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mrtvola

A dead body, usually a human body.
MSH

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fosfomycin

An antibiotic produced by Streptomyces fradiae.
MSH

A phosphoenolpyruvate analogue and a synthetic broad-spectrum antibiotic with antimicrobial and bactericidal properties. Fosfomycin binds to and inactivates the enzyme enolpyruvate transferase. This leads to an irreversible blockage of the condensation of uridine diphosphate-N-acetylglucosamine with p-enolpyruvate, which is one of the first steps of bacterial cell wall synthesis, thereby eventually causing cell lysis and bacterial cell death.
NCI

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reprodukční a urogenitální systém – fyziologické jevy

Physiology of the human and animal body, male or female, in the processes and characteristics of REPRODUCTION and the URINARY TRACT.
MSH

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viry encefalitidy

A collection of single-stranded RNA viruses scattered across the Bunyaviridae, Flaviviridae, and Togaviridae families whose common property is the ability to induce encephalitic conditions in infected hosts.
MSH

collection of single stranded RNA viruses scattered across the Bunyaviridae, Flaviviridae, and Togaviridae families whose common property is the ability to induce encephalitic conditions in infected hosts.
CSP

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alkoholická cirhóza jater

FIBROSIS of the hepatic parenchyma due to chronic excess ALCOHOL DRINKING.
MSH

liver disease in alcoholics in which the normal microcirculation, the gross vascular anatomy, and the hepatic architecture have been variably destroyed and altered with fibrous septa surrounding regenerated or regenerating parenchymal nodules.
CSP

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šťavelan vápenatý

The calcium salt of oxalic acid, occurring in the urine as crystals and in certain calculi.
MSH

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svoboda

The rights of individuals to act and make decisions without external constraints.
MSH

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dýchací svaly

These include the muscles of the DIAPHRAGM and the INTERCOSTAL MUSCLES.
MSH

the group of muscles involved in ventilation (respiration) including the skeletal muscle of the diaphragm and the intercostal muscles.
CSP

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endokrinní žlázy – nádory

Tumors or cancer of the ENDOCRINE GLANDS.
MSH

new abnormal endocrine gland tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

A benign or malignant neoplasm arising from the epithelial cells of an endocrine organ. –2003
NCI

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Lolium

Common member of the Gramineae family used as cattle fodder. It harbors several fungi and other parasites toxic to livestock and people and produces allergenic compounds, especially in its pollen. The most commonly seen varieties are L. perenne, L. multiflorum, and L. rigidum.
MSH

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kalsequestrin

Acidic protein found in SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM that binds calcium to the extent of 700-900 nmoles/mg. It plays the role of sequestering calcium transported to the interior of the intracellular vesicle.
MSH

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frustrace

The motivational and/or affective state resulting from being blocked, thwarted, disappointed or defeated.
MSH

motivational and/or affective state resulting from being blocked, thwarted, disappointed or defeated.
CSP

The motivational and/or affective state of annoyance resulting from being blocked, thwarted, disappointed or defeated.
NCI

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arteria retinalis – okluze

Sudden ISCHEMIA in the RETINA due to blocked blood flow through the CENTRAL RETINAL ARTERY or its branches leading to sudden complete or partial loss of vision, respectively, in the eye.
MSH

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endotel cévní

Single pavement layer of cells which line the luminal surface of the entire vascular system and regulate the transport of macromolecules and blood components from interstitium to lumen; this function has been most intensively studied in the blood capillaries.
MSH

single pavement layer of cells which line the luminal surface of the cardiovascular system and regulate the transport of macromolecules and blood components from interstitium to lumen.
CSP

Single pavement layer of cells which line the luminal surface of the entire vascular system and regulate the transport of macromolecules and blood components from interstitium to lumen. (MeSH)
NCI

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Lumbale regio

Subdivision of back of trunk which is demarcated from the abdomen by the posterior surface of the anterior layer of the thoracolumbar fascia and the anterior surface of the lumbar vertebral column; together with the abdomen, it constitutes the abdominal segment of trunk. Examples: There is only one back of abdomen.
FMA

Subdivision of abdomen which is demarcated from the front of the abdomen by the posterior surface of the anterior layer of the thoracolumbar fascia and the anterior surface of the lumbar vertebral column; together with the front of the abdomen, it constitutes the abdomen. Examples: There is only one back of abdomen.
UWDA

The area of the body below the ribs and above the hipbones.
NCI

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kanibalismus

Eating other individuals of one`s own species.
MSH

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zuby spojené

Two teeth united during development by the union of their tooth germs; the teeth may be joined by the enamel of their crowns, by their root dentin, or by both.
MSH

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Retroviridae

family of RNA viruses that infects birds and mammals and encodes the enzyme reverse transcriptase; a key feature of retrovirus biology is the synthesis of a DNA copy of the genome which is integrated into cellular DNA; after integration it is sometimes not expressed but maintained in a latent state.
CSP

Family of RNA viruses that infects birds and mammals and encodes the enzyme reverse transcriptase. The family contains seven genera: DELTARETROVIRUS; LENTIVIRUS; RETROVIRUSES TYPE B, MAMMALIAN; ALPHARETROVIRUS; GAMMARETROVIRUS; RETROVIRUSES TYPE D; and SPUMAVIRUS. A key feature of retrovirus biology is the synthesis of a DNA copy of the genome which is integrated into cellular DNA. After integration it is sometimes not expressed but maintained in a latent state (PROVIRUSES).
MSH

A type of virus that has RNA instead of DNA as its genetic material. It uses an enzyme called reverse transcriptase to become part of the host cells` DNA. This allows many copies of the virus to be made in the host cells. The virus that causes AIDS, the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), is a type of retrovirus.
NCI

A family of viruses that possess RNA-dependent DNA polymerases (reverse transcriptases) and contain two identical molecules of positive sense, single-stranded RNA of high molecular weight. This RNA serves as a template for the synthesis of a complementary DNA, which may be integrated into the host DNA. Virions are enveloped.
NCI

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enterohepatický oběh

Recycling through liver by excretion in bile, reabsorption from intestines into portal circulation, passage back into liver, and re-excretion in bile.
MSH

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lutecium

Lutetium. An element of the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Lu, atomic number 71, and atomic weight 175.
MSH

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karbamoylfosfátsynthasa (amoniak)

An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of carbamoyl phosphate from ATP, carbon dioxide, and ammonia. This enzyme is specific for arginine biosynthesis or the urea cycle. Absence or lack of this enzyme may cause CARBAMOYL-PHOSPHATE SYNTHASE I DEFICIENCY DISEASE. EC 6.3.4.16.
MSH

mitochondrial urea cycle enzyme which catalyzes the formation of carbamoylphosphate (a precursor of arginine and pyrimidines) from ammonia deficiency causes hyperammonemia type II.
CSP

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galaktosylceramidy

Cerebrosides which contain as their polar head group a galactose moiety bound in glycosidic linkage to the hydroxyl group of ceramide. Their accumulation in tissue, due to a defect in beta-galactosidase, is the cause of galactosylceramide lipidosis or globoid cell leukodystrophy.
MSH

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celoroční alergická rýma

Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose similar to that found in hay fever except that symptoms persist throughout the year. The causes are usually air-borne allergens, particularly dusts, feathers, molds, animal fur, etc.
MSH

Allergic rhinitis caused by indoor allergens and lasting year round.
NCI

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virus lymfocytární choriomeningitidy

The type species of ARENAVIRUS, part of the Old World Arenaviruses (ARENAVIRUSES, OLD WORLD), producing a silent infection in house and laboratory mice. In humans, infection with LCMV can be inapparent, or can present with an influenza-like illness, a benign aseptic meningitis, or a severe meningoencephalomyelitis. The virus can also infect monkeys, dogs, field mice, guinea pigs, and hamsters, the latter an epidemiologically important host.
MSH

type species of Arenavirus, part of the Old World Arenaviruses etiologic agent of lymphocytic choriomeningitis; occurs naturally in mice, dogs and monkeys.
CSP

A species of single-stranded, negative-sense RNA viruses in the genus arenavirus and family arenaviridae. It is spread by rodents and causes meningitis and encephalitis.
NCI

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karboanhydrasa II

A cytosolic carbonic anhydrase isoenzyme found widely distributed in cells of almost all tissues. Deficiencies of carbonic anhydrase II produce a syndrome characterized by OSTEOPETROSIS, renal tubular acidosis (ACIDOSIS, RENAL TUBULAR) and cerebral calcification. EC 4.2.1.-
MSH

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gamma1-MSH

The 11-residue peptide that is fully amidated.
MSH

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ribitol

A sugar alcohol formed by the reduction of ribose.
MSH

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Macaca

large genus of Old World monkeys (family Cercopithecidae) that includes the macaque and rhesus monkeys, and the Barbary apes; Macaca mulatta, the rhesus monkey, is used as a research animal.
CSP

A genus of the subfamily CERCOPITHECINAE, family CERCOPITHECIDAE, consisting of 16 species inhabiting forests of Africa, Asia, and the islands of Borneo, Philippines, and Celebes.
MSH

Any of several species of short-tailed monkeys of the genus Macacus.
NCI

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karcinom bazocelulární

A malignant skin neoplasm that seldom metastasizes but has potentialities for local invasion and destruction. Clinically it is divided into types: nodular, cicatricial, morphaic, and erythematoid (pagetoid). They develop on hair-bearing skin, most commonly on sun-exposed areas. Approximately 85% are found on the head and neck area and the remaining 15% on the trunk and limbs. (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1471)
MSH

malignant skin neoplasm that seldom metastasizes but has potential for local invasion and destruction; clinically it is divided into types: nodular, cicatricial, morphaic, and erythematoid (pagetoid); develops on hair-bearing skin, most commonly on sun exposed areas.
CSP

Cancer that begins in the lower part of the epidermis (the outer layer of the skin). It may appear as a small white or flesh-colored bump that grows slowly and may bleed. Basal cell cancers are usually found on areas of the body exposed to the sun. Basal cell cancers rarely metastasize (spread) to other parts of the body. They are the most common form of skin cancer.
NCI

a kind of skin cancer
CHV

The most frequently seen skin cancer. It arises from basal cells of the epidermis and pilosebaceous units. Clinically it is divided into the following types: nodular, ulcerative, superficial, multicentric, erythematous, and sclerosing or morphea-like.. More than 95% of these carcinomas occur in patients over 40. They develop on hair-bearing skin, most commonly on sun-exposed areas. Approximately 85% are found on the head and neck and the remaining 15% on the trunk and extremities. Basal cell carcinoma usually grows in a slow and indolent fashion. However, if untreated, the tumor may invade the subcutaneous fat, skeletal muscle and bone. Distant metastases are rare. Excision, curettage and irradiation cure most basal cell carcinomas.
NCI

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žaludek – píštěl

Abnormal passage communicating with the STOMACH.
MSH

abnormal passage communicating with the stomach; often applied to an artificially created opening through the abdominal wall into the stomach (gastrostoma).
CSP

An abnormal communication between the stomach and another organ or anatomic site.
NCI

A disorder characterized by an abnormal communication between the stomach and another organ or anatomic site.
NCI

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