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sulfacetamid

An anti-infective agent that is used topically to treat skin infections and orally for urinary tract infections.
MSH

A synthetic sulfanylacetamide derivative with bacteriostatic activity. Sulfacetamide inhibits bacterial folic acid synthesis by competing with para amino benzoic acid. With a broad spectrum of action, it is used as an anti-infective topical agent to treat skin infections and as an oral agent for urinary tract infections. (NCI04)
NCI

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poplatky farmaceutické

Amounts charged to the patient or third-party payer for medication. It includes the pharmacist`s professional fee and cost of ingredients, containers, etc.
MSH

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tělesná zdatnost

The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.
MSH

state of well-being in which performance is optimal, often as a result of physical conditioning which may be prescribed for disease therapy.
CSP

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koliciny

Bacteriocins elaborated by strains of Escherichia coli and related species. They are proteins or protein-lipopolysaccharide complexes lethal to other strains of the same species.
MSH

group of bacteriocins elaborated by strains of Escherichia coli and related species; proteins or protein-lipopolysaccharide complexes lethal to other strains of the same species.
CSP

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laryngální svaly

The striated muscle groups which move the LARYNX as a whole or its parts, such as altering tension of the VOCAL CORDS, or size of the slit (RIMA GLOTTIDIS).
MSH

intrinsic muscles of the larynx are the vocal, aryepiglottic, arytenoid, cricoarytenoid, cricothyroid, thyroarytenoid, and thyroepiglottic.
CSP

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sulfisomidin

A sulfanilamide antibacterial agent.
MSH

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ferredoxin-NADP-reduktasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation and reduction of FERREDOXIN or ADRENODOXIN in the presence of NADP. EC 1.18.1.2 was formerly listed as EC 1.6.7.1 and EC 1.6.99.4.
MSH

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fytosteroly

A class of organic compounds known as STEROLS or STEROIDS derived from plants.
MSH

A class of dietary sterols present in plants with chemical structures nearly identical to cholesterol.
NCI

Any sterol found in the plant kingdom.
NCI

A plant-based compound that can compete with dietary cholesterol to be absorbed by the intestines, resulting in lower blood cholesterol levels. Phytosterols may have some effect in cancer prevention. Also called plant sterol.
NCI

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kolorektální chirurgie

A surgical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders and abnormalities of the COLON; RECTUM; and ANAL CANAL.
MSH

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lawrencium

Lawrencium. A radioactive actinide discovered in 1961. It has the atomic symbol Lr, atomic number 103, and atomic weight of 257. There are two isotopes with mass number 257 or 258, and mass number 256.
MSH

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superego

The component of the personality associated with ethics, standards, and self-criticism – the “conscience”. It is derived mainly from identification with parents and parent substitutes.
MSH

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fétus – makrozomie

A condition of fetal overgrowth leading to a large-for-gestational-age FETUS. It is defined as BIRTH WEIGHT greater than 4,000 grams or above the 90th percentile for population and sex-specific growth curves. It is commonly seen in GESTATIONAL DIABETES; PROLONGED PREGNANCY; and pregnancies complicated by pre-existing diabetes mellitus.
MSH

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piperazine

saturated 6-membered ring structure with 2 nitrogen atoms.
CSP

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ductus choledochus

The largest bile duct. It is formed by the junction of the CYSTIC DUCT and the COMMON HEPATIC DUCT.
MSH

A tube that carries bile from the liver and the gallbladder through the pancreas and into the duodenum (the upper part of the small intestine). It is formed where the ducts from the liver and gallbladder are joined. It is part of the biliary duct system.
NCI

Bile ducts are passageways that carry bile. Two major bile ducts come together into a “trunk”-the common bile duct which empties into the upper part of the small intestine (the part next to the stomach).
NCI

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legionářská nemoc

An acute, sometimes fatal, pneumonia-like bacterial infection characterized by high fever, malaise, muscle aches, respiratory disorders and headache. It is named for an outbreak at the 1976 Philadelphia convention of the American Legion.
MSH

Legionnaires` disease is a type of pneumonia caused by bacteria. You usually get it by breathing in mist from water that contains the bacteria. The mist may come from hot tubs, showers or air-conditioning units for large buildings. The bacteria don`t spread from person to person.

Symptoms of Legionnaires` disease include fever, chills, a cough and sometimes muscle aches and headaches. Other types of pneumonia have similar symptoms. You will probably need a chest x-ray to diagnose the pneumonia. Lab tests can detect the specific bacteria that cause Legionnaires` disease.

The bacteria are more likely to make you sick if you

  • Are older than 65
  • Smoke
  • Have a lung disease
  • Have a weak immune system

Legionnaires` disease is serious and can be life-threatening. However, most people recover with antibiotic treatment.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


MEDLINEPLUS

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chirurgické oddělení nemocnice

Hospital department which administers all departmental functions and the provision of surgical diagnostic and therapeutic services.
MSH

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fibrocystická nemoc prsu

A common condition marked by benign (not cancer) changes in breast tissue. These changes may include irregular lumps or cysts, breast discomfort, sensitive nipples, and itching. These symptoms may change throughout the menstrual cycle and usually stop after menopause.
NCI

A common and benign breast disease characterized by varying degree of fibrocystic changes in the breast tissue. There are three major patterns of morphological changes, including FIBROSIS, formation of CYSTS, and proliferation of glandular tissue (adenosis). The fibrocystic breast has a dense irregular, lumpy, bumpy consistency.
MSH

Fibrosis associated with cyst formation in the breast parenchyma. — 2003
NCI

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GIBERT EN PITIRIASIS ARROSATUA

A mild exanthematous inflammation of unknown etiology. It is characterized by the presence of salmon-colored maculopapular lesions. The most striking feature is the arrangement of the lesions such that the long axis is parallel to the lines of cleavage. The eruptions are usually generalized, affecting chiefly the trunk, and the course is often self-limiting.
MSH

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syndromy lože

Conditions in which increased pressure within a limited space compromises the BLOOD CIRCULATION and function of tissue within that space. Some of the causes of increased pressure are TRAUMA, tight dressings, HEMORRHAGE, and exercise. Sequelae include nerve compression (NERVE COMPRESSION SYNDROMES); PARALYSIS; and ISCHEMIC CONTRACTURE.
MSH

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implantace nitrooční čočky

Insertion of an artificial lens to replace the natural CRYSTALLINE LENS after CATARACT EXTRACTION or to supplement the natural lens which is left in place.
MSH

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přežití

Continuance of life or existence especially under adverse conditions; includes methods and philosophy of survival.
MSH

In cancer, survivorship covers the physical, psychosocial, and economic issues of cancer, from diagnosis until the end of life. It focuses on the health and life of a person with cancer beyond the diagnosis and treatment phases. Survivorship includes issues related to the ability to get health care and follow-up treatment, late effects of treatment, second cancers, and quality of life. Family members, friends, and caregivers are also part of the survivorship experience.
NCI

Continuance of life or existence especially under adverse conditions; includes methods and philosophy of survival.
NCI

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finanční podpora

The provision of monetary resources including money or capital and credit; obtaining or furnishing money or capital for a purchase or enterprise and the funds so obtained. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)
MSH

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viry rostlin

Viruses parasitic on plants higher than bacteria.
MSH

viruses that replicate in and may produce diseases of higher plants; see RTs for specific organisms.
CSP

Viruses that replicate in and may produce diseases of higher plants.
NCI

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zkouška hemolytické aktivity komplementu

A screening assay for circulating COMPLEMENT PROTEINS. Diluted SERUM samples are added to antibody-coated ERYTHROCYTES and the percentage of cell lysis is measured. The values are expressed by the so called CH50, in HEMOLYTIC COMPLEMENT units per milliliter, which is the dilution of serum required to lyse 50 percent of the erythrocytes in the assay.
MSH

A screening assay for circulating complement proteins in which diluted serum samples are added to antibody-coated erythrocytes and the percentage of cell lysis is measured. The values are expressed in hemolytic complement units per milliliter (CH50), the dilution of serum required to lyse 50 percent of the erythrocytes in the assay.
NCI

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leucin

An essential branched-chain amino acid important for hemoglobin formation.
MSH

essential branched-chain amino acid important for hemoglobin formation.
CSP

Amino acid with side chain -CH2CH(CH3)2.
NCI

One of nine essential amino acids in humans (provided by food), Leucine is important for protein synthesis and many metabolic functions. Leucine contributes to regulation of blood-sugar levels; growth and repair of muscle and bone tissue; growth hormone production; and wound healing. Leucine also prevents breakdown of muscle proteins after trauma or severe stress and may be beneficial for individuals with phenylketonuria. Leucine is available in many foods and deficiency is rare. (NCI04)
NCI

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sympatický nervový systém

The thoracolumbar division of the autonomic nervous system. Sympathetic preganglionic fibers originate in neurons of the intermediolateral column of the spinal cord and project to the paravertebral and prevertebral ganglia, which in turn project to target organs. The sympathetic nervous system mediates the body`s response to stressful situations, i.e., the fight or flight reactions. It often acts reciprocally to the parasympathetic system.
MSH

portion of the autonomic nervous system that receives its fibers of connection with the central nervous system through the thoracolumbar outflow of visceral efferent fibers; sympathetic preganglionic fibers originate in neurons of the intermediolateral column of the spinal cord and project to the paravertebral and prevertebral ganglia, which in turn project to target organs; the sympathetic nervous system mediates the body`s response to stressful situations, i.e, the fight or flight reactions, and often acts reciprocally to the parasympathetic system.
CSP

The part of the nervous system that increases heart rate, blood pressure, breathing rate, and pupil size. It also causes blood vessels to narrow and decreases digestive juices.
NCI

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hasicí látky

Materials applied to fabrics, bedding, furniture, plastics, etc. to retard their burning; many may leach out and cause allergies or other harm.
MSH

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faktor aktivující trombocyty

A phospholipid derivative formed by PLATELETS; BASOPHILS; NEUTROPHILS; MONOCYTES; and MACROPHAGES. It is a potent platelet aggregating agent and inducer of systemic anaphylactic symptoms, including HYPOTENSION; THROMBOCYTOPENIA; NEUTROPENIA; and BRONCHOCONSTRICTION.
MSH

produced in response to specific stimuli by a variety of cell types, including neutrophils, basophils, platelets, and endothelial cells; several molecular species of platelet activating factor have been identified which vary in the length of the O-alkyl side chain; an important mediator of bronchoconstriction.
CSP

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koncentrační tábory

Facilities in which war or political prisoners are confined.
MSH

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leukémie pre-B-buněčná

A leukemia/lymphoma found predominately in children and adolescents and characterized by a high number of lymphoblasts and solid tumor lesions. Frequent sites involve LYMPH NODES, skin, and bones. It most commonly presents as leukemia.
MSH

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