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jazyk (prostředek komunikace)

A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.
MSH

systematic means of communicating by the use of sounds or conventional symbols; broadly includes phonetics, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and linguistics.
CSP

A systematic means of communicating by the use of sounds, symbols, or gestures.
NCI

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Peptococcus

A genus of gram-positive, anaerobic, coccoid bacteria that is part of the normal flora of the mouth, upper respiratory tract, and large intestine in humans. Its organisms cause infections of soft tissues and bacteremias.
MSH

A genus of anaerobic, Gram positive, cocci shaped bacterium assigned to the phylum Firmicutes and the family Peptococcaceae.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Peptococcus genus level.
NCI

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feminizace

Development of female secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS in the MALE. It is due to the effects of estrogenic metabolites of precursors from endogenous or exogenous sources, such as ADRENAL GLANDS or therapeutic drugs.
MSH

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sfinkterotomie transhepatická

Surgery of the smooth muscle sphincter of the hepatopancreatic ampulla to relieve blocked biliary or pancreatic ducts.
MSH

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chemické bojové látky

Chemicals that are used to cause the disturbance, disease, or death of humans during war.
MSH

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lasalocid

Cationic ionophore antibiotic obtained from Streptomyces lasaliensis that, among other effects, dissociates the calcium fluxes in muscle fibers. It is used as a coccidiostat, especially in poultry.
MSH

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perikarditida konstriktivní

Inflammation of the PERICARDIUM that is characterized by the fibrous scarring and adhesion of both serous layers, the VISCERAL PERICARDIUM and the PARIETAL PERICARDIUM leading to the loss of pericardial cavity. The thickened pericardium severely restricts cardiac filling. Clinical signs include FATIGUE, muscle wasting, and WEIGHT LOSS.
MSH

A heart disorder in which the pericardial sac becomes thickened and fibrotic, tightening the myocardium and impeding the normal myocardial function.
NCI

A disorder characterized by a thickened and fibrotic pericardial sac; these fibrotic changes impede normal myocardial function by restricting myocardial muscle action.
NCI

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ferrozin

A ferroin compound that forms a stable magenta-colored solution with the ferrous ion. The complex has an absorption peak at 562 nm and is used as a reagent and indicator for iron.
MSH

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spiramycin

A macrolide antibiotic produced by Streptomyces ambofaciens. The drug is effective against gram-positive aerobic pathogens, N. gonorrhoeae, and staphylococci. It is used to treat infections caused by bacteria and Toxoplasma gondii.
MSH

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BARIZELA

A highly contagious infectious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (HERPESVIRUS 3, HUMAN). It usually affects children, is spread by direct contact or respiratory route via droplet nuclei, and is characterized by the appearance on the skin and mucous membranes of successive crops of typical pruritic vesicular lesions that are easily broken and become scabbed. Chickenpox is relatively benign in children, but may be complicated by pneumonia and encephalitis in adults. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

highly contagious infectious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (Herpesvirus 3); usually affects children, is spread by direct contact or respiratory route via droplet nuclei, and is characterized by the appearance on the skin and mucous membranes of successive crops of typical pruritic vesicular lesions that are easily broken and become scabbed; chickenpox is relatively benign in children, but may be complicated by pneumonia and encephalitis in adults.
CSP

Chickenpox is an infectious disease caused by the varicella virus. Most cases occur in children under age 15 but older children and adults can get it. It spreads very easily from one child to another.

Symptoms include an uncomfortable, itchy rash, fever and headache. The rash is like blisters and usually appears on the face, scalp or trunk. The disease is usually mild and lasts 5 to 10 days, but it sometimes causes serious problems. Adults and older children tend to get sicker from it. Do not give aspirin to anyone sick with chickenpox since the combination might cause Reye Syndrome.

Once you catch chickenpox, the virus usually stays in your body forever. You probably will not get chickenpox again, but the virus can cause shingles in adults. A chickenpox vaccine can help prevent most cases of chickenpox, or make it less severe if you do get it.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


MEDLINEPLUS

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pronajímání majetku

Contractual arrangement between the lessor (owner) and the lessee in which the use of equipment or facilities is granted to the lessee for a period of time and at a specified rate.
MSH

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periflebitida

Periphlebitis is inflammation of the outer coat of a vein or of tissues surrounding the vein.
MSH

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fétofetální transfúze

Passage of blood from one fetus to another via an arteriovenous communication or other shunt, in a monozygotic twin pregnancy. It results in anemia in one twin and polycythemia in the other. (Lee et al., Wintrobe`s Clinical Hematology, 9th ed, p737-8)
MSH

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spondylóza

A degenerative spinal disease that can involve any part of the VERTEBRA, the INTERVERTEBRAL DISK, and the surrounding soft tissue.
MSH

degeneration of the spinal bone where spinal columns are fused and immobilized
CHV

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dítě v ústavní péči

A child who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.
MSH

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Fabaceae

large family of angiosperm plants characterized by pods.
CSP

The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots.
MSH

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osobnostní dotazník

Check list, usually to be filled out by a person about himself, consisting of many statements about personal characteristics which the subject checks.
MSH

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fibrózní dysplazie kosti

A disease of bone marked by thinning of the cortex and replacement of bone marrow by gritty fibrous tissue containing bony spicules, producing pain, disability, and gradually increasing deformity. Only one bone may be involved (FIBROUS DYSPLASIA, MONOSTOTIC) or several (FIBROUS DYSPLASIA, POLYOSTOTIC). (From Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

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stapes

One of the three ossicles of the middle ear. It transmits sound vibrations from the INCUS to the internal ear (Ear, Internal see LABYRINTH).
MSH

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chlordiazepoxid

An anxiolytic benzodiazepine derivative with anticonvulsant, sedative, and amnesic properties. It has also been used in the symptomatic treatment of alcohol withdrawal.
MSH

anxiolytic benzodiazepine derivative with anticonvulsant, sedative, and amnesic properties; also used in the symptomatic treatment of alcohol withdrawal.
CSP

A long-acting benzodiazepine with anxiolytic, sedative and hypnotic activity. Chlordiazepoxide exerts its effect by binding to the benzodiazepine site at the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor-chloride ionophore complex in the central nervous system (CNS). This leads to an increase in the opening of chloride channels, membrane hyperpolarization and increases the inhibitory effect of GABA on the CNS.
NCI

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herpesvirus 1 žab

A species of the family HERPESVIRIDAE, whose genus is so far unassigned. It is probably the causative agent of ADENOMA or ADENOCARCINOMA in the kidneys of certain frogs.
MSH

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fagocyty

Cells that can carry out the process of PHAGOCYTOSIS.
MSH

cells that ingest microorganisms, foreign particles, other cells, or dead tissue.
CSP

A type of immune cell that can surround and kill microorganisms, ingest foreign material, and remove dead cells. It can also boost immune responses. Monocytes, macrophages, and neutrophils are phagocytes. A phagocyte is a type of white blood cell.
NCI

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střelné zbraně

Small-arms weapons, including handguns, pistols, revolvers, rifles, shotguns, etc.
MSH

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steatitida

A disease of cats and mink characterized by a marked inflammation of adipose tissue and the deposition of “ceroid” pigment in the interstices of the adipose cells. It is believed to be caused by feeding diets containing too much unsaturated fatty acid and too little vitamin E. (Merck Veterinary Manual, 5th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

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chlorfenezin

A centrally acting muscle relaxant. Its mode of action is unknown. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1203)
MSH

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leukémie bazofilní akutní

A rare acute myeloid leukemia in which the primary differentiation is to BASOPHILS. It is characterized by an extreme increase of immature basophilic granulated cells in the bone marrow and blood. Mature basophils are usually sparse.
MSH

An acute myeloid leukemia in which the immature cells differentiate towards basophils. This is a rare leukemia. The observed cases have been associated with a poor prognosis. The term basophilic leukemia is used as a synonym for acute basophilic leukemia. Chronic basophilic leukemia is an inappropriate term vaguely connected to the term mast cell leukemia. (WHO, 2001)
NCI

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fenazopyridin

A local anesthetic that has been used in urinary tract disorders. Its use is limited by problems with toxicity (primarily blood disorders) and potential carcinogenicity.
MSH

A synthetic pyridine derivative anesthetic, Phenazopyridine is used as a local anesthetic in urinary tract disorders to relieve pain of lower urinary-tract irritation, as in cystitis, urethritis or prostatitis. Compatible with relief of pain and discomfort in antibacterial therapy, its use is limited however due to toxicity (primarily blood disorders) and potential carcinogenicity. (NCI04)
NCI

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flavoxát

A drug that has been used in various urinary syndromes and as an antispasmodic. Its therapeutic usefulness and its mechanism of action are not clear. It may have local anesthetic activity and direct relaxing effects on smooth muscle as well as some activity as a muscarinic antagonist.
MSH

A synthetic parasympatholytic with antimuscarinic, muscle relaxant and urinary antispasmodic properties. Flavoxate binds and inhibits muscarinic receptors, thereby suppressing the micturition reflex and increases urinary bladder capacity by modifying the micturition center in the brain stem. In addition, this agent has been found to inhibit cyclic AMP formation in striatal membranes of the brain through stimulation of pertussis toxin-sensitive G protein-coupled receptors which in turn suppress isovolumetric urinary bladder contraction.
NCI

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koljušky

Common name for fish found mostly in the family Gasterosteidae. The three-spine stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) is frequently studied.
MSH

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cholera – toxin

An ENTEROTOXIN from VIBRIO CHOLERAE. It consists of two major protomers, the heavy (H) or A subunit and the B protomer which consists of 5 light (L) or B subunits. The catalytic A subunit is proteolytically cleaved into fragments A1 and A2. The A1 fragment is a MONO(ADP-RIBOSE) TRANSFERASE. The B protomer binds cholera toxin to intestinal epithelial cells, and facilitates the uptake of the A1 fragment. The A1 catalyzed transfer of ADP-RIBOSE to the alpha subunits of heterotrimeric G PROTEINS activates the production of CYCLIC AMP. Increased levels of cyclic AMP are thought to modulate release of fluid and electrolytes from intestinal crypt cells.
MSH

enterotoxin from Vibrio cholerae that consists of two major protomers, the heavy (h) or a subunit and the b protomer which consists of 5 light (l) or b subunits.
CSP

Secreted by Vibrio cholerae, Cholera Toxin is a natural bacterial enterotoxin consisting of major components heavy A- and light B peptides (choleragenoid) that initiates a signaling cascade in intestinal epithelial cells causing a dysfunction of chloride channels, loss of water, and diarrhea. B peptide anchors the protein to epithelia; A peptide enters the cytoplasm and activates adenylate cyclase. Due to its cytotoxicity, cholera toxin is being studied for tumor cell targeting and cancer chemotherapy. (NCI04)
NCI

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