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INPETIGOA

A common superficial bacterial infection caused by STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS or group A beta-hemolytic streptococci. Characteristics include pustular lesions that rupture and discharge a thin, amber-colored fluid that dries and forms a crust. This condition is commonly located on the face, especially about the mouth and nose.
MSH

Impetigo is a skin infection caused by bacteria. Usually the cause is staphylococcal (staph) but sometimes streptococcus (strep) can cause it, too. It is most common in children between the ages of two and six. It usually starts when bacteria get into a break in the skin, such as a cut, scratch or insect bite.

Symptoms start with red or pimple-like sores surrounded by red skin. These sores can be anywhere, but usually they occur on your face, arms and legs. The sores fill with pus, then break open after a few days and form a thick crust. They are often itchy, but scratching them can spread the sores. Impetigo can spread by contact with sores or nasal discharge from an infected person. You can treat impetigo with antibiotics.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

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Dientamoeba

A genus of minute EUKARYOTES that are characterized by the preponderance of binucleate over uninucleate forms, the presence of several distinct granules in the karyosome, and the lack of a cystic stage. It is parasitic in the large intestine of humans and certain monkeys.
MSH

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T-lymfocyty

lymphocytes responsible for cell-mediated immunity, formed when lymphocytes circulate through the thymus gland and differentiate to thymocytes; when exposed to an antigen, they divide rapidly and produce large numbers of new T cells sensitized to that antigen.
CSP

Lymphocytes responsible for cell-mediated immunity. Two types have been identified – cytotoxic (T-LYMPHOCYTES, CYTOTOXIC) and helper T-lymphocytes (T-LYMPHOCYTES, HELPER-INDUCER). They are formed when lymphocytes circulate through the THYMUS GLAND and differentiate to thymocytes. When exposed to an antigen, they divide rapidly and produce large numbers of new T cells sensitized to that antigen.
MSH

A type of immune cell that can attack foreign cells, cancer cells, and cells infected with a virus. T lymphocytes can also help control immune responses. A T lymphocyte is a type of white blood cell.
NCI

A thymocyte-derived lymphocyte of immunological importance that is long-lived (months to years) and is responsible for cell-mediated immunity. T lymphocyte cells form rosettes with sheep erythrocytes and, in the presence of transforming agents (mitogens), differentiate and divide. These cells have the characteristic T3 surface marker and may be further divided into subsets according to function, such as helper, cytotoxic, etc.
NCI

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Bartterův syndrom

transmitted as an autosomal recessive trait; characterized by hypertrophy and hyperplasia of the juxtaglomerular cells, and increased concentrations of renin, angiotensin II, and aldosterone in the absence of edema and hypertension.
CSP

A rare inherited syndrome characterized by juxtaglomerular cell hyperplasia, hyperaldosteronism, hypokalemia, and alkalosis. Patients have high levels of plasma renin concentration which is not associated with hypertension.
NCI

A group of disorders caused by defective salt reabsorption in the ascending LOOP OF HENLE. It is characterized by severe salt-wasting, HYPOKALEMIA; HYPERCALCIURIA; metabolic ALKALOSIS, and hyper-reninemic HYPERALDOSTERONISM without HYPERTENSION. There are several subtypes including ones due to mutations in the renal specific SODIUM-POTASSIUM-CHLORIDE SYMPORTERS.
MSH

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Pleuronectus

Genus of Pleuronectidae including plaice and English sole.
MSH

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Indiana

A state in the north central United States. Its capital is Indianapolis.
NCI

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rozšiřování inovací

The broad dissemination of new ideas, procedures, techniques, materials, and devices and the degree to which these are accepted and used.
MSH

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tandemové repetitivní sekvence

Copies of DNA sequences which lie adjacent to each other in the same orientation (direct tandem repeats) or in the opposite direction to each other (INVERTED TANDEM REPEATS).
MSH

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přeměna lůžek

The reallocation of beds from one type of care service to another, as in converting acute care beds to long term care beds.
MSH

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podofylin

Caustic extract from the roots of Podophyllum peltatum and P. emodi. It contains PODOPHYLLOTOXIN and its congeners and is very irritating to mucous membranes and skin. Podophyllin is a violent purgative that may cause CNS damage and teratogenesis. It is used as a paint for warts, skin neoplasms, and senile keratoses.
MSH

caustic extract from the roots of Podophyllum species; it contains podophyllotoxin and its congeners and is very irritating to mucous membranes and skin; it is a violent purgative that may cause CNS damage and teratogenesis; used as a paint for warts, skin neoplasms, and senile keratoses.
CSP

A resin extracted from the root of the plant Podophyllum sp. Berberidaceae (mandrake), which contains numerous compounds, among which podophyllotoxin is the principal active component. Podophyllin arrests mitosis in metaphase. Podophyllotoxin offers advantages over podophyllin in terms of purity, stability and lack of systemic toxicity. (NCI04)
NCI

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kojenecká mortalita

Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
MSH

all human infant deaths reported in a given population; statistically reported.
CSP

Any disease or condition resulting in postnatal death before age 1 yr. (NCI)
NCI

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dihydropteroátsynthasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of dihydropteroate from p-aminobenzoic acid and dihydropteridine-hydroxymethyl-pyrophosphate. EC 2.5.1.15.
MSH

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učební pomůcky

Instructional materials used in teaching.
MSH

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Bender-Gestalt test

A psychological test consisting of nine geometric designs on cards. The subject is asked to redraw them from memory after each one is presented individually.
MSH

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poly C

A group of cytosine ribonucleotides in which the phosphate residues of each cytosine ribonucleotide act as bridges in forming diester linkages between the ribose moieties.
MSH

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informace – šíření

The circulation or wide dispersal of information.
MSH

circulation or wide dispersal of information.
CSP

For information to be useful, not only does it need to be made available at the right time to those who need it such as policy makers, program planners, and health professionals, and patients but it has to be in the right form. Information Dissemination includes both research into means of information distribution and the actual distribution of information.
NCI

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dimethylpolysiloxany

Silicone polymers which consist of silicon atoms substituted with methyl groups and linked by oxygen atoms. They comprise a series of biocompatible materials used as liquids, gels or solids; as film for artificial membranes, gels for implants, and liquids for drug vehicles; and as antifoaming agents.
MSH

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střídmost

Abstinence from alcohol.
MSH

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benzoin

A white crystalline compound prepared by condensation of benzaldehyde in potassium cyanide and used in organic syntheses. This should not be confused with benzoin gum from STYRAX.
MSH

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kyselina polyglutamová

A peptide that is a homopolymer of glutamic acid.
MSH

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injekce subkutánní

Forceful administration under the skin of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through a hollow needle piercing the skin.
MSH

Injection, subcutaneous


HL7V3.0

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difterický antitoxin

An antitoxin produced against the toxin of CORYNEBACTERIUM DIPHTHERIAE that is used for the treatment of DIPHTHERIA.
MSH

diphtheria antitoxin


HL7V3.0

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péče o umírající

Medical and nursing care of patients in the terminal stage of an illness.
MSH

treatment of patients who are suffering from fatal, incurable illnesses; terminal patient care deals heavily with issues such as pain management and addressing the emotional and psychological needs of patient and family.
CSP

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berylium

Beryllium. An element with the atomic symbol Be, atomic number 4, and atomic weight 9.01218. Short exposure to this element can lead to a type of poisoning known as BERYLLIOSIS.
MSH

metallic element with the atomic symbol Be, atomic number 4, and atomic weight 9.01218; used in electronic devices and lasers and for windows in X-ray tubes, as well as in spacecraft construction for its high ratio of strength to weight; exposure to the element or its salts can lead to berylliosis.
CSP

AN element with atomic symbol Be, atomic number 4, and atomic weight 9.01
NCI

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polyradikuloneuropatie

Diseases characterized by injury or dysfunction involving multiple peripheral nerves and nerve roots. The process may primarily affect myelin or nerve axons. Two of the more common demyelinating forms are acute inflammatory polyradiculopathy (GUILLAIN-BARRE SYNDROME) and POLYRADICULONEUROPATHY, CHRONIC INFLAMMATORY DEMYELINATING. Polyradiculoneuritis refers to inflammation of multiple peripheral nerves and spinal nerve roots.
MSH

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inseminace umělá

Artificial introduction of SEMEN or SPERMATOZOA into the VAGINA to facilitate FERTILIZATION.
MSH

Introduction of sperm into the female reproductive tract by artificial means in order to achieve fertilization.
NCI

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nemoc

A definite pathologic process with a characteristic set of signs and symptoms. It may affect the whole body or any of its parts, and its etiology, pathology, and prognosis may be known or unknown.
MSH

Any abnormal condition of the body or mind that causes discomfort, dysfunction, or distress to the person affected or those in contact with the person. The term is often used broadly to include injuries, disabilities, syndromes, symptoms, deviant behaviors, and atypical variations of structure and function.
NCI

top term heading for all specific disorders and diseases; a disease is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of any part, organ or system (or combination thereof) of the body that is manifested by a characteristic set of symptoms and signs; a disorder is a derangement or abnormality of function.
CSP

In medicine, a health problem with certain characteristics or symptoms.
NCI

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tetradekanoylforbolacetát

A phorbol ester found in CROTON OIL with very effective tumor promoting activity. It stimulates the synthesis of both DNA and RNA.
MSH

A substance being studied in the treatment of leukemias and lymphomas. It is also being studied in the treatment of other types of cancer. Tetradecanoylphorbol acetate affects many cell actions and may cause tumor cells to die. It is a type of phorbol ester.
NCI

A phorbol ester with potential antineoplastic effects. Tetradecanoylphorbol acetate (TPA) induces maturation and differentiation of hematopoietic cell lines, including leukemic cells. This agent may induce gene expression and protein kinase C (PKC) activity. In addition to potential antineoplastic effects, TPA may exhibit tumor promoting activity. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=43661&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=43661&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C866″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A phorbol ester with potential antineoplastic effects. Tetradecanoylphorbol acetate (TPA) induces maturation and differentiation of hematopoietic cell lines, including leukemic cells. This agent may induce gene expression and protein kinase C (PKC) activity. In addition to potential antineoplastic effects, TPA may exhibit tumor promoting activity. (NCI04)
NCI

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dibenzyly

Compounds with 1,2-diphenylethane. They are structurally like reduced STILBENES.
MSH

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populace – surveillance

Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
MSH

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