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heptanoáty

Salts and esters of the 7-carbon saturated monocarboxylic acid heptanoic acid.
MSH

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Duaneův retrakční syndrom

A syndrome characterized by marked limitation of abduction of the eye, variable limitation of adduction and retraction of the globe, and narrowing of the palpebral fissure on attempted adduction. The condition is caused by aberrant innervation of the lateral rectus by fibers of the OCULOMOTOR NERVE.
MSH

A rare disorder affecting the muscles of the eye. It is characterized by an abnormal contraction of some eye muscles and failure of contraction of other eye muscles. It leads to limited abduction and adduction of the affected eye.
NCI

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receptory mitogenů

Glycoprotein molecules on the surface of B- and T-lymphocytes, that react with molecules of antilymphocyte sera, lectins, and other agents which induce blast transformation of lymphocytes.
MSH

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krevní transfúze

The introduction of whole blood or blood component directly into the blood stream. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

introduction of whole blood or blood component directly into the blood stream.
CSP

The injection of whole blood or a blood component directly into the bloodstream.
NCI

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ductus Mülleri

A pair of ducts near the WOLFFIAN DUCTS in a developing embryo. In the male embryo, they degenerate with the appearance of testicular ANTI-MULLERIAN HORMONE. In the absence of anti-mullerian hormone, mullerian ducts give rise to the female reproductive tract, including the OVIDUCTS; UTERUS; CERVIX; and VAGINA.
MSH

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aminobifenylové sloučeniny

Biphenyl compounds substituted in any position by one or more amino groups. Permitted are any substituents except fused rings.
MSH

nitrogen substituted aromatic amine formerly used in dyemaking; now used to induce cancer in laboratory animals.
CSP

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hesperidin

A flavanone glycoside found in CITRUS fruit peels.
MSH

A flavonoid comprised of the flavanone hesperetin and the disaccharide rutinose.
NCI

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dysartrie

Disorders of speech articulation caused by imperfect coordination of pharynx, larynx, tongue, or face muscles. This may result from CRANIAL NERVE DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; CEREBELLAR DISEASES; BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES; BRAIN STEM diseases; or diseases of the corticobulbar tracts (see PYRAMIDAL TRACTS). The cortical language centers are intact in this condition. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p489)
MSH

imperfect speech articulation due to disturbances of muscular control.
CSP

Slow and slurred speech resulting from inability to coordinate the muscles that are used in speech. Causes include brain damage, Parkinson disease, and developmental causes.
NCI

A disorder characterized by slow and slurred speech resulting from an inability to coordinate the muscles used in speech.
NCI

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rektum – nádory

Tumors or cancer of the RECTUM.
MSH

new abnormal rectal or anal tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

Either benign or malignant growth of tissue in rectum, the terminal portion of the digestive tube.
NCI

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tělní krajiny

Anatomical areas of the body.
MSH

a general term for grouping regions of the body; preference is to use NTs.
CSP

Named areas of the body.
NCI

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svalové proteiny

The protein constituents of muscle, the major ones being ACTINS and MYOSINS. More than a dozen accessory proteins exist including TROPONIN; TROPOMYOSIN; and DYSTROPHIN.
MSH

protein constituents of muscle.
CSP

A special subset of proteins whose roles are directly related to the function of muscle cells. This group is comprised of both short and long filament polypeptides that are primarily involved in movement and muscle contraction and extension. Muscle proteins are also responsible for the conversion of chemical energy into mechanical energy.
NCI

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síran amonný

Sulfuric acid diammonium salt. It is used in CHEMICAL FRACTIONATION of proteins.
MSH

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hexosy

monosaccharide containing six carbon atoms in one molecule.
CSP

A class of monosaccharides with six carbon atoms.
NCI

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ucho střední

The space and structures directly internal to the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE and external to the inner ear (LABYRINTH). Its major components include the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE that connects the cavity of middle ear (tympanic cavity) to the upper part of the throat.
MSH

portion of the ear between the tympanic membrane and the cochlea, containing the tympanic cavity and its bones, the malleus, incus, and stapes.
CSP

The part of the ear including the eardrum and ossicles. The middle ear leads to the inner ear. (NCI)
NCI

The part of the ear including the eardrum and ossicles. The middle ear leads to the inner ear.
NCI

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refrakterní doba psychologická

A delayed response interval occurring when two stimuli are presented in close succession.
MSH

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transplantace kostní dřeně

The transference of BONE MARROW from one human or animal to another for a variety of purposes including HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION or MESENCHYMAL STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION.
MSH

transference of bone marrow within an individual, between individuals of the same species, or between individuals of different species.
CSP

procedure to replace bone marrow that has been destroyed by treatment with high doses of anticancer drugs or radiation. Transplantation may be autologous (an individual`s own marrow saved before treatment), allogeneic (marrow donated by someone else), or syngeneic (marrow donated by an identical twin).
NCI

Bone marrow is the spongy tissue inside some of your bones, such as your hip and thigh bones. It contains immature cells, called stem cells. The stem cells can develop into the red blood cells that carry oxygen through your body, the white blood cells that fight infections, and the platelets that help with blood clotting.

If there is a problem with your bone marrow, a transplant can give you healthy new marrow. You could need a transplant because of a disease, such as bone marrow diseases or cancers like leukemia or lymphoma. Or you might need one if a strong cancer treatment kills your healthy blood cells.

People with cancer sometimes donate bone marrow before treatment to be transplanted later. But often the new marrow comes from a donor, either a close family member or someone unrelated.


MEDLINEPLUS

A procedure to replace diseased or pathologic bone marrow with transplanted healthy bone marrow cells.
NCI

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Mycobacteriaceae

A family of gram-positive bacteria found in soil and dairy products and as parasites on animals and man. Several are important pathogens.
MSH

A taxonomic family of bacterium in the phylum Actinobacteria that includes the genus Mycobacterium, among others.
NCI

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amrinon

A positive inotropic cardiotonic (CARDIOTONIC AGENTS) with vasodilator properties, phosphodiesterase 3 inhibitory activity, and the ability to stimulate calcium ion influx into the cardiac cell.
MSH

A synthetic bipyridine phosphodiesterase inhibitor with inotropic and vasodilator properties. Inamrinone inhibits type III phosphodiesterase, which is abundant in cardiac and vascular tissues, thereby preventing the degradation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and increasing intracellular concentrations of this secondary messenger. Elevated levels of cAMP increase the contractile force of the cardiac muscle and produce positive inotropic effects. Although the mechanism of action is not fully understood, inamrinone causes smooth muscle relaxation, resulting in peripheral vasodilation (reduced afterload) and a decreased pulmonary vascular resistance (reduced preload).
NCI

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histaminasa

A group of enzymes including those oxidizing primary monoamines, diamines, and histamine. They are copper proteins, and, as their action depends on a carbonyl group, they are sensitive to inhibition by semicarbazide. EC 1.4.3.6.
MSH

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echovirus 6 lidský

A species of ENTEROVIRUS that has caused outbreaks of aseptic meningitis in children and adults.
MSH

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návratná horečka

An acute infection characterized by recurrent episodes of PYREXIA alternating with asymptomatic intervals of apparent recovery. This condition is caused by SPIROCHETES of the genus BORRELIA. It is transmitted by the BITES of either the body louse (PEDICULUS humanus corporis), for which humans are the reservoir, or by soft ticks of the genus ORNITHODOROS, for which rodents and other animals are the principal reservoirs.
MSH

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ekonomika

The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.
MSH

The branch of social science that deals with the production and distribution and consumption of goods and services and their management.
NCI

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náboženské filosofie

Sets of beliefs on the nature of the universe or Man.
MSH

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botulismus

A disease caused by potent protein NEUROTOXINS produced by CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM which interfere with the presynaptic release of ACETYLCHOLINE at the NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION. Clinical features include abdominal pain, vomiting, acute PARALYSIS (including respiratory paralysis), blurred vision, and DIPLOPIA. Botulism may be classified into several subtypes (e.g., food-borne, infant, wound, and others). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1208)
MSH

disease caused by potent protein neurotoxins produced by Clostridium botulinum, which interfere with the presynaptic release of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction; clinical features include abdominal pain, vomiting, acute paralysis, blurred vision and diplopia; botulism may be classified into several subtypes such as food borne, infant, wound, and others.
CSP

Botulism is a rare but serious illness caused by a bacterium called Clostridium botulinum, which occurs in soil. It produces a toxin that affects your nerves. There are three kinds of botulism. Foodborne botulism comes from eating foods contaminated with the toxin. Wounds infected with toxin-producing bacteria result in wound botulism. Infant botulism is caused by consuming the spores of the bacteria, usually from honey. All three forms can be deadly and are medical emergencies.

Symptoms include double vision, blurred vision, drooping eyelids, slurred speech, difficulty swallowing, dry mouth and muscle weakness. Treatment may include antitoxins, intensive medical care or surgery of infected wounds.

To prevent botulism:

  • Be very careful when canning foods at home
  • Do not let babies eat honey
  • Get prompt medical care for infected wounds

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


MEDLINEPLUS

A serious bacterial infection caused by botulinum toxin which is produced by Clostridium botulinum. Patients are infected usually by ingestion of contaminated food or wound contamination. It leads to muscle paralysis which may result in respiratory failure.
NCI

a neurologic disease caused by the toxin of the bacteria called Clostridium botulinum
CHV

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myiáza

The invasion of living tissues of man and other mammals by dipterous larvae.
MSH

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anatomie pro výtvarníky

The study of the structures of organisms for applications in art: drawing, painting, sculpture, illustration, etc.
MSH

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histrionství

A personality disorder characterized by overly reactive and intensely expressed or overly dramatic behavior, proneness to exaggeration, emotional excitability, and disturbances in interpersonal relationships.
MSH

A disorder characterized by an enduring pattern of excessively intense and superficial emotionality, attention seeking behavior, seductive appearance and speech, self dramatization and/or theatrical behavior.
NCI

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vzdělávací oddělení nemocnice

Hospital department responsible for administering educational and training activities pertaining to health for patients and staff.
MSH

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reprodukční a urogenitální systém – fyziologické jevy

Physiology of the human and animal body, male or female, in the processes and characteristics of REPRODUCTION and the URINARY TRACT.
MSH

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Brassica

A plant genus of the family Cruciferae. It contains many species and cultivars used as food including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale, collard greens, MUSTARD PLANT; (B. alba, B. junica, and B. nigra), turnips (BRASSICA NAPUS) and rapeseed (BRASSICA RAPA).
MSH

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