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parenterální výživa úplná

The delivery of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient whose sole source of nutrients is via solutions administered intravenously, subcutaneously, or by some other non-alimentary route. The basic components of TPN solutions are protein hydrolysates or free amino acid mixtures, monosaccharides, and electrolytes. Components are selected for their ability to reverse catabolism, promote anabolism, and build structural proteins.
MSH

A form of nutrition that is delivered into a vein. Total parenteral nutrition does not use the digestive system. It may be given to people who are unable to absorb nutrients through the intestinal tract because of vomiting that won`t stop, severe diarrhea, or intestinal disease. It may also be given to those undergoing high-dose chemotherapy or radiation and bone marrow transplantation. It is possible to give all of the protein, calories, vitamins and minerals a person needs using total parenteral nutrition.
NCI

Total parenteral nutrition formulated for intravenous administration in patients who cannot eat or cannot get enough nutrients from the foods they eat. It is a liquid mixture of proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals and other nutrients.
NCI

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Dictyocaulus – infekce

Infection with nematodes of the genus DICTYOCAULUS. In deer, cattle, sheep, and horses the bronchi are the site of infestation.
MSH

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hypofosfatémie familiární

An inherited condition of abnormally low serum levels of PHOSPHATES (below 1 mg/liter) which can occur in a number of genetic diseases with defective reabsorption of inorganic phosphorus by the PROXIMAL RENAL TUBULES. This leads to phosphaturia, HYPOPHOSPHATEMIA, and disturbances of cellular and organ functions such as those in X-LINKED HYPOPHOSPHATEMIC RICKETS; OSTEOMALACIA; and FANCONI SYNDROME.
MSH

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síran barnatý

A compound used as an x-ray contrast medium that occurs in nature as the mineral barite. It is also used in various manufacturing applications and mixed into heavy concrete to serve as a radiation shield.
MSH

The sulfate salt of barium, an alkaline, divalent metal. Barium sulfate is quite insoluble in water, and is used as a radiopaque agent to diagnose gastrointestinal medical conditions. Barium sulfate is taken by mouth or given rectally. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=483042&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=483042&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C28859″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

The sulfate salt of barium, an alkaline, divalent metal. Barium sulfate is quite insoluble in water, and is used as a radiopaque agent to diagnose gastrointestinal medical conditions. Barium sulfate is taken by mouth or given rectally. (NCI04)
NCI

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sociální práce – oddělení nemocnice

Hospital department responsible for administering and providing social services to patients and their families.
MSH

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nimorazol

An antitrichomonal agent which is effective either topically or orally and whose urinary metabolites are also trichomonicidal.
MSH

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parvalbuminy

Low molecular weight, calcium binding muscle proteins. Their physiological function is possibly related to the contractile process.
MSH

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diethylpyrokarbonát

Preservative for wines, soft drinks, and fruit juices and a gentle esterifying agent.
MSH

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Disociační fuga

subtype of hysterical neurosis; the current classification is dissociative disorders; sudden temporary alterations in the normally integrative functions of consciousness.
CSP

A disorder characterized by sudden, unexpected travel away from one`s home or place of work accompanied by an inability to recall one`s past; the individual is confused about his or her personal identity and may assume a new identity.
NCI

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Bayesova věta

A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihoods of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
MSH

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hydroxid sodný

A highly caustic substance that is used to neutralize acids and make sodium salts. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

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oxid dusičitý

Nitrogen oxide (NO2). A highly poisonous gas. Exposure produces inflammation of lungs that may only cause slight pain or pass unnoticed, but resulting edema several days later may cause death. (From Merck, 11th ed) It is a major atmospheric pollutant that is able to absorb UV light that does not reach the earth`s surface.
MSH

Found in the atmosphere as a key ingredient in photochemical formation of smog and acid rain, Nitrogen Dioxide is a poisonous gas that forms during combustion. Toxic at high concentrations, it reacts with moisture in the air to form nitric acid, highly corrosive and hazardous to plants and animals. (NCI04)
NCI

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pacienti – propuštění

The administrative process of discharging the patient, live or dead, from hospitals or other health facilities.
MSH

The release of a patient from a course of care.
NCI

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dihydroalprenolol

Hydrogenated alprenolol derivative where the extra hydrogens are often tritiated. This radiolabeled form of ALPRENOLOL, a beta-adrenergic blocker, is used to label the beta-adrenergic receptor for isolation and study.
MSH

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imunoglobulin D

present on the membrane of many circulating B lymphocytes; may play a role in antigen triggered lymphocyte differentiation.
CSP

An immunoglobulin which accounts for less than 1% of plasma immunoglobulin. It is found on the membrane of many circulating B LYMPHOCYTES.
MSH

An immunoglobulin isotype (subclass). This isotype is expressed on naive B cells along with IgM. Little is known about its physiologic role.
NCI

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Belgische haas

A strain of Oryctolagus cuniculus originating in Flanders, Belgium and perfected by English breeders.
MSH

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rozpustnost

The ability of a substance to be dissolved, i.e. to form a solution with another substance. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
MSH

quality or fact of being soluble; susceptibility of being dissolved.
CSP

The ability of a particular substance to dissolve in a particular solvent (yielding a saturated solution).
NCI

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nociceptory

Peripheral AFFERENT NEURONS which are sensitive to injuries or pain, usually caused by extreme thermal exposures, mechanical forces, or other noxious stimuli. Their cell bodies reside in the DORSAL ROOT GANGLIA. Their peripheral terminals (NERVE ENDINGS) innervate target tissues and transduce noxious stimuli via axons to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
MSH

receptor for pain caused by damage to body tissue.
CSP

A free nerve ending that is a receptor for painful stimuli. (Kanner)
NCI

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zubní lékařství dětské

The practice of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of children, proper maintenance, and treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
MSH

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dimethinden

A histamine H1 antagonist. It is used in hypersensitivity reactions, in rhinitis, for pruritus, and in some common cold remedies.
MSH

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napodobovací chování

The mimicking of the behavior of one individual by another.
MSH

mimicking a behavior of one individual by another.
CSP

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benzethonium

Bactericidal cationic quaternary ammonium surfactant used as a topical anti-infective agent. It is an ingredient in medicaments, deodorants, mouthwashes, etc., and is used to disinfect apparatus, etc., in the food processing and pharmaceutical industries, in surgery, and also as a preservative. The compound is toxic orally as a result of neuromuscular blockade.
MSH

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sójový olej

Oil from soybean or soybean plant.
MSH

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normetanefrin

A methylated metabolite of norepinephrine that is excreted in the urine and found in certain tissues. It is a marker for tumors.
MSH

3-methylnorepinephrine, a metabolite of epinephrine excreted in urine.
CSP

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peniciliny

A group of antibiotics that contain 6-aminopenicillanic acid with a side chain attached to the 6-amino group. The penicillin nucleus is the chief structural requirement for biological activity. The side-chain structure determines many of the antibacterial and pharmacological characteristics. (Goodman and Gilman`s The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed, p1065)
MSH

group of natural or semisynthetic antibacterial antibiotics that contain 6-aminopenicillanic acid with a side chain attached to the 6-amino group; they exert a bacteriocidal as well as bacteriostatic effect on susceptible bacteria by interfering with the final stages of the synthesis of cell wall peptidoglycan.
CSP

A drug that is used to treat infection. It belongs to the family of drugs called antibiotics.
NCI

Any beta-lactam antibiotic derived from Pencillium fungi with bactericidal activity. Penicillin antibiotics bind to and inactivate penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) located on the inner membrane of the bacterial cell wall. Inactivation of PBPs interferes with the cross-linkage of peptidoglycan chains necessary for bacterial cell wall strength and rigidity. This interrupts bacterial cell wall synthesis and results in the weakening of the bacterial cell wall, eventually causing cell lysis.
NCI

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dipeptidy

Peptides composed of two amino acid units.
MSH

peptide that yields two molecules of amino acid on hydrolysis.
CSP

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imunoglobulinové Gm alotypy

Allelic variants of the gamma-immunoglobulin heavy chain (IMMUNOGLOBULIN GAMMA-CHAINS) encoded by ALLELES of IMMUNOGLOBULIN HEAVY CHAIN GENES.
MSH

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befeniové sloučeniny

Analogs or derivatives of bephenium (N,N-dimethyl-N-(2-phenoxyethyl)benzenemethanaminium).
MSH

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spektrofotometrie atomová absorpční

spectrophotometric techniques in which the samples are examined in the form of atoms based on their unique energy levels for electrons; particularly used to analyze trace elements.
CSP

A spectrometric method that determines the type and concentration of metal elements in a sample, based upon the principle that each elemental metal absorbs a particular wavelength of ultraviolet light when exposed to heat.
NCI

Spectrophotometry, Atomic Absorption


HL7V3.0

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pepsinogen C

This is one of the 2 related pepsinogen systems in humans. It is found in prostate and seminal fluid whereas PEPSINOGEN A is not.
MSH

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