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plicní surfaktanty

Substances and drugs that lower the SURFACE TENSION of the mucoid layer lining the PULMONARY ALVEOLI.
MSH

phospholipids secreted by the great alveolar cells into alveoli and respiratory air passages which contributes to the elastic property of pulmonary tissue.
CSP

Secretion produced by Type 2 pulmonary alveolar cell.
FMA

Pulmonary surfactant lines the lung epithelium and lowers surface tension to prevent collapse at end-expiration. Deficiency of pulmonary surfactant results in respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in premature infants. Lung surfactant is synthesized in alveolar type II cells, stored in lamellar bodies and secreted via exocytosis. (NCI)
NCI

Secretion produced by Type 2 pulmonary alveolar cell.
UWDA

Pulmonary surfactant lines the lung epithelium and lowers surface tension to prevent collapse at end-expiration. Deficiency of pulmonary surfactant results in respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in premature infants. Lung surfactant is synthesized in alveolar type II cells, stored in lamellar bodies and secreted via exocytosis.
NCI

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kaménky

An abnormal concretion occurring mostly in the urinary and biliary tracts, usually composed of mineral salts. Also called stones.
MSH

Accumulated material from the secretions of an organ. It is solid and representative examples include gallbladder stones, kidney stones, and salivary gland stones. (NCI)
NCI

Accumulated material from the secretions of an organ. It is solid and representative examples include gallbladder stones, kidney stones, and salivary gland stones.
NCI

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nafronyl

A drug used in the management of peripheral and cerebral vascular disorders. It is claimed to enhance cellular oxidative capacity and to be a spasmolytic. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1310) It may also be an antagonist at 5HT-2 serotonin receptors.
MSH

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nadledviny – nemoci

Pathological processes of the ADRENAL GLANDS.
MSH

pathologic condition or abnormal functioning of either or both of the paired glands situated in the retroperitoneal tissues at the superior pole of the kidneys or adrenal glands.
CSP

Your adrenal, or suprarenal, glands are located on the top of each kidney. These glands produce hormones that you can`t live without, including sex hormones and cortisol, which helps you respond to stress and has many other functions.

Adrenal disorders can cause your adrenal glands to make too much or not enough hormones. With Cushing`s syndrome, there`s too much cortisol, while with Addison`s disease, there is too little. Some people are born unable to make enough cortisol. Tumors can also cause disorders in your adrenal glands. Bleeding and infection can cause an adrenal gland problem that can be fatal without quick treatment.

Treatment depends on which problem you have. Surgery or medicines can treat many adrenal gland disorders.


MEDLINEPLUS

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hordeolum

Purulent infection of one of the sebaceous glands of Zeis along the eyelid margin (external) or of the meibomian gland on the conjunctival side of the eyelid (internal).
MSH

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ductus endolymphaticus

The part of the membranous labyrinth that traverses the bony vestibular aqueduct and emerges through the bone of posterior cranial fossa (CRANIAL FOSSA, POSTERIOR) where it expands into a blind pouch called the endolymphatic sac.
MSH

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puromycinaminonukleosid

PUROMYCIN derivative that lacks the methoxyphenylalanyl group on the amine of the sugar ring. It is an antibiotic with antineoplastic properties and can cause nephrosis.
MSH

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Campylobacter

epsilon proteobacteria; found in the reproductive organs, intestinal tract, and oral cavity; for Campylobacter pylori use HELICOBACTER.
CSP

A genus of bacteria found in the reproductive organs, intestinal tract, and oral cavity of animals and man. Some species are pathogenic.
MSH

A genus of gram-negative, microaerophilic, spiral bacteria. They are motile, with either uni- or bi-polar flagella and are oxidase-positive. Several species of Campylobacter have been implicated in human disease.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Campylobacter genus level.
NCI

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narcismus

A psychoanalytic term meaning self-love.
MSH

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aerobik

exercise designed to improve an individual`s cardiovascular condition.
CSP

Physical activity that increases the heart rate and the body`s use of oxygen. It helps improve a person`s physical fitness.
NCI

Sustained exercise that places an increased oxygen demand on the cardiovascular system and promotes an increased efficiency of the body`s use of oxygen.
NCI

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hospitalizace

The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
MSH

The condition of being treated as a patient in a hospital.
NCI

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leucin-enkefalin

One of the endogenous pentapeptides with morphine-like activity. It differs from MET-ENKEPHALIN in the LEUCINE at position 5. Its first four amino acid sequence is identical to the tetrapeptide sequence at the N-terminal of BETA-ENDORPHIN.
MSH

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pyrazinamid

A pyrazine that is used therapeutically as an antitubercular agent.
MSH

antibacterial derived from nicotinic acid, used as a tuberculostatic.
CSP

A synthetic pyrazinoic acid amide derivative with bactericidal property. Pyrazinamide is particularly active against slowly multiplying intracellular bacilli (unaffected by other drugs) by an unknown mechanism of action. Its bactericidal action is dependent upon the presence of bacterial pyrazinamidase, which removes the amide group to produce active pyrazinoic acid. Pyrazinamide is an important component of multidrug therapy for tuberculosis. (NCI04)
NCI

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kapiláry – rezistence

The vascular resistance to the flow of BLOOD through the CAPILLARIES portions of the peripheral vascular bed.
MSH

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natriuretické hormony

Endogenous chemicals that regulate the WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE in the body, such as the NATRIURETIC PEPTIDES.
MSH

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agar

A complex sulfated polymer of galactose units, extracted from Gelidium cartilagineum, Gracilaria confervoides, and related red algae. It is used as a gel in the preparation of solid culture media for microorganisms, as a bulk laxative, in making emulsions, and as a supporting medium for immunodiffusion and immunoelectrophoresis.
MSH

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návštěvy pacientů doma

Visits to the patient`s home by professional personnel for the purpose of diagnosis and/or treatment.
MSH

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enviomycin

Cyclic basic peptide related to VIOMYCIN. It is isolated from an induced mutant of Streptomyces griseoverticillatus var. tuberacticus and acts as an antitubercular agent with less ototoxicity than tuberactinomycin.
MSH

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pyrofosfatasy

A group of enzymes within the class EC 3.6.1.- that catalyze the hydrolysis of diphosphate bonds, chiefly in nucleoside di- and triphosphates. They may liberate either a mono- or diphosphate. EC 3.6.1.-.
MSH

nonEC; catalyses the hydrolysis of diphosphate bonds, chiefly in nucleoside di- and triphosphates.
CSP

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karbofuran

A cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as a systemic insecticide, an acaricide, and nematocide. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

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negativismus

State of mind or behavior characterized by extreme skepticism and persistent opposition or resistance to outside suggestions or advice. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
MSH

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vzduch

The mixture of gases present in the earth`s atmosphere consisting of oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and small amounts of other gases.
MSH

A mixture of gases making up the earth`s atmosphere, consisting mainly of nitrogen, oxygen, argon, and carbon dioxide.
NCI

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Huntingtonova nemoc

A familial disorder inherited as an autosomal dominant trait and characterized by the onset of progressive CHOREA and DEMENTIA in the fourth or fifth decade of life. Common initial manifestations include paranoia; poor impulse control; DEPRESSION; HALLUCINATIONS; and DELUSIONS. Eventually intellectual impairment; loss of fine motor control; ATHETOSIS; and diffuse chorea involving axial and limb musculature develops, leading to a vegetative state within 10-15 years of disease onset. The juvenile variant has a more fulminant course including SEIZURES; ATAXIA; dementia; and chorea. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1060-4)
MSH

chronic progressive chorea and mental deterioration terminating in dementia; the age of onset usually is in the fourth decade of life.
CSP

Huntington`s disease (HD) is an inherited disease that causes certain nerve cells in the brain to waste away. People are born with the defective gene, but symptoms usually don`t appear until middle age. Early symptoms of HD may include uncontrolled movements, clumsiness or balance problems. Later, HD can take away the ability to walk, talk or swallow. Some people stop recognizing family members. Others are aware of their environment and are able to express emotions.

If one of your parents has Huntington`s disease, you have a 50-50 chance of getting it. A blood test can tell if you have the HD gene and will develop the disease. Genetic counseling can help you weigh the risks and benefits of taking the test.

There is no cure. Medicines can help manage some of the symptoms, but cannot slow down or stop the disease.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

A progressive hereditary neurodegenerative disorder inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion. Symptoms may appear at any age and include uncontrolled movements, clumsiness, balance problems, difficulty walking, talking, or swallowing. The disease has a progressive course with a decline in mental abilities, and the development of psychiatric problems.
NCI

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kvalita zdravotní péče

The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
MSH

activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program; the concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
CSP

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glucarpidase

A bacterial enzyme that breaks down proteins and other substances, including methotrexate. It is being studied in the treatment of toxic effects caused by methotrexate. It may also help activate certain drugs to kill cancer cells. It is a type of chemoprotective agent and a type of prodrug activator.
NCI

A zinc-dependent enzyme isolated from a strain of the bacterium Pseudomonas. Because glucarpidase rapidly hydrolyzes methotrexate into inactive metabolites, it may be useful as a rescue agent for methotrexate-induced nephrotoxicity. In antibody-directed enzyme prodrug therapy (ADEPT), this agent is conjugated with an antibody that binds to a specific tumor cell type, allowing for glucarpidase-catalyzed activation of a co-administered prodrug at the site of the tumor.
NCI

A zinc-dependent enzyme isolated from a strain of the bacterium Pseudomonas. Because carboxypeptidase-G2 rapidly hydrolyzes methotrexate into inactive metabolites, it may be useful as a rescue agent for methotrexate-induced nephrotoxicity. In antibody-directed enzyme prodrug therapy (ADEPT), this agent is conjugated with an antibody that binds to a specific tumor cell type, allowing for carboxypeptidase-G2-catalyzed activation of a co-administered prodrug at the site of the tumor. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41665&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41665&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C346″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

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nádory podle histologického typu

A collective term for the various histological types of NEOPLASMS. It is more likely to be used by searchers than by indexers and catalogers.
MSH

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albuterol

A short-acting beta-2 adrenergic agonist that is primarily used as a bronchodilator agent to treat ASTHMA. Albuterol is prepared as a racemic mixture of R(-) and S(+) stereoisomers. The stereospecific preparation of R(-) isomer of albuterol is referred to as levalbuterol.
MSH

short-acting beta2-adrenergic agonist with its main clinical use in asthma.
CSP

asthma inhaler
CHV

A racemic mixture of the r-isomer levalbuterol and s-albuterol, a short-acting sympathomimetic agent with bronchodilator activity. Albuterol stimulates beta-2 adrenergic receptors in the lungs, thereby activating the enzyme adenylate cyclase that catalyzes the conversion of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to cyclic-3`,5`-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP). Increased cAMP concentrations relax bronchial smooth muscle, relieve bronchospasms, and reduce inflammatory cell mediator release, especially from mast cells. Albuterol although to a lesser extent, also stimulates beta-1 adrenergic receptors, thereby increasing the force and rate of myocardial contraction.
NCI

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kyselina chlorovodíková

A strong corrosive acid that is commonly used as a laboratory reagent. It is formed by dissolving hydrogen chloride in water. GASTRIC ACID is the hydrochloric acid component of GASTRIC JUICE.
MSH

aqueous solutions of hydrogen chloride; a highly corrosive strong mineral acid, used as a laboratory reagent and also secreted by the gastric parietal cells.
CSP

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psík mývalovitý

The lone species in the genus Nyctereutes, family CANIDAE. It is found in the woodland zone from southeastern Siberia to Vietnam and on the main islands of Japan.
MSH

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karcinom skirhotický

An adenocarcinoma with a hard (Greek skirrhos, hard) structure owing to the formation of dense connective tissue in the stroma. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

An infiltrating adenocarcinoma characterized by the presence of desmoplastic stromal reaction.
NCI

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