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slinné žlázy – kaménky

Calculi occurring in a salivary gland. Most salivary gland calculi occur in the submandibular gland, but can also occur in the parotid gland and in the sublingual and minor salivary glands.
MSH

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viry coxsackie – infekce

A heterogeneous group of infections produced by coxsackieviruses, including HERPANGINA, aseptic meningitis (MENINGITIS, ASEPTIC), a common-cold-like syndrome, a non-paralytic poliomyelitis-like syndrome, epidemic pleurodynia (PLEURODYNIA, EPIDEMIC) and a serious MYOCARDITIS.
MSH

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oligopeptidy

Peptides composed of between two and twelve amino acids.
MSH

structure formed by the linkage of a small number of amino acids.
CSP

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Aniline

compounds containing a benzene ring and an amine group.
CSP

Dye and chemical solution stains for medical purposes are mixtures of synthetic or natural dyes or nondye chemicals in solutions used in staining cells and tissues for diagnostic histopathology, cytopathology, or hematology.
SPN

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Nisslova tělíska

Subcellular structures found in nerve cell bodies and DENDRITES. They consist of granular endoplasmic reticulum (ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM, ROUGH) and RIBOSOMES.
MSH

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kyselina ibotenová

A neurotoxic isoxazole (similar to KAINIC ACID and MUSCIMOL) found in AMANITA mushrooms. It causes motor depression, ataxia, and changes in mood, perceptions and feelings, and is a potent excitatory amino acid agonist.
MSH

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Sandhoffova nemoc

An autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by an accumulation of G(M2) GANGLIOSIDE in neurons and other tissues. It is caused by mutation in the common beta subunit of HEXOSAMINIDASE A and HEXOSAMINIDASE B. Thus this disease is also known as the O variant since both hexosaminidase A and B are missing. Clinically, it is indistinguishable from TAY-SACHS DISEASE.
MSH

autosomal inherited disease caused by deficiency of the enzymes hexosaminidase A and B which leads to an accumulation of GM2 ganglioside and the sphingolipid globoside in neurons and other organs; clinical manifestations resemble Tay-Sachs disease.
CSP

An autosomal recessive inherited lysosomal storage disorder caused by mutations in the HEXB gene. It is characterized by deficiency of the enzyme hexosaminidase, resulting in the accumulation of gangiosides in the central nervous system and other body tissues. Signs and symptoms include progressive motor and mental deterioration, early blindness, macrocephaly, seizures, and hepatosplenomegaly.
NCI

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prstencová chrupavka

The small thick cartilage that forms the lower and posterior parts of the laryngeal wall.
MSH

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oogeneze

The process of germ cell development in the female from the primordial germ cells through OOGONIA to the mature haploid ova (OVUM).
MSH

process of germ cell development in the female from the primordial germ cells through oogonia to the mature haploid ova.
CSP

The complete process of formation and maturation of an ovum or female gamete from a primordial female germ cell. Examples of this process are found in Mus musculus and Drosophila melanogaster. [GOC:kmv, GOC:mtg_sensu]
GO

The development of ovum, which are the female germ cells. Oogenesis occurs by meiosis and is essential for the production of mature eggs.
NCI

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kotník

The region of the lower limb between the FOOT and the LEG.
MSH

joint formed by the articulation of the lower leg bones with the talus; ankle connects the foot with the leg.
CSP

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4-nitrofenylfosfatasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of nitrophenyl phosphates to nitrophenols. At acid pH it is probably ACID PHOSPHATASE (EC 3.1.3.2); at alkaline pH it is probably ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE (EC 3.1.3.1). EC 3.1.3.41.
MSH

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ileostomie

Surgical creation of an external opening into the ILEUM for fecal diversion or drainage. This replacement for the RECTUM is usually created in patients with severe INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASES. Loop (continent) or tube (incontinent) procedures are most often employed.
MSH

An opening into the ileum, part of the small intestine, from the outside of the body. An ileostomy provides a new path for waste material to leave the body after part of the intestine has been removed.
NCI

a surgery that makes an opening into the ileum (part of the small bowel)
CHV

Surgical creation of an external opening into the ileum for fecal diversion or drainage. Loop or tube procedures are most often employed. (MeSH)
NCI

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kyretáž zubní

Removal of dental plaque and dental calculus from the surface of a tooth, from the surface of a tooth apical to the gingival margin accumulated in periodontal pockets, or from the surface coronal to the gingival margin.
MSH

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berle

Wooden or metal staffs designed to aid a person in walking. (UMDNS,1999)
MSH

A crutch is a device intended for medical purposes for use by disabled persons to provide minimal to moderate weight support while walking.
SPN

A wooden or metal staff that fits under the armpit and reaches to the ground, used as an aid while walking.
NCI

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chiasma opticum

The X-shaped structure formed by the meeting of the two optic nerves. At the optic chiasm the fibers from the medial part of each retina cross to project to the other side of the brain while the lateral retinal fibers continue on the same side. As a result each half of the brain receives information about the contralateral visual field from both eyes.
MSH

hypothalamic structure formed by the crossing of optic nerve fibers from the medial half of each retina.
CSP

An anatomy term for an X-shaped crossing (for example, of nerves or tendons).
NCI

Nerve trunk which is continuous with right and left optic nerves and right and left optic tracts.
FMA

An anatomic structure formed by the crossing of the two optic nerves under the hypothalamus.
NCI

The place in the brain where some of the optic nerve fibers coming from one eye cross optic nerve fibers from the other eye.
NCI

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antrakóza

A diffuse parenchymal lung disease caused by accumulation of inhaled CARBON or coal dust. The disease can progress from asymptomatic anthracosis to massive lung fibrosis. This lung lesion usually occurs in coal miners, but can be seen in urban dwellers and tobacco smokers.
MSH

A chronic lung disorder characterized by deposition of coal dust in the lung parenchyma leading to the formation of black nodules and emphysema. It occurs in coal miners.
NCI

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nomifensin

An isoquinoline derivative that prevents dopamine reuptake into synaptosomes. The maleate was formerly used in the treatment of depression. It was withdrawn worldwide in 1986 due to the risk of acute hemolytic anemia with intravascular hemolysis resulting from its use. In some cases, renal failure also developed. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p266)
MSH

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imunita

nonsusceptibility to the invasive or pathogenic effects of foreign microorganisms or to the toxic effect of antigenic substances.
CSP

Definition:Testing has shown that the patient already has immunity to the agent targeted by the immunization.


HL7V3.0

The protection against infectious disease conferred by the immune response. It encompasses the capacity to distinguish foreign material from self, and to neutralize, eliminate, or metabolize that which is foreign.
NCI

The condition of being protected against an infectious disease. Immunity can be caused by a vaccine, previous infection with the same agent, or by transfer of immune substances from another person or animal.
NCI

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Schizophyllum

A genus of fleshy shelf basidiomycetous fungi, family Schizophyllaceae, order POLYPORALES, growing on woody substrata. It is pathogenic in humans.
MSH

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nervosvalové látky nedepolarizující

Drugs that interrupt transmission at the skeletal neuromuscular junction without causing depolarization of the motor end plate. They prevent acetylcholine from triggering muscle contraction and are used as muscle relaxants during electroshock treatments, in convulsive states, and as anesthesia adjuvants.
MSH

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orgánová specificita

Characteristic restricted to a particular organ of the body, such as a cell type, metabolic response or expression of a particular protein or antigen.
MSH

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protilátky anti-idiotypické

Antibodies which react with the individual structural determinants (idiotopes) on the variable region of other antibodies.
MSH

antibodies which react with the individual structural determinants (idiotypes) on a particular immunoglobulin (antibody) molecule.
CSP

An antibody directed against the individual antigenic determinants (idiotopes) on the variable region of an immunoglobulin molecule. In principle an anti-idiotype antibody should inhibit a specific immune response and they are important to the regulation of the immune system.
NCI

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imunoglobuliny – epsilon-řetězce

The class of heavy chains found in IMMUNOGLOBULIN E. They have a molecular weight of approximately 72 kDa and they contain about 550 amino acid residues arranged in five domains and about three times more carbohydrate than the heavy chains of IMMUNOGLOBULIN A; IMMUNOGLOBULIN D; and IMMUNOGLOBULIN G.
MSH

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sklerodermie lokalizovaná

A chronic disorder, possibly autoimmune, marked by excessive production of collagen which results in hardening and thickening of body tissues. Localized scleroderma typically affects the skin, with formation of patches or lines of thick and unyielding tissue; there can be muscle and underlying tissue involvement as well as occasional joint complications. The affected areas of skin can be restrictive and disfiguring. The shape, depth and location of the affected area is used to classify one of the four types of local scleroderma. An individual can have a combination of localized scleroderma types.
NCI

A term used to describe a variety of localized asymmetrical SKIN thickening that is similar to those of SYSTEMIC SCLERODERMA but without the disease features in the multiple internal organs and BLOOD VESSELS. Lesions may be characterized as patches or plaques (morphea), bands (linear), or nodules.
MSH

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cyklohexany

Six-carbon alicyclic hydrocarbons.
MSH

group of alicyclic hydrocarbons with the general formula R-C6H11.
CSP

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ornithinkarbamoyltransferasa

A urea cycle enzyme that catalyzes the formation of orthophosphate and L-citrulline (CITRULLINE) from CARBAMOYL PHOSPHATE and L-ornithine (ORNITHINE). Deficiency of this enzyme may be transmitted as an X-linked trait. EC 2.1.3.3.
MSH

Ornithine carbamoyltransferase, mitochondrial (354 aa, ~40 kDa) is encoded by the human OTC gene. This protein plays a role in the metabolism of ornithine.
NCI

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antifungální látky

Substances that destroy fungi by suppressing their ability to grow or reproduce. They differ from FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL because they defend against fungi present in human or animal tissues.
MSH

substances that are destructive to fungi, suppress their reproduction or growth, or are effective against fungal infection.
CSP

a drug that kills fungus
CHV

Drugs that treat infections caused by fungi.
NCI

Substances that treat systemic or topical infections caused by fungi. Antifungal agents kill or inhibit the growth of fungi, by various mechanisms. Mechanisms include inhibition of fungal mitosis, impairing synthesis or binding to ergosterol, incorporation into RNA or DNA synthesis inhibition.
NCI

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IMP-dehydrogenasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the dehydrogenation of inosine 5`-phosphate to xanthosine 5`-phosphate in the presence of NAD. EC 1.1.1.205.
MSH

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mazové žlázy – nádory

new abnormal sebaceous gland tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

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cystamin

A radiation-protective agent that interferes with sulfhydryl enzymes. It may also protect against carbon tetrachloride liver damage.
MSH

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