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lineární modely

Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
MSH

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elektrický šok

Induction of a stress reaction in experimental subjects by means of an electrical shock; applies to either convulsive or non-convulsive states.
MSH

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noha – deformity vrozené

Alterations or deviations from normal shape or size which result in a disfigurement of the foot occurring at or before birth.
MSH

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průzkumy

A document used in a method of data collection that involves interviewing (or giving questionnaires to) a representative and often large group of people.
NCI

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syndrom pálení v ústech

A group of painful oral symptoms associated with a burning or similar sensation. There is usually a significant organic component with a degree of functional overlay; it is not limited to the psychophysiologic group of disorders.
MSH

A condition characterized by a burning or tingling sensation on the lips, tongue, or entire mouth.
NCI

A disorder characterized by a burning or tingling sensation on the lips, tongue or entire mouth.
NCI

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rostliny – nádory

A localized proliferation of plant tissue forming a swelling or outgrowth, commonly with a characteristic shape and unlike any organ of the normal plant. Plant tumors or galls usually form in response to the action of a pathogen or a pest. (Holliday, P., A Dictionary of Plant Pathology, 1989, p330)
MSH

disease that affects many species of plants; caused by a bacterium (Agrobacterium tumefaciens) which forms tumorous enlargements just below the ground on the stem.
CSP

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Urbachův-Wietheho syndrom

An autosomal recessive disorder characterized by glassy degenerative thickening (hyalinosis) of SKIN; MUCOSA; and certain VISCERA. This disorder is caused by mutation in the extracellular matrix protein 1 gene (ECM1). Clinical features include hoarseness and skin eruption due to widespread deposition of HYALIN.
MSH

A rare, autosomal recessive metabolic disorder characterized by hoarseness of voice, eyelid beading, skin lesions, and seizures.
NCI

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embryologic

Used with organs, regions, and animal headings for embryologic and fetal development. It is used also with diseases for embryologic factors contributing to postnatal disorders.
MSH

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formiáty

caustic acid or its derivatives containing the HCOO- radical.
CSP

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Zenuwblokkade, sympathische

blocking of the sympathetic trunk by paravertebral infiltration with an anesthetic agent.
CSP

Neural blockade of the sympathetic nerve roots.
NCI

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vlákna C

unmyelinated sensory axons in peripheral nerves which carry slow pain responses; attached nociceptors are thought to be activated by a chemical released into the extracellular fluid as a result of tissue damage; widely distributed in deep tissue as well as skin.
CSP

The axon of a dorsal root ganglion cell that are responsive to pain and temperature. C-fibers are small in diameter (0.2-1.5 um) and unmyelinated. [NIF_Subcellular:nlx_subcell_20090210]
GO

Type C fibers are peripheral unmyelinated nerve fibers in which several AXONS are surrounded by a single Schwann cell (SCHWANN CELLS). They constitute more than half of the peripheral sensory nerve fibers as well as all the postganglionic autonomic fibers.
MSH

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plastochinon

Polyunsaturated side-chain quinone derivative which is an important link in the electron transport chain of green plants during the photosynthetic conversion of light energy by photophosphorylation into the potential energy of chemical bonds.
MSH

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lithium

An element in the alkali metals family. It has the atomic symbol Li, atomic number 3, and atomic weight [6.938; 6.997]. Salts of lithium are used in treating BIPOLAR DISORDER.
MSH

white metal, symbol Li, atomic number 3; lithium salts are used in treating the manic phase of bipolar disorder.
CSP

A monovalent cation that is metabolized much like sodium and is important in many cellular functions inside or on the surface of cells.
NCI

An element with atomic symbol Li, atomic number 3, and atomic weight 6.941.
NCI

A soft metal. Lithium salts are used to treat certain mental disorders, especially bipolar (manic depressive) disorder. Lithium salts include lithium carbonate and lithium citrate.
NCI

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emulze

Colloids formed by the combination of two immiscible liquids such as oil and water. Lipid-in-water emulsions are usually liquid, like milk or lotion. Water-in-lipid emulsions tend to be creams. The formation of emulsions may be aided by amphiphatic molecules that surround one component of the system to form MICELLES.
MSH

stable mixture of two or more immiscible liquids where one liquid, in form of fine droplets or globules, is dispersed in the other.
CSP

A suspension of liqid within another liquid or a dispersion consisting of two or more liquid phases.
NCI

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fraktury nespojené

A fracture in which union fails to occur, the ends of the bone becoming rounded and eburnated, and a false joint occurs. (Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

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T-2 toxin

A potent mycotoxin produced in feedstuffs by several species of the genus FUSARIUM. It elicits a severe inflammatory reaction in animals and has teratogenic effects.
MSH

potent mycotoxin produced in feedstuffs by some Fusarium species.
CSP

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blokátory kalciových kanálů

A class of drugs that act by selective inhibition of calcium influx through cell membranes or on the release and binding of calcium in intracellular pools. Since they are inducers of vascular and other smooth muscle relaxation, they are used in the drug therapy of hypertension and cerebrovascular spasms, as myocardial protective agents, and in the relaxation of uterine spasms.
MSH

class of drugs that act by selective inhibition of calcium influx through cell membranes or on the release and binding of calcium in intracellular pools; since they are inducers of vascular and other smooth muscle relaxation, they are used in the drug therapy of hypertension and cerebrovascular spasms, as myocardial protective agents, and in the relaxation of uterine spasms.
CSP

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pleurodynie epidemická

An acute, febrile, infectious disease generally occurring in epidemics. It is usually caused by coxsackieviruses B and sometimes by coxsackieviruses A; echoviruses; or other enteroviruses.
MSH

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Nephropidae

Family of large marine CRUSTACEA, in the order DECAPODA. These are called clawed lobsters because they bear pincers on the first three pairs of legs. The American lobster and Cape lobster in the genus Homarus are commonly used for food.
MSH

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endarterektomie

Surgical excision, performed under general anesthesia, of the atheromatous tunica intima of an artery. When reconstruction of an artery is performed as an endovascular procedure through a catheter, it is called ATHERECTOMY.
MSH

surgical excision of the atheromatous tunica intima of an artery.
CSP

Excision of an atheromatous plaque.
NCI

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fruktany

Polysaccharides composed of D-fructose units.
MSH

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Tampons

A plug of absorbent material, e.g. cotton inserted into a body cavity or wound during the surgical intervention to check a flow of blood and arrest hemorrhaging, or to absorb body fluid secretions. Particularly, the concept refers to commercially manufactured small cylinder of cotton or other material which is placed in vagina to absorb menstrual blood.
NCI

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Callithrix

A genus of the subfamily CALLITRICHINAE occurring in forests of Brazil and Bolivia and containing seventeen species.
MSH

The common marmoset, Callithrix jacchus, is a small primate characterized by a hairless face with a white mark on the forehead and is covered in grey fur with white tufts of hair surrounding its ears. This primate has a life span of 10 years in the wild and 16 years in captivity. The marmoset has claws instead of nails and walks on all four legs. Fully mature 20-24 month old females typically give birth to twins after a 150 day gestational period. The marmoset is genetically similar to humans and is a useful model for studying human diseases such as Lassa fever, multiple sclerosis, and viral infections.
NCI

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podiatrie

A specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of foot disorders and injuries and anatomic defects of the foot.
MSH

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dolní část těla – negativní tlak

External decompression applied to the lower body. It is used to study orthostatic intolerance and the effects of gravitation and acceleration, to produce simulated hemorrhage in physiologic research, to assess cardiovascular function, and to reduce abdominal stress during childbirth.
MSH

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endoftalmitida

Suppurative inflammation of the tissues of the internal structures of the eye frequently associated with an infection.
MSH

A disorder characterized by an infectious process involving the internal structures of the eye.
NCI

An infectious process affecting the internal structures of the eye.
NCI

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hrudník vpáčený

A developmental anomaly in which the lower sternum is posteriorly dislocated and concavely deformed, resulting in a funnel-shaped thorax.
MSH

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vyučování

The educational process of instructing.
MSH

educational process of instructing.
CSP

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Candida albicans

etiologic agent of candidiasis.
CSP

A unicellular budding fungus which is the principal pathogenic species causing CANDIDIASIS (moniliasis).
MSH

A species of diploid fungus in the phylum Ascomycota which is capable of mating but not of meiosis, and is a causal agent of opportunistic oral and genital infections in humans.
NCI

a kind of fungus that can cause yeast infection
CHV

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poly(ADP-ribosa)-polymerasy

The human protein poly(ADP ribose) polymerase protein (1013aa, ~113 kDa) is encoded by the PARP1 gene (PARP1). Poly(ADP ribose) polymerase (PARP) is a cytosolic protein, and when activated is cleaved into two fragments of 89kd and 24kd. The enzyme modifies various nuclear proteins by poly ADP-ribosylation. The protein is involved in the regulation of various important cellular processes such as differentiation, proliferation, tumor transformation, and recovery from DNA damage. Its inhibition has been studied in cancerous cells and degenerative diseases to demonstrate how apoptosis can be inhibited when the PARP is inactive or absent.
NCI

An enzyme involved in many functions of the cell, including the repair of DNA damage. DNA damage may be caused by normal cell actions, UV light, some anticancer drugs, and radiation used to treat cancer. Inhibitors of PARP-1 are being studied in the treatment of cancer.
NCI

Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of multiple ADP-RIBOSE groups from nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide (NAD) onto protein targets, thus building up a linear or branched homopolymer of repeating ADP-ribose units i.e., POLY ADENOSINE DIPHOSPHATE RIBOSE.
MSH

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