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porod

The process of giving birth to one or more offspring.
MSH

emerging from a womb or egg; includes the process of delivery or hatching.
CSP

The reproductive process in which the parent is separated from its offspring either by giving birth to live young or by laying eggs. [ISBN:0198506732 “Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”]
GO

The event of being born.
NCI

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histidinolfosfatasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of histidinol-phosphate to histidinol. One of the regulatory enzymes in histidine biosynthesis. EC 3.1.3.15.
MSH

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náboženské filosofie

Sets of beliefs on the nature of the universe or Man.
MSH

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chování při pití

Behaviors associated with the ingesting of water and other liquids; includes rhythmic patterns of drinking (time intervals – onset and duration), frequency and satiety.
MSH

The specific actions or reactions of an organism relating to the intake of liquids, especially water. [GOC:curators]
GO

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myiáza

The invasion of living tissues of man and other mammals by dipterous larvae.
MSH

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anatomie pro výtvarníky

The study of the structures of organisms for applications in art: drawing, painting, sculpture, illustration, etc.
MSH

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Blastomyces dermatitidis

etiologic agent of North American blastomycosis.
CSP

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histrionství

A personality disorder characterized by overly reactive and intensely expressed or overly dramatic behavior, proneness to exaggeration, emotional excitability, and disturbances in interpersonal relationships.
MSH

A disorder characterized by an enduring pattern of excessively intense and superficial emotionality, attention seeking behavior, seductive appearance and speech, self dramatization and/or theatrical behavior.
NCI

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reprodukční a urogenitální systém – fyziologické jevy

Physiology of the human and animal body, male or female, in the processes and characteristics of REPRODUCTION and the URINARY TRACT.
MSH

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léky – rezistence

Diminished or failed response of an organism, disease or tissue to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should be differentiated from DRUG TOLERANCE which is the progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, as a result of continued administration.
MSH

tendency of biological systems (organisms, cells, or cell-free systems) to fail to respond as expected to drug treatment or exposure; may be due to specific enzymes, transporters, or receptors which block drug action.
CSP

OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete). [GOC:go_curators]
GO

Mechanisms, functions, activities, or processes exhibited by tumors or pathogens to withstand previously toxic drugs.
NCI

The failure of cancer cells, viruses, or bacteria to respond to a drug used to kill or weaken them. The cells, viruses, or bacteria may be resistant to the drug at the beginning of treatment, or may become resistant after being exposed to the drug.
NCI

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myotonická dystrofie

An autosomal dominant neuromuscular disorder which usually presents in early adulthood, characterized by progressive muscular atrophy (most frequently involving the hands, forearms, and face), myotonia, frontal baldness, lenticular opacities, and testicular atrophy. Cardiac conduction abnormalities, diaphragmatic weakness, and mild INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY may also occur. Congenital myotonic dystrophy is a severe form of this disorder, characterized by neonatal MUSCLE HYPOTONIA, feeding difficulties, respiratory muscle weakness, and an increased incidence of INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1423-5; Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1997, Ch16, pp16-7)
MSH

autosomal dominant neuromuscular disorder which usually presents in early adulthood, characterized by progressive muscular atrophy (most frequently involving the hands, forearms, and face), myotonia, frontal baldness, lenticular opacities, and testicular atrophy; cardiac conduction abnormalities, diaphragmatic weakness, and mild mental retardation may also occur; congenital myotonic dystrophy is a severe form of this disorder.
CSP

An inherited progressive disorder affecting the muscles. It is characterized by muscle wasting and hypotonia, cataracts, heart conduction defects and endocrinopathies.
NCI

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krevní glukosa

Glucose in blood.
MSH

levels of glucose found in the blood.
CSP

Glucose (a type of sugar) found in the blood.
NCI

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HLA-DR3 antigen

An HLA-DR antigen which is associated with HLA-DRB1 CHAINS encoded by DRB1*03 alleles.
MSH

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dýchací svaly

These include the muscles of the DIAPHRAGM and the INTERCOSTAL MUSCLES.
MSH

the group of muscles involved in ventilation (respiration) including the skeletal muscle of the diaphragm and the intercostal muscles.
CSP

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Papilla duodeni, minor

The minor duodenal papilla (when present) connects the accessory pancreatic duct to the DUODENUM.
MSH

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nadolol

A non-selective beta-adrenergic antagonist with a long half-life, used in cardiovascular disease to treat arrhythmias, angina pectoris, and hypertension. Nadolol is also used for MIGRAINE DISORDERS and for tremor.
MSH

A non-selective beta-adrenergic antagonist with antihypertensive and antiarrhythmic activities. Nadolol competitively blocks beta-1 adrenergic receptors located in the heart and vascular smooth muscle, inhibiting the activities of the catecholamines epinephrine and norepinephrine and producing negative inotropic and chronotropic effects. This agent exhibits antiarrhythmic activity via the impairment of atrioventricular (AV) node conduction and a corresponding reduction in sinus rate. In the kidney, inhibition of the beta-2 receptor within the juxtaglomerular apparatus results in the inhibition of renin production and a subsequent reduction in angiotensin II and aldosterone levels, thus inhibiting angiotensin II-dependent vasoconstriction and aldosterone-dependent water retention.
NCI

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hematoretinální bariéra

A specialized transport barrier, in the EYE, formed by the retinal pigment EPITHELIUM, and the ENDOTHELIUM of the BLOOD VESSELS of the RETINA. TIGHT JUNCTIONS joining adjacent cells keep the barrier between cells continuous.
MSH

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Hominidae

Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).
MSH

A taxonomic family that was originally restricted to humans and their extinct relatives, but now also includes the gorilla, orangutan, chimpanzee and bonobo.
NCI

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arteria retinalis – okluze

Sudden ISCHEMIA in the RETINA due to blocked blood flow through the CENTRAL RETINAL ARTERY or its branches leading to sudden complete or partial loss of vision, respectively, in the eye.
MSH

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HILEROKOAREN MINA

Painful menstruation.
MSH

A disorder characterized by abnormally painful abdominal cramps during menses.
NCI

Abnormally painful abdominal cramps during menstruation.
NCI

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nafazolin

An adrenergic vasoconstrictor agent used as a decongestant.
MSH

An imidazole derivative and a direct-acting sympathomimetic amine with vasoconstrictive activity. Upon ocular administration, naphazoline exerts its effect by acting on alpha-adrenergic receptors in the arterioles of the conjunctiva to produce vasoconstriction, resulting in decreased conjunctival congestion and diminished itching, irritation and redness.
NCI

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bombesin

A tetradecapeptide originally obtained from the skins of toads Bombina bombina and B. variegata. It is also an endogenous neurotransmitter in many animals including mammals. Bombesin affects vascular and other smooth muscle, gastric secretion, and renal circulation and function.
MSH

tetradecapeptide; endogenous neurotransmitter in many animals including mammals; affects vascular and other smooth muscle, gastric secretion, and renal circulation and function; originally obtained from the skins of toads of the genus Bombina.
CSP

A peptide (small protein) found in the brain, gastrointestinal tract, and lungs. It causes the release of certain hormones and enzymes. It also causes smooth muscles to contract. Bombesin is found at high levels on small cell lung cancer cells and on other types of cancer cells. It is a type of neuropeptide and a type of hormone.
NCI

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nemocniční informační systémy

Integrated, computer-assisted systems designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information concerned with the administrative and clinical aspects of providing medical services within the hospital.
MSH

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Retroviridae

family of RNA viruses that infects birds and mammals and encodes the enzyme reverse transcriptase; a key feature of retrovirus biology is the synthesis of a DNA copy of the genome which is integrated into cellular DNA; after integration it is sometimes not expressed but maintained in a latent state.
CSP

Family of RNA viruses that infects birds and mammals and encodes the enzyme reverse transcriptase. The family contains seven genera: DELTARETROVIRUS; LENTIVIRUS; RETROVIRUSES TYPE B, MAMMALIAN; ALPHARETROVIRUS; GAMMARETROVIRUS; RETROVIRUSES TYPE D; and SPUMAVIRUS. A key feature of retrovirus biology is the synthesis of a DNA copy of the genome which is integrated into cellular DNA. After integration it is sometimes not expressed but maintained in a latent state (PROVIRUSES).
MSH

A type of virus that has RNA instead of DNA as its genetic material. It uses an enzyme called reverse transcriptase to become part of the host cells` DNA. This allows many copies of the virus to be made in the host cells. The virus that causes AIDS, the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), is a type of retrovirus.
NCI

A family of viruses that possess RNA-dependent DNA polymerases (reverse transcriptases) and contain two identical molecules of positive sense, single-stranded RNA of high molecular weight. This RNA serves as a template for the synthesis of a complementary DNA, which may be integrated into the host DNA. Virions are enveloped.
NCI

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ekdyson

A steroid hormone that regulates the processes of MOLTING or ecdysis in insects.
MSH

steroid hormone that regulates the processes of molting or ecdysis in insects.
CSP

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natamycin

Amphoteric macrolide antifungal antibiotic from Streptomyces natalensis or S. chattanoogensis. It is used for a variety of fungal infections, mainly topically.
MSH

A polyene amphoteric macrolide antibiotic with antifungal properties. Natamycin exerts its antifungal effects by binding to sterols in the fungal cell membrane thereby increasing membrane permeability. This leads to a leakage and loss of essential cellular constituents. Following ocular application, natamycin is retained in the conjunctival fornices and attains effective concentrations within the corneal stroma where it exerts its effect.
NCI

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recenze

Works consisting of critical analyses of books or other monographic works.
MSH

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nemocnice speciální

Hospitals which provide care for a single category of illness with facilities and staff directed toward a specific service.
MSH

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celoroční alergická rýma

Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose similar to that found in hay fever except that symptoms persist throughout the year. The causes are usually air-borne allergens, particularly dusts, feathers, molds, animal fur, etc.
MSH

Allergic rhinitis caused by indoor allergens and lasting year round.
NCI

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ekonomika

The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.
MSH

The branch of social science that deals with the production and distribution and consumption of goods and services and their management.
NCI

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