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paratyreoidea

Two pairs of small oval-shaped glands located in the front and the base of the NECK and adjacent to the two lobes of THYROID GLAND. They secrete PARATHYROID HORMONE that regulates the balance of CALCIUM; PHOSPHORUS; and MAGNESIUM in the body.
MSH

small paired endocrine glands in the region of the thyroid gland which secrete parathyroid hormone and are concerned with the metabolism of calcium and phosphorus.
CSP

One of two small paired endocrine glands, superior and inferior, usually found embedded in the connective tissue capsule on the posterior surface of the thyroid gland; these glands secrete parathyroid hormone that regulates the metabolism of calcium and phosphorus. The parenchyma is composed of chief and oxyphilic cells arranged in anastomosing cords.
NCI

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gamma2-MSH

The 11-residue peptide that is without amidation.
MSH

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ateroskleróza

age, lifestyle, diet, and gene related degeneration of arteries due to deposition of lipoid plaques (atheromas) on inner arterial walls; main cause of coronary artery disease, a leading cause of death.
CSP

deposition of cholesterol and lipid in the inner layer of the blood vessel
CHV

Atherosclerosis is a disease in which plaque builds up inside your arteries. Plaque is a sticky substance made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances found in the blood. Over time, plaque hardens and narrows your arteries. That limits the flow of oxygen-rich blood to your body and can lead to serious problems, including

  • Coronary artery disease. These arteries supply blood to your heart. When they are blocked, you can suffer angina or a heart attack.
  • Carotid artery disease. These arteries supply blood to your brain. When they are blocked you can suffer a stroke.
  • Peripheral arterial disease. These arteries are in your arms, legs and pelvis. When they are blocked, you can suffer from numbness, pain and sometimes infections.

Atherosclerosis usually doesn`t cause symptoms until it severely narrows or totally blocks an artery. Many people don`t know they have the disease until they have a medical emergency.

A physical examination, imaging and other diagnostic tests can tell if you have it. Treatments include medicines, and medical procedures or surgery. Lifestyle changes can also help. These include following a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, quitting smoking, and managing stress.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

Build-up of fatty material and calcium deposition in the arterial wall resulting in partial or complete occlusion of the arterial lumen.
NCI

A thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES that occurs with formation of ATHEROSCLEROTIC PLAQUES within the ARTERIAL INTIMA.
MSH

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sociální percepce

the perceiving of attributes, characteristics, and behaviors of one`s associates or social groups.
CSP

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Macaca fascicularis

found in most of Southeast Asia; long tailed; used in research instead of rhesus.
CSP

A species of the genus MACACA which typically lives near the coast in tidal creeks and mangrove swamps primarily on the islands of the Malay peninsula.
MSH

A macaque, Macaca fascicularis (M. cynomolgus), found mostly in southeastern Asia, Borneo, and the Philippines.
NCI

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deoxyribonukleasa HindIII

One of the Type II site-specific deoxyribonucleases (EC 3.1.21.4). It recognizes and cleaves the sequence A/AGCTT at the slash. HindIII is from Haemophilus influenzae R(d). Numerous isoschizomers have been identified. EC 3.1.21.-.
MSH

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pars planitis

Form of granulomatous uveitis occurring in the region of the pars plana. This disorder is a common condition with no detectable focal pathology. It causes fibrovascular proliferation at the inferior ora serrata.
MSH

An inflammatory disorder of the cilliary body in the uvea that affects healthy, younger individuals who are often asymptomatic. It has a long clinical course with relapses and remissions. Symptoms include mildly decreased vision and floaters. It may be associated with autoimmune disorders.
NCI

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žaludeční fundus

The superior portion of the body of the stomach above the level of the cardiac notch.
MSH

The portion of the stomach that lies above the cardiac notch. It allows for the accumulation of gases produced by chemical digestion. (NCI)
NCI

The portion of the stomach that lies above the cardiac notch. It allows for the accumulation of gases produced by chemical digestion.
NCI

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zuby – opotřebování

The wearing away of a tooth as a result of tooth-to-tooth contact, as in mastication, occurring only on the occlusal, incisal, and proximal surfaces. It is chiefly associated with aging. It is differentiated from TOOTH ABRASION (the pathologic wearing away of the tooth substance by friction, as brushing, bruxism, clenching, and other mechanical causes) and from TOOTH EROSION (the loss of substance caused by chemical action without bacterial action). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p86)
MSH

The loss of tooth structure by mechanical forces from opposing teeth.
NCI

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chlorid sodný

A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food. It plays an important biological role in maintaining the osmotic tension of blood and tissues. The OSMOLAR CONCENTRATION this and other SALTS accounts for SALINITY which influences the types of organisms that live in an ENVIRONMENT.
MSH

NaCl; plays an important biological role in maintaining the osmotic tension of blood and tissues; for the sodium salt that is commonly used to season food use DIETARY SODIUM.
CSP

A metal halide composed of sodium and chloride with sodium and chloride replacement capabilities. When depleted in the body, sodium must be replaced in order to maintain intracellular osmolarity, nerve conduction, muscle contraction and normal renal function.
NCI

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magnetická rezonanční spektroskopie

Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
MSH

Detection and measurement of the resonant spectra of molecular species in a tissue or sample.
NCI

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dermatitida kontaktní

A type of acute or chronic skin reaction in which sensitivity is manifested by reactivity to materials or substances coming in contact with the skin. It may involve allergic or non-allergic mechanisms.
MSH

type of acute or chronic skin reaction in which sensitivity is manifested by reactivity to materials or substances coming in contact with the skin; may involve allergic or non-allergic mechanisms.
CSP

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patologie ústní dutiny

A dental specialty concerned with pathology of the oral cavity.
MSH

The branch of pathology focusing on diseases and disorders of the oral cavity.
NCI

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GC bohatá sekvence

A nucleic acid sequence that contains an above average number of GUANINE and CYTOSINE bases.
MSH

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autoimunita

Process whereby the immune system reacts against the body`s own tissues. Autoimmunity may produce or be caused by AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES.
MSH

developmentally complex, not necessarily pathological, possibly pervasive, cell or humoral immune system reactivity toward autologous (self) antigens; do not confuse with AUTOIMMUNE DISORDER.
CSP

Autoimmune Status; the state of a person`s health in regard to autoimmune disease or antibody presence.
NCI

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software – ověřování

The act of testing the software for compliance with a standard.
MSH

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Maligní novotvar sítnice

Abnormal growth of cells comprising the retina with malignant characteristics.
NCI

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vývojová biologie

The field of biology which deals with the process of the growth and differentiation of an organism.
MSH

The study of how a multicellular organism develops from its early immature forms (e.g., zygote, larva, embryo) into an adult. (from On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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Pectobacterium

A genus of gram-negative bacteria in the family ENTEROBACTERIACEAE consisting of species that profusely produce pectinolytic enzymes in plant pathogenesis.
MSH

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genová přestavba – alfa řetězec receptoru antigenů T-buněk

Ordered rearrangement of T-cell variable gene regions coding for the alpha-chain of antigen receptors.
MSH

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vyhýbavá porucha osobnosti

A disorder characterized by an enduring pattern of avoidance of social situations and interpersonal contact due to overwhelming feelings of social inadequacy and a hypersensitivity to negative evaluation or rejection.
NCI

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zvuk

A type of non-ionizing radiation in which energy is transmitted through solid, liquid, or gas as compression waves. Sound (acoustic or sonic) radiation with frequencies above the audible range is classified as ultrasonic. Sound radiation below the audible range is classified as infrasonic.
MSH

effect produced on the organ of hearing and its central connections by the vibrations or air or other media; or, mechanical radiant energy and the motion of particles of the material medium through which it travels, providing the stimulus for the subjective sensation of hearing.
CSP

Mechanical vibrations transmitted by an elastic medium; the subjective sensation of hearing something; an audible event.
NCI

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mandibula – nádory

Tumors or cancer of the MANDIBLE.
MSH

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brain disorder diagnosis

determination of a brain disorder based on symptoms, medical history, risk factors, and clinical tests.
CSP

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penicilamin

3-Mercapto-D-valine. The most characteristic degradation product of the penicillin antibiotics. It is used as an antirheumatic and as a chelating agent in Wilson`s disease.
MSH

beta dimethyl analog of cysteine; USP lists as a chelating agent.
CSP

A drug that removes copper from the body and is used to treat diseases in which there is an excess of this metal. It is also being studied as a possible angiogenesis inhibitor in brain tumors.
NCI

A beta dimethyl analog of the amino acid cysteine. As a degradation product of penicillin antibiotics, penicillamine chelates with heavy metals and increases their urinary excretion. Possessing antineoplastic properties, penicillamine induces apoptosis by a p53-mediated mechanism and inhibits angiogenesis by chelating with copper, a cofactor for angiogenesis. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=42546&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=42546&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C729″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A beta dimethyl analog of the amino acid cysteine. As a degradation product of penicillin antibiotics, penicillamine chelates with heavy metals and increases their urinary excretion. Possessing antineoplastic properties, penicillamine induces apoptosis by a p53-mediated mechanism and inhibits angiogenesis by chelating with copper, a cofactor for angiogenesis. (NCI04)
NCI

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geny překrývající se

Genes whose nucleotide sequences overlap to some degree. The overlapped sequences may involve structural or regulatory genes of eukaryotic or prokaryotic cells.
MSH

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Azotobacteraceae

A subfamily of motile, gram-negative bacteria found in SOIL and WATER and capable of fixing atmospheric nitrogen.
MSH

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druhová specificita

The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
MSH

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hnůj

Accumulations of solid or liquid animal excreta usually from stables and barnyards with or without litter material. Its chief application is as a fertilizer. (From Webster`s 3d ed)
MSH

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Camuratiho-Engelmannův syndrom

An autosomal dominant form of dysplasia that is characterized by progressive thickening of diaphyseal cortex of long bones. Mutations in the gene that encodes TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR BETA1 are one cause of this disorder.
MSH

An autosomal dominant skeletal disorder caused by mutations in the TGFB1 gene. It is characterized by thickening of the bones, particularly the long bones of the extremities. It is associated with muscle weakness and tiredness.
NCI

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