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antilopy

Any of various ruminant mammals of the order Bovidae. They include numerous species in Africa and the American pronghorn.
MSH

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RNA transferová Thr

A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying threonine to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.
MSH

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nutriční vědy

science of food, the nutrients and other substances contained therein, their action, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.
CSP

The taking in and use of food and other nourishing material by the body. Nutrition is a 3-part process. First, food or drink is consumed. Second, the body breaks down the food or drink into nutrients. Third, the nutrients travel through the bloodstream to different parts of the body where they are used as “fuel” and for many other purposes. To give the body proper nutrition, a person has to eat and drink enough of the foods that contain key nutrients.
NCI

The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.
MSH

Food provides the energy and nutrients you need to be healthy. Nutrients include proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals and water.

Learning to eat nutritiously is not hard. The key is to

  • Eat a variety of foods, including vegetables, fruits and whole-grain products
  • Eat lean meats, poultry, fish, beans and low-fat dairy products
  • Drink lots of water
  • Go easy on the salt, sugar, alcohol, saturated fat and trans fat

Saturated fats are usually fats that come from animals. Look for trans fat on the labels of processed foods, margarines and shortenings.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


MEDLINEPLUS

That which is consumed to fuel necessary life processes of an organism.
NCI

The science of food, the nutrients and other substances contained therein, their action, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.
NCI

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střevní nádory

Tumors or cancer of the INTESTINES.
MSH

new abnormal intestinal tissue, small and large intestines, that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

A benign or malignant neoplasm involving the small or large intestine.
NCI

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Culex

A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) commonly found in tropical regions. Species of this genus are vectors for ST. LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS as well as many other diseases of man and domestic and wild animals.
MSH

genus of mosquitoes commonly found in tropical regions; are vectors for many diseases including St. Louis encephalitis.
CSP

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ergotismus

Poisoning caused by ingesting ergotized grain or by the misdirected or excessive use of ergot as a medicine.
MSH

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antibióza

A natural association between organisms that is detrimental to at least one of them. This often refers to the production of chemicals by one microorganism that is harmful to another.
MSH

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rozety – tvorba

The in vitro formation of clusters consisting of a cell (usually a lymphocyte) surrounded by antigenic cells or antigen-bearing particles (usually erythrocytes, which may or may not be coated with antibody or antibody and complement). The rosette-forming cell may be an antibody-forming cell, a memory cell, a T-cell, a cell bearing surface cytophilic antibodies, or a monocyte possessing Fc receptors. Rosette formation can be used to identify specific populations of these cells.
MSH

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nervus obturatorius

A nerve originating in the lumbar spinal cord (L2 to L4) and traveling through the lumbar plexus to the lower extremity. The obturator nerve provides motor innervation to the adductor muscles of the thigh and cutaneous sensory innervation of the inner thigh.
MSH

A nerve that arises from the second, third, and fourth lumbar nerves and enters the thigh through the obturator canal. It is responsible for the sensory innervation of the skin of the medial aspect of the thigh and also responsible for the motor innervation of the adductor muscles of the lower extremity.
NCI

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inventář nemocniční

Materials and equipment in stock; includes drugs in pharmacies, blood in blood banks, etc.
MSH

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cyklazocin

An analgesic with mixed narcotic agonist-antagonist properties.
MSH

analgesic with mixed narcotic agonist-antagonist properties.
CSP

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prekursorové erytroidní buňky

The cells in the erythroid series derived from MYELOID PROGENITOR CELLS or from the bi-potential MEGAKARYOCYTE-ERYTHROID PROGENITOR CELLS which eventually give rise to mature RED BLOOD CELLS. The erythroid progenitor cells develop in two phases: erythroid burst-forming units (BFU-E) followed by erythroid colony-forming units (CFU-E); BFU-E differentiate into CFU-E on stimulation by ERYTHROPOIETIN, and then further differentiate into ERYTHROBLASTS when stimulated by other factors.
MSH

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antikonvulzíva

Drugs used to prevent SEIZURES or reduce their severity.
MSH

agent used to prevent seizures or reduce their severity.
CSP

Medicine to stop, prevent, or control seizures (convulsions).
NCI

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rutamycin

A macrolide antibiotic of the oligomycin group, obtained from Streptomyces rutgersensis. It is used in cytochemistry as a tool to inhibit various ATPases and to uncouple oxidative phosphorylation from electron transport and also clinically as an antifungal agent.
MSH

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poměr šancí

The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
MSH

A measure of the odds of an event happening in one group compared to the odds of the same event happening in another group. In cancer research, odds ratios are most often used in case-control (backward looking) studies to find out if being exposed to a certain substance or other factor increases the risk of cancer. For example, researchers may study a group of individuals with cancer (cases) and another group without cancer (controls) to see how many people in each group were exposed to a certain substance or factor. They calculate the odds of exposure in both groups and then compare the odds. An odds ratio of one means that both groups had the same odds of exposure and, therefore, the exposure probably does not increase the risk of cancer. An odds ratio of greater than one means that the exposure may increase the risk of cancer, and an odds ratio of less than one means that the exposure may reduce the risk of cancer.
NCI

The ratio of the odds of an event occurring in one group to the odds of it occurring in another group, or to a sample-based estimate of that ratio.
NCI

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ionty

An atom or group of atoms that have a positive or negative electric charge due to a gain (negative charge) or loss (positive charge) of one or more electrons. Atoms with a positive charge are known as CATIONS; those with a negative charge are ANIONS.
MSH

atom or radical having an electrical charge owing to the loss or gain of one or more electrons; substances that form ions are called electrolytes.
CSP

a charged particle
CHV

An atom or a molecule that has a positive or negative electrical charge. Examples are sodium, potassium, calcium, chloride, and phosphate. These ions help move nutrients into cells, help move waste out of cells, and help nerves, muscles, the heart, and the brain work the way they should.
NCI

An atom or molecule having a positive or negative charge owing to the loss or gain of one or more electrons.
NCI

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Cypriniformes

An order of fish with 26 families and over 3,000 species. This order includes the families CYPRINIDAE (minnows and CARPS), Cobitidae (loaches), and Catostomidae (suckers).
MSH

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ezofágoskopie

Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the esophagus.
MSH

Examination of the esophagus using an esophagoscope. An esophagoscope is a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and a lens for viewing. It may also have a tool to remove tissue to be checked under a microscope for signs of disease.
NCI

Endoscopic examination of the esophagus.
NCI

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antigeny T-independentní

Antigens which may directly stimulate B lymphocytes without the cooperation of T lymphocytes.
MSH

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salicylate

o-hydroxybenzoate.
CSP

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čichové dráhy

Set of nerve fibers conducting impulses from olfactory receptors to the cerebral cortex. It includes the OLFACTORY NERVE; OLFACTORY BULB; olfactory tract, olfactory tubercle, anterior perforated substance, and olfactory cortex. The term rhinencephalon is restricted to structures in the CNS receiving fibers from the olfactory bulb.
MSH

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podrážděnost

Abnormal or excessive excitability with easily triggered anger, annoyance, or impatience.
MSH

An abnormal responsiveness or morbid excitability of an organ, its part, or entire organism or its part to stimuli.
NCI

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cystinurie

An inherited disorder due to defective reabsorption of CYSTINE and other BASIC AMINO ACIDS by the PROXIMAL RENAL TUBULES. This form of aminoaciduria is characterized by the abnormally high urinary levels of cystine; LYSINE; ARGININE; and ORNITHINE. Mutations involve the amino acid transport protein gene SLC3A1.
MSH

inherited abnormality of renal tubular transport of dibasic amino acids leading to massive urinary excretion of cystine, lysine, arginine, and ornithine.
CSP

An autosomal recessive inherited metabolic disorder caused by mutations in the SLC3A1 and SLC7A9 genes. It is characterized by deficient re-absorption of cystine in the proximal tubules of the kidney. It results in the formation of stones in the kidney, ureter, and urinary bladder.
NCI

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estrus – synchronizace

Occurrence or induction of ESTRUS in all of the females in a group at the same time, applies only to non-primate mammals with ESTROUS CYCLE.
MSH

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antipyrin

An analgesic and antipyretic that has been given by mouth and as ear drops. Antipyrine is often used in testing the effects of other drugs or diseases on drug-metabolizing enzymes in the liver. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p29)
MSH

family of N-phenylpyrazolones with nonnarcotic analgesic properties.
CSP

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salpingitida

Inflammation of the uterine salpinx, the trumpet-shaped FALLOPIAN TUBES, usually caused by ascending infections of organisms from the lower reproductive tract. Salpingitis can lead to tubal scarring, hydrosalpinx, tubal occlusion, INFERTILITY, and ectopic pregnancy (PREGNANCY, ECTOPIC)
MSH

inflammation of the fallopian tubes.
CSP

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viry onkogenní

Viruses that produce tumors.
MSH

viruses that produce tumors; see RTs for specific organisms.
CSP

A virus capable of transforming a cell to a malignant phenotype. (BioTech Life Science Dictionary)
NCI

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izometrické cvičení

An exercise that is performed by exerting force against an immovable object or by holding an object in a static position.
NCI

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cytogenetika

A subdiscipline of genetics which deals with the cytological and molecular analysis of the CHROMOSOMES, and location of the GENES on chromosomes, and the movements of chromosomes during the CELL CYCLE.
MSH

subdiscipline of genetics which deals with the cytological and molecular analysis of the chromosomes, and location of the genes on chromosomes, and the movements of chromosomes during the cell cycle.
CSP

The study of the structure, function, and abnormalities of human chromosomes.
NCI

The branch of biology that studies the cellular aspects of heredity, especially the chromosomes. Includes the study of disease states caused by numerical and structural chromosome abnormalities.
NCI

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Etiopie

An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.
MSH

A country in Eastern Africa, west of Somalia. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Eastern Africa, west of Somalia. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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