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galaktosylceramidasa

An enzyme that hydrolyzes galactose from ceramide monohexosides. Deficiency of this enzyme may cause globoid cell leukodystrophy (LEUKODYSTROPHY, GLOBOID CELL). EC 3.2.1.46.
MSH

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obory chirurgické

Various branches of surgical practice limited to specialized areas.
MSH

The branch of medical science that treats disease or injury by operative procedures.
NCI

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pentoliniumtartrát

A nicotinic antagonist that has been used as a ganglionic blocking agent in hypertension.
MSH

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lymfocytární choriomeningitida

A form of meningitis caused by LYMPHOCYTIC CHORIOMENINGITIS VIRUS. MICE and other rodents serve as the natural hosts, and infection in humans usually occurs through inhalation or ingestion of infectious particles. Clinical manifestations include an influenza-like syndrome followed by stiff neck, alterations of mentation, ATAXIA, and incontinence. Maternal infections may result in fetal malformations and injury, including neonatal HYDROCEPHALUS, aqueductal stenosis, CHORIORETINITIS, and MICROCEPHALY. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp1-3)
MSH

benign viral infection of meninges and central nervous system producing an infiltration of lymphocytes in the choroid plexus.
CSP

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ohledači mrtvol a lékařští vyšetřovatelé

Physicians appointed to investigate all cases of sudden or violent death.
MSH

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gamma-Tubulin

Ubiquitous or widely expressed 51-kDa conserved Gamma-Tubulins (Tubulin Family) constitute a major essential component of microtubule organizing centers such as spindle poles or centrosomes that are likely involved in minus-end nucleation of microtubule assembly. (NCI)
NCI

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srpkovitá anémie

A disease characterized by chronic hemolytic anemia, episodic painful crises, and pathologic involvement of many organs. It is the clinical expression of homozygosity for hemoglobin S.
MSH

disease characterized by chronic hemolytic anemia, episodic painful crises, and pathologic involvement of many organs; the clinical expression of homozygosity for hemoglobin S.
CSP

Sickle cell anemia is a disease in which your body produces abnormally shaped red blood cells. The cells are shaped like a crescent or sickle. They don`t last as long as normal, round red blood cells, which leads to anemia. The sickle cells also get stuck in blood vessels, blocking blood flow. This can cause pain and organ damage.

A genetic problem causes sickle cell anemia. People with the disease are born with two sickle cell genes, one from each parent. If you only have one sickle cell gene, it`s called sickle cell trait. About 1 in 12 African Americans has sickle cell trait. A blood test can show if you have the trait or anemia. Most states test newborn babies as part of their newborn screening programs.


MEDLINEPLUS

An inherited disease in which the red blood cells have an abnormal crescent shape, block small blood vessels, and do not last as long as normal red blood cells. Sickle cell anemia is caused by a mutation (change) in one of the genes for hemoglobin (the substance inside red blood cells that binds to oxygen and carries it from the lungs to the tissues). It is most common in people of West and Central African descent.
NCI

A blood disorder characterized by the appearance of sickle-shaped red blood cells and anemia.
NCI

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řeč ezofageální

A method of speech used after laryngectomy, with sound produced by vibration of the column of air in the esophagus against the contracting cricopharyngeal sphincter. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

Speech produced by trapping air in the esophagus and forcing it out again. It is used after removal of a person`s larynx (voice box).
NCI

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peptidyltransferasy

Acyltransferases that use AMINO ACYL TRNA as the amino acid donor in formation of a peptide bond. There are ribosomal and non-ribosomal peptidyltransferases.
MSH

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lysin-tRNA-ligasa

An enzyme that activates lysine with its specific transfer RNA. EC 6.1.1.6.
MSH

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cosyntropin

A synthetic peptide that is identical to the 24-amino acid segment at the N-terminal of ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE. ACTH (1-24), a segment similar in all species, contains the biological activity that stimulates production of CORTICOSTEROIDS in the ADRENAL CORTEX.
MSH

A synthetically-derived subunit of the endogenous peptide pituitary hormone adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). Consisting of the first 24 amino acids from the amino terminal of ACTH, Cortrosyn is usually prepared for injection and intended for diagnostic and not therapeutic use. Similar to endogenous ACTH, this agent stimulates the adrenal secretion of specific adrenal steroids that can be measured in the plasma. (NCI04)
NCI

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žaludek – vyprazdňování

The evacuation of food from the stomach into the duodenum.
MSH

evacuation of food from the stomach into the duodenum.
CSP

The process in which the liquid and liquid-suspended solid contents of the stomach exit through the pylorus into the duodenum. [GOC:cy, ISBN:9781416032458]
GO

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Angiogenesis Factor

group of agents that induce or stimulate the physiologic angiogenesis process.
CSP

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sférocytóza dědičná

A familial congenital hemolytic anemia characterized by numerous abnormally shaped erythrocytes which are generally spheroidal. The erythrocytes have increased osmotic fragility and are abnormally permeable to sodium ions.
MSH

autosomal dominant trait marked by splenomegaly, jaundice, and fragile, spheroid erythrocytes which are prematurely cleared by the spleen; anemia is usually mild; treatment is splenectomy.
CSP

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perikardektomie

Surgical excision (total or partial) of a portion of the pericardium. Pericardiotomy refers to incision of the pericardium.
MSH

Surgical removal of all or part of the pericardium.
NCI

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magnety

Objects that produce a magnetic field.
MSH

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kraniofaciální dysostóza

Autosomal dominant CRANIOSYNOSTOSIS with shallow ORBITS; EXOPHTHALMOS; and maxillary hypoplasia.
MSH

autosomal dominant disorder characterized by acrocephaly, exophthalmos, hypertelorism, strabismus, parrot-beaked nose, and hypoplastic maxilla with relative mandibular prognathism.
CSP

A syndrome inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern. It is characterized by early fusion of the bones of the skull and face. Patients have a distinctive facial appearance which includes low-set ears, brachycephaly, hypertelorism, exophthalmos, and mandibular prognathism.
NCI

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ventrikulografie radionuklidová rovnovážná

Radionuclide ventriculography where scintigraphic data is acquired during repeated cardiac cycles at specific times in the cycle, using an electrocardiographic synchronizer or gating device. Analysis of right ventricular function is difficult with this technique; that is best evaluated by first-pass ventriculography (VENTRICULOGRAPHY, FIRST-PASS).
MSH

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zvířata – identifikační systémy

Procedures for recognizing individual animals and certain identifiable characteristics pertaining to them; includes computerized methods, ear tags, etc.
MSH

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ganglion spirale

The sensory ganglion of the COCHLEAR NERVE. The cells of the spiral ganglion send fibers peripherally to the cochlear hair cells and centrally to the COCHLEAR NUCLEI of the BRAIN STEM.
MSH

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periferní nervový systém – nádory

Neoplasms which arise from peripheral nerve tissue. This includes NEUROFIBROMAS; SCHWANNOMAS; GRANULAR CELL TUMORS; and malignant peripheral NERVE SHEATH NEOPLASMS. (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp1750-1)
MSH

A benign or malignant neoplasm arising from a peripheral nerve or the perineural sheaths.
NCI

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katar maligní

A herpesvirus infection of cattle characterized by catarrhal inflammation of the upper respiratory and alimentary epithelia, keratoconjunctivitis, encephalitis and lymph node enlargement. Syn: bovine epitheliosis, snotsiekte.
MSH

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kritické období (psychologie)

A specific stage in animal and human development during which certain types of behavior normally are shaped and molded for life.
MSH

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genové produkty rev

Trans-acting nuclear proteins whose functional expression are required for retroviral replication. Specifically, the rev gene products are required for processing and translation of the gag and env mRNAs, and thus rev regulates the expression of the viral structural proteins. rev can also regulate viral regulatory proteins. A cis-acting antirepression sequence (CAR) in env, also known as the rev-responsive element (RRE), is responsive to the rev gene product. rev is short for regulator of virion.
MSH

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Anoplura

An order of insects comprising the sucking lice, which are blood-sucking ectoparasites of mammals. Recognized families include: Echinphthiriidae, Haematopinidae, and Pediculidae. The latter contains the medically important genera affecting humans: PEDICULUS and PHTHIRUS.
MSH

A taxonomic order of wingless insects that are obligate ectoparasites of birds and mammals. Lice attach tightly to hair, fur, and feathers of the host organism and feed on blood, skin, and sebaceous secretions.
NCI

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spondylolistéza

Forward displacement of a superior vertebral body over the vertebral body below.
MSH

forward displacement of one vertebra over another
CHV

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rozvoj osobnosti

Growth of habitual patterns of behavior in childhood and adolescence.
MSH

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mandibula – fraktury

Fractures of the lower jaw.
MSH

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kryptokokóza

infection with a fungus of the species Cryptococcus neoformans.
CSP

An acute or chronic, localized or disseminated infection by Cryptococcus neoformans. Sites of involvement include the lungs, central nervous system and meninges, skin, and visceral organs.–2004
NCI

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geny MHC tř. I

Genetic loci in the vertebrate major histocompatibility complex which encode polymorphic characteristics not related to immune responsiveness or complement activity, e.g., B loci (chicken), DLA (dog), GPLA (guinea pig), H-2 (mouse), RT-1 (rat), HLA-A, -B, and -C class I genes of man.
MSH

Genetic loci in the vertebrate major histocompatibility complex which encode polymorphic characteristics not related to immune responsiveness or complement activity, e.g., B loci (chicken), DLA (dog), GPLA (guinea pig), H-2 (mouse), RT-1 (rat), HLA-A, -B, and -C class I genes of man. Present peptides to CD8+ T cells.
NCI

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