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virus Junin

A species of ARENAVIRUS, part of the New World Arenaviruses (ARENAVIRUSES, NEW WORLD), causing Argentinian hemorrhagic fever. The disease is characterized by congestion, edema, generalized lymphadenopathy and hemorrhagic necrosis and is sometimes fatal.
MSH

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koronární jednotky

The hospital unit in which patients with acute cardiac disorders receive intensive care.
MSH

advanced and highly specialized care provided to medical or surgical patients with coronary disorders whose conditions are life-threatening and require comprehensive care and constant monitoring; it is usually administered in specially equipped units of a hospital.
CSP

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viry mozaiky

Viruses which produce a mottled appearance of the leaves of plants.
MSH

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Rhodospirillaceae

A family of phototrophic bacteria, in the order Rhodospirillales, isolated from stagnant water and mud.
MSH

A taxonomic family of photosynthesizing bacterium, the majority of which are purple non-sulfur bacterium, in the phylum Proteobacteria that includes the genera Azospirillium, Inquilinus and Rhodospirillum, among others.
NCI

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anémie hemolytická kongenitální nesférocytární

Any one of a group of congenital hemolytic anemias in which there is no abnormal hemoglobin or spherocytosis and in which there is a defect of glycolysis in the erythrocyte. Common causes include deficiencies in GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATE ISOMERASE; PYRUVATE KINASE; and GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE.
MSH

group of congenital hemolytic anemias in which there is no abnormal hemoglobin or spherocytosis and in which there is a defect of glycolysis in the erythrocyte; in some cases, pyruvate kinase deficiency has been demonstrated; in other cases, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency has been demonstrated.
CSP

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hepatitida A

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by a member of the HEPATOVIRUS genus, HUMAN HEPATITIS A VIRUS. It can be transmitted through fecal contamination of food or water.
MSH

inflammation of the liver due to microorganism infection.
CSP

hepatitis caused by Hepatovirus (Hepatitis A virus); it can be transmitted through fecal contamination of food or water.
CSP

Acute inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus. It is highly contagious and usually contracted through close contact with an infected individual or their feces, contaminated food or water.
NCI

Hepatitis A is one type of hepatitis – a liver disease – caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). The disease is spread primarily through food or water contaminated by stool from an infected person. You can get HAV from

  • Eating food prepared by someone with HAV who did not wash their hands after using the bathroom
  • Having anal/oral sex with someone with HAV
  • Not washing your hands after changing a diaper
  • Drinking contaminated water

HAV can cause swelling of the liver, but it rarely causes lasting damage. You may feel as if you have the flu, or you may have no symptoms at all. It usually gets better on its own after several weeks.

The hepatitis A vaccine can prevent HAV. Healthy habits also make a difference. Wash your hands thoroughly before preparing food, after using the toilet or after changing a diaper. International travelers should be careful about drinking tap water.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

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kosmetické přípravky

Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body`s structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)
MSH

Cosmetics are products you apply to your body to clean it, make it more attractive or change the way it looks. They include

  • Hair dyes
  • Makeup
  • Perfumes
  • Skin-care creams

Products such as dandruff shampoo, fluoride toothpaste and antiperspirant deodorant are both cosmetics and drugs. A good way to tell if you`re buying a cosmetic that is also a drug is to see if the first ingredient listed is an “active ingredient.” The active ingredient is the chemical that makes the product effective, and the manufacturer must have proof that it`s safe for its intended use. To find out all the ingredients in a cosmetic you use, check the container. Manufacturers are required to list them. Labels such as “natural” and “hypoallergenic” have no official meaning. Companies can use them to mean whatever they want.

Food and Drug Administration


MEDLINEPLUS

A substance that is intended to be applied to the body to promote attractiveness without affecting the body`s structure or functions.
NCI

An article intended to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled, or sprayed on or introduced into or otherwise applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness or altering the appearance.
NCI

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dentice – fyziologické jevy

Physiological processes and properties of the DENTITION.
MSH

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Ricin A Chain

One of the two glycoprotein disulfide-linked chains of Ricinus Communis Agglutin II that causes protein synthesis inhibition and cell death. (NCI)
NCI

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aneuploidie

The chromosomal constitution of cells which deviate from the normal by the addition or subtraction of CHROMOSOMES, chromosome pairs, or chromosome fragments. In a normally diploid cell (DIPLOIDY) the loss of a chromosome pair is termed nullisomy (symbol: 2N-2), the loss of a single chromosome is MONOSOMY (symbol: 2N-1), the addition of a chromosome pair is tetrasomy (symbol: 2N+2), the addition of a single chromosome is TRISOMY (symbol: 2N+1).
MSH

chromosomal constitution of cells which deviate from the normal by the addition or subtraction of chromosomes or chromosome pairs.
CSP

The occurrence of one or more extra or missing chromosomes leading to an unbalanced chromosome complement, or any chromosome number that is not an exact multiple of the haploid number (which is 46).
NCI

A chromosomal abnormality in which there is an addition or loss of chromosomes within a set (e.g., 23 + 22 or 23 + 24).
NCI

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kyseliny heptylové

7-carbon saturated monocarboxylic acids.
MSH

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Encephalitozoon cuniculi

A species of parasitic FUNGI. This intracellular parasite is found in the BRAIN; HEART; and KIDNEYS of several MAMMALS. Transmission is probably by ingestion of the spores (SPORES, FUNGAL).
MSH

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Coxsackie Viruses

cause herpangina, aseptic meningitis, pleurodynia, nyalgis, orchitis and myocarditis; divided into groups A and B on basis of disease signs in suckling mice.
CSP

Heterogeneous serotypes of various species in the genus ENTEROVIRUS, found in association with various diseases in man and other animals. The specific coxsackieviruses are distributed among the species HUMAN ENTEROVIRUS A; HUMAN ENTEROVIRUS B; and HUMAN ENTEROVIRUS C. The name is derived from a village in New York State where the virus was first identified.
MSH

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multiinstitucionální systémy

Institutional systems consisting of more than one health facility which have cooperative administrative arrangements through merger, affiliation, shared services, or other collective ventures.
MSH

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riskování

Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
MSH

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anilinhydroxylasa

A drug-metabolizing, cytochrome P-450 enzyme which catalyzes the hydroxylation of aniline to hydroxyaniline in the presence of reduced flavoprotein and molecular oxygen. EC 1.14.14.-.
MSH

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heterochromatin

The portion of chromosome material that remains condensed and is transcriptionally inactive during INTERPHASE.
MSH

regions of the genome that are permanently in a highly condensed condition and are not genetically expressed.
CSP

A compact and highly condensed form of chromatin. [GOC:elh]
GO

A tightly packed area of chromatin that may function to protect chromosome integrity and regulate gene expression.
NCI

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nukleoproteiny

Proteins conjugated with nucleic acids.
MSH

any supramolecular complex of protein and nucleic acid (DNP, RNP); or, any protein usually found closely associated with nucleic acid (e.g., histones).
CSP

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Criglerův-Najjarův syndrom

A familial form of congenital hyperbilirubinemia transmitted as an autosomal recessive trait. It is characterized by icterus and brain damage caused by a glucuronyl transferase deficiency in the liver and faulty bilirubin conjugation.
MSH

A rare autosomal recessive inherited syndrome characterized by abnormalities in the metabolism of bilirubin. It results in the development of jaundice. It may cause brain damage in infancy.
NCI

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myorelaxancia centrální

A heterogeneous group of drugs used to produce muscle relaxation, excepting the neuromuscular blocking agents. They have their primary clinical and therapeutic uses in the treatment of muscle spasm and immobility associated with strains, sprains, and injuries of the back and, to a lesser degree, injuries to the neck. They have been used also for the treatment of a variety of clinical conditions that have in common only the presence of skeletal muscle hyperactivity, for example, the muscle spasms that can occur in MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1991, p358)
MSH

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RNA malá jaderná

Short chains of RNA (100-300 nucleotides long) that are abundant in the nucleus and usually complexed with proteins in snRNPs (RIBONUCLEOPROTEINS, SMALL NUCLEAR). Many function in the processing of messenger RNA precursors. Others, the snoRNAs (RNA, SMALL NUCLEOLAR), are involved with the processing of ribosomal RNA precursors.
MSH

short chains of RNA (100-300 nucleotides long) that are abundant in the nucleus and usually complexed with proteins in small nuclear ribonucleoproteins; many function in the processing of messenger RNA precursors; others, the small nucleolar RNAs, are involved with the processing of ribosomal RNA precursors.
CSP

Small nuclear RNA. A class of abundant small nuclear RNAs involved in RNA processing (splicing, 3` end maturation). These snRNAs associate with specific proteins to form the small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particles (snRNP) directly involved in RNA processing. Seven known snRNAs have been termed U1 through U7 snRNA.
NCI

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hlezenní kloub

The joint that is formed by the inferior articular and malleolar articular surfaces of the TIBIA; the malleolar articular surface of the FIBULA; and the medial malleolar, lateral malleolar, and superior surfaces of the TALUS.
MSH

A gliding joint between the distal ends of the tibia and fibula and the proximal end of the talus. (NCI)
NCI

A gliding joint between the distal ends of the tibia and fibula and the proximal end of the talus.
NCI

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hexosyltransferasy

Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of hexose groups. EC 2.4.1.-.
MSH

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ošetřovatelské zhodnocení

Evaluation of the nature and extent of nursing problems presented by a patient for the purpose of patient care planning.
MSH

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Cruveilhierův-Baumgartenův syndrom

Liver cirrhosis with intrahepatic portal obstruction, HYPERTENSION, and patent UMBILICAL VEINS.
MSH

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mykobakteriofágy

Viruses whose host is one or more Mycobacterium species. They include both temperate and virulent types.
MSH

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tyčinky – zevní segmenty

The portion of a retinal rod cell situated between the ROD INNER SEGMENT and the RETINAL PIGMENT EPITHELIUM. It contains a stack of photosensitive disk membranes laden with RHODOPSIN.
MSH

A portion of the retinal rod cell largely consisting of a stack of discs (membrane infoldings that are incompletely separated in cones) that are continually replenished near the inner segment and that are shed from the distal end and phagocytosed by the pigmented epithelium.
NCI

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anthralin

An anthracene derivative that disrupts MITOCHONDRIA function and structure and is used for the treatment of DERMATOSES, especially PSORIASIS. It may cause FOLLICULITIS.
MSH

A natural anthraquinone derivative, anti-psoriatic and anti-inflammatory Anthralin (dithranol) controls skin growth by reducing DNA synthesis and mitotic activity in the hyperplastic epidermis, restoring a normal rate of cell proliferation and keratinization. Used topically in the treatment of psoriasis, dermatoses, and alopecia areata, it is also used in biomedical research due to its effect on EGFR autophosphorylation. (NCI04)
NCI

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histamin

An amine derived by enzymatic decarboxylation of HISTIDINE. It is a powerful stimulant of gastric secretion, a constrictor of bronchial smooth muscle, a vasodilator, and also a centrally acting neurotransmitter.
MSH

depressor amine derived by enzymatic decarboxylation of histidine, present in the secretory granules of mast cells; a powerful stimulant of gastric secretion, a constrictor of bronchial smooth muscle, a vasodilator, and also a centrally acting neurotransmitter.
CSP

a chemical substance in the body that produces allergic reactions
CHV

A substance that has many effects in the body. It is released from some types of white blood cells during allergic reactions. It causes small blood vessels to dilate (widen) and become leaky, which can cause tissues to swell. It also causes smooth muscles to contract, gastric acid to be made, and the heart rate to increase. Histamine is used in tests for allergies, asthma, and gastric acid secretion. It is a type of neurotransmitter.
NCI

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nylidrin

A beta-adrenergic agonist. Nylidrin causes peripheral vasodilation, a positive inotropic effect, and increased gastric volume of gastric juice. It is used in the treatment of peripheral vascular disorders and premature labor.
MSH

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