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legionářská nemoc

An acute, sometimes fatal, pneumonia-like bacterial infection characterized by high fever, malaise, muscle aches, respiratory disorders and headache. It is named for an outbreak at the 1976 Philadelphia convention of the American Legion.
MSH

Legionnaires` disease is a type of pneumonia caused by bacteria. You usually get it by breathing in mist from water that contains the bacteria. The mist may come from hot tubs, showers or air-conditioning units for large buildings. The bacteria don`t spread from person to person.

Symptoms of Legionnaires` disease include fever, chills, a cough and sometimes muscle aches and headaches. Other types of pneumonia have similar symptoms. You will probably need a chest x-ray to diagnose the pneumonia. Lab tests can detect the specific bacteria that cause Legionnaires` disease.

The bacteria are more likely to make you sick if you

  • Are older than 65
  • Smoke
  • Have a lung disease
  • Have a weak immune system

Legionnaires` disease is serious and can be life-threatening. However, most people recover with antibiotic treatment.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


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peroxidy

A group of compounds that contain a bivalent O-O group, i.e., the oxygen atoms are univalent. They can either be inorganic or organic in nature. Such compounds release atomic (nascent) oxygen readily. Thus they are strong oxidizing agents and fire hazards when in contact with combustible materials, especially under high-temperature conditions. The chief industrial uses of peroxides are as oxidizing agents, bleaching agents, and initiators of polymerization. (From Hawley`s Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
MSH

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cefamyciny

Naturally occurring family of beta-lactam cephalosporin-type antibiotics having a 7-methoxy group and possessing marked resistance to the action of beta-lactamases from gram-positive and gram-negative organisms.
MSH

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fibrocystická nemoc prsu

A common condition marked by benign (not cancer) changes in breast tissue. These changes may include irregular lumps or cysts, breast discomfort, sensitive nipples, and itching. These symptoms may change throughout the menstrual cycle and usually stop after menopause.
NCI

A common and benign breast disease characterized by varying degree of fibrocystic changes in the breast tissue. There are three major patterns of morphological changes, including FIBROSIS, formation of CYSTS, and proliferation of glandular tissue (adenosis). The fibrocystic breast has a dense irregular, lumpy, bumpy consistency.
MSH

Fibrosis associated with cyst formation in the breast parenchyma. — 2003
NCI

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Saint Helena Islands

Islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, about midway between South America and Africa. (NCI)
NCI

Islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, about midway between South America and Africa. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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implantace nitrooční čočky

Insertion of an artificial lens to replace the natural CRYSTALLINE LENS after CATARACT EXTRACTION or to supplement the natural lens which is left in place.
MSH

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petechie

Pinpoint, unraised, round red spots under the skin caused by bleeding.
NCI

Pinpoint, flat, round red spots under the skin caused by bleeding
CHV

Purple or red pinpoint spots in the skin or mucous membranes caused by minor hemorrhage.
NCI

Pinhead size (3 mm) skin discolorization due to hemorrhage.
MSH

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Cerebrale pedunkel/ pedunculus cerebri

The cerebral crus is the most anterior portion of the midbrain which consists of a massive band of nerve fibers originating primarily from the cerebral cortex.
FMA

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finanční podpora

The provision of monetary resources including money or capital and credit; obtaining or furnishing money or capital for a purchase or enterprise and the funds so obtained. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)
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státní lékařství

A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.
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leucin

An essential branched-chain amino acid important for hemoglobin formation.
MSH

essential branched-chain amino acid important for hemoglobin formation.
CSP

Amino acid with side chain -CH2CH(CH3)2.
NCI

One of nine essential amino acids in humans (provided by food), Leucine is important for protein synthesis and many metabolic functions. Leucine contributes to regulation of blood-sugar levels; growth and repair of muscle and bone tissue; growth hormone production; and wound healing. Leucine also prevents breakdown of muscle proteins after trauma or severe stress and may be beneficial for individuals with phenylketonuria. Leucine is available in many foods and deficiency is rare. (NCI04)
NCI

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farynx – nemoci

Pathological processes involving the PHARYNX.
MSH

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ZERBIZITISA/GARONDOKO EROSIO/UMONTZI LEPOKO BESTE ERITASUN

deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the cervix.
CSP

The cervix is the lower part of the uterus, the place where a baby grows during pregnancy. The cervix has a small opening that expands during childbirth. It also allows menstrual blood to leave a woman`s body.

Your healthcare provider may perform a Pap test during your health checkup to look for changes to the cells of the cervix, including cervical cancer. Other problems with the cervix include:

  • Cervicitis: inflammation of the cervix
  • Cervical incompetence: widening of the cervical opening during pregnancy long before the baby is due
  • Cervical polyps and cysts: abnormal growths on the cervix


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Pathological processes of the UTERINE CERVIX.
MSH

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hasicí látky

Materials applied to fabrics, bedding, furniture, plastics, etc. to retard their burning; many may leach out and cause allergies or other harm.
MSH

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steroid-21-hydroxylasa

An adrenal microsomal cytochrome P450 enzyme that catalyzes the 21-hydroxylation of steroids in the presence of molecular oxygen and NADPH-FERRIHEMOPROTEIN REDUCTASE. This enzyme, encoded by CYP21 gene, converts progesterones to precursors of adrenal steroid hormones (CORTICOSTERONE; HYDROCORTISONE). Defects in CYP21 cause congenital adrenal hyperplasia (ADRENAL HYPERPLASIA, CONGENITAL).
MSH

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leukémie pre-B-buněčná

A leukemia/lymphoma found predominately in children and adolescents and characterized by a high number of lymphoblasts and solid tumor lesions. Frequent sites involve LYMPH NODES, skin, and bones. It most commonly presents as leukemia.
MSH

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fenoxybenzamin

An alpha-adrenergic antagonist with long duration of action. It has been used to treat hypertension and as a peripheral vasodilator.
MSH

A synthetic, dibenzamine alpha adrenergic antagonist with antihypertensive and vasodilatory properties. Phenoxybenzamine non-selectively and irreversibly blocks the postsynaptic alpha-adrenergic receptor in smooth muscle, thereby preventing vasoconstriction, relieving vasospasms, and decreasing peripheral resistance. Reflex tachycardia may occur and may be enhanced by blockade of alpha-2 receptors which enhances norepinephrine release. Phenoxybenzamine is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen.
NCI

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sýr

A nutritious food consisting primarily of the curd or the semisolid substance formed when milk coagulates.
MSH

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fludrokortison

A synthetic mineralocorticoid with anti-inflammatory activity.
MSH

A synthetic corticosteroid. It is used to replace steroid hormones normally produced by the adrenal gland.
NCI

A synthetic corticosteroid with antiinflammatory and antiallergic properties. Fludrocortisone is a mineralocorticoid receptor and glucocorticoid receptor agonist that binds to cytoplasmic receptors, translocates to the nucleus and subsequently initiates the transcription of glucocorticoid-responsive genes such as lipocortins to inhibit phospholipase A2. This prevents the release of arachidonic acid, a precursor to prostaglandins and leukotrienes, both important mediators in the pro-inflammatory response mechanism. In addition, this agent exerts its mineralocorticoid effect on the distal tubules and collecting ducts of the kidney by inducing permease, an enzyme that regulates Na+ permeability in cells, thereby enhancing Na+ reabsorption and water retention as well as increasing K+, H+ excretion.
NCI

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stomatologické nemoci

General or unspecified diseases of the stomatognathic system, comprising the mouth, teeth, jaws, and pharynx.
MSH

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leupeptiny

A group of acylated oligopeptides produced by Actinomycetes that function as protease inhibitors. They have been known to inhibit to varying degrees trypsin, plasmin, KALLIKREINS, papain and the cathepsins.
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filadelfský chromozóm

An aberrant form of human CHROMOSOME 22 characterized by translocation of the distal end of chromosome 9 from 9q34, to the long arm of chromosome 22 at 22q11. It is present in the bone marrow cells of 80 to 90 per cent of patients with chronic myelocytic leukemia (LEUKEMIA, MYELOGENOUS, CHRONIC, BCR-ABL POSITIVE).
MSH

An abnormality of chromosome 22 in which part of chromosome 9 is transferred to it. Bone marrow cells that contain the Philadelphia chromosome are often found in chronic myelogenous leukemia.
NCI

A translocation between chromosomes 9 and 22. It is the hallmark for chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML).
NCI

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hrudník – bolest

Pressure, burning, or numbness in the chest.
MSH

Having a pain in your chest can be scary. It does not always mean that you are having a heart attack. There can be many other causes, including

Some of these problems can also be serious. Get immediate medical care if you have chest pain that does not go away, crushing pain or pressure in the chest, or chest pain along with nausea, sweating, dizziness or shortness of breath. Treatment depends on the cause of the pain.


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Chest pain.
NCI

Pain in the chest.
NCI

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fluorometrie

An analytical method for detecting and measuring FLUORESCENCE in compounds or targets such as cells, proteins, or nucleotides, or targets previously labeled with FLUORESCENCE AGENTS.
MSH

the measurement of fluorescence.
CSP

An analytical method that utilizes ultraviolet light to excite the sample and detects the fluorescence emitted during the return of the sample to its ground state.
NCI

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stres mechanický

A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.
MSH

physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion.
CSP

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Blíže neurčený lichen

skin disease caused by lichen fungus
CHV

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fosfátacetyltransferasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of acetylphosphate from acetyl-CoA and inorganic phosphate. Acetylphosphate serves as a high-energy phosphate compound. EC 2.3.1.8.
MSH

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dětská mortalita

Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.
MSH

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následné studie

Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
MSH

Study in which persons exposed to risk or given a designated preventive or therapeutic regimen are observed over a period or at intervals to determine the outcome of the exposure or regimen. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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Sturgeův-Weberův syndrom

A non-inherited congenital condition with vascular and neurological abnormalities. It is characterized by facial vascular nevi (PORT-WINE STAIN), and capillary angiomatosis of intracranial membranes (MENINGES; CHOROID). Neurological features include EPILEPSY; cognitive deficits; GLAUCOMA; and visual defects.
MSH

A rare, congenital disorder that affects the brain, skin, and eyes. Abnormal blood vessel growth occurs in the trigeminal nerve in the face and the meninges (covering) of the brain. This abnormal growth causes red or purple skin discoloration (sometimes called a port wine stain), usually on one side of the face, and can also cause seizures, learning disabilities, and glaucoma.
NCI

A congenital disorder characterized by the presence of a port-wine nevus birthmark on one or both sides of the face. Additional clinical manifestations may include seizures, leptomenigeal angiomas, glaucoma, progressive hemiparesis and cognitive deficits.
NCI

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