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těhotenství – třetí trimestr

The last third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 29th through the 42nd completed week (197 to 294 days) of gestation.
MSH

The period of gestation that ranges from the 28th week of pregnancy until delivery.
NCI

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kyanatany

organic salts of cyanic acid containing the -OCN radical.
CSP

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inosindifosfát

An inosine nucleotide containing a pyrophosphate group esterified to C5 of the sugar moiety.
MSH

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protilátky – rozmanitost

The phenomenon of immense variability characteristic of ANTIBODIES. It enables the IMMUNE SYSTEM to react specifically against the essentially unlimited kinds of ANTIGENS it encounters. Antibody diversity is accounted for by three main theories: (1) the Germ Line Theory, which holds that each antibody-producing cell has genes coding for all possible antibody specificities, but expresses only the one stimulated by antigen; (2) the Somatic Mutation Theory, which holds that antibody-producing cells contain only a few genes, which produce antibody diversity by mutation; and (3) the Gene Rearrangement Theory, which holds that antibody diversity is generated by the rearrangement of IMMUNOGLOBULIN VARIABLE REGION gene segments during the differentiation of the ANTIBODY-PRODUCING CELLS.
MSH

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threonin-tRNA-ligasa

An enzyme that activates threonine with its specific transfer RNA. EC 6.1.1.3.
MSH

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prenatální expozice – zpožděný efekt

The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.
MSH

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cyclopropane

C3H6; a flammable moderately toxic narcotic colorless gas used in organic synthesis and as an anesthetic.
CSP

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ústavy – řídící týmy

Administrator-selected management groups who are responsible for making decisions pertaining to the provision of integrated direction for various institutional functions.
MSH

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antigeny diferenciační B-lymfocytární

Membrane antigens associated with maturation stages of B-lymphocytes, often expressed in tumors of B-cell origin.
MSH

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17-hydroxysteroiddehydrogenasy

A class of enzymes that catalyzes the oxidation of 17-hydroxysteroids to 17-ketosteroids. EC 1.1.-.
MSH

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primáti

order of mammals, including human beings, apes, monkeys, and lemurs; families include Cercopithecidae, Hominidae, Lemuridae, and Pongidae; this term is used to index non-human primates.
CSP

The taxonomic order of mammals that includes man, monkeys, and lemurs.
NCI

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cysteinproteinasy – inhibitory

Exogenous and endogenous compounds which inhibit CYSTEINE ENDOPEPTIDASES.
MSH

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pojištění životní

Insurance providing for payment of a stipulated sum to a designated beneficiary upon death of the insured.
MSH

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antitumorózní kombinovaná chemoterapie – protokoly

The use of two or more chemicals simultaneously or sequentially in the drug therapy of neoplasms. The drugs need not be in the same dosage form.
MSH

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droxidopa

A precursor of noradrenaline that is used in the treatment of parkinsonism. The racemic form (DL-threo-3,4-dihydroxyphenylserine) has also been used, and has been investigated in the treatment of orthostatic hypotension. There is a deficit of noradrenaline as well as of dopamine in Parkinson`s disease and it has been proposed that this underlies the sudden transient freezing seen usually in advanced disease. Administration of DL-threo-3,4-dihydroxyphenylserine has been claimed to result in an improvement in this phenomenon but controlled studies have failed to demonstrate improvement. (Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Englewood, CO, 1995)
MSH

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epidemie

Sudden outbreaks of a disease in a country or region not previously recognized in that area, or a rapid increase in the number of new cases of a previous existing endemic disease. Epidemics can also refer to outbreaks of disease in animal or plant populations.
MSH

An outbreak of a contagious disease that spreads rapidly and widely.
CHV

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proktokolitida

Inflammation of the RECTUM and the distal portion of the COLON.
MSH

Inflammation of the rectum and colon.
NCI

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cytochromy b

cytochromes of the b group that have alpha-band absorption of 563-564 nm and occur as subunits in mitochondrial electron transport complex III.
CSP

Cytochromes of the b group that have alpha-band absorption of 563-564 nm. They occur as subunits in MITOCHONDRIAL ELECTRON TRANSPORT COMPLEX III.
MSH

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interleukin-2

A soluble substance elaborated by antigen- or mitogen-stimulated T-LYMPHOCYTES which induces DNA synthesis in naive lymphocytes.
MSH

interleukin 2 is produced by T cells in response to antigenic or mitogenic stimulation and the signal carried by interleukin 1; it stimulates the proliferation of T cells bearing specific receptors for interleukin 2, expressed by antigenically stimulated T cells; it also seems to induce production of interferon gamma, and is used as an anticancer agent in a wide variety of solid malignant tumors.
CSP

Encoded by human IL2 Gene, Interleukin-2 is a secreted cytokine important for proliferation of T and B lymphocytes. The receptor of this cytokine is a heterotrimeric protein complex whose gamma chain is also shared by interleukin 4 (IL4) and interleukin 7 (IL7). IL2 expression in mature thymocytes is monoallelic, which represents an unusual regulatory mode for controlling expression of a single gene. Targeted disruption of a similar gene in mice leads to ulcerative colitis-like disease, which suggests an essential role in the immune response to antigenic stimuli. (From LocusLink)
NCI

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anus – nemoci

The anus is the opening of the rectum through which stool passes out of your body. Problems with the anus are common. They include hemorrhoids, abscesses, fissures (cracks), and cancer.

Many people are embarrassed to talk about anal troubles. But seeing your doctor about problems in this area is important. This is especially true if you have pain or bleeding. Treatments vary widely depending on the particular problem.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

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6-ketoprostaglandin F1 alfa

The physiologically active and stable hydrolysis product of EPOPROSTENOL. Found in nearly all mammalian tissue.
MSH

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epiziotomie

An incision of the posterior vaginal wall and a portion of the pudenda which enlarges the vaginal introitus to facilitate delivery and prevent lacerations.
MSH

A surgical widening of the introitus by cutting into the musculature of the maternal perineum with a linear midline or oblique incision so as to facilitate vaginal childbirth.
NCI

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programované instrukce

learning method consisting of materials which are presented in a predetermined order with provisions enabling students to check their answers and progress at their own rate; provides immediate feedback about achievement.
CSP

Works consisting of sequenced self-correction texts.
MSH

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cytoplazma

The part of a cell that contains the CYTOSOL and small structures excluding the CELL NUCLEUS; MITOCHONDRIA; and large VACUOLES. (Glick, Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1990)
MSH

protoplasm of a cell exclusive of that of the nucleus; it consists of a continuous aqueous solution (cytosol) and the organelles and inclusions suspended in it (phaneroplasm), and is the site of most of the chemical activities of the cell.
CSP

The fluid inside a cell but outside the cell`s nucleus. Most chemical reactions in a cell take place in the cytoplasm.
NCI

All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures. [ISBN:0198547684]
GO

Cell component which has as its direct parts a portion of cytosol and one or more organelles. Examples: cytoplasm of hepatocyte, cytoplasm of erythrocyte, cytoplasm of thrombocyte, cytoplasm of neuron.
FMA

Cell substance which consists of cytosol and cytoplasmic organelles.
UWDA

That portion of the cell contained within the plasma membrane but excluding the nucleus.
NCI

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meziobratlová ploténka – chemolýza

The dissolving of the nucleus pulposus, the semi-gelatinous tissue of a displaced INTERVERTEBRAL DISC. It is usually achieved by the direct injection of a proteolytic enzyme, especially CHYMOPAPAIN, into the herniated disc.
MSH

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afázie

A cognitive disorder marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or express language in its written or spoken form. This condition is caused by diseases which affect the language areas of the dominant hemisphere. Clinical features are used to classify the various subtypes of this condition. General categories include receptive, expressive, and mixed forms of aphasia.
MSH

cognitive disorder marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or express language in its written or spoken form; caused by diseases which affect the language areas of the dominant hemisphere; general categories include receptive, expressive, and mixed forms of aphasia.
CSP

Aphasia is a disorder caused by damage to the parts of the brain that control language. It can make it hard for you to read, write and say what you mean to say. It is most common in adults who have had a stroke. Brain tumors, infections, injuries and dementia can also cause it. The type of problem you have and how bad it is depends on which part of your brain is damaged and how much damage there is.

There are four main types:

  • Expressive aphasia – you know what you want to say, but you have trouble saying or writing what you mean
  • Receptive aphasia – you hear the voice or see the print, but you can`t make sense of the words
  • Anomic aphasia – you have trouble using the correct word for objects, places or events
  • Global aphasia – you can`t speak, understand speech, read or write

Some people recover from aphasia without treatment. Most, however, need language therapy as soon as possible.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

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krevní skupiny – systém ABO

The major human blood type system which depends on the presence or absence of two antigens A and B. Type O occurs when neither A nor B is present and AB when both are present. A and B are genetic factors that determine the presence of enzymes for the synthesis of certain glycoproteins mainly in the red cell membrane.
MSH

the major human blood type system, which depends on the presence or absence of the two antigenic structures, A and B.
CSP

A blood group system based on recognition of inherited differences in the H antigen as expressed on erythrocytes.
NCI

A system used to group human blood into different types, based on the presence or absence of certain markers on the surface of red blood cells. The four main blood types are A, B, O, and AB. For a blood transfusion, the ABO blood group system is used to match the blood type of the donor and the person receiving the transfusion. People with blood type O can donate blood to anyone and are called universal donors. People with blood type AB can accept blood from all donors and are called universal recipients. People with type A or B can receive matching blood or type O blood.
NCI

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Eremothecium

A genus of ascomycetous yeast in the family Saccharomycetaceae, order SACCHAROMYCETALES. Species in the genus are plant pathogens.
MSH

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propanidid

An intravenous anesthetic that has been used for rapid induction of anesthesia and for maintenance of anesthesia of short duration. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p918)
MSH

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data – zobrazování

The visual display of data in a man-machine system. An example is when data is called from the computer and transmitted to a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY or LIQUID CRYSTAL display.
MSH

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