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léky – rezistence mikrobiální

The ability of microorganisms, especially bacteria, to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).
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růstový faktor odvozený z trombocytů

Mitogenic peptide growth hormone carried in the alpha-granules of platelets. It is released when platelets adhere to traumatized tissues. Connective tissue cells near the traumatized region respond by initiating the process of replication.
MSH

mitogenic peptide growth hormone carried in the alpha-granules of platelets; released when platelets adhere to traumatized tissues; connective tissue cells near the traumatized region respond by initiating the process of replication.
CSP

A family of molecules released from platelets (tiny pieces of cells that are found in the blood and that help the blood clot). Forms of PDGF help to heal wounds and to repair damage to blood vessel walls. They also help blood vessels grow.
NCI

Expressed in platelets, human Platelet-Derived Growth Factor (PDGF/VEGF Family) is a mitogenic factor for mesenchymal cells characterized by a motif of eight cysteines and released upon wounding to stimulate adjacent cell growth. PDGF can exist as antiparallel disulfide-linked homodimers (PDGFA, PDGFB) or heterodimers (PDGFA/PDGFB) that bind to PDGF receptor and elicit a variety of cellular responses. A and B homodimers are implicated in transformation processes. (NCI)
NCI

The major mitogen in serum for growth in culture of cells of connective tissue origin. It consists of 2 different but homologous polypeptides A and B (~30,000 D) linked by disulphide bonds. The B chain is almost identical in sequence to p28sis, the transforming protein of simian sarcoma virus.
NCI

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selfmonitoring glykémie

Self evaluation of whole blood glucose levels outside the clinical laboratory. A digital or battery-operated reflectance meter may be used. It has wide application in controlling unstable insulin-dependent diabetes.
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síňová ektopická tachykardie

Abnormally rapid heartbeats originating from one or more automatic foci (nonsinus pacemakers) in the HEART ATRIUM but away from the SINOATRIAL NODE. Unlike the reentry mechanism, automatic tachycardia speeds up and slows down gradually. The episode is characterized by a HEART RATE between 135 to less than 200 beats per minute and lasting 30 seconds or longer.
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pojištění při dlouhodobé péči

Health insurance to provide full or partial coverage for long-term home care services or for long-term nursing care provided in a residential facility such as a nursing home.
MSH

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DUODENO ULTZERA

A PEPTIC ULCER located in the DUODENUM.
MSH

peptic ulcer located in the duodenum, the shortest and widest portion of the small intestine adjacent to the pylorus of the stomach.
CSP

A disorder characterized by a circumscribed, inflammatory and necrotic erosive lesion on the mucosal surface of the duodenal wall.
NCI

An ulcer in the duodenal wall.
NCI

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pneumoencefalografie

Radiographic visualization of the cerebral ventricles by injection of air or other gas.
MSH

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epidemiologické faktory

Events, characteristics, or other definable entities that have the potential to bring about a change in a health condition or other defined outcome.
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hematotestikulární bariéra

A specialized barrier, in the TESTIS, between the interstitial BLOOD compartment and the adluminal compartment of the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES. The barrier is formed by layers of cells from the VASCULAR ENDOTHELIUM of the capillary BLOOD VESSELS, to the SEMINIFEROUS EPITHELIUM of the seminiferous tubules. TIGHT JUNCTIONS form between adjacent SERTOLI CELLS, as well as between the ENDOTHELIAL CELLS.
MSH

specialized barrier in the testis between the interstitial blood compartment and the adluminal compartment of the seminiferous tubules; formed by layers of cells from the vascular endothelium of the capillaries to the seminiferous epithelium; tight junctions form between adjacent sertoli cells as well as between the endothelial cells.
CSP

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Tarsiidae

The single family of PRIMATES in the infraorder TARSII, suborder HAPLORHINI. It is comprised of one genus, Tarsius, that inhabits southern Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi, and the Philippines.
MSH

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interleukin-3

A multilineage cell growth factor secreted by LYMPHOCYTES; EPITHELIAL CELLS; and ASTROCYTES which stimulates clonal proliferation and differentiation of various types of blood and tissue cells.
MSH

lymphokine produced by antigen or mitogen activated T lymphocytes which stimulates proliferation of hematopoietic as well as lymphoid stem cells; a colony stimulating factor for bone marrow progenitor cells; supports growth and differentiation of early hematopoieteic and lymphoid stem cells as well as that of more mature hematopoietic cells, including granulocytes, macrophages and mast cells.
CSP

One of a group of related proteins made by leukocytes (white blood cells) and other cells in the body. IL-3 is made mainly by a type of T lymphocyte. It increases the number of blood cells made by the bone marrow. IL-3 made in the laboratory is used as a biological response modifier to boost the immune system in cancer therapy. IL-3 is a type of cytokine.
NCI

A group of proteins that causes blood cells to grow and mature.
NCI

Human interleukin-3 (152 aa, 17 kDa precursor) is encoded by the human interleukin-3 (IL3) gene. This protein is a potent growth-promoting cytokine that enhances the ability of the immune system to fight tumor cells. IL-3 supports proliferation of many hematopoietic cell types. It is involved in cell growth, differentiation and apoptosis in addition to possessing neurotrophic activity. Abnormalities in this protein may be associated with neurologic disorders.
NCI

Endogenous growth factors which promote the development of blood cells.
NCI

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dysostózy

Defective bone formation involving individual bones, singly or in combination.
MSH

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Poissonovo rozdělení

A distribution function used to describe the occurrence of rare events or to describe the sampling distribution of isolated counts in a continuum of time or space.
MSH

A distribution function used to describe the occurrence of rare events or to describe the sampling distribution of isolated counts in a continuum of time or space. This special probability distribution can apply to the number of discrete independent random events occurring in a given interval when knowing their average rate of occurrence over a very long interval. (Dr. Joseph A. Thie)
NCI

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epispadie

A birth defect due to malformation of the URETHRA in which the urethral opening is above its normal location. In the male, the malformed urethra generally opens on the top or the side of the PENIS, but the urethra can also be open the entire length of the penis. In the female, the malformed urethral opening is often between the CLITORIS and the labia, or in the ABDOMEN.
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vazba zubní

An adhesion procedure for orthodontic attachments, such as plastic DENTAL CROWNS. This process usually includes the application of an adhesive material (DENTAL CEMENTS) and letting it harden in-place by light or chemical curing.
MSH

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technologie nákladná

Advanced technology that is costly, requires highly skilled personnel, and is unique in its particular application. Includes innovative, specialized medical/surgical procedures as well as advanced diagnostic and therapeutic equipment.
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meziobratlová ploténka – výhřez

An INTERVERTEBRAL DISC in which the nucleus pulposus has protruded through surrounding fibrocartilage. This occurs most frequently in the lower lumbar region.
MSH

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ekdysteron

A steroid hormone that regulates the processes of MOLTING or ecdysis in insects. Ecdysterone is the 20-hydroxylated ECDYSONE.
MSH

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Polychaeta

A class of marine annelids including sandworms, tube worms, clamworms, and fire worms. It includes also the genus Myxicola infundibulum.
MSH

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Ergocalciferol

Vitamin D synthesized from 7-dehydrocholesterol in the skin after exposure to UVB radiation.
NCI

A form of vitamin D that helps the body use calcium and phosphorus to make strong bones and teeth. It is fat-soluble (can dissolve in fats and oils) and is found in plants and yeast. It can be made in the body from another form of vitamin D when the body is exposed to the sun. Ergocalciferol is also made in the laboratory. It is used to prevent and to treat vitamin D deficiency. It is a type of dietary supplement.
NCI

Vitamin D2, a fat-soluble vitamin important for many biochemical processes including the absorption and metabolism of calcium and phosphorus. In vivo, ergocalciferol is formed after sun (ultraviolet) irradiation of plant-derived ergosterol, another form of vitamin D. Ergocalciferol is the form of vitamin D usually found in vitamin supplements. (NCI04)
NCI

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knihy

long written or printed literary composition.
CSP

A volume made up of pages fastened along one edge and enclosed between protective covers. (from American Heritage Dictionary)
NCI

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syndrom temporomandibulárního kloubu

symptom complex consisting of partial deafness, stuffy sensation in the ears, tinnitus, pain, muscle tenderness, clicking in the joint, and limitation or alteration of mandibular movement; symptoms are subjective and manifested primarily in the masticatory muscles rather than the temporomandibular joint itself; etiologic factors are uncertain but include occlusal dysharmony and psychophysiologic factors.
CSP

A symptom complex consisting of pain, muscle tenderness, clicking in the joint, and limitation or alteration of mandibular movement. The symptoms are subjective and manifested primarily in the masticatory muscles rather than the temporomandibular joint itself. Etiologic factors are uncertain but include occlusal dysharmony and psychophysiologic factors.
MSH

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) connects your jaw to the side of your head. When it works well, it enables you to talk, chew and yawn. For people with TMJ dysfunction, problems with the joint and muscles around it may cause

  • Pain that travels through the face, jaw or neck
  • Stiff jaw muscles
  • Limited movement or locking of the jaw
  • Painful clicking or popping in the jaw
  • A change in the way the upper and lower teeth fit together

Jaw pain may go away with little or no treatment. Treatment may include simple things you can do yourself, such as eating soft foods or applying ice packs. It may also include pain medicines or devices to insert in your mouth. In rare cases, you might need surgery.

NIH: National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research


MEDLINEPLUS

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nitroděložní antikoncepční prostředky měděné

Intrauterine contraceptive devices that depend on the release of metallic copper.
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Economic

Used for the economic aspects of any subject, as well as for all aspects of financial management. It includes the raising or providing of funds.
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kyseliny polymethakrylové

Poly-2-methylpropenoic acids. Used in the manufacture of methacrylate resins and plastics in the form of pellets and granules, as absorbent for biological materials and as filters; also as biological membranes and as hydrogens. Synonyms: methylacrylate polymer; poly(methylacrylate); acrylic acid methyl ester polymer.
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erythrokruoriny

High molecular weight (1,500,000 to 3,000,000) hemoglobins found in the plasma of many polychete and oligochete annelid worms and various mollusks. They bind one mole of oxygen per heme and function as oxygen carriers.
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horečka boutonneuse

A febrile disease of the Mediterranean area, the Crimea, Africa, and India, caused by infection with RICKETTSIA CONORII.
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testikulární hormony

Hormones produced in the testis.
MSH

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jodpyridony

Iodinated pyridine derivatives that are often used as contrast media.
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výchova mentálně retardovaných

The teaching or training of those individuals with subnormal intellectual functioning.
MSH

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