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nafazolin

An adrenergic vasoconstrictor agent used as a decongestant.
MSH

An imidazole derivative and a direct-acting sympathomimetic amine with vasoconstrictive activity. Upon ocular administration, naphazoline exerts its effect by acting on alpha-adrenergic receptors in the arterioles of the conjunctiva to produce vasoconstriction, resulting in decreased conjunctival congestion and diminished itching, irritation and redness.
NCI

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supinační poloha

The posture of an individual lying face up.
MSH

A posterior recumbent body position whereby the person lies on its back and faces upward.
NCI

A posterior recumbent body position whereby the person lies on its back and faces upward. (NCI)
NCI

Deprecation Comment:This concept has been deprecated because it does not describe a type of Act (as it should in the ActClass code system), but rather encodes the result or value of an observation. The same code has been added to the ObservationValue code system.


HL7V3.0

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bronchoskopie

endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the bronchi.
CSP

A procedure that uses a bronchoscope to examine the inside of the trachea, bronchi (air passages that lead to the lungs), and lungs. A bronchoscope is a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and a lens for viewing. It may also have a tool to remove tissue to be checked under a microscope for signs of disease. The bronchoscope is inserted through the nose or mouth. Bronchoscopy may be used to detect cancer or to perform some treatment procedures.
NCI

a test to view the airways and diagnose lung disease
CHV

Endoscopic examination of the tracheobronchial tree.
NCI

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nemocniční informační systémy

Integrated, computer-assisted systems designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information concerned with the administrative and clinical aspects of providing medical services within the hospital.
MSH

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pirinitramid

A diphenylpropylamine with intense narcotic analgesic activity of long duration. It is a derivative of MEPERIDINE with similar activity and usage.
MSH

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elektronspinová rezonanční spektroskopie

A technique applicable to the wide variety of substances which exhibit paramagnetism because of the magnetic moments of unpaired electrons. The spectra are useful for detection and identification, for determination of electron structure, for study of interactions between molecules, and for measurement of nuclear spins and moments. (From McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 7th edition) Electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) spectroscopy is a variant of the technique which can give enhanced resolution. Electron spin resonance analysis can now be used in vivo, including imaging applications such as MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING.
MSH

technique applicable to the wide variety of substances which exhibit paramagnetism because of the magnetic moments of unpaired electrons; the spectra are useful for detection and identification, for determination of electron structure, for study of interactions between molecules, and for measurement of nuclear spins and moments.
CSP

A spectrometric method, based on measurement of electron spins and magnetic moments, for detecting and estimating free radicals in reactions and in biological systems.
NCI

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natamycin

Amphoteric macrolide antifungal antibiotic from Streptomyces natalensis or S. chattanoogensis. It is used for a variety of fungal infections, mainly topically.
MSH

A polyene amphoteric macrolide antibiotic with antifungal properties. Natamycin exerts its antifungal effects by binding to sterols in the fungal cell membrane thereby increasing membrane permeability. This leads to a leakage and loss of essential cellular constituents. Following ocular application, natamycin is retained in the conjunctival fornices and attains effective concentrations within the corneal stroma where it exerts its effect.
NCI

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stomatochirurgie

A dental specialty concerned with the diagnosis and surgical treatment of disease, injuries, and defects of the human oral and maxillofacial region.
MSH

Surgical procedures for treating diseases and disorders of the oral cavity.
NCI

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Bulinus

A genus of small freshwater snails of the order Pulmonata, found throughout Africa and the Middle East, where it is a vector of SCHISTOSOMA HAEMATOBIUM.
MSH

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nemocnice speciální

Hospitals which provide care for a single category of illness with facilities and staff directed toward a specific service.
MSH

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placentární extrakty

Extracts prepared from placental tissue; they may contain specific but uncharacterized factors or proteins with specific activities.
MSH

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poruchy vylučování

Excretory-related psychiatric disorders usually diagnosed in infancy or childhood.
MSH

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krční svaly

Muscle (organ) which is a part of the neck. Examples: platysma, sternocleidomastoid, cricothyroid muscle.
UWDA

The neck muscles consist of the platysma, splenius cervicis, sternocleidomastoid(eus), longus colli, the anterior, medius, and posterior scalenes, digastric(us), stylohyoid(eus), mylohyoid(eus), geniohyoid(eus), sternohyoid(eus), omohyoid(eus), sternothyroid(eus), and thyrohyoid(eus).
MSH

Muscle organ which is a part of the neck. Examples: platysma, sternocleidomastoid, cricothyroid muscle.
FMA

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pot

The fluid excreted by the SWEAT GLANDS. It consists of water containing sodium chloride, phosphate, urea, ammonia, and other waste products.
MSH

Secretion produced by a sweat gland.
UWDA

fluid excreted by the sweat glands; consists of water containing sodium chloride, phosphate, urea, ammonia, and other waste products.
CSP

Sweat is a clear, salty liquid produced by glands in your skin. Sweating is how your body cools itself. You sweat mainly under your arms and on your feet and palms. When sweat mixes with bacteria on your skin, it can cause a smell. Bathing regularly and using antiperspirants or deodorants can help control the odor.

Sweating a lot is normal when it is hot or when you exercise, are anxious or have a fever. It also happens during menopause. However, if you often sweat too much, which is called hyperhidrosis, it might be due to a thyroid or nervous system disorder, low blood sugar or another health problem.

Sweating too little, anhidrosis, can be life-threatening because your body can overheat. Causes of anhidrosis include dehydration, burns, and some skin and nerve disorders.


MEDLINEPLUS

The liquid secreted by the sweat glands. (NCI)
NCI

Secretion produced by a sweat gland.
FMA

The liquid secreted by the sweat glands, having a salty taste and a pH that varies from 4.5 to 7.5. Sweat produced by the eccrine sweat glands is clear with a faint characteristic odor, and contains water, sodium chloride, and traces of albumin, urea, and other compounds. Its composition varies with many factors, e.g., fluid intake, external temperature and humidity, and some hormonal activity. Sweat produced by the larger, deeper, apocrine sweat glands of the axillae contains, in addition, organic material which on bacterial decomposition produces an offensive odor.
NCI

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buspiron

An anxiolytic agent and a serotonin receptor agonist belonging to the azaspirodecanedione class of compounds. Its structure is unrelated to those of the benzodiazepines, but it has an efficacy comparable to DIAZEPAM.
MSH

8-(4-(2-pyrimidinyl)-1-piperazinyl) butyl-8-azaspirodecane-7,9- dione; serotonergic tranquilizer frequently contrasted with benzodiazepine-type, GABAergic tranquilizers.
CSP

An anxiolytic agent chemically and pharmacologically unrelated to benzodiazepines, barbiturates, or other sedative/hypnotic drugs. Although its exact mechanism of action is unknown, buspirone may exert its anti-anxiety effects via serotonin (5-HT1A) and dopamine receptors (D2) and may indirectly affect other neurotransmitter systems. Unlike typical benzodiazepine anxiolytics, this agent does not exert anticonvulsant or muscle relaxant effects and lacks prominent sedative effects.
NCI

A drug that is used to treat certain anxiety disorders. It belongs to the family of drugs called antianxiety agents.
NCI

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experimenty na lidech

The use of humans as investigational subjects.
MSH

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plazmatická transglutaminasa

Despite the non-specific name it generally refers to Factor XIIIa. A few citations use the term nonspecif to state of activation.
MSH

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náhlé příhody – terapie

First aid or other immediate intervention for accidents or medical conditions requiring immediate care and treatment before definitive medical and surgical management can be procured.
MSH

Description:Provision of emergency healthcare .


HL7V3.0

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neonatologie

A subspecialty of Pediatrics concerned with the newborn infant.
MSH

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syndaktylie

A congenital anomaly of the hand or foot, marked by the webbing between adjacent fingers or toes. Syndactylies are classified as complete or incomplete by the degree of joining. Syndactylies can also be simple or complex. Simple syndactyly indicates joining of only skin or soft tissue; complex syndactyly marks joining of bony elements.
MSH

A congenital condition characterized by webbing between the fingers and/or toes, joining the digits together. In rare cases, the joining of the fingers or toes may involve bony fusion between the digits. Common causes include Down Syndrome and hereditary syndactyly.
NCI

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mrtvola

A dead body, usually a human body.
MSH

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hydroa vacciniforme

A vesicular and bullous eruption having a tendency to recur in summer during childhood and commonly appearing on sun-exposed skin. The lesions are surrounded by an erythematous zone and resemble a vaccination. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

A rare skin disorder of unknown etiology affecting children. It is a photodermatitis, characterized by the formation of vesicles and scarring on sun exposed areas.
NCI

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trombocyty – deficit ukládacího poolu

Disorder characterized by a decrease or lack of platelet dense bodies in which the releasable pool of adenine nucleotides and 5HT are normally stored.
MSH

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viry encefalitidy

A collection of single-stranded RNA viruses scattered across the Bunyaviridae, Flaviviridae, and Togaviridae families whose common property is the ability to induce encephalitic conditions in infected hosts.
MSH

collection of single stranded RNA viruses scattered across the Bunyaviridae, Flaviviridae, and Togaviridae families whose common property is the ability to induce encephalitic conditions in infected hosts.
CSP

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neovaskularizace patologická

A pathologic process consisting in proliferation of blood vessels in abnormal tissues or in abnormal positions.
MSH

The formation of new or recent blood vessels. The vasculature network is critical to the development of neoplasms. As the tumor burden grows, vascular endothial cells are recruited to form new blood vessels as an increased demand for blood and nourishment is required.
NCI

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atrioventrikulární nodální reentry tachykardie

Abnormally rapid heartbeats caused by reentry of atrial impulse into the dual (fast and slow) pathways of ATRIOVENTRICULAR NODE. The common type involves a blocked atrial impulse in the slow pathway which reenters the fast pathway in a retrograde direction and simultaneously conducts to the atria and the ventricles leading to rapid HEART RATE of 150-250 beats per minute.
MSH

A supraventricular tachycardia due to reentry along a circuit contained within the AV node. AVNRT is the most common form of supraventricular tachycardia and usually presents as a narrow QRS complex tachycardia at a rate between 150 and 250 beats per minute. (NCI)
NCI

A supraventricular tachycardia due to reentry along a circuit contained within the AV node. AVNRT is the most common form of supraventricular tachycardia and usually presents as a narrow QRS complex tachycardia at a rate between 150 and 250 beats per minute.
NCI

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šťavelan vápenatý

The calcium salt of oxalic acid, occurring in the urine as crystals and in certain calculi.
MSH

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hydroquinone

1,4-dihydroxybenzene.
CSP

Produced as an inhibitor, an antioxidant, and an intermediate in the synthesis of dyes, motor fuels, and oils; in photographic processing; and naturally in certain plant species, Hydroquinone is a phenol derivative with antioxidant properties that can cause toxicity in several organs, notably the kidney. Used as a topical treatment for skin hyperpigmentation and in various cosmetic products, it is metabolized mainly to glutathione conjugates and forms mutagenic DNA adducts in in-vitro systems. (NCI04)
NCI

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Pneumocystis carinii

opportunistic pathogen which can cause a fatal pneumonitis in an immunocompromised host; occurs in 75% of AIDS patients.
CSP

The prototype species of PNEUMOCYSTIS infecting the laboratory rat, Rattus norvegicus (RATS). It was formerly called Pneumocystis carinii f. sp. carinii. Other species of Pneumocystis can also infect rats.
MSH

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endokrinní žlázy – nádory

Tumors or cancer of the ENDOCRINE GLANDS.
MSH

new abnormal endocrine gland tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

A benign or malignant neoplasm arising from the epithelial cells of an endocrine organ. –2003
NCI

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