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viry onkogenní

Viruses that produce tumors.
MSH

viruses that produce tumors; see RTs for specific organisms.
CSP

A virus capable of transforming a cell to a malignant phenotype. (BioTech Life Science Dictionary)
NCI

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intermitentní explozivní porucha

A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of serious assaultive acts or destruction of property due to a failure to resist aggressive impulses; the degree of aggression during these episodes is grossly out of proportion to any psychosocial provocation. The aggressive episodes are not etiologically linked to another mental disorder, a general medical condition, or substance use.
NCI

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sarin

An organophosphorus ester compound that produces potent and irreversible inhibition of cholinesterase. It is toxic to the nervous system and is a chemical warfare agent.
MSH

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kloacin

A bacteriocin produced by a plasmid that can occur in several bacterial strains. It is a basic protein of molecular weight 56,000 and exists in a complex with its immunity protein which protects the host bacterium from its effects.
MSH

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epoxidové pryskyřice

Organic compounds containing an epoxide group and characterized by strength and thermosetting properties. Epoxy resins are often used as dental materials.
MSH

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opisthorchiáza

Infection with flukes of the genus Opisthorchis.
MSH

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střevní nádory

Tumors or cancer of the INTESTINES.
MSH

new abnormal intestinal tissue, small and large intestines, that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

A benign or malignant neoplasm involving the small or large intestine.
NCI

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ESKIZOFRENIA, EDOZEIN MOTA

A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.
MSH

class of psychoses with disturbance mainly of cognition (content and form of thought, perception, sense of self versus external world, volition) and psychomotor function, rather than affect.
CSP

Schizophrenia is a severe, lifelong brain disorder. People who have it may hear voices, see things that aren`t there or believe that others are reading or controlling their minds. In men, symptoms usually start in the late teens and early 20s. They include hallucinations, or seeing things, and delusions such as hearing voices. For women, they start in the mid-20s to early 30s. Other symptoms include

  • Unusual thoughts or perceptions
  • Disorders of movement
  • Difficulty speaking and expressing emotion
  • Problems with attention, memory and organization

No one is sure what causes schizophrenia, but your genetic makeup and brain chemistry probably play a role. Medicines can relieve many of the symptoms, but it can take several tries before you find the right drug. You can reduce relapses by staying on your medicine for as long as your doctor recommends. With treatment, many people improve enough to lead satisfying lives.

NIH: National Institute of Mental Health


MEDLINEPLUS

A group of severe mental disorders in which a person has trouble telling the difference between real and unreal experiences, thinking logically, having normal emotional responses to others, and behaving normally in social situations. Symptoms include seeing, hearing, feeling things that are not there, having false ideas about what is taking place or who one is, nonsense speech, unusual behavior, lack of emotion, and social withdrawal.
NCI

A major psychotic disorder characterized by abnormalities in the perception or expression of reality. It affects the cognitive and psychomotor functions. Common clinical signs and symptoms include delusions, hallucinations, disorganized thinking, and retreat from reality.
NCI

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odívání

A covering designed to be worn on the body.
NCI

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ergotismus

Poisoning caused by ingesting ergotized grain or by the misdirected or excessive use of ergot as a medicine.
MSH

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orbita – fraktury

Fractures of the bones in the orbit, which include parts of the frontal, ethmoidal, lacrimal, and sphenoid bones and the maxilla and zygoma.
MSH

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inventář nemocniční

Materials and equipment in stock; includes drugs in pharmacies, blood in blood banks, etc.
MSH

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scimitar syndrom

An anomalous pulmonary venous return in which the right PULMONARY VEIN is not connected to the LEFT ATRIUM but to the INFERIOR VENA CAVA. Scimitar syndrome is named for the crescent- or Turkish sword-like shadow in the chest radiography and is often associated with hypoplasia of the right lung and right pulmonary artery, and dextroposition of the heart.
MSH

A rare congenital cardiopulmonary defect characterized by abnormal right-sided pulmonary venous drainage and right lung malformations.
NCI

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nemoci kochley

Pathological processes of the snail-like structure (COCHLEA) of the inner ear (LABYRINTH) which can involve its nervous tissue, blood vessels, or fluid (ENDOLYMPH).
MSH

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prekursorové erytroidní buňky

The cells in the erythroid series derived from MYELOID PROGENITOR CELLS or from the bi-potential MEGAKARYOCYTE-ERYTHROID PROGENITOR CELLS which eventually give rise to mature RED BLOOD CELLS. The erythroid progenitor cells develop in two phases: erythroid burst-forming units (BFU-E) followed by erythroid colony-forming units (CFU-E); BFU-E differentiate into CFU-E on stimulation by ERYTHROPOIETIN, and then further differentiate into ERYTHROBLASTS when stimulated by other factors.
MSH

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organoterapie

Historically, the treatment of disease by the administration of animal organs or their extracts (after Brown-Sequard). At present synthetic preparations substitute for the extracts of a gland. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
MSH

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ionty

An atom or group of atoms that have a positive or negative electric charge due to a gain (negative charge) or loss (positive charge) of one or more electrons. Atoms with a positive charge are known as CATIONS; those with a negative charge are ANIONS.
MSH

atom or radical having an electrical charge owing to the loss or gain of one or more electrons; substances that form ions are called electrolytes.
CSP

a charged particle
CHV

An atom or a molecule that has a positive or negative electrical charge. Examples are sodium, potassium, calcium, chloride, and phosphate. These ions help move nutrients into cells, help move waste out of cells, and help nerves, muscles, the heart, and the brain work the way they should.
NCI

An atom or molecule having a positive or negative charge owing to the loss or gain of one or more electrons.
NCI

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mořské sasanky

The order Actiniaria, in the class ANTHOZOA, comprised of large, solitary polyps. All species are carnivorous.
MSH

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koitus

The sexual union of a male and a female, a term used for human only.
MSH

The act of sexual procreation between a man and a woman; the man`s penis is inserted into the woman`s vagina and excited until orgasm and ejaculation occur.
NCI

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ezofágoskopie

Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the esophagus.
MSH

Examination of the esophagus using an esophagoscope. An esophagoscope is a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and a lens for viewing. It may also have a tool to remove tissue to be checked under a microscope for signs of disease.
NCI

Endoscopic examination of the esophagus.
NCI

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virus chřipky B

A negative-strand linear single-strand RNA virus with an 8 segment genome. Virions are enveloped and usually spherical or pleomorphic, 50-120 nm in diameter. Influenza B viruses are usually found only in humans. Unlike influenza A viruses, these viruses are not classified according to subtype.
NCI

Species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS B that cause HUMAN INFLUENZA and other diseases primarily in humans. Antigenic variation is less extensive than in type A viruses (INFLUENZA A VIRUS) and consequently there is no basis for distinct subtypes or variants. Epidemics are less likely than with INFLUENZA A VIRUS and there have been no pandemics. Previously only found in humans, Influenza B virus has been isolated from seals which may constitute the animal reservoir from which humans are exposed.
MSH

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podrážděnost

Abnormal or excessive excitability with easily triggered anger, annoyance, or impatience.
MSH

An abnormal responsiveness or morbid excitability of an organ, its part, or entire organism or its part to stimuli.
NCI

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selenomethionin

Diagnostic aid in pancreas function determination.
MSH

methionine in which selenium replaces the sulfur atom; the radioactive form is used in tests of tissue uptake of methionine.
CSP

A selenium (Se) analogue of methionine in which sulfur is replaced with the trace element selenium. Selenomethionine (SeMet) can incorporate into proteins in place of methionine with no effects on protein structure and function, providing a mechanism for reversible Se storage in organs and tissues. Free selenium is incorporated into selenocysteine, an amino acid found in more than thirty selenoproteins including the glutathione peroxidases (GPx) enzymes, thioredoxin reductase (TR) and the iodothyronine deiodinase enzymes.
NCI

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kolaterální oběh

Maintenance of blood flow to an organ despite obstruction of a principal vessel. Blood flow is maintained through small vessels.
MSH

maintenance of blood flow to an organ despite obstruction of a principal vessel; blood flow is maintained through small vessels.
CSP

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estrus – synchronizace

Occurrence or induction of ESTRUS in all of the females in a group at the same time, applies only to non-primate mammals with ESTROUS CYCLE.
MSH

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osteochondrom

A cartilage-capped benign tumor that often appears as a stalk on the surface of bone. It is probably a developmental malformation rather than a true neoplasm and is usually found in the metaphysis of the distal femur, proximal tibia, or proximal humerus. Osteochondroma is the most common of benign bone tumors.
MSH

A common, benign cartiliginous neoplasm arising from the metaphysis of bone. The tumor grows on the surface of the bone; it may be pedunculated or sessile. It is characterized by the presence of chondrocytes, a cartilage cap, and a fibrous perichondrium that extends to the periosteum of the bone. In some cases, there is deletion of 8q24.1 chromosome locus.
NCI

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izometrické cvičení

An exercise that is performed by exerting force against an immovable object or by holding an object in a static position.
NCI

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Senegal

A republic in western Africa, southwest of MAURITANIA and east of MALI. Its capital is Dakar.
MSH

A country in Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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kolostomie

The surgical construction of an opening between the colon and the surface of the body.
MSH

An opening into the colon from the outside of the body. A colostomy provides a new path for waste material to leave the body after part of the colon has been removed.
NCI

The surgical creation of an opening between the colon and the surface of the body. (MeSH)
NCI

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Etiopie

An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.
MSH

A country in Eastern Africa, west of Somalia. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Eastern Africa, west of Somalia. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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