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zubní náhrady – baze

The part of a denture that overlies the soft tissue and supports the supplied teeth and is supported in turn by abutment teeth or the residual alveolar ridge. It is usually made of resins or metal or their combination.
MSH

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threonin-tRNA-ligasa

An enzyme that activates threonine with its specific transfer RNA. EC 6.1.1.3.
MSH

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atenolol

A cardioselective beta-1 adrenergic blocker possessing properties and potency similar to PROPRANOLOL, but without a negative inotropic effect.
MSH

l-p-carbamoylmethylphenoxy-3-isopropylamino -2-propanol, is a peripheral beta blocker used as an antihypertensive; propranolol, by contrast, also has CNS effects.
CSP

a drug that treats rapid heart rate and high blood pressure
CHV

A synthetic isopropylamino-propanol derivative used as an antihypertensive, hypotensive and antiarrhythmic Atenolol acts as a peripheral, cardioselective beta blocker specific for beta-1 adrenergic receptors, without intrinsic sympathomimetic effects. It reduces exercise heart rates and delays atrioventricular conduction, with overall oxygen requirements decreasing. (NCI04)
NCI

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Kartagenerův syndrom

An autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a triad of DEXTROCARDIA; INFERTILITY; and SINUSITIS. The syndrome is caused by mutations of DYNEIN genes encoding motility proteins which are components of sperm tails, and CILIA in the respiratory and the reproductive tracts.
MSH

A rare autosomal recessive inherited syndrome characterized by situs inversus, bronchiectasis, and chronic sinusitis. There is a defect in the function of the cilia that line the respiratory tract.
NCI

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prenatální expozice – zpožděný efekt

The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.
MSH

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exo-1,4-alfa-glukosidasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal 1,4-linked alpha-D-glucose residues successively from non-reducing ends of polysaccharide chains with the release of beta-glucose. It is also able to hydrolyze 1,6-alpha-glucosidic bonds when the next bond in sequence is 1,4.
MSH

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deoxyribonukleasa EcoRI

One of the Type II site-specific deoxyribonucleases (EC 3.1.21.4). It recognizes and cleaves the sequence G/AATTC at the slash. EcoRI is from E coliRY13. Several isoschizomers have been identified. EC 3.1.21.-.
MSH

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17-hydroxysteroiddehydrogenasy

A class of enzymes that catalyzes the oxidation of 17-hydroxysteroids to 17-ketosteroids. EC 1.1.-.
MSH

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postoj ke zdraví

Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
MSH

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keratóza seboroická

Benign eccrine poromas that present as multiple oval, brown-to-black plaques, located mostly on the chest and back. The age of onset is usually in the fourth or fifth decade.
MSH

A common benign skin neoplasm usually affecting older individuals. The lesions usually are multiple and arise in the face, chest, and shoulders. They appear as black or brown, slightly elevated skin lesions.
NCI

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primáti

order of mammals, including human beings, apes, monkeys, and lemurs; families include Cercopithecidae, Hominidae, Lemuridae, and Pongidae; this term is used to index non-human primates.
CSP

The taxonomic order of mammals that includes man, monkeys, and lemurs.
NCI

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Extrapyramidová porucha

defects in basal ganglia function; characterized by changes in muscle tone, poverty of voluntary movements (akinesia), or abnormal involuntary movements (dyskinesia).
CSP

A movement disorder caused by defects in the basal ganglia. The clinical manifestations include changes in the muscle tone, dyskinesia, and akinesia. Causes include vascular disorders, degenerative disorders, and antipsychotic drugs.
NCI

A disorder characterized by abnormal, repetitive, involuntary muscle movements, frenzied speech and extreme restlessness.
NCI

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atopická dermatitida

A chronic inflammatory genetically determined disease of the skin marked by increased ability to form reagin (IgE), with increased susceptibility to allergic rhinitis and asthma, and hereditary disposition to a lowered threshold for pruritus. It is manifested by lichenification, excoriation, and crusting, mainly on the flexural surfaces of the elbow and knee. In infants it is known as infantile eczema.
MSH

chronic inflammatory skin disorder in individuals with a hereditary predisposition to a lowered threshold to pruritus; characterized by extreme itching, leading to scratching and rubbing that result in typical lesions of eczema.
CSP

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droxidopa

A precursor of noradrenaline that is used in the treatment of parkinsonism. The racemic form (DL-threo-3,4-dihydroxyphenylserine) has also been used, and has been investigated in the treatment of orthostatic hypotension. There is a deficit of noradrenaline as well as of dopamine in Parkinson`s disease and it has been proposed that this underlies the sudden transient freezing seen usually in advanced disease. Administration of DL-threo-3,4-dihydroxyphenylserine has been claimed to result in an improvement in this phenomenon but controlled studies have failed to demonstrate improvement. (Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Englewood, CO, 1995)
MSH

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autoimunitní nemoci

Disorders that are characterized by the production of antibodies that react with host tissues or immune effector cells that are autoreactive to endogenous peptides.
MSH

heading term for a diverse group of disorders characterized by pathologenic immune reactions to autologous (self) tissue; for nonnpatholgical, developmental, or phenomenological aspects of autoimmunity, use AUTOIMMUNITY.
CSP

A condition in which the body recognizes its own tissues as foreign and directs an immune response against them.
NCI

Your body`s immune system protects you from disease and infection. But if you have an autoimmune disease, your immune system attacks healthy cells in your body by mistake. Autoimmune diseases can affect many parts of the body. These diseases tend to run in families. Women – particularly African-American, Hispanic-American, and Native-American women – have a higher risk for some autoimmune diseases.

There are more than 80 types of autoimmune diseases, and some have similar symptoms. This makes it hard for your health care provider to know if you really have one of these diseases, and if so, which one. Getting diagnosed can be frustrating and stressful. In many people, the first symptoms are being tired, muscle aches and low fever.

The diseases may also have flare-ups, when they get worse, and remissions, when they all but disappear. The diseases do not usually go away, but symptoms can be treated.


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder resulting from loss of function or tissue destruction of an organ or multiple organs, arising from humoral or cellular immune responses of the individual to his own tissue constituents.
NCI

A disorder resulting from loss of function or tissue destruction of an organ or multiple organs, arising from humoral or cellular immune responses of the individual to his own tissue constituents. It may be systemic (e.g., systemic lupus erythematosus), or organ specific, (e.g., thyroiditis).
NCI

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ledviny – dřeň

The internal portion of the kidney, consisting of striated conical masses, the renal pyramids, whose bases are adjacent to the cortex and whose apices form prominent papillae projecting into the lumen of the minor calyces.
MSH

internal portion of the kidney, consisting of striated conical masses, the renal pyramids, whose bases are adjacent to the cortex and whose apices form prominent papillae projecting into the lumen of the minor calyces.
CSP

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proktokolitida

Inflammation of the RECTUM and the distal portion of the COLON.
MSH

Inflammation of the rectum and colon.
NCI

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oční řasy

The hairs which project from the edges of the EYELIDS.
MSH

Anyone of the short hairs that grow on the edge of the eyelid.
NCI

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rozvojové země

Countries in the process of change directed toward economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
MSH

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6-ketoprostaglandin F1 alfa

The physiologically active and stable hydrolysis product of EPOPROSTENOL. Found in nearly all mammalian tissue.
MSH

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učení vyhýbat se

A response to a cue that is instrumental in avoiding a noxious experience.
MSH

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Klebsiella – infekce

Infections with bacteria of the genus KLEBSIELLA.
MSH

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programované instrukce

learning method consisting of materials which are presented in a predetermined order with provisions enabling students to check their answers and progress at their own rate; provides immediate feedback about achievement.
CSP

Works consisting of sequenced self-correction texts.
MSH

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faktor X – nedostatek

Blood coagulation disorder usually inherited as an autosomal recessive trait, though it can be acquired. It is characterized by defective activity in both the intrinsic and extrinsic pathways, impaired thromboplastin time, and impaired prothrombin consumption.
MSH

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diagnóza

The determination of the nature of a disease or condition, or the distinguishing of one disease or condition from another. Assessment may be made through physical examination, laboratory tests, or the likes. Computerized programs may be used to enhance the decision-making process.
MSH

general term for detecting and classifying diseases.
CSP

The process of identifying a disease, such as cancer, from its signs and symptoms.
NCI

Set of codes depicting clinical disease and conditions


HL7V3.0

The investigation, analysis and recognition of the presence and nature of disease, condition, or injury from expressed signs and symptoms; also, the scientific determination of any kind; the concise results of such an investigation.
NCI

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krevní skupiny – systém ABO

The major human blood type system which depends on the presence or absence of two antigens A and B. Type O occurs when neither A nor B is present and AB when both are present. A and B are genetic factors that determine the presence of enzymes for the synthesis of certain glycoproteins mainly in the red cell membrane.
MSH

the major human blood type system, which depends on the presence or absence of the two antigenic structures, A and B.
CSP

A blood group system based on recognition of inherited differences in the H antigen as expressed on erythrocytes.
NCI

A system used to group human blood into different types, based on the presence or absence of certain markers on the surface of red blood cells. The four main blood types are A, B, O, and AB. For a blood transfusion, the ABO blood group system is used to match the blood type of the donor and the person receiving the transfusion. People with blood type O can donate blood to anyone and are called universal donors. People with blood type AB can accept blood from all donors and are called universal recipients. People with type A or B can receive matching blood or type O blood.
NCI

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Azotobacter

genus of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria found in soil and water; its organisms occur singly, in pairs or irregular clumps, and sometimes in chains of varying lengths.
CSP

A genus of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria found in soil and water. Its organisms occur singly, in pairs or irregular clumps, and sometimes in chains of varying lengths.
MSH

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kynurenin

aromatic aminoacid formed as an intermediate in the metabolism of tryptophan.
CSP

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propanidid

An intravenous anesthetic that has been used for rapid induction of anesthesia and for maintenance of anesthesia of short duration. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p918)
MSH

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famotidin

A competitive histamine H2-receptor antagonist. Its main pharmacodynamic effect is the inhibition of gastric secretion.
MSH

A propanimidamide and histamine H2-receptor antagonist with antacid activity. As a competitive inhibitor of histamine H2-receptors located on the basolateral membrane of the parietal cell, famotidine reduces basal and nocturnal gastric acid secretion, resulting in a reduction in gastric volume, acidity, and amount of gastric acid released in response to various stimuli.
NCI

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