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nodus atrioventricularis

A small nodular mass of specialized muscle fibers located in the interatrial septum near the opening of the coronary sinus. It gives rise to the atrioventricular bundle of the conduction system of the heart.
MSH

small nodular mass of specialized muscle fibers located in the interatrial septum near the opening of the coronary sinus.
CSP

Subdivision of conducting system of heart which is located in the muscular part of the interatrial septum that is continuous with the atrioventricular bundle.
FMA

A small mass of specialized cardiac muscle fibers, located near the ostium of the coronary sinus and giving rise to the atrioventricular bundle of the conduction system of the heart.
NCI

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Haemonchus

A genus of parasitic nematode worms which infest the duodenum and stomach of domestic and wild herbivores, which ingest it with the grasses (POACEAE) they eat. Infestation of man is accidental.
MSH

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spermin

A biogenic polyamine formed from spermidine. It is found in a wide variety of organisms and tissues and is an essential growth factor in some bacteria. It is found as a polycation at all pH values. Spermine is associated with nucleic acids, particularly in viruses, and is thought to stabilize the helical structure.
MSH

biogenic polyamine formed from spermidine, found in a wide variety of organisms and tissues and an essential growth factor in some bacteria; it is associated with nucleic acids, particularly in viruses, and is thought to stabilize the helical structure.
CSP

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DEPRESIO NAHASTEAK

An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.
MSH

Depression is a serious medical illness that involves the brain. It`s more than just a feeling of being "down in the dumps" or "blue" for a few days. If you are one of the more than 20 million people in the United States who have depression, the feelings do not go away. They persist and interfere with your everyday life. Symptoms can include

  • Sadness
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in activities you used to enjoy
  • Change in weight
  • Difficulty sleeping or oversleeping
  • Energy loss
  • Feelings of worthlessness
  • Thoughts of death or suicide

Depression is a disorder of the brain. There are a variety of causes, including genetic, environmental, psychological, and biochemical factors. Depression usually starts between the ages of 15 and 30, and is much more common in women. Women can also get postpartum depression after the birth of a baby. Some people get seasonal affective disorder in the winter. Depression is one part of bipolar disorder.

There are effective treatments for depression, including antidepressants and talk therapy. Most people do best by using both.

NIH: National Institute of Mental Health


MEDLINEPLUS

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methylhistidiny

Histidine substituted in any position with one or more methyl groups.
MSH

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periapikální absces

Acute or chronic inflammation of tissues surrounding the apical portion of a tooth, associated with the collection of pus, resulting from infection following pulp infection through a carious lesion or as a result of an injury causing pulp necrosis. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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Austrálie

smallest continent, southeast of Asia and south of the equator; an independent country; capital city is Canberra.
CSP

The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
MSH

The continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean. (NCI)
NCI

Description:Realm code for use of Australia


HL7V3.0

The continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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syndrom mnohočetného hamartomu

A hereditary disease characterized by multiple ectodermal, mesodermal, and endodermal nevoid and neoplastic anomalies. Facial trichilemmomas and papillomatous papules of the oral mucosa are the most characteristic lesions. Individuals with this syndrome have a high risk of BREAST CANCER; THYROID CANCER; and ENDOMETRIAL CANCER. This syndrome is associated with mutations in the gene for PTEN PHOSPHATASE.
MSH

An inherited disorder marked by the formation of many noncancerous growths called hamartomas. These growths occur in the skin, breast, thyroid, colon, intestines, and inside of the mouth. Patients with Cowden syndrome are at increased risk of certain types of cancer, including breast and thyroid.
NCI

An autosomal dominant hereditary syndrome characterized by a variety of hamartomas and neoplasms including verrucous skin lesions, fibromas of the oral cavity, facial trichilemmomas, hamartomatous colonic polyps, thyroid neoplasms, breast cancer, and dysplastic gangliocytomas of the cerebellum.
NCI

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páteř – nádory

A primary or metastatic neoplasm that occurs within the spinal canal including the spinal cord and surrounding paraspinal spaces.
NCI

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desmosterol

An intermediate in the synthesis of cholesterol.
MSH

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metronidazol

A nitroimidazole used to treat AMEBIASIS; VAGINITIS; TRICHOMONAS INFECTIONS; GIARDIASIS; ANAEROBIC BACTERIA; and TREPONEMAL INFECTIONS. It has also been proposed as a radiation sensitizer for hypoxic cells. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985, p133), this substance may reasonably be anticipated to be a carcinogen (Merck, 11th ed).
MSH

antiprotozoal and antibacterial effective against obligate anaerobes.
CSP

A drug that is used to treat infection and is being studied in the treatment of cancer. It is a type of antibacterial, antiprotozoal, and anthelmintic.
NCI

a drug that treats bacterial and fungal infection
CHV

A synthetic nitroimidazole derivative with antiprotozoal and antibacterial activities. Although its mechanism of action is not fully elucidated, un-ionized metronidazole is readily taken up by obligate anaerobic organisms and is subsequently reduced by low-redox potential electron-transport proteins to an active, intermediate product. Reduced metronidazole causes DNA strand breaks, thereby inhibiting DNA synthesis and bacterial cell growth. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39503&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39503&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C651″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A synthetic nitroimidazole derivative with antiprotozoal and antibacterial activities. Although its mechanism of action is not fully elucidated, un-ionized metronidazole is readily taken up by obligate anaerobic organisms and is subsequently reduced by low-redox potential electron-transport proteins to an active, intermediate product. Reduced metronidazole causes DNA strand breaks, thereby inhibiting DNA synthesis and bacterial cell growth.
NCI

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parodontální chobot

An abnormal extension of a gingival sulcus accompanied by the apical migration of the epithelial attachment and bone resorption.
MSH

An abnormal deepening of a gingival sulcus associated with destruction of the supporting periodontal tissue.
NCI

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virus ptačí infekční bronchitidy

A species of CORONAVIRUS causing infections in chickens and possibly pheasants. Chicks up to four weeks old are the most severely affected.
MSH

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nebezpečný odpad

Waste products which, upon release into the atmosphere, water or soil, cause health risks to humans or animals through skin contact, inhalation or ingestion. Hazardous waste sites which contain hazardous waste substances go here.
MSH

Even if you use them properly, many chemicals can still harm human health and the environment. When you throw these substances away, they become hazardous waste. Some hazardous wastes come from products in our homes. Our garbage can include such hazardous wastes as old batteries, bug spray cans and paint thinner. U.S. residents generate 1.6 million tons of household hazardous waste per year. Hazardous waste is also a by-product of manufacturing.

You may have hazardous wastes in your basement or garage. How do you get rid of them? Don`t pour them down the drain, flush them or put them in the garbage. See if you can donate or recycle. Many communities have household hazardous waste collection programs. Check to see if there is one in your area.

Environmental Protection Agency


MEDLINEPLUS

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slezina – nemoci

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the spleen.
CSP

Your spleen is an organ above your stomach and under your ribs on your left side. It is about as big as your fist. The spleen is part of your lymphatic system, which fights infection and keeps your body fluids in balance. It contains white blood cells that fight germs. Your spleen also helps control the amount of blood in your body, and destroys old and damaged cells.

Certain diseases might cause your spleen to swell. You can also damage or rupture your spleen in an injury, especially if it is already swollen. If your spleen is too damaged, you might need surgery to remove it. You can live without a spleen. Other organs, such as your liver, will take over some of the spleen`s work. Without a spleen, however, your body will lose some of its ability to fight infections.


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder of the spleen.
NCI

A non-neoplastic or neoplastic disorder affecting the spleen. Examples include infection, hemangioma, lymphoma, leukemia and angiosarcoma.
NCI

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diabetes mellitus 2. typu

subclass of diabetes mellitus that is not insulin responsive or dependent; characterized initially by insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia and eventually by glucose intolerance, hyperglycemia, and overt diabetes; type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults; patients seldom develop ketosis but often exhibit obesity.
CSP

A type of diabetes mellitus that is characterized by insulin resistance or desensitization and increased blood glucose levels. This is a chronic disease that can develop gradually over the life of a patient and can be linked to both environmental factors and heredity.
NCI

Diabetes means your blood glucose, or blood sugar, is too high. With Type 2 diabetes, the more common type, your body does not make or use insulin well. Insulin is a hormone that helps glucose get into your cells to give them energy. Without insulin, too much glucose stays in your blood. Over time, high blood glucose can lead to serious problems with your heart, eyes, kidneys, nerves, gums and teeth.

You have a higher risk of type 2 diabetes if you are older, obese, have a family history of diabetes, or do not exercise.

The symptoms of type 2 diabetes appear slowly. Some people do not notice symptoms at all. The symptoms can include

  • Being very thirsty
  • Urinating often
  • Feeling very hungry or tired
  • Losing weight without trying
  • Having sores that heal slowly
  • Having blurry eyesight

A blood test can show if you have diabetes. Many people can manage their diabetes through healthy eating, physical activity, and blood glucose testing. Some people also need to take diabetes medicines.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
MSH

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mikrochemie

The development and use of techniques and equipment to study or perform chemical reactions, with small quantities of materials, frequently less than a milligram or a milliliter.
MSH

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peroxidy

A group of compounds that contain a bivalent O-O group, i.e., the oxygen atoms are univalent. They can either be inorganic or organic in nature. Such compounds release atomic (nascent) oxygen readily. Thus they are strong oxidizing agents and fire hazards when in contact with combustible materials, especially under high-temperature conditions. The chief industrial uses of peroxides are as oxidizing agents, bleaching agents, and initiators of polymerization. (From Hawley`s Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
MSH

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azidy

Organic or inorganic compounds that contain the -N3 group.
MSH

group of compounds that contain the -N3 group.
CSP

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zdravotnické plánování – rady

Organized groups serving in advisory capacities related to health planning activities.
MSH

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Saint Helena Islands

Islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, about midway between South America and Africa. (NCI)
NCI

Islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, about midway between South America and Africa. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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dialýza

A process of selective diffusion through a membrane. It is usually used to separate low-molecular-weight solutes which diffuse through the membrane from the colloidal and high-molecular-weight solutes which do not. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

process of selective diffusion through a membrane; it is usually used to separate low molecular weight solutes which diffuse through the membrane from the colloidal and high molecular weight solutes which do not; for therapeutic dialysis use DIALYSIS THERAPY
CSP

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mikroskopie ultrafialová

Microscopy in which the image is formed by ultraviolet radiation and is displayed and recorded by means of photographic film.
MSH

microscopy in which the image is formed by ultraviolet radiation.
CSP

The study and photographing of microscope specimens in ultraviolet light. It is particularly useful when all parts of the specimen viewed are equally transparent in the visible region. (The Photonics Dictionary)
NCI

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petechie

Pinpoint, unraised, round red spots under the skin caused by bleeding.
NCI

Pinpoint, flat, round red spots under the skin caused by bleeding
CHV

Purple or red pinpoint spots in the skin or mucous membranes caused by minor hemorrhage.
NCI

Pinhead size (3 mm) skin discolorization due to hemorrhage.
MSH

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záda

posterior part of the trunk from the neck to the pelvis.
CSP

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nedoslýchavost percepční

Hearing loss resulting from damage to the COCHLEA and the sensorineural elements which lie internally beyond the oval and round windows. These elements include the AUDITORY NERVE and its connections in the BRAINSTEM.
MSH

due to lesions of the cochlea and the auditory division of the eighth cranial nerve; problem of cellular dysfunction rather than airborne conduction.
CSP

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státní lékařství

A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.
MSH

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dibutylftalát

A plasticizer used in most plastics and found in water, air, soil, plants and animals. It may have some adverse effects with long-term exposure.
MSH

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vojenské ošetřovatelství

The practice of nursing in military environments.
MSH

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farynx – nemoci

Pathological processes involving the PHARYNX.
MSH

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