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Eikenella corrodens

Gram-negative bacteria isolated from infections of the respiratory and intestinal tracts and from the buccal cavity, intestinal tract, and urogenital tract. They are probably part of the normal flora of man and animals.
MSH

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram negative, rod shaped bacterium assigned to the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is oxidase positive, catalase, urease and oxidase negative, indole negative and reduces nitrate. E. corrodens is generally classified as a commensal organism of the mouth and upper respiratory tract but may cause disease in patients with cancer.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Eikenella corrodens.
NCI

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bronchiolitida

Inflammation of the BRONCHIOLES.
MSH

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rtuť – isotopy

Stable mercury atoms that have the same atomic number as the element mercury, but differ in atomic weight. Hg-196, 198-201, and 204 are stable mercury isotopes.
MSH

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stresové poruchy traumatické

Anxiety disorders manifested by the development of characteristic symptoms following a psychologically traumatic event that is outside the normal range of usual human experience. Symptoms include re-experiencing the traumatic event, increased arousal, and numbing of responsiveness to or reduced involvement with the external world. Traumatic stress disorders can be further classified by the time of onset and the duration of these symptoms.
MSH

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granulocyty

Leukocytes with abundant granules in the cytoplasm. They are divided into three groups according to the staining properties of the granules: neutrophilic, eosinophilic, and basophilic. Mature granulocytes are the NEUTROPHILS; EOSINOPHILS; and BASOPHILS.
MSH

leukocytes with abundant neutrophilic, eosinophilic or basophilic granules in the cytoplasm; mature granulocytes are the neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils.
CSP

A type of immune cell that has granules (small particles) with enzymes that are released during infections, allergic reactions, and asthma. Neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils are granulocytes. A granulocyte is a type of white blood cell.
NCI

A leucocyte with conspicuous cytoplasmic granules. In humans the granulocytes are also classified as polymorphonuclear leucocytes and are subdivided according to the staining properties of the granules into eosinophils, basophils and neutrophils. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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fosfamidon

An organophosphate cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an insecticide.
MSH

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elektrodiagnostika

Diagnosis of disease states by recording the spontaneous electrical activity of tissues or organs or by the response to stimulation of electrically excitable tissue.
MSH

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pufry

A chemical system that functions to control the levels of specific ions in solution. When the level of hydrogen ion in solution is controlled the system is called a pH buffer.
MSH

chemical system that functions to control the levels of specific ions in solution; when the level of hydrogen ion in solution is controlled the system is called a pH buffer.
CSP

The property of being able to chemically neutralize both acids and bases thereby maintaining the original pH of the solution.
NCI

An ionic compound that resists changes in its pH.
NCI

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metabolismus

The chemical reactions that occur within the cells, tissues, or an organism. These processes include both the biosynthesis (ANABOLISM) and the breakdown (CATABOLISM) of organic materials utilized by the living organism.
MSH

sum of chemical changes that occur within the tissues of an organism consisting of anabolism (biosynthesis) and catabolism; the buildup and breakdown of molecules for utilization by the organism.
CSP

The chemical changes that take place in a cell or an organism. These changes make energy and the materials cells and organisms need to grow, reproduce, and stay healthy. Metabolism also helps get rid of toxic substances.
NCI

The chemical reactions and pathways, including anabolism and catabolism, by which living organisms transform chemical substances. Metabolic processes typically transform small molecules, but also include macromolecular processes such as DNA repair and replication, and protein synthesis and degradation. [GOC:go_curators, ISBN:0198547684]
GO

All the reactions in an organism concerned with storing and generating metabolic energy and with the biosynthesis of low-molecular weight compounds, energy-storage compounds, and basic materials needed for important life processes. It does not include nucleic acid and protein synthesis.
NCI

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epidemiologický výzkum – projekt

The form and structure of analytic studies in epidemiologic and clinical research.
MSH

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skupinové procesy

The procedures through which a group approaches, attacks, and solves a common problem.
MSH

procedures by which a group of individuals approach and solve their common objectives.
CSP

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fosfolipasa D

An enzyme found mostly in plant tissue. It hydrolyzes glycerophosphatidates with the formation of a phosphatidic acid and a nitrogenous base such as choline. This enzyme also catalyzes transphosphatidylation reactions. EC 3.1.4.4.
MSH

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elektrický šok

Induction of a stress reaction in experimental subjects by means of an electrical shock; applies to either convulsive or non-convulsive states.
MSH

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syndrom pálení v ústech

A group of painful oral symptoms associated with a burning or similar sensation. There is usually a significant organic component with a degree of functional overlay; it is not limited to the psychophysiologic group of disorders.
MSH

A condition characterized by a burning or tingling sensation on the lips, tongue, or entire mouth.
NCI

A disorder characterized by a burning or tingling sensation on the lips, tongue or entire mouth.
NCI

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methacholinové sloučeniny

A group of compounds that are derivatives of beta-methylacetylcholine (methacholine).
MSH

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substance P

An eleven-amino acid neurotransmitter that appears in both the central and peripheral nervous systems. It is involved in transmission of PAIN, causes rapid contractions of the gastrointestinal smooth muscle, and modulates inflammatory and immune responses.
MSH

neuropeptide composed of 11 amino acids, present in nerve cells scattered throughout the body and in special endocrine cells in the gut; increases the contractions of gastrointestinal smooth muscle, causes vasodilation, and appears to be a sensory neurotransmitter mediating pain, touch, and temperature.
CSP

An eleven-amino acid neurotransmitter that appears in both the central and peripheral nervous systems. It is involved in transmission of pain, causes rapid contractions of the gastrointestinal smooth muscle, and modulates inflammatory and immune responses.
NCI

Encoded by human TAC1 Gene (Tachykinin Family) as alternative alpha, beta, delta, and gamma isoforms, Preprotachykinin 1 generates by proteolytic processing the secreted tachykinins: Substance P, Substance K, Neurokinin A, Neurokinin 2, Neuromedin L, Neurokinin Alpha, Neuropeptide K, and Neuropeptide Gamma. Tachykinins are amidated neuropeptides/neurotransmitters that share C-terminal Phe-X-Gly-Leu-Met sequence; interact with nerve receptors to excite neurons and evoke behavioral responses; are potent vasodilators and secretagogues; and directly or indirectly contract many smooth muscles. Substance P is produced in nociceptive primary sensory neurons and in many brain regions involved in pain signaling. (NCI)
NCI

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guanosintrifosfát

Guanosine 5`-(tetrahydrogen triphosphate). A guanine nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety.
MSH

guanosine 5`-(tetrahydrogen triphosphate); a guanine nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety.
CSP

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kyselina fosfowolframová

Tungsten hydroxide oxide phosphate. A white or slightly yellowish-green, slightly efflorescent crystal or crystalline powder. It is used as a reagent for alkaloids and many other nitrogen bases, for phenols, albumin, peptone, amino acids, uric acid, urea, blood, and carbohydrates. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

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embryologic

Used with organs, regions, and animal headings for embryologic and fetal development. It is used also with diseases for embryologic factors contributing to postnatal disorders.
MSH

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vlákna C

unmyelinated sensory axons in peripheral nerves which carry slow pain responses; attached nociceptors are thought to be activated by a chemical released into the extracellular fluid as a result of tissue damage; widely distributed in deep tissue as well as skin.
CSP

The axon of a dorsal root ganglion cell that are responsive to pain and temperature. C-fibers are small in diameter (0.2-1.5 um) and unmyelinated. [NIF_Subcellular:nlx_subcell_20090210]
GO

Type C fibers are peripheral unmyelinated nerve fibers in which several AXONS are surrounded by a single Schwann cell (SCHWANN CELLS). They constitute more than half of the peripheral sensory nerve fibers as well as all the postganglionic autonomic fibers.
MSH

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Methods aspects

Used with techniques, procedures, and programs for methods.
MSH

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sulbenicilin

Semisynthetic penicillin-type antibiotic.
MSH

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hemonchiáza

Infection with nematodes of the genus HAEMONCHUS, characterized by digestive abnormalities and anemia similar to that from hookworm infestation.
MSH

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fyzikální vyšetření

Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.
MSH

see:http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/MBrowser.html
AOT

An exam of the body to check for general signs of disease.
NCI

A systemic evaluation of the body and it`s functions using visual inspection, palpation, percussion and auscultation. The purpose is to determine the presence or absence of physical signs of disease or abnormality for an individual`s health assessment.
NCI

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emulze

Colloids formed by the combination of two immiscible liquids such as oil and water. Lipid-in-water emulsions are usually liquid, like milk or lotion. Water-in-lipid emulsions tend to be creams. The formation of emulsions may be aided by amphiphatic molecules that surround one component of the system to form MICELLES.
MSH

stable mixture of two or more immiscible liquids where one liquid, in form of fine droplets or globules, is dispersed in the other.
CSP

A suspension of liqid within another liquid or a dispersion consisting of two or more liquid phases.
NCI

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blokátory kalciových kanálů

A class of drugs that act by selective inhibition of calcium influx through cell membranes or on the release and binding of calcium in intracellular pools. Since they are inducers of vascular and other smooth muscle relaxation, they are used in the drug therapy of hypertension and cerebrovascular spasms, as myocardial protective agents, and in the relaxation of uterine spasms.
MSH

class of drugs that act by selective inhibition of calcium influx through cell membranes or on the release and binding of calcium in intracellular pools; since they are inducers of vascular and other smooth muscle relaxation, they are used in the drug therapy of hypertension and cerebrovascular spasms, as myocardial protective agents, and in the relaxation of uterine spasms.
CSP

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methylhistaminy

Histamine substituted in any position with one or more methyl groups. Many of these are agonists for the H1, H2, or both histamine receptors.
MSH

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sulfinpyrazon

A uricosuric drug that is used to reduce the serum urate levels in gout therapy. It lacks anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and diuretic properties.
MSH

A phenylbutazone derivative with uricosuric and antithrombotic properties. Sulfinpyrazone competitively inhibits reabsorption of urate at the proximal renal tubule in the kidney. This agent acts on the organic anion transport exchanger, thereby increasing uric acid excretion and decreasing serum uric acid levels resulting in the prevention of urate deposition. Sulfinpyrazone also blocks tubular excretion of various acidic drugs, resulting in increased serum concentration of the drugs. In addition, sulfinpyrazone and its active metabolite inhibit the synthesis of thromboxane A2, by competitively inhibiting the activity of cyclooxygenase, thereby preventing platelet aggregation through restoration of platelet survival time to normal, and decreasing platelet adhesiveness to subendothelial cells.
NCI

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hamartom

A focal malformation resembling a neoplasm, composed of an overgrowth of mature cells and tissues that normally occur in the affected area.
MSH

A benign (not cancer) growth made up of an abnormal mixture of cells and tissues normally found in the area of the body where the growth occurs.
NCI

A benign and excessive tumor-like growth of mature cells and normal tissues which grow in a disorganized pattern.
NCI

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fytoplankton

Free-floating minute organisms that are photosynthetic. The term is non-taxonomic and refers to a lifestyle (energy utilization and motility), rather than a particular type of organism. Most, but not all, are unicellular algae. Important groups include DIATOMS; DINOFLAGELLATES; CYANOBACTERIA; CHLOROPHYTA; HAPTOPHYTA; CRYPTOMONADS; and silicoflagellates.
MSH

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