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celoroční alergická rýma

Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose similar to that found in hay fever except that symptoms persist throughout the year. The causes are usually air-borne allergens, particularly dusts, feathers, molds, animal fur, etc.
MSH

Allergic rhinitis caused by indoor allergens and lasting year round.
NCI

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myiáza

The invasion of living tissues of man and other mammals by dipterous larvae.
MSH

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corpora allata

Paired or fused ganglion-like bodies in the head of insects. The bodies secrete hormones important in the regulation of metamorphosis and the development of some adult tissues.
MSH

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histrionství

A personality disorder characterized by overly reactive and intensely expressed or overly dramatic behavior, proneness to exaggeration, emotional excitability, and disturbances in interpersonal relationships.
MSH

A disorder characterized by an enduring pattern of excessively intense and superficial emotionality, attention seeking behavior, seductive appearance and speech, self dramatization and/or theatrical behavior.
NCI

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ribitol

A sugar alcohol formed by the reduction of ribose.
MSH

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anémie sideroblastická

Anemia characterized by the presence of erythroblasts containing excessive deposits of iron in the marrow.
MSH

acquired or hereditary anemia marked by sideroblasts: bone marrow cells with large mitochondrial deposits of insoluble iron due to defective heme synthesis, leading to ineffective erythropoiesis.
CSP

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myotonická dystrofie

An autosomal dominant neuromuscular disorder which usually presents in early adulthood, characterized by progressive muscular atrophy (most frequently involving the hands, forearms, and face), myotonia, frontal baldness, lenticular opacities, and testicular atrophy. Cardiac conduction abnormalities, diaphragmatic weakness, and mild INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY may also occur. Congenital myotonic dystrophy is a severe form of this disorder, characterized by neonatal MUSCLE HYPOTONIA, feeding difficulties, respiratory muscle weakness, and an increased incidence of INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1423-5; Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1997, Ch16, pp16-7)
MSH

autosomal dominant neuromuscular disorder which usually presents in early adulthood, characterized by progressive muscular atrophy (most frequently involving the hands, forearms, and face), myotonia, frontal baldness, lenticular opacities, and testicular atrophy; cardiac conduction abnormalities, diaphragmatic weakness, and mild mental retardation may also occur; congenital myotonic dystrophy is a severe form of this disorder.
CSP

An inherited progressive disorder affecting the muscles. It is characterized by muscle wasting and hypotonia, cataracts, heart conduction defects and endocrinopathies.
NCI

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kotinin

The N-glucuronide conjugate of cotinine is a major urinary metabolite of NICOTINE. It thus serves as a biomarker of exposure to tobacco SMOKING. It has CNS stimulating properties.
MSH

The major metabolite of nicotine.
NCI

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HLA-DR3 antigen

An HLA-DR antigen which is associated with HLA-DRB1 CHAINS encoded by DRB1*03 alleles.
MSH

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Rickettsia typhi

The etiologic agent of murine typhus (see TYPHUS, ENDEMIC FLEA-BORNE).
MSH

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Rickettsia typhi.
NCI

A species of aerobic, Gram negative, rod and cocci shaped bacteria assigned to the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is obligately intracellular, motile and transmitted to humans by a tick or flea host. R. typhi is a pathogen that causes murine typhus.
NCI

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angiografie

radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.
CSP

A procedure to x-ray blood vessels. The blood vessels can be seen because of an injection of a dye that shows up in the x-ray.
NCI

An x-ray of blood vessels. The person receives an injection of dye to outline the vessels on the x-ray.
NCI

The X-ray examination of the blood vessels or chambers of the heart.
NCI

An X-ray representation of blood vessels made after the injection of a radiopaque substance.
NCI

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jaderné štěpení

Nuclear reaction in which the nucleus of a heavy atom such as uranium or plutonium is split into two approximately equal parts by a neutron, charged particle, or photon.
MSH

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nadolol

A non-selective beta-adrenergic antagonist with a long half-life, used in cardiovascular disease to treat arrhythmias, angina pectoris, and hypertension. Nadolol is also used for MIGRAINE DISORDERS and for tremor.
MSH

A non-selective beta-adrenergic antagonist with antihypertensive and antiarrhythmic activities. Nadolol competitively blocks beta-1 adrenergic receptors located in the heart and vascular smooth muscle, inhibiting the activities of the catecholamines epinephrine and norepinephrine and producing negative inotropic and chronotropic effects. This agent exhibits antiarrhythmic activity via the impairment of atrioventricular (AV) node conduction and a corresponding reduction in sinus rate. In the kidney, inhibition of the beta-2 receptor within the juxtaglomerular apparatus results in the inhibition of renin production and a subsequent reduction in angiotensin II and aldosterone levels, thus inhibiting angiotensin II-dependent vasoconstriction and aldosterone-dependent water retention.
NCI

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kraniologie

The scientific study of variations in size, shape, and proportion of the cranium.
MSH

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Hominidae

Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).
MSH

A taxonomic family that was originally restricted to humans and their extinct relatives, but now also includes the gorilla, orangutan, chimpanzee and bonobo.
NCI

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RNA-polymerasa III

A DNA-dependent RNA polymerase present in bacterial, plant, and animal cells. It functions in the nucleoplasmic structure where it transcribes DNA into RNA. It has specific requirements for cations and salt and has shown an intermediate sensitivity to alpha-amanitin in comparison to RNA polymerase I and II. EC 2.7.7.6.
MSH

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práva zvířat

The moral and ethical bases of the protection of animals from cruelty and abuse. The rights are extended to domestic animals, laboratory animals, and wild animals.
MSH

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nukleotiddeaminasa

Catalyze the hydrolysis of nucleotides with the elimination of ammonia.
MSH

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nafazolin

An adrenergic vasoconstrictor agent used as a decongestant.
MSH

An imidazole derivative and a direct-acting sympathomimetic amine with vasoconstrictive activity. Upon ocular administration, naphazoline exerts its effect by acting on alpha-adrenergic receptors in the arterioles of the conjunctiva to produce vasoconstriction, resulting in decreased conjunctival congestion and diminished itching, irritation and redness.
NCI

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kritický stav

A disease or state in which death is possible or imminent.
MSH

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nemocniční informační systémy

Integrated, computer-assisted systems designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information concerned with the administrative and clinical aspects of providing medical services within the hospital.
MSH

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RNA transferová Glu

A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying glutamic acid to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.
MSH

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anorexie

The lack or loss of APPETITE accompanied by an aversion to food and the inability to eat. It is the defining characteristic of the disorder ANOREXIA NERVOSA.
MSH

clinical manifestation consisting of a physiopathological lack or loss of appetite accompanied by an aversion to food and the inability to eat.
CSP

An abnormal loss of the appetite for food. Anorexia can be caused by cancer, AIDS, a mental disorder (i.e., anorexia nervosa), or other diseases.
NCI

A disorder characterized by a loss of appetite.
NCI

Loss of appetite.
NCI

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ošetřovatelské záznamy

Data recorded by nurses concerning the nursing care given to the patient, including judgment of the patient`s progress.
MSH

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natamycin

Amphoteric macrolide antifungal antibiotic from Streptomyces natalensis or S. chattanoogensis. It is used for a variety of fungal infections, mainly topically.
MSH

A polyene amphoteric macrolide antibiotic with antifungal properties. Natamycin exerts its antifungal effects by binding to sterols in the fungal cell membrane thereby increasing membrane permeability. This leads to a leakage and loss of essential cellular constituents. Following ocular application, natamycin is retained in the conjunctival fornices and attains effective concentrations within the corneal stroma where it exerts its effect.
NCI

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Cryptococcus

mitosporic Tremellales fungal genus whose species usually have a capsule and do not form pseudomycellium.
CSP

A mitosporic Tremellales fungal genus whose species usually have a capsule and do not form pseudomycellium. Teleomorphs include Filobasidiella and Fidobasidium.
MSH

A genus of fungi in the phylum Basidiomycota that grows in culture as an encapsulated yeast. Its sexual form is called Filobasidiella and its asexual form is called Cryptococcus.
NCI

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nemocnice speciální

Hospitals which provide care for a single category of illness with facilities and staff directed toward a specific service.
MSH

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ronidazol

Antiprotozoal and antimicrobial agent used mainly in veterinary practice.
MSH

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antropologie fyzická

The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.
MSH

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obezita morbidní

The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.
MSH

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