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leucin-enkefalin

One of the endogenous pentapeptides with morphine-like activity. It differs from MET-ENKEPHALIN in the LEUCINE at position 5. Its first four amino acid sequence is identical to the tetrapeptide sequence at the N-terminal of BETA-ENDORPHIN.
MSH

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plíce – absces

Solitary or multiple collections of PUS within the lung parenchyma as a result of infection by bacteria, protozoa, or other agents.
MSH

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kapiláry – rezistence

The vascular resistance to the flow of BLOOD through the CAPILLARIES portions of the peripheral vascular bed.
MSH

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GABA

The most common inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system.
MSH

a chemical substance released by nerves in the brain
CHV

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Rh Factors

A family of 45 different antigens on the surface of red cells that are controlled by 2 closely linked genes on chromosome 1.
NCI

protein substance present in the red blood cells of most people
CHV

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enviomycin

Cyclic basic peptide related to VIOMYCIN. It is isolated from an induced mutant of Streptomyces griseoverticillatus var. tuberacticus and acts as an antitubercular agent with less ototoxicity than tuberactinomycin.
MSH

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lymfatické uzliny

They are oval or bean shaped bodies (1 – 30 mm in diameter) located along the lymphatic system.
MSH

any of the accumulations of lymphoid tissue organized as definite lymphoid organs, varying from 1 to 25 mm in diameter situated along the course of lymphatic vessels and consisting of an outer cortical and an inner medullary part; the main source of lymphocytes of the peripheral blood and, as part of the reticuloendothelial system, serves as a defense mechanism by removing noxious agents, such as bacteria and toxins.
CSP

A rounded mass of lymphatic tissue that is surrounded by a capsule of connective tissue. Lymph nodes filter lymph (lymphatic fluid), and they store lymphocytes (white blood cells). They are located along lymphatic vessels.
NCI

A bean-shaped organ surrounded by a connective tissue capsule. It is part of the lymphatic system and is found throughout the body. It is composed predominantly of lymphocytes and its main function is immune protection. (NCI)
NCI

A bean-shaped organ surrounded by a connective tissue capsule. It is part of the lymphatic system and is found throughout the body. It is composed predominantly of lymphocytes and its main function is immune protection.
NCI

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karbofuran

A cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as a systemic insecticide, an acaricide, and nematocide. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

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galium – radioisotopy

Unstable isotopes of gallium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Ga atoms with atomic weights 63-68, 70 and 72-76 are radioactive gallium isotopes.
MSH

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Rhizoctonia

A mitosporic Ceratobasidiaceae fungal genus that is an important plant pathogen affecting potatoes and other plants. There are numerous teleomorphs.
MSH

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lymfomatoidní granulomatóza

An angiocentric and angiodestructive lymphoproliferative disorder primarily involving the lungs. It is caused by an Epstein-Barr virus-induced transformation of the B-cells, in a T-cell rich environment. Clinically and pathologically it resembles EXTRANODAL NK-T-CELL LYMPHOMA.
MSH

Destructive growth of lymph cells, usually involving the lungs, skin, kidneys, and central nervous system. Grades I and II are not considered cancerous, but grade III is considered a lymphoma.
NCI

An angiocentric and angiodestructive lymphoproliferative disease involving extranodal sites, comprised of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive B-cells admixed with reactive T-cells. Incidence is higher among adult males; patients with a history of immunodeficiency are at increased risk. The most common site of involvement is the lung; other common sites include brain, kidney, liver, and skin. Morphologically, three grades are recognized: grade I, II, and III. Grade III lymphomatoid granulomatosis should be approached clinically as a subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
NCI

A neoplastic lymphoproliferative process characterized by an angiocentric arrangement of the tumor cells which is associated with angiodestruction. It includes lymphomatoid granulomatosis which is a lymphoproliferative lesion derived from mature B-lymphocytes and cases of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphomas of nasal type.
NCI

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glucarpidase

A bacterial enzyme that breaks down proteins and other substances, including methotrexate. It is being studied in the treatment of toxic effects caused by methotrexate. It may also help activate certain drugs to kill cancer cells. It is a type of chemoprotective agent and a type of prodrug activator.
NCI

A zinc-dependent enzyme isolated from a strain of the bacterium Pseudomonas. Because glucarpidase rapidly hydrolyzes methotrexate into inactive metabolites, it may be useful as a rescue agent for methotrexate-induced nephrotoxicity. In antibody-directed enzyme prodrug therapy (ADEPT), this agent is conjugated with an antibody that binds to a specific tumor cell type, allowing for glucarpidase-catalyzed activation of a co-administered prodrug at the site of the tumor.
NCI

A zinc-dependent enzyme isolated from a strain of the bacterium Pseudomonas. Because carboxypeptidase-G2 rapidly hydrolyzes methotrexate into inactive metabolites, it may be useful as a rescue agent for methotrexate-induced nephrotoxicity. In antibody-directed enzyme prodrug therapy (ADEPT), this agent is conjugated with an antibody that binds to a specific tumor cell type, allowing for carboxypeptidase-G2-catalyzed activation of a co-administered prodrug at the site of the tumor. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41665&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41665&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C346″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

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gangliová stimulancia

Agents that mimic neural transmission by stimulation of the nicotinic receptors on postganglionic autonomic neurons. Drugs that indirectly augment ganglionic transmission by increasing the release or slowing the breakdown of acetylcholine or by non-nicotinic effects on postganglionic neurons are not included here nor are the nonspecific cholinergic agonists.
MSH

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ribosa

A pentose active in biological systems usually in its D-form.
MSH

aldopentose found in riboflavin and ribonucleic acid (RNA) as well as in free ribonucleosides and ribonucleotides.
CSP

A pentose which is an epimer at C-3 (in Fisher projection) of xylose. Structurally, it is a xylose with the OH and H groups interchanged at carbon-3.
NCI

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Severní teritorium

Territory in north central Australia, between the states of Queensland and Western Australia. Its capital is Darwin.
MSH

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makrofágy – aktivace

The process of altering the morphology and functional activity of macrophages so that they become avidly phagocytic. It is initiated by lymphokines, such as the macrophage activation factor (MAF) and the macrophage migration-inhibitory factor (MMIF), immune complexes, C3b, and various peptides, polysaccharides, and immunologic adjuvants.
MSH

A change in morphology and behavior of a macrophage resulting from exposure to a cytokine, chemokine, cellular ligand, or soluble factor. [GOC:mgi_curators, ISBN:0781735149 “Fundamental Immunology”, PMID:14506301]
GO

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karcinom skirhotický

An adenocarcinoma with a hard (Greek skirrhos, hard) structure owing to the formation of dense connective tissue in the stroma. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

An infiltrating adenocarcinoma characterized by the presence of desmoplastic stromal reaction.
NCI

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gastritida hypertrofická

GASTRITIS with HYPERTROPHY of the GASTRIC MUCOSA. It is characterized by giant gastric folds, diminished acid secretion, excessive MUCUS secretion, and HYPOPROTEINEMIA. Symptoms include VOMITING; DIARRHEA; and WEIGHT LOSS.
MSH

Gastritis characterized by hypertrophy of the gastric mucosa with creation of giant gastric folds. It is associated with hypoalbuminemia due to albumin loss from the stomach. Signs and symptoms include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, edema, and weight loss.
NCI

A condition marked by inflammation and ulcers (breaks on the skin or on the surface of an organ) of the mucosa (inner lining) of the stomach and by overgrowth of the cells that make up the mucosa. Symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea, and weight loss. Patients with giant hypertrophic gastritis may be at a higher risk of stomach cancer.
NCI

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Rights

Justified claims that require action or restraint from others, i.e., impose positive or negative duties on others. (from Gillon, Raanan, “Rights,” BMJ: 1985 Jun 22; 290(6485): 1890-1891). Used for the concept of rights in a philosophical sense, often contrasted with MORAL OBLIGATIONS.
MSH

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atomové reaktory

Devices containing fissionable material in sufficient quantity and so arranged as to be capable of maintaining a controlled, self-sustaining NUCLEAR FISSION chain reaction. They are also known as atomic piles, atomic reactors, fission reactors, and nuclear piles, although such names are deprecated. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

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hlavní histokompatibilní komplex

The genetic region which contains the loci of genes which determine the structure of the serologically defined (SD) and lymphocyte-defined (LD) TRANSPLANTATION ANTIGENS, genes which control the structure of the IMMUNE RESPONSE-ASSOCIATED ANTIGENS, HUMAN; the IMMUNE RESPONSE GENES which control the ability of an animal to respond immunologically to antigenic stimuli, and genes which determine the structure and/or level of the first four components of complement.
MSH

genetic region found in all mammals whose products are primarily reponsible for the rapid rejection of grafts between individuals and which signal between lymphocytes and cells expressing antigen; H-2 in mouse and HLA in humans.
CSP

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karfecilin

The phenyl ester of CARBENICILLIN that, upon oral administration, is broken down in the intestinal mucosa to the active antibacterial. It is used for urinary tract infections.
MSH

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role pohlaví

behavioral patterns expected from individuals by their social group believed to be typical of their sex; certain behavior patterns are culturally influenced, such as ascendance submissiveness, or occupational choices; sex role is often called psychosexual role.
CSP

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RNA heterogenní nukleární

Nuclear nonribosomal RNA larger than about 1000 nucleotides, the mass of which is rapidly synthesized and degraded within the cell nucleus. Some heterogeneous nuclear RNA may be a precursor to mRNA. However, the great bulk of total hnRNA hybridizes with nuclear DNA rather than with mRNA.
MSH

nuclear nonribosomal RNA larger than about 1000 nucleotides, the mass of which is rapidly synthesized and degraded within the cell nucleus; some heterogeneous nuclear RNA may be a precursor to mRNA, however, the great bulk of total hnRNA hybridizes with nuclear DNA rather than with mRNA.
CSP

The name originally given to large RNA molecules found in the nucleus, which are now known to be unedited messenger RNA transcripts, or pre-mRNAs. (BioTech Life Science Dictionary)
NCI

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porodní asistentky

Professional nurses who have received postgraduate training in midwifery.
MSH

A licensed health care practitioner educated in the two disciplines of nursing and midwifery. CNMs provide primary health care to women of childbearing age including: prenatal care, labor and delivery care, care after birth, gynecological exams, newborn care, assistance with family planning decisions, preconception care, menopausal management and counseling in health maintenance and disease prevention. (American College of Nurse-Midwives)
NCI

A provider educated in the independent management of women`s health and focusing particularly on pregnancy, childbirth, the post partum period, care of the newborn, family planning and gynecological needs of women and primary care of women. Certification requires education at the post secondary level in nursing and midwifery. Source: The American College of Nurse-Midwives, Position Statements, www.midwife.org/prof/defcnm.htm


HL7V3.0

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zanedbání povinné péče

Failure of a professional person, a physician or lawyer, to render proper services through reprehensible ignorance or negligence or through criminal intent, especially when injury or loss follows. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
MSH

improper or unethical treatment done to a patient by a health care personnel
CHV

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chrupavka

A non-vascular form of connective tissue composed of CHONDROCYTES embedded in a matrix that includes CHONDROITIN SULFATE and various types of FIBRILLAR COLLAGEN. There are three major types: HYALINE CARTILAGE; FIBROCARTILAGE; and ELASTIC CARTILAGE.
MSH

nonvascular form of connective tissue composed of chondrocytes embedded in a matrix of type II collagen and chondroitin sulfate; divided into three types: hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage, and yellow or elastic white fibrocartilage.
CSP

A tough, flexible tissue that lines joints and gives structure to the nose, ears, larynx, and other parts of the body.
NCI

Regular connective tissue, which consists of chondrocytes and related cells, the intercellular matrix of which is chondrified. Examples: hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage, elastic cartilage.
FMA

A type of connective tissue composed of chondrocytes and an extracellular matrix, composed of collagen, elastin, and ground substance. There are three types of cartilage; namely elastic, hyaline, and fibrocartilage.
NCI

A tough, elastic, fibrous connective tissue found in various parts of the body, such as the joints, outer ear, and larynx.
CHV

Regular connective tissue, which consists of chondrocytes and related cells, the intercellular matrix of which is chondrified. Examples: hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage, elastic cartilage.
UWDA

A type of connective tissue composed of chondrocytes and an extracellular matrix, composed of collagen, elastin, and ground substance. There are three types of cartilage; namely elastic, hyaline, and fibrocartilage.
NCI

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péče o pacienta

The services rendered by members of the health profession and non-professionals under their supervision for the benefit of the patient. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p269)
MSH

services rendered by members of the health profession (or under their supervision) for the benefit of the patient.
CSP

Definition:To obtain records as part of patient care.


HL7V3.0

The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
NCI

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RNA transferová Thr

A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying threonine to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.
MSH

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nutriční vědy

science of food, the nutrients and other substances contained therein, their action, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.
CSP

The taking in and use of food and other nourishing material by the body. Nutrition is a 3-part process. First, food or drink is consumed. Second, the body breaks down the food or drink into nutrients. Third, the nutrients travel through the bloodstream to different parts of the body where they are used as “fuel” and for many other purposes. To give the body proper nutrition, a person has to eat and drink enough of the foods that contain key nutrients.
NCI

The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.
MSH

Food provides the energy and nutrients you need to be healthy. Nutrients include proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals and water.

Learning to eat nutritiously is not hard. The key is to

  • Eat a variety of foods, including vegetables, fruits and whole-grain products
  • Eat lean meats, poultry, fish, beans and low-fat dairy products
  • Drink lots of water
  • Go easy on the salt, sugar, alcohol, saturated fat and trans fat

Saturated fats are usually fats that come from animals. Look for trans fat on the labels of processed foods, margarines and shortenings.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


MEDLINEPLUS

That which is consumed to fuel necessary life processes of an organism.
NCI

The science of food, the nutrients and other substances contained therein, their action, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.
NCI

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