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salpingitida

Inflammation of the uterine salpinx, the trumpet-shaped FALLOPIAN TUBES, usually caused by ascending infections of organisms from the lower reproductive tract. Salpingitis can lead to tubal scarring, hydrosalpinx, tubal occlusion, INFERTILITY, and ectopic pregnancy (PREGNANCY, ECTOPIC)
MSH

inflammation of the fallopian tubes.
CSP

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viry onkogenní

Viruses that produce tumors.
MSH

viruses that produce tumors; see RTs for specific organisms.
CSP

A virus capable of transforming a cell to a malignant phenotype. (BioTech Life Science Dictionary)
NCI

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zubní artikulátory

Mechanical devices that simulate the temporomandibular joints and jaws to which maxillary and mandibular casts are attached. The entire assembly attempts to reproduce the movements of the mandible and the various tooth-to-tooth relationships that accompany those movements.
MSH

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izometrické cvičení

An exercise that is performed by exerting force against an immovable object or by holding an object in a static position.
NCI

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členovci – jedy

Venoms from animals of the phylum Arthropoda. Those most investigated are from scorpions and spiders of the class Arachnidae and from ant, bee, and wasp families of the Insecta order Hymenoptera. The venoms contain protein toxins, enzymes, and other bioactive substances and may be lethal to man.
MSH

poison produced by arthropods, toxic to other living organisms.
CSP

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Etiopie

An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.
MSH

A country in Eastern Africa, west of Somalia. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Eastern Africa, west of Somalia. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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sarin

An organophosphorus ester compound that produces potent and irreversible inhibition of cholinesterase. It is toxic to the nervous system and is a chemical warfare agent.
MSH

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opisthorchiáza

Infection with flukes of the genus Opisthorchis.
MSH

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zubní otisky – materiály

Substances used to create an impression, or negative reproduction, of the teeth and dental arches. These materials include dental plasters and cements, metallic oxide pastes, silicone base materials, or elastomeric materials.
MSH

substances used to create an impression, or negative reproduction, of the teeth and dental arches; these materials include dental plasters and cements, metallic oxide pastes, silicone base materials, or elastomeric materials.
CSP

Impression material is a device composed of materials such as alginate or polysulfide intended to be placed on a preformed impression tray and used to reproduce the structure of a patient`s teeth and gums. The device is intended to provide models for study and for production of restorative prosthetic devices, such as gold inlays and dentures.
SPN

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novorozenecká žloutenka

Yellow discoloration of the SKIN; MUCOUS MEMBRANE; and SCLERA in the NEWBORN. It is a sign of NEONATAL HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA. Most cases are transient self-limiting (PHYSIOLOGICAL NEONATAL JAUNDICE) occurring in the first week of life, but some can be a sign of pathological disorders, particularly LIVER DISEASES.
MSH

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Asie

continent of the eastern hemisphere north of the equator forming a single landmass with Europe, the conventional dividing line being the Ural mountains; has numerous large offshore islands, some south of the equator.
CSP

The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer`s Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
MSH

The world`s largest continent; it occupies the eastern part of the Eurasian landmass and its adjacent islands and is separated from Europe by the Ural Mountains. (American Heritage Online Dictionary)
NCI

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chlorid ethylrtuťnatý

A highly toxic compound used as a fungicide for treating seeds.
MSH

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ESKIZOFRENIA, EDOZEIN MOTA

A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.
MSH

class of psychoses with disturbance mainly of cognition (content and form of thought, perception, sense of self versus external world, volition) and psychomotor function, rather than affect.
CSP

Schizophrenia is a severe, lifelong brain disorder. People who have it may hear voices, see things that aren`t there or believe that others are reading or controlling their minds. In men, symptoms usually start in the late teens and early 20s. They include hallucinations, or seeing things, and delusions such as hearing voices. For women, they start in the mid-20s to early 30s. Other symptoms include

  • Unusual thoughts or perceptions
  • Disorders of movement
  • Difficulty speaking and expressing emotion
  • Problems with attention, memory and organization

No one is sure what causes schizophrenia, but your genetic makeup and brain chemistry probably play a role. Medicines can relieve many of the symptoms, but it can take several tries before you find the right drug. You can reduce relapses by staying on your medicine for as long as your doctor recommends. With treatment, many people improve enough to lead satisfying lives.

NIH: National Institute of Mental Health


MEDLINEPLUS

A group of severe mental disorders in which a person has trouble telling the difference between real and unreal experiences, thinking logically, having normal emotional responses to others, and behaving normally in social situations. Symptoms include seeing, hearing, feeling things that are not there, having false ideas about what is taking place or who one is, nonsense speech, unusual behavior, lack of emotion, and social withdrawal.
NCI

A major psychotic disorder characterized by abnormalities in the perception or expression of reality. It affects the cognitive and psychomotor functions. Common clinical signs and symptoms include delusions, hallucinations, disorganized thinking, and retreat from reality.
NCI

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orbita – fraktury

Fractures of the bones in the orbit, which include parts of the frontal, ethmoidal, lacrimal, and sphenoid bones and the maxilla and zygoma.
MSH

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zubní personál

Personnel who provide dental service to patients in an organized facility, institution or agency.
MSH

personnel whose work involves dental health care; includes dentists, hygienists, dental assistants, dental nurses and dental technicians.
CSP

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transplantace orgánů

Transference of an organ between individuals of the same species or between individuals of different species.
MSH

A surgical procedure in which tissue or an organ is transferred from one area of a person`s body to another area, or from one person (the donor) to another person (the recipient).
NCI

You may need an organ transplant if one of your own organs has failed. This can happen because of illness or injury. When you have an organ transplant, doctors remove an organ from another person and place it in your body.

The organs that can be transplanted include

People who need an organ transplant often have to wait a long time for one. Doctors must match donors to recipients to reduce the risk of transplant rejection. This is when the recipient`s body turns against the new organ, causing it to fail. People who have transplants must take drugs the rest of their lives to help keep their bodies from rejecting the new organ.


MEDLINEPLUS

The transfer of an organ (or part of one) from one body to another, for the purpose of replacing the recipient`s damaged or failing organ with a working one from the donor. Donors can be living, or cadaveric (dead).
NCI

Transference of a tissue or organ within an individual, between individuals of the same species, or between individuals of different species.
NCI

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dentin sekundární

Dentin formed by normal pulp after completion of root end formation.
MSH

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kyselina kainová

(2S-(2 alpha,3 beta,4 beta))-2-Carboxy-4-(1-methylethenyl)-3-pyrrolidineacetic acid. Ascaricide obtained from the red alga Digenea simplex. It is a potent excitatory amino acid agonist at some types of excitatory amino acid receptors and has been used to discriminate among receptor types. Like many excitatory amino acid agonists it can cause neurotoxicity and has been used experimentally for that purpose.
MSH

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astigmatismus

Unequal curvature of the refractive surfaces of the eye. Thus a point source of light cannot be brought to a point focus on the retina but is spread over a more or less diffuse area. This results from the radius of curvature in one plane being longer or shorter than the radius at right angles to it. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

optical defect in which refractive power is not uniform in all directions (meridians); light rays entering the eye are bent unequally by different meridians, which prevents formation of a sharp image focus on the retina.
CSP

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Excision Repair

Excision Repair mechanisms remove and replace damaged nucleotides from DNA molecules with new nucleotide subunits, e.g., Base Excision Repair, Nucleotide Excision Repair, or SOS Function.
NCI

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sklerodermie systémová

A chronic multi-system disorder of CONNECTIVE TISSUE. It is characterized by SCLEROSIS in the SKIN, the LUNGS, the HEART, the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, the KIDNEYS, and the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM. Other important features include diseased small BLOOD VESSELS and AUTOANTIBODIES. The disorder is named for its most prominent feature (hard skin), and classified into subsets by the extent of skin thickening: LIMITED SCLERODERMA and DIFFUSE SCLERODERMA.
MSH

systemic disorder of the connective tissue; manifested by hardening and thickening of the skin, by abnormalities involving the microvasculature and larger vessels, and by fibrotic degenerative changes in various body organs including the heart, lungs, kidneys, and gastrointestinal tract.
CSP

A chronic disorder, possibly autoimmune, marked by excessive production of collagen which results in hardening and thickening of body tissues. The two types of systemic scleroderma, limited cutaneous and diffuse cutaneous are classified with focus on the extent of affected skin. A relationship exists between the extent of skin area affected and degree of internal organ/system involvement. Systemic scleroderma can manifest itself in pulmonary fibrosis, Raynaud`s syndrome, digestive system telangiectasias, renal hypertension and/or pulmonary hypertension.
NCI

a rare, chronic disease characterized by excessive deposits of collagen in the skin or other organs
CHV

A disease that is marked by hardening and thickening of skin, connective tissue that surrounds other tissues and organs, and blood vessels.
NCI

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ornithindekarboxylasa

A pyridoxal-phosphate protein, believed to be the rate-limiting compound in the biosynthesis of polyamines. It catalyzes the decarboxylation of ornithine to form putrescine, which is then linked to a propylamine moiety of decarboxylated S-adenosylmethionine to form spermidine. EC 4.1.1.17.
MSH

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deoxycytidin

nucleoside component of DNA; composed of cytosine and deoxyribose.
CSP

A drug that protects healthy tissues from the toxic effects of anticancer drugs.
NCI

a drug that protects healthy cells from the toxic effects of anticancer drugs
CHV

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keratokonjunktivitida suchá

Drying and inflammation of the conjunctiva as a result of insufficient lacrimal secretion. When found in association with XEROSTOMIA and polyarthritis, it is called SJOGREN`S SYNDROME.
MSH

WHAT: Keratoconjunctivitis sicca.
AIR

drying and inflammation of the conjunctiva as a result of insufficient lacrimal secretion.
CSP

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nodus atrioventricularis

A small nodular mass of specialized muscle fibers located in the interatrial septum near the opening of the coronary sinus. It gives rise to the atrioventricular bundle of the conduction system of the heart.
MSH

small nodular mass of specialized muscle fibers located in the interatrial septum near the opening of the coronary sinus.
CSP

Subdivision of conducting system of heart which is located in the muscular part of the interatrial septum that is continuous with the atrioventricular bundle.
FMA

A small mass of specialized cardiac muscle fibers, located near the ostium of the coronary sinus and giving rise to the atrioventricular bundle of the conduction system of the heart.
NCI

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extracelulární tekutina

The fluid of the body that is outside of CELLS. It is the external environment for the cells.
MSH

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mazové žlázy

Small, sacculated organs found within the DERMIS. Each gland has a single duct that emerges from a cluster of oval alveoli. Each alveolus consists of a transparent BASEMENT MEMBRANE enclosing epithelial cells. The ducts from most sebaceous glands open into a HAIR FOLLICLE, but some open on the general surface of the SKIN. Sebaceous glands secrete SEBUM.
MSH

small, sacculated organs found within the dermis which secrete sebum; ducts from most sebaceous glands open into a hair follicle but some open on the general surface of the skin.
CSP

Small glands located within the epidermis, and associated with the hair follicle, that produce and secrete an oily substance that lubricates the skin and hair.
NCI

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osmium

Osmium. A very hard, gray, toxic, and nearly infusible metal element, atomic number 76, atomic weight 190.2, symbol Os. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

very hard, gray, toxic and nearly infusible metal; atomic number 76, symbol Os.
CSP

An element with atomic symbol Os, atomic number 76, and atomic weight 190.23.
NCI

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DEPRESIO NAHASTEAK

An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.
MSH

Depression is a serious medical illness that involves the brain. It`s more than just a feeling of being "down in the dumps" or "blue" for a few days. If you are one of the more than 20 million people in the United States who have depression, the feelings do not go away. They persist and interfere with your everyday life. Symptoms can include

  • Sadness
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in activities you used to enjoy
  • Change in weight
  • Difficulty sleeping or oversleeping
  • Energy loss
  • Feelings of worthlessness
  • Thoughts of death or suicide

Depression is a disorder of the brain. There are a variety of causes, including genetic, environmental, psychological, and biochemical factors. Depression usually starts between the ages of 15 and 30, and is much more common in women. Women can also get postpartum depression after the birth of a baby. Some people get seasonal affective disorder in the winter. Depression is one part of bipolar disorder.

There are effective treatments for depression, including antidepressants and talk therapy. Most people do best by using both.

NIH: National Institute of Mental Health


MEDLINEPLUS

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ledviny – kameny

Stones in the KIDNEY, usually formed in the urine-collecting area of the kidney (KIDNEY PELVIS). Their sizes vary and most contains CALCIUM OXALATE.
MSH

A kidney stone is a solid piece of material that forms in the kidney from substances in the urine. It may be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a pearl. Most kidney stones pass out of the body without help from a doctor. But sometimes a stone will not go away. It may get stuck in the urinary tract, block the flow of urine and cause great pain.

The following may be signs of kidney stones that need a doctor`s help:

  • Extreme pain in your back or side that will not go away
  • Blood in your urine
  • Fever and chills
  • Vomiting
  • Urine that smells bad or looks cloudy
  • A burning feeling when you urinate

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by the formation of crystals in the pelvis of the kidney.
NCI

Crystals in the pelvis of the kidney.
NCI

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