Shopping Page. Buy or upgrade website.

Coombsův test

Hemagglutination test in which Coombs` reagent (antiglobulin, or anti-human globulin rabbit immune serum) is added to detect incomplete (non-agglutinating, univalent, blocking) antibodies coating erythrocytes. The direct test is applied to red cells which have been coated with antibody in vivo (e.g., in hemolytic disease of newborn, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, and transfusion reactions). The indirect test is applied to serum to detect the presence of antibody (e.g., in detection of incompatibility in cross-matching tests, detection and identification of irregular antibodies, and in detection of antibodies not identifiable by other means).
MSH

A laboratory test to identify antibodies that can bind to the surface of red blood cells or platelets and destroy them. This test is used to diagnose certain blood disorders in which patients make antibodies to their own red blood cells or platelets. It is also used to determine blood type.
NCI

Hemagglutination test in which Coombs` reagent (antiglobulin, or anti-human globulin rabbit immune serum) is added to detect incomplete (non-agglutinating, univalent, blocking) antibodies coating erythrocytes. The direct test is applied to red cells which have been coated with antibody in vivo (e.g., in hemolytic disease of newborn, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, and transfusion reactions). The indirect test is applied to serum to detect the presence of antibody (e.g., in detection of incompatibility in cross-matching tests, detection and identification of irregular antibodies, and in detection of antibodies not identifiable by other means). (MeSH)
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

thiogalaktosidy

Galactosides in which the oxygen atom linking the sugar and aglycone is replaced by a sulfur atom.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

nervus lingualis

A sensory branch of the MANDIBULAR NERVE, which is part of the trigeminal (5th cranial) nerve. The lingual nerve carries general afferent fibers from the anterior two-thirds of the tongue, the floor of the mouth, and the mandibular gingivae.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

těhotenství – komplikace nádorové

The co-occurrence of pregnancy and NEOPLASMS. The neoplastic disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

noha – dermatózy

Skin diseases of the foot, general or unspecified.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

koronární jednotky

The hospital unit in which patients with acute cardiac disorders receive intensive care.
MSH

advanced and highly specialized care provided to medical or surgical patients with coronary disorders whose conditions are life-threatening and require comprehensive care and constant monitoring; it is usually administered in specially equipped units of a hospital.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

hrudní chirurgie

A surgical specialty concerned with diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the heart, lungs, and esophagus. Two major types of thoracic surgery are classified as pulmonary and cardiovascular.
MSH

A branch of medicine dealing with the use of surgery to treat diseases of the chest and lungs. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

lipolýza

The metabolic process of breaking down LIPIDS to release FREE FATTY ACIDS, the major oxidative fuel for the body. Lipolysis may involve dietary lipids in the DIGESTIVE TRACT, circulating lipids in the BLOOD, and stored lipids in the ADIPOSE TISSUE or the LIVER. A number of enzymes are involved in such lipid hydrolysis, such as LIPASE and LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE from various tissues.
MSH

decomposition or splitting up of fats or lipids.
CSP

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of lipids, compounds soluble in an organic solvent but not, or sparingly, in an aqueous solvent. [GOC:go_curators]
GO

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

anémie hemolytická kongenitální nesférocytární

Any one of a group of congenital hemolytic anemias in which there is no abnormal hemoglobin or spherocytosis and in which there is a defect of glycolysis in the erythrocyte. Common causes include deficiencies in GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATE ISOMERASE; PYRUVATE KINASE; and GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE.
MSH

group of congenital hemolytic anemias in which there is no abnormal hemoglobin or spherocytosis and in which there is a defect of glycolysis in the erythrocyte; in some cases, pyruvate kinase deficiency has been demonstrated; in other cases, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency has been demonstrated.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

předsudek

A preconceived judgment made without adequate evidence and not easily alterable by presentation of contrary evidence.
MSH

attitude or opinion which predisposes an individual to make a preconceived judgment prior to objective evaluation; frequently an irrational attitude of hostility directed against an individual, group, or race or their supposed characteristics; do not confuse with BIAS.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

formazany

Colored azo compounds formed by the reduction of tetrazolium salts. Employing this reaction, oxidoreductase activity can be determined quantitatively in tissue sections by allowing the enzymes to act on their specific substrates in the presence of tetrazolium salts.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

kosmetické přípravky

Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body`s structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)
MSH

Cosmetics are products you apply to your body to clean it, make it more attractive or change the way it looks. They include

  • Hair dyes
  • Makeup
  • Perfumes
  • Skin-care creams

Products such as dandruff shampoo, fluoride toothpaste and antiperspirant deodorant are both cosmetics and drugs. A good way to tell if you`re buying a cosmetic that is also a drug is to see if the first ingredient listed is an “active ingredient.” The active ingredient is the chemical that makes the product effective, and the manufacturer must have proof that it`s safe for its intended use. To find out all the ingredients in a cosmetic you use, check the container. Manufacturers are required to list them. Labels such as “natural” and “hypoallergenic” have no official meaning. Companies can use them to mean whatever they want.

Food and Drug Administration


MEDLINEPLUS

A substance that is intended to be applied to the body to promote attractiveness without affecting the body`s structure or functions.
NCI

An article intended to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled, or sprayed on or introduced into or otherwise applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness or altering the appearance.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

kyselina 1-karboxyglutamová

Found in various tissues, particularly in four blood-clotting proteins including prothrombin, in kidney protein, in bone protein, and in the protein present in various ectopic calcifications.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

kyselina lithocholová

A bile acid formed from chenodeoxycholate by bacterial action, usually conjugated with glycine or taurine. It acts as a detergent to solubilize fats for absorption and is itself absorbed. It is used as cholagogue and choleretic.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

aneuploidie

The chromosomal constitution of cells which deviate from the normal by the addition or subtraction of CHROMOSOMES, chromosome pairs, or chromosome fragments. In a normally diploid cell (DIPLOIDY) the loss of a chromosome pair is termed nullisomy (symbol: 2N-2), the loss of a single chromosome is MONOSOMY (symbol: 2N-1), the addition of a chromosome pair is tetrasomy (symbol: 2N+2), the addition of a single chromosome is TRISOMY (symbol: 2N+1).
MSH

chromosomal constitution of cells which deviate from the normal by the addition or subtraction of chromosomes or chromosome pairs.
CSP

The occurrence of one or more extra or missing chromosomes leading to an unbalanced chromosome complement, or any chromosome number that is not an exact multiple of the haploid number (which is 46).
NCI

A chromosomal abnormality in which there is an addition or loss of chromosomes within a set (e.g., 23 + 22 or 23 + 24).
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

priapismus

A prolonged painful erection that may lasts hours and is not associated with sexual activity. It is seen in patients with SICKLE CELL ANEMIA, advanced malignancy, spinal trauma; and certain drug treatments.
MSH

Persistent and usually painful erection that lasts for at least four hours, in the absence of physical or psychological stimulation. It may be caused by hematologic disorders including sickle cell disease and leukemia, spinal cord injuries, and medications.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

syndrom fragilního X

A condition characterized genotypically by mutation of the distal end of the long arm of the X chromosome (at gene loci FRAXA or FRAXE) and phenotypically by cognitive impairment, hyperactivity, SEIZURES, language delay, and enlargement of the ears, head, and testes. INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY occurs in nearly all males and roughly 50% of females with the full mutation of FRAXA. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p226)
MSH

X-linked recessive disorder characterized by mental retardation and large head, jaw, ears, and testes; premutation alleles in unaffected carriers give rise to significantly amplified repeats in affected progeny.
CSP

Fragile X syndrome is the most common form of inherited mental retardation. A problem with a specific gene causes the disease. Normally, the gene makes a protein you need for brain development. But the mutation causes a person to make little or none of the protein, which results in the symptoms of Fragile X.

People with only a small change in the gene might not show any signs of Fragile X. People with bigger changes can have severe symptoms. These might include

  • Intelligence problems, ranging from learning disabilities to severe mental retardation
  • Social and emotional problems, such as aggression in boys or shyness in girls
  • Speech and language problems, especially in boys

Fragile X has no cure. You can treat some symptoms with educational, behavioral or physical therapy, and with medicines. Getting treatment early for Fragile X can help.

NIH: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development


MEDLINEPLUS

A genetic syndrome caused by mutations in the FMR1 gene which is responsible for the expression of the fragile X mental retardation 1 protein. This protein participates in neural development. This syndrome is manifested with mental, emotional, behavioral, physical, and learning disabilities.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Coxsackie Viruses

cause herpangina, aseptic meningitis, pleurodynia, nyalgis, orchitis and myocarditis; divided into groups A and B on basis of disease signs in suckling mice.
CSP

Heterogeneous serotypes of various species in the genus ENTEROVIRUS, found in association with various diseases in man and other animals. The specific coxsackieviruses are distributed among the species HUMAN ENTEROVIRUS A; HUMAN ENTEROVIRUS B; and HUMAN ENTEROVIRUS C. The name is derived from a village in New York State where the virus was first identified.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

2-naftylamin

A naphthalene derivative with carcinogenic action.
MSH

A synthetic, air-sensitive, colorless crystalline solid that is soluble in hot water, alcohol, ether and many organic solvents. Currently, it is only used in laboratory research. Because the commercial production and use of 2-naphthylamine are banned, the potential for human exposure is low. The general population may be exposed to this chemical through inhalation of emissions from sources where nitrogen-containing organic matter is burned, such as coal furnaces and cigarettes. At greatest risk of occupational exposure to 2-naphthylamine are laboratory technicians and scientists who use it in research. Acute inhalation exposure to high levels of 2-naphthylamine can result in methemoglobinemia, dyspnea, ataxia, hematuria, dysuria and hemorrhagic cystitis. It is known to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05)
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

lokální počítačové sítě

Communications networks connecting various hardware devices together within or between buildings by means of a continuous cable or voice data telephone system.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

anilinhydroxylasa

A drug-metabolizing, cytochrome P-450 enzyme which catalyzes the hydroxylation of aniline to hydroxyaniline in the presence of reduced flavoprotein and molecular oxygen. EC 1.14.14.-.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

prokain

A local anesthetic of the ester type that has a slow onset and a short duration of action. It is mainly used for infiltration anesthesia, peripheral nerve block, and spinal block. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1016).
MSH

local anesthetic of the ester type that has a slow onset and a short duration of action, mainly used for infiltration anesthesia, peripheral nerve block, and spinal block.
CSP

A benzoic acid derivative with local anesthetic and antiarrhythmic properties. Procaine binds to and inhibits voltage-gated sodium channels, thereby inhibiting the ionic flux required for the initiation and conduction of impulses. In addition, this agent increases electrical excitation threshold, reduces rate of rise of action potential and slows nerve impulse propagation thereby causing loss of sensation.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

fruktokinasy

A class of enzymes that catalyzes the phosphorylation of fructose in the presence of ATP. EC 2.7.1.-.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Criglerův-Najjarův syndrom

A familial form of congenital hyperbilirubinemia transmitted as an autosomal recessive trait. It is characterized by icterus and brain damage caused by a glucuronyl transferase deficiency in the liver and faulty bilirubin conjugation.
MSH

A rare autosomal recessive inherited syndrome characterized by abnormalities in the metabolism of bilirubin. It results in the development of jaundice. It may cause brain damage in infancy.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

5,7-dihydroxytryptamin

Tryptamine substituted with two hydroxyl groups in positions 5 and 7. It is a neurotoxic serotonin analog that destroys serotonergic neurons preferentially and is used in neuropharmacology as a tool.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Krvácení v dolní části zažívacího traktu

Bleeding from the lower gastrointestinal tract (small intestine, large intestine, and anus).
NCI

A disorder characterized by bleeding from the lower gastrointestinal tract (small intestine, large intestine, and anus).
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

hlezenní kloub

The joint that is formed by the inferior articular and malleolar articular surfaces of the TIBIA; the malleolar articular surface of the FIBULA; and the medial malleolar, lateral malleolar, and superior surfaces of the TALUS.
MSH

A gliding joint between the distal ends of the tibia and fibula and the proximal end of the talus. (NCI)
NCI

A gliding joint between the distal ends of the tibia and fibula and the proximal end of the talus.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

progerie

An abnormal congenital condition, associated with defects in the LAMIN TYPE A gene, which is characterized by premature aging in children, where all the changes of cell senescence occur. It is manifested by premature greying; hair loss; hearing loss (DEAFNESS); cataracts (CATARACT); ARTHRITIS; OSTEOPOROSIS; DIABETES MELLITUS; atrophy of subcutaneous fat; skeletal hypoplasia; elevated urinary HYALURONIC ACID; and accelerated ATHEROSCLEROSIS. Many affected individuals develop malignant tumors, especially SARCOMA.
MSH

a disease that produces rapid aging, beginning in childhood
CHV

A very rare genetic disorder caused by mutations in the LMNA gene. It is characterized by premature aging. Signs and symptoms include failure to thrive, limited growth, alopecia, wrinkled skin, small face, development of atherosclerosis, and heart disease. There is no cure for this condition. Individuals do not usually survive beyond their early twenties. Death usually occurs as a result of complications from atherosclerosis.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

furagin

Nitrofuran derivative anti-infective agent used for urinary tract infections.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Cruveilhierův-Baumgartenův syndrom

Liver cirrhosis with intrahepatic portal obstruction, HYPERTENSION, and patent UMBILICAL VEINS.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Comments are closed