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ESKIZOFRENIA, EDOZEIN MOTA

A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.
MSH

class of psychoses with disturbance mainly of cognition (content and form of thought, perception, sense of self versus external world, volition) and psychomotor function, rather than affect.
CSP

Schizophrenia is a severe, lifelong brain disorder. People who have it may hear voices, see things that aren`t there or believe that others are reading or controlling their minds. In men, symptoms usually start in the late teens and early 20s. They include hallucinations, or seeing things, and delusions such as hearing voices. For women, they start in the mid-20s to early 30s. Other symptoms include

  • Unusual thoughts or perceptions
  • Disorders of movement
  • Difficulty speaking and expressing emotion
  • Problems with attention, memory and organization

No one is sure what causes schizophrenia, but your genetic makeup and brain chemistry probably play a role. Medicines can relieve many of the symptoms, but it can take several tries before you find the right drug. You can reduce relapses by staying on your medicine for as long as your doctor recommends. With treatment, many people improve enough to lead satisfying lives.

NIH: National Institute of Mental Health


MEDLINEPLUS

A group of severe mental disorders in which a person has trouble telling the difference between real and unreal experiences, thinking logically, having normal emotional responses to others, and behaving normally in social situations. Symptoms include seeing, hearing, feeling things that are not there, having false ideas about what is taking place or who one is, nonsense speech, unusual behavior, lack of emotion, and social withdrawal.
NCI

A major psychotic disorder characterized by abnormalities in the perception or expression of reality. It affects the cognitive and psychomotor functions. Common clinical signs and symptoms include delusions, hallucinations, disorganized thinking, and retreat from reality.
NCI

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orbita – fraktury

Fractures of the bones in the orbit, which include parts of the frontal, ethmoidal, lacrimal, and sphenoid bones and the maxilla and zygoma.
MSH

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porodní doba druhá

The period of OBSTETRIC LABOR that is from the complete dilatation of the CERVIX UTERI to the expulsion of the FETUS.
MSH

A stage during labor and childbirth when the cervix is effaced totally and remains dilated until the birth of the baby.
NCI

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DDT

A polychlorinated pesticide that is resistant to destruction by light and oxidation. Its unusual stability has resulted in difficulties in residue removal from water, soil, and foodstuffs. This substance may reasonably be anticipated to be a carcinogen: Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP-85-002, 1985). (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

insecticide that came into prominence during and after World War II; for a time it proved very effective, but insect populations rapidly developed tolerance for it, hence much of its original effectiveness has been lost; general usage is now widely discouraged because of the toxicity that results from the environmental persistence of this agent.
CSP

A white, odorless and tasteless, very stable, water-insoluble, synthetic, crystalline chlorinated hydrocarbon that is soluble in most organic solvents, fat and oils and tends to accumulate in ecosystems. DDT was once widely used as a pesticide to control insects in agriculture and to control malaria, typhus and body lice, but its use is now limited. Exposure to DDT mainly affects the nervous system resulting in tremors, dizziness, nausea, incoordination, convulsions and seizures. This substance is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen based on evidence of carcinogenicity in experimental animals. (NCI05)
NCI

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Fasciola

A genus of trematode liver flukes of the family Fasciolidae. Two species of this genus are F. hepatica and F. gigantica. The parasites are found in the liver and gallbladder and associated ducts in mammals and occasionally man. F. gigantica occurs rarely in man.
MSH

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apyrasa

A calcium-activated enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ATP to yield AMP and orthophosphate. It can also act on ADP and other nucleoside triphosphates and diphosphates. EC 3.6.1.5.
MSH

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scimitar syndrom

An anomalous pulmonary venous return in which the right PULMONARY VEIN is not connected to the LEFT ATRIUM but to the INFERIOR VENA CAVA. Scimitar syndrome is named for the crescent- or Turkish sword-like shadow in the chest radiography and is often associated with hypoplasia of the right lung and right pulmonary artery, and dextroposition of the heart.
MSH

A rare congenital cardiopulmonary defect characterized by abnormal right-sided pulmonary venous drainage and right lung malformations.
NCI

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organoterapie

Historically, the treatment of disease by the administration of animal organs or their extracts (after Brown-Sequard). At present synthetic preparations substitute for the extracts of a gland. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
MSH

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laktoferrin

An iron-binding protein that was originally characterized as a milk protein. It is widely distributed in secretory fluids and is found in the neutrophilic granules of LEUKOCYTES. The N-terminal part of lactoferrin possesses a serine protease which functions to inactivate the type III secretion system used by bacteria to export virulence proteins for host cell invasion.
MSH

iron binding protein found in the specific granules of neutrophils where it exerts an antimicrobial activity by withholding iron from ingested bacteria and fungi; occurs in many excretions and exudates.
CSP

Lactotransferrin (710 aa, ~78 kDa) is encoded by the human LTF gene. This protein is involved in the mediation of both proteolysis and iron transport.
NCI

A protein that is found in milk, tears, mucus, bile, and some white blood cells and is being studied in the treatment and prevention of cancer. It is involved in fighting against infection and inflammation and it acts as an antioxidant.
NCI

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dekontaminace

The removal of contaminating material, such as radioactive materials, biological materials, or CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS, from a person or object.
MSH

To rid of contamination.
NCI

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GOROTZ INKONTINENTZIA

Failure of voluntary control of the anal sphincters, with involuntary passage of feces and flatus.
MSH

failure of control of the anal sphincters, with involuntary passage of feces and flatus; it may be either psychogenic or organic in origin.
CSP

Inability to control the escape of stool from the rectum.
NCI

A disorder characterized by inability to control the escape of stool from the rectum.
NCI

Bowel incontinence is the inability to control your bowels. When you feel the urge to have a bowel movement, you may not be able to hold it until you get to a toilet. More than 5.5 million Americans have bowel incontinence. It affects people of all ages – children and adults. It is more common in women and older adults, but it is not a normal part of aging.

Causes include

Treatments include changes in diet, medicines, bowel training, or surgery.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

Inability to hold stool in the rectum.
NCI

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Areka

A plant genus of the family ARECACEAE. Members contain ARECOLINE and CATECHIN. The leaves and nuts have been used as masticatories, stimulants, and astringents in traditional medicine. The common name of betel is also used for PIPER BETLE. The common name of catechu is sometimes used for ACACIA CATECHU.
MSH

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mořské sasanky

The order Actiniaria, in the class ANTHOZOA, comprised of large, solitary polyps. All species are carnivorous.
MSH

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virus chřipky B

A negative-strand linear single-strand RNA virus with an 8 segment genome. Virions are enveloped and usually spherical or pleomorphic, 50-120 nm in diameter. Influenza B viruses are usually found only in humans. Unlike influenza A viruses, these viruses are not classified according to subtype.
NCI

Species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS B that cause HUMAN INFLUENZA and other diseases primarily in humans. Antigenic variation is less extensive than in type A viruses (INFLUENZA A VIRUS) and consequently there is no basis for distinct subtypes or variants. Epidemics are less likely than with INFLUENZA A VIRUS and there have been no pandemics. Previously only found in humans, Influenza B virus has been isolated from seals which may constitute the animal reservoir from which humans are exposed.
MSH

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Laos

A country in Southeastern Asia, northeast of Thailand, west of Vietnam. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Southeastern Asia, northeast of Thailand, west of Vietnam. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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poskytování zdravotní péče

The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
MSH

The provision of medical care.
NCI

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fenbendazol

Antinematodal benzimidazole used in veterinary medicine.
MSH

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arsenáty

Inorganic or organic salts and esters of arsenic acid.
MSH

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selenomethionin

Diagnostic aid in pancreas function determination.
MSH

methionine in which selenium replaces the sulfur atom; the radioactive form is used in tests of tissue uptake of methionine.
CSP

A selenium (Se) analogue of methionine in which sulfur is replaced with the trace element selenium. Selenomethionine (SeMet) can incorporate into proteins in place of methionine with no effects on protein structure and function, providing a mechanism for reversible Se storage in organs and tissues. Free selenium is incorporated into selenocysteine, an amino acid found in more than thirty selenoproteins including the glutathione peroxidases (GPx) enzymes, thioredoxin reductase (TR) and the iodothyronine deiodinase enzymes.
NCI

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osteochondrom

A cartilage-capped benign tumor that often appears as a stalk on the surface of bone. It is probably a developmental malformation rather than a true neoplasm and is usually found in the metaphysis of the distal femur, proximal tibia, or proximal humerus. Osteochondroma is the most common of benign bone tumors.
MSH

A common, benign cartiliginous neoplasm arising from the metaphysis of bone. The tumor grows on the surface of the bone; it may be pedunculated or sessile. It is characterized by the presence of chondrocytes, a cartilage cap, and a fibrous perichondrium that extends to the periosteum of the bone. In some cases, there is deletion of 8q24.1 chromosome locus.
NCI

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Lathyrus

A plant genus in the family FABACEAE known for LATHYRISM poisoning.
MSH

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zubní artikulátory

Mechanical devices that simulate the temporomandibular joints and jaws to which maxillary and mandibular casts are attached. The entire assembly attempts to reproduce the movements of the mandible and the various tooth-to-tooth relationships that accompany those movements.
MSH

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Ferula

A plant genus of the family APIACEAE. It contains pungent oils and resins. It is used to flavor curries, as a carminative, and as cat and dog repellent. The occasionally used common name of `giant fennel` should not be confused with true fennel (FOENICULUM).
MSH

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členovci – jedy

Venoms from animals of the phylum Arthropoda. Those most investigated are from scorpions and spiders of the class Arachnidae and from ant, bee, and wasp families of the Insecta order Hymenoptera. The venoms contain protein toxins, enzymes, and other bioactive substances and may be lethal to man.
MSH

poison produced by arthropods, toxic to other living organisms.
CSP

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Senegal

A republic in western Africa, southwest of MAURITANIA and east of MALI. Its capital is Dakar.
MSH

A country in Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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otolaryngologie

A surgical specialty concerned with the study and treatment of disorders of the ear, nose, and throat.
MSH

A medical specialty concerned with the study and treatment of disorders of the ear, nose, and throat.
NCI

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stehno a bérec – kosti

The bones of the free part of the lower extremity in humans and of any of the four extremities in animals. It includes the FEMUR; PATELLA; TIBIA; and FIBULA.
MSH

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zubní otisky – materiály

Substances used to create an impression, or negative reproduction, of the teeth and dental arches. These materials include dental plasters and cements, metallic oxide pastes, silicone base materials, or elastomeric materials.
MSH

substances used to create an impression, or negative reproduction, of the teeth and dental arches; these materials include dental plasters and cements, metallic oxide pastes, silicone base materials, or elastomeric materials.
CSP

Impression material is a device composed of materials such as alginate or polysulfide intended to be placed on a preformed impression tray and used to reproduce the structure of a patient`s teeth and gums. The device is intended to provide models for study and for production of restorative prosthetic devices, such as gold inlays and dentures.
SPN

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fibrinová tkáňová adheziva

An autologous or commercial tissue adhesive containing FIBRINOGEN and THROMBIN. The commercial product is a two component system from human plasma that contains more than fibrinogen and thrombin. The first component contains highly concentrated fibrinogen, FACTOR VIII, fibronectin, and traces of other plasma proteins. The second component contains thrombin, calcium chloride, and antifibrinolytic agents such as APROTININ. Mixing of the two components promotes BLOOD CLOTTING and the formation and cross-linking of fibrin. The tissue adhesive is used for tissue sealing, HEMOSTASIS, and WOUND HEALING.
MSH

A substance used during surgery to help heal wounds. It contains proteins found in human blood that cause blood to clot. When fibrin sealant is placed on a wound, a clot forms. Fibrin sealant is being studied as a way to improve healing after lymph node removal in patients with cancer. It is a type of surgical glue.
NCI

A plasma-derived fibrin biomatrix preparation consisting of two separate solutions that are combined on application. The sealer protein solution contains clottable human fibrinogen and bovine aprotinin, a fibrinolysis inhibitor; the thrombin solution contains human thrombin and calcium chloride. When the solutions are combined, a clot is formed, reproducing the final stages of the coagulation cascade. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=38531&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=38531&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C2664″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A plasma-derived fibrin biomatrix preparation consisting of two separate solutions that are combined on application. The sealer protein solution contains clottable human fibrinogen and bovine aprotinin, a fibrinolysis inhibitor; the thrombin solution contains human thrombin and calcium chloride. When the solutions are combined, a clot is formed, reproducing the final stages of the coagulation cascade.
NCI

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Asie

continent of the eastern hemisphere north of the equator forming a single landmass with Europe, the conventional dividing line being the Ural mountains; has numerous large offshore islands, some south of the equator.
CSP

The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer`s Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
MSH

The world`s largest continent; it occupies the eastern part of the Eurasian landmass and its adjacent islands and is separated from Europe by the Ural Mountains. (American Heritage Online Dictionary)
NCI

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