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Aspergillus flavus

species of imperfect fungi which grows on peanuts and other plants and produces the carcinogenic substance aflatoxin; also used in the production of the antibiotic flavicin.
CSP

A species of imperfect fungi which grows on peanuts and other plants and produces the carcinogenic substance aflatoxin. It is also used in the production of the antibiotic flavicin.
MSH

A species of mold fungus in the phylum Ascomycota that is associated with aspergillosis of the lungs.
NCI

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necrobiosis lipoidica

A degenerative disease of the dermal connective tissue characterized by the development of erythematous papules or nodules in the pretibial area. The papules form plaques covered with telangiectatic vessels. More than half of the affected patients have diabetes.
MSH

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doučování

Specialized instruction for students deviating from the expected norm.
MSH

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Human Genetics

The branch of genetics focusing on human heredity.
NCI

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zubní náhrady – čisticí prostředky

Substances used to clean dentures; they are usually alkaline peroxides or hypochlorites, may contain enzymes and release oxygen. Use also for sonic action cleaners.
MSH

An OTC denture cleanser is a device that consists of material in the form of a powder, tablet, or paste that is intended to remove debris from removable prosthetic dental appliances, such as bridges or dentures. The dental appliance is removed from the patient`s mouth when the appliance is cleaned.
SPN

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anatomie srovnávací

The comparative study of animal structure with regard to homologous organs or parts. (Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

The comparison of the structure (anatomy) of one animal or plant with the structure of a different animal or plant.
NCI

The study of similarities and differences in homologous and analagous structures between different organisms.
NCI

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ateroskleróza

age, lifestyle, diet, and gene related degeneration of arteries due to deposition of lipoid plaques (atheromas) on inner arterial walls; main cause of coronary artery disease, a leading cause of death.
CSP

deposition of cholesterol and lipid in the inner layer of the blood vessel
CHV

Atherosclerosis is a disease in which plaque builds up inside your arteries. Plaque is a sticky substance made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances found in the blood. Over time, plaque hardens and narrows your arteries. That limits the flow of oxygen-rich blood to your body and can lead to serious problems, including

  • Coronary artery disease. These arteries supply blood to your heart. When they are blocked, you can suffer angina or a heart attack.
  • Carotid artery disease. These arteries supply blood to your brain. When they are blocked you can suffer a stroke.
  • Peripheral arterial disease. These arteries are in your arms, legs and pelvis. When they are blocked, you can suffer from numbness, pain and sometimes infections.

Atherosclerosis usually doesn`t cause symptoms until it severely narrows or totally blocks an artery. Many people don`t know they have the disease until they have a medical emergency.

A physical examination, imaging and other diagnostic tests can tell if you have it. Treatments include medicines, and medical procedures or surgery. Lifestyle changes can also help. These include following a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, quitting smoking, and managing stress.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

Build-up of fatty material and calcium deposition in the arterial wall resulting in partial or complete occlusion of the arterial lumen.
NCI

A thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES that occurs with formation of ATHEROSCLEROTIC PLAQUES within the ARTERIAL INTIMA.
MSH

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nádorové cirkulující buňky

exfoliate neoplastic cells circulating in the blood and associated with metastasizing tumors.
CSP

A metastatic cancer cell found in the peripheral blood.
NCI

Exfoliate neoplastic cells circulating in the blood and associated with metastasizing tumors.
MSH

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reprodukční chování

The specific actions or reactions of an organism that are associated with reproduction. [GOC:jl]
GO

Human behavior or decision related to REPRODUCTION.
MSH

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uhlovodíky

organic compound that contains carbon and hydrogen only.
CSP

A substance made of only hydrogen and carbon. Examples of hydrocarbons are coal, petroleum, natural gas and tar. They are used as energy sources. Being exposed to hydrocarbons may increase the risk of certain types of cancer.
NCI

A group of organic compounds that consist of only hydrogen (H) and carbon (C) atoms and are involved in energy production. They may be cyclic or non-cyclic compounds. They may have double bonds, single bonds or both with carbon forming the backbone.
NCI

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deoxyribonukleasa HindIII

One of the Type II site-specific deoxyribonucleases (EC 3.1.21.4). It recognizes and cleaves the sequence A/AGCTT at the slash. HindIII is from Haemophilus influenzae R(d). Numerous isoschizomers have been identified. EC 3.1.21.-.
MSH

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zuby – opotřebování

The wearing away of a tooth as a result of tooth-to-tooth contact, as in mastication, occurring only on the occlusal, incisal, and proximal surfaces. It is chiefly associated with aging. It is differentiated from TOOTH ABRASION (the pathologic wearing away of the tooth substance by friction, as brushing, bruxism, clenching, and other mechanical causes) and from TOOTH EROSION (the loss of substance caused by chemical action without bacterial action). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p86)
MSH

The loss of tooth structure by mechanical forces from opposing teeth.
NCI

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Nepál

A country in Southern Asia, between China and India. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Southern Asia, between China and India. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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respirační paralýza

Complete or severe weakness of the muscles of respiration. This condition may be associated with MOTOR NEURON DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVE DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION DISEASES; SPINAL CORD DISEASES; injury to the PHRENIC NERVE; and other disorders.
MSH

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hydrostatický tlak

The pressure due to the weight of fluid.
MSH

pressure at any level on a fluid at rest due the weight of the fluid above it.
CSP

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dermatitida kontaktní

A type of acute or chronic skin reaction in which sensitivity is manifested by reactivity to materials or substances coming in contact with the skin. It may involve allergic or non-allergic mechanisms.
MSH

type of acute or chronic skin reaction in which sensitivity is manifested by reactivity to materials or substances coming in contact with the skin; may involve allergic or non-allergic mechanisms.
CSP

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autoimunita

Process whereby the immune system reacts against the body`s own tissues. Autoimmunity may produce or be caused by AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES.
MSH

developmentally complex, not necessarily pathological, possibly pervasive, cell or humoral immune system reactivity toward autologous (self) antigens; do not confuse with AUTOIMMUNE DISORDER.
CSP

Autoimmune Status; the state of a person`s health in regard to autoimmune disease or antibody presence.
NCI

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nervový systém – nádory

Benign and malignant neoplastic processes arising from or involving components of the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems, cranial nerves, and meninges. Included in this category are primary and metastatic nervous system neoplasms.
MSH

benign and malignant neoplastic processes arising from or involving components of the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems, cranial nerves, and meninges; included are primary and metastatic nervous system neoplasms.
CSP

A benign or malignant, primary or metastatic neoplasm involving the central or peripheral nervous system.
NCI

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retina – degenerace

A retrogressive pathological change in the retina, focal or generalized, caused by genetic defects, inflammation, trauma, vascular disease, or aging. Degeneration affecting predominantly the macula lutea of the retina is MACULAR DEGENERATION. (Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p304)
MSH

retrogressive pathological change in the retina, focal or generalized, caused by genetic defects, inflammation, trauma, vascular disease, or aging.
CSP

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hydroxyprostaglandindehydrogenasy

Catalyzes reversibly the oxidation of hydroxyl groups of prostaglandins.
MSH

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vývojová biologie

The field of biology which deals with the process of the growth and differentiation of an organism.
MSH

The study of how a multicellular organism develops from its early immature forms (e.g., zygote, larva, embryo) into an adult. (from On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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vyhýbavá porucha osobnosti

A disorder characterized by an enduring pattern of avoidance of social situations and interpersonal contact due to overwhelming feelings of social inadequacy and a hypersensitivity to negative evaluation or rejection.
NCI

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neurofibrily

The delicate interlacing threads, formed by aggregations of neurofilaments and neurotubules, coursing through the cytoplasm of the body of a neuron and extending from one dendrite into another or into the axon.
MSH

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Retroviridae – proteiny

Proteins from the family Retroviridae. The most frequently encountered member of this family is the Rous sarcoma virus protein.
MSH

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hyperglykemické hyperosmolární neketotické kóma

A serious complication of TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. It is characterized by extreme HYPERGLYCEMIA; DEHYDRATION; serum hyperosmolarity; and depressed consciousness leading to COMA in the absence of KETOSIS and ACIDOSIS.
MSH

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brain disorder diagnosis

determination of a brain disorder based on symptoms, medical history, risk factors, and clinical tests.
CSP

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Azotobacteraceae

A subfamily of motile, gram-negative bacteria found in SOIL and WATER and capable of fixing atmospheric nitrogen.
MSH

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neurofarmakologie

The branch of pharmacology dealing especially with the action of drugs upon various parts of the nervous system.
MSH

study of the origin, nature, properties, and actions of drugs and their effects on the nervous system; use this term mainly for intended, desired effects; for harmful or undesired effects, see NEUROTOXICOLOGY.
CSP

A branch of pharmacology concerned with the effects of drugs on the nervous system.
NCI

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atrofická rýma

A chronic inflammation in which the NASAL MUCOSA gradually changes from a functional to a non-functional lining without mucociliary clearance. It is often accompanied by degradation of the bony TURBINATES, and the foul-smelling mucus which forms a greenish crust (ozena).
MSH

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hypertenze maligní

A condition of markedly elevated BLOOD PRESSURE with DIASTOLIC PRESSURE usually greater than 120 mm Hg. Malignant hypertension is characterized by widespread vascular damage, PAPILLEDEMA, retinopathy, HYPERTENSIVE ENCEPHALOPATHY, and renal dysfunction.
MSH

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