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chrupavka

A non-vascular form of connective tissue composed of CHONDROCYTES embedded in a matrix that includes CHONDROITIN SULFATE and various types of FIBRILLAR COLLAGEN. There are three major types: HYALINE CARTILAGE; FIBROCARTILAGE; and ELASTIC CARTILAGE.
MSH

nonvascular form of connective tissue composed of chondrocytes embedded in a matrix of type II collagen and chondroitin sulfate; divided into three types: hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage, and yellow or elastic white fibrocartilage.
CSP

A tough, flexible tissue that lines joints and gives structure to the nose, ears, larynx, and other parts of the body.
NCI

Regular connective tissue, which consists of chondrocytes and related cells, the intercellular matrix of which is chondrified. Examples: hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage, elastic cartilage.
FMA

A type of connective tissue composed of chondrocytes and an extracellular matrix, composed of collagen, elastin, and ground substance. There are three types of cartilage; namely elastic, hyaline, and fibrocartilage.
NCI

A tough, elastic, fibrous connective tissue found in various parts of the body, such as the joints, outer ear, and larynx.
CHV

Regular connective tissue, which consists of chondrocytes and related cells, the intercellular matrix of which is chondrified. Examples: hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage, elastic cartilage.
UWDA

A type of connective tissue composed of chondrocytes and an extracellular matrix, composed of collagen, elastin, and ground substance. There are three types of cartilage; namely elastic, hyaline, and fibrocartilage.
NCI

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radioisotopová ventrikulografie

Imaging of a ventricle of the heart after the injection of a radioactive contrast medium. The technique is less invasive than cardiac catheterization and is used to assess ventricular function.
MSH

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znalostní báze

A database or other collection of knowledge expressed in a formal knowledge representation language.
NCI

Collections of facts, assumptions, beliefs, and heuristics that are used in combination with databases to achieve desired results, such as a diagnosis, an interpretation, or a solution to a problem (From McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed).
MSH

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fakulta

The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.
MSH

The body of teachers and administrators at a school.
NCI

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elektroencefalografie – alfa rytmus

Brain waves characterized by a relatively high voltage or amplitude and a frequency of 8-13 Hz. They constitute the majority of waves recorded by EEG registering the activity of the parietal and occipital lobes when the individual is awake, but relaxed with the eyes closed.
MSH

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sumci

Common name of the order Siluriformes. This order contains many families and over 2,000 species, including venomous species. Heteropneustes and Plotosus genera have dangerous stings and are aggressive. Most species are passive stingers.
MSH

snout contains 1-4 pairs barbels, small eyes, flattened head, adipose fin; streamlined body shape, either without scales or is covered by heavy, bony plates.
CSP

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racionalizace

A defense mechanism operating unconsciously, in which the individual attempts to justify or make consciously tolerable, by plausible means, feelings, behavior, and motives that would otherwise be intolerable.
MSH

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porodní doba druhá

The period of OBSTETRIC LABOR that is from the complete dilatation of the CERVIX UTERI to the expulsion of the FETUS.
MSH

A stage during labor and childbirth when the cervix is effaced totally and remains dilated until the birth of the baby.
NCI

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Fasciola

A genus of trematode liver flukes of the family Fasciolidae. Two species of this genus are F. hepatica and F. gigantica. The parasites are found in the liver and gallbladder and associated ducts in mammals and occasionally man. F. gigantica occurs rarely in man.
MSH

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resorpce alveolární kosti

Resorption or wasting of the tooth-supporting bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS) in the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE.
MSH

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proteinkinasa CDC28, S cerevisiae

A protein kinase encoded by the Saccharomyces cerevisiae CDC28 gene and required for progression from the G1 PHASE to the S PHASE in the CELL CYCLE.
MSH

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Rec A rekombinasy

A family of recombinases initially identified in BACTERIA. They catalyze the ATP-driven exchange of DNA strands in GENETIC RECOMBINATION. The product of the reaction consists of a duplex and a displaced single-stranded loop, which has the shape of the letter D and is therefore called a D-loop structure.
MSH

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laktoferrin

An iron-binding protein that was originally characterized as a milk protein. It is widely distributed in secretory fluids and is found in the neutrophilic granules of LEUKOCYTES. The N-terminal part of lactoferrin possesses a serine protease which functions to inactivate the type III secretion system used by bacteria to export virulence proteins for host cell invasion.
MSH

iron binding protein found in the specific granules of neutrophils where it exerts an antimicrobial activity by withholding iron from ingested bacteria and fungi; occurs in many excretions and exudates.
CSP

Lactotransferrin (710 aa, ~78 kDa) is encoded by the human LTF gene. This protein is involved in the mediation of both proteolysis and iron transport.
NCI

A protein that is found in milk, tears, mucus, bile, and some white blood cells and is being studied in the treatment and prevention of cancer. It is involved in fighting against infection and inflammation and it acts as an antioxidant.
NCI

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GOROTZ INKONTINENTZIA

Failure of voluntary control of the anal sphincters, with involuntary passage of feces and flatus.
MSH

failure of control of the anal sphincters, with involuntary passage of feces and flatus; it may be either psychogenic or organic in origin.
CSP

Inability to control the escape of stool from the rectum.
NCI

A disorder characterized by inability to control the escape of stool from the rectum.
NCI

Bowel incontinence is the inability to control your bowels. When you feel the urge to have a bowel movement, you may not be able to hold it until you get to a toilet. More than 5.5 million Americans have bowel incontinence. It affects people of all ages – children and adults. It is more common in women and older adults, but it is not a normal part of aging.

Causes include

Treatments include changes in diet, medicines, bowel training, or surgery.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

Inability to hold stool in the rectum.
NCI

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Amerika

The general name for NORTH AMERICA; CENTRAL AMERICA; and SOUTH AMERICA unspecified or combined.
MSH

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buňky – agregace

The phenomenon by which dissociated cells intermixed in vitro tend to group themselves with cells of their own type.
MSH

phenomenon by which dissociated cells intermixed in vitro tend to group themselves with cells of their own type; also in vivo massing of cells.
CSP

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receptory histaminu

Cell-surface proteins that bind histamine and trigger intracellular changes influencing the behavior of cells. Histamine receptors are widespread in the central nervous system and in peripheral tissues. Three types have been recognized and designated H1, H2, and H3. They differ in pharmacology, distribution, and mode of action.
MSH

H1 receptors mediate smooth muscle contraction and are blocked by classic antihistamines; H2 mediate gastric acidification and certain smooth muscle functions and are blocked by cimetidine, burimamide, and related compounds.
CSP

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Laos

A country in Southeastern Asia, northeast of Thailand, west of Vietnam. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Southeastern Asia, northeast of Thailand, west of Vietnam. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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fenbendazol

Antinematodal benzimidazole used in veterinary medicine.
MSH

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aminokyseliny esenciální

Amino acids that are not synthesized by the human body in amounts sufficient to carry out physiological functions. They are obtained from dietary foodstuffs.
MSH

nine alpha amino acids required for protein synthesis that are not synthesized by the human body in amounts sufficient to carry out physiological functions; must be obtained from the diet.
CSP

Amino acid which is not efficiently synthesized by humans and must be included in the diet.
NCI

Refer to those amino acids that can not be synthesized in the body and can only be obtained through food supply.
NCI

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celobiosa

A disaccharide consisting of two glucose units in beta (1-4) glycosidic linkage. Obtained from the partial hydrolysis of cellulose.
MSH

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rekombinace genetická

Production of new arrangements of DNA by various mechanisms such as assortment and segregation, CROSSING OVER; GENE CONVERSION; GENETIC TRANSFORMATION; GENETIC CONJUGATION; GENETIC TRANSDUCTION; or mixed infection of viruses.
MSH

natural process of exchange of DNA between two homologous chromosomes during mitosis; do not confuse with RECOMBINANT DNA, which applies to artificial DNA constructs.
CSP

Any process in which a new genotype is formed by reassortment of genes resulting in gene combinations different from those that were present in the parents. In eukaryotes genetic recombination can occur by chromosome assortment, intrachromosomal recombination, or nonreciprocal interchromosomal recombination. Intrachromosomal recombination occurs by crossing over. In bacteria it may occur by genetic transformation, conjugation, transduction, or F-duction. [ISBN:0198506732 “Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”]
GO

Any type of DNA sequence rearrangement involving possible exchange and frequent loss of segments of DNA by either homologous recombination or non-homologous end-joining of broken DNA strands. Recombination is involved in assorting genes during reproduction, in repairing broken DNA, and in maintaining cell viability at the expense of long-term genomic stability.
NCI

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Lathyrus

A plant genus in the family FABACEAE known for LATHYRISM poisoning.
MSH

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Ferula

A plant genus of the family APIACEAE. It contains pungent oils and resins. It is used to flavor curries, as a carminative, and as cat and dog repellent. The occasionally used common name of `giant fennel` should not be confused with true fennel (FOENICULUM).
MSH

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aminorex

An amphetamine-like anorectic agent. It may cause pulmonary hypertension.
MSH

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centrifugace zonální

Centrifugation using a rotating chamber of large capacity in which to separate cell organelles by density-gradient centrifugation. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

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Babinského reflex

An abnormal reflex consisting of dorsiflexion of the great toe and abduction of the other toes in response to cutaneous stimulation of the plantar surface of the foot.
MSH

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stehno a bérec – kosti

The bones of the free part of the lower extremity in humans and of any of the four extremities in animals. It includes the FEMUR; PATELLA; TIBIA; and FIBULA.
MSH

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fibrinová tkáňová adheziva

An autologous or commercial tissue adhesive containing FIBRINOGEN and THROMBIN. The commercial product is a two component system from human plasma that contains more than fibrinogen and thrombin. The first component contains highly concentrated fibrinogen, FACTOR VIII, fibronectin, and traces of other plasma proteins. The second component contains thrombin, calcium chloride, and antifibrinolytic agents such as APROTININ. Mixing of the two components promotes BLOOD CLOTTING and the formation and cross-linking of fibrin. The tissue adhesive is used for tissue sealing, HEMOSTASIS, and WOUND HEALING.
MSH

A substance used during surgery to help heal wounds. It contains proteins found in human blood that cause blood to clot. When fibrin sealant is placed on a wound, a clot forms. Fibrin sealant is being studied as a way to improve healing after lymph node removal in patients with cancer. It is a type of surgical glue.
NCI

A plasma-derived fibrin biomatrix preparation consisting of two separate solutions that are combined on application. The sealer protein solution contains clottable human fibrinogen and bovine aprotinin, a fibrinolysis inhibitor; the thrombin solution contains human thrombin and calcium chloride. When the solutions are combined, a clot is formed, reproducing the final stages of the coagulation cascade. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=38531&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=38531&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C2664″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A plasma-derived fibrin biomatrix preparation consisting of two separate solutions that are combined on application. The sealer protein solution contains clottable human fibrinogen and bovine aprotinin, a fibrinolysis inhibitor; the thrombin solution contains human thrombin and calcium chloride. When the solutions are combined, a clot is formed, reproducing the final stages of the coagulation cascade.
NCI

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ampicilin – rezistence

Nonsusceptibility of a microbe to the action of ampicillin, a penicillin derivative that interferes with cell wall synthesis.
MSH

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