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micely

Particles consisting of aggregates of molecules held loosely together by secondary bonds. The surface of micelles are usually comprised of amphiphatic compounds that are oriented in a way that minimizes the energy of interaction between the micelle and its environment. Liquids that contain large numbers of suspended micelles are referred to as EMULSIONS.
MSH

aggregate of lipids in which the polar head groups face outward and the hydrophobic tails face inward.
CSP

A tiny particle made of substances that are soluble in water and that come together to form a ball-like shape. These particles can carry other substances inside them. In medicine, micelles are made in the laboratory and are used to carry drugs to body tissues and cells.
NCI

A multimolecular colloid particle, usually formed by amphipathic molecules in solution with the polar group toward the solution and the hydrophobic group toward the interior.
NCI

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antilopy

Any of various ruminant mammals of the order Bovidae. They include numerous species in Africa and the American pronghorn.
MSH

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zdravotnická zařízení – plánování

Areawide planning for health care institutions on the basis of projected consumer need.
MSH

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Rh Factors

A family of 45 different antigens on the surface of red cells that are controlled by 2 closely linked genes on chromosome 1.
NCI

protein substance present in the red blood cells of most people
CHV

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Culex

A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) commonly found in tropical regions. Species of this genus are vectors for ST. LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS as well as many other diseases of man and domestic and wild animals.
MSH

genus of mosquitoes commonly found in tropical regions; are vectors for many diseases including St. Louis encephalitis.
CSP

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mikroporézní filtry

A membrane or barrier with micrometer sized pores used for separation purification processes.
MSH

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antibióza

A natural association between organisms that is detrimental to at least one of them. This often refers to the production of chemicals by one microorganism that is harmful to another.
MSH

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agentury pro zdravotnické systémy

Health planning and resources development agencies which function in each health service area of the United States (PL 93-641).
MSH

a department of government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to health and health services.
CSP

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Rhizoctonia

A mitosporic Ceratobasidiaceae fungal genus that is an important plant pathogen affecting potatoes and other plants. There are numerous teleomorphs.
MSH

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cyklazocin

An analgesic with mixed narcotic agonist-antagonist properties.
MSH

analgesic with mixed narcotic agonist-antagonist properties.
CSP

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midodrin

An ethanolamine derivative that is an adrenergic alpha-1 agonist. It is used as a vasoconstrictor agent in the treatment of HYPOTENSION.
MSH

A direct-acting prodrug and sympathomimetic agent with antihypotensive properties. Midodrine is converted to its active metabolite, desglymidodrine by deglycination reaction. Desglymidodrine selectively binds to and activates alpha-1-adrenergic receptors of the arteriolar and venous vasculature. This causes smooth muscle contraction and leads to an elevation of blood pressure. Desglymidodrine diffuses poorly across the blood-brain barrier, and is therefore not associated with effects on the central nervous system (CNS).
NCI

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antikonvulzíva

Drugs used to prevent SEIZURES or reduce their severity.
MSH

agent used to prevent seizures or reduce their severity.
CSP

Medicine to stop, prevent, or control seizures (convulsions).
NCI

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srdeční frekvence fetální

The heart rate of the FETUS. The normal range at term is between 120 and 160 beats per minute.
MSH

The number of fetal cardiac beats per minute.
NCI

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ribosa

A pentose active in biological systems usually in its D-form.
MSH

aldopentose found in riboflavin and ribonucleic acid (RNA) as well as in free ribonucleosides and ribonucleotides.
CSP

A pentose which is an epimer at C-3 (in Fisher projection) of xylose. Structurally, it is a xylose with the OH and H groups interchanged at carbon-3.
NCI

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Cypriniformes

An order of fish with 26 families and over 3,000 species. This order includes the families CYPRINIDAE (minnows and CARPS), Cobitidae (loaches), and Catostomidae (suckers).
MSH

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Severní teritorium

Territory in north central Australia, between the states of Queensland and Western Australia. Its capital is Darwin.
MSH

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Minocycline Hydrochloride

The hydrochloride salt of minocycline, a broad spectrum long-acting derivative of the antibiotic tetracycline, with antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activities. Minocycline binds to the bacterial 30S ribosomal subunit and interferes with the binding of tRNA to the ribosomal complex, thereby inhibiting protein translation in bacteria. In addition, minocycline inhibits the inflammatory enzyme 5-lipoxygenase (5LOX) and may impede T cell-microglia interactions; both activities may contribute to minocycline`s neuroprotective effects. 5LOX catalyzes the synthesis of inflammatory mediators such as prostaglandins and leukotrienes.
NCI

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antigeny T-independentní

Antigens which may directly stimulate B lymphocytes without the cooperation of T lymphocytes.
MSH

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Hela buňky

first continuously cultured human malignant cell line, derived from a cervical carcinoma; used for virus cultivation and antitumor drug screening assays.
CSP

The first continuously cultured human malignant CELL LINE, derived from the cervical carcinoma of Henrietta Lacks. These cells are used for VIRUS CULTIVATION and antitumor drug screening assays.
MSH

HeLa cells were developed from cervix adenocarcinoma of a 31-year-old Black female. The cells are positive for keratin by immunoperoxidase staining. HeLa cells have been reported to contain human papilloma virus 18 (HPV-18) sequences. P53 expression was reported to be low, and normal levels of pRB (retinoblastoma suppressor) were found. Four typical HeLa marker chromosomes have been reported. M1 is a rearranged long arm and centromere of chromosome 1 and the long arm of chromosome 3. M2 is a combination of short arm of chromosome 3 and long arm of chromosome 5. M3 is an isochromosome of the short arm of chromosome 5. M4 consists of the long arm of chromosome 11 and an arm of chromosome 19. HeLa Marker Chromosomes: One copy of Ml, one copy of M2, four-five copies of M3, and two copies of M4 as revealed by G-banding patterns.
NCI

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Rights

Justified claims that require action or restraint from others, i.e., impose positive or negative duties on others. (from Gillon, Raanan, “Rights,” BMJ: 1985 Jun 22; 290(6485): 1890-1891). Used for the concept of rights in a philosophical sense, often contrasted with MORAL OBLIGATIONS.
MSH

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cystinurie

An inherited disorder due to defective reabsorption of CYSTINE and other BASIC AMINO ACIDS by the PROXIMAL RENAL TUBULES. This form of aminoaciduria is characterized by the abnormally high urinary levels of cystine; LYSINE; ARGININE; and ORNITHINE. Mutations involve the amino acid transport protein gene SLC3A1.
MSH

inherited abnormality of renal tubular transport of dibasic amino acids leading to massive urinary excretion of cystine, lysine, arginine, and ornithine.
CSP

An autosomal recessive inherited metabolic disorder caused by mutations in the SLC3A1 and SLC7A9 genes. It is characterized by deficient re-absorption of cystine in the proximal tubules of the kidney. It results in the formation of stones in the kidney, ureter, and urinary bladder.
NCI

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atomové reaktory

Devices containing fissionable material in sufficient quantity and so arranged as to be capable of maintaining a controlled, self-sustaining NUCLEAR FISSION chain reaction. They are also known as atomic piles, atomic reactors, fission reactors, and nuclear piles, although such names are deprecated. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

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mitóza

A type of CELL NUCLEUS division by means of which the two daughter nuclei normally receive identical complements of the number of CHROMOSOMES of the somatic cells of the species.
MSH

A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through M phase, the part of the cell cycle comprising nuclear division. [GOC:dph, GOC:mah, ISBN:0815316194]
GO

A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell divides; the process involves condensation of chromosomal DNA into a highly compacted form. Canonically, mitosis produces two daughter nuclei whose chromosome complement is identical to that of the mother cell. [GOC:dph, GOC:ma, GOC:mah, ISBN:0198547684]
GO

The last cell cycle stage during which the replicated daughter chromosomes separate in to separate nuclei; cytokinesis then occurs to produce separate daughter cells. It is divided into Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, and Telophase.
NCI

The process by which a single parent cell divides to make two new daughter cells. Each daughter cell receives a complete set of chromosomes from the parent cell. This process allows the body to grow and replace cells.
NCI

The usual process of somatic reproduction of cells consisting of a sequence of modifications of the nucleus that result in the formation of two daughter cells with exactly the same chromosome and DNA content as that of the original cell. It is the process by which the body grows and replaces cells and is divided into four phases. In Prophase, paired chromosomes form, nuclear membrane disappears, the achromatic spindle appears, and polar bodies form. In Metaphase, chromosomes are arranged in the equatorial plane of the central spindle to form the monaster and chromosomes separate into exactly similar halves. In Anaphase, the two groups of daughter chromosomes separate and move along the fibers of the central spindle, each toward one of the asters, forming the diaster. In Telophase, the daughter chromosomes resolve themselves into a reticulum, the daughter nuclei are formed, and the cytoplasm divides forming two complete daughter cells.
NCI

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antipyrin

An analgesic and antipyretic that has been given by mouth and as ear drops. Antipyrine is often used in testing the effects of other drugs or diseases on drug-metabolizing enzymes in the liver. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p29)
MSH

family of N-phenylpyrazolones with nonnarcotic analgesic properties.
CSP

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hematochezie

The passage of bright red blood from the rectum. The blood may or may not be mixed with formed stool in the form of blood, blood clots, bloody stool or diarrhea.
MSH

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RNA heterogenní nukleární

Nuclear nonribosomal RNA larger than about 1000 nucleotides, the mass of which is rapidly synthesized and degraded within the cell nucleus. Some heterogeneous nuclear RNA may be a precursor to mRNA. However, the great bulk of total hnRNA hybridizes with nuclear DNA rather than with mRNA.
MSH

nuclear nonribosomal RNA larger than about 1000 nucleotides, the mass of which is rapidly synthesized and degraded within the cell nucleus; some heterogeneous nuclear RNA may be a precursor to mRNA, however, the great bulk of total hnRNA hybridizes with nuclear DNA rather than with mRNA.
CSP

The name originally given to large RNA molecules found in the nucleus, which are now known to be unedited messenger RNA transcripts, or pre-mRNAs. (BioTech Life Science Dictionary)
NCI

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cytogenetika

A subdiscipline of genetics which deals with the cytological and molecular analysis of the CHROMOSOMES, and location of the GENES on chromosomes, and the movements of chromosomes during the CELL CYCLE.
MSH

subdiscipline of genetics which deals with the cytological and molecular analysis of the chromosomes, and location of the genes on chromosomes, and the movements of chromosomes during the cell cycle.
CSP

The study of the structure, function, and abnormalities of human chromosomes.
NCI

The branch of biology that studies the cellular aspects of heredity, especially the chromosomes. Includes the study of disease states caused by numerical and structural chromosome abnormalities.
NCI

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porodní asistentky

Professional nurses who have received postgraduate training in midwifery.
MSH

A licensed health care practitioner educated in the two disciplines of nursing and midwifery. CNMs provide primary health care to women of childbearing age including: prenatal care, labor and delivery care, care after birth, gynecological exams, newborn care, assistance with family planning decisions, preconception care, menopausal management and counseling in health maintenance and disease prevention. (American College of Nurse-Midwives)
NCI

A provider educated in the independent management of women`s health and focusing particularly on pregnancy, childbirth, the post partum period, care of the newborn, family planning and gynecological needs of women and primary care of women. Certification requires education at the post secondary level in nursing and midwifery. Source: The American College of Nurse-Midwives, Position Statements, www.midwife.org/prof/defcnm.htm


HL7V3.0

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Moldavsko

A country in Eastern Europe, northeast of Romania. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Eastern Europe, northeast of Romania. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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syndromy aortálního oblouku

Conditions resulting from abnormalities in the arteries branching from the ASCENDING AORTA, the curved portion of the aorta. These syndromes are results of occlusion or abnormal blood flow to the head-neck or arm region leading to neurological defects and weakness in an arm. These syndromes are associated with vascular malformations; ATHEROSCLEROSIS; TRAUMA; and blood clots.
MSH

A syndrome resulting from structural defects of the arteries that arise from the aortic arch. Signs and symptoms include weakness, dizziness, arm numbness, blurred vision and transient ischemic attacks.
NCI

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