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Cestoda – infekce

Infections with true tapeworms of the helminth subclass CESTODA.
MSH

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růstový faktor odvozený z trombocytů

Mitogenic peptide growth hormone carried in the alpha-granules of platelets. It is released when platelets adhere to traumatized tissues. Connective tissue cells near the traumatized region respond by initiating the process of replication.
MSH

mitogenic peptide growth hormone carried in the alpha-granules of platelets; released when platelets adhere to traumatized tissues; connective tissue cells near the traumatized region respond by initiating the process of replication.
CSP

A family of molecules released from platelets (tiny pieces of cells that are found in the blood and that help the blood clot). Forms of PDGF help to heal wounds and to repair damage to blood vessel walls. They also help blood vessels grow.
NCI

Expressed in platelets, human Platelet-Derived Growth Factor (PDGF/VEGF Family) is a mitogenic factor for mesenchymal cells characterized by a motif of eight cysteines and released upon wounding to stimulate adjacent cell growth. PDGF can exist as antiparallel disulfide-linked homodimers (PDGFA, PDGFB) or heterodimers (PDGFA/PDGFB) that bind to PDGF receptor and elicit a variety of cellular responses. A and B homodimers are implicated in transformation processes. (NCI)
NCI

The major mitogen in serum for growth in culture of cells of connective tissue origin. It consists of 2 different but homologous polypeptides A and B (~30,000 D) linked by disulphide bonds. The B chain is almost identical in sequence to p28sis, the transforming protein of simian sarcoma virus.
NCI

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melanocyty stimulující hormony

peptide hormones secreted by the intermediate lobe of the pituitary that stimulate melanin release and dispersal; also found in the brain where they are presumed to play a signaling role.
CSP

Peptides with the ability to stimulate pigmented cells MELANOCYTES in mammals and MELANOPHORES in lower vertebrates. By stimulating the synthesis and distribution of MELANIN in these pigmented cells, they increase coloration of skin and other tissue. MSHs, derived from pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC), are produced by MELANOTROPHS in the INTERMEDIATE LOBE OF PITUITARY; CORTICOTROPHS in the ANTERIOR LOBE OF PITUITARY, and the hypothalamic neurons in the ARCUATE NUCLEUS.
MSH

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HERNIA INGINALA

An abdominal hernia with an external bulge in the GROIN region. It can be classified by the location of herniation. Indirect inguinal hernias occur through the internal inguinal ring. Direct inguinal hernias occur through defects in the ABDOMINAL WALL (transversalis fascia) in Hesselbach`s triangle. The former type is commonly seen in children and young adults; the latter in adults.
MSH

The protrusion of a sac-like structure containing fibroadipose tissue through an abnormal opening in the inguinal region.
NCI

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síňová ektopická tachykardie

Abnormally rapid heartbeats originating from one or more automatic foci (nonsinus pacemakers) in the HEART ATRIUM but away from the SINOATRIAL NODE. Unlike the reentry mechanism, automatic tachycardia speeds up and slows down gradually. The episode is characterized by a HEART RATE between 135 to less than 200 beats per minute and lasting 30 seconds or longer.
MSH

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chemické bojové látky

Chemicals that are used to cause the disturbance, disease, or death of humans during war.
MSH

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pneumoencefalografie

Radiographic visualization of the cerebral ventricles by injection of air or other gas.
MSH

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mumie

Bodies preserved either by the ancient Egyptian technique or due to chance under favorable climatic conditions.
MSH

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heterozygot

An individual having different alleles at one or more loci regarding a specific character.
MSH

having different alleles at one or more loci in homologous chromosome segments.
CSP

Having two different allelic forms of a gene, one inherited from each parent, on each of the two homologous chromosomes.
NCI

Occurs when the two alleles at a particular gene locus are different. A heterozygous genotype may include one normal allele and one mutation, or two different mutations. The latter is called a compound heterozygote.
NCI

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Tarsiidae

The single family of PRIMATES in the infraorder TARSII, suborder HAPLORHINI. It is comprised of one genus, Tarsius, that inhabits southern Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi, and the Philippines.
MSH

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BARIZELA

A highly contagious infectious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (HERPESVIRUS 3, HUMAN). It usually affects children, is spread by direct contact or respiratory route via droplet nuclei, and is characterized by the appearance on the skin and mucous membranes of successive crops of typical pruritic vesicular lesions that are easily broken and become scabbed. Chickenpox is relatively benign in children, but may be complicated by pneumonia and encephalitis in adults. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

highly contagious infectious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (Herpesvirus 3); usually affects children, is spread by direct contact or respiratory route via droplet nuclei, and is characterized by the appearance on the skin and mucous membranes of successive crops of typical pruritic vesicular lesions that are easily broken and become scabbed; chickenpox is relatively benign in children, but may be complicated by pneumonia and encephalitis in adults.
CSP

Chickenpox is an infectious disease caused by the varicella virus. Most cases occur in children under age 15 but older children and adults can get it. It spreads very easily from one child to another.

Symptoms include an uncomfortable, itchy rash, fever and headache. The rash is like blisters and usually appears on the face, scalp or trunk. The disease is usually mild and lasts 5 to 10 days, but it sometimes causes serious problems. Adults and older children tend to get sicker from it. Do not give aspirin to anyone sick with chickenpox since the combination might cause Reye Syndrome.

Once you catch chickenpox, the virus usually stays in your body forever. You probably will not get chickenpox again, but the virus can cause shingles in adults. A chickenpox vaccine can help prevent most cases of chickenpox, or make it less severe if you do get it.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


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Poissonovo rozdělení

A distribution function used to describe the occurrence of rare events or to describe the sampling distribution of isolated counts in a continuum of time or space.
MSH

A distribution function used to describe the occurrence of rare events or to describe the sampling distribution of isolated counts in a continuum of time or space. This special probability distribution can apply to the number of discrete independent random events occurring in a given interval when knowing their average rate of occurrence over a very long interval. (Dr. Joseph A. Thie)
NCI

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nervus musculocutaneus

A major nerve of the upper extremity. The fibers of the musculocutaneous nerve originate in the lower cervical spinal cord (usually C5 to C7), travel via the lateral cord of the brachial plexus, and supply sensory and motor innervation to the upper arm, elbow, and forearm.
MSH

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vysokofrekvenční ventilace

Ventilatory support system using frequencies from 60-900 cycles/min or more. Three types of systems have been distinguished on the basis of rates, volumes, and the system used. They are high frequency positive-pressure ventilation (HFPPV); HIGH-FREQUENCY JET VENTILATION; (HFJV); and high-frequency oscillation (HFO).
MSH

use this term only for respiratory therapy; do not confuse with HYPERPNEA.
CSP

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technologie nákladná

Advanced technology that is costly, requires highly skilled personnel, and is unique in its particular application. Includes innovative, specialized medical/surgical procedures as well as advanced diagnostic and therapeutic equipment.
MSH

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dítě v ústavní péči

A child who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.
MSH

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Polychaeta

A class of marine annelids including sandworms, tube worms, clamworms, and fire worms. It includes also the genus Myxicola infundibulum.
MSH

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Mycobacterium scrofulaceum

A non-tuberculous mycobacterium causing cervical lymphadenitis in children. It very rarely causes pulmonary disease, and is believed to be non-pathogenic in animals.
MSH

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Mycobacterium scrofulaceum.
NCI

A species of aerobic, Gram positive, rod shaped bacterium assigned to the phylum Actinobacteria. This species is acid fast, nonmotile, acid phosphatase and iron uptake negative and catalase, urease, pyrazinamidase and nicotinamidase positive. M. scrofulaceum is found in environmental sources such as house dust, soil, water, and sewage as well as food sources such as raw milk, and it is frequently associated with cervical adenitis in children.
NCI

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histidin-tRNA-ligasa

An enzyme that activates histidine with its specific transfer RNA. EC 6.1.1.21.
MSH

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syndrom temporomandibulárního kloubu

symptom complex consisting of partial deafness, stuffy sensation in the ears, tinnitus, pain, muscle tenderness, clicking in the joint, and limitation or alteration of mandibular movement; symptoms are subjective and manifested primarily in the masticatory muscles rather than the temporomandibular joint itself; etiologic factors are uncertain but include occlusal dysharmony and psychophysiologic factors.
CSP

A symptom complex consisting of pain, muscle tenderness, clicking in the joint, and limitation or alteration of mandibular movement. The symptoms are subjective and manifested primarily in the masticatory muscles rather than the temporomandibular joint itself. Etiologic factors are uncertain but include occlusal dysharmony and psychophysiologic factors.
MSH

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) connects your jaw to the side of your head. When it works well, it enables you to talk, chew and yawn. For people with TMJ dysfunction, problems with the joint and muscles around it may cause

  • Pain that travels through the face, jaw or neck
  • Stiff jaw muscles
  • Limited movement or locking of the jaw
  • Painful clicking or popping in the jaw
  • A change in the way the upper and lower teeth fit together

Jaw pain may go away with little or no treatment. Treatment may include simple things you can do yourself, such as eating soft foods or applying ice packs. It may also include pain medicines or devices to insert in your mouth. In rare cases, you might need surgery.

NIH: National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research


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chlordiazepoxid

An anxiolytic benzodiazepine derivative with anticonvulsant, sedative, and amnesic properties. It has also been used in the symptomatic treatment of alcohol withdrawal.
MSH

anxiolytic benzodiazepine derivative with anticonvulsant, sedative, and amnesic properties; also used in the symptomatic treatment of alcohol withdrawal.
CSP

A long-acting benzodiazepine with anxiolytic, sedative and hypnotic activity. Chlordiazepoxide exerts its effect by binding to the benzodiazepine site at the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor-chloride ionophore complex in the central nervous system (CNS). This leads to an increase in the opening of chloride channels, membrane hyperpolarization and increases the inhibitory effect of GABA on the CNS.
NCI

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kyseliny polymethakrylové

Poly-2-methylpropenoic acids. Used in the manufacture of methacrylate resins and plastics in the form of pellets and granules, as absorbent for biological materials and as filters; also as biological membranes and as hydrogens. Synonyms: methylacrylate polymer; poly(methylacrylate); acrylic acid methyl ester polymer.
MSH

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myoblastom

A granular cell tumor that is confined to the site of origin, without metastatic potential.
NCI

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HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus. A non-taxonomic and historical term referring to any of two species, specifically HIV-1 and/or HIV-2. Prior to 1986, this was called human T-lymphotropic virus type III/lymphadenopathy-associated virus (HTLV-III/LAV). From 1986-1990, it was an official species called HIV. Since 1991, HIV was no longer considered an official species name; the two species were designated HIV-1 and HIV-2.
MSH

species of Lentivirus, subgenus primate lentiviruses, formerly designated T cell lymphotropic virus type III/lymphadenopathy associated virus (HTLV-III/LAV); it is acknowledged to be the agent responsible for the acute infectious manifestations, neurologic disorders, and immunologic abnormalities linked to the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
CSP

The cause of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
NCI

A cytopathic retrovirus. It is the etiological agent of AIDS.
NCI

The virus isolated and recognized as the etiologic agent of AIDS. HIV-1 is classified as a lentivirus, a subtype of retroviruses.
NCI

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testikulární hormony

Hormones produced in the testis.
MSH

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chlorfenezin

A centrally acting muscle relaxant. Its mode of action is unknown. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1203)
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vícenenasycené mastné kyseliny

fatty acid containing more than one double bond (C=C). The essential fatty acids omega-3 and omega-6 are polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) that contain 2 or more cis double bonds. Dietary intake of some PUFAs may have beneficial effects on blood pressure, serum lipds, and inflammation. Some PUFAs, such as omega-3 PUFAs, may have antineoplastic or chemopreventive activities.
NCI

A class of dietary fatty acids containing two or more double bonds.
NCI

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myotonia congenita

Inherited myotonic disorders with early childhood onset MYOTONIA. Muscular hypertrophy is common and myotonia may impair ambulation and other movements. It is classified as Thomsen (autosomal dominant) or Becker (autosomal recessive) generalized myotonia mainly based on the inheritance pattern. Becker type is also clinically more severe. An autosomal dominant variant with milder symptoms and later onset is known as myotonia levior. Mutations in the voltage-dependent skeletal muscle chloride channel are associated with the disorders.
MSH

A genetic congenital neuromuscular disorder affecting the skeletal muscles. It is caused by mutations in the chloride channel gene (CLCN1 gene). It is characterized by muscle stiffness, hypertrophy, pain, and cramping.
NCI

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HLA-DR4 antigen

An HLA-DR antigen which is associated with HLA-DRB1 CHAINS encoded by DRB1*04 alleles.
MSH

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Tetrahymena pyriformis

A species of ciliate protozoa used extensively in genetic research.
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