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pepsinogen C

This is one of the 2 related pepsinogen systems in humans. It is found in prostate and seminal fluid whereas PEPSINOGEN A is not.
MSH

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chlorzoxazon

A centrally acting central muscle relaxant with sedative properties. It is claimed to inhibit muscle spasm by exerting an effect primarily at the level of the spinal cord and subcortical areas of the brain. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoea, 30th ed, p1202)
MSH

A benzoxazolone derivative with mild sedative and centrally-acting muscle relaxant activities. Although its exact mechanism of action is unknown, chlorzoxazone (CZ) appears to act at the spinal cord and subcortical levels of the brain to inhibit multisynaptic reflex arcs involved in producing and maintaining muscle spasms. This agent is extensively hydroxylated by cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) to 6-hydroxychlorzoxazone (HCZ),11,12 which is subsequently glucuronidated and eliminated renally. Highly selective for CYP2E1, CZ may be used as a selective probe for phenotyping CYP2E1 in humans; the ratio of HCZ-to-CZ plasma concentrations obtained 2 to 4 hours after oral administration of CZ may be used as a phenotypic measure of CYP2E1 enzymatic activity.
NCI

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nádory podle histologického typu

A collective term for the various histological types of NEOPLASMS. It is more likely to be used by searchers than by indexers and catalogers.
MSH

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funiculus spermaticus

Either of a pair of tubular structures formed by DUCTUS DEFERENS; ARTERIES; VEINS; LYMPHATIC VESSELS; and nerves. The spermatic cord extends from the deep inguinal ring through the INGUINAL CANAL to the TESTIS in the SCROTUM.
MSH

A cord-like structure in the male reproductive system that contains nerves, blood and lymph vessels, and the vas deferens (a coiled tube that carries sperm out of the testicle). It runs from the abdomen to the testicle, and connects to the testicle in the scrotum (external sac).
NCI

A tube-like structure composed of the vas deferens and surrounding tissue layers, that runs from the abdomen to each of the testicles.
NCI

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kyselina chlorovodíková

A strong corrosive acid that is commonly used as a laboratory reagent. It is formed by dissolving hydrogen chloride in water. GASTRIC ACID is the hydrochloric acid component of GASTRIC JUICE.
MSH

aqueous solutions of hydrogen chloride; a highly corrosive strong mineral acid, used as a laboratory reagent and also secreted by the gastric parietal cells.
CSP

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percepční maskování

The interference of one perceptual stimulus with another causing a decrease or lessening in perceptual effectiveness.
MSH

interference of one perceptual stimulus with another causing a decrease or lessening in perceptual effectiveness; frequently associated with visual and auditory perception.
CSP

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cholestáza

Impairment of bile flow due to obstruction in small bile ducts (INTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS) or obstruction in large bile ducts (EXTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS).
MSH

intrahepatic impairment of bile flow; usually due to liver cell damage, but may be due to obstruction of intrahepatic bile ducts.
CSP

stoppage or suppression of bile by intrahepatic or extrahepatic causes.
CSP

Impairment of the bile flow caused by obstruction within the liver, or outside the liver in the bile duct system.
NCI

Any condition in which the release of bile from the liver is blocked. The blockage can occur in the liver (intrahepatic cholestasis) or in the bile ducts (extrahepatic cholestasis).
NCI

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nefrony

The functional units of the kidney, consisting of the glomerulus and the attached tubule.
MSH

The functional units of the kidney, consisting of the glomerulus and the attached tubule. (MeSH)
NCI

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spina bifida cystica

A form of spinal dysraphism associated with a protruding cyst made up of either meninges (i.e., a MENINGOCELE) or meninges in combination with spinal cord tissue (i.e., a MENINGOMYELOCELE). These lesions are frequently associated with spinal cord dysfunction, HYDROCEPHALUS, and SYRINGOMYELIA. (From Davis et al., Textbook of Neuropathology, 2nd ed, pp224-5)
MSH

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hydroxybutyráty

Salts and esters of hydroxybutyric acid.
MSH

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kyselina jodistá-Schiffova reakce

A histochemical technique for staining carbohydrates. It is based on PERIODIC ACID oxidation of a substance containing adjacent hydroxyl groups. The resulting aldehydes react with Schiff reagent to form a colored product.
MSH

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chondroitinsulfáty

Derivatives of chondroitin which have a sulfate moiety esterified to the galactosamine moiety of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate A, or chondroitin 4-sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate C, or chondroitin 6-sulfate, have the sulfate esterified in the 4- and 6-positions, respectively. Chondroitin sulfate B (beta heparin; DERMATAN SULFATE) is a misnomer and this compound is not a true chondroitin sulfate.
MSH

A form contains glucuronic acid, B and C forms contain L-iduronic acid; all are sulfated on their galactosamine residues, B and C differing by the position of sulfation.
CSP

The major glycosaminoglycan (a type of sugar molecule) in cartilage.
NCI

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nervové analyzátory

A term used in Eastern European research literature for the functional neural unit that provides the basis for differential sensitivity; the analyzer consists of receptor, afferent nerves, and their central connections. (From Campbell`s Psychiatric Dictionary, 8th ed.)
MSH

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spirometrie

measurement of volume of air inhaled or exhaled by the lung.
CSP

Measurement of the breathing capacity of the lung by means of a spirometer.
NCI

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Hylobates

A genus of the family HYLOBATIDAE consisting of six species. The members of this genus inhabit rain forests in southeast Asia. They are arboreal and differ from other anthropoids in the great length of their arms and very slender bodies and limbs. Their major means of locomotion is by swinging from branch to branch by their arms. Hylobates means dweller in the trees. Some authors refer to Symphalangus and Nomascus as Hylobates. The six genera include: H. concolor (crested or black gibbon), H. hoolock (Hoolock gibbon), H. klossii (Kloss`s gibbon; dwarf siamang), H. lar (common gibbon), H. pileatus (pileated gibbon), and H. syndactylus (siamang). H. lar is also known as H. agilis (lar gibbon), H. moloch (agile gibbon), and H. muelleri (silvery gibbon).
MSH

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laparoskopie

A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.
MSH

examination of abdominal interior with a laparoscope.
CSP

A procedure that uses a laparoscope, inserted through the abdominal wall, to examine the inside of the abdomen. A laparoscope is a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and a lens for viewing. It may also have a tool to remove tissue to be checked under a microscope for signs of disease.
NCI

Laparoscopic examination of the abdominal cavity and its contents.
NCI

Endoscopic examination of peritoneum.
NCI

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chromafinní systém

The cells of the body which stain with chromium salts. They occur along the sympathetic nerves, in the adrenal gland, and in various other organs.
MSH

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neurologické vyšetření

The assessment of the functionality of the brain, spinal column, and nerves.
NCI

A series of questions and tests to check brain, spinal cord, and nerve function. The exam checks a person`s mental status, coordination, ability to walk, and how well the muscles, sensory systems, and deep tendon reflexes work.
NCI

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manželský partner – zneužití

Deliberate severe and repeated injury to one domestic partner by the other.
MSH

repeated deliberate injury inflicted by one spouse on the other.
CSP

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hypernatriémie

Excessive amount of sodium in the blood. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

excessive amount of sodium in the blood.
CSP

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přesvědčovací komunikace

A mode of communication concerned with inducing or urging the adoption of certain beliefs, theories, or lines of action by others.
MSH

influenced to undertake a course of action or embrace a point of view by means of argument, reasoning, or entreaty.
CSP

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chromozomální poruchy

clinical conditions caused by an abnormal chromosome constitution in which there is extra or missing chromosome material, either a whole chromosome or a chromosome segment.
CSP

Clinical conditions caused by an abnormal chromosome constitution in which there is extra or missing chromosome material (either a whole chromosome or a chromosome segment). (from Thompson et al., Genetics in Medicine, 5th ed, p429)
MSH

A disorder that results from a chromosomal abnormality.
NCI

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Neurospora

genus of ascomycetous fungi, comprising bread molds; capable of converting tryptophan to nicotinic acid; used extensively in genetic and enzyme research.
CSP

A genus of ascomycetous fungi, family Sordariaceae, order SORDARIALES, comprising bread molds. They are capable of converting tryptophan to nicotinic acid and are used extensively in genetic and enzyme research. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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Staphylococcus aureus

potentially pathogenic bacteria found in nasal membranes, skin, hair follicles, and perineum of warm blooded animals; may cause a wide range of infections and intoxications.
CSP

Potentially pathogenic bacteria found in nasal membranes, skin, hair follicles, and perineum of warm-blooded animals. They may cause a wide range of infections and intoxications.
MSH

A common bacterial species found especially on nasal mucous membrane and skin (hair follicles); bacterial species that produces exotoxins including those that cause toxic shock syndrome, with resulting skin rash, and renal, hepatic, and central nervous system disease, and an enterotoxin associated with food poisoning; it causes furunculosis, cellulitis, pyemia, pneumonia, osteomyelitis, endocarditis, suppuration of wounds, other infections; also a cause of infection in burn patients; humans are the chief reservoir.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Staphylococcus aureus.
NCI

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hypertriglyceridémie

A condition of elevated levels of TRIGLYCERIDES in the blood.
MSH

condition of elevated triglyceride concentration in the blood; an inherited form occurs in familial hyperlipoproteinemia IIb and hyperlipoproteinemia type IV; linked to higher risk of heart disease and arteriosclerosis.
CSP

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pomocní farmaceutičtí pracovníci

Persons who perform certain functions under the supervision of the pharmacist.
MSH

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chromozómy lidské, pár 4

A specific pair of GROUP B CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.
MSH

The designation for each member of the fourth largest human autosomal chromosome pair. Chromosome 4 spans more than 186 million base pairs and represents between 6 and 6.5% of the total DNA in normal diploid cells.
NCI

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noviny

Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster`s 3d ed)
MSH

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stereotypizace

An oversimplified perception or conception especially of persons, social groups, etc.
MSH

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hypofosfatémie familiární

An inherited condition of abnormally low serum levels of PHOSPHATES (below 1 mg/liter) which can occur in a number of genetic diseases with defective reabsorption of inorganic phosphorus by the PROXIMAL RENAL TUBULES. This leads to phosphaturia, HYPOPHOSPHATEMIA, and disturbances of cellular and organ functions such as those in X-LINKED HYPOPHOSPHATEMIC RICKETS; OSTEOMALACIA; and FANCONI SYNDROME.
MSH

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