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antigeny diferenciační B-lymfocytární

Membrane antigens associated with maturation stages of B-lymphocytes, often expressed in tumors of B-cell origin.
MSH

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vlasy, chlupy – barva

Color of hair or fur.
MSH

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atrioventrikulární nodální reentry tachykardie

Abnormally rapid heartbeats caused by reentry of atrial impulse into the dual (fast and slow) pathways of ATRIOVENTRICULAR NODE. The common type involves a blocked atrial impulse in the slow pathway which reenters the fast pathway in a retrograde direction and simultaneously conducts to the atria and the ventricles leading to rapid HEART RATE of 150-250 beats per minute.
MSH

A supraventricular tachycardia due to reentry along a circuit contained within the AV node. AVNRT is the most common form of supraventricular tachycardia and usually presents as a narrow QRS complex tachycardia at a rate between 150 and 250 beats per minute. (NCI)
NCI

A supraventricular tachycardia due to reentry along a circuit contained within the AV node. AVNRT is the most common form of supraventricular tachycardia and usually presents as a narrow QRS complex tachycardia at a rate between 150 and 250 beats per minute.
NCI

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cysteinproteinasy – inhibitory

Exogenous and endogenous compounds which inhibit CYSTEINE ENDOPEPTIDASES.
MSH

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Methylomonadaceae

A family of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria utilizing only one-carbon organic compounds and isolated from in soil and water.
MSH

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Pneumocystis carinii

opportunistic pathogen which can cause a fatal pneumonitis in an immunocompromised host; occurs in 75% of AIDS patients.
CSP

The prototype species of PNEUMOCYSTIS infecting the laboratory rat, Rattus norvegicus (RATS). It was formerly called Pneumocystis carinii f. sp. carinii. Other species of Pneumocystis can also infect rats.
MSH

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antitumorózní kombinovaná chemoterapie – protokoly

The use of two or more chemicals simultaneously or sequentially in the drug therapy of neoplasms. The drugs need not be in the same dosage form.
MSH

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postižení

persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.
CSP

Indication of disability.


HL7V3.0

Groups with similar restrictions or lack or ability to perform physical or mental activities in a manner or within the range considered normal for a human being.
NCI

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tarzální tunelový syndrom

Entrapment of the distal branches of the posterior TIBIAL NERVE (which divides into the medial plantar, lateral plantar, and calcanial nerves) in the tarsal tunnel, which lies posterior to the internal malleolus and beneath the retinaculum of the flexor muscles of the foot. Symptoms include ankle pain radiating into the foot which tends to be aggravated by walking. Examination may reveal Tinel`s sign (radiating pain following nerve percussion) over the tibial nerve at the ankle, weakness and atrophy of the small foot muscles, or loss of sensation in the foot. (From Foot Ankle 1990;11(1):47-52)
MSH

A syndrome resulting from the entrapment and compression of the tibial nerve. Signs and symptoms include burning sensation, tingling, and pain in the foot sole.
NCI

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cytochromy b

cytochromes of the b group that have alpha-band absorption of 563-564 nm and occur as subunits in mitochondrial electron transport complex III.
CSP

Cytochromes of the b group that have alpha-band absorption of 563-564 nm. They occur as subunits in MITOCHONDRIAL ELECTRON TRANSPORT COMPLEX III.
MSH

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myši inbrední BALB C

Derived from albino mice stocks originally disseminated by Bagg (1913) to Snell in 1932 that has an albino coat with genotype A,b,c. The BALB/c mouse develops plasmacytomas upon injection with mineral oil, which form the mouse cell component of the mouse-human hybrid cells that are used in the production of monoclonal antibodies. This strain exhibits excellent breeding performance and a long life span which contribute to its being one of the most highly utilized of all available mouse strains.
NCI

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jedy

Substances which, when ingested, inhaled, or absorbed, or when applied to, injected into, or developed within the body in relatively small amounts may, by their chemical action, cause damage to structure or disturbance of function. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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anus – nemoci

The anus is the opening of the rectum through which stool passes out of your body. Problems with the anus are common. They include hemorrhoids, abscesses, fissures (cracks), and cancer.

Many people are embarrassed to talk about anal troubles. But seeing your doctor about problems in this area is important. This is especially true if you have pain or bleeding. Treatments vary widely depending on the particular problem.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

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zdravotní péče – koalice

Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.
MSH

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technologie zubolékařská

The field of dentistry involved in procedures for designing and constructing dental appliances. It includes also the application of any technology to the field of dentistry.
MSH

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cytoplazma

The part of a cell that contains the CYTOSOL and small structures excluding the CELL NUCLEUS; MITOCHONDRIA; and large VACUOLES. (Glick, Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1990)
MSH

protoplasm of a cell exclusive of that of the nucleus; it consists of a continuous aqueous solution (cytosol) and the organelles and inclusions suspended in it (phaneroplasm), and is the site of most of the chemical activities of the cell.
CSP

The fluid inside a cell but outside the cell`s nucleus. Most chemical reactions in a cell take place in the cytoplasm.
NCI

All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures. [ISBN:0198547684]
GO

Cell component which has as its direct parts a portion of cytosol and one or more organelles. Examples: cytoplasm of hepatocyte, cytoplasm of erythrocyte, cytoplasm of thrombocyte, cytoplasm of neuron.
FMA

Cell substance which consists of cytosol and cytoplasmic organelles.
UWDA

That portion of the cell contained within the plasma membrane but excluding the nucleus.
NCI

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mikrofilamenta

submicroscopic filaments composed chiefly of actin, found in the cytoplasmic matrix of most cells, often in close association with the microtubules; may play a role in cell and organelle movement and in supportive and cytoskeletal function.
CSP

The part of the cytoskeleton (the internal framework of a cell) composed of actin and associated proteins. Includes actin cytoskeleton-associated complexes. [GOC:jl, ISBN:0395825172, ISBN:0815316194]
GO

A filamentous structure formed of a two-stranded helical polymer of the protein actin and associated proteins. Actin filaments are a major component of the contractile apparatus of skeletal muscle and the microfilaments of the cytoskeleton of eukaryotic cells. The filaments, comprising polymerized globular actin molecules, appear as flexible structures with a diameter of 5-9 nm. They are organized into a variety of linear bundles, two-dimensional networks, and three dimensional gels. In the cytoskeleton they are most highly concentrated in the cortex of the cell just beneath the plasma membrane. [GOC:mah, ISBN:0198506732 “Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”, PMID:10666339]
GO

Fibers composed of MICROFILAMENT PROTEINS, which are predominately ACTIN. They are the smallest of the cytoskeletal filaments.
MSH

The finest filamentous element of the cytoskeleton, having a diameter of about 5 nm and consisting primarily of actin.
NCI

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polykarboxylátový cement

Water-soluble low-molecular-weight polymers of acrylic or methacrylic acid that form solid, insoluble products when mixed with specially prepared ZnO powder. The resulting cement adheres to dental enamel and is also used as a luting agent.
MSH

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afázie

A cognitive disorder marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or express language in its written or spoken form. This condition is caused by diseases which affect the language areas of the dominant hemisphere. Clinical features are used to classify the various subtypes of this condition. General categories include receptive, expressive, and mixed forms of aphasia.
MSH

cognitive disorder marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or express language in its written or spoken form; caused by diseases which affect the language areas of the dominant hemisphere; general categories include receptive, expressive, and mixed forms of aphasia.
CSP

Aphasia is a disorder caused by damage to the parts of the brain that control language. It can make it hard for you to read, write and say what you mean to say. It is most common in adults who have had a stroke. Brain tumors, infections, injuries and dementia can also cause it. The type of problem you have and how bad it is depends on which part of your brain is damaged and how much damage there is.

There are four main types:

  • Expressive aphasia – you know what you want to say, but you have trouble saying or writing what you mean
  • Receptive aphasia – you hear the voice or see the print, but you can`t make sense of the words
  • Anomic aphasia – you have trouble using the correct word for objects, places or events
  • Global aphasia – you can`t speak, understand speech, read or write

Some people recover from aphasia without treatment. Most, however, need language therapy as soon as possible.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

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zdravotnické služby

Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.
MSH

providing services for the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.
CSP

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temporomandibulární kloub – nemoci

A variety of conditions affecting the anatomic and functional characteristics of the temporomandibular joint. Factors contributing to the complexity of temporomandibular diseases are its relation to dentition and mastication and the symptomatic effects in other areas which account for referred pain to the joint and the difficulties in applying traditional diagnostic procedures to temporomandibular joint pathology where tissue is rarely obtained and x-rays are often inadequate or nonspecific. Common diseases are developmental abnormalities, trauma, subluxation, luxation, arthritis, and neoplasia. (From Thoma`s Oral Pathology, 6th ed, pp577-600)
MSH

Any condition affecting the anatomic and functional characteristics of the temporomandibular joint.
NCI

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data – zobrazování

The visual display of data in a man-machine system. An example is when data is called from the computer and transmitted to a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY or LIQUID CRYSTAL display.
MSH

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mikrotubulární proteiny

Proteins found in the microtubules.
MSH

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polymery

Compounds formed by the joining of smaller, usually repeating, units linked by covalent bonds. These compounds often form large macromolecules (e.g., BIOPOLYMERS; PLASTICS).
MSH

compounds formed by the joining of smaller, usually repeating, units linked by covalent bonds; these compounds often form large macromolecules; for example, plastics, polypeptides, polysaccharides, and nucleic acids.
CSP

A molecule made up of a linked series of repeated monomers.
NCI

A molecule made up of small identical molecules called monomers. The monomers are joined together in a repeating pattern.
NCI

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apraxie

loss of ability to perform familiar, purposeful movements in the absence of paralysis or other neural sensorimotor impairment.
CSP

A group of cognitive disorders characterized by the inability to perform previously learned skills that cannot be attributed to deficits of motor or sensory function. The two major subtypes of this condition are ideomotor (see APRAXIA, IDEOMOTOR) and ideational apraxia, which refers to loss of the ability to mentally formulate the processes involved with performing an action. For example, dressing apraxia may result from an inability to mentally formulate the act of placing clothes on the body. Apraxias are generally associated with lesions of the dominant PARIETAL LOBE and supramarginal gyrus. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp56-7)
MSH

a kind of neurological disorder characterized by loss of the ability to perform voluntary and skillful movements
CHV

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srdce – převodní systém

An impulse-conducting system composed of modified cardiac muscle, having the power of spontaneous rhythmicity and conduction more highly developed than the rest of the heart.
MSH

impulse conducting system composed of modified cardiac muscle and having the power of spontaneous rhythmicity and conduction more highly developed than the rest of the heart.
CSP

Conducting tissue of heart which consists of specialized cardiac myocyte in the myocardium.
FMA

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syndrom rezistence na androgeny

A disorder of sexual development transmitted as an X-linked recessive trait. These patients have a karyotype of 46,XY with end-organ resistance to androgen due to mutations in the androgen receptor (RECEPTORS, ANDROGEN) gene. Severity of the defect in receptor quantity or quality correlates with their phenotypes. In these genetic males, the phenotypic spectrum ranges from those with normal female external genitalia, through those with genital ambiguity as in Reifenstein Syndrome, to that of a normal male with INFERTILITY.
MSH

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Deciduacel, reactie van de

The cellular and vascular changes occurring in the endometrium of the pregnant uterus just after the onset of blastocyst implantation. This process involves the proliferation and differentiation of the fibroblast-like endometrial stromal cells into large, polyploid decidual cells that eventually form the maternal component of the placenta. [ISBN:0721662544 “Dorland`s Illustrated Medical Dictionary”, PMID:11133685]
GO

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mimosin

3-Hydroxy-4-oxo-1(4H)-pyridinealanine. An antineoplastic alanine-substituted pyridine derivative isolated from Leucena glauca.
MSH

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polythiazid

A thiazide diuretic with actions and uses similar to those of HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p826)
MSH

A sulfonamide derivative and a synthetic thiazide with diuretic, antihypertensive and anti-urolithic properties. By blocking the Na/Cl transporter, polythiazide inhibits reabsorption of sodium and chloride in the proximal and distal convoluted tubule of the kidney, resulting in increased excretion of water and electrolytes (sodium, potassium, chloride, magnesium, and bicarbonate) and subsequent reversal of hypertension. In addition, this agent exerts its anti-urolithic effect by decreasing calcium and uric acid excretion.
NCI

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