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hydroa vacciniforme

A vesicular and bullous eruption having a tendency to recur in summer during childhood and commonly appearing on sun-exposed skin. The lesions are surrounded by an erythematous zone and resemble a vaccination. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

A rare skin disorder of unknown etiology affecting children. It is a photodermatitis, characterized by the formation of vesicles and scarring on sun exposed areas.
NCI

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Peptococcaceae

A family of bacteria found in the mouth and intestinal and respiratory tracts of man and other animals as well as in the human female urogenital tract. Its organisms are also found in soil and on cereal grains.
MSH

A taxonomic family of bacterium in the phylum Firmicutes that includes the genera Dehalobacter, Peptococcus and Thermincola, among others.
NCI

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deoxyribonukleasa EcoRI

One of the Type II site-specific deoxyribonucleases (EC 3.1.21.4). It recognizes and cleaves the sequence G/AATTC at the slash. EcoRI is from E coliRY13. Several isoschizomers have been identified. EC 3.1.21.-.
MSH

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postoj ke zdraví

Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
MSH

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neovaskularizace patologická

A pathologic process consisting in proliferation of blood vessels in abnormal tissues or in abnormal positions.
MSH

The formation of new or recent blood vessels. The vasculature network is critical to the development of neoplasms. As the tumor burden grows, vascular endothial cells are recruited to form new blood vessels as an increased demand for blood and nourishment is required.
NCI

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sféroplasty

Cells, usually bacteria or yeast, which have partially lost their cell wall, lost their characteristic shape and become round.
MSH

Cells, usually bacteria or yeast, which have partially lost their cell wall, lost their characteristic shape and become round. (MeSH)
NCI

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hydroquinone

1,4-dihydroxybenzene.
CSP

Produced as an inhibitor, an antioxidant, and an intermediate in the synthesis of dyes, motor fuels, and oils; in photographic processing; and naturally in certain plant species, Hydroquinone is a phenol derivative with antioxidant properties that can cause toxicity in several organs, notably the kidney. Used as a topical treatment for skin hyperpigmentation and in various cosmetic products, it is metabolized mainly to glutathione conjugates and forms mutagenic DNA adducts in in-vitro systems. (NCI04)
NCI

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perikarditida

Inflammation of the PERICARDIUM from various origins, such as infection, neoplasm, autoimmune process, injuries, or drug-induced. Pericarditis usually leads to PERICARDIAL EFFUSION, or CONSTRICTIVE PERICARDITIS.
MSH

A disorder characterized by irritation to the layers of the pericardium (the protective sac around the heart).
NCI

An inflammatory process affecting the pericardium.
NCI

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atopická dermatitida

A chronic inflammatory genetically determined disease of the skin marked by increased ability to form reagin (IgE), with increased susceptibility to allergic rhinitis and asthma, and hereditary disposition to a lowered threshold for pruritus. It is manifested by lichenification, excoriation, and crusting, mainly on the flexural surfaces of the elbow and knee. In infants it is known as infantile eczema.
MSH

chronic inflammatory skin disorder in individuals with a hereditary predisposition to a lowered threshold to pruritus; characterized by extreme itching, leading to scratching and rubbing that result in typical lesions of eczema.
CSP

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autoimunitní nemoci

Disorders that are characterized by the production of antibodies that react with host tissues or immune effector cells that are autoreactive to endogenous peptides.
MSH

heading term for a diverse group of disorders characterized by pathologenic immune reactions to autologous (self) tissue; for nonnpatholgical, developmental, or phenomenological aspects of autoimmunity, use AUTOIMMUNITY.
CSP

A condition in which the body recognizes its own tissues as foreign and directs an immune response against them.
NCI

Your body`s immune system protects you from disease and infection. But if you have an autoimmune disease, your immune system attacks healthy cells in your body by mistake. Autoimmune diseases can affect many parts of the body. These diseases tend to run in families. Women – particularly African-American, Hispanic-American, and Native-American women – have a higher risk for some autoimmune diseases.

There are more than 80 types of autoimmune diseases, and some have similar symptoms. This makes it hard for your health care provider to know if you really have one of these diseases, and if so, which one. Getting diagnosed can be frustrating and stressful. In many people, the first symptoms are being tired, muscle aches and low fever.

The diseases may also have flare-ups, when they get worse, and remissions, when they all but disappear. The diseases do not usually go away, but symptoms can be treated.


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder resulting from loss of function or tissue destruction of an organ or multiple organs, arising from humoral or cellular immune responses of the individual to his own tissue constituents.
NCI

A disorder resulting from loss of function or tissue destruction of an organ or multiple organs, arising from humoral or cellular immune responses of the individual to his own tissue constituents. It may be systemic (e.g., systemic lupus erythematosus), or organ specific, (e.g., thyroiditis).
NCI

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nervový systém – nemoci

Diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. This includes disorders of the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscle.
MSH

Any deviation from the normal structure or function of the nervous system that is manifested by a characteristic set of symptoms and signs. (NCI)
NCI

impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning of the nervous system.
CSP

Any deviation from the normal structure or function of the nervous system that is manifested by a characteristic set of symptoms and signs.
NCI

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lamina spiralis ossea

The bony plate which extends outwards from the modiolus into the spiral canal of the cochlea, forming part of the structure that divides the upper SCALA VESTIBULI and the lower SCALA TYMPANI.
MSH

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hydroxyprolin

A hydroxylated form of the imino acid proline. A deficiency in ASCORBIC ACID can result in impaired hydroxyproline formation.
MSH

C5H9NO3; amino acid derived from proline, found in collagen and gelatin.
CSP

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periferní nervy

Subdivision of peripheral nervous system which is a tree whose trunk is a branch of a somatic nerve plexus (cervical, brachial or lumbosacral); it has shared parts with the somatic nerves that contribute to its parent plexus. Examples: phrenic nerve, radial nerve, ilioinguinal nerve, sciatic nerve.
UWDA

The nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord, including the autonomic, cranial, and spinal nerves. Peripheral nerves contain non-neuronal cells and connective tissue as well as axons. The connective tissue layers include, from the outside to the inside, the epineurium, the perineurium, and the endoneurium.
MSH

Neural tree (organ) which is directly continuous with the neuraxis. Examples: phrenic nerve, radial nerve, ilioinguinal nerve, sciatic nerve.
FMA

Any nerve outside the brain or spinal cord that connects with peripheral receptors or effectors. (NCI)
NCI

Any nerve outside the brain or spinal cord that connects with peripheral receptors or effectors.
NCI

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rozvojové země

Countries in the process of change directed toward economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
MSH

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učení vyhýbat se

A response to a cue that is instrumental in avoiding a noxious experience.
MSH

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neuroendokrinologie

The study of the anatomical and functional relationships between the nervous system and the endocrine system.
MSH

Studies of the interactions between the nervous system and endocrine system.
NCI

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spondylolýza

Deficient development or degeneration of a portion of the VERTEBRA, usually in the pars interarticularis (the bone bridge between the superior and inferior facet joints of the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE) leading to SPONDYLOLISTHESIS.
MSH

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hyperglykémie

abnormally high blood glucose level.
CSP

Higher than normal amount of glucose (a type of sugar) in the blood. Hyperglycemia can be a sign of diabetes or other conditions.
NCI

A disorder characterized by laboratory test results that indicate an elevation in the concentration of blood sugar. It is usually an indication of diabetes mellitus or glucose intolerance.
NCI

A high level of blood sugar. It is usually an indication of diabetes mellitus.
NCI

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NORTASUNAREN NAHASTEA

A major deviation from normal patterns of behavior.
MSH

when normal personality traits become inflexible and maladaptive, causing subjective distress or impaired social functioning, they can be considered disorders.
CSP

Personality disorders are long-term patterns of thoughts and behaviors that cause serious problems with relationships and work. People with personality disorders have difficulty dealing with everyday stresses and problems. They often have stormy relationships with other people. The exact cause of personality disorders is unknown. However, genes and childhood experiences may play a role.

Symptoms vary widely depending on the specific type of personality disorder. Treatment usually includes talk therapy and sometimes medicine.


MEDLINEPLUS

A diverse category of psychiatric disorders characterized by behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individual`s culture; this pattern of deviation is pervasive and inflexible and is stable over time. The behavioral pattern negatively interferes with relationships and work.
NCI

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diagnóza

The determination of the nature of a disease or condition, or the distinguishing of one disease or condition from another. Assessment may be made through physical examination, laboratory tests, or the likes. Computerized programs may be used to enhance the decision-making process.
MSH

general term for detecting and classifying diseases.
CSP

The process of identifying a disease, such as cancer, from its signs and symptoms.
NCI

Set of codes depicting clinical disease and conditions


HL7V3.0

The investigation, analysis and recognition of the presence and nature of disease, condition, or injury from expressed signs and symptoms; also, the scientific determination of any kind; the concise results of such an investigation.
NCI

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Azotobacter

genus of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria found in soil and water; its organisms occur singly, in pairs or irregular clumps, and sometimes in chains of varying lengths.
CSP

A genus of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria found in soil and water. Its organisms occur singly, in pairs or irregular clumps, and sometimes in chains of varying lengths.
MSH

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neuropeptidy

Peptides released by NEURONS as intercellular messengers. Many neuropeptides are also hormones released by non-neuronal cells.
MSH

peptides released by neural tissue as intercellular messengers; many are also hormones released by non-neuronal cells.
CSP

A member of a class of protein-like molecules made in the brain. Neuropeptides consist of short chains of amino acids, with some functioning as neurotransmitters and some functioning as hormones.
NCI

Peptides with direct synaptic effects or indirect modulatory effects on the nervous system. A neuropeptide is a molecule released by neurons as an intercellular neurotransmitter. Alternatively, neuropeptides can be released by non-neuronal cells as hormones. They are endogenous peptides such as endorphins that influence neural activity or functioning.
NCI

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musculus stapedius

A tiny muscle that arises from the posterior wall of the TYMPANIC CAVITY of MIDDLE EAR with its tendon inserted onto the neck of the STAPES. Stapedius pulls the stapes posteriorly and controls its movement.
MSH

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hypertenze

Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
MSH

persistantly high arterial blood pressure.
CSP

A blood pressure of 140/90 or higher. High blood pressure usually has no symptoms. It can harm the arteries and cause an increase in the risk of stroke, heart attack, kidney failure, and blindness.
NCI

Blood pressure is the force of your blood pushing against the walls of your arteries. Each time your heart beats, it pumps out blood into the arteries. Your blood pressure is highest when your heart beats, pumping the blood. This is called systolic pressure. When your heart is at rest, between beats, your blood pressure falls. This is the diastolic pressure.

Your blood pressure reading uses these two numbers, the systolic and diastolic pressures. Usually they are written one above or before the other. A reading of

  • 120/80 or lower is normal blood pressure
  • 140/90 or higher is high blood pressure
  • Between 120 and 139 for the top number, or between 80 and 89 for the bottom number is prehypertension

High blood pressure usually has no symptoms, but it can cause serious problems such as stroke, heart failure, heart attack and kidney failure. You can control high blood pressure through healthy lifestyle habits and taking medicines, if needed.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by a pathological increase in blood pressure; a repeatedly elevation in the blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mm Hg.
NCI

Pathological increase in blood pressure; a repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg.
NCI

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fagocyty – baktericidní dysfunkce

disorders in which phagocytic cells cannot kill ingested bacteria; characterized by frequent recurring infection with formulation of granulomas.
CSP

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bránice – eventrace

A congenital abnormality characterized by the elevation of the DIAPHRAGM dome. It is the result of a thinned diaphragmatic muscle and injured PHRENIC NERVE, allowing the intra-abdominal viscera to push the diaphragm upward against the LUNG.
MSH

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baktérie – počet

The quantitative determination of bacterial populations. The two most widely used methods for determining bacterial numbers are: 1) the standard, or viable, plate count method and 2) spectrophotometric (turbidimetric) analysis.
NCI

A measurement of the bacteria in a biological specimen.
NCI

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Nová Anglie

The geographic area of New England in general and when the specific state or states are not indicated. States usually included in this region are Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island.
MSH

The area in the United States comprised of the following states: Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and New Jersey. (from SEERS 2004 codeset)
NCI

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stearyl-CoA desaturasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of oleoyl-CoA, A, and water from stearoyl-CoA, AH2, and oxygen where AH2 is an unspecified hydrogen donor.
MSH

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