in renal EPITHELIAL CELLS. This inhibition creates a negative potential in the luminal membranes of principal cells, located in the distal convoluted tubule and collecting duct. Negative potential reduces secretion of potassium and hydrogen ions. Amiloride is used in conjunction with DIURETICS to spare POTASSIUM loss. (From Gilman et al., Goodman and Gilman`s The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 9th ed, p705)
MSH

pyrazine compound inhibiting sodium reabsorbtion through sodium channels in renal epithelial cells; used in conjunction with diuretics to spare potassium loss.
CSP

A synthetic pyrazine derivative with antikaliuretic and diuretic properties. Amiloride inhibits sodium channels located in the distal tubules and collecting ducts of the kidney, thereby preventing the absorption of sodium and increasing its excretion along with water, to produce naturesis. In response to the hypernatremic conditions in the kidney, the plasma membrane becomes hyperpolarized and electrochemical forces are reduced, which then prevents the excretion of potassium and hydrogen into the lumen.
NCI

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purinergní receptory

any molecular receptor for adenine, guanine, or other purine, or their nucleosides or nucleotides, including cyclic nucleotides other than cAMP (see NT); adenine and ATP are important neurotransmitters, so their receptors are found in neural synapses, among other sites.
CSP

Cell surface proteins that bind purines with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes which influence the behavior of cells. The best characterized classes of purinergic receptors in mammals are the P1 receptors, which prefer adenosine, and the P2 receptors, which prefer ATP or ADP.
NCI

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nemocenské pojištění – dávky

Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)
MSH

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demografie

Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
MSH

The statistical characterization of human populations or segments of human populations (e.g., characterization by age, sex, race, or income).
NCI

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přechodná horečka dobytka

An Ephemerovirus infection of cattle caused by bovine ephemeral fever virus (EPHEMERAL FEVER VIRUS, BOVINE). It is characterized by respiratory symptoms, increased oropharyngeal secretions and lacrimation, joint pains, tremor, and stiffness.
MSH

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artralgie

Pain in the joint.
MSH

Pain in a joint.
NCI

A disorder characterized by a sensation of marked discomfort in a joint.
NCI

Pain in a joint.
NCI

Joint pain.
NCI

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aminoimidazolkarboxamid

An imidazole derivative which is a metabolite of the antineoplastic agents BIC and DIC. By itself, or as the ribonucleotide, it is used as a condensation agent in the preparation of nucleosides and nucleotides. Compounded with orotic acid, it is used to treat liver diseases.
MSH

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erytrocyty – aplazie čistá

Suppression of erythropoiesis with little or no abnormality of leukocyte or platelet production.
MSH

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vnitřní vybavení a bytové zařízení

The planning of the furnishings and decorations of an architectural interior.
MSH

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zubní sklovina – permeabilita

The property of dental enamel to permit passage of light, heat, gases, liquids, metabolites, mineral ions and other substances. It does not include the penetration of the dental enamel by microorganisms.
MSH

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epifýzy

Subdivision of long bone which forms its expanded proximal or distal articular end; together with other the subdivisions of long bone, it constitutes the long bone. Examples: proximal epiphysis of humerus, distal epiphysis of femur.
UWDA

The head of a long bone that is separated from the shaft by the epiphyseal plate until bone growth stops. At that time, the plate disappears and the head and shaft are united.
MSH

head of a long bone that is separated from the shaft by the epiphyseal plate until bone growth stops; at that time, the plate disappears and the head and shaft are united.
CSP

Subdivision of long bone which forms its expanded proximal or distal articular end; together with other the subdivisions of long bone, it constitutes the long bone. Examples: proximal epiphysis of humerus, distal epiphysis of femur.
FMA

The round end of the long bones.
NCI

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askariáza

Infection by nematodes of the genus ASCARIS. Ingestion of infective eggs causes diarrhea and pneumonitis. Its distribution is more prevalent in areas of poor sanitation and where human feces are used for fertilizer.
MSH

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plodová voda

A clear, yellowish liquid that envelopes the FETUS inside the sac of AMNION. In the first trimester, it is likely a transudate of maternal or fetal plasma. In the second trimester, amniotic fluid derives primarily from fetal lung and kidney. Cells or substances in this fluid can be removed for prenatal diagnostic tests (AMNIOCENTESIS).
MSH

amniotic cavity fluid which is produced by the amnion and fetal lungs and kidneys.
CSP

The fluid within the amniotic cavity which surrounds and protects the developing embryo. (NCI)
NCI

waters
CHV

The fluid within the amniotic cavity which surrounds and protects the developing embryo. It is initially produced by the amnion and then later by the lungs and kidneys. The amount at term normally varies from 500 to 2000 ml.
NCI

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