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lipoxygenasa

An enzyme of the oxidoreductase class primarily found in PLANTS. It catalyzes reactions between linoleate and other fatty acids and oxygen to form hydroperoxy-fatty acid derivatives.
MSH

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kalcifediol

The major circulating metabolite of VITAMIN D3. It is produced in the LIVER and is the best indicator of the body`s vitamin D stores. It is effective in the treatment of RICKETS and OSTEOMALACIA, both in azotemic and non-azotemic patients. Calcifediol also has mineralizing properties.
MSH

metabolic intermediate between cholecalciferol and 1,25- dihydroxycholecalciferol, with partial activity of latter.
CSP

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fenindion

An indandione that has been used as an anticoagulant. Phenindione has actions similar to WARFARIN, but it is now rarely employed because of its higher incidence of severe adverse effects. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p234)
MSH

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lišky

Any of several carnivores in the family CANIDAE, that possess erect ears and long bushy tails and are smaller than WOLVES. They are classified in several genera and found on all continents except Antarctica.
MSH

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encefalomyelitida

A general term indicating inflammation of the BRAIN and SPINAL CORD, often used to indicate an infectious process, but also applicable to a variety of autoimmune and toxic-metabolic conditions. There is significant overlap regarding the usage of this term and ENCEPHALITIS in the literature.
MSH

inflammation of the brain and spinal cord, often used to indicate an infectious process, but also applicable to a variety of autoimmune and toxic-metabolic conditions.
CSP

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žaludek – dilatace

Abnormal distention of the STOMACH due to accumulation of gastric contents that may reach 10 to 15 liters. Gastric dilatation may be the result of GASTRIC OUTLET OBSTRUCTION; ILEUS; GASTROPARESIS; or denervation.
MSH

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játra – regenerace

Repair or renewal of hepatic tissue.
MSH

renewal or physiological repair of damaged liver tissue.
CSP

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kaménky

An abnormal concretion occurring mostly in the urinary and biliary tracts, usually composed of mineral salts. Also called stones.
MSH

Accumulated material from the secretions of an organ. It is solid and representative examples include gallbladder stones, kidney stones, and salivary gland stones. (NCI)
NCI

Accumulated material from the secretions of an organ. It is solid and representative examples include gallbladder stones, kidney stones, and salivary gland stones.
NCI

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fenylmethylsulfonylfluorid

An enzyme inhibitor that inactivates IRC-50 arvin, subtilisin, and the fatty acid synthetase complex.
MSH

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Freundovo adjuvans

An antigen solution emulsified in mineral oil. The complete form is made up of killed, dried mycobacteria, usually M. tuberculosis, suspended in the oil phase. It is effective in stimulating cell-mediated immunity (IMMUNITY, CELLULAR) and potentiates the production of certain IMMUNOGLOBULINS in some animals. The incomplete form does not contain mycobacteria.
MSH

antigen solution emulsified in mineral oil; the complete form is made up of killed, dried mycobacteria, usually Mycobacterium tuberculosis, suspended in the oil phase, effective in stimulating cell-mediated immunity and potentiating the production of immunoglobulins in some animals; the incomplete form does not contain mycobacteria.
CSP

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ductus endolymphaticus

The part of the membranous labyrinth that traverses the bony vestibular aqueduct and emerges through the bone of posterior cranial fossa (CRANIAL FOSSA, POSTERIOR) where it expands into a blind pouch called the endolymphatic sac.
MSH

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Streptomyces griseus

An actinomycete from which the antibiotics STREPTOMYCIN, grisein, and CANDICIDIN are obtained.
MSH

A species of aerobic, Gram positive, filamentous bacteria in the phylum Actinobacteria. This species is spore forming, yellow to orange colored, elastase and hydrolase positive and produces streptomycin. S. griseus is not a known pathogen.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Streptomyces griseus.
NCI

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lorazepam

A benzodiazepine used as an anti-anxiety agent with few side effects. It also has hypnotic, anticonvulsant, and considerable sedative properties and has been proposed as a preanesthetic agent.
MSH

7-chloro-5-(2-chlorophenyl)-1, 3-dihydro-3-hydroxy-1,4- benzodiazepin-2-one.
CSP

a drug used to treat anxiety
CHV

A drug that is used to treat anxiety and certain seizure disorders (such as epilepsy), and to prevent nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy. It belongs to the families of drugs called antiemetics and benzodiazepines.
NCI

A benzodiazepine with anxiolytic, anti-anxiety, anticonvulsant, anti-emetic and sedative properties. Lorazepam enhances the effect of the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid on the GABA receptors by binding to a site that is distinct from the GABA binding site in the central nervous system. This leads to an increase in chloride channel opening events, a facilitation of chloride ion conductance, membrane hyperpolarization, and eventually inhibition of the transmission of nerve signals, thereby decreasing nervous excitation. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39757&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39757&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C619″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A benzodiazepine with anxiolytic, anti-anxiety, anticonvulsant, anti-emetic and sedative properties. Lorazepam enhances the effect of the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid on the GABA receptors by binding to a site that is distinct from the GABA binding site in the central nervous system. This leads to an increase in chloride channel opening events, a facilitation of chloride ion conductance, membrane hyperpolarization, and eventually inhibition of the transmission of nerve signals, thereby decreasing nervous excitation.
NCI

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Campylobacter

epsilon proteobacteria; found in the reproductive organs, intestinal tract, and oral cavity; for Campylobacter pylori use HELICOBACTER.
CSP

A genus of bacteria found in the reproductive organs, intestinal tract, and oral cavity of animals and man. Some species are pathogenic.
MSH

A genus of gram-negative, microaerophilic, spiral bacteria. They are motile, with either uni- or bi-polar flagella and are oxidase-positive. Several species of Campylobacter have been implicated in human disease.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Campylobacter genus level.
NCI

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fonace

The process of producing vocal sounds by means of VOCAL CORDS vibrating in an expiratory blast of air.
MSH

The process of producing vocal sounds by vibration of the vocal cords during an expiration of air.
NCI

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fumaráty

Compounds based on fumaric acid.
MSH

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leucin-enkefalin

One of the endogenous pentapeptides with morphine-like activity. It differs from MET-ENKEPHALIN in the LEUCINE at position 5. Its first four amino acid sequence is identical to the tetrapeptide sequence at the N-terminal of BETA-ENDORPHIN.
MSH

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zběhnutí ze studií

individuals who leave school, secondary or college, prior to completion of specified curriculum requirements.
CSP

Individuals who have withdrawn from school.
NCI

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plíce – absces

Solitary or multiple collections of PUS within the lung parenchyma as a result of infection by bacteria, protozoa, or other agents.
MSH

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kapiláry – rezistence

The vascular resistance to the flow of BLOOD through the CAPILLARIES portions of the peripheral vascular bed.
MSH

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fosfoenolpyruvátkarboxylasa

An enzyme with high affinity for carbon dioxide. It catalyzes irreversibly the formation of oxaloacetate from phosphoenolpyruvate and carbon dioxide. This fixation of carbon dioxide in several bacteria and some plants is the first step in the biosynthesis of glucose. EC 4.1.1.31.
MSH

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GABA

The most common inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system.
MSH

a chemical substance released by nerves in the brain
CHV

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enviomycin

Cyclic basic peptide related to VIOMYCIN. It is isolated from an induced mutant of Streptomyces griseoverticillatus var. tuberacticus and acts as an antitubercular agent with less ototoxicity than tuberactinomycin.
MSH

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podjazyková slinná žláza – nádory

Neoplasms of the sublingual glands.
MSH

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lymfatické uzliny

They are oval or bean shaped bodies (1 – 30 mm in diameter) located along the lymphatic system.
MSH

any of the accumulations of lymphoid tissue organized as definite lymphoid organs, varying from 1 to 25 mm in diameter situated along the course of lymphatic vessels and consisting of an outer cortical and an inner medullary part; the main source of lymphocytes of the peripheral blood and, as part of the reticuloendothelial system, serves as a defense mechanism by removing noxious agents, such as bacteria and toxins.
CSP

A rounded mass of lymphatic tissue that is surrounded by a capsule of connective tissue. Lymph nodes filter lymph (lymphatic fluid), and they store lymphocytes (white blood cells). They are located along lymphatic vessels.
NCI

A bean-shaped organ surrounded by a connective tissue capsule. It is part of the lymphatic system and is found throughout the body. It is composed predominantly of lymphocytes and its main function is immune protection. (NCI)
NCI

A bean-shaped organ surrounded by a connective tissue capsule. It is part of the lymphatic system and is found throughout the body. It is composed predominantly of lymphocytes and its main function is immune protection.
NCI

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karbofuran

A cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as a systemic insecticide, an acaricide, and nematocide. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

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fosfor – radioisotopy

Unstable isotopes of phosphorus that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. P atoms with atomic weights 28-34 except 31 are radioactive phosphorus isotopes.
MSH

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galium – radioisotopy

Unstable isotopes of gallium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Ga atoms with atomic weights 63-68, 70 and 72-76 are radioactive gallium isotopes.
MSH

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sacharosa

A nonreducing disaccharide composed of GLUCOSE and FRUCTOSE linked via their anomeric carbons. It is obtained commercially from SUGARCANE, sugar beet (BETA VULGARIS), and other plants and used extensively as a food and a sweetener.
MSH

nonreducing disaccharide, composed of glucose and fructose linked via their anomeric carbons.
CSP

A disaccharide consisting of glucose and fructose. The linkage is alpha with respect to the glucose and beta with respect to the fructose.
NCI

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lymfomatoidní granulomatóza

An angiocentric and angiodestructive lymphoproliferative disorder primarily involving the lungs. It is caused by an Epstein-Barr virus-induced transformation of the B-cells, in a T-cell rich environment. Clinically and pathologically it resembles EXTRANODAL NK-T-CELL LYMPHOMA.
MSH

Destructive growth of lymph cells, usually involving the lungs, skin, kidneys, and central nervous system. Grades I and II are not considered cancerous, but grade III is considered a lymphoma.
NCI

An angiocentric and angiodestructive lymphoproliferative disease involving extranodal sites, comprised of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive B-cells admixed with reactive T-cells. Incidence is higher among adult males; patients with a history of immunodeficiency are at increased risk. The most common site of involvement is the lung; other common sites include brain, kidney, liver, and skin. Morphologically, three grades are recognized: grade I, II, and III. Grade III lymphomatoid granulomatosis should be approached clinically as a subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
NCI

A neoplastic lymphoproliferative process characterized by an angiocentric arrangement of the tumor cells which is associated with angiodestruction. It includes lymphomatoid granulomatosis which is a lymphoproliferative lesion derived from mature B-lymphocytes and cases of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphomas of nasal type.
NCI

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