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guanylcyklasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of GTP to 3`,5`-cyclic GMP and pyrophosphate. It also acts on ITP and dGTP. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 4.6.1.2.
MSH

Guanylate cyclase (GC) is an enzyme that converts GTP to the second messenger cyclic GMP (cGMP). There are two forms: plasma membrane GCs that are receptors for hormones, and intracellular soluble GCs that are activated by the gaseous second messenger nitric oxide (NO). EC 4.6.1.2
NCI

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fosvel

An organothiophosphate insecticide.
MSH

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edém

Abnormal fluid accumulation in TISSUES or body cavities. Most cases of edema are present under the SKIN in SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE.
MSH

swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue.
CSP

Swelling caused by excess fluid in body tissues.
NCI

Edema means swelling caused by fluid in your body`s tissues. It usually occurs in the feet, ankles and legs, but it can involve your entire body.

Causes of edema include

To keep swelling down, your health care provider may recommend keeping your legs raised when sitting, wearing support stockings, limiting how much salt you eat or taking a medicine called a diuretic – also called a water pill.


MEDLINEPLUS

Pathological transudate within one or more tissues.
UWDA

Accumulation of an excessive amount of watery fluid in cells or intercellular tissues.
NCI

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methohexital

An intravenous anesthetic with a short duration of action that may be used for induction of anesthesia.
MSH

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sulfacetamid

An anti-infective agent that is used topically to treat skin infections and orally for urinary tract infections.
MSH

A synthetic sulfanylacetamide derivative with bacteriostatic activity. Sulfacetamide inhibits bacterial folic acid synthesis by competing with para amino benzoic acid. With a broad spectrum of action, it is used as an anti-infective topical agent to treat skin infections and as an oral agent for urinary tract infections. (NCI04)
NCI

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mozek – nemoci

Pathologic conditions affecting the BRAIN, which is composed of the intracranial components of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. This includes (but is not limited to) the CEREBRAL CORTEX; intracranial white matter; BASAL GANGLIA; THALAMUS; HYPOTHALAMUS; BRAIN STEM; and CEREBELLUM.
MSH

pathologic conditions affecting the brain, which is composed of the intracranial components of the central nervous system.
CSP

The brain is the control center of the body. It controls thoughts, memory, speech and movement. It regulates the function of many organs. When the brain is healthy, it works quickly and automatically. However, when problems occur, the results can be devastating.

Inflammation in the brain can lead to problems such as vision loss, weakness and paralysis. Loss of brain cells, which happens if you suffer a stroke, can affect your ability to think clearly. Brain tumors can also press on nerves and affect brain function. Some brain diseases are genetic. And we do not know what causes some brain diseases, such as Alzheimer`s disease.

The symptoms of brain diseases vary widely depending on the specific problem. In some cases, damage is permanent. In other cases, treatments such as surgery, medicines or physical therapy can correct the source of the problem or improve symptoms.


MEDLINEPLUS

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Haemonchus

A genus of parasitic nematode worms which infest the duodenum and stomach of domestic and wild herbivores, which ingest it with the grasses (POACEAE) they eat. Infestation of man is accidental.
MSH

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tělesná zdatnost

The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.
MSH

state of well-being in which performance is optimal, often as a result of physical conditioning which may be prescribed for disease therapy.
CSP

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propedeutika lékařská

Preparatory education meeting the requirements for admission to medical school.
MSH

instruction or training which precedes and prepares for the study of medicine.
CSP

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methylhistidiny

Histidine substituted in any position with one or more methyl groups.
MSH

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sulfisomidin

A sulfanilamide antibacterial agent.
MSH

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brokresin

A histidine decarboxylase inhibitor.
MSH

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syndrom mnohočetného hamartomu

A hereditary disease characterized by multiple ectodermal, mesodermal, and endodermal nevoid and neoplastic anomalies. Facial trichilemmomas and papillomatous papules of the oral mucosa are the most characteristic lesions. Individuals with this syndrome have a high risk of BREAST CANCER; THYROID CANCER; and ENDOMETRIAL CANCER. This syndrome is associated with mutations in the gene for PTEN PHOSPHATASE.
MSH

An inherited disorder marked by the formation of many noncancerous growths called hamartomas. These growths occur in the skin, breast, thyroid, colon, intestines, and inside of the mouth. Patients with Cowden syndrome are at increased risk of certain types of cancer, including breast and thyroid.
NCI

An autosomal dominant hereditary syndrome characterized by a variety of hamartomas and neoplasms including verrucous skin lesions, fibromas of the oral cavity, facial trichilemmomas, hamartomatous colonic polyps, thyroid neoplasms, breast cancer, and dysplastic gangliocytomas of the cerebellum.
NCI

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fytosteroly

A class of organic compounds known as STEROLS or STEROIDS derived from plants.
MSH

A class of dietary sterols present in plants with chemical structures nearly identical to cholesterol.
NCI

Any sterol found in the plant kingdom.
NCI

A plant-based compound that can compete with dietary cholesterol to be absorbed by the intestines, resulting in lower blood cholesterol levels. Phytosterols may have some effect in cancer prevention. Also called plant sterol.
NCI

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Eimeria

A genus of protozoan parasites of the subclass COCCIDIA. Various species are parasitic in the epithelial cells of the liver and intestines of man and other animals.
MSH

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metronidazol

A nitroimidazole used to treat AMEBIASIS; VAGINITIS; TRICHOMONAS INFECTIONS; GIARDIASIS; ANAEROBIC BACTERIA; and TREPONEMAL INFECTIONS. It has also been proposed as a radiation sensitizer for hypoxic cells. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985, p133), this substance may reasonably be anticipated to be a carcinogen (Merck, 11th ed).
MSH

antiprotozoal and antibacterial effective against obligate anaerobes.
CSP

A drug that is used to treat infection and is being studied in the treatment of cancer. It is a type of antibacterial, antiprotozoal, and anthelmintic.
NCI

a drug that treats bacterial and fungal infection
CHV

A synthetic nitroimidazole derivative with antiprotozoal and antibacterial activities. Although its mechanism of action is not fully elucidated, un-ionized metronidazole is readily taken up by obligate anaerobic organisms and is subsequently reduced by low-redox potential electron-transport proteins to an active, intermediate product. Reduced metronidazole causes DNA strand breaks, thereby inhibiting DNA synthesis and bacterial cell growth. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39503&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39503&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C651″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A synthetic nitroimidazole derivative with antiprotozoal and antibacterial activities. Although its mechanism of action is not fully elucidated, un-ionized metronidazole is readily taken up by obligate anaerobic organisms and is subsequently reduced by low-redox potential electron-transport proteins to an active, intermediate product. Reduced metronidazole causes DNA strand breaks, thereby inhibiting DNA synthesis and bacterial cell growth.
NCI

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superego

The component of the personality associated with ethics, standards, and self-criticism – the “conscience”. It is derived mainly from identification with parents and parent substitutes.
MSH

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bronchiolitida obliterující

Inflammation of the BRONCHIOLES leading to an obstructive lung disease. Bronchioles are characterized by fibrous granulation tissue with bronchial exudates in the lumens. Clinical features include a nonproductive cough and DYSPNEA.
MSH

Inflammation of the bronchioles with obstruction by fibrous granulation tissue or bronchial exudate. It may follow inhalation of irritating gases or foreign bodies and it complicates pneumonia.
NCI

A condition in which the bronchioles (tiny branches of air tubes in the lungs) become inflamed and blocked. It may be caused by breathing in gases or particles that irritate the bronchioles. This irritation causes scar tissue to form, and makes breathing difficult. Bronchiolitis olbiterans may be caused by other factors, and can also occur after a transplant with an organ or stem cells from a matched donor.
NCI

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nebezpečný odpad

Waste products which, upon release into the atmosphere, water or soil, cause health risks to humans or animals through skin contact, inhalation or ingestion. Hazardous waste sites which contain hazardous waste substances go here.
MSH

Even if you use them properly, many chemicals can still harm human health and the environment. When you throw these substances away, they become hazardous waste. Some hazardous wastes come from products in our homes. Our garbage can include such hazardous wastes as old batteries, bug spray cans and paint thinner. U.S. residents generate 1.6 million tons of household hazardous waste per year. Hazardous waste is also a by-product of manufacturing.

You may have hazardous wastes in your basement or garage. How do you get rid of them? Don`t pour them down the drain, flush them or put them in the garbage. See if you can donate or recycle. Many communities have household hazardous waste collection programs. Check to see if there is one in your area.

Environmental Protection Agency


MEDLINEPLUS

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piperazine

saturated 6-membered ring structure with 2 nitrogen atoms.
CSP

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elektroencefalografie

Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.
MSH

recording of electric currents developed in the brain, by means of electrodes applied to the scalp or the brain.
CSP

A recording of electrical activity in the brain. It is made by placing electrodes on the scalp (the skin covering the top of the head), and impulses are sent to a special machine. An EEG may be used to diagnose brain and sleep disorders.
NCI

The neurophysiologic exploration of the electrical activity of the brain by the application of electrodes to the scalp. The resulting traces are known as an electroencephalogram (EEG). This test is used to assess brain damage, epilepsy and other problems.
NCI

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mikrochemie

The development and use of techniques and equipment to study or perform chemical reactions, with small quantities of materials, frequently less than a milligram or a milliliter.
MSH

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chirurgické oddělení nemocnice

Hospital department which administers all departmental functions and the provision of surgical diagnostic and therapeutic services.
MSH

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Bufo arenarum

A species of the true toads, Bufonidae, found in South America.
MSH

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zdravotnické plánování – rady

Organized groups serving in advisory capacities related to health planning activities.
MSH

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GIBERT EN PITIRIASIS ARROSATUA

A mild exanthematous inflammation of unknown etiology. It is characterized by the presence of salmon-colored maculopapular lesions. The most striking feature is the arrangement of the lesions such that the long axis is parallel to the lines of cleavage. The eruptions are usually generalized, affecting chiefly the trunk, and the course is often self-limiting.
MSH

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elektrochirurgie

Division of tissues by a high-frequency current applied locally with a metal instrument or needle. (Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

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mikroskopie ultrafialová

Microscopy in which the image is formed by ultraviolet radiation and is displayed and recorded by means of photographic film.
MSH

microscopy in which the image is formed by ultraviolet radiation.
CSP

The study and photographing of microscope specimens in ultraviolet light. It is particularly useful when all parts of the specimen viewed are equally transparent in the visible region. (The Photonics Dictionary)
NCI

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přežití

Continuance of life or existence especially under adverse conditions; includes methods and philosophy of survival.
MSH

In cancer, survivorship covers the physical, psychosocial, and economic issues of cancer, from diagnosis until the end of life. It focuses on the health and life of a person with cancer beyond the diagnosis and treatment phases. Survivorship includes issues related to the ability to get health care and follow-up treatment, late effects of treatment, second cancers, and quality of life. Family members, friends, and caregivers are also part of the survivorship experience.
NCI

Continuance of life or existence especially under adverse conditions; includes methods and philosophy of survival.
NCI

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vyhasnutí profesionální

An excessive stress reaction to one`s occupational or professional environment. It is manifested by feelings of emotional and physical exhaustion coupled with a sense of frustration and failure.
MSH

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