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krční svaly

Muscle (organ) which is a part of the neck. Examples: platysma, sternocleidomastoid, cricothyroid muscle.
UWDA

The neck muscles consist of the platysma, splenius cervicis, sternocleidomastoid(eus), longus colli, the anterior, medius, and posterior scalenes, digastric(us), stylohyoid(eus), mylohyoid(eus), geniohyoid(eus), sternohyoid(eus), omohyoid(eus), sternothyroid(eus), and thyrohyoid(eus).
MSH

Muscle organ which is a part of the neck. Examples: platysma, sternocleidomastoid, cricothyroid muscle.
FMA

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ekonomika

The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.
MSH

The branch of social science that deals with the production and distribution and consumption of goods and services and their management.
NCI

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rubredoxiny

A class of iron-sulfur proteins that contains one iron coordinated to the sulfur atom of four cysteine residues. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
MSH

class of iron-sulfur proteins that contain one iron coordinated to the sulfur atom of four cysteine residues.
CSP

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experimenty na lidech

The use of humans as investigational subjects.
MSH

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botulismus

A disease caused by potent protein NEUROTOXINS produced by CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM which interfere with the presynaptic release of ACETYLCHOLINE at the NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION. Clinical features include abdominal pain, vomiting, acute PARALYSIS (including respiratory paralysis), blurred vision, and DIPLOPIA. Botulism may be classified into several subtypes (e.g., food-borne, infant, wound, and others). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1208)
MSH

disease caused by potent protein neurotoxins produced by Clostridium botulinum, which interfere with the presynaptic release of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction; clinical features include abdominal pain, vomiting, acute paralysis, blurred vision and diplopia; botulism may be classified into several subtypes such as food borne, infant, wound, and others.
CSP

Botulism is a rare but serious illness caused by a bacterium called Clostridium botulinum, which occurs in soil. It produces a toxin that affects your nerves. There are three kinds of botulism. Foodborne botulism comes from eating foods contaminated with the toxin. Wounds infected with toxin-producing bacteria result in wound botulism. Infant botulism is caused by consuming the spores of the bacteria, usually from honey. All three forms can be deadly and are medical emergencies.

Symptoms include double vision, blurred vision, drooping eyelids, slurred speech, difficulty swallowing, dry mouth and muscle weakness. Treatment may include antitoxins, intensive medical care or surgery of infected wounds.

To prevent botulism:

  • Be very careful when canning foods at home
  • Do not let babies eat honey
  • Get prompt medical care for infected wounds

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


MEDLINEPLUS

A serious bacterial infection caused by botulinum toxin which is produced by Clostridium botulinum. Patients are infected usually by ingestion of contaminated food or wound contamination. It leads to muscle paralysis which may result in respiratory failure.
NCI

a neurologic disease caused by the toxin of the bacteria called Clostridium botulinum
CHV

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Octopoda

An eight-armed cephalopod mollusk belonging to the order Octopoda. It includes the octopus as food.
MSH

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neonatologie

A subspecialty of Pediatrics concerned with the newborn infant.
MSH

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vzdělávací oddělení nemocnice

Hospital department responsible for administering educational and training activities pertaining to health for patients and staff.
MSH

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světlicový olej

An oily liquid extracted from the seeds of the safflower, Carthamus tinctorius. It is used as a dietary supplement in the management of HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA. It is used also in cooking, as a salad oil, and as a vehicle for medicines, paints, varnishes, etc. (Dorland, 28th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
MSH

An oil derived from the seed of the safflower, and chemically similar to sunflower oil. Two principal varieties differ in the type of fatty acids predominating the oil: those which are high in oleic acid, and those which are high in linoleic acid. The main uses of safflower oil are in cooking oils and in production of margarine and salad dressing.
NCI

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hydroa vacciniforme

A vesicular and bullous eruption having a tendency to recur in summer during childhood and commonly appearing on sun-exposed skin. The lesions are surrounded by an erythematous zone and resemble a vaccination. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

A rare skin disorder of unknown etiology affecting children. It is a photodermatitis, characterized by the formation of vesicles and scarring on sun exposed areas.
NCI

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Brassica

A plant genus of the family Cruciferae. It contains many species and cultivars used as food including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale, collard greens, MUSTARD PLANT; (B. alba, B. junica, and B. nigra), turnips (BRASSICA NAPUS) and rapeseed (BRASSICA RAPA).
MSH

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masťové základy

Various mixtures of fats, waxes, animal and plant oils and solid and liquid hydrocarbons; vehicles for medicinal substances intended for external application; there are four classes: hydrocarbon base, absorption base, water-removable base and water-soluble base; several are also emollients.
MSH

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neovaskularizace patologická

A pathologic process consisting in proliferation of blood vessels in abnormal tissues or in abnormal positions.
MSH

The formation of new or recent blood vessels. The vasculature network is critical to the development of neoplasms. As the tumor burden grows, vascular endothial cells are recruited to form new blood vessels as an increased demand for blood and nourishment is required.
NCI

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eferentní nervové dráhy

Nerve structures through which impulses are conducted from a nerve center toward a peripheral site. Such impulses are conducted via efferent neurons (NEURONS, EFFERENT), such as MOTOR NEURONS, autonomic neurons, and hypophyseal neurons.
MSH

Nerve structures through which impulses are conducted from a nerve center toward a peripheral site. (MeSH)
NCI

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Salmonella enteritidis

A serotype of Salmonella enterica which is an etiologic agent of gastroenteritis in man and other animals.
MSH

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hydroquinone

1,4-dihydroxybenzene.
CSP

Produced as an inhibitor, an antioxidant, and an intermediate in the synthesis of dyes, motor fuels, and oils; in photographic processing; and naturally in certain plant species, Hydroquinone is a phenol derivative with antioxidant properties that can cause toxicity in several organs, notably the kidney. Used as a topical treatment for skin hyperpigmentation and in various cosmetic products, it is metabolized mainly to glutathione conjugates and forms mutagenic DNA adducts in in-vitro systems. (NCI04)
NCI

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bromisovalum

A sedative and mild hypnotic with potentially toxic effects.
MSH

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Onchocerca

A genus of parasitic nematodes whose organisms live and breed in skin and subcutaneous tissues. Onchocercal microfilariae may also be found in the urine, blood, or sputum.
MSH

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nervový systém – nemoci

Diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. This includes disorders of the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscle.
MSH

Any deviation from the normal structure or function of the nervous system that is manifested by a characteristic set of symptoms and signs. (NCI)
NCI

impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning of the nervous system.
CSP

Any deviation from the normal structure or function of the nervous system that is manifested by a characteristic set of symptoms and signs.
NCI

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elastomery

A generic term for all substances having the properties of stretching under tension, high tensile strength, retracting rapidly, and recovering their original dimensions fully. They are generally POLYMERS.
MSH

general term for substances having the properties of natural, reclaimed, vulcanized, or synthetic rubber, in that they stretch under tension, have a high tensile strength, retract rapidly, and recover their original dimensions fully.
CSP

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sarkoidóza plicní

Sarcoidosis affecting predominantly the lungs, the site most frequently involved and most commonly causing morbidity and mortality in sarcoidosis. Pulmonary sarcoidosis is characterized by sharply circumscribed granulomas in the alveolar, bronchial, and vascular walls, composed of tightly packed cells derived from the mononuclear phagocyte system. The clinical symptoms when present are dyspnea upon exertion, nonproductive cough, and wheezing. (Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p431)
MSH

Sarcoidosis affecting the lung parenchyma. It is characterized by the presence of non-necrotizing granulomas in the lung tissues. It is manifested with dyspnea, cough, fever, night sweats, fatigue, and weight loss.
NCI

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hydroxyprolin

A hydroxylated form of the imino acid proline. A deficiency in ASCORBIC ACID can result in impaired hydroxyproline formation.
MSH

C5H9NO3; amino acid derived from proline, found in collagen and gelatin.
CSP

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bronchoskopie

endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the bronchi.
CSP

A procedure that uses a bronchoscope to examine the inside of the trachea, bronchi (air passages that lead to the lungs), and lungs. A bronchoscope is a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and a lens for viewing. It may also have a tool to remove tissue to be checked under a microscope for signs of disease. The bronchoscope is inserted through the nose or mouth. Bronchoscopy may be used to detect cancer or to perform some treatment procedures.
NCI

a test to view the airways and diagnose lung disease
CHV

Endoscopic examination of the tracheobronchial tree.
NCI

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ophthalmia neonatorum

Acute conjunctival inflammation in the newborn, usually caused by maternal gonococcal infection. The causative agent is NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE. The baby`s eyes are contaminated during passage through the birth canal.
MSH

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neuroendokrinologie

The study of the anatomical and functional relationships between the nervous system and the endocrine system.
MSH

Studies of the interactions between the nervous system and endocrine system.
NCI

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elektronspinová rezonanční spektroskopie

A technique applicable to the wide variety of substances which exhibit paramagnetism because of the magnetic moments of unpaired electrons. The spectra are useful for detection and identification, for determination of electron structure, for study of interactions between molecules, and for measurement of nuclear spins and moments. (From McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 7th edition) Electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) spectroscopy is a variant of the technique which can give enhanced resolution. Electron spin resonance analysis can now be used in vivo, including imaging applications such as MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING.
MSH

technique applicable to the wide variety of substances which exhibit paramagnetism because of the magnetic moments of unpaired electrons; the spectra are useful for detection and identification, for determination of electron structure, for study of interactions between molecules, and for measurement of nuclear spins and moments.
CSP

A spectrometric method, based on measurement of electron spins and magnetic moments, for detecting and estimating free radicals in reactions and in biological systems.
NCI

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Schistosoma

genus of digenetic trematodes, including the important blood flukes of humans and domestic animals, that cause schistosomiasis; characterized by elongate shape, by separate sexes with marked sexual dimorphism, by their unusual location in the smaller blood vessels of their host, and by utilization of water snails as intermediate hosts.
CSP

A genus of trematode flukes belonging to the family Schistosomatidae. There are over a dozen species. These parasites are found in man and other mammals. Snails are the intermediate hosts.
MSH

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hyperglykémie

abnormally high blood glucose level.
CSP

Higher than normal amount of glucose (a type of sugar) in the blood. Hyperglycemia can be a sign of diabetes or other conditions.
NCI

A disorder characterized by laboratory test results that indicate an elevation in the concentration of blood sugar. It is usually an indication of diabetes mellitus or glucose intolerance.
NCI

A high level of blood sugar. It is usually an indication of diabetes mellitus.
NCI

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Bulinus

A genus of small freshwater snails of the order Pulmonata, found throughout Africa and the Middle East, where it is a vector of SCHISTOSOMA HAEMATOBIUM.
MSH

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optika oční

The professional practice of primary eye and vision care that includes the measurement of visual refractive power and the correction of visual defects with lenses or glasses.
MSH

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