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methoxyhydroxyfenylglykol

Synthesized from endogenous epinephrine and norepinephrine in vivo. It is found in brain, blood, CSF, and urine, where its concentrations are used to measure catecholamine turnover.
MSH

metabolite of epinephrine and norepinephrine found in blood, brain, CSF, and urine, where it is used as a measure of catecholamine turnover.
CSP

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vlasy, chlupy – barva

Color of hair or fur.
MSH

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acetylcholin

A neurotransmitter found at neuromuscular junctions, autonomic ganglia, parasympathetic effector junctions, a subset of sympathetic effector junctions, and at many sites in the central nervous system.
MSH

neurotransmitter; in vertebrates is the major transmitter at neuromuscular junctions, autonomic ganglia, parasympathetic effector junctions, a subset of sympathetic effector junctions, and at many sites in the central nervous system.
CSP

A chemical made by some types of nerve cells. It is used to send messages to other cells, including other nerve cells, muscle cells, and gland cells. It is released from the nerve ending and carries signals to cells on the other side of a synapse (space between nerve cells and other cells). Acetylcholine helps control memory and the action of certain muscles. It is a type of neurotransmitter.
NCI

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chemická válka

Tactical warfare using incendiary mixtures, smokes, or irritant, burning, or asphyxiating gases.
MSH

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protein-tyrosinkinasy

Protein kinases that catalyze the PHOSPHORYLATION of TYROSINE residues in proteins with ATP or other nucleotides as phosphate donors.
MSH

Kinases that phosphorylate protein tyrosine residues. These kinases play major roles in mitogenic signalling, and can be divided into two subfamilies: receptor tyrosine kinases, that have an extracellular ligand-binding domain, a single transmembrane domain, and an intracellular tyrosine kinase domain; and nonreceptor tyrosine kinases, which are soluble, cytoplasmic kinases. (Dictionary of Cell and Molecular Biology Online)
NCI

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Methylomonadaceae

A family of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria utilizing only one-carbon organic compounds and isolated from in soil and water.
MSH

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postižení

persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.
CSP

Indication of disability.


HL7V3.0

Groups with similar restrictions or lack or ability to perform physical or mental activities in a manner or within the range considered normal for a human being.
NCI

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respirační acidóza

Respiratory retention of carbon dioxide. It may be chronic or acute.
MSH

excess retention of carbon dioxide in the body resulting from ventilatory impairment.
CSP

Acid base imbalance resulting from an accumulation of carbon dioxide secondary to hypoventilation.
NCI

A state due to excess retention of carbon dioxide in the body.
NCI

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kuřecí embryo

The developmental entity of a fertilized chicken egg (ZYGOTE). The developmental process begins about 24 h before the egg is laid at the BLASTODISC, a small whitish spot on the surface of the EGG YOLK. After 21 days of incubation, the embryo is fully developed before hatching.
MSH

domestic chicken or any other bird at any stage of development prior to hatching.
CSP

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prurigo

A name applied to several itchy skin eruptions of unknown cause. The characteristic course is the formation of a dome-shaped papule with a small transient vesicle on top, followed by crusting over or lichenification. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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myši inbrední BALB C

Derived from albino mice stocks originally disseminated by Bagg (1913) to Snell in 1932 that has an albino coat with genotype A,b,c. The BALB/c mouse develops plasmacytomas upon injection with mineral oil, which form the mouse cell component of the mouse-human hybrid cells that are used in the production of monoclonal antibodies. This strain exhibits excellent breeding performance and a long life span which contribute to its being one of the most highly utilized of all available mouse strains.
NCI

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zdravotní péče – koalice

Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.
MSH

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akronin

A pyrano-acridone alkaloid found in RUTACEAE plants.
MSH

A natural alkaloid with an acridine structure isolated from the bark of the plant Acronychia baueri (Australian scrub ash) with antineoplastic properties. Acronycine appears to alkylate DNA and interfere with DNA replication. (NCI04)
NCI

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dítě hospitalizované

Child hospitalized for short term care.
MSH

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psilocybin

The major of two hallucinogenic components of Teonanacatl, the sacred mushroom of Mexico, the other component being psilocin. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

A tryptamine alkaloid, isolated from various genera of fungi including the genus Psilocybe, with hallucinogenic, anxiolytic, and psychoactive activities. In vivo, psilocybine is rapidly dephosphorylated into the active compound psilocin, which activates serotonin 2A (5-HT2A) receptors in the central nervous system (CNS), mimicking the effects of serotonin.
NCI

A substance being studied in the treatment of anxiety or depression in patients with advanced cancer. It is taken from the mushroom Psilocybe mexicana. Psilocybin acts on the brain to cause hallucinations (sights, sounds, smells, tastes, or touches that a person believes to be real but are not real).
NCI

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mikrofilamenta

submicroscopic filaments composed chiefly of actin, found in the cytoplasmic matrix of most cells, often in close association with the microtubules; may play a role in cell and organelle movement and in supportive and cytoskeletal function.
CSP

The part of the cytoskeleton (the internal framework of a cell) composed of actin and associated proteins. Includes actin cytoskeleton-associated complexes. [GOC:jl, ISBN:0395825172, ISBN:0815316194]
GO

A filamentous structure formed of a two-stranded helical polymer of the protein actin and associated proteins. Actin filaments are a major component of the contractile apparatus of skeletal muscle and the microfilaments of the cytoskeleton of eukaryotic cells. The filaments, comprising polymerized globular actin molecules, appear as flexible structures with a diameter of 5-9 nm. They are organized into a variety of linear bundles, two-dimensional networks, and three dimensional gels. In the cytoskeleton they are most highly concentrated in the cortex of the cell just beneath the plasma membrane. [GOC:mah, ISBN:0198506732 “Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”, PMID:10666339]
GO

Fibers composed of MICROFILAMENT PROTEINS, which are predominately ACTIN. They are the smallest of the cytoskeletal filaments.
MSH

The finest filamentous element of the cytoskeleton, having a diameter of about 5 nm and consisting primarily of actin.
NCI

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zdravotnické služby

Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.
MSH

providing services for the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.
CSP

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akupunktura

The occupational discipline of the traditional Chinese methods of ACUPUNCTURE THERAPY for treating disease by inserting needles along specific pathways or meridians.
MSH

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chlordan

A highly poisonous organochlorine insecticide. The EPA has cancelled registrations of pesticides containing this compound with the exception of its use through subsurface ground insertion for termite control and the dipping of roots or tops of non-food plants. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

highly poisonous organochlorine insecticide; the EPA has cancelled registrations of pesticides containing this compound with the exception of its use through subsurface ground insertion for termite control and the dipping of roots or tops of non-food plants.
CSP

Chlordane is a chlorinated hydrocarbon used as a non-systemic contact insecticide for lawns and crops. Actually a complex mixture of isomers, other chlorinated hydrocarbons, and by-products, chlordane is used in termite and ant control, and as a protective treatment for underground cables. Chlordane may be irritant and toxic by ingestion, inhalation, or skin absorption; toxic effects may be cumulative. When heated to decomposition, chlordane emits toxic fumes of carbon monoxide, hydrogen chloride, chlorine, and phosgene. Chlordane is very persistent in the environment, surviving in soils for more than 20 years. U.S. production of chlordane was stopped in 1976. (NCI04)
NCI

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psychologie lékařská

A branch of psychology in which there is collaboration between psychologists and physicians in the management of medical problems. It differs from clinical psychology, which is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of behavior disorders.
MSH

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mikrotubulární proteiny

Proteins found in the microtubules.
MSH

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srdce – převodní systém

An impulse-conducting system composed of modified cardiac muscle, having the power of spontaneous rhythmicity and conduction more highly developed than the rest of the heart.
MSH

impulse conducting system composed of modified cardiac muscle and having the power of spontaneous rhythmicity and conduction more highly developed than the rest of the heart.
CSP

Conducting tissue of heart which consists of specialized cardiac myocyte in the myocardium.
FMA

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adenom

A benign epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.
MSH

benign epithelial tumor in which the cells form recognizable glandular structures or in which the cells are clearly derived from glandular epithelium.
CSP

A tumor that is not cancer. It starts in gland-like cells of the epithelial tissue (thin layer of tissue that covers organs, glands, and other structures within the body).
NCI

A neoplasm arising from the epithelium. It may be encapsulated or non-encapsulated but non-invasive. The neoplastic epithelial cells may or may not display cellular atypia or dysplasia. In the gastrointestinal tract, when dysplasia becomes severe it is sometimes called carcinoma in situ. Representative examples are pituitary gland adenoma, follicular adenoma of the thyroid gland, and adenomas (or adenomatous polyps) of the gastrointestinal tract.
NCI

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chlorfenamidin

An acaricide used against many organophosphate and carbamate resistant pests. It acts as an uncoupling agent and monoamine oxidase inhibitor.
MSH

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kyseliny pteroylpolyglutamové

Derivatives of folic acid (pteroylglutamic acid). In gamma-glutamyl linkage they are found in many tissues. They are converted to folic acid by the action of pteroylpolyglutamate hydrolase or synthesized from folic acid by the action of folate polyglutamate synthetase. Synthetic pteroylpolyglutamic acids, which are in alpha-glutamyl linkage, are active in bacterial growth assays.
MSH

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mimosin

3-Hydroxy-4-oxo-1(4H)-pyridinealanine. An antineoplastic alanine-substituted pyridine derivative isolated from Leucena glauca.
MSH

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vyčerpání z tepla

A clinical syndrome caused by heat stress, such as over-exertion in a hot environment or excessive exposure to sun. It is characterized by SWEATING, water (volume) depletion, salt depletion, cool clammy skin, NAUSEA, and HEADACHE.
MSH

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adenylsukcinátlyasa

An enzyme that, in the course of purine ribonucleotide biosynthesis, catalyzes the conversion of 5`-phosphoribosyl-4-(N-succinocarboxamide)-5-aminoimidazole to 5`-phosphoribosyl-4-carboxamide-5-aminoimidazole and the conversion of adenylosuccinic acid to AMP. EC 4.3.2.2.
MSH

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cholera

An acute diarrheal disease endemic in India and Southeast Asia whose causative agent is VIBRIO CHOLERAE. This condition can lead to severe dehydration in a matter of hours unless quickly treated.
MSH

acute diarrheal disease endemic in India and southeast Asia whose causative agent is Vibrio cholerae; can lead to severe dehydration in a matter of hours unless quickly treated.
CSP

Cholera is a bacterial infection that causes diarrhea. The cholera bacterium is usually found in water or food contaminated by feces (poop). Cholera is rare in the US. You may get it if you travel to parts of the world with inadequate water treatment and poor sanitation, and lack of sewage treatment. Outbreaks can also happen after disasters. The disease is not likely to spread directly from one person to another.

Often the infection is mild or without symptoms, but sometimes it can be severe. Severe symptoms include profuse watery diarrhea, vomiting, and leg cramps. In severe cases, rapid loss of body fluids leads to dehydration and shock. Without treatment, death can occur within hours.

Doctors diagnose cholera with a stool sample or rectal swab. Treatment includes replacing fluid and salts and sometimes antibiotics.

Anyone who thinks they may have cholera should seek medical attention immediately. Dehydration can be rapid so fluid replacement is essential.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


MEDLINEPLUS

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pneumologie

A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM. It is especially concerned with diagnosis and treatment of diseases and defects of the lungs and bronchial tree.
MSH

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