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imunita

nonsusceptibility to the invasive or pathogenic effects of foreign microorganisms or to the toxic effect of antigenic substances.
CSP

Definition:Testing has shown that the patient already has immunity to the agent targeted by the immunization.


HL7V3.0

The protection against infectious disease conferred by the immune response. It encompasses the capacity to distinguish foreign material from self, and to neutralize, eliminate, or metabolize that which is foreign.
NCI

The condition of being protected against an infectious disease. Immunity can be caused by a vaccine, previous infection with the same agent, or by transfer of immune substances from another person or animal.
NCI

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Paragonimus

A genus of lung flukes of the family Troglotrematidae infecting humans and animals. This genus consists of several species one of which is PARAGONIMUS WESTERMANI, a common lung fluke in humans.
MSH

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echovirus 6 lidský

A species of ENTEROVIRUS that has caused outbreaks of aseptic meningitis in children and adults.
MSH

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Borrelia

causes borreliosis in man; helical rod with 3-10 coarse uneven coils and bent or hooked ends; gram negative; unique motility by a flexing motion of the cell; transmited to man by the human louse or various species of ticks.
CSP

A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, helical bacteria, various species of which produce RELAPSING FEVER in humans and other animals.
MSH

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Borrelia genus level.
NCI

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Slovinsko

Created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia.
MSH

A country in Central Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Austria and Croatia. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Central Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Austria and Croatia. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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imunoglobuliny – epsilon-řetězce

The class of heavy chains found in IMMUNOGLOBULIN E. They have a molecular weight of approximately 72 kDa and they contain about 550 amino acid residues arranged in five domains and about three times more carbohydrate than the heavy chains of IMMUNOGLOBULIN A; IMMUNOGLOBULIN D; and IMMUNOGLOBULIN G.
MSH

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parapsychologie

Branch of psychology that deals with paranormal behavior and events such as telepathy, precognition, and clairvoyance, which are not explicable by present day “natural laws”.
MSH

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edein

Basic peptide antibiotic from Bacillus brevis. It exhibits broad-spectrum antibacterial activity and inhibits bacterial DNA synthesis.
MSH

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mozková smrt

A state of prolonged irreversible cessation of all brain activity, including lower brain stem function with the complete absence of voluntary movements, responses to stimuli, brain stem reflexes, and spontaneous respirations. Reversible conditions which mimic this clinical state (e.g., sedative overdose, hypothermia, etc.) are excluded prior to making the determination of brain death. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp348-9)
MSH

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společenská kontrola neformální

Those forms of control which are exerted in less concrete and tangible ways, as through folkways, mores, conventions, and public sentiment.
MSH

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IMP-dehydrogenasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the dehydrogenation of inosine 5`-phosphate to xanthosine 5`-phosphate in the presence of NAD. EC 1.1.1.205.
MSH

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Parkinsonova nemoc

A progressive, degenerative neurologic disease characterized by a TREMOR that is maximal at rest, retropulsion (i.e. a tendency to fall backwards), rigidity, stooped posture, slowness of voluntary movements, and a masklike facial expression. Pathologic features include loss of melanin containing neurons in the substantia nigra and other pigmented nuclei of the brainstem. LEWY BODIES are present in the substantia nigra and locus coeruleus but may also be found in a related condition (LEWY BODY DISEASE, DIFFUSE) characterized by dementia in combination with varying degrees of parkinsonism. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1059, pp1067-75)
MSH

progressive, degenerative disorder of the nervous system characterized by tremors, rigidity, bradykinesia, postural instability, and gait abnormalities; caused by a loss of neurons and a decrease of dopamine in the basal ganglia.
CSP

A progressive disorder of the nervous system marked by muscle tremors, muscle rigidity, decreased mobility, stooped posture, slow voluntary movements, and a mask-like facial expression.
NCI

Parkinson`s disease is a disorder that affects nerve cells, or neurons, in a part of the brain that controls muscle movement. In Parkinson`s, neurons that make a chemical called dopamine die or do not work properly. Dopamine normally sends signals that help coordinate your movements. No one knows what damages these cells. Symptoms of Parkinson`s disease may include

  • Trembling of hands, arms, legs, jaw and face
  • Stiffness of the arms, legs and trunk
  • Slowness of movement
  • Poor balance and coordination

As symptoms get worse, people with the disease may have trouble walking, talking or doing simple tasks. They may also have problems such as depression, sleep problems or trouble chewing, swallowing or speaking.

Parkinson`s usually begins around age 60, but it can start earlier. It is more common in men than in women. There is no cure for Parkinson`s disease. A variety of medicines sometimes help symptoms dramatically.


MEDLINEPLUS

A progressive degenerative disorder of the central nervous system characterized by loss of dopamine producing neurons in the substantia nigra and the presence of Lewy bodies in the substantia nigra and locus coeruleus. Signs and symptoms include tremor which is most pronounced during rest, muscle rigidity, slowing of the voluntary movements, a tendency to fall back, and a mask-like facial expression.
NCI

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propedeutika stomatologická

Preparatory education meeting the requirements for admission to dental school.
MSH

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Area van Broca

A region of the brain located in the frontal lobe of the dominant hemisphere; it plays an essential role in the motor control of speech.
NCI

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společnosti farmaceutické

Societies whose membership is limited to pharmacists.
MSH

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ostrovy Indického oceánu

Numerous islands in the Indian Ocean situated east of Madagascar, north to the Arabian Sea and east to Sri Lanka. Included are COMOROS (republic), MADAGASCAR (republic), Maldives (republic), MAURITIUS (parliamentary democracy), Pemba (administered by Tanzania), REUNION (a department of France), and SEYCHELLES (republic).
MSH

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patela

The flat, triangular bone situated at the anterior part of the KNEE.
MSH

A small flat triangular bone in front of the knee that articulates with the femur and protects the knee joint. (NCI)
NCI

A small flat triangular bone in front of the knee that articulates with the femur and protects the knee joint.
NCI

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Eikenella corrodens

Gram-negative bacteria isolated from infections of the respiratory and intestinal tracts and from the buccal cavity, intestinal tract, and urogenital tract. They are probably part of the normal flora of man and animals.
MSH

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram negative, rod shaped bacterium assigned to the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is oxidase positive, catalase, urease and oxidase negative, indole negative and reduces nitrate. E. corrodens is generally classified as a commensal organism of the mouth and upper respiratory tract but may cause disease in patients with cancer.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Eikenella corrodens.
NCI

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bronchiolitida

Inflammation of the BRONCHIOLES.
MSH

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Penicillin G Sodium

The sodium salt form of benzylpenicillin, a semi-synthetic, broad-spectrum penicillin antibiotic with bactericidal activity. Benzylpenicillin sodium binds to and inactivates penicillin-binding proteins (PBP) located on the inner membrane of the bacterial cell wall. Inactivation of PBPs interferes with the cross-linkage of peptidoglycan chains necessary for bacterial cell wall strength and rigidity. This results in the weakening of the bacterial cell wall and causes cell lysis.
NCI

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kojenci – potrava

Food processed and manufactured for the nutritional health of children in their first year of life.
MSH

anything which, when taken into the infant body, serves to nourish or build up the tissues or to supply body heat; typically liquids or pureed food until the baby develops teeth; includes baby formula.
CSP

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přemístění pacientů

Interfacility or intrahospital transfer of patients. Intrahospital transfer is usually to obtain a specific kind of care and interfacility transfer is usually for economic reasons as well as type of care provided.
MSH

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elektrodiagnostika

Diagnosis of disease states by recording the spontaneous electrical activity of tissues or organs or by the response to stimulation of electrically excitable tissue.
MSH

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pufry

A chemical system that functions to control the levels of specific ions in solution. When the level of hydrogen ion in solution is controlled the system is called a pH buffer.
MSH

chemical system that functions to control the levels of specific ions in solution; when the level of hydrogen ion in solution is controlled the system is called a pH buffer.
CSP

The property of being able to chemically neutralize both acids and bases thereby maintaining the original pH of the solution.
NCI

An ionic compound that resists changes in its pH.
NCI

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somatostatinom

A SOMATOSTATIN-secreting tumor derived from the pancreatic delta cells (SOMATOSTATIN-SECRETING CELLS). It is also found in the INTESTINE. Somatostatinomas are associated with DIABETES MELLITUS; CHOLELITHIASIS; STEATORRHEA; and HYPOCHLORHYDRIA. The majority of somatostatinomas have the potential for METASTASIS.
MSH

A rare, usually malignant tumor arizing from delta cells. This neoplasm produces large amounts of somatostatin, which may result in a syndrome characterized by diarrhea, steatorrhea, weight loss, and gastric hyposecretion. Sixty percent are found in the pancreas and 40% in the duodenum or jejunum. The peak incidence occurs between 40 and 60 years of age; women are affected more than men by 2:1.
NCI

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informační střediska

Facilities for collecting and organizing information. They may be specialized by subject field, type of source material, persons served, location, or type of services.
MSH

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pánev – infekce

Infection involving the tissues or organs in the PELVIS.
MSH

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elektrický šok

Induction of a stress reaction in experimental subjects by means of an electrical shock; applies to either convulsive or non-convulsive states.
MSH

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syndrom pálení v ústech

A group of painful oral symptoms associated with a burning or similar sensation. There is usually a significant organic component with a degree of functional overlay; it is not limited to the psychophysiologic group of disorders.
MSH

A condition characterized by a burning or tingling sensation on the lips, tongue, or entire mouth.
NCI

A disorder characterized by a burning or tingling sensation on the lips, tongue or entire mouth.
NCI

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spasmus

An involuntary contraction of a muscle or group of muscles. Spasms may involve SKELETAL MUSCLE or SMOOTH MUSCLE.
MSH

a sudden, violent, involuntary contraction of a muscle or a group of muscles, attended by pain and interference with function, producing involuntary movement and distortion.
CSP

A sudden, violent, involuntary contraction of a muscle or group of muscles.
NCI

A sudden contraction of a muscle or group of muscles, such as a cramp.
NCI

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