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nádory nervové tkáně

Neoplasms composed of nerve tissue. This concept does not refer to neoplasms located in the nervous system or its component nerves.
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vodíkové ionty – koncentrace

The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
MSH

Quantity of dimension one used to express on a scale from 0 to 14 the amount-of-substance concentration of hydrogen ion of dilute aqueous solution, calculated as the logarithm of the reciprocal of hydrogen-ion concentration in gram atoms per liter.
NCI

The log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
MSH

A measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a fluid on a scale of 0 to 14.
NCI

pH(1 mol/l)


HL7V3.0

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M fáze buněčného dělení

The period of the cell cycle when CELLS divide their nucleus and cytoplasm.
MSH

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riskování

Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
MSH

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nukleoproteiny

Proteins conjugated with nucleic acids.
MSH

any supramolecular complex of protein and nucleic acid (DNP, RNP); or, any protein usually found closely associated with nucleic acid (e.g., histones).
CSP

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nervová zakončení

Branch-like terminations of NERVE FIBERS, sensory or motor NEURONS. Endings of sensory neurons are the beginnings of afferent pathway to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Endings of motor neurons are the terminals of axons at the muscle cells. Nerve endings which release neurotransmitters are called PRESYNAPTIC TERMINALS.
MSH

sensory receptors for afferent fibers, neuroeffectors for efferent fibers.
CSP

Terminal inflated portion of the axon, containing the specialized apparatus necessary to release neurotransmitters. The axon terminus is considered to be the whole region of thickening and the terminal button is a specialized region of it. [GOC:dph, GOC:jl]
GO

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hydroxylamin

organic compounds that contain the -NH2OH radical.
CSP

A colorless inorganic compound (HONH2) used in organic synthesis and as a reducing agent, due to its ability to donate nitric oxide.
MSH

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cementování

The joining of objects by means of a cement (e.g., in fracture fixation, such as in hip arthroplasty for joining of the acetabular component to the femoral component). In dentistry, it is used for the process of attaching parts of a tooth or restorative material to a natural tooth or for the attaching of orthodontic bands to teeth by means of an adhesive.
MSH

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RNA malá jaderná

Short chains of RNA (100-300 nucleotides long) that are abundant in the nucleus and usually complexed with proteins in snRNPs (RIBONUCLEOPROTEINS, SMALL NUCLEAR). Many function in the processing of messenger RNA precursors. Others, the snoRNAs (RNA, SMALL NUCLEOLAR), are involved with the processing of ribosomal RNA precursors.
MSH

short chains of RNA (100-300 nucleotides long) that are abundant in the nucleus and usually complexed with proteins in small nuclear ribonucleoproteins; many function in the processing of messenger RNA precursors; others, the small nucleolar RNAs, are involved with the processing of ribosomal RNA precursors.
CSP

Small nuclear RNA. A class of abundant small nuclear RNAs involved in RNA processing (splicing, 3` end maturation). These snRNAs associate with specific proteins to form the small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particles (snRNP) directly involved in RNA processing. Seven known snRNAs have been termed U1 through U7 snRNA.
NCI

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ošetřovatelské zhodnocení

Evaluation of the nature and extent of nursing problems presented by a patient for the purpose of patient care planning.
MSH

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neurilemom

A neoplasm that arises from SCHWANN CELLS of the cranial, peripheral, and autonomic nerves. Clinically, these tumors may present as a cranial neuropathy, abdominal or soft tissue mass, intracranial lesion, or with spinal cord compression. Histologically, these tumors are encapsulated, highly vascular, and composed of a homogenous pattern of biphasic fusiform-shaped cells that may have a palisaded appearance. (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp964-5)
MSH

A tumor of the peripheral nervous system that arises in the nerve sheath (protective covering). It is almost always benign, but rare malignant schwannomas have been reported.
NCI

a benign tumor that originates from the nervous system
CHV

A benign, usually encapsulated slow growing tumor of the peripheral nervous system composed of well differentiated Schwann cells. It recurs infrequently and only rare cases associated with malignant transformation have been reported.
NCI

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hyperkalcémie

Abnormally high level of calcium in the blood.
MSH

abnormally high level of calcium in the blood; manifestations include fatigability, muscle weakness, depression, anorexia, nausea, and constipation.
CSP

Higher than normal levels of calcium in the blood. Some types of cancer increase the risk of hypercalcemia.
NCI

A disorder characterized by laboratory test results that indicate an elevation in the concentration of calcium in blood.
NCI

high level of calcium in the blood
CHV

Abnormally high concentration of calcium in the peripheral blood.
NCI

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cefamyciny

Naturally occurring family of beta-lactam cephalosporin-type antibiotics having a 7-methoxy group and possessing marked resistance to the action of beta-lactamases from gram-positive and gram-negative organisms.
MSH

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tyčinky – zevní segmenty

The portion of a retinal rod cell situated between the ROD INNER SEGMENT and the RETINAL PIGMENT EPITHELIUM. It contains a stack of photosensitive disk membranes laden with RHODOPSIN.
MSH

A portion of the retinal rod cell largely consisting of a stack of discs (membrane infoldings that are incompletely separated in cones) that are continually replenished near the inner segment and that are shed from the distal end and phagocytosed by the pigmented epithelium.
NCI

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nylidrin

A beta-adrenergic agonist. Nylidrin causes peripheral vasodilation, a positive inotropic effect, and increased gastric volume of gastric juice. It is used in the treatment of peripheral vascular disorders and premature labor.
MSH

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neuromyelitis optica

A syndrome characterized by acute OPTIC NEURITIS in combination with acute MYELITIS, TRANSVERSE. Demyelinating and/or necrotizing lesions form in one or both optic nerves and in the spinal cord. The onset of optic neuritis and myelitis may be simultaneous or separated by several months. (J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1996 Apr;60(4):382-387)
MSH

An autoimmune inflammatory syndrome characterized by optic neuritis and myelitis. Signs and symptoms include loss of vision, weakness and paralysis of the extremities, and loss of sensation.
NCI

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hyperfágie

ingestion of a greater than optimal quantity of food.
CSP

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Cerebrale pedunkel/ pedunculus cerebri

The cerebral crus is the most anterior portion of the midbrain which consists of a massive band of nerve fibers originating primarily from the cerebral cortex.
FMA

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geny rRNA

Genes, found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, which are transcribed to produce the RNA which is incorporated into RIBOSOMES. Prokaryotic rRNA genes are usually found in OPERONS dispersed throughout the GENOME, whereas eukaryotic rRNA genes are clustered, multicistronic transcriptional units.
MSH

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Occupational therapist

A health professional trained to help people who are ill or disabled learn to manage their daily activities.
NCI

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neutrony

Electrically neutral elementary particles found in all atomic nuclei except light hydrogen; the mass is equal to that of the proton and electron combined and they are unstable when isolated from the nucleus, undergoing beta decay. Slow, thermal, epithermal, and fast neutrons refer to the energy levels with which the neutrons are ejected from heavier nuclei during their decay.
MSH

An elementary particle with 0 charge and a mass about equal to that of a proton.
NCI

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hypobetalipoproteinémie

Conditions with abnormally low levels of BETA-LIPOPROTEINS (low density lipoproteins or LDL) in the blood. It is defined as LDL values equal to or less than the 5th percentile for the population. They include the autosomal dominant form involving mutation of the APOLIPOPROTEINS B gene, and the autosomal recessive form involving mutation of the microsomal triglyceride transfer protein. All are characterized by low LDL and dietary fat malabsorption.
MSH

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ZERBIZITISA/GARONDOKO EROSIO/UMONTZI LEPOKO BESTE ERITASUN

deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the cervix.
CSP

The cervix is the lower part of the uterus, the place where a baby grows during pregnancy. The cervix has a small opening that expands during childbirth. It also allows menstrual blood to leave a woman`s body.

Your healthcare provider may perform a Pap test during your health checkup to look for changes to the cells of the cervix, including cervical cancer. Other problems with the cervix include:

  • Cervicitis: inflammation of the cervix
  • Cervical incompetence: widening of the cervical opening during pregnancy long before the baby is due
  • Cervical polyps and cysts: abnormal growths on the cervix


MEDLINEPLUS

Pathological processes of the UTERINE CERVIX.
MSH

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sacharin

Flavoring agent and non-nutritive sweetener.
MSH

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mimosilniční motorová vozidla

Motorized, recreational vehicles used on non-public roads. They include all-terrain vehicles, dirt-bikes, minibikes, motorbikes, trailbikes, and snowmobiles. Excludes MOTORCYCLES, which are considered public road vehicles.
MSH

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nikotinamidasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of nicotinamide to nicotinate and ammonia. EC 3.5.1.19.
MSH

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hypotalamus – nemoci

Neoplastic, inflammatory, infectious, and other diseases of the hypothalamus. Clinical manifestations include appetite disorders; AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; SLEEP DISORDERS; behavioral symptoms related to dysfunction of the LIMBIC SYSTEM; and neuroendocrine disorders.
MSH

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sýr

A nutritious food consisting primarily of the curd or the semisolid substance formed when milk coagulates.
MSH

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slinné žlázy – nemoci

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of any of the three pairs of salivary glands, which are the parotid, sublingual, and submandibular glands.
CSP

Your salivary glands make saliva – sometimes called spit – and empty it into your mouth through openings called ducts. Saliva makes your food moist, which helps you chew and swallow. It helps you digest your food. It also cleans your mouth and contains antibodies that can kill germs.

Problems with salivary glands can cause the glands to become irritated and swollen. This causes symptoms such as

  • Bad taste in the mouth
  • Difficulty opening your mouth
  • Dry mouth
  • Pain in the face or mouth
  • Swelling of the face or neck

Causes of salivary gland problems include infections, obstruction or cancer. Problems can also be due to other disorders, such as mumps or Sjogren`s syndrome.


MEDLINEPLUS

A non-neoplastic or neoplastic (benign or malignant) disorder involving the salivary gland. — 2003
NCI

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oligoribonukleotidy

A group of ribonucleotides (up to 12) in which the phosphate residues of each ribonucleotide act as bridges in forming diester linkages between the ribose moieties.
MSH

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