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dihydroalprenolol

Hydrogenated alprenolol derivative where the extra hydrogens are often tritiated. This radiolabeled form of ALPRENOLOL, a beta-adrenergic blocker, is used to label the beta-adrenergic receptor for isolation and study.
MSH

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Belgische haas

A strain of Oryctolagus cuniculus originating in Flanders, Belgium and perfected by English breeders.
MSH

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sarin

An organophosphorus ester compound that produces potent and irreversible inhibition of cholinesterase. It is toxic to the nervous system and is a chemical warfare agent.
MSH

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Infekční otitis externa, blíže neurčená

A disorder characterized by an infectious process involving the outer ear and ear canal. Contributory factors include excessive water exposure (swimmer`s ear infection) and cuts in the ear canal. Symptoms include fullness, itching, swelling and marked discomfort in the ear and ear drainage.
NCI

A bacterial infectious process involving the outer ear and ear canal. Contributory factors include excessive water exposure (swimmer`s ear infection) and cuts in the ear canal. Symptoms include fullness, itching, swelling and pain in the ear and ear drainage.
NCI

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opisthorchiáza

Infection with flukes of the genus Opisthorchis.
MSH

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dimethinden

A histamine H1 antagonist. It is used in hypersensitivity reactions, in rhinitis, for pruritus, and in some common cold remedies.
MSH

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benzethonium

Bactericidal cationic quaternary ammonium surfactant used as a topical anti-infective agent. It is an ingredient in medicaments, deodorants, mouthwashes, etc., and is used to disinfect apparatus, etc., in the food processing and pharmaceutical industries, in surgery, and also as a preservative. The compound is toxic orally as a result of neuromuscular blockade.
MSH

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ESKIZOFRENIA, EDOZEIN MOTA

A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.
MSH

class of psychoses with disturbance mainly of cognition (content and form of thought, perception, sense of self versus external world, volition) and psychomotor function, rather than affect.
CSP

Schizophrenia is a severe, lifelong brain disorder. People who have it may hear voices, see things that aren`t there or believe that others are reading or controlling their minds. In men, symptoms usually start in the late teens and early 20s. They include hallucinations, or seeing things, and delusions such as hearing voices. For women, they start in the mid-20s to early 30s. Other symptoms include

  • Unusual thoughts or perceptions
  • Disorders of movement
  • Difficulty speaking and expressing emotion
  • Problems with attention, memory and organization

No one is sure what causes schizophrenia, but your genetic makeup and brain chemistry probably play a role. Medicines can relieve many of the symptoms, but it can take several tries before you find the right drug. You can reduce relapses by staying on your medicine for as long as your doctor recommends. With treatment, many people improve enough to lead satisfying lives.

NIH: National Institute of Mental Health


MEDLINEPLUS

A group of severe mental disorders in which a person has trouble telling the difference between real and unreal experiences, thinking logically, having normal emotional responses to others, and behaving normally in social situations. Symptoms include seeing, hearing, feeling things that are not there, having false ideas about what is taking place or who one is, nonsense speech, unusual behavior, lack of emotion, and social withdrawal.
NCI

A major psychotic disorder characterized by abnormalities in the perception or expression of reality. It affects the cognitive and psychomotor functions. Common clinical signs and symptoms include delusions, hallucinations, disorganized thinking, and retreat from reality.
NCI

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injekce intraarteriální

Injection, intraarterial


HL7V3.0

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orbita – fraktury

Fractures of the bones in the orbit, which include parts of the frontal, ethmoidal, lacrimal, and sphenoid bones and the maxilla and zygoma.
MSH

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dipeptidy

Peptides composed of two amino acid units.
MSH

peptide that yields two molecules of amino acid on hydrolysis.
CSP

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befeniové sloučeniny

Analogs or derivatives of bephenium (N,N-dimethyl-N-(2-phenoxyethyl)benzenemethanaminium).
MSH

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scimitar syndrom

An anomalous pulmonary venous return in which the right PULMONARY VEIN is not connected to the LEFT ATRIUM but to the INFERIOR VENA CAVA. Scimitar syndrome is named for the crescent- or Turkish sword-like shadow in the chest radiography and is often associated with hypoplasia of the right lung and right pulmonary artery, and dextroposition of the heart.
MSH

A rare congenital cardiopulmonary defect characterized by abnormal right-sided pulmonary venous drainage and right lung malformations.
NCI

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hmyzí hormony

Hormones secreted by insects. They influence their growth and development. Also synthetic substances that act like insect hormones.
MSH

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organoterapie

Historically, the treatment of disease by the administration of animal organs or their extracts (after Brown-Sequard). At present synthetic preparations substitute for the extracts of a gland. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
MSH

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disartikulace

Amputation or separation at a joint. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

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betain

A naturally occurring compound that has been of interest for its role in osmoregulation. As a drug, betaine hydrochloride has been used as a source of hydrochloric acid in the treatment of hypochlorhydria. Betaine has also been used in the treatment of liver disorders, for hyperkalemia, for homocystinuria, and for gastrointestinal disturbances. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1341)
MSH

class of trimethyl derivatives of amino acids or the internal salts of quaternary ammonium bases.
CSP

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mořské sasanky

The order Actiniaria, in the class ANTHOZOA, comprised of large, solitary polyps. All species are carnivorous.
MSH

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insulin – rezistence

Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS.
MSH

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virus chřipky B

A negative-strand linear single-strand RNA virus with an 8 segment genome. Virions are enveloped and usually spherical or pleomorphic, 50-120 nm in diameter. Influenza B viruses are usually found only in humans. Unlike influenza A viruses, these viruses are not classified according to subtype.
NCI

Species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS B that cause HUMAN INFLUENZA and other diseases primarily in humans. Antigenic variation is less extensive than in type A viruses (INFLUENZA A VIRUS) and consequently there is no basis for distinct subtypes or variants. Epidemics are less likely than with INFLUENZA A VIRUS and there have been no pandemics. Previously only found in humans, Influenza B virus has been isolated from seals which may constitute the animal reservoir from which humans are exposed.
MSH

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vzdálenost – percepce

The act of knowing or the recognition of a distance by recollective thought, or by means of a sensory process which is under the influence of set and of prior experience.
MSH

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žlučové pigmenty

Linear TETRAPYRROLES that give a characteristic color to BILE including: BILIRUBIN; BILIVERDIN; and bilicyanin.
MSH

pigments that give a characteristic color to bile including: bilirubin, biliverdine, and bilicyanin.
CSP

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selenomethionin

Diagnostic aid in pancreas function determination.
MSH

methionine in which selenium replaces the sulfur atom; the radioactive form is used in tests of tissue uptake of methionine.
CSP

A selenium (Se) analogue of methionine in which sulfur is replaced with the trace element selenium. Selenomethionine (SeMet) can incorporate into proteins in place of methionine with no effects on protein structure and function, providing a mechanism for reversible Se storage in organs and tissues. Free selenium is incorporated into selenocysteine, an amino acid found in more than thirty selenoproteins including the glutathione peroxidases (GPx) enzymes, thioredoxin reductase (TR) and the iodothyronine deiodinase enzymes.
NCI

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inteligenční testy

Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.
MSH

standardized tests which measure a wide range of abilities, including verbal, numerical and social competence; includes Stanford-Binet test, Wechsler-Bellevue scale and Wechsler Intelligence scale.
CSP

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osteochondrom

A cartilage-capped benign tumor that often appears as a stalk on the surface of bone. It is probably a developmental malformation rather than a true neoplasm and is usually found in the metaphysis of the distal femur, proximal tibia, or proximal humerus. Osteochondroma is the most common of benign bone tumors.
MSH

A common, benign cartiliginous neoplasm arising from the metaphysis of bone. The tumor grows on the surface of the bone; it may be pedunculated or sessile. It is characterized by the presence of chondrocytes, a cartilage cap, and a fibrous perichondrium that extends to the periosteum of the bone. In some cases, there is deletion of 8q24.1 chromosome locus.
NCI

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epidermolysis bullosa

Group of genetically determined disorders characterized by the blistering of skin and mucosae. There are four major forms: acquired, simple, junctional, and dystrophic. Each of the latter three has several varieties.
MSH

inherited chronic noninflammatory skin disease manifested by vesicles, large bullae (blisters), and skin erosions which often result from trauma.
CSP

An autosomal recessive inherited skin disorder caused by mutations in the genes encoding keratins 5 and 14, collagen VII or laminin 5. It is characterized by skin fragility and the formation of blisters. The blisters may become large and ulcerated, resulting in skin infections and loss of body fluids.
NCI

A group of chronic skin disorders in which fluid-filled blisters form on the skin and mucosa (the moist, inner lining of some organs and body cavities). Epidermolysis bullosa is inherited and usually starts at birth. Patients with epidermolysis bullosa may be at increased risk of squamous cell cancer of the skin.
NCI

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DNA-(cytosin-5-)methyltransferasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of a methyl group from S-ADENOSYLMETHIONINE to the 5-position of CYTOSINE residues in DNA.
MSH

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biogenní polyaminy

Biogenic amines having more than one amine group. These are long-chain aliphatic compounds that contain multiple amino and/or imino groups. Because of the linear arrangement of positive charge on these molecules, polyamines bind electrostatically to ribosomes, DNA, and RNA.
MSH

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Senegal

A republic in western Africa, southwest of MAURITANIA and east of MALI. Its capital is Dakar.
MSH

A country in Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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intermitentní explozivní porucha

A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of serious assaultive acts or destruction of property due to a failure to resist aggressive impulses; the degree of aggression during these episodes is grossly out of proportion to any psychosocial provocation. The aggressive episodes are not etiologically linked to another mental disorder, a general medical condition, or substance use.
NCI

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