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pánev – nádory

Tumors or cancer of the pelvic region.
MSH

new abnormal tissue of the pelvic region that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

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chromatografie plynová

Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.
MSH

technique for separating gas mixtures in which the gas is passed through a long column containing a fixed absorbent phase that separates the gas mixture into its component parts.
CSP

A chromatographic technique in which the stationary phase is solid while the mobile phase is gaseous samples. The gaseous samples are separated based on their different adsorption ability to the solid phase.
NCI

Chromatography, Gas


HL7V3.0

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neuromyelitis optica

A syndrome characterized by acute OPTIC NEURITIS in combination with acute MYELITIS, TRANSVERSE. Demyelinating and/or necrotizing lesions form in one or both optic nerves and in the spinal cord. The onset of optic neuritis and myelitis may be simultaneous or separated by several months. (J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1996 Apr;60(4):382-387)
MSH

An autoimmune inflammatory syndrome characterized by optic neuritis and myelitis. Signs and symptoms include loss of vision, weakness and paralysis of the extremities, and loss of sensation.
NCI

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hyperfágie

ingestion of a greater than optimal quantity of food.
CSP

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spasmolytika

agent that relieves spasm, usually of smooth muscles as in arteries, bronchi, intestine, bile duct, or ureters, but also of voluntary muscle.
CSP

Any agent that prevents or relieves muscle spasms, mainly ones originating from smooth muscle contractions of the stomach, bladder and intestines.
NCI

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pentachlorfenol

An insecticide and herbicide that has also been used as a wood preservative. Pentachlorphenol is a widespread environmental pollutant. Both chronic and acute pentachlorophenol poisoning are medical concerns. The range of its biological actions is still being actively explored, but it is clearly a potent enzyme inhibitor and has been used as such as an experimental tool.
MSH

a kind of insecticide and herbicide
CHV

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chromozómy lidské, 16-18

The short, submetacentric human chromosomes, called group E in the human chromosome classification. This group consists of chromosome pairs 16, 17, and 18.
MSH

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neutrony

Electrically neutral elementary particles found in all atomic nuclei except light hydrogen; the mass is equal to that of the proton and electron combined and they are unstable when isolated from the nucleus, undergoing beta decay. Slow, thermal, epithermal, and fast neutrons refer to the energy levels with which the neutrons are ejected from heavier nuclei during their decay.
MSH

An elementary particle with 0 charge and a mass about equal to that of a proton.
NCI

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hypobetalipoproteinémie

Conditions with abnormally low levels of BETA-LIPOPROTEINS (low density lipoproteins or LDL) in the blood. It is defined as LDL values equal to or less than the 5th percentile for the population. They include the autosomal dominant form involving mutation of the APOLIPOPROTEINS B gene, and the autosomal recessive form involving mutation of the microsomal triglyceride transfer protein. All are characterized by low LDL and dietary fat malabsorption.
MSH

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řeč – diskriminační testy

Tests of the ability to hear and understand speech as determined by scoring the number of words in a word list repeated correctly.
MSH

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peptidy – mapování

Analysis of PEPTIDES that are generated from the digestion or fragmentation of a protein or mixture of PROTEINS, by ELECTROPHORESIS; CHROMATOGRAPHY; or MASS SPECTROMETRY. The resulting peptide fingerprints are analyzed for a variety of purposes including the identification of the proteins in a sample, GENETIC POLYMORPHISMS, patterns of gene expression, and patterns diagnostic for diseases.
MSH

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chrysarobin

An extract of Goa powder; a complex mixture of reduction products of chrysophanic acid, emodin, and emodin monomethyl ether; used locally in ringworm, psoriasis, and eczema.
NCI

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nikotinamidasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of nicotinamide to nicotinate and ammonia. EC 3.5.1.19.
MSH

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hypotalamus – nemoci

Neoplastic, inflammatory, infectious, and other diseases of the hypothalamus. Clinical manifestations include appetite disorders; AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; SLEEP DISORDERS; behavioral symptoms related to dysfunction of the LIMBIC SYSTEM; and neuroendocrine disorders.
MSH

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spermin

A biogenic polyamine formed from spermidine. It is found in a wide variety of organisms and tissues and is an essential growth factor in some bacteria. It is found as a polycation at all pH values. Spermine is associated with nucleic acids, particularly in viruses, and is thought to stabilize the helical structure.
MSH

biogenic polyamine formed from spermidine, found in a wide variety of organisms and tissues and an essential growth factor in some bacteria; it is associated with nucleic acids, particularly in viruses, and is thought to stabilize the helical structure.
CSP

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periapikální absces

Acute or chronic inflammation of tissues surrounding the apical portion of a tooth, associated with the collection of pus, resulting from infection following pulp infection through a carious lesion or as a result of an injury causing pulp necrosis. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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cirkulární dichroismus

A change from planar to elliptic polarization when an initially plane-polarized light wave traverses an optically active medium. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

planar polarization converts to eliptic polarization when plane polarized light travels through an optically active medium.
CSP

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nitrakrin

Acridine antineoplastic agent used in mammary and ovarian tumors. It inhibits RNA synthesis.
MSH

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ibuprofen

A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent with analgesic properties used in the therapy of rheumatism and arthritis.
MSH

nonsteroidal analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory agent that is a propionic acid derivative.
CSP

a chemical substance
CHV

A drug used to treat fever, swelling, pain, and redness by preventing the body from making a substance that causes inflammation. It is a type of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).
NCI

A propionic acid derivate and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) with anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic effects. Ibuprofen inhibits the activity of cyclo-oxygenase I and II, resulting in a decreased formation of precursors of prostaglandins and thromboxanes. This leads to decreased prostaglandin synthesis, by prostaglandin synthase, the main physiologic effect of ibuprofen. Ibuprofen also causes a decrease in the formation of thromboxane A2 synthesis, by thromboxane synthase, thereby inhibiting platelet aggregation. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=40475&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=40475&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C561″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A propionic acid derivate and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) with anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic effects. Ibuprofen inhibits the activity of cyclo-oxygenase I and II, resulting in a decreased formation of precursors of prostaglandins and thromboxanes. This leads to decreased prostaglandin synthesis, by prostaglandin synthase, the main physiologic effect of ibuprofen. Ibuprofen also causes a decrease in the formation of thromboxane A2 synthesis, by thromboxane synthase, thereby inhibiting platelet aggregation. (NCI05)
NCI

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páteř – nádory

A primary or metastatic neoplasm that occurs within the spinal canal including the spinal cord and surrounding paraspinal spaces.
NCI

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parodontální chobot

An abnormal extension of a gingival sulcus accompanied by the apical migration of the epithelial attachment and bone resorption.
MSH

An abnormal deepening of a gingival sulcus associated with destruction of the supporting periodontal tissue.
NCI

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rozštěp rtu

Congenital defect in the upper lip where the maxillary prominence fails to merge with the merged medial nasal prominences. It is thought to be caused by faulty migration of the mesoderm in the head region.
MSH

congenital defect in the upper lip where the maxillary prominence fails to merge with the merged medial nasal prominences; thought to be caused by faulty migration of the mesoderm in the head region.
CSP

A congenital abnormality consisting of one or more clefts (splits) in the upper lip, which may be accompanied by a cleft palate; it is the result of the failure of the embryonic parts of the lip to fuse.
NCI

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nitrofenylgalaktosidy

Includes ortho-, meta-, and para-nitrophenylgalactosides.
MSH

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ileum

The distal and narrowest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between the JEJUNUM and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE.
MSH

distal part of the small intestine, extending from the jejunum to the cecum.
CSP

The final section of the small intestine. (NCI)
NCI

The final section of the small intestine.
NCI

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slezina – nemoci

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the spleen.
CSP

Your spleen is an organ above your stomach and under your ribs on your left side. It is about as big as your fist. The spleen is part of your lymphatic system, which fights infection and keeps your body fluids in balance. It contains white blood cells that fight germs. Your spleen also helps control the amount of blood in your body, and destroys old and damaged cells.

Certain diseases might cause your spleen to swell. You can also damage or rupture your spleen in an injury, especially if it is already swollen. If your spleen is too damaged, you might need surgery to remove it. You can live without a spleen. Other organs, such as your liver, will take over some of the spleen`s work. Without a spleen, however, your body will lose some of its ability to fight infections.


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder of the spleen.
NCI

A non-neoplastic or neoplastic disorder affecting the spleen. Examples include infection, hemangioma, lymphoma, leukemia and angiosarcoma.
NCI

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peroxidy

A group of compounds that contain a bivalent O-O group, i.e., the oxygen atoms are univalent. They can either be inorganic or organic in nature. Such compounds release atomic (nascent) oxygen readily. Thus they are strong oxidizing agents and fire hazards when in contact with combustible materials, especially under high-temperature conditions. The chief industrial uses of peroxides are as oxidizing agents, bleaching agents, and initiators of polymerization. (From Hawley`s Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
MSH

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klonidin

An imidazoline sympatholytic agent that stimulates ALPHA-2 ADRENERGIC RECEPTORS and central IMIDAZOLINE RECEPTORS. It is commonly used in the management of HYPERTENSION.
MSH

alpha-2 adrenergic agonist that crosses the blood-brain barrier; acts centrally by reducing sympathetic tone, resulting in a fall in diastolic and systolic blood pressure and a reduction in heart rate; also acts peripherally.
CSP

a hypertension treatment drug
CHV

The active ingredient in a drug used to treat high blood pressure. It is also being studied in the treatment of certain types of cancer pain. It blocks the release of chemicals from nerve endings that make blood vessels constrict (get narrower). Clonidine is a type of antihypertensive agent and a type of alpha-adrenergic agonist.
NCI

An imidazoline derivate and centrally-acting alpha-adrenergic agonist, with antihypertensive activity. Clonidine binds to and stimulates central alpha-2 adrenergic receptors, thereby reducing the amount of norepinephrine (NE) release and thus decreasing sympathetic outflow to the heart, kidneys, and peripheral vasculature. The reduction in sympathetic outflow leads to decreased peripheral vascular resistance, decreased blood pressure, and decreased heart rate. In addition, clonidine binds to imidazoline receptor subtype 1 (I1), which may also contribute to a reduction in blood pressure.
NCI

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nonachlazin

Coronary vasodilator with a novel mechanism of action; proposed as antianginal agent.
MSH

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imunita aktivní

Resistance to a disease agent resulting from the production of specific antibodies by the host, either after exposure to the disease or after vaccination.
MSH

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Saint Helena Islands

Islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, about midway between South America and Africa. (NCI)
NCI

Islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, about midway between South America and Africa. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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