Shopping Page. Buy or upgrade website.

buňky – inhibice migrace

Phenomenon of cell-mediated immunity measured by in vitro inhibition of the migration or phagocytosis of antigen-stimulated LEUKOCYTES or MACROPHAGES. Specific CELL MIGRATION ASSAYS have been developed to estimate levels of migration inhibitory factors, immune reactivity against tumor-associated antigens, and immunosuppressive effects of infectious microorganisms.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

larynx umělý

A device, activated electronically or by expired pulmonary air, which simulates laryngeal activity and enables a laryngectomized person to speak. Examples of the pneumatic mechanical device are the Tokyo and Van Hunen artificial larynges. Electronic devices include the Western Electric electrolarynx, Tait oral vibrator, Cooper-Rand electrolarynx and the Ticchioni pipe.
MSH

A laryngeal prosthesis (Taub design) is a device intended to direct pulmonary air flow to the pharynx in the absence of the larynx, thereby permitting esophageal speech. The device is interposed between openings in the trachea and the esophagus and may be removed and replaced each day by the patient. During phonation, air from the lungs is directed to flow through the device and over the esophageal mucosa to provide a sound source that is articulated as speech.
SPN

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

železnaté sloučeniny

Inorganic or organic compounds that contain divalent iron.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

lamina spiralis ossea

The bony plate which extends outwards from the modiolus into the spiral canal of the cochlea, forming part of the structure that divides the upper SCALA VESTIBULI and the lower SCALA TYMPANI.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

periferní nervy

Subdivision of peripheral nervous system which is a tree whose trunk is a branch of a somatic nerve plexus (cervical, brachial or lumbosacral); it has shared parts with the somatic nerves that contribute to its parent plexus. Examples: phrenic nerve, radial nerve, ilioinguinal nerve, sciatic nerve.
UWDA

The nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord, including the autonomic, cranial, and spinal nerves. Peripheral nerves contain non-neuronal cells and connective tissue as well as axons. The connective tissue layers include, from the outside to the inside, the epineurium, the perineurium, and the endoneurium.
MSH

Neural tree (organ) which is directly continuous with the neuraxis. Examples: phrenic nerve, radial nerve, ilioinguinal nerve, sciatic nerve.
FMA

Any nerve outside the brain or spinal cord that connects with peripheral receptors or effectors. (NCI)
NCI

Any nerve outside the brain or spinal cord that connects with peripheral receptors or effectors.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

látky ovlivňující centrální nervový systém

A class of drugs producing both physiological and psychological effects through a variety of mechanisms. They can be divided into “specific” agents, e.g., affecting an identifiable molecular mechanism unique to target cells bearing receptors for that agent, and “nonspecific” agents, those producing effects on different target cells and acting by diverse molecular mechanisms. Those with nonspecific mechanisms are generally further classed according to whether they produce behavioral depression or stimulation. Those with specific mechanisms are classed by locus of action or specific therapeutic use. (From Gilman AG, et al., Goodman and Gilman`s The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed, p252)
MSH

class of drugs producing both physiological and psychological effects through a variety of mechanisms involving the central nervous system.
CSP

NOTE: Includes all single-entity and combination analgesic products containing an opioid agonist or partial agonist (CN101); non-opioid single-entity and combination analgesic products containing acetaminophen and/or salicylates (CN103); single-entity monocyclic, bicyclic, or tetracyclic antidepressants (CN609); and single-entity products containing a phenothiazine or thioxanthene (CN701). Excludes antitussive products containing an agonist or partial agonist opioid (RE301); antidiarrheal products containing tincture of opium or paregoric (GA400); single- entity anticholinergic products and dopamine agonists (AU350); pargyline (CV490); procarbazine (AN900); anesthetics, local topical (DE700).
NDFRT

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

poruchy učení

Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual`s perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, dyscalculia, and dysgraphia.
MSH

conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual`s perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills; may result from organic or psychological conditions.
CSP

Learning disorders affect how a person understands, remembers and responds to new information. People with learning disorders may have problems

  • Listening or paying attention
  • Speaking
  • Reading or writing
  • Doing math

Although learning disorders occur in very young children, they are usually not recognized until the child reaches school age. About one-third of children who have learning disabilities also have ADHD, which makes it hard to focus.

Evaluation and testing by a trained professional can help identify a learning disorder. The next step is special education, which involves helping your child in the areas where he or she needs the most help. Sometimes tutors or speech or language therapists also work with the children. Learning disorders do not go away, but strategies to work around them can make them less of a problem.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

A group of disorders that affect a person`s ability to learn or process specific types of information which is in contrast to his/her apparent level of intellect.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

fetišismus (psychiatrický)

A condition in which inanimate objects are utilized as a preferred or exclusive method of stimulating erotic arousal.
MSH

A disorder characterized by recurrent sexual urges, fantasies, or behaviors involving the use of nonliving objects such as women`s wearing apparel (the “fetish”).
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

spondylolýza

Deficient development or degeneration of a portion of the VERTEBRA, usually in the pars interarticularis (the bone bridge between the superior and inferior facet joints of the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE) leading to SPONDYLOLISTHESIS.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

NORTASUNAREN NAHASTEA

A major deviation from normal patterns of behavior.
MSH

when normal personality traits become inflexible and maladaptive, causing subjective distress or impaired social functioning, they can be considered disorders.
CSP

Personality disorders are long-term patterns of thoughts and behaviors that cause serious problems with relationships and work. People with personality disorders have difficulty dealing with everyday stresses and problems. They often have stormy relationships with other people. The exact cause of personality disorders is unknown. However, genes and childhood experiences may play a role.

Symptoms vary widely depending on the specific type of personality disorder. Treatment usually includes talk therapy and sometimes medicine.


MEDLINEPLUS

A diverse category of psychiatric disorders characterized by behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individual`s culture; this pattern of deviation is pervasive and inflexible and is stable over time. The behavioral pattern negatively interferes with relationships and work.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

cerebelární ataxie

Incoordination of voluntary movements that occur as a manifestation of CEREBELLAR DISEASES. Characteristic features include a tendency for limb movements to overshoot or undershoot a target (dysmetria), a tremor that occurs during attempted movements (intention TREMOR), impaired force and rhythm of diadochokinesis (rapidly alternating movements), and GAIT ATAXIA. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p90)
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

zákonodárství veterinární

Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of veterinary medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

fibróza

Any pathological condition where fibrous connective tissue invades any organ, usually as a consequence of inflammation or other injury.
MSH

development of excess fibrous connective tissue in an organ.
CSP

The growth of fibrous tissue.
NCI

The formation of fibrous tissue; fibroid or fibrous degeneration.
NCI

formation of excess fibrous connective tissue
CHV

The formation of fibrous tissue; fibroid or fibrous degeneration.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

musculus stapedius

A tiny muscle that arises from the posterior wall of the TYMPANIC CAVITY of MIDDLE EAR with its tendon inserted onto the neck of the STAPES. Stapedius pulls the stapes posteriorly and controls its movement.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

fagocyty – baktericidní dysfunkce

disorders in which phagocytic cells cannot kill ingested bacteria; characterized by frequent recurring infection with formulation of granulomas.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

In Cerebrospinal Fluid

Used for the presence or analysis of substances in the cerebrospinal fluid; also for examination of or changes in cerebrospinal fluid in disease states.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

levhart

The species Panthera pardus, not to be confused with leopards in other genera.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

hasicí systémy

Automatic or hand operated equipment used to control and extinguish fires.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

stearyl-CoA desaturasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of oleoyl-CoA, A, and water from stearoyl-CoA, AH2, and oxygen where AH2 is an unspecified hydrogen donor.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

fenazocin

An opioid analgesic with actions and uses similar to MORPHINE. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1095)
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

cesium – radioisotopy

Unstable isotopes of cesium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Cs atoms with atomic weights of 123, 125-132, and 134-145 are radioactive cesium isotopes.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

leukémie chronická lymfocytární B-buněčná

chronic leukemia characterized by morphologically mature but immunologically less mature lymphocytes; manifested by an abnormal accumulation of these cells in blood, bone marrow, and lymphatic tissue.
CSP

An indolent (slow-growing) cancer in which too many immature lymphocytes (white blood cells) are found mostly in the blood and bone marrow. Sometimes, in later stages of the disease, cancer cells are found in the lymph nodes and the disease is called small lymphocytic lymphoma.
NCI

A chronic leukemia characterized by abnormal B-lymphocytes and often generalized lymphadenopathy. In patients presenting predominately with blood and bone marrow involvement it is called chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL); in those predominately with enlarged lymph nodes it is called small lymphocytic lymphoma. These terms represent spectrums of the same disease.
MSH

Leukemia is cancer of the white blood cells. White blood cells help your body fight infection. Your blood cells form in your bone marrow. In leukemia, however, the bone marrow produces abnormal white blood cells. These cells crowd out the healthy blood cells, making it hard for blood to do its work. In chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), there are too many of a specific type of white blood cell called a lymphocyte.

CLL is the second most common form of leukemia in adults. It often occurs during or after middle age and rarely occurs in children.

Usually CLL does not cause any symptoms at all. If you have symptoms, they may include:

  • Painless swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, underarm, stomach or groin
  • Feeling very tired
  • Pain or a feeling of fullness below the ribs
  • Fever and infection
  • Weight loss

Tests that examine the blood, bone marrow, and lymph nodes diagnose CLL. Your doctor may choose to just monitor you until you have symptoms. Treatments include radiation therapy, chemotherapy, surgery to remove the spleen, and targeted immune therapy.

NIH: National Cancer Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

The most common type of chronic lymphoid leukemia. It comprises 90% of chronic lymphoid leukemias in the United States. Morphologically, the neoplastic cells are small, round B-lymphocytes. This type of leukemia is not considered to be curable with available therapy. (WHO, 2001)
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

flavoproteiny

protein containing a flavin ribonucleotide as a prosthetic group; most are enzymes; many are found in complexes containing metal ions and an iron-sulfur complex or a heme; they catalyze a wide variety of oxidation-reduction reactions.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Stevensův-Johnsonův syndrom

A variant of bullous erythema multiforme. It ranges from mild skin and mucous membrane lesions to a severe, sometimes fatal systemic disorder. Ocular symptoms include ulcerative conjunctivitis, keratitis, iritis, uveitis, and sometimes blindness. The cause of the disease is unknown.
MSH

A systemic, serious, and life-threatening disorder characterized by lesions in the skin and mucous membranes that may lead to necrosis. The lesions may appear anywhere in the body but they occur more commonly in the palms, soles, dorsum of the hands, and extensor surfaces. The lesions are vesicular or necrotic in the center, surrounded by an erythematous zone and occupy less than 10% of the body surfaces. The appearance of the mucocutaneous lesions is preceded by an upper respiratory tract infection. It is an immune complex hypersensitivity reaction usually caused by drugs (e.g., sulfa, phenytoin, penicillin), viruses (e.g., herpes simplex, influenza, hepatitis), and malignancies (e.g., carcinoma and lymphoma).
NCI

A disorder characterized by less than 10% total body skin area separation of dermis. The syndrome is thought to be a hypersensitivity complex affecting the skin and the mucous membranes.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

fenylbutyráty

cytostatic, apoptosis inducing agent; effects cell differentiation.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

chemická válka

Tactical warfare using incendiary mixtures, smokes, or irritant, burning, or asphyxiating gases.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

leukocyty – počet

The number of WHITE BLOOD CELLS per unit volume in venous BLOOD. A differential leukocyte count measures the relative numbers of the different types of white cells.
MSH

number of white blood cells per unit volume in venous blood.
CSP

A test to determine the number of leukocytes in a sample of blood.
NCI

A measurement of the leukocytes in a biological specimen.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

fluokortolon

A glucocorticoid with anti-inflammatory activity used topically for various skin disorders.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Lactococcus lactis

A non-pathogenic species of LACTOCOCCUS found in DAIRY PRODUCTS and responsible for the souring of MILK and the production of LACTIC ACID.
MSH

A species of Gram positive, cocci shaped, lactic acid bacteria assigned to the phylum Firmicutes. This species is nonmotile, catalase negative, nonsporulating and produces lactic acid from lactose fermentation. L lactis may be an opportunistic pathogen in humans and animals. Most significantly this microorganism is used commercially in the production of buttermilk and cheese.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Lactococcus lactis.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

flebitida

Inflammation of a vein, often a vein in the leg. Phlebitis associated with a blood clot is called (THROMBOPHLEBITIS).
MSH

A disorder characterized by inflammation of the wall of a vein.
NCI

Inflammation (redness, swelling, pain, and heat) of a vein, usually in the legs. Phlebitis may be caused by infection, injury, or irritation.
NCI

Inflammation of a vein.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Comments are closed