Shopping Page. Buy or upgrade website.

leukémie chronická lymfocytární B-buněčná

chronic leukemia characterized by morphologically mature but immunologically less mature lymphocytes; manifested by an abnormal accumulation of these cells in blood, bone marrow, and lymphatic tissue.
CSP

An indolent (slow-growing) cancer in which too many immature lymphocytes (white blood cells) are found mostly in the blood and bone marrow. Sometimes, in later stages of the disease, cancer cells are found in the lymph nodes and the disease is called small lymphocytic lymphoma.
NCI

A chronic leukemia characterized by abnormal B-lymphocytes and often generalized lymphadenopathy. In patients presenting predominately with blood and bone marrow involvement it is called chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL); in those predominately with enlarged lymph nodes it is called small lymphocytic lymphoma. These terms represent spectrums of the same disease.
MSH

Leukemia is cancer of the white blood cells. White blood cells help your body fight infection. Your blood cells form in your bone marrow. In leukemia, however, the bone marrow produces abnormal white blood cells. These cells crowd out the healthy blood cells, making it hard for blood to do its work. In chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), there are too many of a specific type of white blood cell called a lymphocyte.

CLL is the second most common form of leukemia in adults. It often occurs during or after middle age and rarely occurs in children.

Usually CLL does not cause any symptoms at all. If you have symptoms, they may include:

  • Painless swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, underarm, stomach or groin
  • Feeling very tired
  • Pain or a feeling of fullness below the ribs
  • Fever and infection
  • Weight loss

Tests that examine the blood, bone marrow, and lymph nodes diagnose CLL. Your doctor may choose to just monitor you until you have symptoms. Treatments include radiation therapy, chemotherapy, surgery to remove the spleen, and targeted immune therapy.

NIH: National Cancer Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

The most common type of chronic lymphoid leukemia. It comprises 90% of chronic lymphoid leukemias in the United States. Morphologically, the neoplastic cells are small, round B-lymphocytes. This type of leukemia is not considered to be curable with available therapy. (WHO, 2001)
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Peptococcaceae

A family of bacteria found in the mouth and intestinal and respiratory tracts of man and other animals as well as in the human female urogenital tract. Its organisms are also found in soil and on cereal grains.
MSH

A taxonomic family of bacterium in the phylum Firmicutes that includes the genera Dehalobacter, Peptococcus and Thermincola, among others.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

flavoproteiny

protein containing a flavin ribonucleotide as a prosthetic group; most are enzymes; many are found in complexes containing metal ions and an iron-sulfur complex or a heme; they catalyze a wide variety of oxidation-reduction reactions.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

viry encefalitidy

A collection of single-stranded RNA viruses scattered across the Bunyaviridae, Flaviviridae, and Togaviridae families whose common property is the ability to induce encephalitic conditions in infected hosts.
MSH

collection of single stranded RNA viruses scattered across the Bunyaviridae, Flaviviridae, and Togaviridae families whose common property is the ability to induce encephalitic conditions in infected hosts.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

šťavelan vápenatý

The calcium salt of oxalic acid, occurring in the urine as crystals and in certain calculi.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

sféroplasty

Cells, usually bacteria or yeast, which have partially lost their cell wall, lost their characteristic shape and become round.
MSH

Cells, usually bacteria or yeast, which have partially lost their cell wall, lost their characteristic shape and become round. (MeSH)
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

leukocyty – počet

The number of WHITE BLOOD CELLS per unit volume in venous BLOOD. A differential leukocyte count measures the relative numbers of the different types of white cells.
MSH

number of white blood cells per unit volume in venous blood.
CSP

A test to determine the number of leukocytes in a sample of blood.
NCI

A measurement of the leukocytes in a biological specimen.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

perikarditida

Inflammation of the PERICARDIUM from various origins, such as infection, neoplasm, autoimmune process, injuries, or drug-induced. Pericarditis usually leads to PERICARDIAL EFFUSION, or CONSTRICTIVE PERICARDITIS.
MSH

A disorder characterized by irritation to the layers of the pericardium (the protective sac around the heart).
NCI

An inflammatory process affecting the pericardium.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

fluokortolon

A glucocorticoid with anti-inflammatory activity used topically for various skin disorders.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

endokrinní žlázy – nádory

Tumors or cancer of the ENDOCRINE GLANDS.
MSH

new abnormal endocrine gland tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

A benign or malignant neoplasm arising from the epithelial cells of an endocrine organ. –2003
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

kalsequestrin

Acidic protein found in SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM that binds calcium to the extent of 700-900 nmoles/mg. It plays the role of sequestering calcium transported to the interior of the intracellular vesicle.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

lamina spiralis ossea

The bony plate which extends outwards from the modiolus into the spiral canal of the cochlea, forming part of the structure that divides the upper SCALA VESTIBULI and the lower SCALA TYMPANI.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Leydigovy buňky

Steroid-producing cells in the interstitial tissue of the TESTIS. They are under the regulation of PITUITARY HORMONES; LUTEINIZING HORMONE; or interstitial cell-stimulating hormone. TESTOSTERONE is the major androgen (ANDROGENS) produced.
MSH

epithelioid cells constituting the endocrine tissue of the testis, which elaborate androgens, chiefly testosterone.
CSP

Cells in the interstitial tissue of the testis that are believed to furnish the internal secretion of that gland. (MeSH)
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

periferní nervy

Subdivision of peripheral nervous system which is a tree whose trunk is a branch of a somatic nerve plexus (cervical, brachial or lumbosacral); it has shared parts with the somatic nerves that contribute to its parent plexus. Examples: phrenic nerve, radial nerve, ilioinguinal nerve, sciatic nerve.
UWDA

The nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord, including the autonomic, cranial, and spinal nerves. Peripheral nerves contain non-neuronal cells and connective tissue as well as axons. The connective tissue layers include, from the outside to the inside, the epineurium, the perineurium, and the endoneurium.
MSH

Neural tree (organ) which is directly continuous with the neuraxis. Examples: phrenic nerve, radial nerve, ilioinguinal nerve, sciatic nerve.
FMA

Any nerve outside the brain or spinal cord that connects with peripheral receptors or effectors. (NCI)
NCI

Any nerve outside the brain or spinal cord that connects with peripheral receptors or effectors.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

flurazepam

A benzodiazepine derivative used mainly as a hypnotic.
MSH

benzodiazepine derivative used mainly as a sedative and hypnotic in the treatment of insomnia.
CSP

A member of the benzodiazepines and a long-acting depressor of the central nervous system (CNS) with sedative and hypnotic effects. Flurazepam binds to a specific site on the benzodiazepine-gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-A-chloride ionophore receptor complex located on the neuronal membrane. Binding causes an allosteric modification of the receptor thereby enhancing the affinity of GABA to the receptor leading to an increase in the frequency of chloride-channel opening events, which leads to an increase in chloride ion conductance, neuronal hyperpolarization, inhibition of the action potential, and a decrease in neuronal excitability. By modulating binding of the GABA inhibitory neurotransmitter to GABA-A receptors in the ascending reticular activating system, flurazepam blocks arousal of the cortical and limbic system, thereby exerting its sedative and hypnotic effect.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

endotel cévní

Single pavement layer of cells which line the luminal surface of the entire vascular system and regulate the transport of macromolecules and blood components from interstitium to lumen; this function has been most intensively studied in the blood capillaries.
MSH

single pavement layer of cells which line the luminal surface of the cardiovascular system and regulate the transport of macromolecules and blood components from interstitium to lumen.
CSP

Single pavement layer of cells which line the luminal surface of the entire vascular system and regulate the transport of macromolecules and blood components from interstitium to lumen. (MeSH)
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

kanibalismus

Eating other individuals of one`s own species.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

spondylolýza

Deficient development or degeneration of a portion of the VERTEBRA, usually in the pars interarticularis (the bone bridge between the superior and inferior facet joints of the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE) leading to SPONDYLOLISTHESIS.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

stadia vývoje bezobratlých

the series of stages in form and functional activity through which an organism passes between successive recurrences of a specified primary stage; a series of stages through which an individual passes during its lifetime.
CSP

The continuous sequence of changes undergone by metamorphosing insects and other animals during the post-embryonic development process.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

NORTASUNAREN NAHASTEA

A major deviation from normal patterns of behavior.
MSH

when normal personality traits become inflexible and maladaptive, causing subjective distress or impaired social functioning, they can be considered disorders.
CSP

Personality disorders are long-term patterns of thoughts and behaviors that cause serious problems with relationships and work. People with personality disorders have difficulty dealing with everyday stresses and problems. They often have stormy relationships with other people. The exact cause of personality disorders is unknown. However, genes and childhood experiences may play a role.

Symptoms vary widely depending on the specific type of personality disorder. Treatment usually includes talk therapy and sometimes medicine.


MEDLINEPLUS

A diverse category of psychiatric disorders characterized by behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individual`s culture; this pattern of deviation is pervasive and inflexible and is stable over time. The behavioral pattern negatively interferes with relationships and work.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

potravinová alergie

gastrointestinal disturbances, skin eruptions, or shock due to allergic reactions to allergens in food.
CSP

An allergy to a substance generally consumed for nutritional purposes.


HL7V3.0

Food allergy is an abnormal response to a food triggered by your body`s immune system. Allergic reactions to food can sometimes cause serious illness and death. Tree nuts and peanuts are the leading causes of deadly allergic reactions called anaphylaxis.

In adults, the foods that most often trigger allergic reactions include

  • Fish and shellfish, such as shrimp, lobster and crab
  • Peanuts
  • Tree nuts, such as walnuts
  • Eggs

Problem foods for children are eggs, milk (especially in infants and young children) and peanuts.

Sometimes a reaction to food is not an allergy. It is often a reaction called "food intolerance". Your immune system does not cause the symptoms of food intolerance. However, these symptoms can look and feel like those of a food allergy.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

enterohepatický oběh

Recycling through liver by excretion in bile, reabsorption from intestines into portal circulation, passage back into liver, and re-excretion in bile.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

karbamoylfosfátsynthasa (amoniak)

An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of carbamoyl phosphate from ATP, carbon dioxide, and ammonia. This enzyme is specific for arginine biosynthesis or the urea cycle. Absence or lack of this enzyme may cause CARBAMOYL-PHOSPHATE SYNTHASE I DEFICIENCY DISEASE. EC 6.3.4.16.
MSH

mitochondrial urea cycle enzyme which catalyzes the formation of carbamoylphosphate (a precursor of arginine and pyrimidines) from ammonia deficiency causes hyperammonemia type II.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

musculus stapedius

A tiny muscle that arises from the posterior wall of the TYMPANIC CAVITY of MIDDLE EAR with its tendon inserted onto the neck of the STAPES. Stapedius pulls the stapes posteriorly and controls its movement.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

lněný olej

The fixed oil obtained from the dried ripe seed of linseed, Linum usitatissimum (L. Linaceae). It is used as an emollient in liniments, pastes, and medicinal soaps, and in veterinary medicine as a laxative. It is also called flaxseed oil. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

fagocyty – baktericidní dysfunkce

disorders in which phagocytic cells cannot kill ingested bacteria; characterized by frequent recurring infection with formulation of granulomas.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Forceps

A manual surgical instrument for general use is a nonpowered, hand-held, or hand-manipulated device, either reusable or disposable, intended to be used in various general surgical procedures. The device includes the applicator, clip applier, biopsy brush, manual dermabrasion brush, scrub brush, cannula, ligature carrier, chisel, clamp, contractor, curette, cutter, dissector, elevator, skin graft expander, file, forceps, gouge, instrument guide, needle guide, hammer, hemostat, amputation hook, ligature passing and knot-tying instrument, knife, blood lancet, mallet, disposable or reusable aspiration and injection needle, disposable or reusable suturing needle, osteotome, pliers, rasp, retainer, retractor, saw, scalpel blade, scalpel handle, one-piece scalpel, snare, spatula, stapler, disposable or reusable stripper, stylet, suturing apparatus for the stomach and intestine, measuring tape, and calipers. A surgical instrument that has specialized uses in a specific medical specialty is classified in separate regulations in Parts 868 through 892.
SPN

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

karboanhydrasa II

A cytosolic carbonic anhydrase isoenzyme found widely distributed in cells of almost all tissues. Deficiencies of carbonic anhydrase II produce a syndrome characterized by OSTEOPETROSIS, renal tubular acidosis (ACIDOSIS, RENAL TUBULAR) and cerebral calcification. EC 4.2.1.-
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

stearyl-CoA desaturasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of oleoyl-CoA, A, and water from stearoyl-CoA, AH2, and oxygen where AH2 is an unspecified hydrogen donor.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

lipoproteiny

Lipid-protein complexes involved in the transportation and metabolism of lipids in the body. They are spherical particles consisting of a hydrophobic core of TRIGLYCERIDES and CHOLESTEROL ESTERS surrounded by a layer of hydrophilic free CHOLESTEROL; PHOSPHOLIPIDS; and APOLIPOPROTEINS. Lipoproteins are classified by their varying buoyant density and sizes.
MSH

An important class of serum proteins in which a spherical hydrophobic core of triglycerides or cholesterol esters surrounded by an amphipathic monolayer of phospholipids, cholesterol and apolipoproteins. Classified according to density: chylomicrons, large low density particles, very low density, low density and high density species. Important in lipid transport, especially cholesterol transport in the blood stream. Abnormalities in lipoprotein metabolism have been implicated in certain heart diseases. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Comments are closed