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ethanolaminy

AMINO ALCOHOLS containing the ETHANOLAMINE; (-NH2CH2CHOH) group and its derivatives.
MSH

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superego

The component of the personality associated with ethics, standards, and self-criticism – the “conscience”. It is derived mainly from identification with parents and parent substitutes.
MSH

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antitrichomonádové látky

Agents used to treat trichomonas infections.
MSH

Any agent that can kill and/or inhibit the growth of anaerobic protists of Trichomonas genus.
NCI

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piperazine

saturated 6-membered ring structure with 2 nitrogen atoms.
CSP

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Isospora

A genus of protozoan parasites found in the intestines of birds, amphibians, reptiles, and mammals, including man. The oocysts produce two sporocysts, each with four sporozoites. Many species are parasitic in wild and domestic animals.
MSH

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Cellular aspects of

Used for cellular appearance of unicellular and multicellular organisms.
MSH

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ethopabát

An inhibitor of folate metabolism. It is used as a coccidiostat in poultry.
MSH

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chirurgické oddělení nemocnice

Hospital department which administers all departmental functions and the provision of surgical diagnostic and therapeutic services.
MSH

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aortitida

Inflammation of the wall of the AORTA.
MSH

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GIBERT EN PITIRIASIS ARROSATUA

A mild exanthematous inflammation of unknown etiology. It is characterized by the presence of salmon-colored maculopapular lesions. The most striking feature is the arrangement of the lesions such that the long axis is parallel to the lines of cleavage. The eruptions are usually generalized, affecting chiefly the trunk, and the course is often self-limiting.
MSH

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žárlivost

An irrational reaction compounded of grief, loss of self-esteem, enmity against the rival and self criticism.
MSH

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Dandyův-Walkerův syndrom

A congenital abnormality of the central nervous system marked by failure of the midline structures of the cerebellum to develop, dilation of the fourth ventricle, and upward displacement of the transverse sinuses, tentorium, and torcula. Clinical features include occipital bossing, progressive head enlargement, bulging of anterior fontanelle, papilledema, ataxia, gait disturbances, nystagmus, and intellectual compromise. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp294-5)
MSH

A rare congenital brain malformation disorder characterized by agenesis or hypoplasia of the cerebellar vermis, cystic dilatation of the fourth ventricle, and enlargement of the posterior fossa.
NCI

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Etiology aspects

Used with diseases for causative agents including microorganisms and includes environmental and social factors and personal habits as contributing factors. It includes pathogenesis.
MSH

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přežití

Continuance of life or existence especially under adverse conditions; includes methods and philosophy of survival.
MSH

In cancer, survivorship covers the physical, psychosocial, and economic issues of cancer, from diagnosis until the end of life. It focuses on the health and life of a person with cancer beyond the diagnosis and treatment phases. Survivorship includes issues related to the ability to get health care and follow-up treatment, late effects of treatment, second cancers, and quality of life. Family members, friends, and caregivers are also part of the survivorship experience.
NCI

Continuance of life or existence especially under adverse conditions; includes methods and philosophy of survival.
NCI

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apendix – nádory

Tumors or cancer of the APPENDIX.
MSH

A benign or malignant neoplasm involving the appendix.
NCI

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viry rostlin

Viruses parasitic on plants higher than bacteria.
MSH

viruses that replicate in and may produce diseases of higher plants; see RTs for specific organisms.
CSP

Viruses that replicate in and may produce diseases of higher plants.
NCI

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kyselina kainová

(2S-(2 alpha,3 beta,4 beta))-2-Carboxy-4-(1-methylethenyl)-3-pyrrolidineacetic acid. Ascaricide obtained from the red alga Digenea simplex. It is a potent excitatory amino acid agonist at some types of excitatory amino acid receptors and has been used to discriminate among receptor types. Like many excitatory amino acid agonists it can cause neurotoxicity and has been used experimentally for that purpose.
MSH

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debridement

The removal of foreign material and devitalized or contaminated tissue from or adjacent to a traumatic or infected lesion until surrounding healthy tissue is exposed. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

A procedure to remove dead tissue or foreign material from a wound to expose underlying healthy tissue and to promote healing.
NCI

surgical removal of foreign material and dead tissue from a wound in order to prevent infection and promote healing
CHV

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Excision Repair

Excision Repair mechanisms remove and replace damaged nucleotides from DNA molecules with new nucleotide subunits, e.g., Base Excision Repair, Nucleotide Excision Repair, or SOS Function.
NCI

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sympatický nervový systém

The thoracolumbar division of the autonomic nervous system. Sympathetic preganglionic fibers originate in neurons of the intermediolateral column of the spinal cord and project to the paravertebral and prevertebral ganglia, which in turn project to target organs. The sympathetic nervous system mediates the body`s response to stressful situations, i.e., the fight or flight reactions. It often acts reciprocally to the parasympathetic system.
MSH

portion of the autonomic nervous system that receives its fibers of connection with the central nervous system through the thoracolumbar outflow of visceral efferent fibers; sympathetic preganglionic fibers originate in neurons of the intermediolateral column of the spinal cord and project to the paravertebral and prevertebral ganglia, which in turn project to target organs; the sympathetic nervous system mediates the body`s response to stressful situations, i.e, the fight or flight reactions, and often acts reciprocally to the parasympathetic system.
CSP

The part of the nervous system that increases heart rate, blood pressure, breathing rate, and pupil size. It also causes blood vessels to narrow and decreases digestive juices.
NCI

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arachidonát-5-lipoxygenasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of arachidonic acid to yield 5-hydroperoxyarachidonate (5-HPETE) which is rapidly converted by a peroxidase to 5-hydroxy-6,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoate (5-HETE). The 5-hydroperoxides are preferentially formed in leukocytes.
MSH

Arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase protein (674 aa, ~78 kDa) is encoded by the human ALOX5 gene. This protein plays a role in the synthesis of leukotrienes from arachidonic acid; thus, it mediates both inflammation and allergen responses.
NCI

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faktor aktivující trombocyty

A phospholipid derivative formed by PLATELETS; BASOPHILS; NEUTROPHILS; MONOCYTES; and MACROPHAGES. It is a potent platelet aggregating agent and inducer of systemic anaphylactic symptoms, including HYPOTENSION; THROMBOCYTOPENIA; NEUTROPENIA; and BRONCHOCONSTRICTION.
MSH

produced in response to specific stimuli by a variety of cell types, including neutrophils, basophils, platelets, and endothelial cells; several molecular species of platelet activating factor have been identified which vary in the length of the O-alkyl side chain; an important mediator of bronchoconstriction.
CSP

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keratokonjunktivitida suchá

Drying and inflammation of the conjunctiva as a result of insufficient lacrimal secretion. When found in association with XEROSTOMIA and polyarthritis, it is called SJOGREN`S SYNDROME.
MSH

WHAT: Keratoconjunctivitis sicca.
AIR

drying and inflammation of the conjunctiva as a result of insufficient lacrimal secretion.
CSP

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deferoxamin

Natural product isolated from Streptomyces pilosus. It forms iron complexes and is used as a chelating agent, particularly in the mesylate form.
MSH

natural product isolated from Streptomyces pilosus; it forms iron complexes and is used as a chelating agent, particularly in the mesylate form.
CSP

An iron-chelating agent that removes iron from tumors by inhibiting DNA synthesis and causing cancer cell death. It is used in conjunction with other anticancer agents in pediatric neuroblastoma therapy.
NCI

An iron-chelating agent that binds free iron in a stable complex, preventing it from engaging in chemical reactions. Deferoxamine chelates iron from intra-lysosomal ferritin and siderin forming ferrioxamine, a water-soluble chelate excreted by the kidneys and in the feces via the bile. This agent does not readily bind iron from transferrin, hemoglobin, myoglobin or cytochrome. (NCI04)
NCI

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extracelulární tekutina

The fluid of the body that is outside of CELLS. It is the external environment for the cells.
MSH

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T-lymfocyty

lymphocytes responsible for cell-mediated immunity, formed when lymphocytes circulate through the thymus gland and differentiate to thymocytes; when exposed to an antigen, they divide rapidly and produce large numbers of new T cells sensitized to that antigen.
CSP

Lymphocytes responsible for cell-mediated immunity. Two types have been identified – cytotoxic (T-LYMPHOCYTES, CYTOTOXIC) and helper T-lymphocytes (T-LYMPHOCYTES, HELPER-INDUCER). They are formed when lymphocytes circulate through the THYMUS GLAND and differentiate to thymocytes. When exposed to an antigen, they divide rapidly and produce large numbers of new T cells sensitized to that antigen.
MSH

A type of immune cell that can attack foreign cells, cancer cells, and cells infected with a virus. T lymphocytes can also help control immune responses. A T lymphocyte is a type of white blood cell.
NCI

A thymocyte-derived lymphocyte of immunological importance that is long-lived (months to years) and is responsible for cell-mediated immunity. T lymphocyte cells form rosettes with sheep erythrocytes and, in the presence of transforming agents (mitogens), differentiate and divide. These cells have the characteristic T3 surface marker and may be further divided into subsets according to function, such as helper, cytotoxic, etc.
NCI

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kyselina argininjantarová

This amino acid is formed during the urea cycle from citrulline, aspartate and ATP. This reaction is catalyzed by argininosuccinic acid synthetase.
MSH

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Pleuronectus

Genus of Pleuronectidae including plaice and English sole.
MSH

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ledviny – kameny

Stones in the KIDNEY, usually formed in the urine-collecting area of the kidney (KIDNEY PELVIS). Their sizes vary and most contains CALCIUM OXALATE.
MSH

A kidney stone is a solid piece of material that forms in the kidney from substances in the urine. It may be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a pearl. Most kidney stones pass out of the body without help from a doctor. But sometimes a stone will not go away. It may get stuck in the urinary tract, block the flow of urine and cause great pain.

The following may be signs of kidney stones that need a doctor`s help:

  • Extreme pain in your back or side that will not go away
  • Blood in your urine
  • Fever and chills
  • Vomiting
  • Urine that smells bad or looks cloudy
  • A burning feeling when you urinate

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by the formation of crystals in the pelvis of the kidney.
NCI

Crystals in the pelvis of the kidney.
NCI

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demekolcin

An alkaloid isolated from Colchicum autumnale L. and used as an antineoplastic.
MSH

A colchicine analog with potential antimitotic and antineoplastic activities. Demecolcine acid binds to the colchicine-binding site of tubulin, inhibiting its polymerization into microtubules, causing cell cycle arrest at metaphase and preventing cell division.
NCI

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