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počítačová simulace

Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
MSH

the use of computers to perform structural, mathematical or molecular modeling or to simulate real life activities.
CSP

A technique which attempts to provide an abstract model of a particular system. It utilizes a mathematical model, which attempts to predict the behavior of the system from a set of parameters and initial conditions.
NCI

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reserpin

An alkaloid found in the roots of Rauwolfia serpentina and R. vomitoria. Reserpine inhibits the uptake of norepinephrine into storage vesicles resulting in depletion of catecholamines and serotonin from central and peripheral axon terminals. It has been used as an antihypertensive and an antipsychotic as well as a research tool, but its adverse effects limit its clinical use.
MSH

alkaloid isolated from the root of Rauwolfia species, used as an antihypertensive and sedative.
CSP

An alkaloid, derived from the roots of Rauwolfia serpentine and vomitoria, and an adrenergic uptake inhibitor with antihypertensive effects. Reserpine is lipid soluble and can penetrate blood-brain barrier. This agent binds and inhibits catecholamine pump on the storage vesicles in central and peripheral adrenergic neurons, thereby inhibiting the uptake of norepinephrine, dopamine serotonin into presynaptic storage vesicles. This results in catecholamines and serotonin lingering in the cytoplasm where they are destroyed by intraneuronal monoamine oxidase, thereby causing the depletion of catecholamine and serotonin stores in central and peripheral nerve terminals. Depletion results in a lack of active transmitter discharge from nerve endings upon nerve depolarization, and consequently leads to a decreased heart rate and decreased arterial blood pressure as well as sedative effects.
NCI

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inkubátory kojenecké

Electrically powered devices that are intended to assist in the maintenance of the thermal balance of infants, principally by controlling the air temperature and humidity in an enclosure. (from UMDNS, 1999)
MSH

A neonatal incubator is a device consisting of a rigid boxlike enclosure in which an infant may be kept in a controlled environment for medical care. The device may include an AC-powered heater, a fan to circulate the warmed air, a container for water to add humidity, a control valve through which oxygen may be added, and access ports for nursing care.
SPN

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Congress (U.S. Legislature)

The U.S. legislature, consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives. (American Heritage Dictionary)
NCI

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dýchací systém – nádory

new abnormal tissue of the respiratory system that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease; use when broadly discussing the tubular and cavernous organs and structures in which pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange between ambient air and the blood are brought about.
CSP

A benign or malignant, primary or metastatic neoplasm involving the respiratory tract.
NCI

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Indri

Species in the genus Propithecus.
MSH

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spokojenost zákazníků

Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.
MSH

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retina – pigmentový epitel

epithelium in the retina, ciliary body, and iris containing pigment granules.
CSP

The single layer of pigment-containing epithelial cells in the RETINA, situated closely to the tips (outer segments) of the RETINAL PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS. These epithelial cells perform essential functions for the photoreceptor cells, such as in nutrient transport, phagocytosis of the shed photoreceptor membranes, and ensuring retinal attachment.
MSH

A continuous, insulating monolayer of cuboidal/columnar epithelium which extends from the margins of the optic nerve head to the ora serrata where it is continuous with the pigment epithelium of the pars plana. This cell layer has many physical, optical, metabolic/biochemical and transport functions which play a critical role in the normal visual process, including acting as a selective filter to determine what nutrients reach the retina from the choroid.
NCI

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Infekční otitis externa, blíže neurčená

A disorder characterized by an infectious process involving the outer ear and ear canal. Contributory factors include excessive water exposure (swimmer`s ear infection) and cuts in the ear canal. Symptoms include fullness, itching, swelling and marked discomfort in the ear and ear drainage.
NCI

A bacterial infectious process involving the outer ear and ear canal. Contributory factors include excessive water exposure (swimmer`s ear infection) and cuts in the ear canal. Symptoms include fullness, itching, swelling and pain in the ear and ear drainage.
NCI

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kontrolní skupiny

Groups that serve as a standard for comparison in experimental studies. They are similar in relevant characteristics to the experimental group but do not receive the experimental intervention.
MSH

In a clinical trial, the group that does not receive the new treatment being studied. This group is compared to the group that receives the new treatment, to see if the new treatment works.
NCI

A group used as a standard of comparison in a control experiment.
NCI

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Rh Factors

A family of 45 different antigens on the surface of red cells that are controlled by 2 closely linked genes on chromosome 1.
NCI

protein substance present in the red blood cells of most people
CHV

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injekce intraarteriální

Injection, intraarterial


HL7V3.0

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rohovka – nemoci

Diseases of the cornea.
MSH

pathological process affecting the transparent anterior portion of the fibrous coat of the eye.
CSP

Your cornea is the outermost layer of your eye. It is clear and shaped like a dome. The cornea helps to shield the rest of the eye from germs, dust, and other harmful matter. It also helps your eye to focus. If you wear contact lenses, they float on top of your corneas.

Problems with the cornea include

  • Refractive errors
  • Allergies
  • Infections
  • Injuries
  • Dystrophies – conditions in which parts of the cornea lose clarity due to a buildup of cloudy material

Treatments of corneal disorders include medicines, corneal transplantation and corneal laser surgery.

NIH National Eye Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

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Rhizoctonia

A mitosporic Ceratobasidiaceae fungal genus that is an important plant pathogen affecting potatoes and other plants. There are numerous teleomorphs.
MSH

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androsteny

Unsaturated derivatives of the steroid androstane containing at least one double bond at any site in any of the rings.
MSH

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hmyzí hormony

Hormones secreted by insects. They influence their growth and development. Also synthetic substances that act like insect hormones.
MSH

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kortison

A naturally occurring glucocorticoid. It has been used in replacement therapy for adrenal insufficiency and as an anti-inflammatory agent. Cortisone itself is inactive. It is converted in the liver to the active metabolite HYDROCORTISONE. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p726)
MSH

naturally occurring glucocorticoid used in replacement therapy for adrenal insufficiency and as an anti-inflammatory agent; cortisone itself is inactive and is converted in the liver to the active metabolite cortisol.
CSP

A natural steroid hormone produced in the adrenal gland. It can also be made in the laboratory. Cortisone reduces swelling and can suppress immune responses.
NCI

A steroid hormone synthesized and secreted by the adrenal gland and necessary for life. It is involved with maintaining cardiovascular function, blood glucose balance, regulating the inflammatory response and metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates, and fat.
NCI

A corticosteroid with potent glucocorticoid activity. Therapeutic cortisone is the inactive precursor molecule of the active hormone cortisol, which is the hydroxylation product of cortisone by 11-beta-steroid dehydrogenase. Cortisol increases blood pressure and blood sugar levels, and suppresses the immune system, therefore cortisone is used to treat allergies or inflammation.
NCI

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ribosa

A pentose active in biological systems usually in its D-form.
MSH

aldopentose found in riboflavin and ribonucleic acid (RNA) as well as in free ribonucleosides and ribonucleotides.
CSP

A pentose which is an epimer at C-3 (in Fisher projection) of xylose. Structurally, it is a xylose with the OH and H groups interchanged at carbon-3.
NCI

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anestézie inhalační

Anesthesia caused by the breathing of anesthetic gases or vapors or by insufflating anesthetic gases or vapors into the respiratory tract.
MSH

state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation caused by the breathing of anesthetic gases or vapors or by insufflating anesthetic gases or vapors into the respiratory tract.
CSP

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Severní teritorium

Territory in north central Australia, between the states of Queensland and Western Australia. Its capital is Darwin.
MSH

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insulin – rezistence

Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS.
MSH

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Professional counsellor

A provider who is trained and educated in the performance of behavior health services through interpersonal communications and analysis. Training and education at the specialty level usually requires a master`s degree and clinical experience and supervision for licensure or certification. Sources: Abridged from definitions provided by the National Board of Certified Counselors and the American Association of Pastoral Counselors.


HL7V3.0

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Rights

Justified claims that require action or restraint from others, i.e., impose positive or negative duties on others. (from Gillon, Raanan, “Rights,” BMJ: 1985 Jun 22; 290(6485): 1890-1891). Used for the concept of rights in a philosophical sense, often contrasted with MORAL OBLIGATIONS.
MSH

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Angiostrongylus

A genus of parasitic nematodes of the superfamily METASTRONGYLOIDEA. Two species, ANGIOSTRONGYLUS CANTONENSIS and A. vasorum, infest the lungs of rats and dogs, respectively. A. cantonensis is transmissible to man where it causes frequently fatal infection of the central nervous system.
MSH

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atomové reaktory

Devices containing fissionable material in sufficient quantity and so arranged as to be capable of maintaining a controlled, self-sustaining NUCLEAR FISSION chain reaction. They are also known as atomic piles, atomic reactors, fission reactors, and nuclear piles, although such names are deprecated. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

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inteligenční testy

Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.
MSH

standardized tests which measure a wide range of abilities, including verbal, numerical and social competence; includes Stanford-Binet test, Wechsler-Bellevue scale and Wechsler Intelligence scale.
CSP

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kreatinkinasa – forma MM

An isoenzyme of creatine kinase found in the MUSCLE.
MSH

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epidermolysis bullosa

Group of genetically determined disorders characterized by the blistering of skin and mucosae. There are four major forms: acquired, simple, junctional, and dystrophic. Each of the latter three has several varieties.
MSH

inherited chronic noninflammatory skin disease manifested by vesicles, large bullae (blisters), and skin erosions which often result from trauma.
CSP

An autosomal recessive inherited skin disorder caused by mutations in the genes encoding keratins 5 and 14, collagen VII or laminin 5. It is characterized by skin fragility and the formation of blisters. The blisters may become large and ulcerated, resulting in skin infections and loss of body fluids.
NCI

A group of chronic skin disorders in which fluid-filled blisters form on the skin and mucosa (the moist, inner lining of some organs and body cavities). Epidermolysis bullosa is inherited and usually starts at birth. Patients with epidermolysis bullosa may be at increased risk of squamous cell cancer of the skin.
NCI

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RNA heterogenní nukleární

Nuclear nonribosomal RNA larger than about 1000 nucleotides, the mass of which is rapidly synthesized and degraded within the cell nucleus. Some heterogeneous nuclear RNA may be a precursor to mRNA. However, the great bulk of total hnRNA hybridizes with nuclear DNA rather than with mRNA.
MSH

nuclear nonribosomal RNA larger than about 1000 nucleotides, the mass of which is rapidly synthesized and degraded within the cell nucleus; some heterogeneous nuclear RNA may be a precursor to mRNA, however, the great bulk of total hnRNA hybridizes with nuclear DNA rather than with mRNA.
CSP

The name originally given to large RNA molecules found in the nucleus, which are now known to be unedited messenger RNA transcripts, or pre-mRNAs. (BioTech Life Science Dictionary)
NCI

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zvířata divoká

Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
MSH

animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use; prefer indexing specific animal, treed elsewhere, when possible.
CSP

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