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cholestáza

Impairment of bile flow due to obstruction in small bile ducts (INTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS) or obstruction in large bile ducts (EXTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS).
MSH

intrahepatic impairment of bile flow; usually due to liver cell damage, but may be due to obstruction of intrahepatic bile ducts.
CSP

stoppage or suppression of bile by intrahepatic or extrahepatic causes.
CSP

Impairment of the bile flow caused by obstruction within the liver, or outside the liver in the bile duct system.
NCI

Any condition in which the release of bile from the liver is blocked. The blockage can occur in the liver (intrahepatic cholestasis) or in the bile ducts (extrahepatic cholestasis).
NCI

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atomové reaktory

Devices containing fissionable material in sufficient quantity and so arranged as to be capable of maintaining a controlled, self-sustaining NUCLEAR FISSION chain reaction. They are also known as atomic piles, atomic reactors, fission reactors, and nuclear piles, although such names are deprecated. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

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RNA heterogenní nukleární

Nuclear nonribosomal RNA larger than about 1000 nucleotides, the mass of which is rapidly synthesized and degraded within the cell nucleus. Some heterogeneous nuclear RNA may be a precursor to mRNA. However, the great bulk of total hnRNA hybridizes with nuclear DNA rather than with mRNA.
MSH

nuclear nonribosomal RNA larger than about 1000 nucleotides, the mass of which is rapidly synthesized and degraded within the cell nucleus; some heterogeneous nuclear RNA may be a precursor to mRNA, however, the great bulk of total hnRNA hybridizes with nuclear DNA rather than with mRNA.
CSP

The name originally given to large RNA molecules found in the nucleus, which are now known to be unedited messenger RNA transcripts, or pre-mRNAs. (BioTech Life Science Dictionary)
NCI

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Indri

Species in the genus Propithecus.
MSH

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chondroitinsulfáty

Derivatives of chondroitin which have a sulfate moiety esterified to the galactosamine moiety of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate A, or chondroitin 4-sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate C, or chondroitin 6-sulfate, have the sulfate esterified in the 4- and 6-positions, respectively. Chondroitin sulfate B (beta heparin; DERMATAN SULFATE) is a misnomer and this compound is not a true chondroitin sulfate.
MSH

A form contains glucuronic acid, B and C forms contain L-iduronic acid; all are sulfated on their galactosamine residues, B and C differing by the position of sulfation.
CSP

The major glycosaminoglycan (a type of sugar molecule) in cartilage.
NCI

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porodní asistentky

Professional nurses who have received postgraduate training in midwifery.
MSH

A licensed health care practitioner educated in the two disciplines of nursing and midwifery. CNMs provide primary health care to women of childbearing age including: prenatal care, labor and delivery care, care after birth, gynecological exams, newborn care, assistance with family planning decisions, preconception care, menopausal management and counseling in health maintenance and disease prevention. (American College of Nurse-Midwives)
NCI

A provider educated in the independent management of women`s health and focusing particularly on pregnancy, childbirth, the post partum period, care of the newborn, family planning and gynecological needs of women and primary care of women. Certification requires education at the post secondary level in nursing and midwifery. Source: The American College of Nurse-Midwives, Position Statements, www.midwife.org/prof/defcnm.htm


HL7V3.0

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RNA transferová Thr

A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying threonine to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.
MSH

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Infekční otitis externa, blíže neurčená

A disorder characterized by an infectious process involving the outer ear and ear canal. Contributory factors include excessive water exposure (swimmer`s ear infection) and cuts in the ear canal. Symptoms include fullness, itching, swelling and marked discomfort in the ear and ear drainage.
NCI

A bacterial infectious process involving the outer ear and ear canal. Contributory factors include excessive water exposure (swimmer`s ear infection) and cuts in the ear canal. Symptoms include fullness, itching, swelling and pain in the ear and ear drainage.
NCI

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chromafinní systém

The cells of the body which stain with chromium salts. They occur along the sympathetic nerves, in the adrenal gland, and in various other organs.
MSH

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nutriční vědy

science of food, the nutrients and other substances contained therein, their action, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.
CSP

The taking in and use of food and other nourishing material by the body. Nutrition is a 3-part process. First, food or drink is consumed. Second, the body breaks down the food or drink into nutrients. Third, the nutrients travel through the bloodstream to different parts of the body where they are used as “fuel” and for many other purposes. To give the body proper nutrition, a person has to eat and drink enough of the foods that contain key nutrients.
NCI

The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.
MSH

Food provides the energy and nutrients you need to be healthy. Nutrients include proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals and water.

Learning to eat nutritiously is not hard. The key is to

  • Eat a variety of foods, including vegetables, fruits and whole-grain products
  • Eat lean meats, poultry, fish, beans and low-fat dairy products
  • Drink lots of water
  • Go easy on the salt, sugar, alcohol, saturated fat and trans fat

Saturated fats are usually fats that come from animals. Look for trans fat on the labels of processed foods, margarines and shortenings.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


MEDLINEPLUS

That which is consumed to fuel necessary life processes of an organism.
NCI

The science of food, the nutrients and other substances contained therein, their action, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.
NCI

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rozety – tvorba

The in vitro formation of clusters consisting of a cell (usually a lymphocyte) surrounded by antigenic cells or antigen-bearing particles (usually erythrocytes, which may or may not be coated with antibody or antibody and complement). The rosette-forming cell may be an antibody-forming cell, a memory cell, a T-cell, a cell bearing surface cytophilic antibodies, or a monocyte possessing Fc receptors. Rosette formation can be used to identify specific populations of these cells.
MSH

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injekce intraarteriální

Injection, intraarterial


HL7V3.0

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chromozomální poruchy

clinical conditions caused by an abnormal chromosome constitution in which there is extra or missing chromosome material, either a whole chromosome or a chromosome segment.
CSP

Clinical conditions caused by an abnormal chromosome constitution in which there is extra or missing chromosome material (either a whole chromosome or a chromosome segment). (from Thompson et al., Genetics in Medicine, 5th ed, p429)
MSH

A disorder that results from a chromosomal abnormality.
NCI

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nervus obturatorius

A nerve originating in the lumbar spinal cord (L2 to L4) and traveling through the lumbar plexus to the lower extremity. The obturator nerve provides motor innervation to the adductor muscles of the thigh and cutaneous sensory innervation of the inner thigh.
MSH

A nerve that arises from the second, third, and fourth lumbar nerves and enters the thigh through the obturator canal. It is responsible for the sensory innervation of the skin of the medial aspect of the thigh and also responsible for the motor innervation of the adductor muscles of the lower extremity.
NCI

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rutamycin

A macrolide antibiotic of the oligomycin group, obtained from Streptomyces rutgersensis. It is used in cytochemistry as a tool to inhibit various ATPases and to uncouple oxidative phosphorylation from electron transport and also clinically as an antifungal agent.
MSH

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hmyzí hormony

Hormones secreted by insects. They influence their growth and development. Also synthetic substances that act like insect hormones.
MSH

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chromozómy lidské, pár 4

A specific pair of GROUP B CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.
MSH

The designation for each member of the fourth largest human autosomal chromosome pair. Chromosome 4 spans more than 186 million base pairs and represents between 6 and 6.5% of the total DNA in normal diploid cells.
NCI

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poměr šancí

The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
MSH

A measure of the odds of an event happening in one group compared to the odds of the same event happening in another group. In cancer research, odds ratios are most often used in case-control (backward looking) studies to find out if being exposed to a certain substance or other factor increases the risk of cancer. For example, researchers may study a group of individuals with cancer (cases) and another group without cancer (controls) to see how many people in each group were exposed to a certain substance or factor. They calculate the odds of exposure in both groups and then compare the odds. An odds ratio of one means that both groups had the same odds of exposure and, therefore, the exposure probably does not increase the risk of cancer. An odds ratio of greater than one means that the exposure may increase the risk of cancer, and an odds ratio of less than one means that the exposure may reduce the risk of cancer.
NCI

The ratio of the odds of an event occurring in one group to the odds of it occurring in another group, or to a sample-based estimate of that ratio.
NCI

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salicylate

o-hydroxybenzoate.
CSP

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insulin – rezistence

Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS.
MSH

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chinovník

A genus of rubiaceous South American trees that yields the toxic CINCHONA ALKALOIDS from their bark; QUININE; QUINIDINE; chinconine, cinchonidine and others are used to treat malaria and cardiac arrhythmias.
MSH

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čichové dráhy

Set of nerve fibers conducting impulses from olfactory receptors to the cerebral cortex. It includes the OLFACTORY NERVE; OLFACTORY BULB; olfactory tract, olfactory tubercle, anterior perforated substance, and olfactory cortex. The term rhinencephalon is restricted to structures in the CNS receiving fibers from the olfactory bulb.
MSH

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salpingitida

Inflammation of the uterine salpinx, the trumpet-shaped FALLOPIAN TUBES, usually caused by ascending infections of organisms from the lower reproductive tract. Salpingitis can lead to tubal scarring, hydrosalpinx, tubal occlusion, INFERTILITY, and ectopic pregnancy (PREGNANCY, ECTOPIC)
MSH

inflammation of the fallopian tubes.
CSP

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inteligenční testy

Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.
MSH

standardized tests which measure a wide range of abilities, including verbal, numerical and social competence; includes Stanford-Binet test, Wechsler-Bellevue scale and Wechsler Intelligence scale.
CSP

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Cladosporium

A mitosporic Loculoascomycetes fungal genus including some economically important plant parasites. Teleomorphs include Mycosphaerella and Venturia.
MSH

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viry onkogenní

Viruses that produce tumors.
MSH

viruses that produce tumors; see RTs for specific organisms.
CSP

A virus capable of transforming a cell to a malignant phenotype. (BioTech Life Science Dictionary)
NCI

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epidermolysis bullosa

Group of genetically determined disorders characterized by the blistering of skin and mucosae. There are four major forms: acquired, simple, junctional, and dystrophic. Each of the latter three has several varieties.
MSH

inherited chronic noninflammatory skin disease manifested by vesicles, large bullae (blisters), and skin erosions which often result from trauma.
CSP

An autosomal recessive inherited skin disorder caused by mutations in the genes encoding keratins 5 and 14, collagen VII or laminin 5. It is characterized by skin fragility and the formation of blisters. The blisters may become large and ulcerated, resulting in skin infections and loss of body fluids.
NCI

A group of chronic skin disorders in which fluid-filled blisters form on the skin and mucosa (the moist, inner lining of some organs and body cavities). Epidermolysis bullosa is inherited and usually starts at birth. Patients with epidermolysis bullosa may be at increased risk of squamous cell cancer of the skin.
NCI

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sarin

An organophosphorus ester compound that produces potent and irreversible inhibition of cholinesterase. It is toxic to the nervous system and is a chemical warfare agent.
MSH

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intermitentní explozivní porucha

A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of serious assaultive acts or destruction of property due to a failure to resist aggressive impulses; the degree of aggression during these episodes is grossly out of proportion to any psychosocial provocation. The aggressive episodes are not etiologically linked to another mental disorder, a general medical condition, or substance use.
NCI

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kloacin

A bacteriocin produced by a plasmid that can occur in several bacterial strains. It is a basic protein of molecular weight 56,000 and exists in a complex with its immunity protein which protects the host bacterium from its effects.
MSH

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