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role lékaře

The expected function of a member of the medical profession.
MSH

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vlasy, chlupy – barva

Color of hair or fur.
MSH

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chemická válka

Tactical warfare using incendiary mixtures, smokes, or irritant, burning, or asphyxiating gases.
MSH

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sulfotransferasy

Enzymes which transfer sulfate groups to various acceptor molecules. They are involved in posttranslational sulfation of proteins and sulfate conjugation of exogenous chemicals and bile acids. EC 2.8.2.
MSH

Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of a sulfate group from 3`-phosphoadenylyl sulfate (active sulfate) to the hydroxyl group of an acceptor, which produces the sulfated derivative and 3`-phosphoadenosine 5`-phosphate. The enzymes are also involved in both the posttranslational sulfation of proteins and sulfate conjugation of exogenous chemicals and bile acids.
NCI

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Methylomonadaceae

A family of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria utilizing only one-carbon organic compounds and isolated from in soil and water.
MSH

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pikrotoxin

A noncompetitive antagonist at GABA-A receptors and thus a convulsant. Picrotoxin blocks the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-activated chloride ionophore. Although it is most often used as a research tool, it has been used as a CNS stimulant and an antidote in poisoning by CNS depressants, especially the barbiturates.
MSH

nonalkaloid extract from the seeds of Anamirta cocculus used as a CNS and respiratory stimulant to counteract toxicity of CNS depressants such as barbiturates; GABA-A receptor antagonist used to probe GABA function in the CNS.
CSP

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postižení

persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.
CSP

Indication of disability.


HL7V3.0

Groups with similar restrictions or lack or ability to perform physical or mental activities in a manner or within the range considered normal for a human being.
NCI

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kuřecí embryo

The developmental entity of a fertilized chicken egg (ZYGOTE). The developmental process begins about 24 h before the egg is laid at the BLASTODISC, a small whitish spot on the surface of the EGG YOLK. After 21 days of incubation, the embryo is fully developed before hatching.
MSH

domestic chicken or any other bird at any stage of development prior to hatching.
CSP

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supinační poloha

The posture of an individual lying face up.
MSH

A posterior recumbent body position whereby the person lies on its back and faces upward.
NCI

A posterior recumbent body position whereby the person lies on its back and faces upward. (NCI)
NCI

Deprecation Comment:This concept has been deprecated because it does not describe a type of Act (as it should in the ActClass code system), but rather encodes the result or value of an observation. The same code has been added to the ObservationValue code system.


HL7V3.0

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myši inbrední BALB C

Derived from albino mice stocks originally disseminated by Bagg (1913) to Snell in 1932 that has an albino coat with genotype A,b,c. The BALB/c mouse develops plasmacytomas upon injection with mineral oil, which form the mouse cell component of the mouse-human hybrid cells that are used in the production of monoclonal antibodies. This strain exhibits excellent breeding performance and a long life span which contribute to its being one of the most highly utilized of all available mouse strains.
NCI

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pirinitramid

A diphenylpropylamine with intense narcotic analgesic activity of long duration. It is a derivative of MEPERIDINE with similar activity and usage.
MSH

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zdravotní péče – koalice

Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.
MSH

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dítě hospitalizované

Child hospitalized for short term care.
MSH

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stomatochirurgie

A dental specialty concerned with the diagnosis and surgical treatment of disease, injuries, and defects of the human oral and maxillofacial region.
MSH

Surgical procedures for treating diseases and disorders of the oral cavity.
NCI

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mikrofilamenta

submicroscopic filaments composed chiefly of actin, found in the cytoplasmic matrix of most cells, often in close association with the microtubules; may play a role in cell and organelle movement and in supportive and cytoskeletal function.
CSP

The part of the cytoskeleton (the internal framework of a cell) composed of actin and associated proteins. Includes actin cytoskeleton-associated complexes. [GOC:jl, ISBN:0395825172, ISBN:0815316194]
GO

A filamentous structure formed of a two-stranded helical polymer of the protein actin and associated proteins. Actin filaments are a major component of the contractile apparatus of skeletal muscle and the microfilaments of the cytoskeleton of eukaryotic cells. The filaments, comprising polymerized globular actin molecules, appear as flexible structures with a diameter of 5-9 nm. They are organized into a variety of linear bundles, two-dimensional networks, and three dimensional gels. In the cytoskeleton they are most highly concentrated in the cortex of the cell just beneath the plasma membrane. [GOC:mah, ISBN:0198506732 “Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”, PMID:10666339]
GO

Fibers composed of MICROFILAMENT PROTEINS, which are predominately ACTIN. They are the smallest of the cytoskeletal filaments.
MSH

The finest filamentous element of the cytoskeleton, having a diameter of about 5 nm and consisting primarily of actin.
NCI

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placentární extrakty

Extracts prepared from placental tissue; they may contain specific but uncharacterized factors or proteins with specific activities.
MSH

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zdravotnické služby

Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.
MSH

providing services for the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.
CSP

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chlordan

A highly poisonous organochlorine insecticide. The EPA has cancelled registrations of pesticides containing this compound with the exception of its use through subsurface ground insertion for termite control and the dipping of roots or tops of non-food plants. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

highly poisonous organochlorine insecticide; the EPA has cancelled registrations of pesticides containing this compound with the exception of its use through subsurface ground insertion for termite control and the dipping of roots or tops of non-food plants.
CSP

Chlordane is a chlorinated hydrocarbon used as a non-systemic contact insecticide for lawns and crops. Actually a complex mixture of isomers, other chlorinated hydrocarbons, and by-products, chlordane is used in termite and ant control, and as a protective treatment for underground cables. Chlordane may be irritant and toxic by ingestion, inhalation, or skin absorption; toxic effects may be cumulative. When heated to decomposition, chlordane emits toxic fumes of carbon monoxide, hydrogen chloride, chlorine, and phosgene. Chlordane is very persistent in the environment, surviving in soils for more than 20 years. U.S. production of chlordane was stopped in 1976. (NCI04)
NCI

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pot

The fluid excreted by the SWEAT GLANDS. It consists of water containing sodium chloride, phosphate, urea, ammonia, and other waste products.
MSH

Secretion produced by a sweat gland.
UWDA

fluid excreted by the sweat glands; consists of water containing sodium chloride, phosphate, urea, ammonia, and other waste products.
CSP

Sweat is a clear, salty liquid produced by glands in your skin. Sweating is how your body cools itself. You sweat mainly under your arms and on your feet and palms. When sweat mixes with bacteria on your skin, it can cause a smell. Bathing regularly and using antiperspirants or deodorants can help control the odor.

Sweating a lot is normal when it is hot or when you exercise, are anxious or have a fever. It also happens during menopause. However, if you often sweat too much, which is called hyperhidrosis, it might be due to a thyroid or nervous system disorder, low blood sugar or another health problem.

Sweating too little, anhidrosis, can be life-threatening because your body can overheat. Causes of anhidrosis include dehydration, burns, and some skin and nerve disorders.


MEDLINEPLUS

The liquid secreted by the sweat glands. (NCI)
NCI

Secretion produced by a sweat gland.
FMA

The liquid secreted by the sweat glands, having a salty taste and a pH that varies from 4.5 to 7.5. Sweat produced by the eccrine sweat glands is clear with a faint characteristic odor, and contains water, sodium chloride, and traces of albumin, urea, and other compounds. Its composition varies with many factors, e.g., fluid intake, external temperature and humidity, and some hormonal activity. Sweat produced by the larger, deeper, apocrine sweat glands of the axillae contains, in addition, organic material which on bacterial decomposition produces an offensive odor.
NCI

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mikrotubulární proteiny

Proteins found in the microtubules.
MSH

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plazmatická transglutaminasa

Despite the non-specific name it generally refers to Factor XIIIa. A few citations use the term nonspecif to state of activation.
MSH

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srdce – převodní systém

An impulse-conducting system composed of modified cardiac muscle, having the power of spontaneous rhythmicity and conduction more highly developed than the rest of the heart.
MSH

impulse conducting system composed of modified cardiac muscle and having the power of spontaneous rhythmicity and conduction more highly developed than the rest of the heart.
CSP

Conducting tissue of heart which consists of specialized cardiac myocyte in the myocardium.
FMA

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chlorfenamidin

An acaricide used against many organophosphate and carbamate resistant pests. It acts as an uncoupling agent and monoamine oxidase inhibitor.
MSH

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syndaktylie

A congenital anomaly of the hand or foot, marked by the webbing between adjacent fingers or toes. Syndactylies are classified as complete or incomplete by the degree of joining. Syndactylies can also be simple or complex. Simple syndactyly indicates joining of only skin or soft tissue; complex syndactyly marks joining of bony elements.
MSH

A congenital condition characterized by webbing between the fingers and/or toes, joining the digits together. In rare cases, the joining of the fingers or toes may involve bony fusion between the digits. Common causes include Down Syndrome and hereditary syndactyly.
NCI

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mimosin

3-Hydroxy-4-oxo-1(4H)-pyridinealanine. An antineoplastic alanine-substituted pyridine derivative isolated from Leucena glauca.
MSH

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trombocyty – deficit ukládacího poolu

Disorder characterized by a decrease or lack of platelet dense bodies in which the releasable pool of adenine nucleotides and 5HT are normally stored.
MSH

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vyčerpání z tepla

A clinical syndrome caused by heat stress, such as over-exertion in a hot environment or excessive exposure to sun. It is characterized by SWEATING, water (volume) depletion, salt depletion, cool clammy skin, NAUSEA, and HEADACHE.
MSH

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cholera

An acute diarrheal disease endemic in India and Southeast Asia whose causative agent is VIBRIO CHOLERAE. This condition can lead to severe dehydration in a matter of hours unless quickly treated.
MSH

acute diarrheal disease endemic in India and southeast Asia whose causative agent is Vibrio cholerae; can lead to severe dehydration in a matter of hours unless quickly treated.
CSP

Cholera is a bacterial infection that causes diarrhea. The cholera bacterium is usually found in water or food contaminated by feces (poop). Cholera is rare in the US. You may get it if you travel to parts of the world with inadequate water treatment and poor sanitation, and lack of sewage treatment. Outbreaks can also happen after disasters. The disease is not likely to spread directly from one person to another.

Often the infection is mild or without symptoms, but sometimes it can be severe. Severe symptoms include profuse watery diarrhea, vomiting, and leg cramps. In severe cases, rapid loss of body fluids leads to dehydration and shock. Without treatment, death can occur within hours.

Doctors diagnose cholera with a stool sample or rectal swab. Treatment includes replacing fluid and salts and sometimes antibiotics.

Anyone who thinks they may have cholera should seek medical attention immediately. Dehydration can be rapid so fluid replacement is essential.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


MEDLINEPLUS

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atrioventrikulární nodální reentry tachykardie

Abnormally rapid heartbeats caused by reentry of atrial impulse into the dual (fast and slow) pathways of ATRIOVENTRICULAR NODE. The common type involves a blocked atrial impulse in the slow pathway which reenters the fast pathway in a retrograde direction and simultaneously conducts to the atria and the ventricles leading to rapid HEART RATE of 150-250 beats per minute.
MSH

A supraventricular tachycardia due to reentry along a circuit contained within the AV node. AVNRT is the most common form of supraventricular tachycardia and usually presents as a narrow QRS complex tachycardia at a rate between 150 and 250 beats per minute. (NCI)
NCI

A supraventricular tachycardia due to reentry along a circuit contained within the AV node. AVNRT is the most common form of supraventricular tachycardia and usually presents as a narrow QRS complex tachycardia at a rate between 150 and 250 beats per minute.
NCI

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mithramycin

A tricyclic pentaglycosidic antibiotic from Streptomyces strains that inhibits RNA and protein synthesis by adhering to DNA. It is used as a fluorescent dye and as an antineoplastic agent, especially in bone and testicular tumors. Plicamycin is also used to reduce hypercalcemia, especially that due to malignancies.
MSH

tricyclic pentaglycosidic antibiotic from Streptomyces strains that inhibits RNA and protein synthesis by adhering to DNA; used as a fluorescent dye and as an antineoplastic agent, especially in bone and testicular tumors; also used to reduce hypercalcemia, especially that due to malignancies.
CSP

A drug used to treat some types of testicular cancer. It is also used to treat a higher-than-normal amounts of calcium in the blood or urine. Mithracin binds to DNA and prevents cells from making RNA and proteins. It is a type of antineoplastic antibiotic.
NCI

An antibiotic isolated from the bacterium Streptomyces plicatus with antineoplastic activity. Plicamycin, also known as mithramycin, binds to the minor groove of DNA at GC-rich sites, resulting in inhibition of RNA synthesis; this agent also inhibits mRNA expression, resulting in a reduction in protein synthesis. In addition, plicamycin may inhibit bone resorption by down regulating transcription of c-src, an oncogene involved in bone metabolism and resorption. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41738&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41738&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C658″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

An antibiotic isolated from the bacterium Streptomyces plicatus with antineoplastic activity. Plicamycin, also known as mithramycin, binds to the minor groove of DNA at GC-rich sites, resulting in inhibition of RNA synthesis; this agent also inhibits mRNA expression, resulting in a reduction in protein synthesis. In addition, plicamycin may inhibit bone resorption by down regulating transcription of c-src, an oncogene involved in bone metabolism and resorption. (NCI04)
NCI

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