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histidinolfosfatasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of histidinol-phosphate to histidinol. One of the regulatory enzymes in histidine biosynthesis. EC 3.1.3.15.
MSH

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temporomandibulární kloub – nemoci

A variety of conditions affecting the anatomic and functional characteristics of the temporomandibular joint. Factors contributing to the complexity of temporomandibular diseases are its relation to dentition and mastication and the symptomatic effects in other areas which account for referred pain to the joint and the difficulties in applying traditional diagnostic procedures to temporomandibular joint pathology where tissue is rarely obtained and x-rays are often inadequate or nonspecific. Common diseases are developmental abnormalities, trauma, subluxation, luxation, arthritis, and neoplasia. (From Thoma`s Oral Pathology, 6th ed, pp577-600)
MSH

Any condition affecting the anatomic and functional characteristics of the temporomandibular joint.
NCI

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histokompatibilita – antigeny třídy I

Membrane glycoproteins consisting of an alpha subunit and a BETA 2-MICROGLOBULIN beta subunit. In humans, highly polymorphic genes on CHROMOSOME 6 encode the alpha subunits of class I antigens and play an important role in determining the serological specificity of the surface antigen. Class I antigens are found on most nucleated cells and are generally detected by their reactivity with alloantisera. These antigens are recognized during GRAFT REJECTION and restrict cell-mediated lysis of virus-infected cells.
MSH

large transmembrane, polymorphic glycoproteins noncovalently associated with nonpolymorphic beta 2-microglobulin; in humans, three structural genes on chromosome 6 code for the HLA-A, HLA-B and HLA-C antigens, and in mice three genes on chromosome 17 code for the H-2 antigens; class I antigens are found on most nucleated cells, are recognized during graft rejection, restrict cell-mediated lysis of virus infected cells, and are associated with rheumatologic diseases and certain malignant disorders.
CSP

Found on virtually every cell, MHC (Major Histocompatibility, HLA) Class-I (Antigens) Proteins consist of noncovalently bound polymorphic 44-kDa MHC membrane glycoprotein and nonpolymorphic 12-kDa b2-microglobulin. The HLA antigens are encoded by closely linked multiallelic genes of the HLA (MHC) complex, a region containing several genetic loci (HLA-A, -B, -C, -DP, -DQ, -DR, -MB, -MT, and -Te).
NCI

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tenosynovitida

Inflammation of the synovial lining of a tendon sheath. Causes include trauma, tendon stress, bacterial disease (gonorrhea, tuberculosis), rheumatic disease, and gout. Common sites are the hand, wrist, shoulder capsule, hip capsule, hamstring muscles, and Achilles tendon. The tendon sheaths become inflamed and painful, and accumulate fluid. Joint mobility is usually reduced.
MSH

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polynukleotidy

chain structure containing numerous nucleotides linked together by phosphodiester bonds (5`-3`); the nucleotide units consist of a purine or pyrimidine base, a pentose sugar, and a phosphate group.
CSP

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nemoci kochley

Pathological processes of the snail-like structure (COCHLEA) of the inner ear (LABYRINTH) which can involve its nervous tissue, blood vessels, or fluid (ENDOLYMPH).
MSH

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myoepiteliální nádor

A usually benign tumor made up predominantly of myoepithelial cells.
MSH

A benign or malignant epithelial neoplasm characterized by the presence of cells that show myoepithelial differentiation. Based on its morphologic features, it is classified as benign or malignant. A representative example of benign myoepithelioma is benign salivary gland myoepithelioma. Representative examples of malignant myoepithelioma or myoepithelial carcinoma are malignant breast myoepithelioma and salivary gland myoepithelial carcinoma.
NCI

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HIV-1

The type species of LENTIVIRUS and the etiologic agent of AIDS. It is characterized by its cytopathic effect and affinity for the T4-lymphocyte.
MSH

type species of Lentivirus and the etiologic agent of AIDS; characterized by its cytopathic effect and affinity for the T4 lymphocyte.
CSP

The type species of lentivirus and the etiologic agent of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). It is characterized by its cytopathic effect and affinity for the T4-lymphocyte. (from MeSH)
NCI

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tetanový antitoxin

An antitoxin used for the treatment of TETANUS.
MSH

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Pongo pygmaeus

A species of orangutan, family HOMINIDAE, found in the forests on the island of Borneo.
MSH

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koitus

The sexual union of a male and a female, a term used for human only.
MSH

The act of sexual procreation between a man and a woman; the man`s penis is inserted into the woman`s vagina and excited until orgasm and ejaculation occur.
NCI

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Myxobacterales

order of rod shaped, gram negative fruiting gliding bacteria found in soil, water and humus.
CSP

An order of rod-shaped, gram-negative fruiting gliding bacteria found in SOIL; WATER; and HUMUS.
MSH

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záliby

Leisure activities engaged in for pleasure.
MSH

An area of interest or recreational activity that someone pursues outside their occupational duties.
NCI

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učebnice

Books intended for use in the study of specific subjects, containing systematic presentation of the principles and essential knowledge of the subjects.
MSH

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poštovní služba

The functions and activities carried out by the U.S. Postal Service, foreign postal services, and private postal services such as Federal Express.
MSH

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kolaterální oběh

Maintenance of blood flow to an organ despite obstruction of a principal vessel. Blood flow is maintained through small vessels.
MSH

maintenance of blood flow to an organ despite obstruction of a principal vessel; blood flow is maintained through small vessels.
CSP

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nafronyl

A drug used in the management of peripheral and cerebral vascular disorders. It is claimed to enhance cellular oxidative capacity and to be a spasmolytic. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1310) It may also be an antagonist at 5HT-2 serotonin receptors.
MSH

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hordeolum

Purulent infection of one of the sebaceous glands of Zeis along the eyelid margin (external) or of the meibomian gland on the conjunctival side of the eyelid (internal).
MSH

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termodiluce

Measurement of blood flow based on induction at one point of the circulation of a known change in the intravascular heat content of flowing blood and detection of the resultant change in temperature at a point downstream.
MSH

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povidon

A polyvinyl polymer of variable molecular weight; used as suspending and dispersing agent and vehicle for pharmaceuticals; also used as blood volume expander.
MSH

synthetic polymer principally consisting of linear 1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone groups; used as a dispersing and suspending agent and in pharmaceutical preparations.
CSP

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kolostomie

The surgical construction of an opening between the colon and the surface of the body.
MSH

An opening into the colon from the outside of the body. A colostomy provides a new path for waste material to leave the body after part of the colon has been removed.
NCI

The surgical creation of an opening between the colon and the surface of the body. (MeSH)
NCI

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narcismus

A psychoanalytic term meaning self-love.
MSH

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hospitalizace

The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
MSH

The condition of being treated as a patient in a hospital.
NCI

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hubenost

A state of insufficient flesh on the body usually defined as having a body weight less than skeletal and physical standards. Depending on age, sex, and genetic background, a BODY MASS INDEX of less than 18.5 is considered as underweight.
MSH

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prednisolon

A glucocorticoid with the general properties of the corticosteroids. It is the drug of choice for all conditions in which routine systemic corticosteroid therapy is indicated, except adrenal deficiency states.
MSH

synthetic glucocorticoid with the general properties of the corticosteroids.
CSP

A drug that lessens inflammation and suppresses the body`s immune response. It may also kill cancer cells. Prednisolone is used to treat disorders in many organ systems and to treat the symptoms of several types of leukemia and lymphoma. It is also being studied in the treatment of other types of cancer. Prednisolone is a type of therapeutic glucocorticoid.
NCI

A synthetic glucocorticoid with anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating properties. After cell surface receptor attachment and cell entry, prednisolone enters the nucleus where it binds to and activates specific nuclear receptors, resulting in an altered gene expression and inhibition of proinflammatory cytokine production. This agent also decreases the number of circulating lymphocytes, induces cell differentiation, and stimulates apoptosis in sensitive tumor cells populations. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=43296&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=43296&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C769″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A synthetic glucocorticoid with anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating properties. After cell surface receptor attachment and cell entry, prednisolone enters the nucleus where it binds to and activates specific nuclear receptors, resulting in an altered gene expression and inhibition of proinflammatory cytokine production. This agent also decreases the number of circulating lymphocytes, induces cell differentiation, and stimulates apoptosis in sensitive tumor cells populations. (NCI04)
NCI

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komunitní ošetřovatelská péče

General and comprehensive nursing practice directed to individuals, families, or groups as it relates to and contributes to the health of a population. This is not an official program of a Public Health Department.
MSH

A discipline in nursing with a focus on the delivery of health care and disease prevention to residents living in a common geographic area.
NCI

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natriuretické hormony

Endogenous chemicals that regulate the WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE in the body, such as the NATRIURETIC PEPTIDES.
MSH

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návštěvy pacientů doma

Visits to the patient`s home by professional personnel for the purpose of diagnosis and/or treatment.
MSH

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thioxantheny

Compounds with three aromatic rings in linear arrangement with a SULFUR in the center ring.
MSH

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těhotenství – specifické beta-1-glykoproteiny

Glycoproteins with the electrophoretic mobility of BETA-GLOBULINS, secreted by the placental TROPHOBLASTS into the maternal bloodstream during PREGNANCY. They can be detected 18 days after OVULATION and reach 200 mg/ml at the end of pregnancy. They are associated with fetal well-being.
MSH

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