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bolest ucha

Pain in the ear.
MSH

A disorder characterized by a sensation of marked discomfort in the ear.
NCI

Painful sensation in the ear region.
NCI

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skalp

The outer covering of the calvaria. It is composed of several layers: SKIN; subcutaneous connective tissue; the occipitofrontal muscle which includes the tendinous galea aponeurotica; loose connective tissue; and the pericranium (the PERIOSTEUM of the SKULL).
MSH

that part of the skin of the head, exclusive of face and ears, which in humans normally is covered with hair.
CSP

The skin which covers the top of the head and which is usually covered by hair.
NCI

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krypton

A noble gas that is found in the atmosphere. It has the atomic symbol Kr, atomic number 36, atomic weight 83.80, and has been used in electric bulbs.
MSH

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kosti – nádory

Tumors or cancer located in bone tissue or specific BONES.
MSH

new abnormal bone tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease; includes tumors or cancer located in bone tissue or specific bones.
CSP

A benign or malignant (primary or metastatic) tumor involving the bone. Common malignant tumor types involving the bones are metastatic carcinomas and sarcomas. — 2003
NCI

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discus nervi optici

The portion of the optic nerve seen in the fundus with the ophthalmoscope. It is formed by the meeting of all the retinal ganglion cell axons as they enter the optic nerve.
MSH

intraocular portion of the optic nerve formed by fibers converging from retina and appearing as a pink to white disk.
CSP

A portion of the retina at which the axons of the ganglion cells exit the eyeball to form the optic nerve. No light-sensitive photoreceptors are contained within this portion of the retina.
NCI

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falešně negativní reakce

Negative test results in subjects who possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of diseased persons as healthy when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
MSH

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echovirus 9

A species of ENTEROVIRUS associated with outbreaks of aseptic meningitis (MENINGITIS, ASEPTIC).
MSH

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Schizosaccharomyces

A genus of ascomycetous fungi of the family Schizosaccharomycetaceae, order Schizosaccharomycetales.
MSH

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nemoci vnitřního ucha

Pathological processes of the inner ear (LABYRINTH) which contains the essential apparatus of hearing (COCHLEA) and balance (SEMICIRCULAR CANALS).
MSH

deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the labyrinth, the internal ear consisting of an osseous and a membranous portion.
CSP

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Borrelia burgdorferi

A specific species of bacteria, part of the BORRELIA BURGDORFERI GROUP, whose common name is Lyme disease spirochete.
MSH

A species of bacteria within the phylum Spirochaetes that is the causative agent of Lyme disease.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Borrelia burgdorferi.
NCI

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transplantace orgánů

Transference of an organ between individuals of the same species or between individuals of different species.
MSH

A surgical procedure in which tissue or an organ is transferred from one area of a person`s body to another area, or from one person (the donor) to another person (the recipient).
NCI

You may need an organ transplant if one of your own organs has failed. This can happen because of illness or injury. When you have an organ transplant, doctors remove an organ from another person and place it in your body.

The organs that can be transplanted include

People who need an organ transplant often have to wait a long time for one. Doctors must match donors to recipients to reduce the risk of transplant rejection. This is when the recipient`s body turns against the new organ, causing it to fail. People who have transplants must take drugs the rest of their lives to help keep their bodies from rejecting the new organ.


MEDLINEPLUS

The transfer of an organ (or part of one) from one body to another, for the purpose of replacing the recipient`s damaged or failing organ with a working one from the donor. Donors can be living, or cadaveric (dead).
NCI

Transference of a tissue or organ within an individual, between individuals of the same species, or between individuals of different species.
NCI

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otcové

Male parents, human or animal.
MSH

A male parent.
NCI

The player of the role is a male who begets or raises or nurtures the scoping entity (child).


HL7V3.0

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edém

Abnormal fluid accumulation in TISSUES or body cavities. Most cases of edema are present under the SKIN in SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE.
MSH

swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue.
CSP

Swelling caused by excess fluid in body tissues.
NCI

Edema means swelling caused by fluid in your body`s tissues. It usually occurs in the feet, ankles and legs, but it can involve your entire body.

Causes of edema include

To keep swelling down, your health care provider may recommend keeping your legs raised when sitting, wearing support stockings, limiting how much salt you eat or taking a medicine called a diuretic – also called a water pill.


MEDLINEPLUS

Pathological transudate within one or more tissues.
UWDA

Accumulation of an excessive amount of watery fluid in cells or intercellular tissues.
NCI

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sklerodermie systémová

A chronic multi-system disorder of CONNECTIVE TISSUE. It is characterized by SCLEROSIS in the SKIN, the LUNGS, the HEART, the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, the KIDNEYS, and the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM. Other important features include diseased small BLOOD VESSELS and AUTOANTIBODIES. The disorder is named for its most prominent feature (hard skin), and classified into subsets by the extent of skin thickening: LIMITED SCLERODERMA and DIFFUSE SCLERODERMA.
MSH

systemic disorder of the connective tissue; manifested by hardening and thickening of the skin, by abnormalities involving the microvasculature and larger vessels, and by fibrotic degenerative changes in various body organs including the heart, lungs, kidneys, and gastrointestinal tract.
CSP

A chronic disorder, possibly autoimmune, marked by excessive production of collagen which results in hardening and thickening of body tissues. The two types of systemic scleroderma, limited cutaneous and diffuse cutaneous are classified with focus on the extent of affected skin. A relationship exists between the extent of skin area affected and degree of internal organ/system involvement. Systemic scleroderma can manifest itself in pulmonary fibrosis, Raynaud`s syndrome, digestive system telangiectasias, renal hypertension and/or pulmonary hypertension.
NCI

a rare, chronic disease characterized by excessive deposits of collagen in the skin or other organs
CHV

A disease that is marked by hardening and thickening of skin, connective tissue that surrounds other tissues and organs, and blood vessels.
NCI

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LacZ-genen

The lacZ gene is a popular reporter gene in transfection experiments because its product, b-galactosidase, is very stable, resistant to proteolytic degradation, and easily assayed.
NCI

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mozek – nemoci

Pathologic conditions affecting the BRAIN, which is composed of the intracranial components of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. This includes (but is not limited to) the CEREBRAL CORTEX; intracranial white matter; BASAL GANGLIA; THALAMUS; HYPOTHALAMUS; BRAIN STEM; and CEREBELLUM.
MSH

pathologic conditions affecting the brain, which is composed of the intracranial components of the central nervous system.
CSP

The brain is the control center of the body. It controls thoughts, memory, speech and movement. It regulates the function of many organs. When the brain is healthy, it works quickly and automatically. However, when problems occur, the results can be devastating.

Inflammation in the brain can lead to problems such as vision loss, weakness and paralysis. Loss of brain cells, which happens if you suffer a stroke, can affect your ability to think clearly. Brain tumors can also press on nerves and affect brain function. Some brain diseases are genetic. And we do not know what causes some brain diseases, such as Alzheimer`s disease.

The symptoms of brain diseases vary widely depending on the specific problem. In some cases, damage is permanent. In other cases, treatments such as surgery, medicines or physical therapy can correct the source of the problem or improve symptoms.


MEDLINEPLUS

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ornithindekarboxylasa

A pyridoxal-phosphate protein, believed to be the rate-limiting compound in the biosynthesis of polyamines. It catalyzes the decarboxylation of ornithine to form putrescine, which is then linked to a propylamine moiety of decarboxylated S-adenosylmethionine to form spermidine. EC 4.1.1.17.
MSH

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poplatky farmaceutické

Amounts charged to the patient or third-party payer for medication. It includes the pharmacist`s professional fee and cost of ingredients, containers, etc.
MSH

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propedeutika lékařská

Preparatory education meeting the requirements for admission to medical school.
MSH

instruction or training which precedes and prepares for the study of medicine.
CSP

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mazové žlázy

Small, sacculated organs found within the DERMIS. Each gland has a single duct that emerges from a cluster of oval alveoli. Each alveolus consists of a transparent BASEMENT MEMBRANE enclosing epithelial cells. The ducts from most sebaceous glands open into a HAIR FOLLICLE, but some open on the general surface of the SKIN. Sebaceous glands secrete SEBUM.
MSH

small, sacculated organs found within the dermis which secrete sebum; ducts from most sebaceous glands open into a hair follicle but some open on the general surface of the skin.
CSP

Small glands located within the epidermis, and associated with the hair follicle, that produce and secrete an oily substance that lubricates the skin and hair.
NCI

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laryngální svaly

The striated muscle groups which move the LARYNX as a whole or its parts, such as altering tension of the VOCAL CORDS, or size of the slit (RIMA GLOTTIDIS).
MSH

intrinsic muscles of the larynx are the vocal, aryepiglottic, arytenoid, cricoarytenoid, cricothyroid, thyroarytenoid, and thyroepiglottic.
CSP

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brokresin

A histidine decarboxylase inhibitor.
MSH

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osmium

Osmium. A very hard, gray, toxic, and nearly infusible metal element, atomic number 76, atomic weight 190.2, symbol Os. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

very hard, gray, toxic and nearly infusible metal; atomic number 76, symbol Os.
CSP

An element with atomic symbol Os, atomic number 76, and atomic weight 190.23.
NCI

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ferredoxin-NADP-reduktasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation and reduction of FERREDOXIN or ADRENODOXIN in the presence of NADP. EC 1.18.1.2 was formerly listed as EC 1.6.7.1 and EC 1.6.99.4.
MSH

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Eimeria

A genus of protozoan parasites of the subclass COCCIDIA. Various species are parasitic in the epithelial cells of the liver and intestines of man and other animals.
MSH

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jednotky samopéče

Rooms in health care facilities for patients who require a minimal level of care.
MSH

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lawrencium

Lawrencium. A radioactive actinide discovered in 1961. It has the atomic symbol Lr, atomic number 103, and atomic weight of 257. There are two isotopes with mass number 257 or 258, and mass number 256.
MSH

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bronchiolitida obliterující

Inflammation of the BRONCHIOLES leading to an obstructive lung disease. Bronchioles are characterized by fibrous granulation tissue with bronchial exudates in the lumens. Clinical features include a nonproductive cough and DYSPNEA.
MSH

Inflammation of the bronchioles with obstruction by fibrous granulation tissue or bronchial exudate. It may follow inhalation of irritating gases or foreign bodies and it complicates pneumonia.
NCI

A condition in which the bronchioles (tiny branches of air tubes in the lungs) become inflamed and blocked. It may be caused by breathing in gases or particles that irritate the bronchioles. This irritation causes scar tissue to form, and makes breathing difficult. Bronchiolitis olbiterans may be caused by other factors, and can also occur after a transplant with an organ or stem cells from a matched donor.
NCI

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osteomyelitida

inflammation of the bone marrow and adjacent bone caused by a pyogenic organism; it may remain localized or may spread through the bone to involve the marrow, cortex, cancellous tissue, and periosteum.
CSP

Inflammation of the bone caused by an infection, which may spread to the bone marrow and tissues near the bone. Osteomyelitis can cause severe pain in the infected bone. If it is not treated, it can kill bone tissue.
NCI

An acute or chronic inflammation of the bone and its structures due to infection with pyogenic bacteria.
NCI

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fétus – makrozomie

A condition of fetal overgrowth leading to a large-for-gestational-age FETUS. It is defined as BIRTH WEIGHT greater than 4,000 grams or above the 90th percentile for population and sex-specific growth curves. It is commonly seen in GESTATIONAL DIABETES; PROLONGED PREGNANCY; and pregnancies complicated by pre-existing diabetes mellitus.
MSH

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