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Borrelia burgdorferi

A specific species of bacteria, part of the BORRELIA BURGDORFERI GROUP, whose common name is Lyme disease spirochete.
MSH

A species of bacteria within the phylum Spirochaetes that is the causative agent of Lyme disease.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Borrelia burgdorferi.
NCI

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fosvel

An organothiophosphate insecticide.
MSH

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vojenské ošetřovatelství

The practice of nursing in military environments.
MSH

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edém

Abnormal fluid accumulation in TISSUES or body cavities. Most cases of edema are present under the SKIN in SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE.
MSH

swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue.
CSP

Swelling caused by excess fluid in body tissues.
NCI

Edema means swelling caused by fluid in your body`s tissues. It usually occurs in the feet, ankles and legs, but it can involve your entire body.

Causes of edema include

To keep swelling down, your health care provider may recommend keeping your legs raised when sitting, wearing support stockings, limiting how much salt you eat or taking a medicine called a diuretic – also called a water pill.


MEDLINEPLUS

Pathological transudate within one or more tissues.
UWDA

Accumulation of an excessive amount of watery fluid in cells or intercellular tissues.
NCI

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srdce – chlopenní protézy

A device that substitutes for a heart valve. It may be composed of biological material (BIOPROSTHESIS) and/or synthetic material.
MSH

device that substitutes for a heart valve; may be composed of biological material and/or synthetic material.
CSP

An external limb prosthetic component is a device intended for medical purposes that, when put together with other appropriate components, constitutes a total prosthesis. Examples of external limb prosthetic components include the following: Ankle, foot, hip, knee, and socket components; mechanical or powered hand, hook, wrist unit, elbow joint, and shoulder joint components; and cable and prosthesis suction valves.
SPN

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sulfacetamid

An anti-infective agent that is used topically to treat skin infections and orally for urinary tract infections.
MSH

A synthetic sulfanylacetamide derivative with bacteriostatic activity. Sulfacetamide inhibits bacterial folic acid synthesis by competing with para amino benzoic acid. With a broad spectrum of action, it is used as an anti-infective topical agent to treat skin infections and as an oral agent for urinary tract infections. (NCI04)
NCI

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mozek – nemoci

Pathologic conditions affecting the BRAIN, which is composed of the intracranial components of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. This includes (but is not limited to) the CEREBRAL CORTEX; intracranial white matter; BASAL GANGLIA; THALAMUS; HYPOTHALAMUS; BRAIN STEM; and CEREBELLUM.
MSH

pathologic conditions affecting the brain, which is composed of the intracranial components of the central nervous system.
CSP

The brain is the control center of the body. It controls thoughts, memory, speech and movement. It regulates the function of many organs. When the brain is healthy, it works quickly and automatically. However, when problems occur, the results can be devastating.

Inflammation in the brain can lead to problems such as vision loss, weakness and paralysis. Loss of brain cells, which happens if you suffer a stroke, can affect your ability to think clearly. Brain tumors can also press on nerves and affect brain function. Some brain diseases are genetic. And we do not know what causes some brain diseases, such as Alzheimer`s disease.

The symptoms of brain diseases vary widely depending on the specific problem. In some cases, damage is permanent. In other cases, treatments such as surgery, medicines or physical therapy can correct the source of the problem or improve symptoms.


MEDLINEPLUS

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tělesná zdatnost

The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.
MSH

state of well-being in which performance is optimal, often as a result of physical conditioning which may be prescribed for disease therapy.
CSP

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mirex

An organochlorine insecticide that is carcinogenic.
MSH

A white, stable, odorless, synthetic, crystalline solid chlorinated hydrocarbon. Mirex was used as an insecticide against ants and as a fire-retardant for plastics, paint, rubber, paper and electrical appliances, but it is no longer produced or used in the US. Exposure to Mirex irritates the skin and eyes and causes a headache as well as dizziness, nausea and vomiting and affects the central nervous system, lungs, liver and kidneys. Mirex is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05)
NCI

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propedeutika lékařská

Preparatory education meeting the requirements for admission to medical school.
MSH

instruction or training which precedes and prepares for the study of medicine.
CSP

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T-lymfocyty pomocné-indukující

Subpopulation of CD4+ lymphocytes that cooperate with other lymphocytes (either T or B) to initiate a variety of immune functions. For example, helper-inducer T-cells cooperate with B-cells to produce antibodies to thymus-dependent antigens and with other subpopulations of T-cells to initiate a variety of cell-mediated immune functions.
MSH

subpopulation of CD4+ lymphocytes that cooperate with other lymphocytes (either T or B) to initiate a variety of immune functions; for example, helper-inducer T-cells cooperate with B-cells to produce antibodies to thymus-dependent antigens and with other subpopulations of T-cells to initiate a variety of cell-mediated immune functions.
CSP

A type of white blood cell that helps stimulate immune system reactions. Helper T cells help activate cytotoxic T cells and macrophages by secreting cytokines. They also stimulate B cells to make antibodies.
NCI

A subpopulation of CD4+ lymphocytes that cooperate with other lymphocytes (either T or B) to initiate a variety of immune functions. (MeSH)
NCI

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sulfisomidin

A sulfanilamide antibacterial agent.
MSH

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brokresin

A histidine decarboxylase inhibitor.
MSH

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fytosteroly

A class of organic compounds known as STEROLS or STEROIDS derived from plants.
MSH

A class of dietary sterols present in plants with chemical structures nearly identical to cholesterol.
NCI

Any sterol found in the plant kingdom.
NCI

A plant-based compound that can compete with dietary cholesterol to be absorbed by the intestines, resulting in lower blood cholesterol levels. Phytosterols may have some effect in cancer prevention. Also called plant sterol.
NCI

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adenom pleomorfní

A benign, slow-growing tumor, most commonly of the salivary gland, occurring as a small, painless, firm nodule, usually of the parotid gland, but also found in any major or accessory salivary gland anywhere in the oral cavity. It is most often seen in women in the fifth decade. Histologically, the tumor presents a variety of cells: cuboidal, columnar, and squamous cells, showing all forms of epithelial growth. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

A neoplasm characterized by the presence of benign epithelial and myoepithelial cells and a mesenchymal component that may contain mucoid, myxoid, cartilaginous, or osseous areas. It may be completely or partially encapsulated. It occurs in the parotid gland, submandibular gland, minor salivary glands in the oral cavity, upper respiratory tract, and nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. It usually presents as a slow growing painless mass. Infrequently, patients may present with pain and facial palsy. It may recur after excision or transform to a malignant neoplasm (carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma).
NCI

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Eimeria

A genus of protozoan parasites of the subclass COCCIDIA. Various species are parasitic in the epithelial cells of the liver and intestines of man and other animals.
MSH

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hematopoéza extramedulární

The formation and development of blood cells outside the BONE MARROW, as in the SPLEEN; LIVER; or LYMPH NODES.
MSH

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superego

The component of the personality associated with ethics, standards, and self-criticism – the “conscience”. It is derived mainly from identification with parents and parent substitutes.
MSH

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bronchiolitida obliterující

Inflammation of the BRONCHIOLES leading to an obstructive lung disease. Bronchioles are characterized by fibrous granulation tissue with bronchial exudates in the lumens. Clinical features include a nonproductive cough and DYSPNEA.
MSH

Inflammation of the bronchioles with obstruction by fibrous granulation tissue or bronchial exudate. It may follow inhalation of irritating gases or foreign bodies and it complicates pneumonia.
NCI

A condition in which the bronchioles (tiny branches of air tubes in the lungs) become inflamed and blocked. It may be caused by breathing in gases or particles that irritate the bronchioles. This irritation causes scar tissue to form, and makes breathing difficult. Bronchiolitis olbiterans may be caused by other factors, and can also occur after a transplant with an organ or stem cells from a matched donor.
NCI

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piperazine

saturated 6-membered ring structure with 2 nitrogen atoms.
CSP

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Mollusca

phylum of the kingdom Metazoa; organisms have soft, unsegmented bodies with an anterior head, a dorsal visceral mass, and a ventral foot; most are encased in a protective calcareous shell; includes the classes Gastropoda, Bivalvia, Cephalopoda, Aplacophora, Scaphopoda, Polyplacophora, and Monoplacophora.
CSP

A phylum of the kingdom Metazoa. Mollusca have soft, unsegmented bodies with an anterior head, a dorsal visceral mass, and a ventral foot. Most are encased in a protective calcareous shell. It includes the classes GASTROPODA; BIVALVIA; CEPHALOPODA; Aplacophora; Scaphopoda; Polyplacophora; and Monoplacophora.
MSH

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elektroencefalografie

Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.
MSH

recording of electric currents developed in the brain, by means of electrodes applied to the scalp or the brain.
CSP

A recording of electrical activity in the brain. It is made by placing electrodes on the scalp (the skin covering the top of the head), and impulses are sent to a special machine. An EEG may be used to diagnose brain and sleep disorders.
NCI

The neurophysiologic exploration of the electrical activity of the brain by the application of electrodes to the scalp. The resulting traces are known as an electroencephalogram (EEG). This test is used to assess brain damage, epilepsy and other problems.
NCI

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hemoglobin A glykosylovaný

Minor hemoglobin components of human erythrocytes designated A1a, A1b, and A1c. Hemoglobin A1c is most important since its sugar moiety is glucose covalently bound to the terminal amino acid of the beta chain. Since normal glycohemoglobin concentrations exclude marked blood glucose fluctuations over the preceding three to four weeks, the concentration of glycosylated hemoglobin A is a more reliable index of the blood sugar average over a long period of time.
MSH

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chirurgické oddělení nemocnice

Hospital department which administers all departmental functions and the provision of surgical diagnostic and therapeutic services.
MSH

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Bufo arenarum

A species of the true toads, Bufonidae, found in South America.
MSH

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GIBERT EN PITIRIASIS ARROSATUA

A mild exanthematous inflammation of unknown etiology. It is characterized by the presence of salmon-colored maculopapular lesions. The most striking feature is the arrangement of the lesions such that the long axis is parallel to the lines of cleavage. The eruptions are usually generalized, affecting chiefly the trunk, and the course is often self-limiting.
MSH

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proteiny přenášející monosacharidy

A large group of membrane transport proteins that shuttle MONOSACCHARIDES across CELL MEMBRANES.
MSH

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elektrochirurgie

Division of tissues by a high-frequency current applied locally with a metal instrument or needle. (Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

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virus Junin

A species of ARENAVIRUS, part of the New World Arenaviruses (ARENAVIRUSES, NEW WORLD), causing Argentinian hemorrhagic fever. The disease is characterized by congestion, edema, generalized lymphadenopathy and hemorrhagic necrosis and is sometimes fatal.
MSH

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přežití

Continuance of life or existence especially under adverse conditions; includes methods and philosophy of survival.
MSH

In cancer, survivorship covers the physical, psychosocial, and economic issues of cancer, from diagnosis until the end of life. It focuses on the health and life of a person with cancer beyond the diagnosis and treatment phases. Survivorship includes issues related to the ability to get health care and follow-up treatment, late effects of treatment, second cancers, and quality of life. Family members, friends, and caregivers are also part of the survivorship experience.
NCI

Continuance of life or existence especially under adverse conditions; includes methods and philosophy of survival.
NCI

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