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receptory opiátové

Cell membrane proteins that bind opioids and trigger intracellular changes which influence the behavior of cells. The endogenous ligands for opioid receptors in mammals include three families of peptides, the enkephalins, endorphins, and dynorphins. The receptor classes include mu, delta, and kappa receptors. Sigma receptors bind several psychoactive substances, including certain opioids, but their endogenous ligands are not known.
MSH

family of cell surface receptors which mediate opiate drug effects on neurons, lymphocytes, macrophages, and other cells; may or may not coincide with neuropeptide receptors; some are G protein coupled to calcium channel inhibition.
CSP

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germanium

A rare metal element with a blue-gray appearance and atomic symbol Ge, atomic number 32, and atomic weight 72.63.
MSH

rare metal element with a blue-gray appearance, atomic symbol Ge, atomic number 32, and atomic weight 72.59.
CSP

a kind of chemical element
CHV

An element with atomic symbol Ge, atomic number 32, and atomic weight 72.64.
NCI

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cysteinproteinasy – inhibitory

Exogenous and endogenous compounds which inhibit CYSTEINE ENDOPEPTIDASES.
MSH

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aminy

A group of compounds derived from ammonia by substituting organic radicals for the hydrogens. (From Grant & Hackh`s Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
MSH

group of compounds derived from ammonia by substituting organic radicals for the hydrogens.
CSP

A class of organic compounds that contain nitrogen as the pivotal atom for functional groups. There are several different types of amines and the class is extensive.
NCI

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vyrobené materiály

Substances and materials manufactured for use in various technologies and industries and for domestic use.
MSH

Corresponds to the ManufacturedMaterial class


HL7V3.0

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antitumorózní kombinovaná chemoterapie – protokoly

The use of two or more chemicals simultaneously or sequentially in the drug therapy of neoplasms. The drugs need not be in the same dosage form.
MSH

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receptory somatotropinu

Cell surface proteins that bind GROWTH HORMONE with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes influencing the behavior of cells. Activation of growth hormone receptors regulates amino acid transport through cell membranes, RNA translation to protein, DNA transcription, and protein and amino acid catabolism in many cell types. Many of these effects are mediated indirectly through stimulation of the release of somatomedins.
MSH

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dásně – hyperplazie

Non-inflammatory enlargement of the gingivae produced by factors other than local irritation. It is characteristically due to an increase in the number of cells. (From Jablonski`s Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p400)
MSH

abnormal multiplication of otherwise normal gingival cells, leading to tissue enlargement.
CSP

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cytochromy b

cytochromes of the b group that have alpha-band absorption of 563-564 nm and occur as subunits in mitochondrial electron transport complex III.
CSP

Cytochromes of the b group that have alpha-band absorption of 563-564 nm. They occur as subunits in MITOCHONDRIAL ELECTRON TRANSPORT COMPLEX III.
MSH

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porfobilinogensynthasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of porphobilinogen from two molecules of 5-aminolevulinic acid. EC 4.2.1.24.
MSH

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Mayotte

A country in Southern Africa, occupying an island in the Mozambique Channel, about one-half of the way from northern Madagascar to northern Mozambique. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Southern Africa, occupying an island in the Mozambique Channel, about one-half of the way from northern Madagascar to northern Mozambique. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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anus – nemoci

The anus is the opening of the rectum through which stool passes out of your body. Problems with the anus are common. They include hemorrhoids, abscesses, fissures (cracks), and cancer.

Many people are embarrassed to talk about anal troubles. But seeing your doctor about problems in this area is important. This is especially true if you have pain or bleeding. Treatments vary widely depending on the particular problem.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

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Reduviidae

A family of winged insects of the suborder HETEROPTERA, called assassin bugs, because most prey on other insects. However one subfamily, TRIATOMINAE, attacks humans and other vertebrates and transmits Chagas disease.
MSH

family of winged insects of the suborder Heteroptera, called assassin bugs, because most prey on other insects; however one subfamily, Triatominae, attacks humans and other vertebrates and transmits Chagas disease.
CSP

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glomangiom

A blue-red, extremely painful vascular neoplasm involving a glomeriform arteriovenous anastomosis (glomus body), which may be found anywhere in the skin, most often in the distal portion of the fingers and toes, especially beneath the nail. It is composed of specialized pericytes (sometimes termed glomus cells), usually in single encapsulated nodular masses which may be several millimeters in diameter (From Stedman, 27th ed). CHEMODECTOMA, a tumor of NEURAL CREST origin, is also sometimes called a glomus tumor.
MSH

A rare benign or malignant mesenchymal neoplasm arising from cells that resemble the modified smooth muscle cells of the glomus body. The majority of glomus tumors occur in the distal extremities.
NCI

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cytoplazma

The part of a cell that contains the CYTOSOL and small structures excluding the CELL NUCLEUS; MITOCHONDRIA; and large VACUOLES. (Glick, Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1990)
MSH

protoplasm of a cell exclusive of that of the nucleus; it consists of a continuous aqueous solution (cytosol) and the organelles and inclusions suspended in it (phaneroplasm), and is the site of most of the chemical activities of the cell.
CSP

The fluid inside a cell but outside the cell`s nucleus. Most chemical reactions in a cell take place in the cytoplasm.
NCI

All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures. [ISBN:0198547684]
GO

Cell component which has as its direct parts a portion of cytosol and one or more organelles. Examples: cytoplasm of hepatocyte, cytoplasm of erythrocyte, cytoplasm of thrombocyte, cytoplasm of neuron.
FMA

Cell substance which consists of cytosol and cytoplasmic organelles.
UWDA

That portion of the cell contained within the plasma membrane but excluding the nucleus.
NCI

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Amoeba

A genus of ameboid protozoa. Characteristics include a vesicular nucleus and the formation of several lodopodia, one of which is dominant at a given time. Reproduction occurs asexually by binary fission.
MSH

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lékařská podpora

Financing of medical care provided to public assistance recipients.
MSH

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afázie

A cognitive disorder marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or express language in its written or spoken form. This condition is caused by diseases which affect the language areas of the dominant hemisphere. Clinical features are used to classify the various subtypes of this condition. General categories include receptive, expressive, and mixed forms of aphasia.
MSH

cognitive disorder marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or express language in its written or spoken form; caused by diseases which affect the language areas of the dominant hemisphere; general categories include receptive, expressive, and mixed forms of aphasia.
CSP

Aphasia is a disorder caused by damage to the parts of the brain that control language. It can make it hard for you to read, write and say what you mean to say. It is most common in adults who have had a stroke. Brain tumors, infections, injuries and dementia can also cause it. The type of problem you have and how bad it is depends on which part of your brain is damaged and how much damage there is.

There are four main types:

  • Expressive aphasia – you know what you want to say, but you have trouble saying or writing what you mean
  • Receptive aphasia – you hear the voice or see the print, but you can`t make sense of the words
  • Anomic aphasia – you have trouble using the correct word for objects, places or events
  • Global aphasia – you can`t speak, understand speech, read or write

Some people recover from aphasia without treatment. Most, however, need language therapy as soon as possible.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

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vládní regulace

Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
MSH

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transportní proteiny pro sodík a glukosu

Monosaccharide transport proteins that function as active symporters. They utilize SODIUM or HYDROGEN IONS to transport GLUCOSE across CELL MEMBRANES.
MSH

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data – zobrazování

The visual display of data in a man-machine system. An example is when data is called from the computer and transmitted to a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY or LIQUID CRYSTAL display.
MSH

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amylopektin

A highly branched glucan in starch.
MSH

A starch consisting of alpha-D glucose monomers connected by a 1-4 bond and by a 1-6 bond every 24-30 glucose monomers.
NCI

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lékařství ajurvédy

The traditional Hindu system of medicine which is based on customs, beliefs, and practices of the Hindu culture. Ayurveda means “the science of Life”: veda – science, ayur – life.
MSH

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apraxie

loss of ability to perform familiar, purposeful movements in the absence of paralysis or other neural sensorimotor impairment.
CSP

A group of cognitive disorders characterized by the inability to perform previously learned skills that cannot be attributed to deficits of motor or sensory function. The two major subtypes of this condition are ideomotor (see APRAXIA, IDEOMOTOR) and ideational apraxia, which refers to loss of the ability to mentally formulate the processes involved with performing an action. For example, dressing apraxia may result from an inability to mentally formulate the act of placing clothes on the body. Apraxias are generally associated with lesions of the dominant PARIETAL LOBE and supramarginal gyrus. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp56-7)
MSH

a kind of neurological disorder characterized by loss of the ability to perform voluntary and skillful movements
CHV

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náboženské filosofie

Sets of beliefs on the nature of the universe or Man.
MSH

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gluteny

Prolamins in the endosperm of SEEDS from the Triticeae tribe which includes species of WHEAT; BARLEY; and RYE.
MSH

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Deciduacel, reactie van de

The cellular and vascular changes occurring in the endometrium of the pregnant uterus just after the onset of blastocyst implantation. This process involves the proliferation and differentiation of the fibroblast-like endometrial stromal cells into large, polyploid decidual cells that eventually form the maternal component of the placenta. [ISBN:0721662544 “Dorland`s Illustrated Medical Dictionary”, PMID:11133685]
GO

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anatomie pro výtvarníky

The study of the structures of organisms for applications in art: drawing, painting, sculpture, illustration, etc.
MSH

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melanom experimentální

Experimentally induced tumor that produces MELANIN in animals to provide a model for studying human MELANOMA.
MSH

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arbovirové infekce

Infections caused by arthropod-borne viruses, general or unspecified.
MSH

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