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bronchoskopie

endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the bronchi.
CSP

A procedure that uses a bronchoscope to examine the inside of the trachea, bronchi (air passages that lead to the lungs), and lungs. A bronchoscope is a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and a lens for viewing. It may also have a tool to remove tissue to be checked under a microscope for signs of disease. The bronchoscope is inserted through the nose or mouth. Bronchoscopy may be used to detect cancer or to perform some treatment procedures.
NCI

a test to view the airways and diagnose lung disease
CHV

Endoscopic examination of the tracheobronchial tree.
NCI

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kyselina dusitá

Nitrous acid (HNO2). A weak acid that exists only in solution. It can form water-soluble nitrites and stable esters. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

the weak acid HNO.
CSP

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adrenochrom

Pigment obtained by the oxidation of epinephrine.
MSH

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obrazy – zpracování pomocí počítače

A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
MSH

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pyokyanin

Antibiotic pigment produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
MSH

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elektronspinová rezonanční spektroskopie

A technique applicable to the wide variety of substances which exhibit paramagnetism because of the magnetic moments of unpaired electrons. The spectra are useful for detection and identification, for determination of electron structure, for study of interactions between molecules, and for measurement of nuclear spins and moments. (From McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 7th edition) Electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) spectroscopy is a variant of the technique which can give enhanced resolution. Electron spin resonance analysis can now be used in vivo, including imaging applications such as MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING.
MSH

technique applicable to the wide variety of substances which exhibit paramagnetism because of the magnetic moments of unpaired electrons; the spectra are useful for detection and identification, for determination of electron structure, for study of interactions between molecules, and for measurement of nuclear spins and moments.
CSP

A spectrometric method, based on measurement of electron spins and magnetic moments, for detecting and estimating free radicals in reactions and in biological systems.
NCI

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Bulinus

A genus of small freshwater snails of the order Pulmonata, found throughout Africa and the Middle East, where it is a vector of SCHISTOSOMA HAEMATOBIUM.
MSH

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noradrenalin

Precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and is a widespread central and autonomic neurotransmitter. Norepinephrine is the principal transmitter of most postganglionic sympathetic fibers and of the diffuse projection system in the brain arising from the locus ceruleus. It is also found in plants and is used pharmacologically as a sympathomimetic.
MSH

precursor of epinephrine; widespread central and autonomic neurotransmitter, principal transmitter of most postganglionic sympathetic fibers; secreted by the adrenal medulla; used pharmacologically as a sympathomimetic.
CSP

A synthetic phenylethylamine that mimics the sympathomimetic actions of the endogenous norepinephrine. Norepinephrine acts directly on the alpha- and beta-adrenergic receptors. Clinically, norepinephrine is used as a peripheral vasoconstrictor that causes constriction of arterial and venous beds via its alpha-adrenergic action. It is also used as a potent inotropic and chronotropic stimulator of the heart mediated through its beta-1 adrenergic action.
NCI

A naturally occurring catecholamine hormone that functions as a neurotransmitter in the sympathetic nervous system. Norepinephrine directly stimulates adrenergic receptors. Stimulation of alpha-adrenergic receptors causes vasoconstriction of the radial smooth muscle of the iris, arteries, arterioles, veins, urinary bladder, and the sphincter of the gastrointestinal tract. Stimulation of beta-1 adrenergic receptors causes an increase in myocardial contractility, heart rate, automaticity, and atrioventricular (AV) conduction while stimulation of beta-2 adrenergic receptors causes bronchiolar and vascular smooth muscle dilatation.
NCI

A chemical made by some nerve cells and in the adrenal gland. It can act as both a neurotransmitter (a chemical messenger used by nerve cells) and a hormone (a chemical that travels in the blood and controls the actions of other cells or organs). Noradrenaline is released from the adrenal gland in response to stress and low blood pressure.
NCI

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Afrika východní

The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.
MSH

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imunoblastická lymfadenopatie

A disorder characterized by proliferation of arborizing small vessels, prominent immunoblastic proliferations and amorphous acidophilic interstitial material. Clinical manifestations include fever, sweats, weight loss, generalized lymphadenopathy and frequently hepatosplenomegaly.
MSH

An aggressive (fast-growing) type of T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma marked by enlarged lymph nodes and hypergammaglobulinemia (increased antibodies in the blood). Other symptoms may include a skin rash, fever, weight loss, or night sweats.
NCI

A mature T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma, characterized by systemic disease and a polymorphous infiltrate involving lymph nodes. It occurs in the middle aged and elderly, with an equal incidence in males and females. The clinical course is typically aggressive. (WHO, 2001)
NCI

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pyrimidinnukleotidy

Pyrimidines with a RIBOSE and phosphate attached that can polymerize to form DNA and RNA.
MSH

one of the monomeric units from which DNA or RNA polymers are constructed, consisting of a pyrimidine base, a pentose sugar, and a phosphate group.
CSP

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poruchy vylučování

Excretory-related psychiatric disorders usually diagnosed in infancy or childhood.
MSH

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buspiron

An anxiolytic agent and a serotonin receptor agonist belonging to the azaspirodecanedione class of compounds. Its structure is unrelated to those of the benzodiazepines, but it has an efficacy comparable to DIAZEPAM.
MSH

8-(4-(2-pyrimidinyl)-1-piperazinyl) butyl-8-azaspirodecane-7,9- dione; serotonergic tranquilizer frequently contrasted with benzodiazepine-type, GABAergic tranquilizers.
CSP

An anxiolytic agent chemically and pharmacologically unrelated to benzodiazepines, barbiturates, or other sedative/hypnotic drugs. Although its exact mechanism of action is unknown, buspirone may exert its anti-anxiety effects via serotonin (5-HT1A) and dopamine receptors (D2) and may indirectly affect other neurotransmitter systems. Unlike typical benzodiazepine anxiolytics, this agent does not exert anticonvulsant or muscle relaxant effects and lacks prominent sedative effects.
NCI

A drug that is used to treat certain anxiety disorders. It belongs to the family of drugs called antianxiety agents.
NCI

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Agorafobie bez panické poruchy v anamnéze

An anxiety disorder characterized by agoraphobia in the absence of a history of panic attacks; the individual fears incapacitation or humiliation in open, public places or situations due to panic-like symptoms rather than a full-blown panic attack.
NCI

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imunologický capping

An energy dependent process following the crosslinking of B CELL ANTIGEN RECEPTORS by multivalent ligands (bivalent anti-antibodies, LECTINS or ANTIGENS), on the B-cell surface. The crosslinked ligand-antigen receptor complexes collect in patches which flow to and aggregate at one pole of the cell to form a large mass – the cap. The caps may then be endocytosed or shed into the environment.
MSH

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Q beta replikasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the replication of the RNA of coliphage Q beta. EC 2.7.7.-.
MSH

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náhlé příhody – terapie

First aid or other immediate intervention for accidents or medical conditions requiring immediate care and treatment before definitive medical and surgical management can be procured.
MSH

Description:Provision of emergency healthcare .


HL7V3.0

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mrtvola

A dead body, usually a human body.
MSH

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alanin

A non-essential amino acid that occurs in high levels in its free state in plasma. It is produced from pyruvate by transamination. It is involved in sugar and acid metabolism, increases IMMUNITY, and provides energy for muscle tissue, BRAIN, and the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
MSH

non-essential amino acid that occurs in high levels in its free state in plasma; it is involved in sugar and acid metabolism, increases immunity, and provides energy for muscle tissue, brain, and the central nervous system.
CSP

Amino acid with side chain -CH3.
NCI

A small non-essential amino acid in humans, Alanine is one of the most widely used for protein construction and is involved in the metabolism of tryptophan and vitamin pyridoxine. Alanine is an important source of energy for muscles and central nervous system, strengthens the immune system, helps in the metabolism of sugars and organic acids, and displays a cholesterol-reducing effect in animals. (NCI04)
NCI

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Motieven

A benefit, consideration, or positive motivational influence, financial or otherwise, given to induce a specific action.
NCI

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chinonreduktasy

NAD(P)H:(quinone acceptor) oxidoreductases. A family that includes three enzymes which are distinguished by their sensitivity to various inhibitors. EC 1.6.99.2 (NAD(P)H DEHYDROGENASE (QUINONE);) is a flavoprotein which reduces various quinones in the presence of NADH or NADPH and is inhibited by dicoumarol. EC 1.6.99.5 (NADH dehydrogenase (quinone)) requires NADH, is inhibited by AMP and 2,4-dinitrophenol but not by dicoumarol or folic acid derivatives. EC 1.6.99.6 (NADPH dehydrogenase (quinone)) requires NADPH and is inhibited by dicoumarol and folic acid derivatives but not by 2,4-dinitrophenol.
MSH

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viry encefalitidy

A collection of single-stranded RNA viruses scattered across the Bunyaviridae, Flaviviridae, and Togaviridae families whose common property is the ability to induce encephalitic conditions in infected hosts.
MSH

collection of single stranded RNA viruses scattered across the Bunyaviridae, Flaviviridae, and Togaviridae families whose common property is the ability to induce encephalitic conditions in infected hosts.
CSP

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šťavelan vápenatý

The calcium salt of oxalic acid, occurring in the urine as crystals and in certain calculi.
MSH

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alkuronium

A non-depolarizing skeletal muscle relaxant similar to TUBOCURARINE. It is used as an anesthesia adjuvant.
MSH

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individualita

Those psychological characteristics which differentiate individuals from one another.
MSH

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záření – látky senzibilizující

Drugs used to potentiate the effectiveness of radiation therapy in destroying unwanted cells.
MSH

chemotherapeutic agent used to enhance the effect of radiation therapy.
CSP

Drugs that make tumor cells more sensitive to radiation therapy.
NCI

An agent that makes tumor cells more sensitive to radiation therapy.
NCI

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endokrinní žlázy – nádory

Tumors or cancer of the ENDOCRINE GLANDS.
MSH

new abnormal endocrine gland tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

A benign or malignant neoplasm arising from the epithelial cells of an endocrine organ. –2003
NCI

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kalsequestrin

Acidic protein found in SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM that binds calcium to the extent of 700-900 nmoles/mg. It plays the role of sequestering calcium transported to the interior of the intracellular vesicle.
MSH

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alkylsulfonany

any compound of the type R-SO3-.
CSP

Organic esters or salts of sulfonic acid derivatives containing an aliphatic hydrocarbon radical.
MSH

An ester of alkane sulfonic acid that acts as an alkylating agent.
NCI

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novorozenec malý vzhledem ke gestačnímu věku

An infant having a birth weight lower than expected for its gestational age.
MSH

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