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cystamin

A radiation-protective agent that interferes with sulfhydryl enzymes. It may also protect against carbon tetrachloride liver damage.
MSH

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methanol

A colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of FORMALDEHYDE and ACETIC ACID, in chemical synthesis, antifreeze, and as a solvent. Ingestion of methanol is toxic and may cause blindness.
MSH

colorless, flammable liquid, CH3OH; an alcohol used in chemical synthesis, in antifreeze, and as a solvent; ingestion of methanol is toxic and may cause blindness.
CSP

Used as a solvent and as an intermediate in chemical synthesis. Component of deicing mixtures and preservatives. Toxic.
NCI

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antimalarika

Agents used in the treatment of malaria. They are usually classified on the basis of their action against plasmodia at different stages in their life cycle in the human. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p1585)
MSH

agent used in the treatment or prevention of malaria.
CSP

Agents used to treat malaria, and are usually classified based on action against plasmodia at different stages in their life cycle in the human.
NCI

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Nephropidae

Family of large marine CRUSTACEA, in the order DECAPODA. These are called clawed lobsters because they bear pincers on the first three pairs of legs. The American lobster and Cape lobster in the genus Homarus are commonly used for food.
MSH

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radiační účinky

The effects of ionizing and nonionizing radiation upon living organisms, organs and tissues, and their constituents, and upon physiologic processes. It includes the effect of irradiation on food, drugs, and chemicals.
MSH

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fruktany

Polysaccharides composed of D-fructose units.
MSH

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cytidindeaminasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the deamination of cytidine, forming uridine. EC 3.5.4.5.
MSH

Cytidine deaminase (146 aa, ~16 kDa) is encoded by the human CDA gene. This protein is involved in the deamination of cytidine and deoxycytidine to uridine and deoxyuridine, respectively. (Entrez Gene)
NCI

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algináty

Salts of alginic acid that are extracted from marine kelp and used to make dental impressions and as absorbent material for surgical dressings.
MSH

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treponematocidní látky

Agents used to treat infections with bacteria of the genus TREPONEMA. This includes SYPHILIS & YAWS.
MSH

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dolní část těla – negativní tlak

External decompression applied to the lower body. It is used to study orthostatic intolerance and the effects of gravitation and acceleration, to produce simulated hemorrhage in physiologic research, to assess cardiovascular function, and to reduce abdominal stress during childbirth.
MSH

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rentgendiagnostika zubní

radiographic techniques used in dentistry.
CSP

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hrudník vpáčený

A developmental anomaly in which the lower sternum is posteriorly dislocated and concavely deformed, resulting in a funnel-shaped thorax.
MSH

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biologie buňky

for thorough searching also see CYTOLOGY.
CSP

The study of the structure, behavior, growth, reproduction, and pathology of cells; and the function and chemistry of cellular components.
MSH

The study of cells using a microscope.
NCI

The light microscopic study of normal and abnormal cells in fine needle aspirates (FNAs), body cavity fluids, and smears.
NCI

The study of the internal workings of cells at the microscopic and molecular level. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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aloxan

pyrimidine ring with carbonyl oxygens at all 4 carbon atoms; an oxidation product of uric acid which, by destroying beta cells in the pancreas, can cause diabetes mellitus; an experimental antineoplastic.
CSP

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aortální chlopeň – stenóza

A pathological constriction that can occur above (supravalvular stenosis), below (subvalvular stenosis), or at the AORTIC VALVE. It is characterized by restricted outflow from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the AORTA.
MSH

constriction in the opening of the aortic valve or of the supravalvular or subvalvular regions.
CSP

Narrowing of the orifice of the aortic valve or of the supravalvular or subvalvular regions.
NCI

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lupus vulgaris

A form of cutaneous tuberculosis. It is seen predominantly in women and typically involves the NASAL MUCOSA; BUCCAL MUCOSA; and conjunctival mucosa.
MSH

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rafoxanid

Veterinary anthelmintic for grazing animals; used to treat fluke, hookworm and other infestations.
MSH

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galaktokinasa

An enzyme that catalyzes reversibly the formation of galactose 1-phosphate and ADP from ATP and D-galactose. Galactosamine can also act as the acceptor. A deficiency of this enzyme results in GALACTOSEMIA. EC 2.7.1.6.
MSH

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tanec

Rhythmic and patterned body movements which are usually performed to music.
MSH

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alfa-MSH

A 13-amino acid peptide derived from proteolytic cleavage of ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE, the N-terminal segment of ACTH. ACTH (1-13) is amidated at the C-terminal to form ACTH (1-13)NH2 which in turn is acetylated to form alpha-MSH in the secretory granules. Alpha-MSH stimulates the synthesis and distribution of MELANIN in MELANOCYTES in mammals and MELANOPHORES in lower vertebrates.
MSH

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apendektomie

Surgical removal of the vermiform appendix. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

Surgical removal of the vermiform appendix.
NCI

Surgery to remove the appendix (small finger-shaped pouch at the end of the first part of the large intestine).
NCI

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lymfatický systém – ozáření

External or interstitial irradiation to treat lymphomas (e.g., Hodgkin`s and non-Hodgkin`s lymphomas) and lymph node metastases and also some autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis.
MSH

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potkani inbrední WKY

A strain of Rattus norvegicus used as a normotensive control for the spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHR).
MSH

An outbred Wistar substrain derived at Kyoto school of medicine and disseminated to the NIH in 1971 and finally to Charles River in 1974. The Wistar Kyoto is a white albino with pink eyes, genotype c. This rat strain is used in cardiac and behavioral research and as a control for studies involving the spontaneous hypertensive rat.
NCI

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gama-globuliny

serum globulins that migrate in the gamma region on electrophoresis; gamma-globulin at one time was used as a synonym for immunoglobulin, since most immunoglobulins are gamma globulins; however since some immunoglobulins exhibit an alpha or beta electrophoretic mobility, that usage is in decline.
CSP

a group of blood proteins that contains antibodies
CHV

A type of globulin in plasma that in electrically charged solutions exhibits slowest colloidal mobility after that of the alpha and beta globulins. All immunoglobulins belong to this group of serum protein.
NCI

Serum globulins that migrate to the gamma region (most positively charged) upon ELECTROPHORESIS. At one time, gamma-globulins came to be used as a synonym for immunoglobulins since most immunoglobulins are gamma globulins and conversely most gamma globulins are immunoglobulins. But since some immunoglobulins exhibit an alpha or beta electrophoretic mobility, that usage is in decline.
MSH

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smrt náhlá

The abrupt cessation of all vital bodily functions, manifested by the permanent loss of total cerebral, respiratory, and cardiovascular functions.
MSH

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amaranth – barvivo

A sulfonic acid-based naphthylazo dye used as a coloring agent for foodstuffs and medicines and as a dye and chemical indicator. It was banned by the FDA in 1976 for use in foods, drugs, and cosmetics. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

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arachidonát-15-lipoxygenasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of arachidonic acid to yield 15-hydroperoxyarachidonate (15-HPETE) which is rapidly converted to 15-hydroxy-5,8,11,13-eicosatetraenoate (15-HETE). The 15-hydroperoxides are preferentially formed in NEUTROPHILS and LYMPHOCYTES.
MSH

Encoded by human ALOX15 Gene, a putative mutator gene regulated by tumor-suppressor TP53, 661-amino acid 74.7 kD cytoplasmic Arachidonate 15-Lipoxygenase (Lipoxygenase Family) acts in leukotriene biosynthesis and is implicated in anti-inflammation, membrane remodeling, and cancer development or metastasis. It converts arachidonic acid to 15s-hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid. (OMIM, Swiss-Prot, and NCI)
NCI

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lysinoalanin

N(6)-(2-Amino-2-carboxyethyl)-L-lysine. An unusual amino acid, not a dipeptide, which has been found in proteins of cooked foods. It is formed in food that is heated or treated with alkali. Has been implicated in nephrocytomegalia in rats.
MSH

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receptory antigenů T-buněk

Molecules on the surface of T-lymphocytes that recognize and combine with antigens. The receptors are non-covalently associated with a complex of several polypeptides collectively called CD3 antigens (ANTIGENS, CD3). Recognition of foreign antigen and the major histocompatibility complex is accomplished by a single heterodimeric antigen-receptor structure, composed of either alpha-beta (RECEPTORS, ANTIGEN, T-CELL, ALPHA-BETA) or gamma-delta (RECEPTORS, ANTIGEN, T-CELL, GAMMA-DELTA) chains.
MSH

immunoglobulin like receptor associated with CD3 marker on T lymphocytes which binds specific antigen and thereby participates in T cell activation; recognition of foreign antigen and the major histocompatibility complex is accomplished by a single heterodimeric antigen receptor structure, composed of either alpha-beta or gamma-delta chains.
CSP

Heterodimeric antigen receptors present on the surface of T-cells. Two T-cell antigen receptors have been identified, consisting of heterodimeric 40-55 kD Ig-like alpha/beta or gamma/delta integral membrane glycoproteins. Genes for TCR alpha, beta, gamma, and delta subunits are assembled during T-cell development by somatic rearrangement of germline gene segments, resembling B-cell Ig genes in their mechanisms of diversity generation and activation of expression. Alpha/beta heterodimers are found on helper and cytotoxic T-cells and are specific for antigenic peptides presented by MHC gene products. T-cells expressing gamma/delta heterodimers directly recognize proteins and non-proteinacious phospho-ligands. T-cell receptors are non-covalently associated with CD3, forming the TCR-CD3 complex. TCRs activate MAPKs and JNK1 through the CD3 antigens, the adaptor protein LAT, and tyrosine kinases LCK and ZAP70. (from OMIM and NCI)
NCI

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plyn – čističe

Apparatus for removing exhaled or leaked anesthetic gases or other volatile agents, thus reducing the exposure of operating room personnel to such agents, as well as preventing the buildup of potentially explosive mixtures in operating rooms or laboratories.
MSH

A gas-scavenging apparatus is a device intended to collect excess anesthetic, analgesic, or trace gases or vapors from a patient`s breathing system, ventilator, or extracorporeal pump-oxygenator, and to conduct these gases out of the area by means of an exhaust system.
SPN

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