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znalostní báze

A database or other collection of knowledge expressed in a formal knowledge representation language.
NCI

Collections of facts, assumptions, beliefs, and heuristics that are used in combination with databases to achieve desired results, such as a diagnosis, an interpretation, or a solution to a problem (From McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed).
MSH

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kontrolní skupiny

Groups that serve as a standard for comparison in experimental studies. They are similar in relevant characteristics to the experimental group but do not receive the experimental intervention.
MSH

In a clinical trial, the group that does not receive the new treatment being studied. This group is compared to the group that receives the new treatment, to see if the new treatment works.
NCI

A group used as a standard of comparison in a control experiment.
NCI

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fakulta

The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.
MSH

The body of teachers and administrators at a school.
NCI

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actinobacillosis

A disease characterized by suppurative and granulomatous lesions in the respiratory tract, upper alimentary tract, skin, kidneys, joints, and other tissues. Actinobacillus lignieresii infects cattle and sheep while A. equuli infects horses and pigs.
MSH

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psychoanalýza

The separation or resolution of the psyche into its constituent elements. The term has two separate meanings: 1. a procedure devised by Sigmund Freud, for investigating mental processes by means of free association, dream interpretation and interpretation of resistance and transference manifestations; and 2. a theory of psychology developed by Freud from his clinical experience with hysterical patients. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996).
MSH

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porodní doba druhá

The period of OBSTETRIC LABOR that is from the complete dilatation of the CERVIX UTERI to the expulsion of the FETUS.
MSH

A stage during labor and childbirth when the cervix is effaced totally and remains dilated until the birth of the baby.
NCI

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rohovka – nemoci

Diseases of the cornea.
MSH

pathological process affecting the transparent anterior portion of the fibrous coat of the eye.
CSP

Your cornea is the outermost layer of your eye. It is clear and shaped like a dome. The cornea helps to shield the rest of the eye from germs, dust, and other harmful matter. It also helps your eye to focus. If you wear contact lenses, they float on top of your corneas.

Problems with the cornea include

  • Refractive errors
  • Allergies
  • Infections
  • Injuries
  • Dystrophies – conditions in which parts of the cornea lose clarity due to a buildup of cloudy material

Treatments of corneal disorders include medicines, corneal transplantation and corneal laser surgery.

NIH National Eye Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

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Fasciola

A genus of trematode liver flukes of the family Fasciolidae. Two species of this genus are F. hepatica and F. gigantica. The parasites are found in the liver and gallbladder and associated ducts in mammals and occasionally man. F. gigantica occurs rarely in man.
MSH

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androsteny

Unsaturated derivatives of the steroid androstane containing at least one double bond at any site in any of the rings.
MSH

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acylkoenzym A

S-Acyl coenzyme A. Fatty acid coenzyme A derivatives that are involved in the biosynthesis and oxidation of fatty acids as well as in ceramide formation.
MSH

S-acyl coenzyme A; fatty acid coenzyme A derivatives that are involved in the biosynthesis and oxidation of fatty acids as well as in ceramide formation.
CSP

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psychofyziologie

The study of the physiological basis of human and animal behavior.
MSH

branch of psychology which experimentally investigates the physiological basis of behavior, including anatomical structures, psychological processes, and mental functions.
CSP

The branch of psychology concerned with the physiological basis of behavior.
NCI

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laktoferrin

An iron-binding protein that was originally characterized as a milk protein. It is widely distributed in secretory fluids and is found in the neutrophilic granules of LEUKOCYTES. The N-terminal part of lactoferrin possesses a serine protease which functions to inactivate the type III secretion system used by bacteria to export virulence proteins for host cell invasion.
MSH

iron binding protein found in the specific granules of neutrophils where it exerts an antimicrobial activity by withholding iron from ingested bacteria and fungi; occurs in many excretions and exudates.
CSP

Lactotransferrin (710 aa, ~78 kDa) is encoded by the human LTF gene. This protein is involved in the mediation of both proteolysis and iron transport.
NCI

A protein that is found in milk, tears, mucus, bile, and some white blood cells and is being studied in the treatment and prevention of cancer. It is involved in fighting against infection and inflammation and it acts as an antioxidant.
NCI

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kortison

A naturally occurring glucocorticoid. It has been used in replacement therapy for adrenal insufficiency and as an anti-inflammatory agent. Cortisone itself is inactive. It is converted in the liver to the active metabolite HYDROCORTISONE. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p726)
MSH

naturally occurring glucocorticoid used in replacement therapy for adrenal insufficiency and as an anti-inflammatory agent; cortisone itself is inactive and is converted in the liver to the active metabolite cortisol.
CSP

A natural steroid hormone produced in the adrenal gland. It can also be made in the laboratory. Cortisone reduces swelling and can suppress immune responses.
NCI

A steroid hormone synthesized and secreted by the adrenal gland and necessary for life. It is involved with maintaining cardiovascular function, blood glucose balance, regulating the inflammatory response and metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates, and fat.
NCI

A corticosteroid with potent glucocorticoid activity. Therapeutic cortisone is the inactive precursor molecule of the active hormone cortisol, which is the hydroxylation product of cortisone by 11-beta-steroid dehydrogenase. Cortisol increases blood pressure and blood sugar levels, and suppresses the immune system, therefore cortisone is used to treat allergies or inflammation.
NCI

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GOROTZ INKONTINENTZIA

Failure of voluntary control of the anal sphincters, with involuntary passage of feces and flatus.
MSH

failure of control of the anal sphincters, with involuntary passage of feces and flatus; it may be either psychogenic or organic in origin.
CSP

Inability to control the escape of stool from the rectum.
NCI

A disorder characterized by inability to control the escape of stool from the rectum.
NCI

Bowel incontinence is the inability to control your bowels. When you feel the urge to have a bowel movement, you may not be able to hold it until you get to a toilet. More than 5.5 million Americans have bowel incontinence. It affects people of all ages – children and adults. It is more common in women and older adults, but it is not a normal part of aging.

Causes include

Treatments include changes in diet, medicines, bowel training, or surgery.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

Inability to hold stool in the rectum.
NCI

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anestézie inhalační

Anesthesia caused by the breathing of anesthetic gases or vapors or by insufflating anesthetic gases or vapors into the respiratory tract.
MSH

state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation caused by the breathing of anesthetic gases or vapors or by insufflating anesthetic gases or vapors into the respiratory tract.
CSP

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adenosindifosfátglukosa

Serves as the glycosyl donor for formation of bacterial glycogen, amylose in green algae, and amylopectin in higher plants.
MSH

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veřejné zubní lékařství

A dental specialty concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance of oral health through promoting organized dental health programs at a community, state, or federal level.
MSH

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Laos

A country in Southeastern Asia, northeast of Thailand, west of Vietnam. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Southeastern Asia, northeast of Thailand, west of Vietnam. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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Professional counsellor

A provider who is trained and educated in the performance of behavior health services through interpersonal communications and analysis. Training and education at the specialty level usually requires a master`s degree and clinical experience and supervision for licensure or certification. Sources: Abridged from definitions provided by the National Board of Certified Counselors and the American Association of Pastoral Counselors.


HL7V3.0

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fenbendazol

Antinematodal benzimidazole used in veterinary medicine.
MSH

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Angiostrongylus

A genus of parasitic nematodes of the superfamily METASTRONGYLOIDEA. Two species, ANGIOSTRONGYLUS CANTONENSIS and A. vasorum, infest the lungs of rats and dogs, respectively. A. cantonensis is transmissible to man where it causes frequently fatal infection of the central nervous system.
MSH

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adjuvancia imunologická

Substances that augment, stimulate, activate, potentiate, or modulate the immune response at either the cellular or humoral level. The classical agents (Freund`s adjuvant, BCG, Corynebacterium parvum, et al.) contain bacterial antigens. Some are endogenous (e.g., histamine, interferon, transfer factor, tuftsin, interleukin-1). Their mode of action is either non-specific, resulting in increased immune responsiveness to a wide variety of antigens, or antigen-specific, i.e., affecting a restricted type of immune response to a narrow group of antigens. The therapeutic efficacy of many biological response modifiers is related to their antigen-specific immunoadjuvanticity.
MSH

A drug that stimulates the immune system to respond to disease.
NCI

a drug that stimulates the immune system
CHV

A substance that increases the ability of the immune system to fight infection and disease.
NCI

Substances that stimulate the immune system.
NCI

Adjuvants are mostly pharmacological agents of drug or biological origin used to modify the antigenicity of immunization components, i.e., to stimulate, potentiate, or depress the immune response or to inhibit or enhance specific subclasses of immunocytes. Adjuvants augment, stimulate, activate, potentiate, or modulate the immune response at either the cellular or humoral level. Classical agents (Freund`s adjuvant, BCG, Corynebacterium parvum) contain bacterial antigens. Some adjuvants are endogenous (e.g., histamine, interferon, transfer factor, tuftsin, interleukin-1). Their mode of action is either non-specific, resulting in increased immune responsiveness to a variety of antigens, or antigen-specific, affecting a restricted type of immune response to a narrow group of antigens. Since adjuvants enhance the body`s immune response, they can be considered a type of immune modulator.
NCI

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plicní surfaktanty

Substances and drugs that lower the SURFACE TENSION of the mucoid layer lining the PULMONARY ALVEOLI.
MSH

phospholipids secreted by the great alveolar cells into alveoli and respiratory air passages which contributes to the elastic property of pulmonary tissue.
CSP

Secretion produced by Type 2 pulmonary alveolar cell.
FMA

Pulmonary surfactant lines the lung epithelium and lowers surface tension to prevent collapse at end-expiration. Deficiency of pulmonary surfactant results in respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in premature infants. Lung surfactant is synthesized in alveolar type II cells, stored in lamellar bodies and secreted via exocytosis. (NCI)
NCI

Secretion produced by Type 2 pulmonary alveolar cell.
UWDA

Pulmonary surfactant lines the lung epithelium and lowers surface tension to prevent collapse at end-expiration. Deficiency of pulmonary surfactant results in respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in premature infants. Lung surfactant is synthesized in alveolar type II cells, stored in lamellar bodies and secreted via exocytosis.
NCI

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Lathyrus

A plant genus in the family FABACEAE known for LATHYRISM poisoning.
MSH

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kreatinkinasa – forma MM

An isoenzyme of creatine kinase found in the MUSCLE.
MSH

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Ferula

A plant genus of the family APIACEAE. It contains pungent oils and resins. It is used to flavor curries, as a carminative, and as cat and dog repellent. The occasionally used common name of `giant fennel` should not be confused with true fennel (FOENICULUM).
MSH

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zvířata divoká

Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
MSH

animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use; prefer indexing specific animal, treed elsewhere, when possible.
CSP

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nadledviny – nemoci

Pathological processes of the ADRENAL GLANDS.
MSH

pathologic condition or abnormal functioning of either or both of the paired glands situated in the retroperitoneal tissues at the superior pole of the kidneys or adrenal glands.
CSP

Your adrenal, or suprarenal, glands are located on the top of each kidney. These glands produce hormones that you can`t live without, including sex hormones and cortisol, which helps you respond to stress and has many other functions.

Adrenal disorders can cause your adrenal glands to make too much or not enough hormones. With Cushing`s syndrome, there`s too much cortisol, while with Addison`s disease, there is too little. Some people are born unable to make enough cortisol. Tumors can also cause disorders in your adrenal glands. Bleeding and infection can cause an adrenal gland problem that can be fatal without quick treatment.

Treatment depends on which problem you have. Surgery or medicines can treat many adrenal gland disorders.


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puromycinaminonukleosid

PUROMYCIN derivative that lacks the methoxyphenylalanyl group on the amine of the sugar ring. It is an antibiotic with antineoplastic properties and can cause nephrosis.
MSH

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stehno a bérec – kosti

The bones of the free part of the lower extremity in humans and of any of the four extremities in animals. It includes the FEMUR; PATELLA; TIBIA; and FIBULA.
MSH

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