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Materiaalonderzoek, biocompatibel

evaluation of synthetic or industrial materials intended for use in contact with human tissues.
CSP

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maligní hypertermie

Rapid and excessive rise of temperature accompanied by muscular rigidity following general anesthesia.
MSH

usually inherited reaction to general anesthesia manifested as a sudden, rapid rise in temperature, hypermetabolism, and skeletal muscle rigidity; mutation is in the calcium release channel of skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum.
CSP

A rare disorder characterized by rapid rise of the body temperature, accompanied by rhabdomyolysis and, if untreated, by collapse and death. It occurs in susceptible individuals who receive certain drugs for general anesthesia, gas anesthetics, or succinylcholine. It may be inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern.
NCI

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periferní nervy

Subdivision of peripheral nervous system which is a tree whose trunk is a branch of a somatic nerve plexus (cervical, brachial or lumbosacral); it has shared parts with the somatic nerves that contribute to its parent plexus. Examples: phrenic nerve, radial nerve, ilioinguinal nerve, sciatic nerve.
UWDA

The nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord, including the autonomic, cranial, and spinal nerves. Peripheral nerves contain non-neuronal cells and connective tissue as well as axons. The connective tissue layers include, from the outside to the inside, the epineurium, the perineurium, and the endoneurium.
MSH

Neural tree (organ) which is directly continuous with the neuraxis. Examples: phrenic nerve, radial nerve, ilioinguinal nerve, sciatic nerve.
FMA

Any nerve outside the brain or spinal cord that connects with peripheral receptors or effectors. (NCI)
NCI

Any nerve outside the brain or spinal cord that connects with peripheral receptors or effectors.
NCI

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genová přestavba

The ordered rearrangement of gene regions by DNA recombination such as that which occurs normally during development.
MSH

covalent DNA changes in cells during normal differentiation resulting in new sequences, expression, or gene products; mechanism of binding site diversification for antibodies, certain receptors, and possibly other proteins.
CSP

Any DNA sequence rearrangement that results in the creation of a novel protein-coding capacity. Within certain genes, gene rearrangement is a normal part of development, facilitating the affinity maturation of B and T lymphocytes as well as class switching of immunoglobulins.
NCI

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DNA-viry nádorové

DNA viruses producing malignant tumors. Of the six major groupings of DNA viruses four contain members which are actually or potentially oncogenic: the Adenoviridae, the Herpesviridae, the Papovaviridae, and the Poxviridae.
MSH

A virus which uses DNA to code its genome and causes tumors in animals.
NCI

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spondylolýza

Deficient development or degeneration of a portion of the VERTEBRA, usually in the pars interarticularis (the bone bridge between the superior and inferior facet joints of the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE) leading to SPONDYLOLISTHESIS.
MSH

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biomedicínské inženýrství

Application of principles and practices of engineering science to biomedical research and health care.
MSH

interdisciplinary field that applies physical, chemical, mathematical sciences and engineering principles to the study of biology, medicine, behavior, and health.
CSP

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mandibula – poranění

Injuries to the lower jaw bone.
MSH

Your jaw is a set of bones that holds your teeth. It consists of two main parts. The upper part is the maxilla. It doesn`t move. The moveable lower part is called the mandible. You move it when you talk or chew. The two halves of the mandible meet at your chin. The joint where the mandible meets your skull is the temporomandibular joint.

Jaw problems include

Treatment of jaw problems depends on the cause.


MEDLINEPLUS

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NORTASUNAREN NAHASTEA

A major deviation from normal patterns of behavior.
MSH

when normal personality traits become inflexible and maladaptive, causing subjective distress or impaired social functioning, they can be considered disorders.
CSP

Personality disorders are long-term patterns of thoughts and behaviors that cause serious problems with relationships and work. People with personality disorders have difficulty dealing with everyday stresses and problems. They often have stormy relationships with other people. The exact cause of personality disorders is unknown. However, genes and childhood experiences may play a role.

Symptoms vary widely depending on the specific type of personality disorder. Treatment usually includes talk therapy and sometimes medicine.


MEDLINEPLUS

A diverse category of psychiatric disorders characterized by behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individual`s culture; this pattern of deviation is pervasive and inflexible and is stable over time. The behavioral pattern negatively interferes with relationships and work.
NCI

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geny nef

DNA sequences that form the coding region for a protein that down-regulates the expression of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). nef is short for negative factor.
MSH

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dihydroxyfenylalanin

A beta-hydroxylated derivative of phenylalanine. The D-form of dihydroxyphenylalanine has less physiologic activity than the L-form and is commonly used experimentally to determine whether the pharmacological effects of LEVODOPA are stereospecific.
MSH

D1 and D2 agonist; precursor in dopamine biosynthesis; levodopa or L-DOPA is the generic name of the antiparkinson drug.
CSP

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musculus stapedius

A tiny muscle that arises from the posterior wall of the TYMPANIC CAVITY of MIDDLE EAR with its tendon inserted onto the neck of the STAPES. Stapedius pulls the stapes posteriorly and controls its movement.
MSH

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porod

The process of giving birth to one or more offspring.
MSH

emerging from a womb or egg; includes the process of delivery or hatching.
CSP

The reproductive process in which the parent is separated from its offspring either by giving birth to live young or by laying eggs. [ISBN:0198506732 “Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”]
GO

The event of being born.
NCI

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manuály jako téma

A small handbook.
NCI

Books designed to give factual information or instructions.
MSH

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fagocyty – baktericidní dysfunkce

disorders in which phagocytic cells cannot kill ingested bacteria; characterized by frequent recurring infection with formulation of granulomas.
CSP

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pohlavní orgány mužské – nemoci

Pathological processes involving the male reproductive tract (GENITALIA, MALE).
MSH

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chování při pití

Behaviors associated with the ingesting of water and other liquids; includes rhythmic patterns of drinking (time intervals – onset and duration), frequency and satiety.
MSH

The specific actions or reactions of an organism relating to the intake of liquids, especially water. [GOC:curators]
GO

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stearyl-CoA desaturasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of oleoyl-CoA, A, and water from stearoyl-CoA, AH2, and oxygen where AH2 is an unspecified hydrogen donor.
MSH

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Blastomyces dermatitidis

etiologic agent of North American blastomycosis.
CSP

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Masonův-Pfizerův virus opic

A species of BETARETROVIRUS isolated from mammary carcinoma in rhesus monkeys. It appears to have evolved from a recombination between a murine B oncovirus and a primate C oncovirus related to the baboon endogenous virus. Several serologically distinct strains exist. MPMV induces SIMIAN AIDS.
MSH

species of beta retrovirus isolated from mammary carcinoma in rhesus monkeys; it appears to have evolved from a recombination between a murine B oncovirus and a primate C oncovirus related to the baboon endogenous virus; several serologically distinct strains exist; MPMV induces simian AIDS (SAIDS).
CSP

Mason-Pfizer Monkey Virus; causes AIDS-like disease (NCI)
NCI

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fenazocin

An opioid analgesic with actions and uses similar to MORPHINE. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1095)
MSH

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germanium

A rare metal element with a blue-gray appearance and atomic symbol Ge, atomic number 32, and atomic weight 72.63.
MSH

rare metal element with a blue-gray appearance, atomic symbol Ge, atomic number 32, and atomic weight 72.59.
CSP

a kind of chemical element
CHV

An element with atomic symbol Ge, atomic number 32, and atomic weight 72.64.
NCI

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léky – rezistence

Diminished or failed response of an organism, disease or tissue to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should be differentiated from DRUG TOLERANCE which is the progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, as a result of continued administration.
MSH

tendency of biological systems (organisms, cells, or cell-free systems) to fail to respond as expected to drug treatment or exposure; may be due to specific enzymes, transporters, or receptors which block drug action.
CSP

OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete). [GOC:go_curators]
GO

Mechanisms, functions, activities, or processes exhibited by tumors or pathogens to withstand previously toxic drugs.
NCI

The failure of cancer cells, viruses, or bacteria to respond to a drug used to kill or weaken them. The cells, viruses, or bacteria may be resistant to the drug at the beginning of treatment, or may become resistant after being exposed to the drug.
NCI

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Stevensův-Johnsonův syndrom

A variant of bullous erythema multiforme. It ranges from mild skin and mucous membrane lesions to a severe, sometimes fatal systemic disorder. Ocular symptoms include ulcerative conjunctivitis, keratitis, iritis, uveitis, and sometimes blindness. The cause of the disease is unknown.
MSH

A systemic, serious, and life-threatening disorder characterized by lesions in the skin and mucous membranes that may lead to necrosis. The lesions may appear anywhere in the body but they occur more commonly in the palms, soles, dorsum of the hands, and extensor surfaces. The lesions are vesicular or necrotic in the center, surrounded by an erythematous zone and occupy less than 10% of the body surfaces. The appearance of the mucocutaneous lesions is preceded by an upper respiratory tract infection. It is an immune complex hypersensitivity reaction usually caused by drugs (e.g., sulfa, phenytoin, penicillin), viruses (e.g., herpes simplex, influenza, hepatitis), and malignancies (e.g., carcinoma and lymphoma).
NCI

A disorder characterized by less than 10% total body skin area separation of dermis. The syndrome is thought to be a hypersensitivity complex affecting the skin and the mucous membranes.
NCI

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krevní glukosa

Glucose in blood.
MSH

levels of glucose found in the blood.
CSP

Glucose (a type of sugar) found in the blood.
NCI

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vyrobené materiály

Substances and materials manufactured for use in various technologies and industries and for domestic use.
MSH

Corresponds to the ManufacturedMaterial class


HL7V3.0

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fenylbutyráty

cytostatic, apoptosis inducing agent; effects cell differentiation.
CSP

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dásně – hyperplazie

Non-inflammatory enlargement of the gingivae produced by factors other than local irritation. It is characteristically due to an increase in the number of cells. (From Jablonski`s Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p400)
MSH

abnormal multiplication of otherwise normal gingival cells, leading to tissue enlargement.
CSP

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Papilla duodeni, minor

The minor duodenal papilla (when present) connects the accessory pancreatic duct to the DUODENUM.
MSH

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Lactococcus lactis

A non-pathogenic species of LACTOCOCCUS found in DAIRY PRODUCTS and responsible for the souring of MILK and the production of LACTIC ACID.
MSH

A species of Gram positive, cocci shaped, lactic acid bacteria assigned to the phylum Firmicutes. This species is nonmotile, catalase negative, nonsporulating and produces lactic acid from lactose fermentation. L lactis may be an opportunistic pathogen in humans and animals. Most significantly this microorganism is used commercially in the production of buttermilk and cheese.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Lactococcus lactis.
NCI

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