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epiziotomie

An incision of the posterior vaginal wall and a portion of the pudenda which enlarges the vaginal introitus to facilitate delivery and prevent lacerations.
MSH

A surgical widening of the introitus by cutting into the musculature of the maternal perineum with a linear midline or oblique incision so as to facilitate vaginal childbirth.
NCI

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preexcitace – typ Mahaimův

A form of ventricular pre-excitation characterized by a normal PR interval and a long QRS interval with an initial slow deflection (delta wave). In this syndrome, the atrial impulse travel to the ventricle via the MAHAIM FIBERS which connect ATRIOVENTRICULAR NODE directly to the right ventricle wall (NODOVENTRICULAR ACCESSORY PATHWAY) or to the RIGHT BUNDLE BRANCH OF HIS (nodofascicular accessory pathway).
MSH

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dijodthyroniny

These metabolites of THYROXINE are formed by the deiodination of T3 or reverse T3.
MSH

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bentonit

A colloidal, hydrated aluminum silicate that swells 12 times its dry size when added to water.
MSH

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meziobratlová ploténka – chemolýza

The dissolving of the nucleus pulposus, the semi-gelatinous tissue of a displaced INTERVERTEBRAL DISC. It is usually achieved by the direct injection of a proteolytic enzyme, especially CHYMOPAPAIN, into the herniated disc.
MSH

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thioredoxin-disulfidreduktasa

A FLAVOPROTEIN enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of THIOREDOXINS to thioredoxin disulfide in the presence of NADP+. It was formerly listed as EC 1.6.4.5
MSH

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Eremothecium

A genus of ascomycetous yeast in the family Saccharomycetaceae, order SACCHAROMYCETALES. Species in the genus are plant pathogens.
MSH

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těhotenství – třetí trimestr

The last third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 29th through the 42nd completed week (197 to 294 days) of gestation.
MSH

The period of gestation that ranges from the 28th week of pregnancy until delivery.
NCI

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Dinitrophenyl Compounds

Nitroaromatic compounds containing two nitrogen groups on a phenyl ring used as pharmaceuticals, pesticides, explosives, and comprise a group of environmental pollutants.
NCI

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benzoylarginin-2-naftylamid

An enzyme substrate which permits the measurement of peptide hydrolase activity, e.g. trypsin and thrombin. The enzymes liberate 2-naphthylamine, which is measured by colorimetric procedures.
MSH

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nitroděložní antikoncepční prostředky

Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.
MSH

A device usually made of plastic or metal, inserted into the uterus to prevent conception. IUCD can be a coil, loop, triangle, or T in shape; its material can be impregnated with a pharmaceutical agent. The primary action of all IUCDs is the induction of a foreign-body reaction within the endometrium. This sterile inflammatory process is toxic to gametes, primarily spermatozoa, and effectively prevents viable sperm from passing into the fallopian tubes. The copper-bearing device has an independent toxic effect on spermatozoa. The progestin-releasing devices produce changes in endometrial architecture and function that reduce the potential for implantation of a fertilized egg. The progestin effect on the cervical mucus also reduces the penetrability of sperm.
NCI

A small, plastic T-shaped device that is placed inside the uterus (the small, hollow, pear-shaped organ in a woman`s pelvis in which a fetus develops) to prevent pregnancy. Intrauterine devices prevent sperm from fertilizing an egg, and prevent fertilized eggs from implanting in the uterus. The use of intrauterine devices is also being studied in the prevention and treatment of endometrial cancer and other conditions.
NCI

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threonin-tRNA-ligasa

An enzyme that activates threonine with its specific transfer RNA. EC 6.1.1.3.
MSH

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Erythrocebus patas

A species of the genus ERYTHROCEBUS, subfamily CERCOPITHECINAE, family CERCOPITHECIDAE. It inhabits the flat open arid country of Africa. It is also known as the patas monkey or the red monkey.
MSH

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prenatální expozice – zpožděný efekt

The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.
MSH

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Diptera

have one pair of membraneous wings, 3 segmented antennae, compound eye, sucking mouth parts, and 5 segmented tarsi; metamorphosis is complete; many larvae are parasitic; some species of adults are disease vectors.
CSP

An order of the class Insecta. Wings, when present, number two and distinguish Diptera from other so-called flies, while the halteres, or reduced hindwings, separate Diptera from other insects with one pair of wings. The order includes the families Calliphoridae, Oestridae, Phoridae, SARCOPHAGIDAE, Scatophagidae, Sciaridae, SIMULIIDAE, Tabanidae, Therevidae, Trypetidae, CERATOPOGONIDAE; CHIRONOMIDAE; CULICIDAE; DROSOPHILIDAE; GLOSSINIDAE; MUSCIDAE; TEPHRITIDAE; and PSYCHODIDAE. The larval form of Diptera species are called maggots (see LARVA).
MSH

A large order of insects having a single pair of wings and sucking or piercing mouths; includes true flies and mosquitoes and gnats and crane flies.
NCI

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beta-endorfin

A 31-amino acid peptide that is the C-terminal fragment of BETA-LIPOTROPIN. It acts on OPIOID RECEPTORS and is an analgesic. Its first four amino acids at the N-terminal are identical to the tetrapeptide sequence of METHIONINE ENKEPHALIN and LEUCINE ENKEPHALIN.
MSH

A substance produced in the brain, especially in the pituitary gland, that blocks the sensation of pain. It is produced in response to pain, exercise, and other forms of stress. It is a type of polypeptide hormone.
NCI

An endogenous opioid-like substance found in the hypothalamus and pituitary gland that produces a sense of well-being, euphoria, and can reduce physical and emotional pain.
NCI

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jodpyracetát

An ionic monomeric contrast medium that was formerly used for a variety of diagnostic procedures. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p706)
MSH

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17-hydroxysteroiddehydrogenasy

A class of enzymes that catalyzes the oxidation of 17-hydroxysteroids to 17-ketosteroids. EC 1.1.-.
MSH

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ezofágus – píštěl

Abnormal passage communicating with the ESOPHAGUS. The most common type is TRACHEOESOPHAGEAL FISTULA between the esophagus and the TRACHEA.
MSH

An abnormal communication between the esophagus and another organ or anatomic site.
NCI

A disorder characterized by an abnormal communication between the esophagus and another organ or anatomic site.
NCI

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primáti

order of mammals, including human beings, apes, monkeys, and lemurs; families include Cercopithecidae, Hominidae, Lemuridae, and Pongidae; this term is used to index non-human primates.
CSP

The taxonomic order of mammals that includes man, monkeys, and lemurs.
NCI

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kromoglykát dvojsodný

A chromone complex that acts by inhibiting the release of chemical mediators from sensitized mast cells. It is used in the prophylactic treatment of both allergic and exercise-induced asthma, but does not affect an established asthmatic attack.
MSH

The sodium salt form of cromolyn, a mast cell stabilizer with anti-inflammatory activity. Cromolyn sodium probably interferes with the antigen-stimulated calcium transport across the mast cell membrane, thereby inhibiting mast cell release of histamine, leukotrienes, and other substances that cause hypersensitivity reactions. Cromolyn sodium also inhibits eosinophil chemotaxis.
NCI

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cyklistika

The use of a bicycle for transportation or recreation. It does not include the use of a bicycle in studying the body`s response to physical exertion (BICYCLE ERGOMETRY TEST see EXERCISE TEST).
MSH

Riding a bicycle for transportation or recreation.
NCI

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iris

The most anterior portion of the uveal layer, separating the anterior chamber from the posterior. It consists of two layers – the stroma and the pigmented epithelium. Color of the iris depends on the amount of melanin in the stroma on reflection from the pigmented epithelium.
MSH

most anterior portion of the uveal layer, separating the anterior chamber from the posterior; consists of two layers, the stroma and the pigmented epithelium; color of the iris depends on the amount of melanin in the stroma on reflection from the pigmented epithelium.
CSP

The colored tissue at the front of the eye that contains the pupil in the center. The iris helps control the size of the pupil to let more or less light into the eye.
NCI

The colored disc of the eye composed of connective tissue, epithelium, and endothelium. It separates the anterior chamber from the posterior chamber.
NCI

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droxidopa

A precursor of noradrenaline that is used in the treatment of parkinsonism. The racemic form (DL-threo-3,4-dihydroxyphenylserine) has also been used, and has been investigated in the treatment of orthostatic hypotension. There is a deficit of noradrenaline as well as of dopamine in Parkinson`s disease and it has been proposed that this underlies the sudden transient freezing seen usually in advanced disease. Administration of DL-threo-3,4-dihydroxyphenylserine has been claimed to result in an improvement in this phenomenon but controlled studies have failed to demonstrate improvement. (Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Englewood, CO, 1995)
MSH

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estreny

Unsaturated derivatives of the ESTRANES with methyl groups at carbon-13, with no carbon at carbon-10, and with no more than one carbon at carbon-17. They must contain one or more double bonds.
MSH

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proktokolitida

Inflammation of the RECTUM and the distal portion of the COLON.
MSH

Inflammation of the rectum and colon.
NCI

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divertikulitida

Inflammation of a DIVERTICULUM or diverticula.
MSH

an inflammation of the pouches formed in a hollow organ such as intestine
CHV

Inflammation of one or more pouches or sacs that bulge out from the wall of a hollow organ, such as the colon. Symptoms include muscle spasms and cramps in the abdomen.
NCI

An infection that develops in the diverticula of the intestinal tract. Signs and symptoms include abdominal pain, fever, and leukocytosis.
NCI

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Materiaalonderzoek, biocompatibel

evaluation of synthetic or industrial materials intended for use in contact with human tissues.
CSP

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isoetharin

Adrenergic beta-2 agonist used as bronchodilator for emphysema, bronchitis and asthma.
MSH

A beta-adrenergic receptor agonist with bronchodilator activity. Isoetharine selectively binds to beta-2 adrenergic receptors in bronchial smooth muscle, thereby activating intracellular adenyl cyclase, an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to cyclic-3`,5`-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP). Increased cAMP levels cause relaxation of bronchial smooth muscle, relieve bronchospasms, improve mucociliary clearance and reduce mediator substance release from inflammatory cells, especially from mast cells.
NCI

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6-ketoprostaglandin F1 alfa

The physiologically active and stable hydrolysis product of EPOPROSTENOL. Found in nearly all mammalian tissue.
MSH

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