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vena subclavia

The continuation of the axillary vein which follows the subclavian artery and then joins the internal jugular vein to form the brachiocephalic vein.
MSH

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lněný olej

The fixed oil obtained from the dried ripe seed of linseed, Linum usitatissimum (L. Linaceae). It is used as an emollient in liniments, pastes, and medicinal soaps, and in veterinary medicine as a laxative. It is also called flaxseed oil. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

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fosforamidové hořčice

A group of nitrogen mustard compounds which are substituted with a phosphoramide group or its derivatives. They are usually cytotoxic and used as antineoplastic agents.
MSH

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Forceps

A manual surgical instrument for general use is a nonpowered, hand-held, or hand-manipulated device, either reusable or disposable, intended to be used in various general surgical procedures. The device includes the applicator, clip applier, biopsy brush, manual dermabrasion brush, scrub brush, cannula, ligature carrier, chisel, clamp, contractor, curette, cutter, dissector, elevator, skin graft expander, file, forceps, gouge, instrument guide, needle guide, hammer, hemostat, amputation hook, ligature passing and knot-tying instrument, knife, blood lancet, mallet, disposable or reusable aspiration and injection needle, disposable or reusable suturing needle, osteotome, pliers, rasp, retainer, retractor, saw, scalpel blade, scalpel handle, one-piece scalpel, snare, spatula, stapler, disposable or reusable stripper, stylet, suturing apparatus for the stomach and intestine, measuring tape, and calipers. A surgical instrument that has specialized uses in a specific medical specialty is classified in separate regulations in Parts 868 through 892.
SPN

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kokarcinogeneze

The combination of two or more different factors in the production of cancer.
MSH

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sukcinátcytochrom c oxidoreduktasa

An electron transport chain complex that catalyzes the transfer of electrons from SUCCINATE to CYTOCHROME C. It includes ELECTRON TRANSPORT COMPLEX II and ELECTRON TRANSPORT COMPLEX III.
MSH

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lipoproteiny

Lipid-protein complexes involved in the transportation and metabolism of lipids in the body. They are spherical particles consisting of a hydrophobic core of TRIGLYCERIDES and CHOLESTEROL ESTERS surrounded by a layer of hydrophilic free CHOLESTEROL; PHOSPHOLIPIDS; and APOLIPOPROTEINS. Lipoproteins are classified by their varying buoyant density and sizes.
MSH

An important class of serum proteins in which a spherical hydrophobic core of triglycerides or cholesterol esters surrounded by an amphipathic monolayer of phospholipids, cholesterol and apolipoproteins. Classified according to density: chylomicrons, large low density particles, very low density, low density and high density species. Important in lipid transport, especially cholesterol transport in the blood stream. Abnormalities in lipoprotein metabolism have been implicated in certain heart diseases. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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mikrofotografie

Photography of objects viewed under a microscope using ordinary photographic methods.
MSH

photography of objects viewed under a microscope.
CSP

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fosfomycin

An antibiotic produced by Streptomyces fradiae.
MSH

A phosphoenolpyruvate analogue and a synthetic broad-spectrum antibiotic with antimicrobial and bactericidal properties. Fosfomycin binds to and inactivates the enzyme enolpyruvate transferase. This leads to an irreversible blockage of the condensation of uridine diphosphate-N-acetylglucosamine with p-enolpyruvate, which is one of the first steps of bacterial cell wall synthesis, thereby eventually causing cell lysis and bacterial cell death.
NCI

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nátlak

The use of force or intimidation to obtain compliance.
MSH

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sulfamethizol

A sulfathiazole antibacterial agent.
MSH

A broad-spectrum sulfanilamide and a synthetic analog of para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) with antibacterial property. Sulfamethizole competes with PABA for the bacterial enzyme dihydropteroate synthase, thereby preventing the incorporation of PABA into dihydrofolic acid, the immediate precursor of folic acid. This leads to an inhibition of bacterial folic acid synthesis and de novo synthesis of purines and pyrimidines, ultimately resulting in cell growth arrest and cell death.
NCI

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alkoholická cirhóza jater

FIBROSIS of the hepatic parenchyma due to chronic excess ALCOHOL DRINKING.
MSH

liver disease in alcoholics in which the normal microcirculation, the gross vascular anatomy, and the hepatic architecture have been variably destroyed and altered with fibrous septa surrounding regenerated or regenerating parenchymal nodules.
CSP

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role lékaře

The expected function of a member of the medical profession.
MSH

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svoboda

The rights of individuals to act and make decisions without external constraints.
MSH

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kolagenózy

Historically, a heterogeneous group of acute and chronic diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, progressive systemic sclerosis, dermatomyositis, etc. This classification was based on the notion that “collagen” was equivalent to “connective tissue”, but with the present recognition of the different types of collagen and the aggregates derived from them as distinct entities, the term “collagen diseases” now pertains exclusively to those inherited conditions in which the primary defect is at the gene level and affects collagen biosynthesis, post-translational modification, or extracellular processing directly. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1494)
MSH

pertains to those conditions in which the primary defect is at the gene level and affects collagen biosynthesis, post-translational modification, or extracellular processing directly.
CSP

A term previously used to describe chronic diseases of the connective tissue (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and systemic sclerosis), but now is thought to be more appropriate for diseases associated with defects in collagen, which is a component of the connective tissue.
NCI

Inflammatory and degenerative diseases of connective tissue structures, such as arthritis.
NCI

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sulfotransferasy

Enzymes which transfer sulfate groups to various acceptor molecules. They are involved in posttranslational sulfation of proteins and sulfate conjugation of exogenous chemicals and bile acids. EC 2.8.2.
MSH

Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of a sulfate group from 3`-phosphoadenylyl sulfate (active sulfate) to the hydroxyl group of an acceptor, which produces the sulfated derivative and 3`-phosphoadenosine 5`-phosphate. The enzymes are also involved in both the posttranslational sulfation of proteins and sulfate conjugation of exogenous chemicals and bile acids.
NCI

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Lolium

Common member of the Gramineae family used as cattle fodder. It harbors several fungi and other parasites toxic to livestock and people and produces allergenic compounds, especially in its pollen. The most commonly seen varieties are L. perenne, L. multiflorum, and L. rigidum.
MSH

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pikrotoxin

A noncompetitive antagonist at GABA-A receptors and thus a convulsant. Picrotoxin blocks the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-activated chloride ionophore. Although it is most often used as a research tool, it has been used as a CNS stimulant and an antidote in poisoning by CNS depressants, especially the barbiturates.
MSH

nonalkaloid extract from the seeds of Anamirta cocculus used as a CNS and respiratory stimulant to counteract toxicity of CNS depressants such as barbiturates; GABA-A receptor antagonist used to probe GABA function in the CNS.
CSP

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frustrace

The motivational and/or affective state resulting from being blocked, thwarted, disappointed or defeated.
MSH

motivational and/or affective state resulting from being blocked, thwarted, disappointed or defeated.
CSP

The motivational and/or affective state of annoyance resulting from being blocked, thwarted, disappointed or defeated.
NCI

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faktory stimulující kolonie

Glycoproteins found in a subfraction of normal mammalian plasma and urine. They stimulate the proliferation of bone marrow cells in agar cultures and the formation of colonies of granulocytes and/or macrophages. The factors include INTERLEUKIN-3; (IL-3); GRANULOCYTE COLONY-STIMULATING FACTOR; (G-CSF); MACROPHAGE COLONY-STIMULATING FACTOR; (M-CSF); and GRANULOCYTE-MACROPHAGE COLONY-STIMULATING FACTOR; (GM-CSF).
MSH

glycoprotein derived from monocytes, macrophages, or stimulated lymphocytes that are required for differentiation of stem cells into granulocyte and monocyte cell colonies.
CSP

Substances that stimulate the production of blood cells. Colony-stimulating factors include granulocyte colony-stimulating factors (also called G-CSF and filgrastim), granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factors (also called GM-CSF and sargramostim), and promegapoietin.
NCI

A substance that stimulates the production of blood cells. Colony-stimulating factors include granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), and promegapoietin.
NCI

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supinační poloha

The posture of an individual lying face up.
MSH

A posterior recumbent body position whereby the person lies on its back and faces upward.
NCI

A posterior recumbent body position whereby the person lies on its back and faces upward. (NCI)
NCI

Deprecation Comment:This concept has been deprecated because it does not describe a type of Act (as it should in the ActClass code system), but rather encodes the result or value of an observation. The same code has been added to the ObservationValue code system.


HL7V3.0

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Lumbale regio

Subdivision of back of trunk which is demarcated from the abdomen by the posterior surface of the anterior layer of the thoracolumbar fascia and the anterior surface of the lumbar vertebral column; together with the abdomen, it constitutes the abdominal segment of trunk. Examples: There is only one back of abdomen.
FMA

Subdivision of abdomen which is demarcated from the front of the abdomen by the posterior surface of the anterior layer of the thoracolumbar fascia and the anterior surface of the lumbar vertebral column; together with the front of the abdomen, it constitutes the abdomen. Examples: There is only one back of abdomen.
UWDA

The area of the body below the ribs and above the hipbones.
NCI

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pirinitramid

A diphenylpropylamine with intense narcotic analgesic activity of long duration. It is a derivative of MEPERIDINE with similar activity and usage.
MSH

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zuby spojené

Two teeth united during development by the union of their tooth germs; the teeth may be joined by the enamel of their crowns, by their root dentin, or by both.
MSH

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komunikace postižených – pomůcky

Equipment that provides mentally or physically disabled persons with a means of communication. The aids include display boards, typewriters, cathode ray tubes, computers, and speech synthesizers. The output of such aids includes written words, artificial speech, language signs, Morse code, and pictures.
MSH

physical or electronic implement or technology for aiding communication ability.
CSP

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stomatochirurgie

A dental specialty concerned with the diagnosis and surgical treatment of disease, injuries, and defects of the human oral and maxillofacial region.
MSH

Surgical procedures for treating diseases and disorders of the oral cavity.
NCI

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lutecium

Lutetium. An element of the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Lu, atomic number 71, and atomic weight 175.
MSH

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placentární extrakty

Extracts prepared from placental tissue; they may contain specific but uncharacterized factors or proteins with specific activities.
MSH

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galaktosylceramidy

Cerebrosides which contain as their polar head group a galactose moiety bound in glycosidic linkage to the hydroxyl group of ceramide. Their accumulation in tissue, due to a defect in beta-galactosidase, is the cause of galactosylceramide lipidosis or globoid cell leukodystrophy.
MSH

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komplement C2

A component of the CLASSICAL COMPLEMENT PATHWAY. C2 is cleaved by activated COMPLEMENT C1S into COMPLEMENT C2B and COMPLEMENT C2A. C2a, the COOH-terminal fragment containing a SERINE PROTEASE, combines with COMPLEMENT C4B to form C4b2a (CLASSICAL PATHWAY C3 CONVERTASE) and subsequent C4b2a3b (CLASSICAL PATHWAY C5 CONVERTASE).
MSH

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