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guma arabská

Powdered exudate from various Acacia species, especially A. senegal (Leguminosae). It forms mucilage or syrup in water. Gum arabic is used as a suspending agent, excipient, and emulsifier in foods and pharmaceuticals.
MSH

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složené pryskyřice

Synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, that are widely used in dentistry.
MSH

synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, usually polymer mineral pastes, that are widely used in dentistry.
CSP

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acetabulum

Two cup shaped areas, one each on the lateral side of the lower pelvis that house the head of the femur to form the ball and socket joint of the hip. (NCI)
NCI

Two cup shaped areas, one each on the lateral side of the lower pelvis that house the head of the femur to form the ball and socket joint of the hip.
NCI

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protézy – design

The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.
MSH

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methyklothiazid

A thiazide diuretic with properties similar to those of HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p825)
MSH

A thiazide diuretic with antihypertensive activity. Methyclothiazide directly inhibits sodium and chloride reabsorption on the luminal membrane of the early segment of the distal convoluted tubule in the kidney. This results in an increase in water, sodium, chloride, potassium and bicarbonate excretion and a decrease in calcium and uric acid secretion.
NCI

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vlasy – nemoci

Diseases affecting the orderly growth and persistence of hair.
MSH

Did you know that the average person has 5 million hairs? Hair grows all over your body except on your lips, palms and the soles of your feet. It takes about a month for healthy hair to grow half an inch. Most hairs grow for up to six years and then fall out. New hairs grow in their place.

Hair helps keep you warm. It also protects your eyes, ears and nose from small particles in the air. Common problem with the hair and scalp include hair loss, infections, and flaking.


MEDLINEPLUS

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condylomata acuminata

Sexually transmitted form of anogenital warty growth caused by the human papillomaviruses.
MSH

small, pointed papilloma of viral origin, usually occurring on the skin or mucous surface of the external genitalia or perianal region.
CSP

Genital warts are a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). The warts are soft, moist, pink or flesh-colored bumps. You can have one or many of these bumps. In women, the warts usually occur in or around the vagina, on the cervix or around the anus. In men, genital warts are less common but might occur on the tip of the penis.

You can get genital warts during oral, vaginal or anal sex with an infected partner. Correct usage of latex condoms greatly reduces, but does not completely eliminate, the risk of catching or spreading HPV.

The warts might disappear on their own. If not, your health care provider can treat or remove them. The virus stays in your body even after treatment, so warts can come back.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A raised growth on the surface of the genitals caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. The HPV in genital warts is very contagious and can be spread by skin-to-skin contact, usually during oral, anal, or genital sex with an infected partner.
NCI

A sexually transmitted papillary growth caused by the human papillomavirus. It usually arises in the skin and mucous membranes of the perianal region and external genitalia.
NCI

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acetylcholinesterasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ACETYLCHOLINE to CHOLINE and acetate. In the CNS, this enzyme plays a role in the function of peripheral neuromuscular junctions. EC 3.1.1.7.
MSH

an enzyme
CHV

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proteiny

Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
MSH

linear polymers of alpha-L-aminoacids ranging in size from a few thousand to over 1 million daltons, capable of oligomerization, with specific functions dictated by aminoacid sequence and encoded genetically.
CSP

A molecule made up of amino acids that are needed for the body to function properly. Proteins are the basis of body structures such as skin and hair and of substances such as enzymes, cytokines, and antibodies.
NCI

A group of complex organic macromolecules composed of one or more chains (linear polymers) of alpha-L-amino acids linked by peptide bonds and ranging in size from a few thousand to over 1 million Daltons. Proteins are fundamental genetically encoded components of living cells with specific structures and functions dictated by amino acid sequence.
NCI

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methylfenazoniummethosulfát

Used as an electron carrier in place of the flavine enzyme of Warburg in the hexosemonophosphate system and also in the preparation of SUCCINIC DEHYDROGENASE.
MSH

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handling (psychologie)

Physical manipulation of animals and humans to induce a behavioral or other psychological reaction. In experimental psychology, the animal is handled to induce a stress situation or to study the effects of “gentling” or “mothering”.
MSH

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ESTITIKEZA

Infrequent or difficult evacuation of FECES. These symptoms are associated with a variety of causes, including low DIETARY FIBER intake, emotional or nervous disturbances, systemic and structural disorders, drug-induced aggravation, and infections.
MSH

condition in which bowel movements are infrequent or incomplete.
CSP

Constipation means that a person has three or fewer bowel movements in a week. The stool can be hard and dry. Sometimes it is painful to pass. At one time or another, almost everyone gets constipated. In most cases, it lasts a short time and is not serious.

There are many things you can do to prevent constipation. They include

  • Eating more fruits, vegetables and grains, which are high in fiber
  • Drinking plenty of water and other liquids
  • Getting enough exercise
  • Taking time to have a bowel movement when you need to
  • Using laxatives only if your doctor says you should
  • Asking your doctor if medicines you take may cause constipation

It`s not important that you have a bowel movement every day. If your bowel habits change, however, check with your doctor.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by irregular and infrequent or difficult evacuation of the bowels.
NCI

A condition in which stool becomes hard, dry, and difficult to pass, and bowel movements don`t happen very often. Other symptoms may include painful bowel movements, and feeling bloated, uncomfortable, and sluggish.
NCI

Irregular and infrequent or difficult evacuation of the bowels.
NCI

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kyseliny

Chemical compounds which yield hydrogen ions or protons when dissolved in water, whose hydrogen can be replaced by metals or basic radicals, or which react with bases to form salts and water (neutralization). An extension of the term includes substances dissolved in media other than water. (Grant & Hackh`s Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
MSH

substances whose aqueous solutions are characterized by a sour taste, the ability to turn blue litmus red, and the ability to react with bases and certain metals to form salts; yields hydrogen ions when dissolved in water, acts as a proton donor, and can accept a pair of electrons to form a covalent bond.
CSP

A substance that yields hydrogen ions or protons in aqueous solutions; a substance capable of accepting a pair of electrons for the formation of a coordinate covalent bond; a substance whose hydrogen can be replaced by metals or basic radicals, or which react with bases to form salts and water.
NCI

Refers to the amount of acid in a substance. An acid is a chemical that gives off hydrogen ions in water and forms salts by combining with certain metals.
NCI

A chemical that gives off hydrogen ions in water and forms salts by combining with certain metals. Acids have a sour taste and turn certain dyes red. Some acids made by the body, such as gastric acid, can help the body work the way it should. An example of an acid is hydrochloric acid.
NCI

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HAZNAHIA, ERRASUMINA (ESKL. UZKIGENITALA D05)

An intense itching sensation that produces the urge to rub or scratch the skin to obtain relief.
MSH

intense itching sensation that produces the urge to rub or scratch the skin to obtain relief.
CSP

Itching is skin tingling or irritation that makes you want to scratch the itchy area. It`s a symptom of many health conditions. Common causes are

To soothe itchy skin, you can try cold compresses, lotions and lukewarm baths. Avoid scratching, wearing irritating fabrics and high heat and humidity. Most itching is not serious. However, if you itch all over, have hives that keep coming back or have itching without an apparent cause, you might require medical attention.


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by an intense itching sensation.
NCI

Itching. Severe itching may be a side effect of some cancer treatments and a symptom of some types of cancers.
NCI

An intense itching sensation.
NCI

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myši bezsrsté

homozygous, permanently near-hairless mice which lose their hair at about 10 days of age.
CSP

Mutant strains of mice that produce little or no hair.
MSH

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zdravotní péče – přidělování

Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.
MSH

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antikoncepční látky orální sekvenční

Drugs administered orally and sequentially for contraceptive purposes.
MSH

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akrosin

A trypsin-like enzyme of spermatozoa which is not inhibited by alpha 1 antitrypsin.
MSH

arginine-lysine protease found in spermatozoa which participates in sperm penitration of the zona pellucida of the ovum, which is necessary for fertilization.
CSP

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Psittaciformes

An order of BIRDS comprised of several families and more than 300 species. It includes COCKATOOS; PARROTS; PARAKEETS; macaws; and BUDGERIGARS.
MSH

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mikrofilárie

The prelarval stage of Filarioidea in the blood and other tissues of mammals and birds. They are removed from these hosts by blood-sucking insects in which they metamorphose into mature larvae.
MSH

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zdravotnické služby – dostupnost

The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
MSH

degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system; factors influencing availability include geographic, architectural, transportational and financial considerations, among others.
CSP

The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others. (MeSH)
NCI

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kopulace

Sexual union of a male and a female in non-human species.
MSH

The act of sexual union between male and female, involving the transfer of sperm. [ISBN:0721662544 “Dorland`s Illustrated Medical Dictionary”]
GO

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akupunkturní analgézie

Analgesia produced by the insertion of ACUPUNCTURE needles at certain ACUPUNCTURE POINTS on the body. This activates small myelinated nerve fibers in the muscle which transmit impulses to the spinal cord and then activate three centers – the spinal cord, midbrain and pituitary/hypothalamus – to produce analgesia.
MSH

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psychologie vojenská

The branch of applied psychology concerned with psychological aspects of selection, assignment, training, morale, etc., of Armed Forces personnel.
MSH

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proteiny asociované v mikrotubulech

High molecular weight proteins found in the MICROTUBULES of the cytoskeletal system. Under certain conditions they are required for TUBULIN assembly into the microtubules and stabilize the assembled microtubules.
MSH

fall into 2 general categories: large motor proteins (dynein, kinesin), and smaller tubulin-crosslinking proteins (tau proteins).
CSP

Proteins associated with the microtubule assembly infrastructure. These proteins include specialized motor proteins (dynein and kinesin) and smaller tubulin-crosslinking proteins (tau proteins). The proteins are required for both microtubule assembly and stabilization.
NCI

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vrozené srdeční vady

Developmental abnormalities involving structures of the heart. These defects are present at birth but may be discovered later in life.
MSH

A congenital heart defect is a problem with the structure of the heart. It is present at birth. Congenital heart defects are the most common type of major birth defect.

A baby`s heart begins to develop shortly after conception. During development, structural defects can occur. These defects can involve the walls of the heart, the valves of the heart and the arteries and veins near the heart. Congenital heart defects can disrupt the normal flow of blood through the heart. The blood flow can

  • Slow down
  • Go in the wrong direction or to the wrong place
  • Be blocked completely

Treatment for the defect can include medicines, surgery and other medical proceduresand heart transplants. The treatment depends on the type and severity of the defect and a child`s age, size and general health. Today, many children born with complex heart defects grow to adulthood and lead productive lives.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

Imperfections or malformations of the heart, existing at birth
CHV

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corpus callosum

Broad plate of dense myelinated fibers that reciprocally interconnect regions of the cortex in all lobes with corresponding regions of the opposite hemisphere. The corpus callosum is located deep in the longitudinal fissure.
MSH

the main neocortical commissure of the cerebral hemispheres; it is subdivided into a genu, a rostrum, a body, and a splenium.
CSP

A white matter structure within the cleft that separates the left and right cerebral hemispheres in the mammalian brain. It is composed of a wide, flat bundle of 200-250 million axonal projections.
NCI

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bazofilní adenom

A small tumor of the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland whose cells stain with basic dyes. It may give rise to excessive secretion of ACTH, resulting in CUSHING SYNDROME. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

An epithelial neoplasm of the anterior pituitary gland in which the neoplastic cells stain positive with basic dyes.
NCI

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anencefalie

A malformation of the nervous system caused by failure of the anterior neuropore to close. Infants are born with intact spinal cords, cerebellums, and brainstems, but lack formation of neural structures above this level. The skull is only partially formed but the eyes are usually normal. This condition may be associated with folate deficiency. Affected infants are only capable of primitive (brain stem) reflexes and usually do not survive for more than two weeks. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p247)
MSH

congenital malformation of the nervous system caused by failure of the anterior neuropore to close; infants are born with intact spinal cords, cerebellums, and brainstems, but lack formation of neural structures above this level; the skull is only partially formed but the eyes are usually normal; affected infants are only capable of primitive reflexes and usually do not survive for more than two weeks; complete absence of the brain is rare.
CSP

A rare neural tube defect during pregnancy, resulting in the absence of a large portion of the brain and skull in the fetus.
NCI

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pterygium

An abnormal triangular fold of membrane in the interpalpebral fissure, extending from the conjunctiva to the cornea, being immovably united to the cornea at its apex, firmly attached to the sclera throughout its middle portion, and merged with the conjunctiva at its base. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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