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žárlivost

An irrational reaction compounded of grief, loss of self-esteem, enmity against the rival and self criticism.
MSH

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Etiology aspects

Used with diseases for causative agents including microorganisms and includes environmental and social factors and personal habits as contributing factors. It includes pathogenesis.
MSH

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spasmolytika

agent that relieves spasm, usually of smooth muscles as in arteries, bronchi, intestine, bile duct, or ureters, but also of voluntary muscle.
CSP

Any agent that prevents or relieves muscle spasms, mainly ones originating from smooth muscle contractions of the stomach, bladder and intestines.
NCI

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chromozómy lidské, 16-18

The short, submetacentric human chromosomes, called group E in the human chromosome classification. This group consists of chromosome pairs 16, 17, and 18.
MSH

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pentachlorfenol

An insecticide and herbicide that has also been used as a wood preservative. Pentachlorphenol is a widespread environmental pollutant. Both chronic and acute pentachlorophenol poisoning are medical concerns. The range of its biological actions is still being actively explored, but it is clearly a potent enzyme inhibitor and has been used as such as an experimental tool.
MSH

a kind of insecticide and herbicide
CHV

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kyselina kainová

(2S-(2 alpha,3 beta,4 beta))-2-Carboxy-4-(1-methylethenyl)-3-pyrrolidineacetic acid. Ascaricide obtained from the red alga Digenea simplex. It is a potent excitatory amino acid agonist at some types of excitatory amino acid receptors and has been used to discriminate among receptor types. Like many excitatory amino acid agonists it can cause neurotoxicity and has been used experimentally for that purpose.
MSH

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Excision Repair

Excision Repair mechanisms remove and replace damaged nucleotides from DNA molecules with new nucleotide subunits, e.g., Base Excision Repair, Nucleotide Excision Repair, or SOS Function.
NCI

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řeč – diskriminační testy

Tests of the ability to hear and understand speech as determined by scoring the number of words in a word list repeated correctly.
MSH

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chrysarobin

An extract of Goa powder; a complex mixture of reduction products of chrysophanic acid, emodin, and emodin monomethyl ether; used locally in ringworm, psoriasis, and eczema.
NCI

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peptidy – mapování

Analysis of PEPTIDES that are generated from the digestion or fragmentation of a protein or mixture of PROTEINS, by ELECTROPHORESIS; CHROMATOGRAPHY; or MASS SPECTROMETRY. The resulting peptide fingerprints are analyzed for a variety of purposes including the identification of the proteins in a sample, GENETIC POLYMORPHISMS, patterns of gene expression, and patterns diagnostic for diseases.
MSH

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keratokonjunktivitida suchá

Drying and inflammation of the conjunctiva as a result of insufficient lacrimal secretion. When found in association with XEROSTOMIA and polyarthritis, it is called SJOGREN`S SYNDROME.
MSH

WHAT: Keratoconjunctivitis sicca.
AIR

drying and inflammation of the conjunctiva as a result of insufficient lacrimal secretion.
CSP

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extracelulární tekutina

The fluid of the body that is outside of CELLS. It is the external environment for the cells.
MSH

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spermin

A biogenic polyamine formed from spermidine. It is found in a wide variety of organisms and tissues and is an essential growth factor in some bacteria. It is found as a polycation at all pH values. Spermine is associated with nucleic acids, particularly in viruses, and is thought to stabilize the helical structure.
MSH

biogenic polyamine formed from spermidine, found in a wide variety of organisms and tissues and an essential growth factor in some bacteria; it is associated with nucleic acids, particularly in viruses, and is thought to stabilize the helical structure.
CSP

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cirkulární dichroismus

A change from planar to elliptic polarization when an initially plane-polarized light wave traverses an optically active medium. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

planar polarization converts to eliptic polarization when plane polarized light travels through an optically active medium.
CSP

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periapikální absces

Acute or chronic inflammation of tissues surrounding the apical portion of a tooth, associated with the collection of pus, resulting from infection following pulp infection through a carious lesion or as a result of an injury causing pulp necrosis. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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ledviny – kameny

Stones in the KIDNEY, usually formed in the urine-collecting area of the kidney (KIDNEY PELVIS). Their sizes vary and most contains CALCIUM OXALATE.
MSH

A kidney stone is a solid piece of material that forms in the kidney from substances in the urine. It may be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a pearl. Most kidney stones pass out of the body without help from a doctor. But sometimes a stone will not go away. It may get stuck in the urinary tract, block the flow of urine and cause great pain.

The following may be signs of kidney stones that need a doctor`s help:

  • Extreme pain in your back or side that will not go away
  • Blood in your urine
  • Fever and chills
  • Vomiting
  • Urine that smells bad or looks cloudy
  • A burning feeling when you urinate

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by the formation of crystals in the pelvis of the kidney.
NCI

Crystals in the pelvis of the kidney.
NCI

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oční infekce virové

Infections of the eye caused by minute intracellular agents. These infections may lead to severe inflammation in various parts of the eye – conjunctiva, iris, eyelids, etc. Several viruses have been identified as the causative agents. Among these are Herpesvirus, Adenovirus, Poxvirus, and Myxovirus.
MSH

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páteř – nádory

A primary or metastatic neoplasm that occurs within the spinal canal including the spinal cord and surrounding paraspinal spaces.
NCI

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rozštěp rtu

Congenital defect in the upper lip where the maxillary prominence fails to merge with the merged medial nasal prominences. It is thought to be caused by faulty migration of the mesoderm in the head region.
MSH

congenital defect in the upper lip where the maxillary prominence fails to merge with the merged medial nasal prominences; thought to be caused by faulty migration of the mesoderm in the head region.
CSP

A congenital abnormality consisting of one or more clefts (splits) in the upper lip, which may be accompanied by a cleft palate; it is the result of the failure of the embryonic parts of the lip to fuse.
NCI

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parodontální chobot

An abnormal extension of a gingival sulcus accompanied by the apical migration of the epithelial attachment and bone resorption.
MSH

An abnormal deepening of a gingival sulcus associated with destruction of the supporting periodontal tissue.
NCI

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kinetika

The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
MSH

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faktor IXa

Activated form of factor IX. This activation can take place via the intrinsic pathway by the action of factor XIa and calcium, or via the extrinsic pathway by the action of factor VIIa, thromboplastin, and calcium. Factor IXa serves to activate factor X to Xa by cleaving the arginyl-leucine peptide bond in factor X.
MSH

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slezina – nemoci

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the spleen.
CSP

Your spleen is an organ above your stomach and under your ribs on your left side. It is about as big as your fist. The spleen is part of your lymphatic system, which fights infection and keeps your body fluids in balance. It contains white blood cells that fight germs. Your spleen also helps control the amount of blood in your body, and destroys old and damaged cells.

Certain diseases might cause your spleen to swell. You can also damage or rupture your spleen in an injury, especially if it is already swollen. If your spleen is too damaged, you might need surgery to remove it. You can live without a spleen. Other organs, such as your liver, will take over some of the spleen`s work. Without a spleen, however, your body will lose some of its ability to fight infections.


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder of the spleen.
NCI

A non-neoplastic or neoplastic disorder affecting the spleen. Examples include infection, hemangioma, lymphoma, leukemia and angiosarcoma.
NCI

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klonidin

An imidazoline sympatholytic agent that stimulates ALPHA-2 ADRENERGIC RECEPTORS and central IMIDAZOLINE RECEPTORS. It is commonly used in the management of HYPERTENSION.
MSH

alpha-2 adrenergic agonist that crosses the blood-brain barrier; acts centrally by reducing sympathetic tone, resulting in a fall in diastolic and systolic blood pressure and a reduction in heart rate; also acts peripherally.
CSP

a hypertension treatment drug
CHV

The active ingredient in a drug used to treat high blood pressure. It is also being studied in the treatment of certain types of cancer pain. It blocks the release of chemicals from nerve endings that make blood vessels constrict (get narrower). Clonidine is a type of antihypertensive agent and a type of alpha-adrenergic agonist.
NCI

An imidazoline derivate and centrally-acting alpha-adrenergic agonist, with antihypertensive activity. Clonidine binds to and stimulates central alpha-2 adrenergic receptors, thereby reducing the amount of norepinephrine (NE) release and thus decreasing sympathetic outflow to the heart, kidneys, and peripheral vasculature. The reduction in sympathetic outflow leads to decreased peripheral vascular resistance, decreased blood pressure, and decreased heart rate. In addition, clonidine binds to imidazoline receptor subtype 1 (I1), which may also contribute to a reduction in blood pressure.
NCI

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peroxidy

A group of compounds that contain a bivalent O-O group, i.e., the oxygen atoms are univalent. They can either be inorganic or organic in nature. Such compounds release atomic (nascent) oxygen readily. Thus they are strong oxidizing agents and fire hazards when in contact with combustible materials, especially under high-temperature conditions. The chief industrial uses of peroxides are as oxidizing agents, bleaching agents, and initiators of polymerization. (From Hawley`s Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
MSH

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krypton

A noble gas that is found in the atmosphere. It has the atomic symbol Kr, atomic number 36, atomic weight 83.80, and has been used in electric bulbs.
MSH

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falešně negativní reakce

Negative test results in subjects who possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of diseased persons as healthy when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
MSH

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Saint Helena Islands

Islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, about midway between South America and Africa. (NCI)
NCI

Islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, about midway between South America and Africa. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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uhlí

A natural fuel formed by partial decomposition of vegetable matter under certain environmental conditions.
MSH

natural fossil fuel formed by partial decomposition of vegetable matter under certain environmental conditions.
CSP

Price: $1.00

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petechie

Pinpoint, unraised, round red spots under the skin caused by bleeding.
NCI

Pinpoint, flat, round red spots under the skin caused by bleeding
CHV

Purple or red pinpoint spots in the skin or mucous membranes caused by minor hemorrhage.
NCI

Pinhead size (3 mm) skin discolorization due to hemorrhage.
MSH

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