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bis(chlormethyl)ether

A substance that is an irritant to the eyes and respiratory tract and may be carcinogenic.
MSH

A colorless, flammable, carcinogenic liquid with an extremely suffocating odor. Bis(Chloromethyl) Ether is used in industry as an alkylating agent, a chemical intermediate, a monitoring indicator for the presence of chloromethyl ether, and as a laboratory reagent. This substance is irritating to eyes and mucous membranes and emits toxic vapors of hydrochloric acid and other chlorinated compounds when heated to decomposition. Exposure to Bis(Chloromethyl) ether is associated with higher risk of developing lung cancer, mainly small-cell type, and the risk increases with increasing duration and cumulative exposure. (NCI05)
NCI

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necrobiosis lipoidica

A degenerative disease of the dermal connective tissue characterized by the development of erythematous papules or nodules in the pretibial area. The papules form plaques covered with telangiectatic vessels. More than half of the affected patients have diabetes.
MSH

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fagocyty

Cells that can carry out the process of PHAGOCYTOSIS.
MSH

cells that ingest microorganisms, foreign particles, other cells, or dead tissue.
CSP

A type of immune cell that can surround and kill microorganisms, ingest foreign material, and remove dead cells. It can also boost immune responses. Monocytes, macrophages, and neutrophils are phagocytes. A phagocyte is a type of white blood cell.
NCI

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Human Genetics

The branch of genetics focusing on human heredity.
NCI

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intravenous administration

injections made into a vein for therapeutic or experimental purposes.
CSP

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steatitida

A disease of cats and mink characterized by a marked inflammation of adipose tissue and the deposition of “ceroid” pigment in the interstices of the adipose cells. It is believed to be caused by feeding diets containing too much unsaturated fatty acid and too little vitamin E. (Merck Veterinary Manual, 5th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

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blastomykóza

A fungal infection that may appear in two forms: 1, a primary lesion characterized by the formation of a small cutaneous nodule and small nodules along the lymphatics that may heal within several months; and 2, chronic granulomatous lesions characterized by thick crusts, warty growths, and unusual vascularity and infection in the middle or upper lobes of the lung.
MSH

infection caused by fungi of the genus Blastomyces.
CSP

A fungal infection caused by inhalation of spores of Blastomyces dermatitidis. It presents with flu-like symptoms including fever, chills, cough, pleuritic chest pain and myalgias. It may lead to a chronic granulomatous pulmonary infection and disseminate to other anatomic sites including skin, nervous system and bones.
NCI

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nádorové cirkulující buňky

exfoliate neoplastic cells circulating in the blood and associated with metastasizing tumors.
CSP

A metastatic cancer cell found in the peripheral blood.
NCI

Exfoliate neoplastic cells circulating in the blood and associated with metastasizing tumors.
MSH

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fenazopyridin

A local anesthetic that has been used in urinary tract disorders. Its use is limited by problems with toxicity (primarily blood disorders) and potential carcinogenicity.
MSH

A synthetic pyridine derivative anesthetic, Phenazopyridine is used as a local anesthetic in urinary tract disorders to relieve pain of lower urinary-tract irritation, as in cystitis, urethritis or prostatitis. Compatible with relief of pain and discomfort in antibacterial therapy, its use is limited however due to toxicity (primarily blood disorders) and potential carcinogenicity. (NCI04)
NCI

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uhlovodíky

organic compound that contains carbon and hydrogen only.
CSP

A substance made of only hydrogen and carbon. Examples of hydrocarbons are coal, petroleum, natural gas and tar. They are used as energy sources. Being exposed to hydrocarbons may increase the risk of certain types of cancer.
NCI

A group of organic compounds that consist of only hydrogen (H) and carbon (C) atoms and are involved in energy production. They may be cyclic or non-cyclic compounds. They may have double bonds, single bonds or both with carbon forming the backbone.
NCI

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léky – rezistence mikrobiální

The ability of microorganisms, especially bacteria, to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).
MSH

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koljušky

Common name for fish found mostly in the family Gasterosteidae. The three-spine stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) is frequently studied.
MSH

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selfmonitoring glykémie

Self evaluation of whole blood glucose levels outside the clinical laboratory. A digital or battery-operated reflectance meter may be used. It has wide application in controlling unstable insulin-dependent diabetes.
MSH

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Nepál

A country in Southern Asia, between China and India. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Southern Asia, between China and India. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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fenylefrin

An alpha-1 adrenergic agonist used as a mydriatic, nasal decongestant, and cardiotonic agent.
MSH

direct acting sympathomimetic amine that stimulates alpha-adrenergic receptors and is a powerful vasoconstrictor.
CSP

A direct-acting sympathomimetic amine chemically related to adrenaline and ephedrine with potent vasoconstrictor property. Phenylephrine is a post-synaptic alpha-adrenergic receptor agonist that causes vasoconstriction, increases systolic/diastolic pressures, reflex bradycardia, and stroke output.
NCI

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hydrostatický tlak

The pressure due to the weight of fluid.
MSH

pressure at any level on a fluid at rest due the weight of the fluid above it.
CSP

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DUODENO ULTZERA

A PEPTIC ULCER located in the DUODENUM.
MSH

peptic ulcer located in the duodenum, the shortest and widest portion of the small intestine adjacent to the pylorus of the stomach.
CSP

A disorder characterized by a circumscribed, inflammatory and necrotic erosive lesion on the mucosal surface of the duodenal wall.
NCI

An ulcer in the duodenal wall.
NCI

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Streptococcus mutans

polysaccharide producing species of Streptococcus isolated from human dental plaque.
CSP

A polysaccharide-producing species of STREPTOCOCCUS isolated from human dental plaque.
MSH

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hematotestikulární bariéra

A specialized barrier, in the TESTIS, between the interstitial BLOOD compartment and the adluminal compartment of the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES. The barrier is formed by layers of cells from the VASCULAR ENDOTHELIUM of the capillary BLOOD VESSELS, to the SEMINIFEROUS EPITHELIUM of the seminiferous tubules. TIGHT JUNCTIONS form between adjacent SERTOLI CELLS, as well as between the ENDOTHELIAL CELLS.
MSH

specialized barrier in the testis between the interstitial blood compartment and the adluminal compartment of the seminiferous tubules; formed by layers of cells from the vascular endothelium of the capillaries to the seminiferous epithelium; tight junctions form between adjacent sertoli cells as well as between the endothelial cells.
CSP

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nervový systém – nádory

Benign and malignant neoplastic processes arising from or involving components of the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems, cranial nerves, and meninges. Included in this category are primary and metastatic nervous system neoplasms.
MSH

benign and malignant neoplastic processes arising from or involving components of the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems, cranial nerves, and meninges; included are primary and metastatic nervous system neoplasms.
CSP

A benign or malignant, primary or metastatic neoplasm involving the central or peripheral nervous system.
NCI

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flebografie

Radiographic visualization or recording of a vein after the injection of contrast medium.
MSH

A procedure in which an x-ray of the veins is taken after a special dye is injected into the bone marrow or veins.
NCI

A type of X-ray in which contrast medium is injected into a vein to show the details of its structure and any associated abnormalities.
NCI

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hydroxyprostaglandindehydrogenasy

Catalyzes reversibly the oxidation of hydroxyl groups of prostaglandins.
MSH

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dysostózy

Defective bone formation involving individual bones, singly or in combination.
MSH

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Strongyloides stercoralis

A species of parasitic nematode widely distributed in tropical and subtropical countries. The females and their larvae inhabit the mucosa of the intestinal tract, where they cause ulceration and diarrhea.
MSH

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vazba zubní

An adhesion procedure for orthodontic attachments, such as plastic DENTAL CROWNS. This process usually includes the application of an adhesive material (DENTAL CEMENTS) and letting it harden in-place by light or chemical curing.
MSH

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neurofibrily

The delicate interlacing threads, formed by aggregations of neurofilaments and neurotubules, coursing through the cytoplasm of the body of a neuron and extending from one dendrite into another or into the axon.
MSH

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fosfeny

A subjective visual sensation with the eyes closed and in the absence of light. Phosphenes can be spontaneous, or induced by chemical, electrical, or mechanical (pressure) stimuli which cause the visual field to light up without optical inputs.
MSH

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hyperglykemické hyperosmolární neketotické kóma

A serious complication of TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. It is characterized by extreme HYPERGLYCEMIA; DEHYDRATION; serum hyperosmolarity; and depressed consciousness leading to COMA in the absence of KETOSIS and ACIDOSIS.
MSH

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ekdysteron

A steroid hormone that regulates the processes of MOLTING or ecdysis in insects. Ecdysterone is the 20-hydroxylated ECDYSONE.
MSH

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organum subcommissurale

An ependymal derivative located at the junction of the third ventricle and the cerebral aqueduct, secreting somatostatin.
MSH

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