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hydroxybutyráty

Salts and esters of hydroxybutyric acid.
MSH

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termodiluce

Measurement of blood flow based on induction at one point of the circulation of a known change in the intravascular heat content of flowing blood and detection of the resultant change in temperature at a point downstream.
MSH

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karfecilin

The phenyl ester of CARBENICILLIN that, upon oral administration, is broken down in the intestinal mucosa to the active antibacterial. It is used for urinary tract infections.
MSH

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povidon

A polyvinyl polymer of variable molecular weight; used as suspending and dispersing agent and vehicle for pharmaceuticals; also used as blood volume expander.
MSH

synthetic polymer principally consisting of linear 1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone groups; used as a dispersing and suspending agent and in pharmaceutical preparations.
CSP

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nervové analyzátory

A term used in Eastern European research literature for the functional neural unit that provides the basis for differential sensitivity; the analyzer consists of receptor, afferent nerves, and their central connections. (From Campbell`s Psychiatric Dictionary, 8th ed.)
MSH

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Hylobates

A genus of the family HYLOBATIDAE consisting of six species. The members of this genus inhabit rain forests in southeast Asia. They are arboreal and differ from other anthropoids in the great length of their arms and very slender bodies and limbs. Their major means of locomotion is by swinging from branch to branch by their arms. Hylobates means dweller in the trees. Some authors refer to Symphalangus and Nomascus as Hylobates. The six genera include: H. concolor (crested or black gibbon), H. hoolock (Hoolock gibbon), H. klossii (Kloss`s gibbon; dwarf siamang), H. lar (common gibbon), H. pileatus (pileated gibbon), and H. syndactylus (siamang). H. lar is also known as H. agilis (lar gibbon), H. moloch (agile gibbon), and H. muelleri (silvery gibbon).
MSH

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hubenost

A state of insufficient flesh on the body usually defined as having a body weight less than skeletal and physical standards. Depending on age, sex, and genetic background, a BODY MASS INDEX of less than 18.5 is considered as underweight.
MSH

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chrupavka

A non-vascular form of connective tissue composed of CHONDROCYTES embedded in a matrix that includes CHONDROITIN SULFATE and various types of FIBRILLAR COLLAGEN. There are three major types: HYALINE CARTILAGE; FIBROCARTILAGE; and ELASTIC CARTILAGE.
MSH

nonvascular form of connective tissue composed of chondrocytes embedded in a matrix of type II collagen and chondroitin sulfate; divided into three types: hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage, and yellow or elastic white fibrocartilage.
CSP

A tough, flexible tissue that lines joints and gives structure to the nose, ears, larynx, and other parts of the body.
NCI

Regular connective tissue, which consists of chondrocytes and related cells, the intercellular matrix of which is chondrified. Examples: hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage, elastic cartilage.
FMA

A type of connective tissue composed of chondrocytes and an extracellular matrix, composed of collagen, elastin, and ground substance. There are three types of cartilage; namely elastic, hyaline, and fibrocartilage.
NCI

A tough, elastic, fibrous connective tissue found in various parts of the body, such as the joints, outer ear, and larynx.
CHV

Regular connective tissue, which consists of chondrocytes and related cells, the intercellular matrix of which is chondrified. Examples: hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage, elastic cartilage.
UWDA

A type of connective tissue composed of chondrocytes and an extracellular matrix, composed of collagen, elastin, and ground substance. There are three types of cartilage; namely elastic, hyaline, and fibrocartilage.
NCI

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prednisolon

A glucocorticoid with the general properties of the corticosteroids. It is the drug of choice for all conditions in which routine systemic corticosteroid therapy is indicated, except adrenal deficiency states.
MSH

synthetic glucocorticoid with the general properties of the corticosteroids.
CSP

A drug that lessens inflammation and suppresses the body`s immune response. It may also kill cancer cells. Prednisolone is used to treat disorders in many organ systems and to treat the symptoms of several types of leukemia and lymphoma. It is also being studied in the treatment of other types of cancer. Prednisolone is a type of therapeutic glucocorticoid.
NCI

A synthetic glucocorticoid with anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating properties. After cell surface receptor attachment and cell entry, prednisolone enters the nucleus where it binds to and activates specific nuclear receptors, resulting in an altered gene expression and inhibition of proinflammatory cytokine production. This agent also decreases the number of circulating lymphocytes, induces cell differentiation, and stimulates apoptosis in sensitive tumor cells populations. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=43296&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=43296&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C769″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A synthetic glucocorticoid with anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating properties. After cell surface receptor attachment and cell entry, prednisolone enters the nucleus where it binds to and activates specific nuclear receptors, resulting in an altered gene expression and inhibition of proinflammatory cytokine production. This agent also decreases the number of circulating lymphocytes, induces cell differentiation, and stimulates apoptosis in sensitive tumor cells populations. (NCI04)
NCI

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neurologické vyšetření

The assessment of the functionality of the brain, spinal column, and nerves.
NCI

A series of questions and tests to check brain, spinal cord, and nerve function. The exam checks a person`s mental status, coordination, ability to walk, and how well the muscles, sensory systems, and deep tendon reflexes work.
NCI

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hypernatriémie

Excessive amount of sodium in the blood. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

excessive amount of sodium in the blood.
CSP

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thioxantheny

Compounds with three aromatic rings in linear arrangement with a SULFUR in the center ring.
MSH

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sumci

Common name of the order Siluriformes. This order contains many families and over 2,000 species, including venomous species. Heteropneustes and Plotosus genera have dangerous stings and are aggressive. Most species are passive stingers.
MSH

snout contains 1-4 pairs barbels, small eyes, flattened head, adipose fin; streamlined body shape, either without scales or is covered by heavy, bony plates.
CSP

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těhotenství – specifické beta-1-glykoproteiny

Glycoproteins with the electrophoretic mobility of BETA-GLOBULINS, secreted by the placental TROPHOBLASTS into the maternal bloodstream during PREGNANCY. They can be detected 18 days after OVULATION and reach 200 mg/ml at the end of pregnancy. They are associated with fetal well-being.
MSH

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Neurospora

genus of ascomycetous fungi, comprising bread molds; capable of converting tryptophan to nicotinic acid; used extensively in genetic and enzyme research.
CSP

A genus of ascomycetous fungi, family Sordariaceae, order SORDARIALES, comprising bread molds. They are capable of converting tryptophan to nicotinic acid and are used extensively in genetic and enzyme research. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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hypertriglyceridémie

A condition of elevated levels of TRIGLYCERIDES in the blood.
MSH

condition of elevated triglyceride concentration in the blood; an inherited form occurs in familial hyperlipoproteinemia IIb and hyperlipoproteinemia type IV; linked to higher risk of heart disease and arteriosclerosis.
CSP

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thrombopoetin

A humoral factor that stimulates the production of thrombocytes (BLOOD PLATELETS). Thrombopoietin stimulates the proliferation of bone marrow MEGAKARYOCYTES and their release of blood platelets. The process is called THROMBOPOIESIS.
MSH

A substance made by the body that helps make blood cells, especially platelets. A form of TPO made in the laboratory is called recombinant human TPO and rHu TPO. TPO is being studied as a way to increase the number of platelets in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy.
NCI

a kind of hormone
CHV

Thrombopoietin is a lineage-restricted, glycoprotein growth factor ligand for the MPL receptor with selective action on megakaryopoiesis and platelet production. THPO has little direct effect on erythroid progenitor cells but may enhance erythropoiesis indirectly by preventing early erythroid progenitor cells from undergoing apoptotic cell death. (from OMIM 600044 and NCI)
NCI

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proteinkinasa CDC28, S cerevisiae

A protein kinase encoded by the Saccharomyces cerevisiae CDC28 gene and required for progression from the G1 PHASE to the S PHASE in the CELL CYCLE.
MSH

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předepisování léků

Directions written for the obtaining and use of DRUGS.
MSH

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noviny

Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster`s 3d ed)
MSH

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hypofosfatémie familiární

An inherited condition of abnormally low serum levels of PHOSPHATES (below 1 mg/liter) which can occur in a number of genetic diseases with defective reabsorption of inorganic phosphorus by the PROXIMAL RENAL TUBULES. This leads to phosphaturia, HYPOPHOSPHATEMIA, and disturbances of cellular and organ functions such as those in X-LINKED HYPOPHOSPHATEMIC RICKETS; OSTEOMALACIA; and FANCONI SYNDROME.
MSH

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2,6-dichlorindofenol

A dye used as a reagent in the determination of vitamin C.
MSH

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buňky – agregace

The phenomenon by which dissociated cells intermixed in vitro tend to group themselves with cells of their own type.
MSH

phenomenon by which dissociated cells intermixed in vitro tend to group themselves with cells of their own type; also in vivo massing of cells.
CSP

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pro-opiomelanokortin

A 30-kDa protein synthesized primarily in the ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND and the HYPOTHALAMUS. It is also found in the skin and other peripheral tissues. Depending on species and tissues, POMC is cleaved by PROHORMONE CONVERTASES yielding various active peptides including ACTH; BETA-LIPOTROPIN; ENDORPHINS; MELANOCYTE-STIMULATING HORMONES; and others (GAMMA-LPH; CORTICOTROPIN-LIKE INTERMEDIATE LOBE PEPTIDE; N-terminal peptide of POMC or NPP).
MSH

precursor polypeptide from which ACTH, MSH, and beta-lipotropin are produced by posttranslational cleavage.
CSP

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nimorazol

An antitrichomonal agent which is effective either topically or orally and whose urinary metabolites are also trichomonicidal.
MSH

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Disociační fuga

subtype of hysterical neurosis; the current classification is dissociative disorders; sudden temporary alterations in the normally integrative functions of consciousness.
CSP

A disorder characterized by sudden, unexpected travel away from one`s home or place of work accompanied by an inability to recall one`s past; the individual is confused about his or her personal identity and may assume a new identity.
NCI

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kyselina 4-aminobenzoová

A member of the VITAMIN B COMPLEX. It used to be common in SUNSCREENING AGENTS until found to also be a sensitizer. The potassium salt is used therapeutically in fibrotic skin disorders.
MSH

An organic acid with UV absorption and antifibrotic properties. When exposed to light, aminobenzoic acid (para-aminobenzoic acid or PABA) absorbs UV light and emits excess energy via a photochemical reaction that may cause damage to DNA. Because DNA defects contribute to skin cancer, aminobenzoic acid is no longer widely used in sunscreen formulations. Aminobenzoic acid may also increase oxygen uptake at the tissue level and may enhance monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity to promote the degradation of serotonin, which in excess, may lead to fibrotic changes.
NCI

A nutrient in the vitamin B complex that the body needs in small amounts to function and stay healthy. Bacteria that live in the intestines need para-aminobenzoic acid to survive. Para-aminobenzoic acid is found in grains and foods from animals. It is being studied as a radiosensitizer (a substance that makes tumor cells more sensitive to radiation therapy) and in the treatment of certain skin disorders.
NCI

A nutrient in the vitamin B complex that the body needs in small amounts to function and stay healthy. Bacteria that live in the intestines need aminobenzoic acid to survive. Aminobenzoic acid is found in grains and foods from animals. It is being studied as a radiosensitizer (a substance that makes tumor cells more sensitive to radiation therapy) and in the treatment of certain skin disorders.
NCI

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celobiosa

A disaccharide consisting of two glucose units in beta (1-4) glycosidic linkage. Obtained from the partial hydrolysis of cellulose.
MSH

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proestrus

A phase of the ESTROUS CYCLE that precedes ESTRUS. During proestrus, the Graafian follicles undergo maturation.
MSH

The estrous cycle phase in which there is heightened follicular activity. [GOC:dph, ISBN:0721662544 “Dorland`s Illustrated Medical Dictionary”]
GO

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oxid dusičitý

Nitrogen oxide (NO2). A highly poisonous gas. Exposure produces inflammation of lungs that may only cause slight pain or pass unnoticed, but resulting edema several days later may cause death. (From Merck, 11th ed) It is a major atmospheric pollutant that is able to absorb UV light that does not reach the earth`s surface.
MSH

Found in the atmosphere as a key ingredient in photochemical formation of smog and acid rain, Nitrogen Dioxide is a poisonous gas that forms during combustion. Toxic at high concentrations, it reacts with moisture in the air to form nitric acid, highly corrosive and hazardous to plants and animals. (NCI04)
NCI

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