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dýchání umělé

Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
MSH

any method of artifical breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs; artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have respiratory insufficiency to increase their intake of oxygen and excretion of carbon dioxide.
CSP

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sýr

A nutritious food consisting primarily of the curd or the semisolid substance formed when milk coagulates.
MSH

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Indiana

A state in the north central United States. Its capital is Indianapolis.
NCI

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retence (psychologie)

The persistence to perform a learned behavior (facts or experiences) after an interval has elapsed in which there has been no performance or practice of the behavior.
MSH

persistence of learned act or information, psychology concept
CHV

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hrudník – bolest

Pressure, burning, or numbness in the chest.
MSH

Having a pain in your chest can be scary. It does not always mean that you are having a heart attack. There can be many other causes, including

Some of these problems can also be serious. Get immediate medical care if you have chest pain that does not go away, crushing pain or pressure in the chest, or chest pain along with nausea, sweating, dizziness or shortness of breath. Treatment depends on the cause of the pain.


MEDLINEPLUS

Chest pain.
NCI

Pain in the chest.
NCI

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kojenecká mortalita

Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
MSH

all human infant deaths reported in a given population; statistically reported.
CSP

Any disease or condition resulting in postnatal death before age 1 yr. (NCI)
NCI

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retinopatie nedonošených

A bilateral retinopathy occurring in premature infants treated with excessively high concentrations of oxygen, characterized by vascular dilatation, proliferation, and tortuosity, edema, and retinal detachment, with ultimate conversion of the retina into a fibrous mass that can be seen as a dense retrolental membrane. Usually growth of the eye is arrested and may result in microophthalmia, and blindness may occur. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

bilateral retinopathy typically occurring in premature infants treated with high concentrations of oxygen; characterized by vascular dilation, proliferation, and tortuosity, edema, and retinal detachment with ultimate conversion of the retina into a fibrous mass; usually growth of the eye is arrested and may result in microophthalmia; blindness may occur.
CSP

A bilateral retinopathy characterized by neovascularization, scarring, retinal detachment, and eventually blindness. It may be mild or severe. It occurs in babies born prematurely. Causes include oxygen toxicity and hypoxia.
NCI

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dětská mortalita

Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.
MSH

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informace – šíření

The circulation or wide dispersal of information.
MSH

circulation or wide dispersal of information.
CSP

For information to be useful, not only does it need to be made available at the right time to those who need it such as policy makers, program planners, and health professionals, and patients but it has to be in the right form. Information Dissemination includes both research into means of information distribution and the actual distribution of information.
NCI

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reologie

The study of the deformation and flow of matter, usually liquids or fluids, and of the plastic flow of solids. The concept covers consistency, dilatancy, liquefaction, resistance to flow, shearing, thixotrophy, and VISCOSITY.
MSH

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Chlamydiales

An order of obligately intracellular, gram-negative bacteria that have the chlamydia-like developmental cycle of replication. This is a two-stage cycle that includes a metabolically inactive infectious form, and a vegetative form that replicates by binary fission. Members of Chlamydiales are disseminated by aerosol or by contact. There are at least six recognized families: CHLAMYDIACEAE, Criblamydiaceae, Parachlamydiaceae, Rhabdochlamydia, Simkaniaceae, and Waddliaceae.
MSH

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injekce subkutánní

Forceful administration under the skin of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through a hollow needle piercing the skin.
MSH

Injection, subcutaneous


HL7V3.0

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Rhodospirillaceae

A family of phototrophic bacteria, in the order Rhodospirillales, isolated from stagnant water and mud.
MSH

A taxonomic family of photosynthesizing bacterium, the majority of which are purple non-sulfur bacterium, in the phylum Proteobacteria that includes the genera Azospirillium, Inquilinus and Rhodospirillum, among others.
NCI

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fenylsulfonan chlorortuťnatý

A cytotoxic sulfhydryl reagent that inhibits several subcellular metabolic systems and is used as a tool in cellular physiology.
MSH

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inseminace umělá

Artificial introduction of SEMEN or SPERMATOZOA into the VAGINA to facilitate FERTILIZATION.
MSH

Introduction of sperm into the female reproductive tract by artificial means in order to achieve fertilization.
NCI

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Ricin A Chain

One of the two glycoprotein disulfide-linked chains of Ricinus Communis Agglutin II that causes protein synthesis inhibition and cell death. (NCI)
NCI

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cholekalciferol

Derivative of 7-dehydroxycholesterol formed by ULTRAVIOLET RAYS breaking of the C9-C10 bond. It differs from ERGOCALCIFEROL in having a single bond between C22 and C23 and lacking a methyl group at C24.
MSH

produced in human and other animal tissue by photoactivation (normally sunlight on skin) of 7-dehydrocholesterol.
CSP

A steroid hormone produced in the skin when exposed to ultraviolet light or obtained from dietary sources. The active form of cholecalciferol, 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (calcitriol) plays an important role in maintaining blood calcium and phosphorus levels and mineralization of bone. The activated form of cholecalciferol binds to vitamin D receptors and modulates gene expression. This leads to an increase in serum calcium concentrations by increasing intestinal absorption of phosphorus and calcium, promoting distal renal tubular reabsorption of calcium and increasing osteoclastic resorption.
NCI

Vitamin D synthesized from ergosterol in yeast and plants.
NCI

A nutrient that the body needs in small amounts to function and stay healthy. Cholecalciferol helps the body use calcium and phosphorus to make strong bones and teeth. It is fat-soluble (can dissolve in fats and oils) and is found in fatty fish, egg yolks, and dairy products. Skin exposed to sunshine can also make cholecalciferol. Not enough cholecalciferol can cause a bone disease called rickets. It is being studied in the prevention and treatment of some types of cancer.
NCI

A steroid hormone produced in the skin when exposed to ultraviolet light or obtained from dietary sources. The active form of cholecalciferol, 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (calcitriol) plays an important role in maintaining blood calcium and phosphorus levels and mineralization of bone. The activated form of cholecalciferol binds to vitamin D receptors and modulates gene expression. This leads to an increase in serum calcium concentrations by increasing intestinal absorption of phosphorus and calcium, promoting distal renal tubular reabsorption of calcium and increasing osteoclastic resorption. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39734&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39734&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C48194″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

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Encephalitozoon cuniculi

A species of parasitic FUNGI. This intracellular parasite is found in the BRAIN; HEART; and KIDNEYS of several MAMMALS. Transmission is probably by ingestion of the spores (SPORES, FUNGAL).
MSH

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pojistná škoda – hlášení

The design, completion, and filing of forms with the insurer.
MSH

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riskování

Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
MSH

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eosin

A versatile red dye used in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, textiles, etc., and as tissue stain, vital stain, and counterstain with HEMATOXYLIN. It is also used in special culture media.
MSH

Dye and chemical solution stains for medical purposes are mixtures of synthetic or natural dyes or nondye chemicals in solutions used in staining cells and tissues for diagnostic histopathology, cytopathology, or hematology.
SPN

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cholesteroloxidasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of cholesterol in the presence of molecular oxygen to 4-cholesten-3-one and hydrogen peroxide. The enzyme is not specific for cholesterol, but will also oxidize other 3-hydroxysteroids. EC 1.1.3.6.
MSH

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nukleoproteiny

Proteins conjugated with nucleic acids.
MSH

any supramolecular complex of protein and nucleic acid (DNP, RNP); or, any protein usually found closely associated with nucleic acid (e.g., histones).
CSP

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Interferon Alfa-2b

A non-glycosylated recombinant interferon with antiviral and antineoplastic activities. Alfa interferons bind to specific cell-surface receptors, resulting in the transcription and translation of genes whose protein products mediate antiviral, antiproliferative, anticancer, and immune-modulating effects. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=462279&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=462279&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C1953″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A non-glycosylated recombinant interferon alpha, subtype 2b, used as an antiviral and antineoplastic agent. Alpha interferons bind to specific cell-surface receptors, resulting in the transcription and translation of genes whose protein products mediate antiviral, antiproliferative, anticancer, and immune-modulating effects. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=448847&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=448847&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C1953″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A drug used to treat some infections caused by viruses and several types of cancer. These include hairy cell leukemia, melanoma, and follicular lymphoma. It is a form of interferon alfa (a substance normally made by cells of the immune system) that is made in the laboratory. It is a type of biological response modifier.
NCI

A non-glycosylated recombinant interferon with antiviral and antineoplastic activities. Alfa interferons bind to specific cell-surface receptors, resulting in the transcription and translation of genes whose protein products mediate antiviral, antiproliferative, anticancer, and immune-modulating effects.
NCI

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RNA malá jaderná

Short chains of RNA (100-300 nucleotides long) that are abundant in the nucleus and usually complexed with proteins in snRNPs (RIBONUCLEOPROTEINS, SMALL NUCLEAR). Many function in the processing of messenger RNA precursors. Others, the snoRNAs (RNA, SMALL NUCLEOLAR), are involved with the processing of ribosomal RNA precursors.
MSH

short chains of RNA (100-300 nucleotides long) that are abundant in the nucleus and usually complexed with proteins in small nuclear ribonucleoproteins; many function in the processing of messenger RNA precursors; others, the small nucleolar RNAs, are involved with the processing of ribosomal RNA precursors.
CSP

Small nuclear RNA. A class of abundant small nuclear RNAs involved in RNA processing (splicing, 3` end maturation). These snRNAs associate with specific proteins to form the small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particles (snRNP) directly involved in RNA processing. Seven known snRNAs have been termed U1 through U7 snRNA.
NCI

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epilepsie tonicko-klonická

A generalized seizure disorder characterized by recurrent major motor seizures. The initial brief tonic phase is marked by trunk flexion followed by diffuse extension of the trunk and extremities. The clonic phase features rhythmic flexor contractions of the trunk and limbs, pupillary dilation, elevations of blood pressure and pulse, urinary incontinence, and tongue biting. This is followed by a profound state of depressed consciousness (post-ictal state) which gradually improves over minutes to hours. The disorder may be cryptogenic, familial, or symptomatic (caused by an identified disease process). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p329)
MSH

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chorioadenom

A uterine tumor derived from persistent gestational TROPHOBLASTS, most likely after a molar pregnancy (HYDATIDIFORM MOLE). Invasive hyadatiform mole develops in about 15% of patients after evacuation of a complete mole and less frequently after other types of gestation. It may perforate the MYOMETRIUM and erode uterine vessels causing hemorrhage.
MSH

A type of cancer that grows into the muscular wall of the uterus. It is formed after conception (fertilization of an egg by a sperm). It may spread to other parts of the body, such as the vagina, vulva, and lung.
NCI

This term is used when a complete mole or very rarely a partial mole invades the myometrium. Microscopically, villi of hydatidiform mole are present within the myometrium or the myometrial vessels. Patients have persistent or rising hCG levels.
NCI

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ošetřovatelské zhodnocení

Evaluation of the nature and extent of nursing problems presented by a patient for the purpose of patient care planning.
MSH

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interneurony

Most generally any neurons which are not motor or sensory. Interneurons may also refer to neurons whose axons remain within a particular brain region as contrasted with projection neurons which have axons projecting to other brain regions.
MSH

generally neurons which are not motor or sensory; may also refer to neurons whose axons remain within a particular brain region as contrasted with projection neurons which have axons projecting to other brain regions.
CSP

A general term for any neurons which are not motor or sensory. Interneuron may also refer to neurons whose axons remain within a particular brain region as contrasted with projection neurons which have axons projecting to other brain regions. (from MeSH)
NCI

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tyčinky – zevní segmenty

The portion of a retinal rod cell situated between the ROD INNER SEGMENT and the RETINAL PIGMENT EPITHELIUM. It contains a stack of photosensitive disk membranes laden with RHODOPSIN.
MSH

A portion of the retinal rod cell largely consisting of a stack of discs (membrane infoldings that are incompletely separated in cones) that are continually replenished near the inner segment and that are shed from the distal end and phagocytosed by the pigmented epithelium.
NCI

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