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Prototheca

A genus of achlorophyllic algae in the family Chlorellaceae, and closely related to CHLORELLA. It is found in decayed matter; WATER; SEWAGE; and SOIL; and produces cutaneous and disseminated infections in various VERTEBRATES including humans.
MSH

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metrizoát

A diagnostic radiopaque that usually occurs as the sodium salt.
MSH

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nebezpečné látky

Substances which, upon release into the atmosphere, water, or soil, or which, in direct contact with the skin, eyes, or mucous membranes, or as additives to food, cause health risks to humans or animals through absorption, inhalation, or ingestion. The concept includes safe handling, transportation, and storage of these substances.
MSH

substances which, upon release into the atmosphere, water, or soil, or which, in direct contact with the skin, eyes, or mucous membranes, or as a food additive, cause health risks to humans or animals through absorption, inhalation, or ingestion.
CSP

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dětská řeč

The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.
MSH

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AIDS

An acquired defect of cellular immunity associated with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a CD4-positive T-lymphocyte count under 200 cells/microliter or less than 14% of total lymphocytes, and increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and malignant neoplasms. Clinical manifestations also include emaciation (wasting) and dementia. These elements reflect criteria for AIDS as defined by the CDC in 1993.
MSH

one or more indicator diseases, depending on laboratory evidence of HIV infection (CDC); late phase of HIV infection characterized by marked suppression of immune function resulting in opportunistic infections, neoplasms, and other systemic symptoms (NIAID).
CSP

A disease caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). People with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome are at an increased risk for developing certain cancers and for infections that usually occur only in individuals with a weak immune system.
NCI

A syndrome resulting from the acquired deficiency of cellular immunity caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). It is characterized by the reduction of the Helper T-lymphocytes in the peripheral blood and the lymph nodes. Symptoms include generalized lymphadenopathy, fever, weight loss, and chronic diarrhea. Patients with AIDS are especially susceptible to opportunistic infections (usually pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections, tuberculosis, candida infections, and cryptococcosis), and the development of malignant neoplasms (usually non-Hodgkin`s lymphoma and Kaposi`s sarcoma). The human immunodeficiency virus is transmitted through sexual contact, sharing of contaminated needles, or transfusion of contaminated blood.
NCI

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Pseudomonas pseudomallei

A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that causes MELIOIDOSIS. It has been isolated from soil and water in tropical regions, particularly Southeast Asia.
MSH

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Burkholderia pseudomallei.
NCI

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mikrocefalie

A congenital abnormality in which the CEREBRUM is underdeveloped, the fontanels close prematurely, and, as a result, the head is small. (Desk Reference for Neuroscience, 2nd ed.)
MSH

abnormal smallness of the brain.
CSP

A congenital or acquired developmental disorder in which the circumference of the head is smaller than normal for the person`s age and sex. It is the result of brain developmental delay.
NCI

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zdravotnické plánování

Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.
MSH

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Chlamydiaceae – infekce

Infections with bacteria of the family CHLAMYDIACEAE.
MSH

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aktinomykóza cervikofaciální

A form of ACTINOMYCOSIS characterized by slow-growing inflammatory lesions of the lymph nodes that drain the mouth (lumpy jaw), reddening of the overlying skin, and intraperitoneal abscesses.
MSH

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psychologické testy

standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.
CSP

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mikroskopie polarizační

Microscopy using polarized light in which phenomena due to the preferential orientation of optical properties with respect to the vibration plane of the polarized light are made visible and correlated parameters are made measurable.
MSH

Any form of microscopy capable of detecting birefringent objects. Usually performed with a polarizing element below the stage to produce plane polarized light and an analyzer that is set to give total extinction of the background and thus to detect any birefringence.
NCI

Microscopy, Polarized light


HL7V3.0

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nedoslýchavost z hluku

Hearing loss due to exposure to explosive loud noise or chronic exposure to sound level greater than 85 dB. The hearing loss is often in the frequency range 4000-6000 hertz.
MSH

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nitrofenoly chlorortuťnaté

Mercuriphenols substituted with one or more chlorine atoms and one or more nitro groups. Some of these are sulfhydryl reagents which act as chromophoric probes in enzymes and other proteins.
MSH

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adenin

A purine base and a fundamental unit of ADENINE NUCLEOTIDES.
MSH

6-aminopurine; one of the 5 major bases (with guanine, thymine, cytosine, and uracil) found in nucleic acids.
CSP

A chemical compound that is used to make one of the building blocks of DNA and RNA. It is also a part of many substances in the body that give energy to cells. Adenine is a type of purine.
NCI

A purine base and a fundamental unit of adenine nucleotides. (MeSH)
NCI

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psychoterapie

A generic term for the treatment of mental illness or emotional disturbances primarily by verbal or nonverbal communication.
MSH

treatment of emotional, behavioral, personality, and psychiatric disorders based primarily upon verbal or nonverbal communication and interventions with the patient.
CSP

Treatment of mental, emotional, personality, and behavioral disorders using methods such as discussion, listening, and counseling.
NCI

A method of treating disease, esp. psychic disorders, by mental rather than pharmacological means (e.g., suggestion, re-education, hypnotism, and psychoanalysis). (Taber`s)
NCI

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vojenské lékařství

The practice of medicine as applied to special circumstances associated with military operations.
MSH

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nemoci srdečních chlopní

Pathological conditions involving any of the various HEART VALVES and the associated structures (PAPILLARY MUSCLES and CHORDAE TENDINEAE).
MSH

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal functioning of heart valves.
CSP

Any heart disorder characterized by a defect in valve structure or function.
NCI

Your heart has four valves. Normally, these valves open to let blood flow through or out of your heart, and then shut to keep it from flowing backward. But sometimes they don`t work properly. What can happen?

  • Blood can leak back through the valve in the wrong direction, which is called regurgitation
  • One of the valves, the mitral valve, sometimes has "floppy" flaps and doesn`t close tightly. This is called mitral valve prolapse, and it`s one of the most common heart valve conditions. Sometimes it causes regurgitation
  • When the valve doesn`t open enough, which blocks blood flow, it is called stenosis

Valve problems can be present at birth or caused by infections, heart attacks, or heart disease or damage. Some valve problems are minor and do not need treatment. Others might require medicine, medical procedures or surgery to repair or replace the valve.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

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sklerozující cholangitida

Chronic inflammatory disease of the BILIARY TRACT. It is characterized by fibrosis and hardening of the intrahepatic and extrahepatic biliary ductal systems leading to bile duct strictures, CHOLESTASIS, and eventual BILIARY CIRRHOSIS.
MSH

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ATPasa Ca(2+) Mg(2+)

An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ATP and is activated by millimolar concentrations of either Ca(2+) or Mg(2+). Unlike CA(2+)-TRANSPORTING ATPASE it does not require the second divalent cation for its activity, and is not sensitive to orthovanadate. (Prog Biophys Mol Biol 1988;52(1):1). A subgroup of EC 3.6.1.3.
MSH

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puerperium – poruchy

Disorders or diseases associated with PUERPERIUM, the six-to-eight-week period immediately after PARTURITION in humans.
MSH

disorders occurring to the mother in the period immediately following delivery.
CSP

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miotika

Agents causing contraction of the pupil of the eye. Some sources use the term miotics only for the parasympathomimetics but any drug used to induce miosis is included here.
MSH

agent that causes the pupil of the eye to contract.
CSP

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červi

Commonly known as parasitic worms, this group includes the ACANTHOCEPHALA; NEMATODA; and PLATYHELMINTHS. Some authors consider certain species of LEECHES that can become temporarily parasitic as helminths.
MSH

a type of parasite
CHV

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estery cholesterolu

Fatty acid esters of cholesterol which constitute about two-thirds of the cholesterol in the plasma. The accumulation of cholesterol esters in the arterial intima is a characteristic feature of atherosclerosis.
MSH

fatty acid esters of cholesterol which constitute about two-thirds of the cholesterol in human plasma; accumulation of cholesterol esters in the arterial intima is a characteristic feature of atherosclerosis.
CSP

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aplikace orální

The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.
MSH

route of drug or nutrient intake via the mouth.
CSP

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pulpitida

Inflammation of the DENTAL PULP, usually due to bacterial infection in dental caries, tooth fracture, or other conditions causing exposure of the pulp to bacterial invasion. Chemical irritants, thermal factors, hyperemic changes, and other factors may also cause pulpitis.
MSH

Inflammation of the dental pulp.
NCI

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pojivová tkáň – nemoci smíšené

A syndrome with overlapping clinical features of systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, polymyositis, and Raynaud`s phenomenon. The disease is differentially characterized by high serum titers of antibodies to ribonuclease-sensitive extractable (saline soluble) nuclear antigen and a “speckled” epidermal nuclear staining pattern on direct immunofluorescence.
MSH

An autoimmune overlap syndrome characterized by the presence of symptoms of systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic scleroderma, and polymyositis.
NCI

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hematopoéza

The development and formation of various types of BLOOD CELLS. Hematopoiesis can take place in the BONE MARROW (medullary) or outside the bone marrow (HEMATOPOIESIS, EXTRAMEDULLARY).
MSH

formation and development of blood cells.
CSP

The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the myeloid and lymphoid derived organ/tissue systems of the blood and other parts of the body over time, from formation to the mature structure. The site of hemopoiesis is variable during development, but occurs primarily in bone marrow or kidney in many adult vertebrates. [GOC:dgh, ISBN:0198506732 “Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”]
GO

A process of blood formation and more specifically formation of blood cells that are all derived from hematopoietic stem cells.
NCI

The formation of new blood cells.
NCI

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chorea

Involuntary, forcible, rapid, jerky movements that may be subtle or become confluent, markedly altering normal patterns of movement. Hypotonia and pendular reflexes are often associated. Conditions which feature recurrent or persistent episodes of chorea as a primary manifestation of disease are referred to as CHOREATIC DISORDERS. Chorea is also a frequent manifestation of BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES.
MSH

ceaseless occurrence of rapid, highly complex jerky movements that appear to be well coordinated but are performed involuntarily.
CSP

A neurological condition affecting the involuntary movements. It is characterized by brief, non-repetitive irregular muscle contractions. It is seen in patients with Huntington`s disease.
NCI

a group of diseases marked by involuntary and jerky movements
CHV

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adrenergní látky

Drugs that act on adrenergic receptors or affect the life cycle of adrenergic transmitters. Included here are adrenergic agonists and antagonists and agents that affect the synthesis, storage, uptake, metabolism, or release of adrenergic transmitters.
MSH

drugs that selectively bind to and activate adrenergic receptors or mimic the actions of adrenergic transmitters; for adrenergic antagonists, see ANTIADRENERGIC AGENT.
CSP

Refer to a class of agents that acts upon adrenergic receptors associated with activities of Sympathetic Nerve System. The adrenergic receptors (adrenoceptors) belongs to the family of seven membrane spanning domain receptors that require G protein signaling pathway. (NCI04)
NCI

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