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konduktometrie

Determination of the quantity of a material present in a mixture by measurement of its effect on the electrical conductivity of the mixture. (Webster, 3d ed)
MSH

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droxidopa

A precursor of noradrenaline that is used in the treatment of parkinsonism. The racemic form (DL-threo-3,4-dihydroxyphenylserine) has also been used, and has been investigated in the treatment of orthostatic hypotension. There is a deficit of noradrenaline as well as of dopamine in Parkinson`s disease and it has been proposed that this underlies the sudden transient freezing seen usually in advanced disease. Administration of DL-threo-3,4-dihydroxyphenylserine has been claimed to result in an improvement in this phenomenon but controlled studies have failed to demonstrate improvement. (Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Englewood, CO, 1995)
MSH

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larynx umělý

A device, activated electronically or by expired pulmonary air, which simulates laryngeal activity and enables a laryngectomized person to speak. Examples of the pneumatic mechanical device are the Tokyo and Van Hunen artificial larynges. Electronic devices include the Western Electric electrolarynx, Tait oral vibrator, Cooper-Rand electrolarynx and the Ticchioni pipe.
MSH

A laryngeal prosthesis (Taub design) is a device intended to direct pulmonary air flow to the pharynx in the absence of the larynx, thereby permitting esophageal speech. The device is interposed between openings in the trachea and the esophagus and may be removed and replaced each day by the patient. During phonation, air from the lungs is directed to flow through the device and over the esophageal mucosa to provide a sound source that is articulated as speech.
SPN

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proktokolitida

Inflammation of the RECTUM and the distal portion of the COLON.
MSH

Inflammation of the rectum and colon.
NCI

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železnaté sloučeniny

Inorganic or organic compounds that contain divalent iron.
MSH

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konzervovaná sekvence

A sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide or of nucleotides in DNA or RNA that is similar across multiple species. A known set of conserved sequences is represented by a CONSENSUS SEQUENCE. AMINO ACID MOTIFS are often composed of conserved sequences.
MSH

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6-ketoprostaglandin F1 alfa

The physiologically active and stable hydrolysis product of EPOPROSTENOL. Found in nearly all mammalian tissue.
MSH

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poruchy učení

Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual`s perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, dyscalculia, and dysgraphia.
MSH

conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual`s perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills; may result from organic or psychological conditions.
CSP

Learning disorders affect how a person understands, remembers and responds to new information. People with learning disorders may have problems

  • Listening or paying attention
  • Speaking
  • Reading or writing
  • Doing math

Although learning disorders occur in very young children, they are usually not recognized until the child reaches school age. About one-third of children who have learning disabilities also have ADHD, which makes it hard to focus.

Evaluation and testing by a trained professional can help identify a learning disorder. The next step is special education, which involves helping your child in the areas where he or she needs the most help. Sometimes tutors or speech or language therapists also work with the children. Learning disorders do not go away, but strategies to work around them can make them less of a problem.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

A group of disorders that affect a person`s ability to learn or process specific types of information which is in contrast to his/her apparent level of intellect.
NCI

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programované instrukce

learning method consisting of materials which are presented in a predetermined order with provisions enabling students to check their answers and progress at their own rate; provides immediate feedback about achievement.
CSP

Works consisting of sequenced self-correction texts.
MSH

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fetišismus (psychiatrický)

A condition in which inanimate objects are utilized as a preferred or exclusive method of stimulating erotic arousal.
MSH

A disorder characterized by recurrent sexual urges, fantasies, or behaviors involving the use of nonliving objects such as women`s wearing apparel (the “fetish”).
NCI

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antikoncepční látky orální hormonální

Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.
MSH

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krevní skupiny – systém ABO

The major human blood type system which depends on the presence or absence of two antigens A and B. Type O occurs when neither A nor B is present and AB when both are present. A and B are genetic factors that determine the presence of enzymes for the synthesis of certain glycoproteins mainly in the red cell membrane.
MSH

the major human blood type system, which depends on the presence or absence of the two antigenic structures, A and B.
CSP

A blood group system based on recognition of inherited differences in the H antigen as expressed on erythrocytes.
NCI

A system used to group human blood into different types, based on the presence or absence of certain markers on the surface of red blood cells. The four main blood types are A, B, O, and AB. For a blood transfusion, the ABO blood group system is used to match the blood type of the donor and the person receiving the transfusion. People with blood type O can donate blood to anyone and are called universal donors. People with blood type AB can accept blood from all donors and are called universal recipients. People with type A or B can receive matching blood or type O blood.
NCI

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zákonodárství veterinární

Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of veterinary medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.
MSH

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propanidid

An intravenous anesthetic that has been used for rapid induction of anesthesia and for maintenance of anesthesia of short duration. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p918)
MSH

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fibróza

Any pathological condition where fibrous connective tissue invades any organ, usually as a consequence of inflammation or other injury.
MSH

development of excess fibrous connective tissue in an organ.
CSP

The growth of fibrous tissue.
NCI

The formation of fibrous tissue; fibroid or fibrous degeneration.
NCI

formation of excess fibrous connective tissue
CHV

The formation of fibrous tissue; fibroid or fibrous degeneration.
NCI

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koproporfyriny

Porphyrins with four methyl and four propionic acid side chains attached to the pyrrole rings. Elevated levels of Coproporphyrin III in the urine and feces are major findings in patients with HEREDITARY COPROPORPHYRIA.
MSH

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akademie a ústavy

Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.
MSH

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levhart

The species Panthera pardus, not to be confused with leopards in other genera.
MSH

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propyljodon

Radiopaque medium usually in oil; used in bronchography.
MSH

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hasicí systémy

Automatic or hand operated equipment used to control and extinguish fires.
MSH

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corpora allata

Paired or fused ganglion-like bodies in the head of insects. The bodies secrete hormones important in the regulation of metamorphosis and the development of some adult tissues.
MSH

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anémie sideroblastická

Anemia characterized by the presence of erythroblasts containing excessive deposits of iron in the marrow.
MSH

acquired or hereditary anemia marked by sideroblasts: bone marrow cells with large mitochondrial deposits of insoluble iron due to defective heme synthesis, leading to ineffective erythropoiesis.
CSP

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Acetabularia

A genus of green algae found in the Mediterranean and other warm seas.
MSH

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leukémie chronická lymfocytární B-buněčná

chronic leukemia characterized by morphologically mature but immunologically less mature lymphocytes; manifested by an abnormal accumulation of these cells in blood, bone marrow, and lymphatic tissue.
CSP

An indolent (slow-growing) cancer in which too many immature lymphocytes (white blood cells) are found mostly in the blood and bone marrow. Sometimes, in later stages of the disease, cancer cells are found in the lymph nodes and the disease is called small lymphocytic lymphoma.
NCI

A chronic leukemia characterized by abnormal B-lymphocytes and often generalized lymphadenopathy. In patients presenting predominately with blood and bone marrow involvement it is called chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL); in those predominately with enlarged lymph nodes it is called small lymphocytic lymphoma. These terms represent spectrums of the same disease.
MSH

Leukemia is cancer of the white blood cells. White blood cells help your body fight infection. Your blood cells form in your bone marrow. In leukemia, however, the bone marrow produces abnormal white blood cells. These cells crowd out the healthy blood cells, making it hard for blood to do its work. In chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), there are too many of a specific type of white blood cell called a lymphocyte.

CLL is the second most common form of leukemia in adults. It often occurs during or after middle age and rarely occurs in children.

Usually CLL does not cause any symptoms at all. If you have symptoms, they may include:

  • Painless swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, underarm, stomach or groin
  • Feeling very tired
  • Pain or a feeling of fullness below the ribs
  • Fever and infection
  • Weight loss

Tests that examine the blood, bone marrow, and lymph nodes diagnose CLL. Your doctor may choose to just monitor you until you have symptoms. Treatments include radiation therapy, chemotherapy, surgery to remove the spleen, and targeted immune therapy.

NIH: National Cancer Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

The most common type of chronic lymphoid leukemia. It comprises 90% of chronic lymphoid leukemias in the United States. Morphologically, the neoplastic cells are small, round B-lymphocytes. This type of leukemia is not considered to be curable with available therapy. (WHO, 2001)
NCI

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prostatitida

Prostatitis: inflammation of the prostate, appreciated clinically as an enlarged, soft or tender prostate. Prostatic secretions contain large numbers of leukocytes.
AIR

Infiltration of inflammatory cells into the parenchyma of PROSTATE. The subtypes are classified by their varied laboratory analysis, clinical presentation and response to treatment.
MSH

inflammation of the prostate.
CSP

Inflammation of the prostate gland.
NCI

An infectious or non-infectious inflammatory process affecting the prostate gland.
NCI

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flavoproteiny

protein containing a flavin ribonucleotide as a prosthetic group; most are enzymes; many are found in complexes containing metal ions and an iron-sulfur complex or a heme; they catalyze a wide variety of oxidation-reduction reactions.
CSP

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kotinin

The N-glucuronide conjugate of cotinine is a major urinary metabolite of NICOTINE. It thus serves as a biomarker of exposure to tobacco SMOKING. It has CNS stimulating properties.
MSH

The major metabolite of nicotine.
NCI

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angiografie

radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.
CSP

A procedure to x-ray blood vessels. The blood vessels can be seen because of an injection of a dye that shows up in the x-ray.
NCI

An x-ray of blood vessels. The person receives an injection of dye to outline the vessels on the x-ray.
NCI

The X-ray examination of the blood vessels or chambers of the heart.
NCI

An X-ray representation of blood vessels made after the injection of a radiopaque substance.
NCI

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acetylcholin

A neurotransmitter found at neuromuscular junctions, autonomic ganglia, parasympathetic effector junctions, a subset of sympathetic effector junctions, and at many sites in the central nervous system.
MSH

neurotransmitter; in vertebrates is the major transmitter at neuromuscular junctions, autonomic ganglia, parasympathetic effector junctions, a subset of sympathetic effector junctions, and at many sites in the central nervous system.
CSP

A chemical made by some types of nerve cells. It is used to send messages to other cells, including other nerve cells, muscle cells, and gland cells. It is released from the nerve ending and carries signals to cells on the other side of a synapse (space between nerve cells and other cells). Acetylcholine helps control memory and the action of certain muscles. It is a type of neurotransmitter.
NCI

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leukocyty – počet

The number of WHITE BLOOD CELLS per unit volume in venous BLOOD. A differential leukocyte count measures the relative numbers of the different types of white cells.
MSH

number of white blood cells per unit volume in venous blood.
CSP

A test to determine the number of leukocytes in a sample of blood.
NCI

A measurement of the leukocytes in a biological specimen.
NCI

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