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elektřina

The physical effects involving the presence of electric charges at rest and in motion.
MSH

A physical phenomenon associated with stationary or moving electrons and protons; energy made available by the flow of electric charge through a conductor.
NCI

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glosektomie

Partial or total surgical excision of the tongue. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

Surgery involving partial or complete excision of the tongue.
NCI

Surgical removal of all or part of the tongue.
NCI

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otolaryngologie

A surgical specialty concerned with the study and treatment of disorders of the ear, nose, and throat.
MSH

A medical specialty concerned with the study and treatment of disorders of the ear, nose, and throat.
NCI

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Brunnerovy žlázy

The abundant submucosal mucous glands in the DUODENUM. These glands secrete BICARBONATE IONS; GLYCOPROTEINS; and PEPSINOGEN II.
MSH

Small, flat, granular glands embedded in the submucous areolar tissue of the duodenum. (MeSH)
NCI

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lékařská počítačová informatika

Precise procedural mathematical and logical operations utilized in the study of medical information pertaining to health care.
MSH

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sérotypizace

distinguishing microorganisms by the kinds and combinations of constituent antigens present in the cell.
CSP

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elektroforéza v acetátové celulóze

Electrophoresis in which cellulose acetate is the diffusion medium.
MSH

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glukosinoláty

Substituted thioglucosides. They are found in rapeseed (Brassica campestris) products and related cruciferae. They are metabolized to a variety of toxic products which are most likely the cause of hepatocytic necrosis in animals and humans.
MSH

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vlastnictví

The legal relation between an entity (individual, group, corporation, or-profit, secular, government) and an object. The object may be corporeal, such as equipment, or completely a creature of law, such as a patent; it may be movable, such as an animal, or immovable, such as a building.
MSH

The legal relation in which a person or group entity has a financial interest in, dominion of, or control over an object or property.
NCI

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Bunyaviridae – infekce

Virus diseases caused by the BUNYAVIRIDAE.
MSH

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meduloblastom

A malignant neoplasm that may be classified either as a glioma or as a primitive neuroectodermal tumor of childhood (see NEUROECTODERMAL TUMOR, PRIMITIVE). The tumor occurs most frequently in the first decade of life with the most typical location being the cerebellar vermis. Histologic features include a high degree of cellularity, frequent mitotic figures, and a tendency for the cells to organize into sheets or form rosettes. Medulloblastoma have a high propensity to spread throughout the craniospinal intradural axis. (From DeVita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp2060-1)
MSH

malignant cerebellar neoplasm composed of undifferentiated neuroepithelial cells that may be classified either as a glioma or as a primitive neuroectodermal tumor of childhood; tumor occurs most frequently in the first decade of life with the most typical location being the cerebellar vermis.
CSP

A malignant brain tumor that begins in the lower part of the brain and that can spread to the spine or to other parts of the body. Medulloblastomas are a type of primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET).
NCI

A malignant, invasive embryonal neoplasm arising from the cerebellum. It occurs predominantly in children and has the tendency to metastasize via the cerebrospinal fluid pathways. Signs and symptoms include truncal ataxia, disturbed gait, lethargy, headache, and vomiting. There are four histologic variants: anaplastic medulloblastoma, desmoplastic/nodular medulloblastoma, large cell medulloblastoma, and medulloblastoma with extensive nodularity.
NCI

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určování pohlaví – analýza

Validation of the SEX of an individual by inspection of the GONADS and/or by genetic tests.
MSH

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embolie vzduchová

Blocking of a blood vessel by air bubbles that enter the circulatory system, usually after TRAUMA; surgical procedures, or changes in atmospheric pressure.
MSH

embolism due to air bubbles entering the blood vessels after trauma, surgical procedures, or changes in atmospheric pressure.
CSP

The presence of bubbles of gas in the vascular system; occurrence is related to the entry of air into the venous circulation following trauma or surgery.
NCI

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nitroglycerin

A volatile vasodilator which relieves ANGINA PECTORIS by stimulating GUANYLATE CYCLASE and lowering cytosolic calcium. It is also sometimes used for TOCOLYSIS and explosives.
MSH

volatile vasodilator which relieves angina pectoris by stimulating guanylate cyclase and lowering cytosolic calcium; an explosive compound rendered safe when compounded in tablets with mannitol.
CSP

In medicine, a substance used as a drug to treat certain heart conditions and to widen the openings in blood vessels. Nitroglycerin is being studied as a way to help chemotherapy work better by making tumor cells more sensitive to the drugs. It is a type of vasodilator.
NCI

An organic nitrate with vasodilator activity. Nitroglycerin is converted into nitric oxide (NO) in smooth muscle and activates guanylyl cyclase, thereby increasing cGMP concentration, and resulting in smooth muscle relaxation. Dilatation of the veins results in decreased venous return to the heart, thereby decreasing left ventricular volume (reduced preload) and decreasing myocardial oxygen requirements. Arteriolar relaxation reduces arteriolar resistance (reduced afterload), thereby decreasing myocardial oxygen demands. In addition, nitroglycerine causes coronary artery dilatation, thereby improving myocardial blood distribution.
NCI

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kyslík – radioisotopy

Unstable isotopes of oxygen that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. O atoms with atomic weights 13, 14, 15, 19, and 20 are radioactive oxygen isotopes.
MSH

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hydroxyanisol butylovaný

Mixture of 2- and 3-tert-butyl-4-methoxyphenols that is used as an antioxidant in foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals.
MSH

A white, waxy solid mixture of 2- and 3-Tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole with a faint aromatic odor. Butylated Hydroxyanisole is a widely used synthetic antioxidant in foods, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals mainly to preserve fats and oils. Butylated Hydroxyanisole is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05)
NCI

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Melkerssonův-Rosenthalův syndrom

An idiopathic syndrome characterized by one or more of the following; recurrent orofacial swelling, relapsing facial paralysis, and fissured tongue (lingua plicata). The onset is usually in childhood and relapses are common. Cheilitis granulomatosa is a monosymptomatic variant of this condition. (Dermatol Clin 1996 Apr;14(2):371-9; Magalini & Magalini, Dictionary of Medical Syndromes, 4th ed, p531)
MSH

A rare syndrome characterized by recurrent facial nerve paralysis, edema of the lips and face, and furrowed tongue.
NCI

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Shigella boydii

One of the SHIGELLA species that produces bacillary dysentery (DYSENTERY, BACILLARY).
MSH

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram negative, rod shaped bacteria in the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is nonmotile, non spore forming, catalase positive, oxidase negative and has mixed indole reactivity. S. boydii is found only on the Indian subcontinent and is pathogenic, being a causative agent of shigellosis in primates.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Shigella boydii.
NCI

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zaměstnanci – stížnosti

Formal procedures whereby the employee expresses any dissatisfaction or feeling of injustice regarding the work situation.
MSH

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glykoproteiny

Conjugated protein-carbohydrate compounds including mucins, mucoid, and amyloid glycoproteins.
MSH

ubiquitous family of proteins with covalently attached oligosaccharide side chains which impart unique properties of solubility, size, antigenicity, ligand affinity, cellular targetting, and stability.
CSP

A protein that has sugar molecules attached to it.
NCI

A conjugated protein having a carbohydrate component.
NCI

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kardiostimulátor

A device designed to stimulate, by electric impulses, contraction of the heart muscles. It may be temporary (external) or permanent (internal or internal-external).
MSH

An electronic device that is implanted in the body to monitor heart rate and rhythm. It gives the heart electrical stimulation when it does not beat normally. It runs on batteries and has long, thin wires that connect it to the heart.
NCI

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kalcifediol

The major circulating metabolite of VITAMIN D3. It is produced in the LIVER and is the best indicator of the body`s vitamin D stores. It is effective in the treatment of RICKETS and OSTEOMALACIA, both in azotemic and non-azotemic patients. Calcifediol also has mineralizing properties.
MSH

metabolic intermediate between cholecalciferol and 1,25- dihydroxycholecalciferol, with partial activity of latter.
CSP

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meningitida hemofilová

BACTERIAL INFECTIONS of the nervous system caused by HAEMOPHILUS organisms, and marked by prominent inflammation of the meninges. HAEMOPHILUS INFLUENZAE TYPE B is the most common causative organism. The condition primarily affects children under 6 years of age but may occur in adults. Clinical manifestations include fever; nuchal rigidity; PHOTOPHOBIA; SEIZURES; HEARING LOSS, SENSORINEURAL; COMA; and cerebrovascular thrombosis. The organism tends to enter the central nervous system following infections of adjacent structures, including the middle ear (see also OTITIS MEDIA), sinuses, and pharynx. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp396-7)
MSH

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sialorea

Increased salivary flow.
MSH

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encefalomyelitida

A general term indicating inflammation of the BRAIN and SPINAL CORD, often used to indicate an infectious process, but also applicable to a variety of autoimmune and toxic-metabolic conditions. There is significant overlap regarding the usage of this term and ENCEPHALITIS in the literature.
MSH

inflammation of the brain and spinal cord, often used to indicate an infectious process, but also applicable to a variety of autoimmune and toxic-metabolic conditions.
CSP

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Golgiho aparát

A stack of flattened vesicles that functions in posttranslational processing and sorting of proteins, receiving them from the rough ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM and directing them to secretory vesicles, LYSOSOMES, or the CELL MEMBRANE. The movement of proteins takes place by transfer vesicles that bud off from the rough endoplasmic reticulum or Golgi apparatus and fuse with the Golgi, lysosomes or cell membrane. (From Glick, Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1990)
MSH

stack of flattened intracellular vesicles that functions in posttranslational processing and sorting of proteins, receiving them from the rough endoplasmic reticulum and directing them to secretory vesicles, lysosomes or the cell membrane; the movement of proteins takes place by transfer vesicles that bud off from the rough endoplasmic reticulum or Golgi apparatus.
CSP

A compound membranous cytoplasmic organelle of eukaryotic cells, consisting of flattened, ribosome-free vesicles arranged in a more or less regular stack. The Golgi apparatus differs from the endoplasmic reticulum in often having slightly thicker membranes, appearing in sections as a characteristic shallow semicircle so that the convex side (cis or entry face) abuts the endoplasmic reticulum, secretory vesicles emerging from the concave side (trans or exit face). In vertebrate cells there is usually one such organelle, while in invertebrates and plants, where they are known usually as dictyosomes, there may be several scattered in the cytoplasm. The Golgi apparatus processes proteins produced on the ribosomes of the rough endoplasmic reticulum; such processing includes modification of the core oligosaccharides of glycoproteins, and the sorting and packaging of proteins for transport to a variety of cellular locations. Three different regions of the Golgi are now recognized both in terms of structure and function: cis, in the vicinity of the cis face, trans, in the vicinity of the trans face, and medial, lying between the cis and trans regions. [ISBN:0198506732 “Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”]
GO

A stack of flattened vesicles located between the nucleus and the secretory pole or surface of a cell. Functions in posttranslational processing and sorting of proteins, receiving them from the rough endoplasmic reticulum and directing them to secretory vesicles, lysosomes, or the cell membrane. The movement of proteins takes place by transfer vesicles that bud off from the rough endoplasmic reticulum or golgi apparatus and fuse with the golgi, lysosomes or cell membrane.
NCI

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kyseliny palmitové

A group of 16-carbon fatty acids that contain no double bonds.
MSH

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kaménky

An abnormal concretion occurring mostly in the urinary and biliary tracts, usually composed of mineral salts. Also called stones.
MSH

Accumulated material from the secretions of an organ. It is solid and representative examples include gallbladder stones, kidney stones, and salivary gland stones. (NCI)
NCI

Accumulated material from the secretions of an organ. It is solid and representative examples include gallbladder stones, kidney stones, and salivary gland stones.
NCI

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mefenytoin

An anticonvulsant effective in tonic-clonic epilepsy (EPILEPSY, TONIC-CLONIC). It may cause blood dyscrasias.
MSH

A heterocyclic organic compound with anticonvulsant property. Although the mechanism of action is not well established, mephenytoin potentially promotes sodium efflux from neurons in motor cortex, and stabilizes the threshold against hyperexcitability caused by excessive stimulation. Thus this agent reduces the membrane sodium gradient and prevents cortical seizure signal spreading. It may cause blood dyscrasias, therefore, this agent was only used after other less toxic anticonvulsants had failed.
NCI

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Bombyx

A genus of silkworm MOTHS in the family Bombycidae of the order LEPIDOPTERA. The family contains a single species, Bombyx mori from the Greek for silkworm + mulberry tree (on which it feeds). A native of Asia, it is sometimes reared in this country. It has long been raised for its SILK and after centuries of domestication it probably does not exist in nature. It is used extensively in experimental GENETICS. (From Borror et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p519)
MSH

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