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osteochondrom

A cartilage-capped benign tumor that often appears as a stalk on the surface of bone. It is probably a developmental malformation rather than a true neoplasm and is usually found in the metaphysis of the distal femur, proximal tibia, or proximal humerus. Osteochondroma is the most common of benign bone tumors.
MSH

A common, benign cartiliginous neoplasm arising from the metaphysis of bone. The tumor grows on the surface of the bone; it may be pedunculated or sessile. It is characterized by the presence of chondrocytes, a cartilage cap, and a fibrous perichondrium that extends to the periosteum of the bone. In some cases, there is deletion of 8q24.1 chromosome locus.
NCI

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mefenytoin

An anticonvulsant effective in tonic-clonic epilepsy (EPILEPSY, TONIC-CLONIC). It may cause blood dyscrasias.
MSH

A heterocyclic organic compound with anticonvulsant property. Although the mechanism of action is not well established, mephenytoin potentially promotes sodium efflux from neurons in motor cortex, and stabilizes the threshold against hyperexcitability caused by excessive stimulation. Thus this agent reduces the membrane sodium gradient and prevents cortical seizure signal spreading. It may cause blood dyscrasias, therefore, this agent was only used after other less toxic anticonvulsants had failed.
NCI

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zubní artikulátory

Mechanical devices that simulate the temporomandibular joints and jaws to which maxillary and mandibular casts are attached. The entire assembly attempts to reproduce the movements of the mandible and the various tooth-to-tooth relationships that accompany those movements.
MSH

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gramnegativní anaerobní baktérie

A large group of anaerobic bacteria which show up as pink (negative) when treated by the Gram-staining method.
MSH

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Senegal

A republic in western Africa, southwest of MAURITANIA and east of MALI. Its capital is Dakar.
MSH

A country in Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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členovci – jedy

Venoms from animals of the phylum Arthropoda. Those most investigated are from scorpions and spiders of the class Arachnidae and from ant, bee, and wasp families of the Insecta order Hymenoptera. The venoms contain protein toxins, enzymes, and other bioactive substances and may be lethal to man.
MSH

poison produced by arthropods, toxic to other living organisms.
CSP

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otolaryngologie

A surgical specialty concerned with the study and treatment of disorders of the ear, nose, and throat.
MSH

A medical specialty concerned with the study and treatment of disorders of the ear, nose, and throat.
NCI

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mezonefros

One of a pair of excretory organs (mesonephroi) which grows caudally to the first pair (PRONEPHROI) during development. Mesonephroi are the permanent kidneys in adult amphibians and fish. In higher vertebrates, proneprhoi and most of mesonephroi degenerate with the appearance of metanephroi. The remaining ducts become WOLFFIAN DUCTS.
MSH

The middle one of the three pairs of embryonic renal organs developed in most vertebrates; its duct system is retained in the male as the epididymis and ductus deferens.
NCI

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zubní otisky – materiály

Substances used to create an impression, or negative reproduction, of the teeth and dental arches. These materials include dental plasters and cements, metallic oxide pastes, silicone base materials, or elastomeric materials.
MSH

substances used to create an impression, or negative reproduction, of the teeth and dental arches; these materials include dental plasters and cements, metallic oxide pastes, silicone base materials, or elastomeric materials.
CSP

Impression material is a device composed of materials such as alginate or polysulfide intended to be placed on a preformed impression tray and used to reproduce the structure of a patient`s teeth and gums. The device is intended to provide models for study and for production of restorative prosthetic devices, such as gold inlays and dentures.
SPN

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Grenada

An island of the West Indies. Its capital is St. George`s. It was discovered in 1498 by Columbus who called it Concepcion. It was held at different times by the French and the British during the 18th century. The British suppressed a native uprising in 1795. It was an associate state of Great Britain 1967-74 but became an independent nation within the British Commonwealth in 1974. The original name referred to the Feast of the Immaculate Conception but it was later renamed for the Spanish kingdom of Granada. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p467 & Room, Brewer`s Dictionary of Names, 1992, p219)
MSH

An island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago. (NCI)
NCI

An island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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sérotypizace

distinguishing microorganisms by the kinds and combinations of constituent antigens present in the cell.
CSP

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Asie

continent of the eastern hemisphere north of the equator forming a single landmass with Europe, the conventional dividing line being the Ural mountains; has numerous large offshore islands, some south of the equator.
CSP

The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer`s Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
MSH

The world`s largest continent; it occupies the eastern part of the Eurasian landmass and its adjacent islands and is separated from Europe by the Ural Mountains. (American Heritage Online Dictionary)
NCI

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vlastnictví

The legal relation between an entity (individual, group, corporation, or-profit, secular, government) and an object. The object may be corporeal, such as equipment, or completely a creature of law, such as a patent; it may be movable, such as an animal, or immovable, such as a building.
MSH

The legal relation in which a person or group entity has a financial interest in, dominion of, or control over an object or property.
NCI

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Metaproterenol Sulfate

The sulfate salt form of metaproterenol, a short-acting and selective sympathomimetic beta-receptor agonist with bronchodilator activity. Metaproterenol sulfate binds beta-2 adrenergic receptors in bronchial smooth muscle and stimulates intracellular adenyl cyclase, thereby increasing the production of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP). Increased cAMP levels cause relaxation of bronchial smooth muscle, improve mucocliary clearance and reduce inflammatory cell mediator release, especially from mast cells.
NCI

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zubní personál

Personnel who provide dental service to patients in an organized facility, institution or agency.
MSH

personnel whose work involves dental health care; includes dentists, hygienists, dental assistants, dental nurses and dental technicians.
CSP

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methakryláty

Acrylic acids or acrylates which are substituted in the C-2 position with a methyl group.
MSH

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dentin sekundární

Dentin formed by normal pulp after completion of root end formation.
MSH

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guanylcyklasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of GTP to 3`,5`-cyclic GMP and pyrophosphate. It also acts on ITP and dGTP. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 4.6.1.2.
MSH

Guanylate cyclase (GC) is an enzyme that converts GTP to the second messenger cyclic GMP (cGMP). There are two forms: plasma membrane GCs that are receptors for hormones, and intracellular soluble GCs that are activated by the gaseous second messenger nitric oxide (NO). EC 4.6.1.2
NCI

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pohlavní předvýběr

Methods for controlling genetic SEX of offspring.
MSH

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astigmatismus

Unequal curvature of the refractive surfaces of the eye. Thus a point source of light cannot be brought to a point focus on the retina but is spread over a more or less diffuse area. This results from the radius of curvature in one plane being longer or shorter than the radius at right angles to it. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

optical defect in which refractive power is not uniform in all directions (meridians); light rays entering the eye are bent unequally by different meridians, which prevents formation of a sharp image focus on the retina.
CSP

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oxypurinol

A xanthine oxidase inhibitor.
MSH

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methohexital

An intravenous anesthetic with a short duration of action that may be used for induction of anesthesia.
MSH

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deoxycytidin

nucleoside component of DNA; composed of cytosine and deoxyribose.
CSP

A drug that protects healthy tissues from the toxic effects of anticancer drugs.
NCI

a drug that protects healthy cells from the toxic effects of anticancer drugs
CHV

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Haemonchus

A genus of parasitic nematode worms which infest the duodenum and stomach of domestic and wild herbivores, which ingest it with the grasses (POACEAE) they eat. Infestation of man is accidental.
MSH

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šok septický

Sepsis associated with HYPOTENSION or hypoperfusion despite adequate fluid resuscitation. Perfusion abnormalities may include, but are not limited to LACTIC ACIDOSIS; OLIGURIA; or acute alteration in mental status.
MSH

shock caused by infection; frequently caused by gram negative bacteria, although some cases have been caused by other bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa; characterized by fever, chills, tachycardia, tachypnea, and hypotension.
CSP

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nodus atrioventricularis

A small nodular mass of specialized muscle fibers located in the interatrial septum near the opening of the coronary sinus. It gives rise to the atrioventricular bundle of the conduction system of the heart.
MSH

small nodular mass of specialized muscle fibers located in the interatrial septum near the opening of the coronary sinus.
CSP

Subdivision of conducting system of heart which is located in the muscular part of the interatrial septum that is continuous with the atrioventricular bundle.
FMA

A small mass of specialized cardiac muscle fibers, located near the ostium of the coronary sinus and giving rise to the atrioventricular bundle of the conduction system of the heart.
NCI

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Bolest v končetině

Painful sensation in the upper or lower extremities.
NCI

A disorder characterized by marked discomfort sensation in the upper or lower extremities.
NCI

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methylhistidiny

Histidine substituted in any position with one or more methyl groups.
MSH

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DEPRESIO NAHASTEAK

An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.
MSH

Depression is a serious medical illness that involves the brain. It`s more than just a feeling of being "down in the dumps" or "blue" for a few days. If you are one of the more than 20 million people in the United States who have depression, the feelings do not go away. They persist and interfere with your everyday life. Symptoms can include

  • Sadness
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in activities you used to enjoy
  • Change in weight
  • Difficulty sleeping or oversleeping
  • Energy loss
  • Feelings of worthlessness
  • Thoughts of death or suicide

Depression is a disorder of the brain. There are a variety of causes, including genetic, environmental, psychological, and biochemical factors. Depression usually starts between the ages of 15 and 30, and is much more common in women. Women can also get postpartum depression after the birth of a baby. Some people get seasonal affective disorder in the winter. Depression is one part of bipolar disorder.

There are effective treatments for depression, including antidepressants and talk therapy. Most people do best by using both.

NIH: National Institute of Mental Health


MEDLINEPLUS

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syndrom mnohočetného hamartomu

A hereditary disease characterized by multiple ectodermal, mesodermal, and endodermal nevoid and neoplastic anomalies. Facial trichilemmomas and papillomatous papules of the oral mucosa are the most characteristic lesions. Individuals with this syndrome have a high risk of BREAST CANCER; THYROID CANCER; and ENDOMETRIAL CANCER. This syndrome is associated with mutations in the gene for PTEN PHOSPHATASE.
MSH

An inherited disorder marked by the formation of many noncancerous growths called hamartomas. These growths occur in the skin, breast, thyroid, colon, intestines, and inside of the mouth. Patients with Cowden syndrome are at increased risk of certain types of cancer, including breast and thyroid.
NCI

An autosomal dominant hereditary syndrome characterized by a variety of hamartomas and neoplasms including verrucous skin lesions, fibromas of the oral cavity, facial trichilemmomas, hamartomatous colonic polyps, thyroid neoplasms, breast cancer, and dysplastic gangliocytomas of the cerebellum.
NCI

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