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Brunnerovy žlázy

The abundant submucosal mucous glands in the DUODENUM. These glands secrete BICARBONATE IONS; GLYCOPROTEINS; and PEPSINOGEN II.
MSH

Small, flat, granular glands embedded in the submucous areolar tissue of the duodenum. (MeSH)
NCI

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micely

Particles consisting of aggregates of molecules held loosely together by secondary bonds. The surface of micelles are usually comprised of amphiphatic compounds that are oriented in a way that minimizes the energy of interaction between the micelle and its environment. Liquids that contain large numbers of suspended micelles are referred to as EMULSIONS.
MSH

aggregate of lipids in which the polar head groups face outward and the hydrophobic tails face inward.
CSP

A tiny particle made of substances that are soluble in water and that come together to form a ball-like shape. These particles can carry other substances inside them. In medicine, micelles are made in the laboratory and are used to carry drugs to body tissues and cells.
NCI

A multimolecular colloid particle, usually formed by amphipathic molecules in solution with the polar group toward the solution and the hydrophobic group toward the interior.
NCI

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zdravotnická zařízení – plánování

Areawide planning for health care institutions on the basis of projected consumer need.
MSH

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zběhnutí ze studií

individuals who leave school, secondary or college, prior to completion of specified curriculum requirements.
CSP

Individuals who have withdrawn from school.
NCI

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elektroforéza v acetátové celulóze

Electrophoresis in which cellulose acetate is the diffusion medium.
MSH

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fosfoenolpyruvátkarboxylasa

An enzyme with high affinity for carbon dioxide. It catalyzes irreversibly the formation of oxaloacetate from phosphoenolpyruvate and carbon dioxide. This fixation of carbon dioxide in several bacteria and some plants is the first step in the biosynthesis of glucose. EC 4.1.1.31.
MSH

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Bunyaviridae – infekce

Virus diseases caused by the BUNYAVIRIDAE.
MSH

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mikroporézní filtry

A membrane or barrier with micrometer sized pores used for separation purification processes.
MSH

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agentury pro zdravotnické systémy

Health planning and resources development agencies which function in each health service area of the United States (PL 93-641).
MSH

a department of government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to health and health services.
CSP

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podjazyková slinná žláza – nádory

Neoplasms of the sublingual glands.
MSH

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embolie vzduchová

Blocking of a blood vessel by air bubbles that enter the circulatory system, usually after TRAUMA; surgical procedures, or changes in atmospheric pressure.
MSH

embolism due to air bubbles entering the blood vessels after trauma, surgical procedures, or changes in atmospheric pressure.
CSP

The presence of bubbles of gas in the vascular system; occurrence is related to the entry of air into the venous circulation following trauma or surgery.
NCI

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fosfor – radioisotopy

Unstable isotopes of phosphorus that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. P atoms with atomic weights 28-34 except 31 are radioactive phosphorus isotopes.
MSH

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hydroxyanisol butylovaný

Mixture of 2- and 3-tert-butyl-4-methoxyphenols that is used as an antioxidant in foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals.
MSH

A white, waxy solid mixture of 2- and 3-Tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole with a faint aromatic odor. Butylated Hydroxyanisole is a widely used synthetic antioxidant in foods, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals mainly to preserve fats and oils. Butylated Hydroxyanisole is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05)
NCI

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midodrin

An ethanolamine derivative that is an adrenergic alpha-1 agonist. It is used as a vasoconstrictor agent in the treatment of HYPOTENSION.
MSH

A direct-acting prodrug and sympathomimetic agent with antihypotensive properties. Midodrine is converted to its active metabolite, desglymidodrine by deglycination reaction. Desglymidodrine selectively binds to and activates alpha-1-adrenergic receptors of the arteriolar and venous vasculature. This causes smooth muscle contraction and leads to an elevation of blood pressure. Desglymidodrine diffuses poorly across the blood-brain barrier, and is therefore not associated with effects on the central nervous system (CNS).
NCI

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srdeční frekvence fetální

The heart rate of the FETUS. The normal range at term is between 120 and 160 beats per minute.
MSH

The number of fetal cardiac beats per minute.
NCI

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sacharosa

A nonreducing disaccharide composed of GLUCOSE and FRUCTOSE linked via their anomeric carbons. It is obtained commercially from SUGARCANE, sugar beet (BETA VULGARIS), and other plants and used extensively as a food and a sweetener.
MSH

nonreducing disaccharide, composed of glucose and fructose linked via their anomeric carbons.
CSP

A disaccharide consisting of glucose and fructose. The linkage is alpha with respect to the glucose and beta with respect to the fructose.
NCI

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zaměstnanci – stížnosti

Formal procedures whereby the employee expresses any dissatisfaction or feeling of injustice regarding the work situation.
MSH

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fykokyanin

The metal-free blue phycobilin pigment in a conjugated chromoprotein of blue-green algae. It functions as light-absorbing substance together with chlorophylls.
MSH

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kalcifediol

The major circulating metabolite of VITAMIN D3. It is produced in the LIVER and is the best indicator of the body`s vitamin D stores. It is effective in the treatment of RICKETS and OSTEOMALACIA, both in azotemic and non-azotemic patients. Calcifediol also has mineralizing properties.
MSH

metabolic intermediate between cholecalciferol and 1,25- dihydroxycholecalciferol, with partial activity of latter.
CSP

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Minocycline Hydrochloride

The hydrochloride salt of minocycline, a broad spectrum long-acting derivative of the antibiotic tetracycline, with antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activities. Minocycline binds to the bacterial 30S ribosomal subunit and interferes with the binding of tRNA to the ribosomal complex, thereby inhibiting protein translation in bacteria. In addition, minocycline inhibits the inflammatory enzyme 5-lipoxygenase (5LOX) and may impede T cell-microglia interactions; both activities may contribute to minocycline`s neuroprotective effects. 5LOX catalyzes the synthesis of inflammatory mediators such as prostaglandins and leukotrienes.
NCI

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Hela buňky

first continuously cultured human malignant cell line, derived from a cervical carcinoma; used for virus cultivation and antitumor drug screening assays.
CSP

The first continuously cultured human malignant CELL LINE, derived from the cervical carcinoma of Henrietta Lacks. These cells are used for VIRUS CULTIVATION and antitumor drug screening assays.
MSH

HeLa cells were developed from cervix adenocarcinoma of a 31-year-old Black female. The cells are positive for keratin by immunoperoxidase staining. HeLa cells have been reported to contain human papilloma virus 18 (HPV-18) sequences. P53 expression was reported to be low, and normal levels of pRB (retinoblastoma suppressor) were found. Four typical HeLa marker chromosomes have been reported. M1 is a rearranged long arm and centromere of chromosome 1 and the long arm of chromosome 3. M2 is a combination of short arm of chromosome 3 and long arm of chromosome 5. M3 is an isochromosome of the short arm of chromosome 5. M4 consists of the long arm of chromosome 11 and an arm of chromosome 19. HeLa Marker Chromosomes: One copy of Ml, one copy of M2, four-five copies of M3, and two copies of M4 as revealed by G-banding patterns.
NCI

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sulfátadenylyltransferasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the activation of sulfate ions by ATP to form adenosine-5`-phosphosulfate and pyrophosphate. This reaction constitutes the first enzymatic step in sulfate utilization following the uptake of sulfate. EC 2.7.7.4.
MSH

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encefalomyelitida

A general term indicating inflammation of the BRAIN and SPINAL CORD, often used to indicate an infectious process, but also applicable to a variety of autoimmune and toxic-metabolic conditions. There is significant overlap regarding the usage of this term and ENCEPHALITIS in the literature.
MSH

inflammation of the brain and spinal cord, often used to indicate an infectious process, but also applicable to a variety of autoimmune and toxic-metabolic conditions.
CSP

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physiopathological

Used with organs and diseases for disordered function in disease states.
MSH

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kaménky

An abnormal concretion occurring mostly in the urinary and biliary tracts, usually composed of mineral salts. Also called stones.
MSH

Accumulated material from the secretions of an organ. It is solid and representative examples include gallbladder stones, kidney stones, and salivary gland stones. (NCI)
NCI

Accumulated material from the secretions of an organ. It is solid and representative examples include gallbladder stones, kidney stones, and salivary gland stones.
NCI

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mitóza

A type of CELL NUCLEUS division by means of which the two daughter nuclei normally receive identical complements of the number of CHROMOSOMES of the somatic cells of the species.
MSH

A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through M phase, the part of the cell cycle comprising nuclear division. [GOC:dph, GOC:mah, ISBN:0815316194]
GO

A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell divides; the process involves condensation of chromosomal DNA into a highly compacted form. Canonically, mitosis produces two daughter nuclei whose chromosome complement is identical to that of the mother cell. [GOC:dph, GOC:ma, GOC:mah, ISBN:0198547684]
GO

The last cell cycle stage during which the replicated daughter chromosomes separate in to separate nuclei; cytokinesis then occurs to produce separate daughter cells. It is divided into Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, and Telophase.
NCI

The process by which a single parent cell divides to make two new daughter cells. Each daughter cell receives a complete set of chromosomes from the parent cell. This process allows the body to grow and replace cells.
NCI

The usual process of somatic reproduction of cells consisting of a sequence of modifications of the nucleus that result in the formation of two daughter cells with exactly the same chromosome and DNA content as that of the original cell. It is the process by which the body grows and replaces cells and is divided into four phases. In Prophase, paired chromosomes form, nuclear membrane disappears, the achromatic spindle appears, and polar bodies form. In Metaphase, chromosomes are arranged in the equatorial plane of the central spindle to form the monaster and chromosomes separate into exactly similar halves. In Anaphase, the two groups of daughter chromosomes separate and move along the fibers of the central spindle, each toward one of the asters, forming the diaster. In Telophase, the daughter chromosomes resolve themselves into a reticulum, the daughter nuclei are formed, and the cytoplasm divides forming two complete daughter cells.
NCI

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hematochezie

The passage of bright red blood from the rectum. The blood may or may not be mixed with formed stool in the form of blood, blood clots, bloody stool or diarrhea.
MSH

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estery kyseliny sírové

Organic esters of sulfuric acid.
MSH

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ductus endolymphaticus

The part of the membranous labyrinth that traverses the bony vestibular aqueduct and emerges through the bone of posterior cranial fossa (CRANIAL FOSSA, POSTERIOR) where it expands into a blind pouch called the endolymphatic sac.
MSH

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pilotní projekty

Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
MSH

The initial study examining a new method or treatment.
NCI

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