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radioaktivita

The spontaneous transformation of a nuclide into one or more different nuclides, accompanied by either the emission of particles from the nucleus, nuclear capture or ejection of orbital electrons, or fission. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
MSH

Giving off radiation.
NCI

The quality of emitting or the emission of corpuscular or electromagnetic radiations consequent to nuclear disintegration, a natural property of all chemical elements of atomic number above 83 and possible of induction in all other known elements.
NCI

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virus encefalitidy Murray Valley

A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE), found in Australia and New Guinea. It causes a fulminating viremia resembling Japanese encephalitis (ENCEPHALITIS, JAPANESE).
MSH

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hexetidin

A bactericidal and fungicidal antiseptic. It is used as a 0.1% mouthwash for local infections and oral hygiene. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p797)
MSH

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elektřina

The physical effects involving the presence of electric charges at rest and in motion.
MSH

A physical phenomenon associated with stationary or moving electrons and protons; energy made available by the flow of electric charge through a conductor.
NCI

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aletrin

Synthetic analogs of the naturally occurring insecticides cinerin, jasmolin, and pyrethrin. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

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Brunnerovy žlázy

The abundant submucosal mucous glands in the DUODENUM. These glands secrete BICARBONATE IONS; GLYCOPROTEINS; and PEPSINOGEN II.
MSH

Small, flat, granular glands embedded in the submucous areolar tissue of the duodenum. (MeSH)
NCI

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radioisotopová ventrikulografie

Imaging of a ventricle of the heart after the injection of a radioactive contrast medium. The technique is less invasive than cardiac catheterization and is used to assess ventricular function.
MSH

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yperit

Severe irritant and vesicant of skin, eyes, and lungs. It may cause blindness and lethal lung edema and was formerly used as a war gas. The substance has been proposed as a cytostatic and for treatment of psoriasis. It has been listed as a known carcinogen in the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP-85-002, 1985) (Merck, 11th ed).
MSH

A pale yellow, oily, highly toxic, volatile, liquid alkylating compound with a sweet to garlic-like odor that evaporates to a poisonous gas. Mustard gas is a vesicant that was first used in chemical warfare in World War I, but is now only used in small amounts in research studies involving alkylating agents. Exposure to this substance is corrosive to the eyes, skin and lungs and leads to blindness and blistering of the skin and can cause severe and sometimes fatal respiratory damage. Mustard gas is a mutagen and is a known carcinogen that is associated with an increased risk of developing lung and other respiratory tract cancers. (NCI05)
NCI

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kyčelní kloub

A ball-and-socket joint between the head of the femur and the acetabulum. (NCI)
NCI

A ball-and-socket joint between the head of the femur and the acetabulum.
NCI

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elektroforéza v acetátové celulóze

Electrophoresis in which cellulose acetate is the diffusion medium.
MSH

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elektroencefalografie – alfa rytmus

Brain waves characterized by a relatively high voltage or amplitude and a frequency of 8-13 Hz. They constitute the majority of waves recorded by EEG registering the activity of the parietal and occipital lobes when the individual is awake, but relaxed with the eyes closed.
MSH

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Bunyaviridae – infekce

Virus diseases caused by the BUNYAVIRIDAE.
MSH

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racionalizace

A defense mechanism operating unconsciously, in which the individual attempts to justify or make consciously tolerable, by plausible means, feelings, behavior, and motives that would otherwise be intolerable.
MSH

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Mycoplasmatales – infekce

Infections with bacteria of the order MYCOPLASMATALES.
MSH

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histokompatibilita – antigeny třídy I

Membrane glycoproteins consisting of an alpha subunit and a BETA 2-MICROGLOBULIN beta subunit. In humans, highly polymorphic genes on CHROMOSOME 6 encode the alpha subunits of class I antigens and play an important role in determining the serological specificity of the surface antigen. Class I antigens are found on most nucleated cells and are generally detected by their reactivity with alloantisera. These antigens are recognized during GRAFT REJECTION and restrict cell-mediated lysis of virus-infected cells.
MSH

large transmembrane, polymorphic glycoproteins noncovalently associated with nonpolymorphic beta 2-microglobulin; in humans, three structural genes on chromosome 6 code for the HLA-A, HLA-B and HLA-C antigens, and in mice three genes on chromosome 17 code for the H-2 antigens; class I antigens are found on most nucleated cells, are recognized during graft rejection, restrict cell-mediated lysis of virus infected cells, and are associated with rheumatologic diseases and certain malignant disorders.
CSP

Found on virtually every cell, MHC (Major Histocompatibility, HLA) Class-I (Antigens) Proteins consist of noncovalently bound polymorphic 44-kDa MHC membrane glycoprotein and nonpolymorphic 12-kDa b2-microglobulin. The HLA antigens are encoded by closely linked multiallelic genes of the HLA (MHC) complex, a region containing several genetic loci (HLA-A, -B, -C, -DP, -DQ, -DR, -MB, -MT, and -Te).
NCI

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embolie vzduchová

Blocking of a blood vessel by air bubbles that enter the circulatory system, usually after TRAUMA; surgical procedures, or changes in atmospheric pressure.
MSH

embolism due to air bubbles entering the blood vessels after trauma, surgical procedures, or changes in atmospheric pressure.
CSP

The presence of bubbles of gas in the vascular system; occurrence is related to the entry of air into the venous circulation following trauma or surgery.
NCI

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resorpce alveolární kosti

Resorption or wasting of the tooth-supporting bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS) in the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE.
MSH

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hydroxyanisol butylovaný

Mixture of 2- and 3-tert-butyl-4-methoxyphenols that is used as an antioxidant in foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals.
MSH

A white, waxy solid mixture of 2- and 3-Tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole with a faint aromatic odor. Butylated Hydroxyanisole is a widely used synthetic antioxidant in foods, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals mainly to preserve fats and oils. Butylated Hydroxyanisole is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05)
NCI

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Rec A rekombinasy

A family of recombinases initially identified in BACTERIA. They catalyze the ATP-driven exchange of DNA strands in GENETIC RECOMBINATION. The product of the reaction consists of a duplex and a displaced single-stranded loop, which has the shape of the letter D and is therefore called a D-loop structure.
MSH

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myoepiteliální nádor

A usually benign tumor made up predominantly of myoepithelial cells.
MSH

A benign or malignant epithelial neoplasm characterized by the presence of cells that show myoepithelial differentiation. Based on its morphologic features, it is classified as benign or malignant. A representative example of benign myoepithelioma is benign salivary gland myoepithelioma. Representative examples of malignant myoepithelioma or myoepithelial carcinoma are malignant breast myoepithelioma and salivary gland myoepithelial carcinoma.
NCI

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HIV-1

The type species of LENTIVIRUS and the etiologic agent of AIDS. It is characterized by its cytopathic effect and affinity for the T4-lymphocyte.
MSH

type species of Lentivirus and the etiologic agent of AIDS; characterized by its cytopathic effect and affinity for the T4 lymphocyte.
CSP

The type species of lentivirus and the etiologic agent of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). It is characterized by its cytopathic effect and affinity for the T4-lymphocyte. (from MeSH)
NCI

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zaměstnanci – stížnosti

Formal procedures whereby the employee expresses any dissatisfaction or feeling of injustice regarding the work situation.
MSH

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Amerika

The general name for NORTH AMERICA; CENTRAL AMERICA; and SOUTH AMERICA unspecified or combined.
MSH

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kalcifediol

The major circulating metabolite of VITAMIN D3. It is produced in the LIVER and is the best indicator of the body`s vitamin D stores. It is effective in the treatment of RICKETS and OSTEOMALACIA, both in azotemic and non-azotemic patients. Calcifediol also has mineralizing properties.
MSH

metabolic intermediate between cholecalciferol and 1,25- dihydroxycholecalciferol, with partial activity of latter.
CSP

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receptory histaminu

Cell-surface proteins that bind histamine and trigger intracellular changes influencing the behavior of cells. Histamine receptors are widespread in the central nervous system and in peripheral tissues. Three types have been recognized and designated H1, H2, and H3. They differ in pharmacology, distribution, and mode of action.
MSH

H1 receptors mediate smooth muscle contraction and are blocked by classic antihistamines; H2 mediate gastric acidification and certain smooth muscle functions and are blocked by cimetidine, burimamide, and related compounds.
CSP

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Myxobacterales

order of rod shaped, gram negative fruiting gliding bacteria found in soil, water and humus.
CSP

An order of rod-shaped, gram-negative fruiting gliding bacteria found in SOIL; WATER; and HUMUS.
MSH

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záliby

Leisure activities engaged in for pleasure.
MSH

An area of interest or recreational activity that someone pursues outside their occupational duties.
NCI

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encefalomyelitida

A general term indicating inflammation of the BRAIN and SPINAL CORD, often used to indicate an infectious process, but also applicable to a variety of autoimmune and toxic-metabolic conditions. There is significant overlap regarding the usage of this term and ENCEPHALITIS in the literature.
MSH

inflammation of the brain and spinal cord, often used to indicate an infectious process, but also applicable to a variety of autoimmune and toxic-metabolic conditions.
CSP

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aminokyseliny esenciální

Amino acids that are not synthesized by the human body in amounts sufficient to carry out physiological functions. They are obtained from dietary foodstuffs.
MSH

nine alpha amino acids required for protein synthesis that are not synthesized by the human body in amounts sufficient to carry out physiological functions; must be obtained from the diet.
CSP

Amino acid which is not efficiently synthesized by humans and must be included in the diet.
NCI

Refer to those amino acids that can not be synthesized in the body and can only be obtained through food supply.
NCI

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kaménky

An abnormal concretion occurring mostly in the urinary and biliary tracts, usually composed of mineral salts. Also called stones.
MSH

Accumulated material from the secretions of an organ. It is solid and representative examples include gallbladder stones, kidney stones, and salivary gland stones. (NCI)
NCI

Accumulated material from the secretions of an organ. It is solid and representative examples include gallbladder stones, kidney stones, and salivary gland stones.
NCI

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