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puerperium – poruchy

Disorders or diseases associated with PUERPERIUM, the six-to-eight-week period immediately after PARTURITION in humans.
MSH

disorders occurring to the mother in the period immediately following delivery.
CSP

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mastitida

INFLAMMATION of the BREAST, or MAMMARY GLAND.
MSH

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bakteriociny – plazmidy

Plasmids encoding bacterial exotoxins (BACTERIOCINS).
MSH

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gibereliny

A class of plant growth hormone isolated from cultures of Gibberella fujikuroi, a fungus causing Bakanae disease in rice. There are many different members of the family as well as mixtures of multiple members; all are diterpenoid acids based on the gibberellane skeleton.
MSH

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aplikace orální

The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.
MSH

route of drug or nutrient intake via the mouth.
CSP

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pulpitida

Inflammation of the DENTAL PULP, usually due to bacterial infection in dental caries, tooth fracture, or other conditions causing exposure of the pulp to bacterial invasion. Chemical irritants, thermal factors, hyperemic changes, and other factors may also cause pulpitis.
MSH

Inflammation of the dental pulp.
NCI

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sinus maxillaris

The air space located in the body of the MAXILLARY BONE near each cheek. Each maxillary sinus communicates with the middle passage (meatus) of the NASAL CAVITY on the same side.
MSH

A pyramidal-shaped, thin-walled, air-filled cavity located in the maxilla. It is lined by mucus membrane and periosteum (mucoperiosteum) which contains cilia. It is adjacent to the nasal cavity and communicates with the middle meatus of the nose. It is the largest paranasal sinus and is composed of three recesses: alveolar, zygomatic, and infraorbital. (NCI)
NCI

A type of paranasal sinus (a hollow space in the bones around the nose). There are two large maxillary sinuses, one in each of the maxillary bones, which are in the cheek area next to the nose. The maxillary sinuses are lined with cells that make mucus to keep the nose from drying out.
NCI

A pyramidal-shaped, thin-walled, air-filled cavity located in the maxilla. It is lined by mucus membrane and periosteum (mucoperiosteum) which contains cilia. It is adjacent to the nasal cavity and communicates with the middle meatus of the nose. It is the largest paranasal sinus and is composed of three recesses: alveolar, zygomatic, and infraorbital.
NCI

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kolon

The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the RECTUM. It includes the ASCENDING COLON; the TRANSVERSE COLON; the DESCENDING COLON; and the SIGMOID COLON.
MSH

part of the large intestine that extends from the cecum to the rectum.
CSP

The longest part of the large intestine, which is a tube-like organ connected to the small intestine at one end and the anus at the other. The colon removes water and some nutrients and electrolytes from partially digested food. The remaining material, solid waste called stool, moves through the colon to the rectum and leaves the body through the anus.
NCI

The part of the large intestine measured from the cecum to the rectum consisting of ascending, transverse, descending and sigmoid portions. The purpose of the colon is to remove water from digested food prior to excretion. (NCI)
NCI

The part of the large intestine measured from the cecum to the rectum consisting of ascending, transverse, descending and sigmoid portions. The purpose of the colon is to remove water from digested food prior to excretion.
NCI

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gliklazid

An oral sulfonylurea hypoglycemic agent which stimulates insulin secretion.
MSH

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adrenergní látky

Drugs that act on adrenergic receptors or affect the life cycle of adrenergic transmitters. Included here are adrenergic agonists and antagonists and agents that affect the synthesis, storage, uptake, metabolism, or release of adrenergic transmitters.
MSH

drugs that selectively bind to and activate adrenergic receptors or mimic the actions of adrenergic transmitters; for adrenergic antagonists, see ANTIADRENERGIC AGENT.
CSP

Refer to a class of agents that acts upon adrenergic receptors associated with activities of Sympathetic Nerve System. The adrenergic receptors (adrenoceptors) belongs to the family of seven membrane spanning domain receptors that require G protein signaling pathway. (NCI04)
NCI

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putrescin

A toxic diamine formed by putrefaction from the decarboxylation of arginine and ornithine.
MSH

diamine formed by decarboxylation of arginine and ornithine; a precursor of spermidine.
CSP

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medazepam

A benzodiazepine derivative used in the treatment of anxiety. It has sedative, muscle relaxant, and anticonvulsant properties. One of its metabolites is DIAZEPAM and one of its excretion products is OXAZEPAM.
MSH

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zodpovědnost duševně nemocného

Legal process required for the institutionalization of a patient with severe mental problems.
MSH

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glukokortikoidy

A group of CORTICOSTEROIDS that affect carbohydrate metabolism (GLUCONEOGENESIS, liver glycogen deposition, elevation of BLOOD SUGAR), inhibit ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE secretion, and possess pronounced anti-inflammatory activity. They also play a role in fat and protein metabolism, maintenance of arterial blood pressure, alteration of the connective tissue response to injury, reduction in the number of circulating lymphocytes, and functioning of the central nervous system.
MSH

group of corticosteroids that affect carbohydrate metabolism, inhibit corticotropin secretion, and possess pronounced anti-inflammatory activity; they also play a role in fat and protein metabolism, maintenance of arterial blood pressure, alteration of the connective tissue response to injury, reduction in the number of circulating lymphocytes, and functioning of the central nervous system.
CSP

A compound that belongs to the family of compounds called corticosteroids (steroids). Glucocorticoids affect metabolism and have anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive effects. They may be naturally produced (hormones) or synthetic (drugs).
NCI

A group of corticosteroids that affect carbohydrate metabolism (gluconeogenesis, liver glycogen deposition, elevation of blood sugar), inhibit corticotropin secretion, and possess pronounced anti-inflammatory activity. They also play a role in fat and protein metabolism, maintenance of arterial blood pressure, alteration of the connective tissue response to injury, reduction in the number of circulating lymphocytes, and functioning of the central nervous system. (MSH2002_06_01)
NCI

Synthetically derived forms of the naturally occurring Glucocorticoids.
NCI

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HUNKIOR PSIKOSIA

Disorders in which the essential feature is a severe disturbance in mood (depression, anxiety, elation, and excitement) accompanied by psychotic symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, gross impairment in reality testing, etc.
MSH

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pyridoxalkinasa

An enzyme that catalyzes reversibly the phosphorylation of pyridoxal in the presence of ATP with the formation of pyridoxal 5-phosphate and ADP. Pyridoxine, pyridoxamine and various derivatives can also act as acceptors. EC 2.7.1.35.
MSH

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sekretářky ve zdravotnictví

Individuals responsible for various duties pertaining to the medical office routine.
MSH

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srovnávací studie

Comparison of outcomes, results, responses, etc for different techniques, therapeutic approaches or other inputs.
MSH

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glutaminasa

Encoded by human GA Gene, the 602-amino acid 66 kD (precursor) Glutaminase (GA Family) has a putative N-terminal mitochondrial import presequence. Expressed in liver, brain, and pancreas, but not in kidney, heart, skeletal muscle, lung, or placenta, GA protein shares 94% and 72% sequence identity with rat liver and kidney glutaminases, respectively. Containing two ankyrin repeats, human glutaminase is most similar to rat liver-type glutaminase, but is not liver specific. Involved in regulation of glutamine catabolism, mitochondrial glutaminase converts L-glutamine to L-glutamate and NH3. Glutaminase expression and activity depend on the cell proliferation state with highest levels at the beginning of the exponential growth phase. (NCI)
NCI

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ageuzie

Complete or severe loss of the subjective sense of taste, frequently accompanied by OLFACTION DISORDERS.
MSH

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pyruvátkarboxylasa – nedostatek

An autosomal recessive metabolic disorder caused by absent or decreased PYRUVATE CARBOXYLASE activity, the enzyme that regulates gluconeogenesis, lipogenesis, and neurotransmitter synthesis. Clinical manifestations include lactic acidosis, seizures, respiratory distress, marked psychomotor delay, periodic HYPOGLYCEMIA, and hypotonia. The clinical course may be similar to LEIGH DISEASE. (From Am J Hum Genet 1998 Jun;62(6):1312-9)
MSH

A rare autosomal recessive inherited metabolic disorder caused by mutations in the PC gene. It results in the accumulation of lactic acid and other toxic substances in the blood. Signs and symptoms appear early in life and include failure to thrive, mental and growth retardation, motor disturbances, seizures, and lactic acidosis.
NCI

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meglumin

1-Deoxy-1-(methylamino)-D-glucitol. A derivative of sorbitol in which the hydroxyl group in position 1 is replaced by a methylamino group. Often used in conjunction with iodinated organic compounds as contrast medium.
MSH

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komplement – fixační testy

Serologic tests based on inactivation of complement by the antigen-antibody complex (stage 1). Binding of free complement can be visualized by addition of a second antigen-antibody system such as red cells and appropriate red cell antibody (hemolysin) requiring complement for its completion (stage 2). Failure of the red cells to lyse indicates that a specific antigen-antibody reaction has taken place in stage 1. If red cells lyse, free complement is present indicating no antigen-antibody reaction occurred in stage 1.
MSH

serologic tests based on inactivation of complement by the antigen-antibody complex (stage 1); binding of free complement can be visualized by addition of a second antigen-antibody system such as red cells and appropriate red cell antibody (hemolysin) requiring complement for its completion (stage 2); failure of the red cells to lyse indicates that a specific antigen-antibody reaction has taken place in stage 1; if red cells lyse, free complement is present indicating no antigen-antibody reaction occurred in stage 1.
CSP

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glykogenóza

A group of inherited metabolic disorders involving the enzymes responsible for the synthesis and degradation of glycogen. In some patients, prominent liver involvement is presented. In others, more generalized storage of glycogen occurs, sometimes with prominent cardiac involvement.
MSH

any of a group of metabolic disorders characterized by excessive storage of glycogen.
CSP

An inherited metabolic disorder characterized either by defects in glycogen synthesis or defects in the breaking down of glycogen. It results either in the creation of abnormal forms of glycogen or accumulation of glycogen in the tissues.
NCI

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tlak vzduchu

The force per unit area that the air exerts on any surface in contact with it. Primarily used for articles pertaining to air pressure within a closed environment.
MSH

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chinakrinová hořčice

Nitrogen mustard analog of quinacrine used primarily as a stain in the studies of chromosomes and chromatin. Fluoresces by reaction with nucleic acids in chromosomes.
MSH

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membránové proteiny

Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.
MSH

proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes; consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins; includes most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors; note that individual membrane proteins have not been exhaustively treed under this term.
CSP

Proteins that are physically associated with the membrane. This class of proteins resides in cellular or intracellular membranes. The physical association of each protein is divided into two classes: integral and peripheral.
NCI

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konkanavalin A

A MANNOSE/GLUCOSE binding lectin isolated from the jack bean (Canavalia ensiformis). It is a potent mitogen used to stimulate cell proliferation in lymphocytes, primarily T-lymphocyte, cultures.
MSH

mannose/glucose binding lectin isolated from the jack bean (Canavalia ensiformis); potent mitogen used to stimulate cell proliferation in lymphocytes, primarily T-lymphocyte, cultures.
CSP

A mannose-binding lectin originally isolated from jack-bean, Canavalia ensiformis. Concanavalin A is a potent lymphocyte mitogen and a stimulator of matrix metalloproteinases, thereby exhibiting immunostimulatory effects. It is used in the characterization and purification of glycoproteins.
NCI

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glycylglycin

The simplest of all peptides. It functions as a gamma-glutamyl acceptor.
MSH

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methanol

A colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of FORMALDEHYDE and ACETIC ACID, in chemical synthesis, antifreeze, and as a solvent. Ingestion of methanol is toxic and may cause blindness.
MSH

colorless, flammable liquid, CH3OH; an alcohol used in chemical synthesis, in antifreeze, and as a solvent; ingestion of methanol is toxic and may cause blindness.
CSP

Used as a solvent and as an intermediate in chemical synthesis. Component of deicing mixtures and preservatives. Toxic.
NCI

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