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prostaglandiny F syntetické

Analogs or derivatives of prostaglandins F that do not occur naturally in the body. They do not include the product of the chemical synthesis of hormonal PGF.
MSH

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mozek – nemoci

Pathologic conditions affecting the BRAIN, which is composed of the intracranial components of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. This includes (but is not limited to) the CEREBRAL CORTEX; intracranial white matter; BASAL GANGLIA; THALAMUS; HYPOTHALAMUS; BRAIN STEM; and CEREBELLUM.
MSH

pathologic conditions affecting the brain, which is composed of the intracranial components of the central nervous system.
CSP

The brain is the control center of the body. It controls thoughts, memory, speech and movement. It regulates the function of many organs. When the brain is healthy, it works quickly and automatically. However, when problems occur, the results can be devastating.

Inflammation in the brain can lead to problems such as vision loss, weakness and paralysis. Loss of brain cells, which happens if you suffer a stroke, can affect your ability to think clearly. Brain tumors can also press on nerves and affect brain function. Some brain diseases are genetic. And we do not know what causes some brain diseases, such as Alzheimer`s disease.

The symptoms of brain diseases vary widely depending on the specific problem. In some cases, damage is permanent. In other cases, treatments such as surgery, medicines or physical therapy can correct the source of the problem or improve symptoms.


MEDLINEPLUS

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membrány

Thin layers of tissue which cover parts of the body, separate adjacent cavities, or connect adjacent structures.
MSH

A very thin layer of tissue that covers a surface.
NCI

A thin sheet or layer of pliable tissue, serving as a covering or envelope of a part, as the lining of a cavity, as a partition or septum, or to connect two structures.
NCI

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kyselina acetrizoová

An iodinated radiographic contrast medium used as acetrizoate sodium in HYSTEROSALPINGOGRAPHY.
MSH

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kyselina glycyrhetinová

An oleanolic acid from GLYCYRRHIZA that has some antiallergic, antibacterial, and antiviral properties. It is used topically for allergic or infectious skin inflammation and orally for its aldosterone effects in electrolyte regulation.
MSH

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propedeutika lékařská

Preparatory education meeting the requirements for admission to medical school.
MSH

instruction or training which precedes and prepares for the study of medicine.
CSP

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proteinkinasa závislá na cyklickém AMP – typ II

A cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase subtype primarily found in particulate subcellular fractions. They are tetrameric proteins that contain two catalytic subunits and two type II-specific regulatory subunits.
MSH

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brokresin

A histidine decarboxylase inhibitor.
MSH

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menopauza předčasná

The premature cessation of menses (MENSTRUATION) when the last menstrual period occurs in a woman under the age of 40. It is due to the depletion of OVARIAN FOLLICLES. Premature MENOPAUSE can be caused by diseases; OVARIECTOMY; RADIATION; chemicals; and chromosomal abnormalities.
MSH

Ovarian failure before the age of 40. Symptoms include hot flashes, night sweats, mood swings, and decreased sex drive.
NCI

A loss of ovarian function in women under 40.
NCI

A disorder characterized by ovarian failure before the age of 40. Symptoms include hot flashes, night sweats, mood swings and a decrease in sex drive.
NCI

A condition in which the ovaries stop working and menstrual periods stop before age 40. Natural menopause usually occurs around age 50. A woman is said to be in menopause when she hasn`t had a period for 12 months in a row. Symptoms of menopause include hot flashes, mood swings, night sweats, vaginal dryness, trouble concentrating, and infertility. Premature menopause can be caused by some cancer treatments, surgery to remove the ovaries, and certain diseases or genetic conditions.
NCI

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achondroplazie

An autosomal dominant disorder that is the most frequent form of short-limb dwarfism. Affected individuals exhibit short stature caused by rhizomelic shortening of the limbs, characteristic facies with frontal bossing and mid-face hypoplasia, exaggerated lumbar lordosis, limitation of elbow extension, GENU VARUM, and trident hand. (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Omim, MIM#100800, April 20, 2001)
MSH

autosomal dominant disorder that is the most frequent form of short-limb dwarfism; a disturbance of epiphyseal chondroblastic growth, causing inadequate enchondral bone formation.
CSP

An autosomal dominant disorder that is the most frequent form of short-limb dwarfism. Affected individuals exhibit short stature caused by rhizomelic shortening of the limbs, characteristic facies with frontal bossing and mid-face hypoplasia, exaggerated lumbar lordosis, limitation of elbow extension, genu varum, and trident hand. (MeSH)
NCI

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gonany

Steroids containing the fundamental tetracyclic unit with no methyl groups at C-10 and C-13 and with no side chain at C-17. The concept includes both saturated and unsaturated derivatives.
MSH

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Eimeria

A genus of protozoan parasites of the subclass COCCIDIA. Various species are parasitic in the epithelial cells of the liver and intestines of man and other animals.
MSH

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protoveratriny

Mixtures of closely related hypotensive alkaloids from Veratrum album (Liliaceae). They have been used in the treatment of hypertension but have largely been replaced by drugs with fewer adverse effects.
MSH

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bronchiolitida obliterující

Inflammation of the BRONCHIOLES leading to an obstructive lung disease. Bronchioles are characterized by fibrous granulation tissue with bronchial exudates in the lumens. Clinical features include a nonproductive cough and DYSPNEA.
MSH

Inflammation of the bronchioles with obstruction by fibrous granulation tissue or bronchial exudate. It may follow inhalation of irritating gases or foreign bodies and it complicates pneumonia.
NCI

A condition in which the bronchioles (tiny branches of air tubes in the lungs) become inflamed and blocked. It may be caused by breathing in gases or particles that irritate the bronchioles. This irritation causes scar tissue to form, and makes breathing difficult. Bronchiolitis olbiterans may be caused by other factors, and can also occur after a transplant with an organ or stem cells from a matched donor.
NCI

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rtuť – otrava

acute or chronic disease produced by exposure to mercury or toxic mercury compounds.
CSP

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Acremonium

A mitosporic fungal genus with many reported ascomycetous teleomorphs. Cephalosporin antibiotics are derived from this genus.
MSH

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granulom

A relatively small nodular inflammatory lesion containing grouped mononuclear phagocytes, caused by infectious and noninfectious agents.
MSH

relatively small nodular inflammatory lesion containing grouped mononuclear phagocytes, caused by infectious and noninfectious agents.
CSP

small lump caused by inflammation
CHV

An inflammatory reaction usually caused by infectious organisms, foreign bodies, or cholesterol deposits. It is characterized by the presence of epithelioid histiocytes and chronic inflammation. Often times giant cells are present. Necrosis is sometimes observed.
NCI

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elektroencefalografie

Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.
MSH

recording of electric currents developed in the brain, by means of electrodes applied to the scalp or the brain.
CSP

A recording of electrical activity in the brain. It is made by placing electrodes on the scalp (the skin covering the top of the head), and impulses are sent to a special machine. An EEG may be used to diagnose brain and sleep disorders.
NCI

The neurophysiologic exploration of the electrical activity of the brain by the application of electrodes to the scalp. The resulting traces are known as an electroencephalogram (EEG). This test is used to assess brain damage, epilepsy and other problems.
NCI

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pseudomyxom peritonea

A condition characterized by poorly-circumscribed gelatinous masses filled with malignant mucin-secreting cells. Forty-five percent of pseudomyxomas arise from the ovary, usually in a mucinous cystadenocarcinoma (CYSTADENOCARCINOMA, MUCINOUS), which has prognostic significance. Pseudomyxoma peritonei must be differentiated from mucinous spillage into the peritoneum by a benign mucocele of the appendix. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
MSH

A build-up of mucus in the peritoneal cavity. The mucus may come from ruptured ovarian cysts, from the appendix, or from other abdominal tissues. Mucus-secreting cells may attach to the peritoneal lining and continue to secrete mucus.
NCI

A well differentiated mucinous adenocarcinoma of the peritoneum. The vast majority of cases represent tumor spread from a primary well differentiated mucinous adenocarcinoma of the appendix. Cases of pseudomyxoma peritonei associated with mucinous adenocarcinomas of the gallbladder, stomach, colon, rectum, pancreas, lung, breast, and fallopian tubes have also been reported. In the past, the ovary has been considered as a common primary site associated with pseudomyxoma peritonei. However, there is recent evidence based on immunohistochemistry and molecular genetic analysis suggesting that most cases of pseudomyxoma peritonei probably represent metastasis from an appendiceal and not ovarian primary. –2005
NCI

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Bufo arenarum

A species of the true toads, Bufonidae, found in South America.
MSH

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metabolic aspects

Used with organs, cells and subcellular fractions, organisms, and diseases for biochemical changes and metabolism. It is used also with drugs and chemicals for catabolic changes (breakdown of complex molecules into simpler ones). For anabolic processes (conversion of small molecules into large), BIOSYNTHESIS is used. For enzymology, pharmacokinetics, and secretion use the specific subheadings.
MSH

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spektinomycin

An antibiotic produced by Streptomyces spectabilis. It is active against gram-negative bacteria and used for the treatment of gonorrhea.
MSH

An aminocyclitol aminoglycoside antibiotic derived from Streptomyces spectabilis with bacteriostatic activity. Spectinomycin binds to the bacterial 30S ribosomal subunit. As a result, this agent interferes with the initiation of protein synthesis and with proper protein elongation. This eventually leads to bacterial cell death.
NCI

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skupinová struktura

The informal or formal organization of a group of people based on a network of personal relationships which is influenced by the size and composition, etc., of the group.
MSH

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elektrochirurgie

Division of tissues by a high-frequency current applied locally with a metal instrument or needle. (Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

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psychologická teorie

Principles applied to the analysis and explanation of psychological or behavioral phenomena.
MSH

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vyhasnutí profesionální

An excessive stress reaction to one`s occupational or professional environment. It is manifested by feelings of emotional and physical exhaustion coupled with a sense of frustration and failure.
MSH

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methakryláty

Acrylic acids or acrylates which are substituted in the C-2 position with a methyl group.
MSH

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mitochondriální ADP/ATP-translokasy

A class of nucleotide translocases found abundantly in mitochondria that function as integral components of the inner mitochondrial membrane. They facilitate the exchange of ADP and ATP between the cytosol and the mitochondria, thereby linking the subcellular compartments of ATP production to those of ATP utilization.
MSH

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guanylcyklasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of GTP to 3`,5`-cyclic GMP and pyrophosphate. It also acts on ITP and dGTP. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 4.6.1.2.
MSH

Guanylate cyclase (GC) is an enzyme that converts GTP to the second messenger cyclic GMP (cGMP). There are two forms: plasma membrane GCs that are receptors for hormones, and intracellular soluble GCs that are activated by the gaseous second messenger nitric oxide (NO). EC 4.6.1.2
NCI

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embryonální indukce

The complex processes of initiating CELL DIFFERENTIATION in the embryo. The precise regulation by cell interactions leads to diversity of cell types and specific pattern of organization (EMBRYOGENESIS).
MSH

A process that stimulates and directs a morphogenetic influence on a population of cells. These populations are often differentiating cells or adjacent neighboring cells that are not fixed on a developmental path. Embryonic induction plays a regulatory role in the development and construction of embryos.
NCI

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