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nemocnice speciální

Hospitals which provide care for a single category of illness with facilities and staff directed toward a specific service.
MSH

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amylopektin

A highly branched glucan in starch.
MSH

A starch consisting of alpha-D glucose monomers connected by a 1-4 bond and by a 1-6 bond every 24-30 glucose monomers.
NCI

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poruchy vylučování

Excretory-related psychiatric disorders usually diagnosed in infancy or childhood.
MSH

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krční svaly

Muscle (organ) which is a part of the neck. Examples: platysma, sternocleidomastoid, cricothyroid muscle.
UWDA

The neck muscles consist of the platysma, splenius cervicis, sternocleidomastoid(eus), longus colli, the anterior, medius, and posterior scalenes, digastric(us), stylohyoid(eus), mylohyoid(eus), geniohyoid(eus), sternohyoid(eus), omohyoid(eus), sternothyroid(eus), and thyrohyoid(eus).
MSH

Muscle organ which is a part of the neck. Examples: platysma, sternocleidomastoid, cricothyroid muscle.
FMA

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náboženské filosofie

Sets of beliefs on the nature of the universe or Man.
MSH

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buspiron

An anxiolytic agent and a serotonin receptor agonist belonging to the azaspirodecanedione class of compounds. Its structure is unrelated to those of the benzodiazepines, but it has an efficacy comparable to DIAZEPAM.
MSH

8-(4-(2-pyrimidinyl)-1-piperazinyl) butyl-8-azaspirodecane-7,9- dione; serotonergic tranquilizer frequently contrasted with benzodiazepine-type, GABAergic tranquilizers.
CSP

An anxiolytic agent chemically and pharmacologically unrelated to benzodiazepines, barbiturates, or other sedative/hypnotic drugs. Although its exact mechanism of action is unknown, buspirone may exert its anti-anxiety effects via serotonin (5-HT1A) and dopamine receptors (D2) and may indirectly affect other neurotransmitter systems. Unlike typical benzodiazepine anxiolytics, this agent does not exert anticonvulsant or muscle relaxant effects and lacks prominent sedative effects.
NCI

A drug that is used to treat certain anxiety disorders. It belongs to the family of drugs called antianxiety agents.
NCI

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experimenty na lidech

The use of humans as investigational subjects.
MSH

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anatomie pro výtvarníky

The study of the structures of organisms for applications in art: drawing, painting, sculpture, illustration, etc.
MSH

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náhlé příhody – terapie

First aid or other immediate intervention for accidents or medical conditions requiring immediate care and treatment before definitive medical and surgical management can be procured.
MSH

Description:Provision of emergency healthcare .


HL7V3.0

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neonatologie

A subspecialty of Pediatrics concerned with the newborn infant.
MSH

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reprodukční a urogenitální systém – fyziologické jevy

Physiology of the human and animal body, male or female, in the processes and characteristics of REPRODUCTION and the URINARY TRACT.
MSH

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mrtvola

A dead body, usually a human body.
MSH

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hydroa vacciniforme

A vesicular and bullous eruption having a tendency to recur in summer during childhood and commonly appearing on sun-exposed skin. The lesions are surrounded by an erythematous zone and resemble a vaccination. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

A rare skin disorder of unknown etiology affecting children. It is a photodermatitis, characterized by the formation of vesicles and scarring on sun exposed areas.
NCI

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viry encefalitidy

A collection of single-stranded RNA viruses scattered across the Bunyaviridae, Flaviviridae, and Togaviridae families whose common property is the ability to induce encephalitic conditions in infected hosts.
MSH

collection of single stranded RNA viruses scattered across the Bunyaviridae, Flaviviridae, and Togaviridae families whose common property is the ability to induce encephalitic conditions in infected hosts.
CSP

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neovaskularizace patologická

A pathologic process consisting in proliferation of blood vessels in abnormal tissues or in abnormal positions.
MSH

The formation of new or recent blood vessels. The vasculature network is critical to the development of neoplasms. As the tumor burden grows, vascular endothial cells are recruited to form new blood vessels as an increased demand for blood and nourishment is required.
NCI

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dýchací svaly

These include the muscles of the DIAPHRAGM and the INTERCOSTAL MUSCLES.
MSH

the group of muscles involved in ventilation (respiration) including the skeletal muscle of the diaphragm and the intercostal muscles.
CSP

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šťavelan vápenatý

The calcium salt of oxalic acid, occurring in the urine as crystals and in certain calculi.
MSH

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hydroquinone

1,4-dihydroxybenzene.
CSP

Produced as an inhibitor, an antioxidant, and an intermediate in the synthesis of dyes, motor fuels, and oils; in photographic processing; and naturally in certain plant species, Hydroquinone is a phenol derivative with antioxidant properties that can cause toxicity in several organs, notably the kidney. Used as a topical treatment for skin hyperpigmentation and in various cosmetic products, it is metabolized mainly to glutathione conjugates and forms mutagenic DNA adducts in in-vitro systems. (NCI04)
NCI

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endokrinní žlázy – nádory

Tumors or cancer of the ENDOCRINE GLANDS.
MSH

new abnormal endocrine gland tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

A benign or malignant neoplasm arising from the epithelial cells of an endocrine organ. –2003
NCI

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nervový systém – nemoci

Diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. This includes disorders of the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscle.
MSH

Any deviation from the normal structure or function of the nervous system that is manifested by a characteristic set of symptoms and signs. (NCI)
NCI

impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning of the nervous system.
CSP

Any deviation from the normal structure or function of the nervous system that is manifested by a characteristic set of symptoms and signs.
NCI

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arteria retinalis – okluze

Sudden ISCHEMIA in the RETINA due to blocked blood flow through the CENTRAL RETINAL ARTERY or its branches leading to sudden complete or partial loss of vision, respectively, in the eye.
MSH

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kalsequestrin

Acidic protein found in SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM that binds calcium to the extent of 700-900 nmoles/mg. It plays the role of sequestering calcium transported to the interior of the intracellular vesicle.
MSH

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hydroxyprolin

A hydroxylated form of the imino acid proline. A deficiency in ASCORBIC ACID can result in impaired hydroxyproline formation.
MSH

C5H9NO3; amino acid derived from proline, found in collagen and gelatin.
CSP

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endotel cévní

Single pavement layer of cells which line the luminal surface of the entire vascular system and regulate the transport of macromolecules and blood components from interstitium to lumen; this function has been most intensively studied in the blood capillaries.
MSH

single pavement layer of cells which line the luminal surface of the cardiovascular system and regulate the transport of macromolecules and blood components from interstitium to lumen.
CSP

Single pavement layer of cells which line the luminal surface of the entire vascular system and regulate the transport of macromolecules and blood components from interstitium to lumen. (MeSH)
NCI

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neuroendokrinologie

The study of the anatomical and functional relationships between the nervous system and the endocrine system.
MSH

Studies of the interactions between the nervous system and endocrine system.
NCI

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Retroviridae

family of RNA viruses that infects birds and mammals and encodes the enzyme reverse transcriptase; a key feature of retrovirus biology is the synthesis of a DNA copy of the genome which is integrated into cellular DNA; after integration it is sometimes not expressed but maintained in a latent state.
CSP

Family of RNA viruses that infects birds and mammals and encodes the enzyme reverse transcriptase. The family contains seven genera: DELTARETROVIRUS; LENTIVIRUS; RETROVIRUSES TYPE B, MAMMALIAN; ALPHARETROVIRUS; GAMMARETROVIRUS; RETROVIRUSES TYPE D; and SPUMAVIRUS. A key feature of retrovirus biology is the synthesis of a DNA copy of the genome which is integrated into cellular DNA. After integration it is sometimes not expressed but maintained in a latent state (PROVIRUSES).
MSH

A type of virus that has RNA instead of DNA as its genetic material. It uses an enzyme called reverse transcriptase to become part of the host cells` DNA. This allows many copies of the virus to be made in the host cells. The virus that causes AIDS, the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), is a type of retrovirus.
NCI

A family of viruses that possess RNA-dependent DNA polymerases (reverse transcriptases) and contain two identical molecules of positive sense, single-stranded RNA of high molecular weight. This RNA serves as a template for the synthesis of a complementary DNA, which may be integrated into the host DNA. Virions are enveloped.
NCI

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kanibalismus

Eating other individuals of one`s own species.
MSH

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hyperglykémie

abnormally high blood glucose level.
CSP

Higher than normal amount of glucose (a type of sugar) in the blood. Hyperglycemia can be a sign of diabetes or other conditions.
NCI

A disorder characterized by laboratory test results that indicate an elevation in the concentration of blood sugar. It is usually an indication of diabetes mellitus or glucose intolerance.
NCI

A high level of blood sugar. It is usually an indication of diabetes mellitus.
NCI

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enterohepatický oběh

Recycling through liver by excretion in bile, reabsorption from intestines into portal circulation, passage back into liver, and re-excretion in bile.
MSH

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neuropeptidy

Peptides released by NEURONS as intercellular messengers. Many neuropeptides are also hormones released by non-neuronal cells.
MSH

peptides released by neural tissue as intercellular messengers; many are also hormones released by non-neuronal cells.
CSP

A member of a class of protein-like molecules made in the brain. Neuropeptides consist of short chains of amino acids, with some functioning as neurotransmitters and some functioning as hormones.
NCI

Peptides with direct synaptic effects or indirect modulatory effects on the nervous system. A neuropeptide is a molecule released by neurons as an intercellular neurotransmitter. Alternatively, neuropeptides can be released by non-neuronal cells as hormones. They are endogenous peptides such as endorphins that influence neural activity or functioning.
NCI

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