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lutecium

Lutetium. An element of the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Lu, atomic number 71, and atomic weight 175.
MSH

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celoroční alergická rýma

Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose similar to that found in hay fever except that symptoms persist throughout the year. The causes are usually air-borne allergens, particularly dusts, feathers, molds, animal fur, etc.
MSH

Allergic rhinitis caused by indoor allergens and lasting year round.
NCI

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galaktosylceramidy

Cerebrosides which contain as their polar head group a galactose moiety bound in glycosidic linkage to the hydroxyl group of ceramide. Their accumulation in tissue, due to a defect in beta-galactosidase, is the cause of galactosylceramide lipidosis or globoid cell leukodystrophy.
MSH

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corpora allata

Paired or fused ganglion-like bodies in the head of insects. The bodies secrete hormones important in the regulation of metamorphosis and the development of some adult tissues.
MSH

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virus lymfocytární choriomeningitidy

The type species of ARENAVIRUS, part of the Old World Arenaviruses (ARENAVIRUSES, OLD WORLD), producing a silent infection in house and laboratory mice. In humans, infection with LCMV can be inapparent, or can present with an influenza-like illness, a benign aseptic meningitis, or a severe meningoencephalomyelitis. The virus can also infect monkeys, dogs, field mice, guinea pigs, and hamsters, the latter an epidemiologically important host.
MSH

type species of Arenavirus, part of the Old World Arenaviruses etiologic agent of lymphocytic choriomeningitis; occurs naturally in mice, dogs and monkeys.
CSP

A species of single-stranded, negative-sense RNA viruses in the genus arenavirus and family arenaviridae. It is spread by rodents and causes meningitis and encephalitis.
NCI

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ribitol

A sugar alcohol formed by the reduction of ribose.
MSH

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anémie sideroblastická

Anemia characterized by the presence of erythroblasts containing excessive deposits of iron in the marrow.
MSH

acquired or hereditary anemia marked by sideroblasts: bone marrow cells with large mitochondrial deposits of insoluble iron due to defective heme synthesis, leading to ineffective erythropoiesis.
CSP

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gamma1-MSH

The 11-residue peptide that is fully amidated.
MSH

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kotinin

The N-glucuronide conjugate of cotinine is a major urinary metabolite of NICOTINE. It thus serves as a biomarker of exposure to tobacco SMOKING. It has CNS stimulating properties.
MSH

The major metabolite of nicotine.
NCI

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Macaca

large genus of Old World monkeys (family Cercopithecidae) that includes the macaque and rhesus monkeys, and the Barbary apes; Macaca mulatta, the rhesus monkey, is used as a research animal.
CSP

A genus of the subfamily CERCOPITHECINAE, family CERCOPITHECIDAE, consisting of 16 species inhabiting forests of Africa, Asia, and the islands of Borneo, Philippines, and Celebes.
MSH

Any of several species of short-tailed monkeys of the genus Macacus.
NCI

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Rickettsia typhi

The etiologic agent of murine typhus (see TYPHUS, ENDEMIC FLEA-BORNE).
MSH

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Rickettsia typhi.
NCI

A species of aerobic, Gram negative, rod and cocci shaped bacteria assigned to the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is obligately intracellular, motile and transmitted to humans by a tick or flea host. R. typhi is a pathogen that causes murine typhus.
NCI

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angiografie

radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.
CSP

A procedure to x-ray blood vessels. The blood vessels can be seen because of an injection of a dye that shows up in the x-ray.
NCI

An x-ray of blood vessels. The person receives an injection of dye to outline the vessels on the x-ray.
NCI

The X-ray examination of the blood vessels or chambers of the heart.
NCI

An X-ray representation of blood vessels made after the injection of a radiopaque substance.
NCI

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žaludek – píštěl

Abnormal passage communicating with the STOMACH.
MSH

abnormal passage communicating with the stomach; often applied to an artificially created opening through the abdominal wall into the stomach (gastrostoma).
CSP

An abnormal communication between the stomach and another organ or anatomic site.
NCI

A disorder characterized by an abnormal communication between the stomach and another organ or anatomic site.
NCI

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jaderné štěpení

Nuclear reaction in which the nucleus of a heavy atom such as uranium or plutonium is split into two approximately equal parts by a neutron, charged particle, or photon.
MSH

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kraniologie

The scientific study of variations in size, shape, and proportion of the cranium.
MSH

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magnetická rezonanční tomografie

Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
MSH

non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images; concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
CSP

A procedure in which radio waves and a powerful magnet linked to a computer are used to create detailed pictures of areas inside the body. These pictures can show the difference between normal and diseased tissue. NMRI makes better images of organs and soft tissue than other scanning techniques, such as computed tomography (CT) or x-ray. NMRI is especially useful for imaging the brain, the spine, the soft tissue of joints, and the inside of bones.
NCI

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses a large magnet and radio waves to look at organs and structures inside your body. Health care professionals use MRI scans to diagnose a variety of conditions, from torn ligaments to tumors. MRIs are very useful for examining the brain and spinal cord.

During the scan, you lie on a table that slides inside a tunnel-shaped machine. Doing the scan can take a long time, and you must stay still. The scan is painless. The MRI machine makes a lot of noise. The technician may offer you earplugs.

Before you get a scan, tell your doctor if you

  • Are pregnant
  • Have pieces of metal in your body. You might have metal in your body if you have a shrapnel or bullet injury or if you are a welder
  • Have electronic devices in your body, such as a cardiac pacemaker


MEDLINEPLUS

Imaging that uses radiofrequency waves and a strong magnetic field rather than x-rays to provide amazingly clear and detailed pictures of internal organs and tissues. The technique is valuable for the diagnosis of many pathologic conditions, including cancer, heart and vascular disease, stroke, and joint and musculoskeletal disorders.
NCI

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RNA-polymerasa III

A DNA-dependent RNA polymerase present in bacterial, plant, and animal cells. It functions in the nucleoplasmic structure where it transcribes DNA into RNA. It has specific requirements for cations and salt and has shown an intermediate sensitivity to alpha-amanitin in comparison to RNA polymerase I and II. EC 2.7.7.6.
MSH

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práva zvířat

The moral and ethical bases of the protection of animals from cruelty and abuse. The rights are extended to domestic animals, laboratory animals, and wild animals.
MSH

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Gaucherova nemoc

An autosomal recessive disorder caused by a deficiency of acid beta-glucosidase (GLUCOSYLCERAMIDASE) leading to intralysosomal accumulation of glycosylceramide mainly in cells of the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM. The characteristic Gaucher cells, glycosphingolipid-filled HISTIOCYTES, displace normal cells in BONE MARROW and visceral organs causing skeletal deterioration, hepatosplenomegaly, and organ dysfunction. There are several subtypes based on the presence and severity of neurological involvement.
MSH

autosomal recessive disorder caused by deficiency of the enzyme glucocerebrosidase featuring the pathological storage of glycosylceramide in mononuclear phagocytes; the most common subtype is the non-neuronopathic form, a slowly progressive condition characterized by hepatosplenomegaly and skeletal deformities; the neuronopathic forms are divided into infantile and juvenile forms; the infantile form presents at 4-5 months of age with anemia, loss of cognitive gains, neck retraction, dysphagia, and hepatosplenomegaly; the juvenile form features a slowly progressive loss of intellect, hepatosplenomegaly, ataxia, myoclonic seizures, and spasticity; the neuronopathic forms are characterized by neuronal loss with neuronophagia, and accumulation of glucocerebroside in neurons.
CSP

An inherited lysosomal storage disease caused by deficiency of the enzyme glucocerebrosidase. It results in the accumulation of a fatty substance called glucocerebroside in mononuclear cells in the bone marrow, liver, spleen, brain, and kidneys. Signs and symptoms include hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, neurologic disorders, lymphadenopathy, skeletal disorders, anemia and thrombocytopenia.
NCI

Gaucher`s disease is a rare, inherited disorder that causes too much of a substance called glucocerebroside to build up in your spleen, liver, lungs, bones and sometimes in your brain. The buildup prevents these organs from working properly.

There are three types:

  • Type 1, the most common form, causes liver and spleen enlargement, bone pain and broken bones, and, sometimes, lung and kidney problems. It does not involve the brain. It can occur at any age.
  • Type 2, which causes severe brain damage, appears in infants. Most children who have it die by age 2.
  • In type 3, there may be liver and spleen enlargement, and signs of brain involvement appear gradually.

Gaucher`s disease has no cure. Treatment options for types 1 and 3 include medicine and enzyme replacement therapy, which is usually very effective. There is no good treatment for the brain damage of type 2.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


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nukleotiddeaminasa

Catalyze the hydrolysis of nucleotides with the elimination of ammonia.
MSH

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kritický stav

A disease or state in which death is possible or imminent.
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maligní hypertermie

Rapid and excessive rise of temperature accompanied by muscular rigidity following general anesthesia.
MSH

usually inherited reaction to general anesthesia manifested as a sudden, rapid rise in temperature, hypermetabolism, and skeletal muscle rigidity; mutation is in the calcium release channel of skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum.
CSP

A rare disorder characterized by rapid rise of the body temperature, accompanied by rhabdomyolysis and, if untreated, by collapse and death. It occurs in susceptible individuals who receive certain drugs for general anesthesia, gas anesthetics, or succinylcholine. It may be inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern.
NCI

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RNA transferová Glu

A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying glutamic acid to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.
MSH

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anorexie

The lack or loss of APPETITE accompanied by an aversion to food and the inability to eat. It is the defining characteristic of the disorder ANOREXIA NERVOSA.
MSH

clinical manifestation consisting of a physiopathological lack or loss of appetite accompanied by an aversion to food and the inability to eat.
CSP

An abnormal loss of the appetite for food. Anorexia can be caused by cancer, AIDS, a mental disorder (i.e., anorexia nervosa), or other diseases.
NCI

A disorder characterized by a loss of appetite.
NCI

Loss of appetite.
NCI

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genová přestavba

The ordered rearrangement of gene regions by DNA recombination such as that which occurs normally during development.
MSH

covalent DNA changes in cells during normal differentiation resulting in new sequences, expression, or gene products; mechanism of binding site diversification for antibodies, certain receptors, and possibly other proteins.
CSP

Any DNA sequence rearrangement that results in the creation of a novel protein-coding capacity. Within certain genes, gene rearrangement is a normal part of development, facilitating the affinity maturation of B and T lymphocytes as well as class switching of immunoglobulins.
NCI

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ošetřovatelské záznamy

Data recorded by nurses concerning the nursing care given to the patient, including judgment of the patient`s progress.
MSH

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Cryptococcus

mitosporic Tremellales fungal genus whose species usually have a capsule and do not form pseudomycellium.
CSP

A mitosporic Tremellales fungal genus whose species usually have a capsule and do not form pseudomycellium. Teleomorphs include Filobasidiella and Fidobasidium.
MSH

A genus of fungi in the phylum Basidiomycota that grows in culture as an encapsulated yeast. Its sexual form is called Filobasidiella and its asexual form is called Cryptococcus.
NCI

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mandibula – poranění

Injuries to the lower jaw bone.
MSH

Your jaw is a set of bones that holds your teeth. It consists of two main parts. The upper part is the maxilla. It doesn`t move. The moveable lower part is called the mandible. You move it when you talk or chew. The two halves of the mandible meet at your chin. The joint where the mandible meets your skull is the temporomandibular joint.

Jaw problems include

Treatment of jaw problems depends on the cause.


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ronidazol

Antiprotozoal and antimicrobial agent used mainly in veterinary practice.
MSH

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antropologie fyzická

The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.
MSH

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