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pyrimidinnukleotidy

Pyrimidines with a RIBOSE and phosphate attached that can polymerize to form DNA and RNA.
MSH

one of the monomeric units from which DNA or RNA polymers are constructed, consisting of a pyrimidine base, a pentose sugar, and a phosphate group.
CSP

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data – zobrazování

The visual display of data in a man-machine system. An example is when data is called from the computer and transmitted to a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY or LIQUID CRYSTAL display.
MSH

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galium – radioisotopy

Unstable isotopes of gallium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Ga atoms with atomic weights 63-68, 70 and 72-76 are radioactive gallium isotopes.
MSH

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pyrofosfatasy

A group of enzymes within the class EC 3.6.1.- that catalyze the hydrolysis of diphosphate bonds, chiefly in nucleoside di- and triphosphates. They may liberate either a mono- or diphosphate. EC 3.6.1.-.
MSH

nonEC; catalyses the hydrolysis of diphosphate bonds, chiefly in nucleoside di- and triphosphates.
CSP

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DDT

A polychlorinated pesticide that is resistant to destruction by light and oxidation. Its unusual stability has resulted in difficulties in residue removal from water, soil, and foodstuffs. This substance may reasonably be anticipated to be a carcinogen: Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP-85-002, 1985). (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

insecticide that came into prominence during and after World War II; for a time it proved very effective, but insect populations rapidly developed tolerance for it, hence much of its original effectiveness has been lost; general usage is now widely discouraged because of the toxicity that results from the environmental persistence of this agent.
CSP

A white, odorless and tasteless, very stable, water-insoluble, synthetic, crystalline chlorinated hydrocarbon that is soluble in most organic solvents, fat and oils and tends to accumulate in ecosystems. DDT was once widely used as a pesticide to control insects in agriculture and to control malaria, typhus and body lice, but its use is now limited. Exposure to DDT mainly affects the nervous system resulting in tremors, dizziness, nausea, incoordination, convulsions and seizures. This substance is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen based on evidence of carcinogenicity in experimental animals. (NCI05)
NCI

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apyrasa

A calcium-activated enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ATP to yield AMP and orthophosphate. It can also act on ADP and other nucleoside triphosphates and diphosphates. EC 3.6.1.5.
MSH

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lymfomatoidní granulomatóza

An angiocentric and angiodestructive lymphoproliferative disorder primarily involving the lungs. It is caused by an Epstein-Barr virus-induced transformation of the B-cells, in a T-cell rich environment. Clinically and pathologically it resembles EXTRANODAL NK-T-CELL LYMPHOMA.
MSH

Destructive growth of lymph cells, usually involving the lungs, skin, kidneys, and central nervous system. Grades I and II are not considered cancerous, but grade III is considered a lymphoma.
NCI

An angiocentric and angiodestructive lymphoproliferative disease involving extranodal sites, comprised of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive B-cells admixed with reactive T-cells. Incidence is higher among adult males; patients with a history of immunodeficiency are at increased risk. The most common site of involvement is the lung; other common sites include brain, kidney, liver, and skin. Morphologically, three grades are recognized: grade I, II, and III. Grade III lymphomatoid granulomatosis should be approached clinically as a subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
NCI

A neoplastic lymphoproliferative process characterized by an angiocentric arrangement of the tumor cells which is associated with angiodestruction. It includes lymphomatoid granulomatosis which is a lymphoproliferative lesion derived from mature B-lymphocytes and cases of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphomas of nasal type.
NCI

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vzduch

The mixture of gases present in the earth`s atmosphere consisting of oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and small amounts of other gases.
MSH

A mixture of gases making up the earth`s atmosphere, consisting mainly of nitrogen, oxygen, argon, and carbon dioxide.
NCI

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gangliová stimulancia

Agents that mimic neural transmission by stimulation of the nicotinic receptors on postganglionic autonomic neurons. Drugs that indirectly augment ganglionic transmission by increasing the release or slowing the breakdown of acetylcholine or by non-nicotinic effects on postganglionic neurons are not included here nor are the nonspecific cholinergic agonists.
MSH

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kvalita zdravotní péče

The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
MSH

activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program; the concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
CSP

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dekontaminace

The removal of contaminating material, such as radioactive materials, biological materials, or CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS, from a person or object.
MSH

To rid of contamination.
NCI

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Areka

A plant genus of the family ARECACEAE. Members contain ARECOLINE and CATECHIN. The leaves and nuts have been used as masticatories, stimulants, and astringents in traditional medicine. The common name of betel is also used for PIPER BETLE. The common name of catechu is sometimes used for ACACIA CATECHU.
MSH

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makrofágy – aktivace

The process of altering the morphology and functional activity of macrophages so that they become avidly phagocytic. It is initiated by lymphokines, such as the macrophage activation factor (MAF) and the macrophage migration-inhibitory factor (MMIF), immune complexes, C3b, and various peptides, polysaccharides, and immunologic adjuvants.
MSH

A change in morphology and behavior of a macrophage resulting from exposure to a cytokine, chemokine, cellular ligand, or soluble factor. [GOC:mgi_curators, ISBN:0781735149 “Fundamental Immunology”, PMID:14506301]
GO

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albuterol

A short-acting beta-2 adrenergic agonist that is primarily used as a bronchodilator agent to treat ASTHMA. Albuterol is prepared as a racemic mixture of R(-) and S(+) stereoisomers. The stereospecific preparation of R(-) isomer of albuterol is referred to as levalbuterol.
MSH

short-acting beta2-adrenergic agonist with its main clinical use in asthma.
CSP

asthma inhaler
CHV

A racemic mixture of the r-isomer levalbuterol and s-albuterol, a short-acting sympathomimetic agent with bronchodilator activity. Albuterol stimulates beta-2 adrenergic receptors in the lungs, thereby activating the enzyme adenylate cyclase that catalyzes the conversion of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to cyclic-3`,5`-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP). Increased cAMP concentrations relax bronchial smooth muscle, relieve bronchospasms, and reduce inflammatory cell mediator release, especially from mast cells. Albuterol although to a lesser extent, also stimulates beta-1 adrenergic receptors, thereby increasing the force and rate of myocardial contraction.
NCI

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gastritida hypertrofická

GASTRITIS with HYPERTROPHY of the GASTRIC MUCOSA. It is characterized by giant gastric folds, diminished acid secretion, excessive MUCUS secretion, and HYPOPROTEINEMIA. Symptoms include VOMITING; DIARRHEA; and WEIGHT LOSS.
MSH

Gastritis characterized by hypertrophy of the gastric mucosa with creation of giant gastric folds. It is associated with hypoalbuminemia due to albumin loss from the stomach. Signs and symptoms include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, edema, and weight loss.
NCI

A condition marked by inflammation and ulcers (breaks on the skin or on the surface of an organ) of the mucosa (inner lining) of the stomach and by overgrowth of the cells that make up the mucosa. Symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea, and weight loss. Patients with giant hypertrophic gastritis may be at a higher risk of stomach cancer.
NCI

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psík mývalovitý

The lone species in the genus Nyctereutes, family CANIDAE. It is found in the woodland zone from southeastern Siberia to Vietnam and on the main islands of Japan.
MSH

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poskytování zdravotní péče

The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
MSH

The provision of medical care.
NCI

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arsenáty

Inorganic or organic salts and esters of arsenic acid.
MSH

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hlavní histokompatibilní komplex

The genetic region which contains the loci of genes which determine the structure of the serologically defined (SD) and lymphocyte-defined (LD) TRANSPLANTATION ANTIGENS, genes which control the structure of the IMMUNE RESPONSE-ASSOCIATED ANTIGENS, HUMAN; the IMMUNE RESPONSE GENES which control the ability of an animal to respond immunologically to antigenic stimuli, and genes which determine the structure and/or level of the first four components of complement.
MSH

genetic region found in all mammals whose products are primarily reponsible for the rapid rejection of grafts between individuals and which signal between lymphocytes and cells expressing antigen; H-2 in mouse and HLA in humans.
CSP

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virus aleutské choroby norků

A species of PARVOVIRUS that causes a disease in mink, mainly those homozygous for the recessive Aleutian gene which determines a desirable coat color.
MSH

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role pohlaví

behavioral patterns expected from individuals by their social group believed to be typical of their sex; certain behavior patterns are culturally influenced, such as ascendance submissiveness, or occupational choices; sex role is often called psychosexual role.
CSP

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radioaktivita

The spontaneous transformation of a nuclide into one or more different nuclides, accompanied by either the emission of particles from the nucleus, nuclear capture or ejection of orbital electrons, or fission. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
MSH

Giving off radiation.
NCI

The quality of emitting or the emission of corpuscular or electromagnetic radiations consequent to nuclear disintegration, a natural property of all chemical elements of atomic number above 83 and possible of induction in all other known elements.
NCI

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zubní artikulátory

Mechanical devices that simulate the temporomandibular joints and jaws to which maxillary and mandibular casts are attached. The entire assembly attempts to reproduce the movements of the mandible and the various tooth-to-tooth relationships that accompany those movements.
MSH

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členovci – jedy

Venoms from animals of the phylum Arthropoda. Those most investigated are from scorpions and spiders of the class Arachnidae and from ant, bee, and wasp families of the Insecta order Hymenoptera. The venoms contain protein toxins, enzymes, and other bioactive substances and may be lethal to man.
MSH

poison produced by arthropods, toxic to other living organisms.
CSP

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zanedbání povinné péče

Failure of a professional person, a physician or lawyer, to render proper services through reprehensible ignorance or negligence or through criminal intent, especially when injury or loss follows. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
MSH

improper or unethical treatment done to a patient by a health care personnel
CHV

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aletrin

Synthetic analogs of the naturally occurring insecticides cinerin, jasmolin, and pyrethrin. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

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péče o pacienta

The services rendered by members of the health profession and non-professionals under their supervision for the benefit of the patient. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p269)
MSH

services rendered by members of the health profession (or under their supervision) for the benefit of the patient.
CSP

Definition:To obtain records as part of patient care.


HL7V3.0

The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
NCI

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radioisotopová ventrikulografie

Imaging of a ventricle of the heart after the injection of a radioactive contrast medium. The technique is less invasive than cardiac catheterization and is used to assess ventricular function.
MSH

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zubní otisky – materiály

Substances used to create an impression, or negative reproduction, of the teeth and dental arches. These materials include dental plasters and cements, metallic oxide pastes, silicone base materials, or elastomeric materials.
MSH

substances used to create an impression, or negative reproduction, of the teeth and dental arches; these materials include dental plasters and cements, metallic oxide pastes, silicone base materials, or elastomeric materials.
CSP

Impression material is a device composed of materials such as alginate or polysulfide intended to be placed on a preformed impression tray and used to reproduce the structure of a patient`s teeth and gums. The device is intended to provide models for study and for production of restorative prosthetic devices, such as gold inlays and dentures.
SPN

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Asie

continent of the eastern hemisphere north of the equator forming a single landmass with Europe, the conventional dividing line being the Ural mountains; has numerous large offshore islands, some south of the equator.
CSP

The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer`s Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
MSH

The world`s largest continent; it occupies the eastern part of the Eurasian landmass and its adjacent islands and is separated from Europe by the Ural Mountains. (American Heritage Online Dictionary)
NCI

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