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famotidin

A competitive histamine H2-receptor antagonist. Its main pharmacodynamic effect is the inhibition of gastric secretion.
MSH

A propanimidamide and histamine H2-receptor antagonist with antacid activity. As a competitive inhibitor of histamine H2-receptors located on the basolateral membrane of the parietal cell, famotidine reduces basal and nocturnal gastric acid secretion, resulting in a reduction in gastric volume, acidity, and amount of gastric acid released in response to various stimuli.
NCI

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chování při pití

Behaviors associated with the ingesting of water and other liquids; includes rhythmic patterns of drinking (time intervals – onset and duration), frequency and satiety.
MSH

The specific actions or reactions of an organism relating to the intake of liquids, especially water. [GOC:curators]
GO

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kouření

Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of tobacco or something similar to tobacco.
MSH

to inhale and exhale the smoke produced by the combustion of a substance.
CSP

There`s no way around it. Smoking is bad for your health. Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body. Cigarette smoking causes 87 percent of lung cancer deaths. It is also responsible for many other cancers and health problems. These include lung disease, heart and blood vessel disease, stroke and cataracts. Women who smoke have a greater chance of certain pregnancy problems or having a baby die from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Your smoke is also bad for other people – they breathe in your smoke secondhand and can get many of the same problems as smokers do.

Quitting smoking can reduce your risk of these problems. The earlier you quit, the greater the health benefit.

NIH: National Cancer Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

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laktalbumin

albumin found in milk.
CSP

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Blastomyces dermatitidis

etiologic agent of North American blastomycosis.
CSP

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paratyreoidea – nemoci

Pathological processes of the PARATHYROID GLANDS. They usually manifest as hypersecretion or hyposecretion of PARATHYROID HORMONE that regulates the balance of CALCIUM; PHOSPHORUS; and MAGNESIUM in the body.
MSH

deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the parathyroid gland.
CSP

Most people have four pea-sized glands, called parathyroid glands, on the thyroid gland in the neck. Though their names are similar, the thyroid and parathyroid glands are completely different. The parathyroid glands make parathyroid hormone (PTH), which helps your body keep the right balance of calcium and phosphorous.

If your parathyroid glands make too much or too little hormone, it disrupts this balance. If they secrete extra PTH, you have hyperparathyroidism, and your blood calcium rises. In many cases, a benign tumor on a parathyroid gland makes it overactive. Or, the extra hormones can come from enlarged parathyroid glands. Very rarely, the cause is cancer.

If you do not have enough PTH, you have hypoparathyroidism. Your blood will have too little calcium and too much phosphorous. Causes include injury to the glands, endocrine disorders or genetic conditions. Treatment is aimed at restoring the balance of calcium and phosphorous.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

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kyseliny mastné mononenasycené

Fatty acids which are unsaturated in only one position.
MSH

A class of dietary fatty acids containing one double bond.
NCI

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léky – rezistence

Diminished or failed response of an organism, disease or tissue to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should be differentiated from DRUG TOLERANCE which is the progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, as a result of continued administration.
MSH

tendency of biological systems (organisms, cells, or cell-free systems) to fail to respond as expected to drug treatment or exposure; may be due to specific enzymes, transporters, or receptors which block drug action.
CSP

OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete). [GOC:go_curators]
GO

Mechanisms, functions, activities, or processes exhibited by tumors or pathogens to withstand previously toxic drugs.
NCI

The failure of cancer cells, viruses, or bacteria to respond to a drug used to kill or weaken them. The cells, viruses, or bacteria may be resistant to the drug at the beginning of treatment, or may become resistant after being exposed to the drug.
NCI

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sociální pohyb

The movement or shifting of membership between or within social classes by individuals or by groups.
MSH

movement or shifting of membership between or within social classes by individuals or by groups.
CSP

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Langerhansovy buňky

recirculating, dendritic, antigen-presenting cells containing characteristic racket shaped granules (Birbeck granules); found principally in the stratum spinosum of the epidermis and are rich in Class II major histocompatibility complex molecules.
CSP

Recirculating, dendritic, antigen-presenting cells containing characteristic racket-shaped granules (Birbeck granules). They are found principally in the stratum spinosum of the EPIDERMIS and are rich in Class II MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX molecules. Langerhans cells were the first dendritic cell to be described and have been a model of study for other dendritic cells (DCs), especially other migrating DCs such as dermal DCs and INTERSTITIAL DENDRITIC CELLS.
MSH

Dendritic clear cells in the epidermis, containing distinctive granules that appear rod- or racket-shaped in section, but lacking tonofilaments, melanosomes, and desmosomes; they carry surface receptors for immunoglobulin (Fc) and complement (C3), and are believed to be antigen fixing and processing cells of monocytic origin; active participants in cutaneous delayed hypersensitivity.
NCI

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krevní glukosa

Glucose in blood.
MSH

levels of glucose found in the blood.
CSP

Glucose (a type of sugar) found in the blood.
NCI

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Paroxysmální komorová tachykardie

An episodic form of ventricular tachycardia, with abrupt onset and termination.
NCI

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Porucha pohlavního vzrušení u ženy

A disorder characterized by a recurrent or persistent inability to attain or maintain until completion of sexual activity an adequate physical response of sexual excitement, consisting of vasocongestion in the pelvis, vaginal lubrication and expansion, and swelling of the external genitalia.
NCI

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Papilla duodeni, minor

The minor duodenal papilla (when present) connects the accessory pancreatic duct to the DUODENUM.
MSH

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sodíkové kanály

Cell membrane glycoproteins selective for sodium ions. Fast sodium current is associated with the action potential in neural membranes.
MSH

cell membrane glycoproteins selective for sodium ions; fast sodium current is associated with the action potential in neural membranes.
CSP

An ion channel with selective permeability for sodium.
NCI

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larynx umělý

A device, activated electronically or by expired pulmonary air, which simulates laryngeal activity and enables a laryngectomized person to speak. Examples of the pneumatic mechanical device are the Tokyo and Van Hunen artificial larynges. Electronic devices include the Western Electric electrolarynx, Tait oral vibrator, Cooper-Rand electrolarynx and the Ticchioni pipe.
MSH

A laryngeal prosthesis (Taub design) is a device intended to direct pulmonary air flow to the pharynx in the absence of the larynx, thereby permitting esophageal speech. The device is interposed between openings in the trachea and the esophagus and may be removed and replaced each day by the patient. During phonation, air from the lungs is directed to flow through the device and over the esophageal mucosa to provide a sound source that is articulated as speech.
SPN

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hematoretinální bariéra

A specialized transport barrier, in the EYE, formed by the retinal pigment EPITHELIUM, and the ENDOTHELIUM of the BLOOD VESSELS of the RETINA. TIGHT JUNCTIONS joining adjacent cells keep the barrier between cells continuous.
MSH

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patologie klinická

A subspecialty of pathology applied to the solution of clinical problems, especially the use of laboratory methods in clinical diagnosis. (Dorland, 28th ed.)
MSH

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železnaté sloučeniny

Inorganic or organic compounds that contain divalent iron.
MSH

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HILEROKOAREN MINA

Painful menstruation.
MSH

A disorder characterized by abnormally painful abdominal cramps during menses.
NCI

Abnormally painful abdominal cramps during menstruation.
NCI

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Softwareontwikkeling

The application of a systematic, disciplined, quantifiable approach to the development, operation, and maintenance of computer software.
NCI

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poruchy učení

Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual`s perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, dyscalculia, and dysgraphia.
MSH

conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual`s perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills; may result from organic or psychological conditions.
CSP

Learning disorders affect how a person understands, remembers and responds to new information. People with learning disorders may have problems

  • Listening or paying attention
  • Speaking
  • Reading or writing
  • Doing math

Although learning disorders occur in very young children, they are usually not recognized until the child reaches school age. About one-third of children who have learning disabilities also have ADHD, which makes it hard to focus.

Evaluation and testing by a trained professional can help identify a learning disorder. The next step is special education, which involves helping your child in the areas where he or she needs the most help. Sometimes tutors or speech or language therapists also work with the children. Learning disorders do not go away, but strategies to work around them can make them less of a problem.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

A group of disorders that affect a person`s ability to learn or process specific types of information which is in contrast to his/her apparent level of intellect.
NCI

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bombesin

A tetradecapeptide originally obtained from the skins of toads Bombina bombina and B. variegata. It is also an endogenous neurotransmitter in many animals including mammals. Bombesin affects vascular and other smooth muscle, gastric secretion, and renal circulation and function.
MSH

tetradecapeptide; endogenous neurotransmitter in many animals including mammals; affects vascular and other smooth muscle, gastric secretion, and renal circulation and function; originally obtained from the skins of toads of the genus Bombina.
CSP

A peptide (small protein) found in the brain, gastrointestinal tract, and lungs. It causes the release of certain hormones and enzymes. It also causes smooth muscles to contract. Bombesin is found at high levels on small cell lung cancer cells and on other types of cancer cells. It is a type of neuropeptide and a type of hormone.
NCI

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pektiny

High molecular weight polysaccharides present in the cell walls of all plants. Pectins cement cell walls together. They are used as emulsifiers and stabilizers in the food industry. They have been tried for a variety of therapeutic uses including as antidiarrheals, where they are now generally considered ineffective, and in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia.
MSH

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fetišismus (psychiatrický)

A condition in which inanimate objects are utilized as a preferred or exclusive method of stimulating erotic arousal.
MSH

A disorder characterized by recurrent sexual urges, fantasies, or behaviors involving the use of nonliving objects such as women`s wearing apparel (the “fetish”).
NCI

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ekdyson

A steroid hormone that regulates the processes of MOLTING or ecdysis in insects.
MSH

steroid hormone that regulates the processes of molting or ecdysis in insects.
CSP

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sotalol

An adrenergic beta-antagonist that is used in the treatment of life-threatening arrhythmias.
MSH

An ethanolamine derivative with Class III antiarrhythmic and antihypertensive properties. Sotalol is a nonselective beta-adrenergic receptor and potassium channel antagonist. In the heart, this agent inhibits chronotropic and inotropic effects thereby slowing the heart rate and decreasing myocardial contractility. This agent also reduces sinus rate, slows conduction in the atria and in the atrioventricular (AV) node and increases the functional refractory period of the AV node.
NCI

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zákonodárství veterinární

Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of veterinary medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.
MSH

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recenze

Works consisting of critical analyses of books or other monographic works.
MSH

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penfluridol

One of the long-acting ANTIPSYCHOTIC AGENTS used for maintenance or long-term therapy of SCHIZOPHRENIA and other PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS.
MSH

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