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dehydrocholesteroly

Cholesterol derivatives having an additional double bond in any position. 24-Dehydrocholesterol is DESMOSTEROL. The other most prevalent dehydrocholesterol is the 7-isomer. This compound is a precursor of cholesterol and of vitamin D3.
MSH

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armin

A reversible organophosphorus cholinesterase inhibitor. It also affects the presynaptic membrane and inhibits membrane postsynaptic cholinergic receptors. The compound had former use as a miotic.
MSH

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tělo – sekrety

Endogenous substances produced through the activity of intact cells of glands, tissues, or organs.
MSH

Body substance in a liquid or semisolid state produced by an exocrine gland. Example: saliva, sebum, blood, plasma, semen, urine.
FMA

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osteitis fibrosa cystica

A fibrous degeneration, cyst formation, and the presence of fibrous nodules in bone, usually due to HYPERPARATHYROIDISM.
MSH

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pojištění životní

Insurance providing for payment of a stipulated sum to a designated beneficiary upon death of the insured.
MSH

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dendritické buňky

Specialized cells of the hematopoietic system that have branch-like extensions. They are found throughout the lymphatic system, and in non-lymphoid tissues such as SKIN and the epithelia of the intestinal, respiratory, and reproductive tracts. They trap and process ANTIGENS, and present them to T-CELLS, thereby stimulating CELL-MEDIATED IMMUNITY. They are different from the non-hematopoietic FOLLICULAR DENDRITIC CELLS, which have a similar morphology and immune system function, but with respect to humoral immunity (ANTIBODY PRODUCTION).
MSH

morphologic cell type; follicular d.c. found in germinal layers of spleen and lymph nodes and present antigen to B cells; cortical d.c. found in spleen white pulp and lymph node cortex and present antigen to T cells.
CSP

A special type of immune cell that is found in tissues, such as the skin, and boosts immune responses by showing antigens on its surface to other cells of the immune system. A dendritic cell is a type of phagocyte and a type of antigen-presenting cell (APC).
NCI

Immunocompetent cells of the lymphoid and hemopoietic systems and skin. They function morphologically and phenotypically by presenting or processing antigens, thereby stimulating cellular immunity. They represent the most potent antigen-presenting cells and, therefore, play a critical role in the primary T cell immune response.
NCI

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epidemie

Sudden outbreaks of a disease in a country or region not previously recognized in that area, or a rapid increase in the number of new cases of a previous existing endemic disease. Epidemics can also refer to outbreaks of disease in animal or plant populations.
MSH

An outbreak of a contagious disease that spreads rapidly and widely.
CHV

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dnavá artritida

Arthritis, especially of the great toe, as a result of gout. Acute gouty arthritis often is precipitated by trauma, infection, surgery, etc. The initial attacks are usually monoarticular but later attacks are often polyarticular.
MSH

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canales semicirculares ossei

Three long canals (anterior, posterior, and lateral) of the bony labyrinth. They are set at right angles to each other and are situated posterosuperior to the vestibule of the bony labyrinth (VESTIBULAR LABYRINTH). The semicircular canals have five openings into the vestibule with one shared by the anterior and the posterior canals. Within the canals are the SEMICIRCULAR DUCTS.
MSH

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osteosarkom

A sarcoma originating in bone-forming cells, affecting the ends of long bones. It is the most common and most malignant of sarcomas of the bones, and occurs chiefly among 10- to 25-year-old youths. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

malignant primary cancer of bone composed of a connective tissue stroma with evidence of malignant osteoid, bone and/or cartilage formation.
CSP

A malignant bone-forming tumor of osteocytes. Osteoid may be present only focally. This term may be used for small biopsy specimens for which adequate tissue is not present for definitive classification.
NCI

A usually aggressive malignant bone-forming mesenchymal tumor, predominantly affecting adolescents and young adults. It usually involves bones and less frequently extraosseous sites. It often involves the long bones (particularly distal femur, proximal tibia, and proximal humerus). Pain with or without a palpable mass is the most frequent clinical symptom. It may spread to other anatomic sites, particularly the lungs.
NCI

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interleukin-2

A soluble substance elaborated by antigen- or mitogen-stimulated T-LYMPHOCYTES which induces DNA synthesis in naive lymphocytes.
MSH

interleukin 2 is produced by T cells in response to antigenic or mitogenic stimulation and the signal carried by interleukin 1; it stimulates the proliferation of T cells bearing specific receptors for interleukin 2, expressed by antigenically stimulated T cells; it also seems to induce production of interferon gamma, and is used as an anticancer agent in a wide variety of solid malignant tumors.
CSP

Encoded by human IL2 Gene, Interleukin-2 is a secreted cytokine important for proliferation of T and B lymphocytes. The receptor of this cytokine is a heterotrimeric protein complex whose gamma chain is also shared by interleukin 4 (IL4) and interleukin 7 (IL7). IL2 expression in mature thymocytes is monoallelic, which represents an unusual regulatory mode for controlling expression of a single gene. Targeted disruption of a similar gene in mice leads to ulcerative colitis-like disease, which suggests an essential role in the immune response to antigenic stimuli. (From LocusLink)
NCI

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stomatologické vybavení

The nonexpendable items used by the dentist or dental staff in the performance of professional duties. (From Boucher`s Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p106)
MSH

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epiziotomie

An incision of the posterior vaginal wall and a portion of the pudenda which enlarges the vaginal introitus to facilitate delivery and prevent lacerations.
MSH

A surgical widening of the introitus by cutting into the musculature of the maternal perineum with a linear midline or oblique incision so as to facilitate vaginal childbirth.
NCI

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Ascaridoidea

A superfamily of polymyarian nematode worms. An important characteristic of this group is the presence of three prominent lips around the mouth of the organism.
MSH

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glycinhydroxymethyltransferasa

A pyridoxal phosphate enzyme that catalyzes the reaction of glycine and 5,10-methylene-tetrahydrofolate to form serine. It also catalyzes the reaction of glycine with acetaldehyde to form L-threonine. EC 2.1.2.1.
MSH

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vejcovody u zvířat

Ducts that serve exclusively for the passage of eggs from the ovaries to the exterior of the body. In non-mammals, they are termed oviducts. In mammals, they are highly specialized and known as FALLOPIAN TUBES.
MSH

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meziobratlová ploténka – chemolýza

The dissolving of the nucleus pulposus, the semi-gelatinous tissue of a displaced INTERVERTEBRAL DISC. It is usually achieved by the direct injection of a proteolytic enzyme, especially CHYMOPAPAIN, into the herniated disc.
MSH

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zubní dřeň – překrytí

Application of a protective agent to an exposed pulp (direct capping) or the remaining thin layer of dentin over a nearly exposed pulp (indirect capping) in order to allow the pulp to recover and maintain its normal vitality and function.
NCI

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Eremothecium

A genus of ascomycetous yeast in the family Saccharomycetaceae, order SACCHAROMYCETALES. Species in the genus are plant pathogens.
MSH

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Aspergillus

genus of mitosporic fungi.
CSP

A genus of mitosporic fungi containing about 100 species and eleven different teleomorphs in the family Trichocomaceae.
MSH

A genus of highly aerobic fungi in the phylum Ascomycota that grow as molds on the surface of a substrate.
NCI

Fungi commonly found in soil. Certain types of Aspergillus may cause disease, especially in people who have suppressed immune systems.
NCI

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nemoc – stupeň závažnosti

Levels of severity of illness within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria.
MSH

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kyselina oxolinová

Synthetic antimicrobial related to NALIDIXIC ACID and used in URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS.
MSH

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nitroděložní antikoncepční prostředky

Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.
MSH

A device usually made of plastic or metal, inserted into the uterus to prevent conception. IUCD can be a coil, loop, triangle, or T in shape; its material can be impregnated with a pharmaceutical agent. The primary action of all IUCDs is the induction of a foreign-body reaction within the endometrium. This sterile inflammatory process is toxic to gametes, primarily spermatozoa, and effectively prevents viable sperm from passing into the fallopian tubes. The copper-bearing device has an independent toxic effect on spermatozoa. The progestin-releasing devices produce changes in endometrial architecture and function that reduce the potential for implantation of a fertilized egg. The progestin effect on the cervical mucus also reduces the penetrability of sperm.
NCI

A small, plastic T-shaped device that is placed inside the uterus (the small, hollow, pear-shaped organ in a woman`s pelvis in which a fetus develops) to prevent pregnancy. Intrauterine devices prevent sperm from fertilizing an egg, and prevent fertilized eggs from implanting in the uterus. The use of intrauterine devices is also being studied in the prevention and treatment of endometrial cancer and other conditions.
NCI

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zubní náhrady – baze

The part of a denture that overlies the soft tissue and supports the supplied teeth and is supported in turn by abutment teeth or the residual alveolar ridge. It is usually made of resins or metal or their combination.
MSH

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Erythrocebus patas

A species of the genus ERYTHROCEBUS, subfamily CERCOPITHECINAE, family CERCOPITHECIDAE. It inhabits the flat open arid country of Africa. It is also known as the patas monkey or the red monkey.
MSH

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atenolol

A cardioselective beta-1 adrenergic blocker possessing properties and potency similar to PROPRANOLOL, but without a negative inotropic effect.
MSH

l-p-carbamoylmethylphenoxy-3-isopropylamino -2-propanol, is a peripheral beta blocker used as an antihypertensive; propranolol, by contrast, also has CNS effects.
CSP

a drug that treats rapid heart rate and high blood pressure
CHV

A synthetic isopropylamino-propanol derivative used as an antihypertensive, hypotensive and antiarrhythmic Atenolol acts as a peripheral, cardioselective beta blocker specific for beta-1 adrenergic receptors, without intrinsic sympathomimetic effects. It reduces exercise heart rates and delays atrioventricular conduction, with overall oxygen requirements decreasing. (NCI04)
NCI

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sexuálně přenosné nemoci virové

Viral diseases which are transmitted or propagated by sexual conduct.
MSH

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krevní skupiny – systém P

A blood group related to the ABO, Lewis and I systems. At least five different erythrocyte antigens are possible, some very rare, others almost universal. Multiple alleles are involved in this blood group.
MSH

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jodpyracetát

An ionic monomeric contrast medium that was formerly used for a variety of diagnostic procedures. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p706)
MSH

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deoxyribonukleasa EcoRI

One of the Type II site-specific deoxyribonucleases (EC 3.1.21.4). It recognizes and cleaves the sequence G/AATTC at the slash. EcoRI is from E coliRY13. Several isoschizomers have been identified. EC 3.1.21.-.
MSH

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