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embryologic

Used with organs, regions, and animal headings for embryologic and fetal development. It is used also with diseases for embryologic factors contributing to postnatal disorders.
MSH

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pracovní lékařství

Medical specialty concerned with the promotion and maintenance of the physical and mental health of employees in occupational settings.
MSH

medical specialty concerned with the promotion and maintenance of the physical and mental health of employees in occupational settings; do not confuse with OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH/SAFETY, the health and safety of the worker.
CSP

This branch of medicine is concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of injuries and illnesses that occur at the workplace or as a result of toxic exposures, stress, or accidents at the workplace. Occupational medicine encompasses issues such as industrial hygiene, safety, pollution control, ergonomics, industrial and agricultural toxicology, disability evaluation, physical rehabilitation, industrial psychology and emergency medicine. (BioTech Life Science Dictionary)
NCI

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guanosintrifosfát

Guanosine 5`-(tetrahydrogen triphosphate). A guanine nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety.
MSH

guanosine 5`-(tetrahydrogen triphosphate); a guanine nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety.
CSP

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vlákna C

unmyelinated sensory axons in peripheral nerves which carry slow pain responses; attached nociceptors are thought to be activated by a chemical released into the extracellular fluid as a result of tissue damage; widely distributed in deep tissue as well as skin.
CSP

The axon of a dorsal root ganglion cell that are responsive to pain and temperature. C-fibers are small in diameter (0.2-1.5 um) and unmyelinated. [NIF_Subcellular:nlx_subcell_20090210]
GO

Type C fibers are peripheral unmyelinated nerve fibers in which several AXONS are surrounded by a single Schwann cell (SCHWANN CELLS). They constitute more than half of the peripheral sensory nerve fibers as well as all the postganglionic autonomic fibers.
MSH

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oči – pohyb sakadický

An abrupt voluntary shift in ocular fixation from one point to another, as occurs in reading.
MSH

the series of involuntary, abrupt, rapid, small movements or jerks of both eyes simultaneously in changing the point of fixation.
CSP

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Methods aspects

Used with techniques, procedures, and programs for methods.
MSH

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emulze

Colloids formed by the combination of two immiscible liquids such as oil and water. Lipid-in-water emulsions are usually liquid, like milk or lotion. Water-in-lipid emulsions tend to be creams. The formation of emulsions may be aided by amphiphatic molecules that surround one component of the system to form MICELLES.
MSH

stable mixture of two or more immiscible liquids where one liquid, in form of fine droplets or globules, is dispersed in the other.
CSP

A suspension of liqid within another liquid or a dispersion consisting of two or more liquid phases.
NCI

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Oesophagostomum

A genus of nematodes of the superfamily STRONGYLOIDEA, parasitic in the intestines of animals. The adults are usually free in the intestinal lumen; the larvae encyst in the wall.
MSH

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hemonchiáza

Infection with nematodes of the genus HAEMONCHUS, characterized by digestive abnormalities and anemia similar to that from hookworm infestation.
MSH

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blokátory kalciových kanálů

A class of drugs that act by selective inhibition of calcium influx through cell membranes or on the release and binding of calcium in intracellular pools. Since they are inducers of vascular and other smooth muscle relaxation, they are used in the drug therapy of hypertension and cerebrovascular spasms, as myocardial protective agents, and in the relaxation of uterine spasms.
MSH

class of drugs that act by selective inhibition of calcium influx through cell membranes or on the release and binding of calcium in intracellular pools; since they are inducers of vascular and other smooth muscle relaxation, they are used in the drug therapy of hypertension and cerebrovascular spasms, as myocardial protective agents, and in the relaxation of uterine spasms.
CSP

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slinné žlázy – kaménky

Calculi occurring in a salivary gland. Most salivary gland calculi occur in the submandibular gland, but can also occur in the parotid gland and in the sublingual and minor salivary glands.
MSH

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methylhistaminy

Histamine substituted in any position with one or more methyl groups. Many of these are agonists for the H1, H2, or both histamine receptors.
MSH

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endarterektomie

Surgical excision, performed under general anesthesia, of the atheromatous tunica intima of an artery. When reconstruction of an artery is performed as an endovascular procedure through a catheter, it is called ATHERECTOMY.
MSH

surgical excision of the atheromatous tunica intima of an artery.
CSP

Excision of an atheromatous plaque.
NCI

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oligopeptidy

Peptides composed of between two and twelve amino acids.
MSH

structure formed by the linkage of a small number of amino acids.
CSP

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hamartom

A focal malformation resembling a neoplasm, composed of an overgrowth of mature cells and tissues that normally occur in the affected area.
MSH

A benign (not cancer) growth made up of an abnormal mixture of cells and tissues normally found in the area of the body where the growth occurs.
NCI

A benign and excessive tumor-like growth of mature cells and normal tissues which grow in a disorganized pattern.
NCI

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Callithrix

A genus of the subfamily CALLITRICHINAE occurring in forests of Brazil and Bolivia and containing seventeen species.
MSH

The common marmoset, Callithrix jacchus, is a small primate characterized by a hairless face with a white mark on the forehead and is covered in grey fur with white tufts of hair surrounding its ears. This primate has a life span of 10 years in the wild and 16 years in captivity. The marmoset has claws instead of nails and walks on all four legs. Fully mature 20-24 month old females typically give birth to twins after a 150 day gestational period. The marmoset is genetically similar to humans and is a useful model for studying human diseases such as Lassa fever, multiple sclerosis, and viral infections.
NCI

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Sandhoffova nemoc

An autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by an accumulation of G(M2) GANGLIOSIDE in neurons and other tissues. It is caused by mutation in the common beta subunit of HEXOSAMINIDASE A and HEXOSAMINIDASE B. Thus this disease is also known as the O variant since both hexosaminidase A and B are missing. Clinically, it is indistinguishable from TAY-SACHS DISEASE.
MSH

autosomal inherited disease caused by deficiency of the enzymes hexosaminidase A and B which leads to an accumulation of GM2 ganglioside and the sphingolipid globoside in neurons and other organs; clinical manifestations resemble Tay-Sachs disease.
CSP

An autosomal recessive inherited lysosomal storage disorder caused by mutations in the HEXB gene. It is characterized by deficiency of the enzyme hexosaminidase, resulting in the accumulation of gangiosides in the central nervous system and other body tissues. Signs and symptoms include progressive motor and mental deterioration, early blindness, macrocephaly, seizures, and hepatosplenomegaly.
NCI

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metrizoát

A diagnostic radiopaque that usually occurs as the sodium salt.
MSH

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endoftalmitida

Suppurative inflammation of the tissues of the internal structures of the eye frequently associated with an infection.
MSH

A disorder characterized by an infectious process involving the internal structures of the eye.
NCI

An infectious process affecting the internal structures of the eye.
NCI

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oogeneze

The process of germ cell development in the female from the primordial germ cells through OOGONIA to the mature haploid ova (OVUM).
MSH

process of germ cell development in the female from the primordial germ cells through oogonia to the mature haploid ova.
CSP

The complete process of formation and maturation of an ovum or female gamete from a primordial female germ cell. Examples of this process are found in Mus musculus and Drosophila melanogaster. [GOC:kmv, GOC:mtg_sensu]
GO

The development of ovum, which are the female germ cells. Oogenesis occurs by meiosis and is essential for the production of mature eggs.
NCI

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nebezpečné látky

Substances which, upon release into the atmosphere, water, or soil, or which, in direct contact with the skin, eyes, or mucous membranes, or as additives to food, cause health risks to humans or animals through absorption, inhalation, or ingestion. The concept includes safe handling, transportation, and storage of these substances.
MSH

substances which, upon release into the atmosphere, water, or soil, or which, in direct contact with the skin, eyes, or mucous membranes, or as a food additive, cause health risks to humans or animals through absorption, inhalation, or ingestion.
CSP

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Candida albicans

etiologic agent of candidiasis.
CSP

A unicellular budding fungus which is the principal pathogenic species causing CANDIDIASIS (moniliasis).
MSH

A species of diploid fungus in the phylum Ascomycota which is capable of mating but not of meiosis, and is a causal agent of opportunistic oral and genital infections in humans.
NCI

a kind of fungus that can cause yeast infection
CHV

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kyretáž zubní

Removal of dental plaque and dental calculus from the surface of a tooth, from the surface of a tooth apical to the gingival margin accumulated in periodontal pockets, or from the surface coronal to the gingival margin.
MSH

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mikrocefalie

A congenital abnormality in which the CEREBRUM is underdeveloped, the fontanels close prematurely, and, as a result, the head is small. (Desk Reference for Neuroscience, 2nd ed.)
MSH

abnormal smallness of the brain.
CSP

A congenital or acquired developmental disorder in which the circumference of the head is smaller than normal for the person`s age and sex. It is the result of brain developmental delay.
NCI

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enteritida

Inflammation of any segment of the SMALL INTESTINE.
MSH

inflammation of the intestine, especially of the small intestine.
CSP

inflammation of the bowel
CHV

Inflammation of the small intestine.
NCI

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chiasma opticum

The X-shaped structure formed by the meeting of the two optic nerves. At the optic chiasm the fibers from the medial part of each retina cross to project to the other side of the brain while the lateral retinal fibers continue on the same side. As a result each half of the brain receives information about the contralateral visual field from both eyes.
MSH

hypothalamic structure formed by the crossing of optic nerve fibers from the medial half of each retina.
CSP

An anatomy term for an X-shaped crossing (for example, of nerves or tendons).
NCI

Nerve trunk which is continuous with right and left optic nerves and right and left optic tracts.
FMA

An anatomic structure formed by the crossing of the two optic nerves under the hypothalamus.
NCI

The place in the brain where some of the optic nerve fibers coming from one eye cross optic nerve fibers from the other eye.
NCI

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zdravotnické plánování

Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.
MSH

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Capsicum

A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. The hot peppers yield CAPSAICIN, which activates vanilloid receptors. Several varieties have sweet or pungent edible fruits that are used as vegetables when fresh and spices when the pods are dried.
MSH

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Schizophyllum

A genus of fleshy shelf basidiomycetous fungi, family Schizophyllaceae, order POLYPORALES, growing on woody substrata. It is pathogenic in humans.
MSH

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mikroskopie polarizační

Microscopy using polarized light in which phenomena due to the preferential orientation of optical properties with respect to the vibration plane of the polarized light are made visible and correlated parameters are made measurable.
MSH

Any form of microscopy capable of detecting birefringent objects. Usually performed with a polarizing element below the stage to produce plane polarized light and an analyzer that is set to give total extinction of the background and thus to detect any birefringence.
NCI

Microscopy, Polarized light


HL7V3.0

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