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ganglion spirale

The sensory ganglion of the COCHLEAR NERVE. The cells of the spiral ganglion send fibers peripherally to the cochlear hair cells and centrally to the COCHLEAR NUCLEI of the BRAIN STEM.
MSH

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artritida adjuvantní

An experimental model of arthritis that is induced by injecting adjuvants. These adjuvants generally consists of a mixture of light paraffin oil, emulsifying agent, and infective agents or antigens, such as killed mycobacteria or bacterial lipopolysaccharides.
MSH

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Idaho

A state in the northern Rocky Mountains of western United States. Its capital is Boise.
NCI

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periferní nervový systém – nádory

Neoplasms which arise from peripheral nerve tissue. This includes NEUROFIBROMAS; SCHWANNOMAS; GRANULAR CELL TUMORS; and malignant peripheral NERVE SHEATH NEOPLASMS. (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp1750-1)
MSH

A benign or malignant neoplasm arising from a peripheral nerve or the perineural sheaths.
NCI

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zubní sklovina – rozpustnost

The susceptibility of the DENTAL ENAMEL to dissolution.
MSH

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nitrosomočovinové sloučeniny

An anticancer drug that can cross the blood-brain barrier. Carmustine and lomustine are nitrosoureas.
NCI

Any of a class of alkylating agents that contain both a nitroso group and a urea. They are lipophilic and can cross the blood-brain barrier.
NCI

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spondylolistéza

Forward displacement of a superior vertebral body over the vertebral body below.
MSH

forward displacement of one vertebra over another
CHV

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askaridiáza

Infection with nematodes of the genus ASCARIDIA. This condition usually occurs in fowl, often manifesting diarrhea.
MSH

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obraz – interpretace počítačová

Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.
MSH

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rozvoj osobnosti

Growth of habitual patterns of behavior in childhood and adolescence.
MSH

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zubní dřeň

A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
MSH

the richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin.
CSP

A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin. It has formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions.
NCI

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kyselina nordihydroguaiaretová

A potent lipoxygenase inhibitor that interferes with arachidonic acid metabolism. The compound also inhibits formyltetrahydrofolate synthetase, carboxylesterase, and cyclooxygenase to a lesser extent. It also serves as an antioxidant in fats and oils.
MSH

A naturally occurring antioxidant dicatechol originally derived from the creosote bush Larrea divaricatta with antipromoter, anti-inflammatory, and antineoplastic activities. Nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) directly inhibits activation of two receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs), the insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF-1R) and the c-erbB2/HER2/neu receptor, resulting in decreased proliferation of susceptible tumor cell populations. This agent may induce apoptosis in susceptible tumor cell populations as a result of disruption of the actin cytoskeleton in association with the activation of stress activated protein kinases (SAPKs). In addition, NDGA inhibits arachidonic acid 5-lipoxygenase (5LOX), resulting in diminished synthesis of inflammatory mediators such as prostaglandins and leukotrines; it may prevent leukocyte infiltration into tissues and the release of reactive oxygen species and, at higher concentrations, may also inhibit cyclooxygenase. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=479648&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=479648&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C701″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

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stanozolol

A synthetic steroid that has anabolic and androgenic properties. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1194)
MSH

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aspergilóza alergická bronchopulmonální

Hypersensitivity reaction (ALLERGIC REACTION) to fungus ASPERGILLUS in an individual with long-standing BRONCHIAL ASTHMA. It is characterized by pulmonary infiltrates, EOSINOPHILIA, elevated serum IMMUNOGLOBULIN E, and skin reactivity to Aspergillus antigen.
MSH

An immune reaction to aspergillus in patients usually suffering from asthma or cystic fibrosis.
NCI

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imunoanalýza

A technique using antibodies for identifying or quantifying a substance. Usually the substance being studied serves as antigen both in antibody production and in measurement of antibody by the test substance.
MSH

Immunoassay


HL7V3.0

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bakteriofág phi X 174

The type species of the genus MICROVIRUS. A prototype of the small virulent DNA coliphages, it is composed of a single strand of supercoiled circular DNA, which on infection, is converted to a double-stranded replicative form by a host enzyme.
MSH

Microvisus type species; circular (+)-sense ssDNA; causes lysis of enterobacteria within 25-30 minutes of entry.
CSP

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dentice smíšená

The complement of teeth in the jaws after the eruption of some of the permanent teeth but before all the deciduous teeth are absent. (Boucher`s Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
MSH

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kyseliny stearové

A group of compounds that are derivatives of octadecanoic acid which is one of the most abundant fatty acids found in animal lipids. (Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

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plíce – atelektáza

collapse of all or part of a lung due to bronchial plugging or the chest cavity being opened to atomspheric pressure.
CSP

Failure of the lung to expand (inflate) completely. This may be caused by a blocked airway, a tumor, general anesthesia, pneumonia or other lung infections, lung disease, or long-term bedrest with shallow breathing. Sometimes called a collapsed lung.
NCI

Absence of air in the entire or part of a lung, such as an incompletely inflated neonate lung or a collapsed adult lung. Pulmonary atelectasis can be caused by airway obstruction, lung compression, fibrotic contraction, or other factors.
MSH

A disorder characterized by the collapse of part or the entire lung.
NCI

The collapse of part or the entire lung due to airway obstruction, infection, tumor, or general anesthesia.
NCI

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imunohistochemie

Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
MSH

Immunohistochemical staining techniques allow for the visualization of antigens via the sequential application of a specific antibody to the antigen (primary antibody), a secondary antibody to the primary antibody and an enzyme complex with a chromogenic substrate. The enzymatic activation of the chromogen results in a visible reaction product at the antigen site. The specimen may then be counterstained and coverslipped. Results are interpreted using a light microscope and aid in the differential diagnosis of pathophysiological processes, which may or may not be associated with a particular antigen.
NCI

A technique used to identify specific molecules in different kinds of tissue. The tissue is treated with antibodies that bind the specific molecule. These are made visible under a microscope by using a color reaction, a radioisotope, colloidal gold, or a fluorescent dye. Immunohistochemistry is used to help diagnose diseases, such as cancer, and to detect the presence of microorganisms. It is also used in basic research to understand how cells grow and differentiate (become more specialized).
NCI

Immunohistochemical staining techniques allow for the visualization of antigens via the sequential application of a specific antibody to the antigen (primary antibody), a secondary antibody to the primary antibody and an enzyme complex with a chromogenic substrate. The enzymatic activation of the chromogen results in a visible reaction product at the antigen site. The specimen may then be counterstained and coverslipped. Results are interpreted using a light microscope and aid in the differential diagnosis of pathophysiological processes, which may or may not be associated with a particular antigen.
NCI

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fenaziny

3 ring aromatic structure consisting of 2 benzene rings bridged by ortho nitrogen heteroatoms; used in dyes and larvicides; do not confuse with Phenazine, the drug trade name.
CSP

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deoxyribonukleasa BamHI

One of the Type II site-specific deoxyribonucleases (EC 3.1.21.4). It recognizes and cleaves the sequence G/GATCC at the slash. BamHI is from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens N. Numerous isoschizomers have been identified. EC 3.1.21.-.
MSH

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steroly

Steroids with a hydroxyl group at C-3 and most of the skeleton of cholestane. Additional carbon atoms may be present in the side chain. (IUPAC Steroid Nomenclature, 1987)
MSH

steroids with long (8-10 carbon) aliphatic side chains at position 17 and at least one alcoholic hydroxyl group, usually at position 3; they have lipid-like solubility.
CSP

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postoj k smrti

Conceptual response of the person to the various aspects of death, which are based on individual psychosocial and cultural experience.
MSH

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inbreeding

The mating of plants or non-human animals which are closely related genetically.
MSH

the crossing of closely related plants or animals.
CSP

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fenylbutazon

A butyl-diphenyl-pyrazolidinedione that has anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, and analgesic activities. It has been used in ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS; RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS; and REACTIVE ARTHRITIS.
MSH

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dermatitida léková

Adverse cutaneous reactions caused by ingestion, parenteral use, or local application of a drug. These may assume various morphologic patterns and produce various types of lesions.
MSH

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Enterococcus faecalis

A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens and the human intestinal tract. Most strains are nonhemolytic.
MSH

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Enterococcus faecalis.
NCI

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram positive, cocci shaped bacteria in the phylum Firmicutes. This species is catalase positive, oxidase negative, ferments citrate, does not ferment arabinose or melibiose, reduces tetrazolium and is a lactic acid bacteria. E. faecalis is a leading agent of nosocomial infections in humans.
NCI

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autogenní trénink

Technique based on muscle relaxation during self-hypnotic exercises. It is used in conjunction with psychotherapy.
MSH

method of training to reduce stress and bring the autonomic nervous system under voluntary control.
CSP

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indium – radioisotopy

Unstable isotopes of indium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. In atoms with atomic weights 106-112, 113m, 114, and 116-124 are radioactive indium isotopes.
MSH

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