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Peptococcaceae

A family of bacteria found in the mouth and intestinal and respiratory tracts of man and other animals as well as in the human female urogenital tract. Its organisms are also found in soil and on cereal grains.
MSH

A taxonomic family of bacterium in the phylum Firmicutes that includes the genera Dehalobacter, Peptococcus and Thermincola, among others.
NCI

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menarche

The first MENSTRUAL CYCLE marked by the initiation of MENSTRUATION.
MSH

The beginning of the menstrual cycle; the first menstrual cycle in an individual. [GOC:curators, PMID:16311040]
GO

Onset of menses.
NCI

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konduktometrie

Determination of the quantity of a material present in a mixture by measurement of its effect on the electrical conductivity of the mixture. (Webster, 3d ed)
MSH

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struma substernální

An enlarged THYROID GLAND with at least 50% of the gland situated behind the STERNUM. It is an unusual presentation of an intrathoracic goiter. Substernal goiters frequently cause compression on the TRACHEA leading to deviation, narrowing, and respiratory symptoms.
MSH

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sféroplasty

Cells, usually bacteria or yeast, which have partially lost their cell wall, lost their characteristic shape and become round.
MSH

Cells, usually bacteria or yeast, which have partially lost their cell wall, lost their characteristic shape and become round. (MeSH)
NCI

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perikarditida

Inflammation of the PERICARDIUM from various origins, such as infection, neoplasm, autoimmune process, injuries, or drug-induced. Pericarditis usually leads to PERICARDIAL EFFUSION, or CONSTRICTIVE PERICARDITIS.
MSH

A disorder characterized by irritation to the layers of the pericardium (the protective sac around the heart).
NCI

An inflammatory process affecting the pericardium.
NCI

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duševní zdraví – služby

Organized services to provide mental health care.
MSH

providing services for the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of mental disease and the maintenance of mental health.
CSP

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konzervovaná sekvence

A sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide or of nucleotides in DNA or RNA that is similar across multiple species. A known set of conserved sequences is represented by a CONSENSUS SEQUENCE. AMINO ACID MOTIFS are often composed of conserved sequences.
MSH

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vládní programy

Programs and activities sponsored or administered by local, state, or national governments.
MSH

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lamina spiralis ossea

The bony plate which extends outwards from the modiolus into the spiral canal of the cochlea, forming part of the structure that divides the upper SCALA VESTIBULI and the lower SCALA TYMPANI.
MSH

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periferní nervy

Subdivision of peripheral nervous system which is a tree whose trunk is a branch of a somatic nerve plexus (cervical, brachial or lumbosacral); it has shared parts with the somatic nerves that contribute to its parent plexus. Examples: phrenic nerve, radial nerve, ilioinguinal nerve, sciatic nerve.
UWDA

The nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord, including the autonomic, cranial, and spinal nerves. Peripheral nerves contain non-neuronal cells and connective tissue as well as axons. The connective tissue layers include, from the outside to the inside, the epineurium, the perineurium, and the endoneurium.
MSH

Neural tree (organ) which is directly continuous with the neuraxis. Examples: phrenic nerve, radial nerve, ilioinguinal nerve, sciatic nerve.
FMA

Any nerve outside the brain or spinal cord that connects with peripheral receptors or effectors. (NCI)
NCI

Any nerve outside the brain or spinal cord that connects with peripheral receptors or effectors.
NCI

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mezenterium – lymfadenitida

INFLAMMATION of LYMPH NODES in the MESENTERY.
MSH

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antikoncepční látky orální hormonální

Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.
MSH

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granulózo-luteinové buňky

Supporting cells for the developing female gamete in the OVARY. They are derived from the coelomic epithelial cells of the gonadal ridge. Granulosa cells form a single layer around the OOCYTE in the primordial ovarian follicle and advance to form a multilayered cumulus oophorus surrounding the OVUM in the Graafian follicle. The major functions of granulosa cells include the production of steroids and LH receptors (RECEPTORS, LH).
MSH

cells surrounding the vesicular ovarian follicle and forming the stratum granulosum and cumulus oophorus; after ovulation, they are transformed to lutein cells.
CSP

A cuboidal cell derived from a spindle-shaped granulosa cell precursor. Initially, ovarian granulosa cells create a single layer surrounding an oocyte. The oocyte and its single layer of ovarian granulosa cells make up a primary follicle. Proliferation of the ovarian granulosa cells leads to multiple cell layers surrounding the oocyte and maturation into a secondary follicle. The granulosa cells extend cytoplasmic processes to form gestational gap-junction-like unions with the plasma membrane of the oocyte. The continued growth of the ovarian granulosa cells takes the oocyte to the Graafian follicle stage. Once ovulation occurs, the granulosa cells become part of the corpus luteum. A major function of an ovarian granulosa cell is hormone production and secretion.
NCI

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spondylolýza

Deficient development or degeneration of a portion of the VERTEBRA, usually in the pars interarticularis (the bone bridge between the superior and inferior facet joints of the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE) leading to SPONDYLOLISTHESIS.
MSH

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NORTASUNAREN NAHASTEA

A major deviation from normal patterns of behavior.
MSH

when normal personality traits become inflexible and maladaptive, causing subjective distress or impaired social functioning, they can be considered disorders.
CSP

Personality disorders are long-term patterns of thoughts and behaviors that cause serious problems with relationships and work. People with personality disorders have difficulty dealing with everyday stresses and problems. They often have stormy relationships with other people. The exact cause of personality disorders is unknown. However, genes and childhood experiences may play a role.

Symptoms vary widely depending on the specific type of personality disorder. Treatment usually includes talk therapy and sometimes medicine.


MEDLINEPLUS

A diverse category of psychiatric disorders characterized by behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individual`s culture; this pattern of deviation is pervasive and inflexible and is stable over time. The behavioral pattern negatively interferes with relationships and work.
NCI

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kovy

Electropositive chemical elements characterized by ductility, malleability, luster, and conductance of heat and electricity. They can replace the hydrogen of an acid and form bases with hydroxyl radicals. (Grant & Hackh`s Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
MSH

element marked by luster, malleability, ductility, and conductivity of electricity and heat and which will ionized positively in solution.
CSP

Electropositive chemical elements characterised by ductility, malleability, luster, and conductance of heat and electricity. They can replace the hydrogen of an acid and form bases with hydroxyl radicals. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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koproporfyriny

Porphyrins with four methyl and four propionic acid side chains attached to the pyrrole rings. Elevated levels of Coproporphyrin III in the urine and feces are major findings in patients with HEREDITARY COPROPORPHYRIA.
MSH

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Guadeloupe

The name of two islands of the West Indies, separated by a narrow channel. Their capital is Basse-Terre. They were discovered by Columbus in 1493, occupied by the French in 1635, held by the British at various times between 1759 and 1813, transferred to Sweden in 1813, and restored to France in 1816. Its status was changed from colony to a French overseas department in 1946. Columbus named it in honor of the monastery of Santa Maria de Guadalupe in Spain. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p470 & Room, Brewer`s Dictionary of Names, 1992, p221)
MSH

Islands in the eastern Caribbean Sea, southeast of Puerto Rico. (NCI)
NCI

Islands in the eastern Caribbean Sea, southeast of Puerto Rico. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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musculus stapedius

A tiny muscle that arises from the posterior wall of the TYMPANIC CAVITY of MIDDLE EAR with its tendon inserted onto the neck of the STAPES. Stapedius pulls the stapes posteriorly and controls its movement.
MSH

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fagocyty – baktericidní dysfunkce

disorders in which phagocytic cells cannot kill ingested bacteria; characterized by frequent recurring infection with formulation of granulomas.
CSP

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methapyrilen

Histamine H1 antagonist with sedative action used as a hypnotic and in allergies.
MSH

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corpora allata

Paired or fused ganglion-like bodies in the head of insects. The bodies secrete hormones important in the regulation of metamorphosis and the development of some adult tissues.
MSH

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Guinea-Bissau

A republic in western Africa, south of SENEGAL and west of GUINEA. Its capital is Bissau.
MSH

A country in Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Senegal. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Senegal. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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anémie sideroblastická

Anemia characterized by the presence of erythroblasts containing excessive deposits of iron in the marrow.
MSH

acquired or hereditary anemia marked by sideroblasts: bone marrow cells with large mitochondrial deposits of insoluble iron due to defective heme synthesis, leading to ineffective erythropoiesis.
CSP

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stearyl-CoA desaturasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of oleoyl-CoA, A, and water from stearoyl-CoA, AH2, and oxygen where AH2 is an unspecified hydrogen donor.
MSH

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fenazocin

An opioid analgesic with actions and uses similar to MORPHINE. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1095)
MSH

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methoxyhydroxyfenylglykol

Synthesized from endogenous epinephrine and norepinephrine in vivo. It is found in brain, blood, CSF, and urine, where its concentrations are used to measure catecholamine turnover.
MSH

metabolite of epinephrine and norepinephrine found in blood, brain, CSF, and urine, where it is used as a measure of catecholamine turnover.
CSP

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kotinin

The N-glucuronide conjugate of cotinine is a major urinary metabolite of NICOTINE. It thus serves as a biomarker of exposure to tobacco SMOKING. It has CNS stimulating properties.
MSH

The major metabolite of nicotine.
NCI

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vlasy, chlupy – barva

Color of hair or fur.
MSH

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