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T-lymfocyty pomocné-indukující

Subpopulation of CD4+ lymphocytes that cooperate with other lymphocytes (either T or B) to initiate a variety of immune functions. For example, helper-inducer T-cells cooperate with B-cells to produce antibodies to thymus-dependent antigens and with other subpopulations of T-cells to initiate a variety of cell-mediated immune functions.
MSH

subpopulation of CD4+ lymphocytes that cooperate with other lymphocytes (either T or B) to initiate a variety of immune functions; for example, helper-inducer T-cells cooperate with B-cells to produce antibodies to thymus-dependent antigens and with other subpopulations of T-cells to initiate a variety of cell-mediated immune functions.
CSP

A type of white blood cell that helps stimulate immune system reactions. Helper T cells help activate cytotoxic T cells and macrophages by secreting cytokines. They also stimulate B cells to make antibodies.
NCI

A subpopulation of CD4+ lymphocytes that cooperate with other lymphocytes (either T or B) to initiate a variety of immune functions. (MeSH)
NCI

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demekolcin

An alkaloid isolated from Colchicum autumnale L. and used as an antineoplastic.
MSH

A colchicine analog with potential antimitotic and antineoplastic activities. Demecolcine acid binds to the colchicine-binding site of tubulin, inhibiting its polymerization into microtubules, causing cell cycle arrest at metaphase and preventing cell division.
NCI

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stomatologické nemoci

General or unspecified diseases of the stomatognathic system, comprising the mouth, teeth, jaws, and pharynx.
MSH

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arteriografie

A procedure to x-ray arteries. The arteries can be seen because of an injection of a dye that outlines the vessels on an x-ray.
NCI

The X-ray examination of the arterial blood vessels.
NCI

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filadelfský chromozóm

An aberrant form of human CHROMOSOME 22 characterized by translocation of the distal end of chromosome 9 from 9q34, to the long arm of chromosome 22 at 22q11. It is present in the bone marrow cells of 80 to 90 per cent of patients with chronic myelocytic leukemia (LEUKEMIA, MYELOGENOUS, CHRONIC, BCR-ABL POSITIVE).
MSH

An abnormality of chromosome 22 in which part of chromosome 9 is transferred to it. Bone marrow cells that contain the Philadelphia chromosome are often found in chronic myelogenous leukemia.
NCI

A translocation between chromosomes 9 and 22. It is the hallmark for chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML).
NCI

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adenom pleomorfní

A benign, slow-growing tumor, most commonly of the salivary gland, occurring as a small, painless, firm nodule, usually of the parotid gland, but also found in any major or accessory salivary gland anywhere in the oral cavity. It is most often seen in women in the fifth decade. Histologically, the tumor presents a variety of cells: cuboidal, columnar, and squamous cells, showing all forms of epithelial growth. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

A neoplasm characterized by the presence of benign epithelial and myoepithelial cells and a mesenchymal component that may contain mucoid, myxoid, cartilaginous, or osseous areas. It may be completely or partially encapsulated. It occurs in the parotid gland, submandibular gland, minor salivary glands in the oral cavity, upper respiratory tract, and nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. It usually presents as a slow growing painless mass. Infrequently, patients may present with pain and facial palsy. It may recur after excision or transform to a malignant neoplasm (carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma).
NCI

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hematopoéza extramedulární

The formation and development of blood cells outside the BONE MARROW, as in the SPLEEN; LIVER; or LYMPH NODES.
MSH

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zubní kavita – preparace

An operation in which carious material is removed from teeth and biomechanically correct forms are established in the teeth to receive and retain restorations. A constant requirement is provision for prevention of failure of the restoration through recurrence of decay or inadequate resistance to applied stresses. (Boucher`s Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239-40)
MSH

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stres mechanický

A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.
MSH

physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion.
CSP

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arylsulfonany

Organic sulfonic acid esters or salts which contain an aromatic hydrocarbon radical.
MSH

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fosfátacetyltransferasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of acetylphosphate from acetyl-CoA and inorganic phosphate. Acetylphosphate serves as a high-energy phosphate compound. EC 2.3.1.8.
MSH

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Mollusca

phylum of the kingdom Metazoa; organisms have soft, unsegmented bodies with an anterior head, a dorsal visceral mass, and a ventral foot; most are encased in a protective calcareous shell; includes the classes Gastropoda, Bivalvia, Cephalopoda, Aplacophora, Scaphopoda, Polyplacophora, and Monoplacophora.
CSP

A phylum of the kingdom Metazoa. Mollusca have soft, unsegmented bodies with an anterior head, a dorsal visceral mass, and a ventral foot. Most are encased in a protective calcareous shell. It includes the classes GASTROPODA; BIVALVIA; CEPHALOPODA; Aplacophora; Scaphopoda; Polyplacophora; and Monoplacophora.
MSH

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hemoglobin A glykosylovaný

Minor hemoglobin components of human erythrocytes designated A1a, A1b, and A1c. Hemoglobin A1c is most important since its sugar moiety is glucose covalently bound to the terminal amino acid of the beta chain. Since normal glycohemoglobin concentrations exclude marked blood glucose fluctuations over the preceding three to four weeks, the concentration of glycosylated hemoglobin A is a more reliable index of the blood sugar average over a long period of time.
MSH

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zubní plak

A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.
MSH

film that attaches to teeth, often causing dental caries and gingivitis; composed of mucins, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.
CSP

A biofilm that contains numerous microorganisms that adheres to the teeth.
NCI

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Sturgeův-Weberův syndrom

A non-inherited congenital condition with vascular and neurological abnormalities. It is characterized by facial vascular nevi (PORT-WINE STAIN), and capillary angiomatosis of intracranial membranes (MENINGES; CHOROID). Neurological features include EPILEPSY; cognitive deficits; GLAUCOMA; and visual defects.
MSH

A rare, congenital disorder that affects the brain, skin, and eyes. Abnormal blood vessel growth occurs in the trigeminal nerve in the face and the meninges (covering) of the brain. This abnormal growth causes red or purple skin discoloration (sometimes called a port wine stain), usually on one side of the face, and can also cause seizures, learning disabilities, and glaucoma.
NCI

A congenital disorder characterized by the presence of a port-wine nevus birthmark on one or both sides of the face. Additional clinical manifestations may include seizures, leptomenigeal angiomas, glaucoma, progressive hemiparesis and cognitive deficits.
NCI

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aspartátová amoniaklyasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of aspartic acid to ammonia and fumaric acid in plants and some microorganisms. EC 4.3.1.1.
MSH

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fosfolipasy

A class of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of phosphoglycerides or glycerophosphatidates. EC 3.1.-.
MSH

Enzymes that catalyze the cleavage of a phospholipid molecule by the addition of water, thereby causing hydrolysis. The classification is based on the specificity of the bond cleaved. Hydrolytic activity initiates signaling cascades in the cell.
NCI

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proteiny přenášející monosacharidy

A large group of membrane transport proteins that shuttle MONOSACCHARIDES across CELL MEMBRANES.
MSH

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virus Junin

A species of ARENAVIRUS, part of the New World Arenaviruses (ARENAVIRUSES, NEW WORLD), causing Argentinian hemorrhagic fever. The disease is characterized by congestion, edema, generalized lymphadenopathy and hemorrhagic necrosis and is sometimes fatal.
MSH

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dentin sekundární

Dentin formed by normal pulp after completion of root end formation.
MSH

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abstinenční syndrom

Physiological and psychological symptoms associated with withdrawal from the use of a drug after prolonged administration or habituation. The concept includes withdrawal from smoking or drinking, as well as withdrawal from an administered drug.
MSH

Substance withdrawal syndrome – a substance-specific organic brain syndrome that follows the discontinuation of administration or use, or reduction in intake of an addictive substance, e.g. opioids, barbiturates and alcohol; amphetamines or similarly acting sympathomimetics; cocaine; nicotine; sedatives, hypnotics, or anxiolytics. Syndrome manifests with diverse, often painful physical and psychological symptoms, which include but not limited to intense drug craving, anxiety, depression, insomnia, nausea, perspiration, body aches, tremors, hallucinations, and convulsions.
NCI

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astigmatismus

Unequal curvature of the refractive surfaces of the eye. Thus a point source of light cannot be brought to a point focus on the retina but is spread over a more or less diffuse area. This results from the radius of curvature in one plane being longer or shorter than the radius at right angles to it. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

optical defect in which refractive power is not uniform in all directions (meridians); light rays entering the eye are bent unequally by different meridians, which prevents formation of a sharp image focus on the retina.
CSP

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fosvel

An organothiophosphate insecticide.
MSH

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viry mozaiky

Viruses which produce a mottled appearance of the leaves of plants.
MSH

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hepatitida A

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by a member of the HEPATOVIRUS genus, HUMAN HEPATITIS A VIRUS. It can be transmitted through fecal contamination of food or water.
MSH

inflammation of the liver due to microorganism infection.
CSP

hepatitis caused by Hepatovirus (Hepatitis A virus); it can be transmitted through fecal contamination of food or water.
CSP

Acute inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus. It is highly contagious and usually contracted through close contact with an infected individual or their feces, contaminated food or water.
NCI

Hepatitis A is one type of hepatitis – a liver disease – caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). The disease is spread primarily through food or water contaminated by stool from an infected person. You can get HAV from

  • Eating food prepared by someone with HAV who did not wash their hands after using the bathroom
  • Having anal/oral sex with someone with HAV
  • Not washing your hands after changing a diaper
  • Drinking contaminated water

HAV can cause swelling of the liver, but it rarely causes lasting damage. You may feel as if you have the flu, or you may have no symptoms at all. It usually gets better on its own after several weeks.

The hepatitis A vaccine can prevent HAV. Healthy habits also make a difference. Wash your hands thoroughly before preparing food, after using the toilet or after changing a diaper. International travelers should be careful about drinking tap water.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

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deoxycytidin

nucleoside component of DNA; composed of cytosine and deoxyribose.
CSP

A drug that protects healthy tissues from the toxic effects of anticancer drugs.
NCI

a drug that protects healthy cells from the toxic effects of anticancer drugs
CHV

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sulfacetamid

An anti-infective agent that is used topically to treat skin infections and orally for urinary tract infections.
MSH

A synthetic sulfanylacetamide derivative with bacteriostatic activity. Sulfacetamide inhibits bacterial folic acid synthesis by competing with para amino benzoic acid. With a broad spectrum of action, it is used as an anti-infective topical agent to treat skin infections and as an oral agent for urinary tract infections. (NCI04)
NCI

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nodus atrioventricularis

A small nodular mass of specialized muscle fibers located in the interatrial septum near the opening of the coronary sinus. It gives rise to the atrioventricular bundle of the conduction system of the heart.
MSH

small nodular mass of specialized muscle fibers located in the interatrial septum near the opening of the coronary sinus.
CSP

Subdivision of conducting system of heart which is located in the muscular part of the interatrial septum that is continuous with the atrioventricular bundle.
FMA

A small mass of specialized cardiac muscle fibers, located near the ostium of the coronary sinus and giving rise to the atrioventricular bundle of the conduction system of the heart.
NCI

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tělesná zdatnost

The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.
MSH

state of well-being in which performance is optimal, often as a result of physical conditioning which may be prescribed for disease therapy.
CSP

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dentice – fyziologické jevy

Physiological processes and properties of the DENTITION.
MSH

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